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May 04, 1945 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-05-04

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.
9

4w
IIIA

WEATHER
Mostly Cloudy with
Light Rain.

VOL. LV, No. 138 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, MAY 4, 1945
KielIs DeclaredpenCity; Doenitz

PRICE FIVE CENTS
Flees

British Sweep On Past
Capitulated Hamburg
Victorious Russian Troops Searching
Amid Berlin Ruins For Hitler's Corpse
BULLETIN
LONDON. Thursday, May 4-(RP)-A German radio station, believed
to be Bremen, declared today that Germany's new fuehrer, Grand
Admiral Karl Doenitz, had arrived in Copenhagen yesterday afternoon.
The broadcast said it was believed that other members of the
German government had accompanied Doenitz.
The report that Doenitz was in Copenhagen coincided with uncon-
firmed reports from Stockholm that Field Marshal Montgomery was
conferring, or about to confer, with German leaders.

150,
Lay

00 Nazis
Down Arms

t

British Tanks Speed Over Debris-
Strewn Roads 20 Miles in Denmark

By The Associated Press
LONDON, May 3-Germany's new
fuehrer, Grand Admiral Doenitz, was
reported to have fled to the naval
base at Kiel today as British forces
swept through capitulated Hamburg,
50 miles to the south, and victorious
Russian troops searched for Hitler's
body in the ruins of Berlin.
So swift was the disintegration of
German resistance and so chaotic the
.Allied Troops
Enter Rangoon,
Capture Davao
U.S. Casualties Reach
16,964 on Okinawa
By The Associated Press
The Japanese army tasted bitter
defeat today in large doses adminis-
tered by Allied forces from the Phil-
ippines to Borneo and Burma.
British and Indiai troops entered
Rangoon, Burma's capital and chief
port, and capped their greatest vic-
tory in a three-year campaign in
that hot, wet country with a rapid
mop-up of Japanese remaining in
the city.
The American 24th Division pene-
trated Davao city, on the southeast
coast of Mindanao in the Philippines,
chasing the retreating Japanese who
had been expected to make a stiff
defense -of° the port. They capturedc
an airfield, coastal guns and ammu-
nition dumps.
Naval action in support of the
Okinawa campaign has cost the U.S.
5,551 casualties, Fleet Adm. Chester
W. Nimitz announced. That made a
total of 16,964 Navy, Army and Ma-
rine casualties for the Okinawa and
Associated Ryukyus campaigns.
Veterans of the Australian Ninth
Division driving from beachheads es-
tablished Tuesday on Tarakan Is-
land, off Borneo's northeastern coast,
were within a few hundred yards of
an airfield and had reached the out-
skirts of Lingkas, principal city of the
oil production island.
T rieste, Goria
Taken by Allied
ROME, May 3.-(IP)-Allied Head-
quarters announced today that New
Zealand troops, joining forces with
the Yugoslavs, had captured Trieste
and Gorizia in disputed Istria, only
Nazi-held slice of Italy not comman-
ded by Gen. Heinrich Von Vieting-
hoff-Scheel who surrender his mil-
lion-man army in north Italy and
western Austria. -
At the same time it was announced
that Nazi Gen. Schlemmer, who had
defied Vietinghoff's unconditional
surrender order, had surrendered his
army corps of 40,000 troops pocketed
in Liguria
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today Oscar Levant, pianist,
Philadelphia Orchestra,
Eugene Ormandy, con-
ductor, will be featured
at the May Festival at
8:30EWT, (7:30CWT) in
the Hill Auditorium.
Today Golf Match between Uni-
versity of Detroit and U.
of M. at 1:30 EWT (12:30
CWT) on the University

general situation inside the Reich'
that it appeared tonight there might
be no necessity to negotiate a formal
surrender.
Stockholm Reports Doenitz in Kiel
A stockholm dispatch said Doenitz
and his new foreign minister, Count
Ludwig Schwerin Von Krosick, were
conferring at Kiel with Josef Ter-
boven, Nazi Commissioner for Nor-
way, and Werner Best, German Mi-
ister to Denmark, on the possibility
of making a final stand in those
Scandinavian countries.
The chief obstacle standing in the
1ay of a declared peace was believed
to be the German force in Norway,
estimated by responsible quarters at
150,000 troops, who have been
strengthened in recent months by
aerial delivery of weapons and sup-
plies.
Bloodless Surrender Considered
Stockholm heard that negotiations
were in progress to bring about the
surrender of the Norway Nazis with-
out bloodshed. Norwegian patriots,
in an order of the day, called upon
the people to offer no provocation to
the Germans which might diminish
prospects of an orderly end to the oc-
cupation.
Recognition of
Human Rights
Urged by U.S.A.
SAN FRANCISCO, May 3.-P)-
America made its bid today to
strengthen a world charter for peace
through specific recognition of the
cardinal principles of justice, inter-
national law, human rights and the
Four Freedoms.
And, beyond these, the U.S. delega-
tion to the United Nations Confer-
ence further recommended:
Future review of a projected, in-
ternational constitution "in the
light of experience and the devel-
oping world situation after the war
is over."
Provision for "peaceful change
of conditions in the world so that
the world is not frozen."
The American suggestions fell into
nine major categories. As spokesman
for the delegation, Commander Har-
old E. Stassen outlined them to re-
porters and said they had been ap-
proved unanimously.
Even as he went down the list,
foreign ministets of the four nations
sponsoring the conference-Stettin-
us of the United States, Soong of
China, Molotov of Russia and Eden
of Britain-were going over them.
The Big Four, in fact, were sur-
veying the whole future of the
conference in an effort to antici-
pate issues and insure a quick,
smooth run toward its goal after
Molotov and Eden leave the Gol-
den Gate.
Four conference commissions,
which will cull overall amendments
and try to fit the most meritorious
into the scheme of a world organiza-
tion, met at conference headquarters
to begin their tasks.

BIG THREE IN HAPPY MOOD AT CONFERENCE-Photographed together for the first time since the
United Nations' conference opened, the foreign ministers of the Big Three enjoy a laugh during a
plenary conference at San Francisco. Left to right: Foreign Commissar V. M. Molotov of Russia, Secre-
tary of State Stettinius of the United States and Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden of Great Britain.
PIANIST OSCAR LEVANT:
Geshwin_ umbers ToBe Played

By The Assoc
PARIS, Friday, May 4-Mass surr
of the north yesterday as the fall of
resistance east of the great port and th
the famed naval base of Kiel an open c
More than 150,000 Germans laid d
and U. S. Ninth armies along the Elbe
others were giving up or being drivenC
to their deaths as they tried to flee
by sea.
20 Miles From Denmark
British tanks slashed on northeast
within 20 miles of Denmark, churn-
ing over roads strewn with the burn-
ed out hulks of 800 vehicles caught in
a tornado of aerial bombardment.
The British last were reported be-
yond Neumuenster, 16 miles south of
Kiel, running roughshod through all
the debris of a broken and beaten
army.
The Luxembourg radio said the
British had crossed the Kiel canal,
and wholly unconfirmed Stockholm
broadcasts recorded by the Federal
Communications Commission said the
British had reached Eckenfoerde, on
the Kiel Bay 15 miles northwest of
the city.
Joined on 65 Mile Front
Allied commanders wrote off all
enemy opposition in the north as
the British and the Americans joined
up with the Russians on a solid 65-
mile front stretching southward from
Wismar on the Baltic.
There was chaos in the Baltic as
German ships quit Kiel for Oslo
and other Norwegian refugeesunder
a raking fire from Allied fighter-
bombers which sank or damaged 64
cargo-sized vessels.

Oscar Levant, colorful interpreter
of Gershwin music, composer, author
and radio star, will highlight the
second May Festival concert with his
performance of the popular Gersh-
win "Concerto in F major" and
"Rhapsody in Blue" at 8:30 p.m.
EWT (7:30 p.m. CWT) today i Hill
Auditorium.
Levant was a close personal friend
of Gershwin. During his long asso-
ciation with the piano composer,
Levant acquired a great respect for
him and a deep understanding of his
music. He has probably played more
of Gershwin's music than any other
concert pianist.- His annual all-
CGershwin programs at New York's
Lewisohn Stadium and Philadelphia's
Robin Hood Dell have become a tra-
dition.
Repertoire Acclaimed
As a composer, Levant has an ex-
tensive repertoire. He has been ac-
claimed for "Dirge", a memorial to
Gershwin, and his serious works have
been performed by top ranking or-
ganizations such as the Philadelphia
and Cleveland Orchestras. In addi-
tion, Levant has written many popu-
lar songs, the scores for two movies
and several small concert pieces for
violin and piano.
Gershwin's "Rhapsody in Blue"
was written at the request of Paul
Whiteman, who asked him to write a
special composition for his "experi-
mental" concert-in ten days he had
completed a version for two pianos;
it was orchestrated by Ferde Grofe.
One year later Gershwin was com-
missioned by the Symphony Society
of New York to write a piano con-
certo; the resultant F major con-
N ,a zi Cruelty Is
Cited in Report
PARIS, May 3-(P1)-The Psycho-
logical Warfare Division of Supreme
Allied Headquarters, in a document-
ed study of the German occupation of
France, said today that the Nazi
brutality and cruelty imposed upon
the people of France was "on a scale
unequalled in history."
This indictment was based on the
Division's 13-volume study of the oc-
cupation administration in France
which was prepared to "convince pos-
sible skeptics that the German atro-
cities are not just a lot of propa-
ganda."
British and American officers, as-
sisted by the French Intelligence Ser-
vice, made an exhaustive study of the.
entire German administration dur-
ing their occupation of France, and
the results of their findings will
shortly be published in both the Unit-
ed States and Great Britain.

certo which will be heard tonight
has been rated on a list of the 50 best
musical compositions of all time by
English - Russian conductor, Albert
Coates.
The University Choral Union, con-
. . .. .} : :"9
OSCAR LEVANT
. . . will play Gershwin
CA TS Officers
WillGraduate
Here Tomorrowv
Graduating from a six-month
course in which they have been
given a speaking and reading knowl-
edge of the Japanese language and
have been familiarized with Japanese
customs and institutions, 66 Army
and Navy officers of the CATS will
hear Dr. Malcolm S. MacLean at
commencement exercises to be held
at 10 a.m. EWT (9 a.m. CWT), to-
morrow in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theater.
Receive Intensive Training
While attending the special inten-
sive course, the officers, two of whom
are members of the WAC, have been
trained in police work, public safety,
health, general administration, legal
and financial work, supply, transpor-
tation, communication, industry,
commerce, public relations and edu-
cation.
On Several Faculties
Dr. MacLean,, recently returned
from military government work in
the Mediterranean and the Pacific
theaters, graduated from this Uni-
versity in 1916.
After leaving Michigan, he held
academic posts at Northwestern,
Minnesota, Wisconsin and the Hamp-
ton Institute, Va.

ducted by Prof. Hardin Van Deursen,
will - te featured in the two opening
numbers of today's program: the
"Chant of 1942", noted for its in-
menious orchestral effects and per-
cussive bombast, by Paul Creston,
and William Schuman's "A Free
Song", secular cantata for chorus
and orchestra.
The Creston selection is the record
of one of the greatest antitheses of
1942; black despondency and inspir-
ing hope-from the acts of barbar-
ism against Poland, Greece and Li-
dice, to the sacrifices at Toulon and
Stalingrad. This work was especially.
written for the tenth anniversary of
the Orchestrette of New York and
has been performed by the NBC
Orchestra under Leopold Stokowski.
Schvman Appeared Here
Schuman, who appeared here for
the Band Association program this
spring, completed "A Free Song" im
October. 1942. The textis selected
from several poems in Walt Whit-
man's collections, "Drum Taps".
The Choral Union which will per-
form these numbers, was formed in
the fall of 1879 by a union of four
Ann Arbor church choirs. It has
grown to a size of over 300 singers
,who range in age from a few high
school students to as 1-yeargold
tenor. Prof. Hardin Van Deursen of
the School of Music serves as acting
director in the absence of Conductor
Thor Johnson, now serving with the
Army.
Nicola Moscona, young Greek bas-
so of the Metropolitan, was heard in
the opening Festival concert lass;
night as a substitute for Ezio Pinza.
Scheduled to appear in arias from
"Don Giovanni" and "The Magic
Flute", also "Boris Godonov", Pinza
became ill wvhile singing in an opera
in Cricago Wednesday evening. The
Met. artist developed a sore throat
and was therefore unable to fulfill
hi. engagement for this yt ar's Fesii-
Val.
x .
Atrocity News
Reel Censored
DETROIT, May 3.-(P)- Censor-
ship of a war newsreel met with pro-
test here today.
At police request a newsreel thea-
ter deleted scenes of hangings in
Lublin, seat of the new Polish gov-
ernment, and the Detroit- Local if
the Motion Picture Operators Union
(AFL) remonstrated.
Norman Wheaton, theater mana-
ger, said the scenes showed the "trial
and hanging of five of the Nazi over-
lords at Lublin." He said it was a
Russian film approved by the War
Department and he expressed belief
that the War Department "wanted
the public to see it."

i
l

Truman Wins
First Fight as
Veto Is Upheld
WASHINGTON, May 3.- (A")-
President Truman emerged a winner
from his first legislative fight today
as the House sustained his veto of a
resolution giving almost ironclad
draft deferments to farmers.
The President, in rejecting the
measure earlier in the day, declared
that "no group should have any
Ickes Is Given Power
To Seize 231 Idle Mines
WASHINGTON, May 3.- (A)-
President Truman tonight author-
ized Secretary Ickes to seize the
nation's anthracite mines "as a
result of existing or threatened
strikes and other labor disturb-1
ances."
The idle mines, numbering 231,
are located in Pennsylvania. Wage
negotiations between the operators
and the United Mine Workers re-
mained deadlocked in New York as
the President acted.

diated Press
enders swept through German armies
f Hamburg sounded the knell of all
e enemy high command itself declared
ity.
own their arms to the British Second
by noon Thursday and thousands of
* * *
Baltic Drive
Links Allies
Reds Cause Collapse
Of German Resistance
By The Associated Press
The last German resistance in
North-Central Germany collapsed
yesterday before a Russian drive
which linked Red Army troops with
British forces on a 65-mile front
south of the Baltic and wiped out a
huge enemy pocket between Rostock
and Hamburg.
At least three enemy divisions sur-
rendered to the combined Russian
and British forces in the clean-up of
Mecklenburg province,
More Than 10,600 Surrender
More than 10,600 demoralied Nazi
soldiers surrendered to the Red- Army
alone as Marshal Konstantin .K.
Rokossovsky's Second White Russian
Army and Field Marshal Sir Bernard
L. Montgomery's troops' joined for the
first time between the Baltic port of
Wismar and. Wittenberge on the Elbe
River, 62 miles northwest of Berlin.
At the same time, forces of Mar-
shal Gregory K. Zhukov's First White
Russian Army, co-conquerors of Ber-
lin, joined up with the U. S. Ninth
Army on a 33-mile front west of the
Nazi capital's smoking ruins.
Solid 200-Mile Front
The junction of American, British
and Russian forces now extends
across northern and central Germany
on an almost solid '200-mile front
from Wismar south to the Elbe north-
west of Dresden.
In Berlin, another 64,000 stunned
and battle-weary German troops
emerged from the subways and sew-
ers of the rubbled city to hand over
their weapons.
Nazis Flee, Are
Killed in Baltic
Allied Planes Damage,
Sink 64 Enemy Ships
LONDON, May 3.-(A)- German
soldiers attempting to flee the Reich
by sea toward Denmark and Norway
were slaughtered today by American,
British and Canadian planes which
sank or damaged more than 64 ships
in day-long attacks .off the Baltic
coast of Schleswig-Holstein.
"Another Dunlkerque" fliers de-
scribed it, only this time it was Ger-
mans trying to get away and the
Allies hitting their jumbled convoys
of ships with bombs and rockets
"like shooting fish in a barrel."
U.S. Ninth Air Force rocket-firing
Thunderbolts and fighter - bombers
joined this afternoon in the massacre
which was started by the RAP last
night with raids on the Kiel naval
base.
The Ninth reported hitting 11 Ger-
man ships of transport or cargo size
and rc:uny other smaller craft.
The Nazis set sail from all avail-
abl ports in every type of ship they
coud muster-from barges to 10,000-
tcn cargo ships and troop carriers,
and even submarines-in a frantic
effort to escape the British and Ru-
sian armies.
AAF To Open

Base 'Colleges'
LONDON, May 3.--(R)--U.S. Army

special privileges." He said the legis-
lation would violate the non-discrim-
ination principles of the Selective
Service Act.
On the showdown in the House, 185
members voted to override the veto
and 177 voted to sustain it. Since it
takes a two thirds vote of both hou-
ses to override, the legislation there-
by died..
Thirty Democrats -joined 154 Re-
publicans and one Progressive in the
vote to override. Against them were
arrayed 12 Republicans, 1 American
Labor member and 164 Democrats.
The original Tydings Amendment,
which remains on the law books,
blueprinted a procedure for defer-
ment of farm workers deemed to be
essential and irreplaceable.
The Flannagan Resolution went a
step further by making it mandatory
hat such registrants be deferred
without consideration of any other
cicumstance of condition whatso-
ever." It grew out of congressional
dissatisfaction with the administra-
tion of the Tydings Amendment.

STAFF HONORS SHIRLEY W. SMITH:
Three Layer Cake Highlights 70th Birthday

By RALPH McNABB
Still a young man in his actions,

on hand to aid Smith in cutting
the cake. Smith confessed that it
ha beena l nne time since he had

was an instructor in English from
1898 to 1901 and secretary of the
Michigan Alumni Association from

touch with the business life of the
University during the period of its
crca a- Y . Vmfa Y ','.l- tl .itl

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