100%

Scanned image of the page. Keyboard directions: use + to zoom in, - to zoom out, arrow keys to pan inside the viewer.

Page Options

Download this Issue

Share

Something wrong?

Something wrong with this page? Report problem.

Rights / Permissions

This collection, digitized in collaboration with the Michigan Daily and the Board for Student Publications, contains materials that are protected by copyright law. Access to these materials is provided for non-profit educational and research purposes. If you use an item from this collection, it is your responsibility to consider the work's copyright status and obtain any required permission.

May 11, 1945 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-05-11

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

T E MNhiIGAN DAILY

Fifty-Fifth Year

I

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
Conference Opponents Listed

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.

Evelyn Phillips
Margaret Farmer
Ray Dixon .
Paul Sislin
Bank Mantho
Dave Loewenberg
Mavis Kennedy
Ann Schutz
Dick Strickland
Martha Schmitt
Ray McFee

Editorial Staffg.
. . . . Managing Editor
. . . . Editorial Director
. -. . . . . City Editor
Associate Editor
S . . . Sports Editor
. . Associate Sports Editor
. . . . . Women's Editor
. Associate Women's Editor
Business Stafff
. Business Manager
. . . Associate Business Mgr.
. . . Associate Business Mgr.

Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for-re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mall, $5.25.
REPRESENTED FOR.NATION,.. AIJVRTltN4G OY
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
420 MADisoN AVE.' NEW YORK, N. Y.
CHICAGO - BOSTON *-LOs ANGELES - SAN FRANCISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1944-45
NIGHT EDITOR: MYRA SACKS
Editorials published in The Michigan- Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Mature Thinking
A NEWLY arrived soldier in the campus Japa-
nese language group, sitting in the music
room of Lane Hall Monday night, said that
Ann Arbor was the first place he'd ever hit
that gave him a depressed feeling. This was
the day that victory had been shouted from
the steps of the Union to the corner of the
City Hall-V-E Day, the banners read.
In a Maine accent, the soldier said that he
was born in Yokohama, had lived mostly in
Osaka and had travelled from coast to coast
in the United States, yet people here "floored
him." He also expressed the view that college
students of our age are perhaps more mature
now than they will ever be. For, we dare to
think more radically, are more aware of the
struggles going on about us.
Monday, May 7, was V-E Day. What does this
mean? Victory in Europe. But is that all?
Perhaps so. The following excerpt from a stu-
dent's letter home, written shortly after the
news was announced, reveals some idea of its
meaning.
"At 9:45 a. m. Monday morning, news of the
German capitulation came over the radio, and
several of us dashed over to The Daily. Stuff
was coming over the teletype fast, and in less
than an hour, we had an eight page extra 04
the streets.
"When this first wave of excitement left me-
after selling extras for nearly two and a half
hours-I began to wonder. It had begun as a
bright, sunny day-literally, too-yet ended as
a dreary, rainy one. Watching people, I became
depressed. Nobody really cared-unless it were
in the most personal way-unless it meant the
possibility of some loved one returning soon.
"How could we, any of us, actually under-
stand just how the liberated Europeans must
feel. No bombs have been dropped on our
towns; the women in our families haven't been
treated brutally; we haven't starved or gone
naked; only tales from our men or from war
correspondents bring the war closer to us.
"So it all comes back to the fact that we're
just selfish beings, for so long as we can go to
movies and see "For Whom the Bell Tolls," we
don't care if there's a dictator in Washington;
the government can "go to pot!" We're self-
centered individuals. Let's admit it. Let the
other guy do our thinking, fool us. But must
it always take a Lusitania or Pearl Harbor to
shock us into reality?
"The delegates at San Francisco are trying
to change that; without some support, some
criticism from the people, they will fail. As a
friend of mine said, you can't change people
overnight, nor can a banner in today's paper.
For like Hitler's reported death, the proclama-
tion of V-E Day becomes just another story in
yesterday's paper.
"Students didn't celebrate here-no, not the
expected flow of liquor, so far as I could see.
We were sober-sober to the extent that classes
went on as usual. Some attended church. How
much sober thinking there was, other than the

realization that only half the physical combat
was won, I can't say."
Iisn' t ios An n Ar.h.. *i-mrh Cf c*, Alu

By DREW PEARSON
SAN FRANCISCO-Secretary of State Stetti-
nius has just received an 'interesting docu-
ment from his undersecretary, Joe Grew, listing
a variegated group of organizations trying to
undermine the San Francisco conference, Bret-
ton Woods and other steps toward international
cooperation. The report was prepared by Louis
M. Birkenhead of the Friends of Democracy, who
spent two hours with Grew, giving him a bill of
particulars regarding the anti-peace agitators
whom he described as having all the strength of
the pre-Pearl Harbor isolationists with no Pearl
Harbor ahead to shock us into unity.
The people who are now screaming, "poor Pol-
and," and "poor Rumania," the report warns, are
the same ones who once insisted that Poland,
Czechoslovakia and the rights of small nations
were none of our business. When the Atlantic
Charter was first proclaimed they called it a
fraud, but today they shed tears over its
"demise."
Here are the chief agitators against the San
Francisco conference and Bretton Woods, ac-
cording to the Birkenhead report:
Gerald L. K. Smith, one-time Huey Long
lieutenant, leader of the America First party
I'D RATHER. BE RIGHT:
International Law
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
THE GERMANS will probably now become a
nation of lawyers. It is the usual course,
after a national defeat, for the defeated to devote
themselves to a study of the subtler aspects of
international law, much as some of our gunmen
take to reading law-books in pail. This theme
has already shown itself, in the German Foreign
Minister Von Krosigk's "surrender" broadcast.
He said: "We must also recognize law as the
basis of all relations between the nations; we
must recognize it and respect it from inner
conviction."
The sentiment is unexceptionable, and no
man is to be derided for expressing an attach-
ment to law. But it remains true that when
the Germans were on top, their attachment
was to the principle of force; it is only now
that they are at the bottom that they have
become newly devoted to law.
They will try to reach us through law, to work
on us through our own respect for law; and we
must look forward to a period in which the
most eloquent speeches on behalf of international
law (and justice, and kindness) will come from
Germany. Poems, even. It is the underdog who
builds up the mystique of natural rights, as
opposed to force; and this is certainly one di-
rection which the intellectual life of the new
Germany is bound to take. Three years ago
they were talking force, and we were talking
law, and the switch is on.
VON KROSIGK'S speech is curiously com
plete, for he also trots out the idea of
"liberty." Liberty has been living under a rock
in Germany for a dozen years, but Von Krosigk
wipes the mold off it, and exhibits it, blinking
stupidly in the sun. The Germans did not
talk about liberty when they were overrunning
other countries, but now that their own is being
overrun, they remember the good word.
This is the very beat and rhythm of history,
as the former tyrants snatch slogans from the
lips of their own victims, as S. S. men in mufti
mutter the same words they once shot human
beings for daring to speak.
The Germans will be in a not unfavorable
position, as it happens, to raise questions of
law. Germany is to be divided into several
zones of occupation, a situation which is bound,
almost immediately to bring up questions as
to how the powers involved are interpreting
their rights, and conducting themselves. Sharp
differences in method, as between the occupy-
ing powers, would immediately give Germany
a case upon which to stand before the forum
of world opinion. It happens that the pro-
posed Russian zone includes the chief food-
producing areas of Germany, while the British
and American zones are largely industrial.
Will the Russians permit the German farms
to feed the German cities? Has the issue
been discussed and settled?

It will be seen that even a defeated Germany
has room for play here. She will be able to
raise legal and moral questions, and it is not
too far-fetched to suppose that some day Rus-
sia-haters in America may find themselves echo-
ing pleas for justice from the lips of the jailers
of Buchenwald.
Our problem is not so different in peace
from what it was in war. -The great powers
still face an opponent which has an enor-
mous splitting potential. Unless they cling
to the principle of unanimous action, they
may find that Germany can make almost as
much trouble by using legalisms in an era of
legality, as she could by using force in an
era of force. Suppose the powers fall out
among themselves, leaving only an amorphous
world organization, before which Germany
can plead her case, perhaps through the voices
of old friends? The name of Argentina comes
to mind. It is clear again that organization is
no substitute for policy, and that we will need
both policy and organization to keep the
world at east during the years ahead.
(Copyright, 1945, N. Y. Post Syndicate)

-just arrived in San Francisco only to be
barred by most hotels.
Elizabeth Dilling, long under indictment
for sedition and even more active an isola-
tionist than the Chicago Tribune.
Ex-Senator Bob Reynolds of North Carolina,
son-in-law of Mrs. Evalyn "Hope Diamond"
McLean, and who once edited a weekly maga-
zine with reputed Fascist leanings.
Also Senator "Pass-the-Biscuits Pappy"
O'Daniel of Texas; ex-congressman Sam Pet-
tengill, columnist for the Gannett newspapers;
Charles Hudson, Court Asher; John B. Trevor
of the American Coalition; Walter Steele, edit-
or of the National Republic, the Brooklyn
Tablet, New York Gaelic American, San Fran-
cisco Leader, and the Meriden, Conn., Malist.
Samples of the propaganda-Ex-Senator Rey-
nolds: "Bretton Woods is an insane plot for
world government" sponsored by "international
bankers." Mrs. Lyrl Van Hyning of "We, the
Mothers, Mobilize for America," says of the
San Francisco conference: "Your son is to be a
policeman. If you want to see your boy again,
then speak out now or forever hold your peace."
The New York News: "San Francisco is as
phony as a seven-dollar bill. It has no concern
with establishing a peace of justice."
Arab Glamour...
SAUDI ARABIA, which supplies the chief glam-
our for San Francisco, has sent five of its
top-drawer princes to represent the Arabs of
South Arabia-all sons of Ibn Saud, the man
from whom Roosevelt said he had learned more
about the Jewish problem in five minutes than
in weeks of correspondence.
Riding through San Francisco in limousines
supplied by the Standard Oil Co. of California,
and striding through hotel lobbies dressed in
long-flowing burnooses, they are the chief visual
attraction of the conference. The other day
as the five Arab princes walked past, a near-by
lady remarked: "Oh, they're so fierce, so roman-
tic." In perfectly good English, one of the
princes, scarcely turning his head, replied:
"Tsk, tsk, you should see us on horses, my
dear."
Broadway and Royalty . .
FAST-TALKING Walter Winchell went to call
on gentle, slow-speaking British ambassador,
the Earl of Halifax, a delegate at the San Fran-
cisco parley.
His lordship, who can trace his ancestry back
five centuries and who has served as Viceroy of
India, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister
of Agriculture, asked polite and curious questions
about Winchell's~method of broadcasting.
"Do you ever let visitors come and watch you
broadcast?" questioned his lordship, indicating
that he might like to come and watch the mysti-
cal ceremony. "Oh, no," shot back Winchell,
"some nut might grab the microphone and yell
in it at 27,000,000 people. Then where would I
be?"
His dignified lordship smiled, decided he would
not risk the temptation of addressing Winchell's
audience of 27,000,000.
Discrimination at San Francisco
WHILE San Francisco delegates attempted to
build a framework to carry out the Four
Freedoms of the Atlantic Charter, the minions of
music dictator James C. Petrillo were denying
the right of one of America's foremost Negro
singers to make music recordings if accompanied
by a white pianist or any other white musicians.
The Negro, Huddy Ledbetter, is probably the
nations most outstanding folk singer; has made
hundreds of recordings for the Library of Con-
gress. But in San Francisco, Petrillo's musi-
cian's Local Union 6 denied him the right to
make recordings with three white musicians-
Ellis Norne, Squire Girsbach and Paul Lingle.
Ed Moore, vice-president of Local 6 and Secre-
tary Jack Haywood telephoned Petrillo in Chi-
cago to ask whether Ledbetter could play with
the three white musicians and got the word
"No."
There has been a long standing rule in the
San Francisco Bay area that Negro musicians
cannot play in public with whites. But Local
6 once before stretched this rule to discriminate
against Negroes even on private recordings
where the public has no idea who the musicians
are, and whether they are white or black.
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

".N, E SECOND
By Ray Dixon
G1 ERMAN submarines have started surrendering
to the Allies. Off-hand we can think of few
things more useless than submarines in time of
peace.
If the War Crimes Commission brings all
the Nazis up for trial, we'll be satisfied an(
the Germans should be shotisfied.
The House has passed a bill appropriating
$4,000 to reimburse some fellow who got hit by
an egg thrown from a passing troop train. This
sounds like a new version of the old shell game.
Dr. Burgess the sociologist who spoke here
Wednesday claimed that the divorce rate of war-
time hitchings might rise as high as one to four.
This is a variation on the old wheeze, "Three
out of four splices are nices, but the fourth comes
to a crises."

WHICH WOULD YOU BET ON?
r 7:'
SYSTEMATIC
BONI BUYER~
[.TH TREADMILL
T HE T R E A DMIL L

By PAULA BROWER
T HE SEVEN days ending Thursday
gave us just about as much as
any reasonably promising week can
in fairness be expected to confine
within its limits. This one was
crammed obligingly full.
No sooner had the let-down come
after the four exhilarating - Escape
Days of May Festival than Reality
became considerably more bearable
with the announcement of V-E Day.
The Pulitzer Prize winners were an-
nounced, and the deplorably human
squabbles which we had somehow
hoped the San Francisco Conference
would be able to rise above never-
theless continued as a "Well, after
all, I lave my own interests to look
out for" attitude prevailed.
Of course we all realize that that
sort of thing is perfectly natural and
certainly to be expected, but at the
same time we-wonder doubtfully how
a world organization can possibly
succeed when we still are unable to
get rid of the ancient jealousies and
over gippng rights feuds which, al-
though discouragingly unsolvable,
still persist in coloring our decisions
and actions to such a crippling extent.
It's demanding an almost super-
human objectivity of view, of course,
but how else can a community of
nations succeed? And now that the
German surrender has made the
whole thing so much more urgent,
and the policies to be decided upon
are se soon to be carried out, it will
be a good deal more difficult for the
representatives at the conference to
maintain a degree of detachment in
their considerations. The tendency
may well be to sacrifice the ideal for
the expedient, and the ultimate good
for the immediate consolation.
One of the greatest difficulties
in setting up an organization of
this sort is attempting to maintain
the balance betwelen the practical
and the ideal. Enter now (with
Due Consideration) May Festival,
which was mentioned in the sec-
ond sentence not exclusively for
literary effect. May Festival itself
undoubtedly has had not the slight-
est effect on the San Francisco
Conference, but it is representative
of one of the most powerful forces
in the direction of civilization's de-
velopment.
PARTICULARLY in the case of the
more social as against the highly
personal works of art, society re-
ceives considerable impetus from men
frequently cast off as mere dreamers,
Of creawive work Matthew Arnold
says: "Its gift lies in the faculty of
being happily inspired by a certain
intellectual and spiritual atmosphere,
by a certain order of ideas, when it
finds itself in them." In pointing out,
comparing, or presenting singly the
existent currents of thought and the
Ideal, the artist supplies valuable
critici-m of :ian, his habits and insti-
tutions.
During the years of the war the
engineers, the economists, the sci-
entists and industrialists have held
sway, and no one has questioned
their right to this position. Things
like practical training, production,
and transportation are the deter-
mining factors in the success of a
military force, so naturally we have
turned to the men who are experts
in these fields. In a time of emer-
gency that demands immediate ma-
terial relief we cannot hesitate, so
the questions of Natures and Rea-
sons and Purposes must be subor-
dinated to the more pressing de-
mands for men and equipment.
But now that the peace is ap-
proaching and plans are being laid

for world organization we cannot go
on working on the same basis. We
must know what the significance of
our decisions will be and examine the
direction our present policies may
take in the future. We cannot be
satisfied by. an excellent compromise
-the ultimate ideal toward which
we are striving must be kept con-
stantly im. mind.
T'HIS is where the artists come in,
for it is their business to be con-
cerned with the dreams for which
other men have neither time nor
patience. Thcy are the ones who give
meaning to man's accomplishments,
who give 'impetus to new bursts of
vitality. ,
It is of course important that a
sound, practical plan emerge from
the San Francisco Conference, but
we need more than a working order
having good, functioning economic,
military, administrative provisions,
We need a scheme founded upon
an ideal that is' strong enough to
survive the blunders which will in-
evitably occur-an ideal of which
the artists and philosophers are
the guardians. It is time that we
relieved these visionary flame-ten-
ders of their roles, as mourners over
lost ages, and vain prophets who
shout their warnings only to lie
ignored. Call them in ahead of
time, for we need them the minute
the generals and chemists and ec-
onomists have accomplished their
jobs. Listen to them now, instead 7
of waiting until later, when all they
can do is bind up our wounds.
Hard Peace
ENERAL JODL, the German gen-
eral who signed the unconditional
surrender at Rheims, has made a
request of the Allies. He has asked
them to be "generous" intheir treat-
ment of the German people, the Ger-
man people who, according to the
general, have suffered more than any1
other people in this war. There arej
two points in the general's statement,
the first of which typifies German1
colossalfnerve, the second the Ger-.
man gift for falsehood.
The request for generosity made I
by this German is outrageous. He
asks for mercy-for that is what he
wants-for the people who inflicted
the most devastating of wars on the
world; for the people who wilfully'
stood by, or, worse yet, aided in the
torture and slaughter of millions.
He stands there and speaks of Ger-
man suffering when reports of Ger-
man atrocities are daily pouring out
of Europe. It must sound strange to
the Czech who remembers Lidice, to %
the Pole who remembers Maidenek.
to the Russian who remembers Boby-c
Yar, to hear of German suffering. t
The Allies cannot do to the Ger-
mans what the Germans ltve done
to others. That is essentially whatr
makes us: different. But we mustr
turn only deaf ears to General
Jodl and anyone else who seeks
generosity for the Germans. We
must be harsh in our treatment of
that nation gone mad. Any soft
treatment will invite World War
III -Eunice Mintz

DAILY OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
FRIDAY, MAY 11, 1945
VOL. LV, No. 144
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
.1021 Angell Hall, by 2:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (10:30 a. m. Sat-
urdays).
CENTRAL WAR TIME USED IN
THE DAILY OFFICIAL
BULLETIN.
Notices
University Council: The May meet-
ing of the University Council has
been cancelled.
Louis A. Hopkins, Secretary
All Students interested in partici-
patingin the three-act student writ-
ten English Department comedy are
asked to be on hand this afternoon
at 2 o'clock (CWT) fourth floor An-
gell Hall.
La Soiedad Hispanica offers two
fifty dollar scholarships (plus tui-
tion) to the University of Mexico
Summer School. Students interested
must apply through Professor Mer-
cado in 302 Romance Languages be-
fore May 15.
Prescott Club: All members who
wish to attend the party on May 20,
1945, should sign the list on the bul-
letin board next to the Pharmacy
Office before Monday, May 14, 1945.
Academic Notices
Directed Teaching, Qualifying Ex-
amination: All students expecting to
do directed teaching next term are
required to pass a qualifying exami-
nation in the subject in which they
expect to teach. This examination
will be held on Saturday, May 12, at
7:30 a.m. Students will meet in the
auditorium of the University High
School. The examination will con-
sume about four hours' time; prompt-
ness is therefore essential.
English II, Section 14: Rm. 4208
A.H. will be available as usual on
Saturday.
Econ. 121, Labor I: Class will not
meet today, May 11. Z. C. Dickinson.
Speech 31: Professor Owen's 8,
CWT, class will meet in the Kellogg
Auditorium in the Dental School to-
day.
Doctoral Examination for Hui Lan
Yeh, Biological Chemistry; thesis:
"Studies of the Proteins of the Tung
Nut (A. Fordii) ", today, May 11,
313 West Medical, 9 a.m. Chairman,
H. B. Lewis.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members of
the faculties and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend this examina-
tion, and he may grant permission
to those who for sufficent reason
might wish to be present.
Concerts
Faculty Recital; Dorothy Ornest
Feldman, guest soprano, will present
a Lieder recital, accompanied by
Kathleen Rinck of the piano faculty,
.t 7:30-p.m. CWT, Sunday, May 13 in
Lydia Mendelssohn. Mrs. Feldman's
program will consist of compositions
by Brahms, Hugo Wolf, Richard
Strauss, and Schubert. The public
is cordially invited.
Exhibitions

Sixteenth -Annual Exhibition of
Sculpture of the Institute of Fine
Arts: In the Concourse of the Michi-
Ian League Building. Display will be
on view daily until Commencement.
Twenty-Second Annual Exhibition
by the Artists of Ann Arbor and
Vicinity: In the Mezzanine Exhibition
Rooms of the Rackham Building
daily, except Sunday, 2 to 5 and 7
to 10 p.m. The public is cordially
invited.
"Krishna Dancing with the Milk-
maids" an original Rajput brush
drawing with studies of the hands in
crayon. Also examples of Indian fab-
rics. Auspices, the Institute of Fine
Arts. May 14 through May 26; Mon-
day-Friday, 1-4; Saturday, 9-11,
CWT. Alumni Memorial Hall, Rm. B.
Events Today
Orchestra Rehearsal: The Univer-
sity Symphony Orchestra will meet
in Hill Auditorium at 3 p.m. (CWT)
today, for regular rehearsal.
Coffee Hour: The presence of Dean

4

1

I

11

4

I

1

70 J e Ck to
THE EDITOR:
All of us who are so appalled by
the atrocities committed in Germany,
let's stop before we ask for an eye
for an eye, think, and perhaps come
to the conclusion, as I have, that
those in Germany should be treated
as we would anyone who represents
a harmful influence to society, and

,

BARNABY
-the search for the indicted
financier reached proportions
of a national manhunt today
with O'Malley reported seen

-Schenectady, St. Louis, New Orleans,
Pittsburgh, St. Paul, East Orange, Boise-
I mw~A4m ;n wIAaja

By Crockett Johnson
-Altoona, Washington, Yonkers, Kansas City,andl
the leftfield heeachers of the Brooklyn boll park--
Now, that's imoossible!

Edmonson of Vhe School of Eciuca-
tion promises to make the Lane Hall
Coffee Hour a very pleasant gather-
ing this week. Anyone wishing to
attend will be welcomed this after-
noon at 3 (CWT).
The Graduate Council is sponsor-
ing a Mixer and Dance May 11 in
the Rackham Building. There will
be dancing, movies, games, enter-
tainment, and refreshments. All

I

Back to Top

© 2021 Regents of the University of Michigan