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April 22, 1945 - Image 5

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-04-22

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U Students Toured Europe's
High Spots i Pre-War Days
Mental images of a cruise to Europe and sight-seeing tours of the
Continent were in the air, for both students and faculty members of the
University were anticipating such trips for the following summer.
That was in 1938. The Student's International Travel Association was
at that time sponsoring trips abroad. Bicycle and motorcoach tours
through England, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Scandinavia, Germany,

Switzerland, and Italy were making
zealous appeal to American students.
"Travel Industry Primed for Big
Season; Visitors Are Attracted by
Desires To See People, Places Mak-
ing History" headlined the April 3,
1933 Daily. Advertisements of five
tours, personally conducted by mem-
bers of the University faculty, encour-
aged liberal art and music students
to see the Continent in from 41 to
64 days.
Pre-War Europe
Feature stories that Neville Cham-
berlain was seeking the solution to
English problems, that France, in a
political turmoil, considered a "strike
more important than a franchise,"
that Czechoslovakia was confronted
with' 3,000,000 German soldiers, that"
Mussolini was leading a cheering sec-
tion of some 40-odd million Italians
while fascist powers throttled Spain,
that the totalitarian state of Russia
had made more changes in 20 years
than had any other country, that
German rearmament was a new em-
pire in the making-all these stimu-
lated a desire in University students
to get a first-hand review of histo-
rical, political, and social changes in
But the scene is different now. To
be sure,, students are still making
trips to Europe, but Uncle Sam is host
of the "ocean liner" which carries

them, to England and the Continent.
rhe tours are still conducted but this
ine by commanding officers instead
of University professors.
Gay Paris
And the places-yes, they are
:hangcd too. Paris, once gay, has
uio bright lights. Back stage of the
follics and the opera houses, baller-
nas and prima donas wear furs and
.oats over their costumes in order
o keep warm. Bicycles are the vogue
now, for gasoline is scarce. And
French cuisine is cut to almost K-
rations. Notre Dame, Louvre, Ver-
aaille, Cain all stand in the minds
of these GI "students," but the voy-
age lacks the' excitement, enthusi-
asm, and curiosity that'were preva-
lent in 1938.
German "P-Bell"
One of the most interesting places
visited by University students is
Heidelberg University, where the stu-
dents and faculties were said to have
been "extremely cordial to Ameri-
cans." The Schnitzelbank, Heidel-
berg's P-Bell, where carved initials
mark tables, chairs, and even remote
corners of the ceiling, may now be
a Yank hang-out, ringing with Am-
erican voices. "Don't miss the Black
Forest, the Valley of the Rhine," they
said. Like before, the Germans are
vishing they could eat those words.

Chinese Girls Reach' U' After
Arduous Trip from Far East

Allen Stresses
Value of War1
The fear of losing our "American1
Way of Life" in this war has resulted'
in the "production of twice as much
goods and resources as ever before,"
and has shown that "a victorious
nation can produce enough to spread
the salvaged American Way of Life
to Americans and help to spread it
through the world," Prof. Shirley W.
Allen of the forestry school said in
an interview. i
Because the United States still has
problemsof natural resources, capi-
tal, and labor, it must learn the les-
son in conservation taught by this
war, he added.
Speculation on what might have
happened if this country had not
been making a conscious effort to
conserve natural resources for the
last 30 years leads to a realization
of its importance. Had there been
no attempt to regulate the pro-
duction of petroleum, to grow for-
ests, to conserve soil, to harness
water, we might never have been
able to win this war, Prof. Allen
pointed out.
The value of scrap salvage is one
of the important lessons we have
learned and must remember, he said.
The re-use of any material made
from natural resource materials "re-
lieves the strain on actual natural
resources and on human effort,"
Prof. Allen added.
Few people realize, he said, that
rationing, "A" cards, homes heated
to only 68 degrees, salvaging of tin
cans and paper all led to conserva-
tion-"the kind of conservation that
spells good management of natural
For instance, Prof. Allen pointed
out, in the paper drive every 15
stacks of paper as high as a broom
handle that are salvaged, make it
pssible for a cord of pulp wood to
be left growing in the forest.
More than 7,000 log tons of tin
cans from Michigan alone had been
cleaned and used by detinning com-
panies by January, 1945. Washte-
naw County's contribution of 340
long tons would take the place of
two shiploads of iron ore and more
than half of another load, Prof.
Allen said.
The country which has natural
resources available through conser-
vation will be in a better position to
win a war with smaller loss of life
than will its poorer enemy, Prof.
Allen added.
Macbeth Is 'Found'
On Scottish Moor
It happened in English 60! The
class had finished its assignment in
"Othello, the Moor of Venice" and
was now beginning "Macbeth". Prof.
H. T. Price read a few lines aloud,
and then asked one student to ex-
plain what the heath was. The girl
looked perplexed. "Heath?" she ask-
ed. Then, suddenly the light broke;
she beamed. "Oh, heath. Heath,
that's the moor of Scotland!"
Ann Arborites Voted
Things were not always the same
in rock-ribbed Republican Ann Ar-
Research by Prof. Lewis G. Vander
Velde, of the history department,
proves that Washtenaw County vot-

ers can and did change their minds
on a national election-once.
Washtenaw County left the fold
of the Republicans once after the
party's inception, in 1864. That's
the year they picked to vote Demo-
cratic, and against Lincoln.
Bombs Blast Gap Near
No. 10 Downing Street
BRISTOL, April 21-(IP)-Prime
Minister Winston Churchill disclosed
today that German bombs had blast-
ed a "Hideous gap" in the British
Admiralty building-only a few hun-
dred feet from famed No. 10 Down-
ing Street-while he was looking on.
Churchill did not give the date of
the bombing.

Nine American Indians have at-
tended the University as holders of
the American Indian Scholarships
created in 1932 in recognition of a
land gift from five Indian tribes to
the University.
The gift was made in 1817 at the
Fort Meigs Treaty between repre-
sentatives of the Wyandottes, Sene-
cas, Delawares, Shawnees, and Pot-
tawottomies, and Lewis Cass, gover-

can McArthur. The Indians granted
six sections of land to be divided
equally between St. Anne's Church
at Detroit and the "college at De-
Indian Lands Sold
The "college", chartered in 1817 as
the * Catholepistemiad of Michigan,
became the University of Michigan
in 1821 and was moved to Ann Arbor
in 1837. The land given by the Indi-

nor of the territory, and Gen. Dun- ans was sold and the proceeds were

used for general purposes.
The creation of five American In-
dian Scholarships to repay this first
benefaction was approved by the
Board of Regents in 1932.
Must Be of Indian Blood
The conditions for receiving one
of the scholarships are to be of In-
dian descent, complete the regular
admission requirements, and be rec-
ommended by the Office of Indian

Affairs in the Department of the
Interior. Nine students have met
these conditions.
One scholarship holder, Arthur L.
Biggins,cJr., was graduated in 1942
with honors in political science and
was a member of the varsity debat-
ing team. He received Freshman,
Sophomore and Senior Honors and
was a member 'of Phi Kappa Phi and
Phi Beta Kappa.

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Nine Indians Attend cU' on Scholarships from Tribe Land Grants

Two years of waiting, a long ar-
duous trip by plane, rail and ship
from Chungking, China to Calcutta
and Bombay, India, and finally to
the United States has been the exper-
ience of four young .ladies who are
now attending the University doing
graduate work in Chemistry, Political
Science and Economics.
The four Chinese girls, all gradu-
ates of Chinese universities, took
competitive examinations given by
the Chinese government in 1942 and
had been waiting for transportation
in Chungking since that time. They
were finally given permission to take
a plane from Chungking over the-
"Hump" to Calcutta in November,
1944. From Calcutta they traveled by
train to Bombay where they waited
until Jan. 29, 1945, when they were
given passage on, a Navy transport
vessel. They arrived in Los Angeles
late in February.

Even though the young ladies were
anxiously waiting for transportation
they were not idle. Miss Kwen
Chen, 25, from Hang Chow worked
for a branch of the American Em-
bassy in Chungking. She was in
charge of the translation of Americanj
text-books that had been transferred
to microfilm. Miss Shen Chen, 30,
of Hang Chow graduated from Che
Kiang University in 1938 and since
then has been working for the Na-
-ional Bureau of Industrial Research.
The major part of her work was re-
search in the attempt to refine gaso-
line from Chinese Wood Oil.
Miss Yu Chuen Wang, 26, of Peip-
ing worked for an associatiQn of four
government banks in Chungking. She
will continue her schooling in the
'field of economics. Miss Ying Ying
Hung, 27, of Peiping worked as an
assistant in the Chinese National
University and also taught chemistry.'

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