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April 08, 1945 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-04-08

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

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Sir kjrn

tiattij

WEATHER
Cloudy, with Possible
Showers

I

VOL. LV, No. 116 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN SUNDAY, APRIL 8, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

nth

rmy

Tanks Outflank Strategic Hannover

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ap Fleet Crushed i East China Sea

I

Americans Hit
Nazi 'Fort Knox
Germans Are Helpless Against Yank
Surge in Final 'Battle of Decision'

S'

Nip Navy Caught Trying
To Stop Okinawa Attack
300 B-29's Bomb Tokyo Aircraft Plants;
Fighters from Iwo Jima Protect Mission

By RAY CRONIN
Associated Press War Correspondent
What may be the last strong ele-
ment of Japan's once mighty fleet
has been smashed in the East China
Sea by American carrier airmen.
This new disaster to the remnants
of Nippon's fighting sea power was
reported by Adm. Chester W. Nim-
itz Saturday as Japan's new cabinet
was formed in Tokyo to the tune of
Yanks Find
Gold. Bion
Third Army Captures
German Treasures
By The Associated Press
WITH THE U. S. THIRD ARMY,
April 7-The golden treasure of Adolf
Hitler's collapsing Reich-more than
100 tons of gold bullion, the curren-'
cies of many nations, and stacks of
priceless art works-was captured to-
day by the Third Army in an unex-
pected haul that may shorten the war
by robbing the German Army of its
payroll.
The stupendous cache, its full value
as yet undetermined but possibly
worth billions of dollars, was found
in a hidden salt mine at Merkers, 18
miles southeast of Hersfeld, when
two talkative German women spilled
the secret to military police.
All of Germany's Gold
Reichsbank officials on the spot
said the bullion represented "all the
gold in Germany, and the German
army gave some confirmation by try-
ing desperately to get back into Mer-
kers today with a heavy counterat-
tack in the Muhlhausen area 30 miles
north, in which the U. S. Sixth Arm-
ored and 65th Infantry Divisions
knocked out 40 enemy tanks and
smashed the attack.
Some 200 British prisoners of war
who had been employed in the mine,
which is called the Werks Kaiseroda,
said they had seen 20 ten-ton truck-
loads of gold unloaded in the mine.
Army), Navy
Cooperate In
Campu sRevue
Men from both branches of the
service stationed on campus will
combine their talents to present the
first Army-Navy Revue Wednesday
at 8 p.m. EWT (7 p.m. CWT) in Hill
Auditorium.
Starring Doc Fielding as master
of ceremonies, Sgt. Vernon Andei-
son of Army headquarters with a
routine of imitations, the 80-piece
Navy band and eight other acts, the
Revue represents the first time that
Army and Navy units have combined
their talents to present an all-cam-
pus show.
Proceeds will be offered to the
Army and Navy Relief Societies'. Both
coeds and servicemen have been
granted late permission to attend the
Revue, being permitted to remain
out until 11 p.m. EWT (10 p.m.
CWT).
Tickets may be obtained at the
USO, Union, League, local bookstores,
the hospital, restaurants and the
American Legion and VFW posts.
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today Prof. Percival Price opens
series of carillon recitals
at 3:15 p. m.
Today Fifth Annual Massed Or-
chestra concert presents
musicians from all over

demolition bombs loosed by Super-
fortresses in the greatest land-based
plane strike of the war against the
Nippon homeland.
Fighter Plane Protection
For the first time the B-29s, more
than 300 strong, were protected by
fighter planes from Iwo Jima as they
battered aircraft plants in the Tokyo
and Nagoya districts.
_ The Japanese fleet remnants, seek-
ing to break up the Yank invasion of
strategic Okinawa, only 325 miles
south of the Nippon home islands,
finally came from inland sea bases
to challenge the American armada on
Saturday (Japanese time) to be chal-
lenged by naval pilots from the Mit-
scher Task Force. The Flaming fight
was just 50 miles southwest of Japan's
Kyushu Island. The Nipponese lost
six warships. including the 45,000-
ton super-battleship Yamato.
Remainder Destroyed
An official naval spokesman in
Washington declared "A good 25 per
cent of the remainingdJapanese ma-
jor force was destroyed or put out of
action.
On the previous day the Japanese
sent raiding planes against the Okin-
awa invasion armada and shore posi-
tions. They sank three American de-
stroyers and damaged several de-
stroyers and smaller craft. Seven
Yank carrier planes were lost.
In 'the two daysof action 391 Jap-
anese planes were destroyed.
In addition to the Yamato the
Yank naval fliers sank a light cruiser.
a small light cruiser or large destroy-
er and three destroyers. Three de-
stroyers were left burning.
The very large Superfort task force
sent against the Japanese homeland
centered its attack mainly against two
aircraft plants at Tokyo and Nagoya.
The P-51 Mustang fighter escorts
from Iwo shot down 21 Japanese in-
terceptors, probably bagged six others
and damaged 10. Two mustangs were
lost.
Huge Battle
'Is Reported
CHUNGKING, April 7-(M-The
Chinese High Command reported
heavy fighting west of the Peiping-
Hankow Railroad today as Maj. Gen.
Claire L. Chennault predicted Rus-
sia's denunciation of the Soviet-Jap-
anese neutrality pact would result
in changes in both Allied and Jap-
anese strategy in the China theater.
Chennault, commander of the U. S.
14th Air Force, said in a press con-
ference atKunming that while the
Japanese had gained much ground
in China their communications were
precarious, and hundreds of thou-
sands of men had been thrown into
China battles who could have been
put to much better use in the Paci-
fic.
"We are grateful to the Japanese
strategists for hastening the end of
the war, he added.
The high command said Chinese
forces were battling the enemy in
three provinces west of the Peiping-
Hankow Railroad in an effort to
smash the current Japanese offensive
and at the same time to cut the vital
Canton-Hankow Railroad.
Norway Unbroken
Prof. Koella Says
Although five years ago tomorrow
marks the day when German troops
invaded Norway, the Nazis have not
broken the indomitable spirit of the
Norwegians, Prof. Charles E. Koella
of the Romance Language Depart-
ment said yesterday.
Taken by complete surprise at 2
a m Anril 9 140 Norway with

Slow Time
To Be Rule
On Campus
'U' Clocks, Class
Hours Are Changed
Conforming to the state directive
that all Michigan institutions shall
henceforward operate on Central
War Time, the University Regents
have authorized that beginning at
midnight today the University of
Until it is clear whether students
in general will operate on the fa-f
miliar Eastern War Time with Ann
Arbor or switch to the Central War
Time of the University, The Daily
will announce all times as both
EWT and CWT. If some club is tok
hold a meeting at a specified time,
it will be announced in The Daily
thus: The X club will meet at 5:30
p.m. EWT (4:30 p.m. CWT) today.
All times mentioned in The Daily
Official Bulletin, however, will be
Central War Time.
Michigan, being a state-operated in-
stitution will be regulated according
to Central War Time.
Although the University will op-
erate on Central War Time, Ann
Arbor in general will still be on
Eastern War Time, or fast time.
To avoid confuson then, the Uni-
versity will not only set its clcks
back an hour but will also set its
permanent schedules-office hours,f
class hours - back an hour too.
This means that students and fac-
ulty people will be doing things at
the same actual time they've beent
doing them for years, but they'llt
just call it soamething different. <
Under the new time system, stu-I
dents who have been used to gettingI
up at 6:30 a.m. to get to their 8,
o'clock classes will still be getting up1
at the very same time, although ac-
cording to University clocks they will
be getting up at 5:30 a.m. to get to a
7 o'clock.
Sororities, league houses and pri-
vate homes may continue to operate
on 'EWT or change tc CWT, which-
ever they choose, a statement from
the Office of the Dean of Women
points out. Military units on campus
will revert to CWT with the Univer-
ity.
University offices whose door in-
signia say they open at 8 a.m. and
close at 4:30 p.m. from now on will
be opening and closing at exactly
the same times, even though the
Dean's clock will say 7 a.m. and
3:30 p.m. Plays at the Lydia Men-
delssohn theatre will begin at 8:30
p.m. EWT (7:30 p.m. CWT).
Teixeira To Discuss
'Brazil' at Center
Dr. Egberto Teixeira, of Sao Paulo,
Brazil, will lecture at 7:30 p. m. today
in the International Center, accom-
panying the March of Time film,
"Brazil."
Dr. Teixeira, serving as United
States correspondent for Sao Paulo
newspapers, is doing work in inter-
American legal research at the Law
School.

LIVING AND DEAD IN FRANKFURT-German civilians walk along
a littered street in Frankfurt, passing their own soldier-dead, after
U. S. Third Army forces had cleared this area of the city.

By The Associated Press
PARIS, April 7--U. S. Ninth Army tanks outflanked Hannover today
in an 18-mile drive that swept across the Leine River 10 miles southeast of
the city and roared down the direct road to Berlin-140 miles ahead.
On their south flank the U. S. First Army crossed the Weser River at
numerous, points against light resistance and west of the stream was
locked in a raging battle with German--

MASSED ORCHESTRA:

Harrison Will Conduct

Guy Fraser Harrison, nationally
famous conductor and composer, will
direct the 180-piece Michigan Mass-
ed Orchestra in its fifth annual con-
cert at 4:15 p. m. today in Hill
Auditorium.
Conductor of the Rochester Civic
Orchestra and associate conductor of
the Rochester Philharmonic Symph-
ony Orchestra, Harrison has been a
member of the National Music Camp
faculty at Interlochen for several
years. He is also director of the
Eastman School of Music.
'U' Symphony To Play
Members of the Michigan Civic Or-I
chestra Association, in addition to
some 20 University Symphony Or-
Direet Plnl
Major Randolph W. Webster, Uni-
versity physical education instructor
in the '30's, is in charge of the physi-
cal reconditioning program for 6,000
patients at the largest convalescent
hospital in the United States, a letter
to T. Hawley Tapping, general sec-
retary of Alumni Association reveal-
ed.
Major Webster, as Chief of the
Physical Reconditioning Section, is
stationed at Wakeman General and
Convalescent Hospital, Camp Atter-
bury, Indiana. Under him is a staff
of more than 120 officers and enlisted
men who serve as supervisors and in-
structors.
Recently appointed Acting Director
of the Convalescent Training Divi-
sion, Major Webster coordinates the
Educational and Physical Recondi-
tioning and Occupational Therapy
Program for all 6,000 patients.

chestra players, will participate in
the program. A special feature of
the concert will be two harp ensem-
bles, playing special harp selections
as well as parts arranged for that
instrument in the orchestras num-
bers.
Lynn Wainwright Palmer of the
University will direct one group, while
the second quartet, comprised of per-
sonnel from the Michigan Harp Club
is headed by Velma Froude of De-
troit.
"Holiday For Strings"
"Holiday for Strings" and "Jazz
Pizzicato" will highlight the orche-
stra concert. The massed orchestra
will also perform Sousa's popular
march, "Stars and Stripes Forever,"
"Egmont Overture" by Beethoven,
Schubert's "Unfinished Symphony,"
"L'Arlesienne Suite II" by Bizet and
Delibes' "Intermezo," from Ballet
Naila.
First Concert in 1941-42
When the first large scale assembly
of all Michigan Civic Orchestras was
inaugurated in 1941-42, a total of
600 players were first expected to at-
tend. The actual number of parti-
cipants was cut in half, however, be-
cause of war demands and restric-
tions on transportation.
Marines Advance
n Okinawa Coasts
GUAM, Sunday, April 8-(/P)-Ma-
rines of the Third Amphibious corps
advanced 3,000 yards northward
along both coasts of Okinawa yester-
day morning against negligible resist-
ance but 24th Corps army dough-
boys ran into stiff resistance from
heavily entrenched Japanese in their
push toward Naha, the island capi-
tal, Adm. Chester W. Nimitz an-
nounced today.

troops held in their battle positions by
their pistol-pointing officers.
British Drive East
On the north flank the British Sec-
ond Army drove on east of the Weser
to a point 20 miles west of Hannover
as its tanks speared northward to
within 20 miles of the big port of
Bremen.
The U. S. Third Army struck the
tottering Reich a resounding eco-
nomic blow by capturing Germany's
"Fort Knox," an underground store-
house in Thuringia containing 100
tons of buillion-said to be all the
nation's gold reserve-and billions in
currency and art treasures.
At the same time, the Third Army
sha.tered the first big counterblow
aimed at its spearheads thrust within
130. miles of Berlin by knocking out
40 tanks in a melee west of Muelhau-
sen.
Nazis Seem Powerless
Bled white by disasters east and
west of the Rhine, the once-mighty
German army seemed powerless to
stem the big push on Berlin.
From the salient thrust up near the
North Sea southeastward for 300
miles to the Siegfried Line in the edge
of the Black Forest, this was the
front by front situation in what the
Germans themselves called "the bat-
tle of decision":
The Canadian First Army fanned
out 35 miles south of the -North Sea,
cutting road after road on the diked
lowlands of Holland which two hem-
med-in German armies must have fr
attack or retreat.
Aerial Seal-off
Allied planes clamped an aerial
seal-off on the 18-mile lane of re-
treat running up around the Zuider
Zee from Amsterdam and Rotterdam,
roaring out of the clouds and pound-
ing everything that moved.
The British Second Army in gains
up to 35 miles was quickly sealing the
fate of Bremen, seat of Germany's
once vast sea traffic, and was threat-
ening to cut off the Danish peninsula
and every enemy naval base on the
North Sea.
PieC
May Continue
Heads of Agencies
Consider Changes
WASHINGTON, Apr. 7-('P-Heads of
the war-born government stabiliza-
tion agencies jointly called tonight
for continuation of price and wage
controls well past V-E day.
They are needed to prevent infla-
tion, a statement released by the
White House said, until some un-
specified date when "the danger is
over.
At the same time, the officials call-
ed for consideration of changes that
must be made to prevent a postwar
collapse of values. Basically their
solution was high wages and low
prices when lessening war demands
reverse economic pressure.
Letter to FDR
The statement was in the form of
a letter to President Roosevelt on the
eve ofthe second anniversary of his
order to hold the line against infla-
tion.
Signing it were director William H.
Davis of the Office of Economic Sta-
bilization, Price Administrator Ches-
ter Bowles, War Food Administrator
Marvin Jones and chairman George
W. Taylor of the War Labor Board.
The letter was released at a time
when organized labor is adding new
pressure for easing of wage controls
and such business groups as meat
packers are attacking price policies
of the OPA.
Bill Approved
A bill to extend the price and wage

By The Associated Press
LONDON, April 7 - Rampaging
Red Army tank columns, in a 14-
mile sweep around the smoke-
shrouded Austrian capital, enoircled
the greater part of Vienna today and
battled in the streets toward the
city's cratered heart, Moscow dis-
closed tonight.
At the same time, Berlin reported
that tank spearheads had broken .23
miles through the Vienna woods west
of the capital, and were plunging
westward within 125 miles of Hitler's
mountain retreat at Berchtesgaden
in Bavaria.
Ford Morava. River
Soviet forces, converging on Vien-
na from three directions, also were
said by the enemy to have forded
the broad Morava River east of the
n Moscow's nightly communique an-
nounced that Russian troops had
driven 14 miles around the western
outskirts of Vienna, routing enemy
groupings in the Vienna Woods, and
had reached the Danube at Kloster-
neuburg, one mile from the city's
northwestern limits.
The swift surge iolated southern
Vienna, where 20 of the city's 21
districts are located, and cut three
of its vital esape routes - the rail-
road and highway to Linz and the
railroad to Prague.
Capture Vienna Suberb
The Russians also captured the
fashionable southern suburb of Mo-
edling and Pressbaum, seven miles
west of the city. The Nazi DNB
Agency admitted that the battle had
reached a "crisis" and a broadcaster
said: "We have not been able to
restore the situation."
Stepping up the momentum of the
attack on Vienna, the Second and
Third Ukrainian armies converged on
the oldscapital from the west, south
and east.
Reach Key Rail Junction
Marshall Feodor I Tolbukhin's
tank spearheads, van Hammer said,
had speared 23 miles through the
Vienna Woods to reach the key rail
junction of St. Poelten, 28 miles west
of the capital.
Reaching the Danube Tolbukhin's
men would cut all Vienna's commun-
ications westward and leave the city
with only seven of its original 22
railroads and highways.
Linguists Let
Ike' Do wn
In General Eisenhower's initial oc-
cupation proclamation, his translat-
ors let him down whey} it came to
German, according to Dr. Werner
F. Striedieck of the German depart-
ment.
The proclamation, printed in Eng-
lish and German, and signed by Eis-
enhower began as follows: "The Al-
lied Forces under my command have
now entered Germany. We come as
conquerors but not as oppressors."
The German sentence, "Wir kommen
als ein siegreiches Heer . .
when translated means, Dr. Stried-
ieck says, we come as a victorious
army, which to the German ear is
much milder than "eroberer," con-
querors.
Because Eisenhower's translators

Reds Encircle
Vienna.. Battle
For Center

Plunge Westward
To Hitler's Retreat

NEW MURDER THRILLER:
'Uncle Harry' Will Open Wednesday

The psychological murder thriller,
"Uncle Harry," with Byron Mitchell
in the leading role, will be presented
by Play Production of the Depart-
ment of Speech at 8:30 E.W.T., Wed-
nesday through Saturday in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Byron Mitchell was last seen in
Play Production's presentations,
"Skin of Our Teeth" and "Junior
Miss."
4..it - a b l

suspense from the 'Oeginning to the
end of the play. The results that
Unclh Harry expects with the suc-
cessful outcome of his plan turn.
about to make his punishment more
painful than death, and the audi-
ence can almost sympathize with the
gentle murderer.
Unfortunate Sisters
Uncle Harry's sisters, Lettie and
Hester,. his unfortunate victims, are

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