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April 06, 1945 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-04-06

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Supply Problem Paramount

WASHINGTON-Over in the Pentagon Build-
ing, the military problem which the generals
are watching and worrying about most today is
supplies. Actually it's not the production of
supplies on the home front which so much con-
cerns the Army, but getting them from the chan-
nel ports to the fast-moving Western Front.
If gasoline, bread and bullets can keep up
with the tanks and armored cars of Generals
Patton, Simpson and Hodges, then not much
in the way of German resistance is expected.
But the inside fact during Patton's last
lightning advance was that he ran out of gas
and supplies; and he stayed out of gas and
supplies for 12 long days. He was powerless
to move. That was the turning point in the
war last year.
This hitherto untold chapter of the Western
Front campaign occurred in September, after
Patton's spectacular tank dash across France
to the edge of Germany. It reveals one of the
sort spots in the European picture and one
reason why the military schedule, which called
for victory last autumn, got sidetracked.
General Patton, whom the Germans fear
most, had been rushed out ahead and was being
used as a decoy to divert attention from the 1st
and 9th Armies, which were scheduled to mass
against the more vulnerable northwest German
border. But ,Patton ran out of gasoline, and
had to wait, chewing his nails, with empty fuel
General Eisenhower ordered mountains of
supplies sent direct from the United States.
But although civilian production at home
got the blame, the real bottleneck was not
in the United States, but with the entire
distribution system in France. In fact, this
has been the subject of drastic inside in-
vestigation by top generals in the Pentagon
Red Ball Highwy...
IN THE LAST WAR, U. S. transportation in
France was under W. W. Atterbury, presi-
dent of the Pennsylvania railroad. In this war,
transportation and supply distribution have been
kept under pi'ofessional Army men. Instead of
recruiting railroad and trucking experts, two
West Pointers, Lieut. Gen. John Clifford Hod-
ges Lee and his deputy, Brig. Gen. Royal B.
Lord, took over the job.
Criticism of supply has been such inside
the Army that General Marshall ordered a
personal probe, and even Gen. B. B. Somer-
veil, in comand of services of supply, wrote
a critical four-page report and sent Maj. Gen.
Leroy Lutes to France to report on the situ-
ation. Lutes took with him a staff of colonels,
made a thorough survey, and submitted a
blistering report urging that the entire supply
set-up in France be revamped-including those
in command.
Endless meetings followed in the Pentagon
Building at which efforts were made to patch
up the mistakes. This was at the time when
an Army propaganda drive talked about failures
on the home front and said that men in the
front lines were left without supplies.
Meanwhile a representative of Time maga-.
zine was taken in General Lee's special airplane
for a tour of the supply front, and later pub-
lished a glowing description of the supply job.
That description, however, did not correspond.
with the highly critical report of General Lutes.
One criticism was that the much-advertised
"red ball highway" under Maj. Gen. Frank
S. Ross was not sufficient to carry war goods
from the channel ports to the front. Mean-
while, insufficient railroad troops and equip-
ment were brought to France to repair the
battered French railroads.
Night-Walker Biddle .. .
A YOUNG MAN with a radio in his car drove
up to an apartment house in Washington
called Dumbarton Courts-not far from Dumbar-
ton Oaks. He parked the car, went into the
apartment where he lived, undressed, and went
to bed.
Maybe he was drunk, maybe he was deaf.
Anyway, he left his radio on-and loud. There
it sat, blaring away into the night.
The house next to Dumbarton Courts is the
residence of the Attorney General of the Unit-

ByB ay Dixon
RUSSIAN TROOPS have entered Vienna, but
news reports say it ain't no waltz.
The Tokyo cabinet resigns on the day that
the Reds denounce their neutrality pact with
Japan. Let's hope that the new Nipponese
cabinet isn't able to talk Uncle Joe into re-
signing another pact. '
Item with sociological significance: Roger the
Lodger says that he knows a nice girl "even
if she doesn't smoke or drink."
These automobiles Which the manufacturers
are being permitted to make this year will not
go "chug chug." We understand that the
auto-magnates, to show their appreciation to
WPB boss Krug, are going to fix it so they go
"krug krug."

ed States, Francis Biddle. The Attorney Gen-.
eral was in bed-asleep. But he was awakened
pronto. So were other members of his fam-
ily. Nobody will testify as to what Mr. Biddle
said, but the chances are it was unprintable.
But what he did was much more effective.
He put on a robe over his pajamas, walked out
on the street, reached into the car, and switched
off the offending radio.
As he crawled back into bed, the Attorney
General of the United States was heard to
say, "there ought to be a law against things
like that!"
(Copyright, 1945, Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
American Attitude
SENATOR WHERRY, of Nebraska, says he
may not vote for a world organization after
all, because of the way Russia has been behaving.
It is -'time we examined this line of chatter,
which is almost exclusively American, and is
rarely heard anywhere else in the world. A
Briton who is displeased by some development
in world affairs, will say that he is displeased.
Period. That is all he will say. But among
some of us there still persists the thought that
if we are displeased by the world we live in,
we will pick up our marbles and go play some-
where else, perhaps on Mars or the moon. Some
of us are forever threatening to leave; we carry
property suitcases around with us, and waggle
our railroad tickets furiously at the rest of the
world. Only there is no destination printed on
The Senator's gag is an old one; the moment
the game gets a little rough, or he doesn't like
the way the score is going, he announces that he
is no longer a player, and has become a spec-
tator. He is off the field and back in the stands.
To hell with the game, he says. Goodbye.
Lei us face the fact that this peculiarly
American attitude is actually frightening to
the rest of the world, which is gaining the
opinion that we are a set of wistful and sensi-
tive characters, ever ready to walk solemnly
and in melancholy silence out of the room if
the wrong word be spoken.
Senator Vandenberg uses these tactics to a
certain degree, too. So far as I can find out,
he is the only member of any of the San Fran-
cisco delegations of any of the forty-four coun-
tries who is making loud pre-conference state-
ments as to what he is going to demand. The
only one in the whole world; every other dele-
gate on the planet has maintained a decent si-
lence, and is waiting to see what will come up,
and what can be done.
What sanctions does the Senator propose to
apply against all humanity in case the rest
of the world finds it doesn't agree with him?
He has only one weapon, the unspoken threat
that he will go home; he will refuse to vote
for the final treaty. The Senator's arrogance
can only be based on some inner feeling that
he has an alterntive; and in this he drama-
tizes America's elusiveness.
This unreal feeling that we have alternatives
obsesses us. We have little sense of the reali-
ties and urgencies of international meetings;
little sense that the President's predicament in
dicussing, say, voting arrangements with Rus-
sia, is our predicament, too. The President is
our representative in such discussions, but when
the mood suits us, we instantly part from him;
we become spectators, and we look down our
noses at him as if he were a completely free
individual. We act on the pretense that he
has the same freedom, working in Yalta, as an
editorial writer working in New Hampshire.
Something bad is happening as a result; we
have become the only' nation in the world in
which ratification of key instruments is a doubt-
ful issue. The world knows now that many of us
have the intense belief that we are ultimately
uninvolved, that we can always cut and run.
This feeling in us goes very deep. We enter
into solemn international conferences, during
which we carry on as serious and responsible par-
ticipants; but when they are over, our sense of
the reality of the rest of the world fades, and
we consider the results as if we are all alone

with our destiny.
We have yet to prove, for example, that
we can get an economic treaty, of any kind,
past the Senate, if it offends any particular
interest at home. We have not been able
to show that we can get Bretton Woods rati-
fled, if it offends some bankers; or the Mexi-
can water treaty ratified, if it offends one
state; or the Anglo-American oil treaty rati-
fied, if it offends some oil companies. The
world fades out; every issue becomes a home
issue; we are suddenly rich in alternatives that
don't exist; good-bye, world; nice to have
known you.
Ratification is an issue nowhere else; it is
only we who claim this peculiar privilege of
being in when we want to be in, and out when
we want to be out. That is one reason why a
pause has come over the development of world
unity; the world has stopped to look at us,
and wonder; it has the oddest feeling that we
are the big man who isn't there.
(Copyright, 1945, New York Post Syndicate)

THERE was only one piece of mai
in my box this morning, anda
business envelope at that. I drew i
out gloomily-a long, thin envelop
from the National Council for a Per
manent Fair Employment Practic
Committee, sent with the stam
carefully put on upside down-whic
I tenderly opened and, for lack o
more enticing correspondence. rea
in its entirety. The FEPC has lon
struck me as a both worthy an
necessary institution, but it. seem
that it now faces a crisis.
The organization's beginning cam
in 1941, when, in an effort to elimi
nate discrimination in war employ
mhent because of race, creed, color
national origin or ancestry, the Pres
ident's Committee of Fair Employ
ment Practice was established
Though it had great success, it wa
considerably weakened because of it
lack of legal authority to enforce it
orders, and in 1943 an effort wa
made to eliminate these weaknesse
at a conference which was held i
This conference was attended by
civic, union, and religious leaders
representing every race and creed,
and out of this group the National
Council for a Permanent FEPC
was established. In January, 1944,
the Dawson - Scanlon - LaFollette
bills for a permanent FEPC were
introduced in the House and by
the time the 78th Congress ad-
journed in December hearing had
been held and the bills were re-
ported out favorably in both House
and Senate Committees. In Janu-
ary, 1945, the bills were reintro-
duced in the 79th Congress, with
hopes for further progress toward
their eventual passage, and they
will soon come to the floor of
house and Senate for vote.
All herings in the Senate commit-
tee so far have been indicative of the
final success of the bill, unless the
threatened filibuster proves effec-
tive. Newsweek wrote in its February
f26 issue, "Southern senators already
are preparing to filibuster toadeath
the bill that would make permanent
the Fair Employment Practice Com-
mittee. One Senator is quoted as
saying: 'They haven't seen a filibus-
ter around here yet if that bill comes
If the bill is to be passed it is
very important that the filibuster
be prevented or at least endured if
prevention is impossible. For al-
ready overburdened senators, a fil-
ibuster is a test not only of endur-
ance but of conviction, and in such
a case the importance to a senator
of knowing just how strongly his
state feels about the issue at stake
cannot be over-emphasized. There
are two things which can be done
to combat the danger threatening
the Senate Bill 101. One is for the
senators to refuse to be worn out
by the filibuster, no matter how-
long it may last. The other is the
adoption of cloture, a rule to limit
In a situation like this, in which
the opposition's means are directed
entirely toward taking advantage of
the human, physical reactions of
men to nervous exhaustion, a man
must feel not only that by holding
out he is acting in accordance with
his own conviction, but that if he
were to weaken he would be directly
opposing the will of the people he
represents. The strength or weak-
ness of the pressure which public
opinion exerts will be the determin-
ing factor which will affect the ulti-
mate outcome.
In February Senator Taft of
Ohio introduced a, Senate bill to
establish a Permanent FEPC on an
investigatory and advisory basis
only, without enforcement powers,
which of course would entirely de-

feat the purpose of passing thej
Senate and House bills now ap-
proaching discussion. This danger{
of reducing the powers of bill now
thrieatens the House. It is feared
that followers of Senator Taft in
the House may try to use thisj
means of combatting the bill since
they cannot kill it with filibuster.
The bill has the sponsorship of
both major parties.
Thus, in both Senate and House
the vigorous and noisy support of the
people is most important to the
much-needed success of this struggle
Clothing Drives
HEN in the course of spring
cleaning you look over your
wardrobe and find a pair of shoes
that hasn't been worn in three years
and a sweater that doesn't go with
any of your new skirts, give a thought
to the clothing drives.
Allied war relief organizations can
always make use of your cast-off
clothing. Europe's shivering millions
won't mind if the styles aren't ap-
pearing in the current fashion mag-
-AnptM- a Cair

to set up a Permanent FEPC. If we
Al have even the remotest hope of pre-
a venting future wars we must do ev-
t erything in our power to see that
e racial and religious intolerance and
- discrimination are not allowed to
e flourish. This failure will mean that
p fighting the present war is not en-
h ough, to remedy the ills which caused
f it, but that there is at least one issue
d which will have to be fought about
g again. Treatment of minorities is
d one of the major issues over which
s l the war is being fought, and to allow
this bill to be swallowed up in the
e senseless garble of a filibuster would
-i be. to commit an unforgiveable in-
- justice against the men fighting ov-
, erseas and against anyone who has
- made a sacrifice in this war.
- This is not an issue which we
can in any pretense toward de-
s cency ignore. We must act-im-
s mediately, in large numbers, and
s for the passage of the bill. Write
S your congressmen. Make sure that
s they know just how emphatic' pub-
n lic opinion is. By such action and
only by such action the passage of
the bill'can be furthered because itj
will: (1) induce a favorable vote,
(2) encourage the supporters of
the bill to fight down the filibuster,
and (3) discourage the filibuster-
ing senators themselves. This chal-
lenge is the sore of thing which we
'will face after the war, and which
will shape the. post-war world, for
it is indicative of the way things
will be handled then. We cannot
fail this preliminary test. We owe
it to every man in our armed for-
ces and to ourselves.

Soviet Decision
RUSSIA renounced her neutrality
with Japan yesterday and the
world is busy trying to decide the
whys and wherefores of the move.
Does Russia, reasonably conservative
and shrewd government in diplo-
matic matters, sense an immediate
end of the war with Germany? Why
else would she open herself to pos-
sible attack on her eastern front by
Japan. Others question whether Rus-
sia will declare war on Japan imme-
diately following the April 25 con-
There is no doubt that Russia
will help the Allies merely by re-
maining out of the war and by
renouncing her neutrality. Japan
must maintain troops along the
Manchurian frontiers to be ready
for anything Russia may do or in
the advent of an actual declaration
of war. Just keeping a few thous-
and Jap soldiers off islands like
Iwo Jima or Okinawa would help
the United States.
We must realize that Russia has
played a clever game of diplomatic
relations. The German-Russo Non-
Aggression pact was merely a meas-
ure used to hold off any German
attack until Russia felt strong en-
ough to begin the aggression herself
or hold off any German attack.
It will be weeks or perhaps even
months or years before anyone un-
derstands the true reason or reasons
for the move that was made yester-
day. But Russia is our Ally and we
should respect her diplomatic judg-
ment. -Lois Iverson



VOL. LV, No. 114
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University.Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (11:30 a. m. Sat-
Change of Time: Effective at mid-
night Sunday, April 8, Central War
Time, one hour slower than Ann
Arbor city time (Eastern War Time),
will be officially adopted by the Uni-
versity. and at the same time all
officially fixed time schedules will be
moved back one hour. Thus classes
which have been stated as beginning
at 8, 9, and 10 a.m., Eastern War
Time, will henceforth nfeet at 7, 8,
and 9 a.m., respectively, Central War
Time, and corresponding changes
will be made for other class hours,
office hours, etc., throughout the
day. Announcements in the Daily
Official Bulletin, Weekly Calendar,
and other official publications after
April 8 will be made in terms of
Central War Time.
Grcup Hospitalization and Surgi-
cal Service: During the period from
April 5 through April 16, the Uni-
versity Business Office (Rm. 9, Uni-
versity Hall) will accept new appli-
cations as well as requests for chan-
ges in contracts now in effect. These
new applications and changes will
become effective May 5, with the first
payroll deduction on May 31. After
April 16 no new applications or
changes can be accepted until Octo-
bor, 1945.
School of Education Faculty: The
April meeting of the faculty will be
held on Monday, April 23, instead of
April 16 as originally scheduled.
i ----
Instructors are invited to attend
the special meeting of the University
Senate on Monday, April 9, at 4:15
p.m. (E.W.T.) in the Rackham Lec-
ture Hall for the purpose of receiv-
ing and discussing the report of the
Senate Advisory Committee, "The
Economic Status of the Faculty".
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: The civilian
freshman five-week progress reports
will be due April 7 in the Office of
the Academic Counselors, 108 Mason
Students, College of Literature,
Science & the Arts: Applications for
scholarships should be made before
April 14. Application forms may be
obtained at 1220 Angell Hall and
should be filed at that office.
To all male students of the Uni-
versity: There will be no refunds or
renewals on lockers purchased for
the Fall Term 1944-1945 at Water-
man Gymnasium or the Sports Buil-
ding after April 14, 1945.

these reports and transmit them to
the proper officers.
City of Detroit Civil Service: An-
nouncement for Marine, ;Operating
Engineer (Fire Boat), $3,381 to $3,-
864, has been received in our office.
For further information, stop in at
201 Mason Hall, Bureau of Appoint-
University Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information
University Lecture: Professor Ar-
cher Taylor, Professor of German,
University of California, will speak
on "Renaissance Scholars and Their
Books", Tuesday, April 10, at 4:15
p.m. (E.W.T.) in the Amphitheater
of the Rackham Building. The lec-
ture is under the auspices of the
Department of German. The public
is cordially invited.
Events Today
B'nai Brith Hillel Foundation: Hil-
lel War Service Committee Will meet
at 3 today. All interested Hillel
members are urged to attend. Tea
will be served.
Coffee Hour: All students are in-
vited to the Religious Association
Coffee Hour from 4 to 6 in Lane Hall
this afternoon. Professor and Mrs.
Wilber R. Humphreys will be the
guests of honor.
The Geological Journal Club will
meet in Rm. 4065, Nat. Sci. Bldg. at
12:15 p.m. today. Program: Profes-
sor W. H. Hobbs will speak on "Rem-
iniscences of American and Foreign
Geologists". All interested are cor-
dially invited to attend.
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet today at 4:30 p.m. in Rm. 319
West Medical Building. "The Por-
phyrins and the Porphyrias" will be
discussed. All interested are invited.
The April meeting of the Ann Ar-
bor Library Club will be a Sympos-
ium based on Fremont Rider's "The
scholar and the future of the re-
search library". Papers by C. Camp-
bell, E. Campbell, M. Drake, F. Ham-
man, S. Jonas and H. Walter. Dem-
onstration of reading machines for
use with films, Rm. 110, General Li-
brary, 7:45 p.m. today. This meeting
is open to non-members, if they are
interested in coming.
Coming Events
French Films: 3 French films "Men
of the Maquis", "The Liberation of
Paris" and "Next Time I See Paris"
will be shown Thursday, April 12 at
3:10 (University time) in the Kellogg
Auditorium, under the auspices of
the Cercle Francais. Those holding
'tickets for the series of French lec-
tures will be admitted free of charge.
Others may pay admission at the
There will be an important 'meet-
ing of all the members of the Michi-
gan Union Staff at 1:30 Saturday
April 7, in the Student Offices. If
you can't attend call any day this
week between 3 and 5 p.m.
"Target for Today", a full-length
film which records the bombing of








-Anneue anenxez

A Representittive from the Good-
year Aircraft Corporation, Akron, O.,
By Crockett Johnson will be in our office, Monday, April
9, to interview girls for their College
Staff Training Program: If inter-
ested, call Bureau of Appointments,
rprises can achieve quite o Univ. Ext. 371, for appointment.
no up its exaensive offices,

5 - 1

So O'Malley wants us to keep buying new
properties: Issue securities on them and
uy more new properties... It's risky, but-

Yes, gentlemen.
learn to think in


Biggar .







O'Malley Ente
saving by givir
The President c

can work here iust as welf.

1 11





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