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March 09, 1945 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-03-09

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III

~~VA2

AOF

41P

WEATHER
flear and Slightly

VOL. LV, No. 90 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, MARCH 9, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

A r erican

A=Wry

ahes

Across

Rhine

ti;

Reds Are 25
Miles from
Nazi Capital
Soviets Dive Nearer
Free City of Danzig
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Mar. 8.-Russian troops
fought their way within 25 miles of
greater Berlin today in an all-out
frontal assault which the Germans
said had reached the junction town
of Seelow in a ten-mile advance in
two days west of the broken Oder
River defense line.
The Soviet High Command com-
munique again ignored this vital
sector but announced that other
Soviet forces had rolled within seven
miles of the Pomeranian capital of
Stettin, main port for Berlin, and
within 12 miles of the former free
city of Danzig ,far to the northeast.
Reds Take Neuteic
Berlin announced that Russian
troops in a new offensive also had
crossed the Nogat River boundary
from East Prussia, reaching Neuteich,
19 miles southeast of Danzig, in a
seven-mile advance inside Danzig
territory north of fallen Marienburg.
The First and Second White Rus-
sian Armies together captured 360
towns and villages during the day,
including the Pomeranian stronghold
of Buetow, and the "Polish Corridor"
bastions of Koscierzyna and Skars-
zewy to the east, the Soviet commu-
nique said. Berlin said the Pomer-
anian junction town of Schlawe also
had fallen.
5,000 German Prisoners
Marshal K. K. Rokossovsky's Sec-
ond Army captured 2,000 of the 5,000
German prisoners taken during the
day and overran 300 localities on a
100-mile front between Schlawe in
the west and the Vistula River in the
east. A total of perhaps 200,000 Ger-
mans were caught in the trap around
Danzig, original estimates said.
Enemy broadcasts told of "terrific
fighting in the forefleld of Berlin"
as Marshal Gregory K. Zhukov's
tank-led First White Russian Army
infantry surged forward in an all-out
assault covered by broadsides from
massed Red Army artillery.
Two Towns on
Luzon Captured
Yanks Closing In on
Bulk of Jap Forces
MANILA, Friday, March 9-(P)-
American forces of the 33rd Division
drove 12 miles north along the west
coast of Luzon to seize the town of
Aringay, due west of the Philippine
summer capital of Baguio, while
Yanks on Luzon's south coast ad-
vanced 13 miles east of Balaywan
bay to capture Lemery.
East of Baguio, the 25th Division
was probing northward from Digdig
and Carranglan toward, the Balete
Pass, gateway to the extensive Gaga-
yan valley of northern Luzon. The
bulk of the remaining enemy garri-
son is believed to be in this area.
Capture of Lemery gave the Yanks
a firm foothold on the southern shores
of Luzon, just 30 miles across the
vital Verde island passage from Am-
erican-held Mindoro island.
The 11th Airborne Division and
the 158th Regiment of the Eighth
Army reached Balayan bay on Tues-
day. They moved eastward along the
fringe of the bay on a good highway.
East of Manila, in the bitterly-con-
tested Marikina watershed area, the
First Cavalry and Sixth Infantry

Divisions maintained active patroll-
ing of the front and continued steady
pressure on the flanks of the Shimbu
line, stretching along the mountains
from Antipolo to Wawa.
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today First International Cen-
ter Tea Dance Will Be
Held from 4 to 6 p. m.
Today President and Mrs. Alex-
ander Ruthven will be
guests at Student Reli-
gious Association Coffee
Hour at 4 p. m. today at
Lane Hall.
Today Victory Ball Dance, 9
p. m. at Intramural

McIntyre Will Play for
3,000 Students at V-Ball
Victory Dance To Present Striking Contrast
To Junior, Seniors Hops of Former Years

Manpower
Bill Leaves
U ::r House
Expect Opposition
For New Measure

Vandenberg Comments
On Problem of Poland
* * *

Nazis Caught
Disorgamzed

Tonight will mark the arrival of
Michigan's long-awaited Victory Ball
featuring the music of popular Hal
McIntyre and his orchestra from 8
p. m. to midnight in the Intramural1
Building.r
A crowd of more than 1,500 stu-
dents and their guests as well as
enthusiastic patrons, will fill the I.
M. building when the third annual
wartime edition of V-Ball will be
presented as the highfight of thes
semester's social entertainment.
Striking Contrast
In striking contrast to J-Hop and
Senior Balls which were held before
the advent of war, toniht's V-Ball
will not attempt to hide the fact
that the I. M. Buildings is not usual-
ly used for formal dances.
In addition, V-Ball, which has re-
placed these traditional dances of
former years, will be attended mainly
by servicemen and their guests. Army,
Navy and Marine uniforms will be
much in evidence and these will be
Miller's suggestion, started his pres-
Dr. Krassovsky
Will Address t
Alumni Today
Russian Sociologist f
Is Michigan Alumna
"Understanding the Russians" is
the topic of an address to be deliver-
ed by Dr. Collerohe Krassovsky to^ al
meeting of the Ann Arbor Alumni
Club at 2:30 today at the League.
Born in Constantinople, Turkey of1
Russian parents, Dr. Krassovsky is a
citizen of the United States, having
resided here since 1925.
'U' Alumna
An alumna of the University, she
received her B. A. degree in 1929
and her M. A. in 1931. Dr. Krassov-
sky is one of the few women to be
awarded the Ph. D. degree in So-
ciology since the founding of the
department here.
Having held teaching positions on
the professorial rank at the Universi-
ties of Virginia and Rochester, Sweet-
briar College and the College of Wil-
liam and Mary, Dr. Krassovsky is
now teaching at Wayne University.
Her great interest in the course in
Intercultural and Intergroup Under-
standing, which she is conducting in
the Graduate School of that institu-
tion, she expressed in a letter to the
University.
Conducts Program
Dr. Krassovsky is also conducting
discussion groups and lectures in the,
general program of Adult Education;
in Detroit on the topics of Intercul-
tural Understanding and the Russian,
People..
Dr. Krassovsky will be introduced
by Dean Alice M. Lloyd.
British Hang
First American
GI in Slaying
LONDON, Mar, 8.-(P)-r-A United
State parachute trooper was hanged
today on a British prison gallows for
slaying a taxi driver while one of
England's most familiar opponents
of capital punishment protested out-
ide the walls.
British prison officials and two
American Army officers witnessed
the execution in Pentonville Prison
of Karl Gustav Hulten, of Cambridge,
Mass. on his 23rd birthday, Hulten
became the first United States sol-
dier to be executed by British author-
ities.
In another prison, saved from a
similar punishment by commutation
-f sentence to life imprisonment,

was his co - defendant, Elizabeth
Jones, 18, a frail but pretty former
Strip tease dancer.
They were convicted of killing
taxi driver George Edward Heath-
"the man with the cleft chin"-who
was shot in a robbery. The body was
dumped into a ditch.

contrasted by the soft feminine for-
mals of their dates.
Since a considerable number of

the servicemen who will attend to- .,Iy'The Associated Press
night's dance have been students at WASHINGTON, Mar. 8.-The Sen-
other colleges, they will represent ate sent a completely remodeled
most of the key universities of the Manpower Control Bill back to the
country. House today, with all direct penalties
One of the highlights of tonight's aimed at balking employers rather
V-Ball will be the distribution of spe- than enIployes.
cial V-Ball Dailies which are publish- Jammed in the Senate two full
ed annually for the biggest dance of ,eeks, the substitute bill drawn by
the year. A second edition of the the Senate Military Committee was
Extra will be released on Saturday )blasted loose late today by a 63 to
and it will contain nunr1erois p plt ue 16 roll call vote. Thirty-nine Demo-
of V-Ball-goers. m mats, 23 Republicans and a Pro-
The first two Victory-Balls were giesive voted for the measure, seven
held during the between semester Democrats and nine Republicans
winter vacation, but this year it was against.
decided that the 1945 dance be held Reftisal Predicted
during the first week of the new The House is expected to refuse to
semester to enable a greater number take the Senate substitute, sending
of students to attend the ball, the legislation to conference with
Best New Band instructions to hold out for the Work-
McIntyre and his orchestra were or-Jail Bill the Representatives ap-
proved Feb. 1.
voted the best new band of the year
by Billboard magazine's poll of col-i The outcome there is doubtful.
lege editors and the band is schedul- Senate majority leader Barkley has
ed to make an overseas appearance said repeatedly that the Conference
in the spring. It is expected that the Committee will write the final ver-
tour will last six months and will set ion_ of the bill.
the pace for other nationally-known Shortly before the final vote, the
orchestras. Senate reversed a decision taken
McIntyre started out originally Tuesday and wrote back into the bill
with his own eight piece band, later a penalty of a year in jail or $10,000
joined Glenn Miller's band, and at fine for employers convicted of vio-
ent orchestra which has been gain_ lating employment ceilings which the
ing increased popularity. War' ]Manpower Commission chair-
man would be authorized to establish
Al Nobel Featured .wfor any tnd every place of business
Among those featured with the in the nation,
band are Al Nobel and Gloria Van.
Noble has had experience as a vocal- 0 -,Vote
ist on the networks and sang with The vote in favor of the penalty
Eddie Land and Carl Hoff's band today was 40 to 36. Tuesday a simi-
before joining McIntyre. lay clause was knocked out, 44 to 35.
The orchestra has played at such The Senate also adopted a amend-
outstanding spots as the Palladium, ment by Senator Morse (Rep., Ore.),
Glen Island Casino, Commodore Ho- a former member of the War Labor
tel and the Paramount and Strand card, which would give the Director
Theatres in New York. After com- of War Mobilization (James F.
pleting its overseas tour of hospitals, Byrnes) authority to set up tribunals
isolated outposts, and behind-the- for appeal of challenged regulations.
lines entertainment spots, the band The theories of the Senate and
intends to make its second motion House bill are almost squarely op-
picture. posed.
MOST WORTHY CAUSE:
Arm,/y Units-(HItCmp oraite
$826 to Red Cross War Fund

SEN. VANDENBERG
. . . Polish question
Army -heads To
Be JAG Guests
At Exercises
Thirty-One Classes To
Graduate Next Week
Three Army generals will be guests
of the JAG School when commence-
ment exercises are held here for the
21 Officer and 10 Officer Candidate
classs next Friday and Saturday.
Guests at the exercises will be Ma-
jor General Myron C. Cramer, Judge
Advocate General, U. S. Army; Ma-
jor General Russel B. Reynolds, Com-
manding General, Sixth Service Com-
mand;Brigadier General Arthur G.
Trudeau, Deputy Director of the Mili-
tary Training Division, Army Service
Forces; Colonel William H. McCar-
thy, Commanding Officer, District
One, Sixth Service Command, De-
troit; and Colonel Oscar Rand, Staff
Judge Advocate, Sixth Service Com-
mand.
This will be the first visit of Gen.
Reynolds to Ann Arbor and to the
JAG School.
Friday morning, the 74 members
of the graduating classes will parade
on the Law Quadrangle parade
grounds and will be present at a din-
ner to he held in the evening at
the Allenel Hotel. The guest officers
will also be at the dinner.
Gen. Cramer will deliver the gradu-
ation address at formal commence-
ment exercises which will take place
the following morning at Hutchins
dHall.
Student Lending
Librar Needs
Books Urgently
Students owning used textbooks,
which they no longer need, are asked
to bring them to the Student Lend-
ing Library, Angell Hall Study Hall,
as soon as possible.
Texts are urgently needed to fill
the requests of those students who
must borrow books in order to elect
many of their courses, a library offi-
cial revealed. A shortage of texts
exists in all fields.
Books brought to the Angell Hall
Study Hall Library are loaned to
needy students, who use the Lending
Library by permission of the dean of
their college or an academic coun-
selor.
Anyone interested in trying out
for Daily columnist should leave
three sample columns with the
editorial director, Margaret Farm-
er, by noon, Monday.

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, March 8-Senator
Vandenberg (R.-Mich.) declared to-
day that the American people will
support the Moscow three-nation de-
cisions on a Polish provisional gov-
ernment only if it is "a truly repre-
sentative coalition."
The Republican delegate to the San
Francisco World Security Conference
voiced to the Senate "complete ap-
proval" of British Foreign Minister
Anthony Eden's warning to the So-
viet-backed Lublin regime not to
molest supporters of the London Pol-
ish government.
U. S. Should Be Frank
Declaring that the American gov-
ernment "should be equally frank
about this situation," the Michigan
senator told his colleagues:
"There is no escaping the fact that
the treatment accorded Poland-sym-
bolizing generally the attitude of the'
United Nations toward our smaller
Allies in this war for liberation-will
have a large effect upon the success
of our ultimate plans for collective
security and organized peace."
Vandenberg said the "acid test"
of the Moscow government will come
when it is revealed whether General
Anders and the Poles who fought at1
Cassino, as well as General Bor and
his followers in the Polish under-
ground, are to have a home and
country under the new provisional
government.
Decisions To Pass in Review
Beyond that, the Michigan senator
said he thought the American people
want the expedient decisions of war-
time to pass in review at th peace,
table for "full, free, fair study and
for recommended correction."
"Expediency and justice frequently
are not even on speaking terms with
each other," he declared. "The hopes
of men for permanent peace cannot
subordinate basic justice to expedi-
ency."
A Curious Process
It is a curious process at best, he
continued, for an American, a Brit-
isher and a Russian to sit down with
no Poles present to create a govern-
ment for Poland.
"But the fact that we have im-
posed this trusteeship upon Poland
and are participating in it ourselves
simply accentuates and magnifies the
importance of our own share of this
responsibility to see to it that this
new provisional government is a truly
representative Polish coalition," he
declared.
State Senators
Extend Tenure
Measure Also Applies
To County Officials
LANSING, Mar. 8.-(A)-Proposed
Constitutional amendments to ex-
tend the terms of legislators and
county officials from two to four
years and move the state and county
elections to come between presiden-
tial elections passed the Senate to-
day.
A companion measure to give state
elective officials four-year terms also
was sidetracked until Tuesday after
Senate leaders thought they scented
a prankish move among the strate-
gically-located Democratic minority
to defeat that proposal.
The Democrats earlier lost an at-
tempt to fix the state and county
elections in 1948 and every four years
thereafter. Republicans said frankly
they desired to have the four-year
terms, if approved by the voters,
start in 1946 and change every four
years thereafter to avoid the presi-
dential election.
A Forest Practice Bill, generally
similar to one defeated two years
ago, was introduced in the Senate by
Senators Harry F. Hittle, Lansing,
George Girrbach, Sault Ste. Marie,
H. D. Tripp, Allegan, and Otto W.
Bishop, Alpena, all Republicans.

'U' Students Eligible
For Civil Air Patrol
University students are eligible to
become cadets in the Ann Arbor
Civil Air Patrol, Lt. Elizabeth Lam-
bert, cadet coordinator, said yester-
day.
CAP cadets receive pre-flight in-
cfrenirt i9 rh_ _ inh n n ci

In New Blow
Battling Yanks Face
Weak Resistance
By The Associated Press
PARIS, March 8-Thousands of
U. S. First Army troops, surging
across the Rhine south of Cologne,
drove east toward Germany's heart
tonight against surprisingly light
resistance after cracking the histo-
ric western barrier in a brilliant
coup heralding a speedier end to the
war.
The swift, sensational crossing
was the biggest military triumph
since the Normandy landings, and
was a battle feat without parallel
since Napoleon's conquering legions
crossed the Rhine early in the last
century.
Germans Disorganized
It caught the Germans so disorgan-
ized that they met the assault waves
with only scattered artillery and mor-
tar fire, and they were quickly driven
from strategic positions. The Allied
High Command kept them confused
by withholding the momentous news
for 24 hours.
The Luxembourg radio broadcast
without official confirmation that the
Americans crossed at Remagen, site of
the great Ludendorff doubletrack rail-
way bridge, 28 miles southeast of Co-
logne and 12 miles southeast of Bonn.
(Brussels radio carried the same re-
port).
Censorship on Yank Crossings
Tight censorship prevented pin-
pointing the location of the crossing
and Supreme Headquarters late to-
night still permitted, only the barest
details to be disclosed in the hope of
throwing the Germans off the scent
except those immediately brought to
battle.
(Supreme Headquarters imposed its
blackout on the First Army's south-
ern wing yesterday after permitting
disclosure that armored units were 10
miles south of Bonn, which would
place them in the area of Remagen.)
Eisenhower Sends Congratulations
Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges struck
boldly while the Germans still reeled
under tempestuous Allied blows that
had driven them back to the east
bank. Gen. Eisenhower sent warm
congratulations to every soldier in the
First Army, declaring;
"The whole Allied force is delight-
ed to cheer the First United States
Army, whose speed and boldness have
won the race to establish the first,
bridgehead over the Rhine."
Already the bridgehead was nearly
out of small arms range, a front dis-
patch said, and Associated Press cor-
respondent Don Whitehead reported
the Americans were fanning out
swiftly, seizing strategic positions and
driving to get the crossings out of ar-
tillery range.
Berlin 280 Miles
The Americans burst across the
river-never crossed in battle since
Napoleon's day-at a point about 280
miles from Berlin, hurdling in one
giant stride what the Germans
throughout their history have regard-
ed as an impregnable moat and a
symbol of Teutonic greatness.
* * *
Rhine Crossing
Described by
Eye Witness
By HOWARD COWAN
Associated Press Correspondent
ACROSS THE RHINE, Mar. 8.-
Troops of the American First Army
of Lt.-Gen. Courtney H. Hodges
swept across the Rhine River late
yesterday and were firmly entrenched
on the east bank tonight after severe
fighting.

Three counterattacks were hurled
at the bridgehead last night and one
of them at 2:30 a.m. drove the Ameri-
cans out of a command post and 500'
yards up the river before they re-
formed and threw the enemy back.
"They had a 20 mm. gun they
were using on us," said Lt. Lyman
Smith, Jr., of East Ave., Naples,
N.Y., "but we have got that knock-
ed out now."
The crossing itself was one of the

"Men who had seen overseas ser-
vice were most enthusiastic in their
donations to the Red Cross War,
Fund Drive," Captain C. P. Atkinson,
commanding officer of Co. G, said
today, as he reported a total of $826I
contributed by the seven Army units"
stationed on campus.
Since all units have not turned in
their reports, the figure is partial,
but the contributions are expected to
reach a total of $1,400 at the end of
the drive, which will run through-
out the month of March.
There have been no figures on the
results of the campus drive, which
got under way today, but it is hoped
that the quota of $5,500 set by the
League and the Union will be filled.
The League, under the direction oft
Deborah Parry, '45, will solicit $4,000
Col. Young Is Judge
Advocate in China
Col. Edward H. Young, former
Commandant of Army forces in Ann
Arbor and of the JAG School, is
now in Chungking, serving as Judge
Advocate for China Theatre, it was
announced recently.
Col. Young was recalled from his
duty in Ann Arbor during the Fall
semester for reassignment.

of the total quota, which means that
each woman on campus should give
at least $1.25. Stockwell Hall, as
the largest dorm with approximately
400 residents, will contribute as its
goal $500, and Mosher Hall, the sec-
ond largest dorm, should collect $275
in its campaign.
The Union staff, under the direction
of Tom Donnelly, A/S, will solicit all
civilian men's residences for the re-
mainder of the quota.
Dean ursley Comments
On Vital Red Cross Aid
There can be no question as to
the part which the Red .Cross is
llaying in the war. Both in this
country and overseas, in camps, in
hospitals and at the rest areas,
Red Cross workers are giving in-
valuable help in maintaining the
morale of our men in the Army,
Navy and Marine Corps. Their
wark with the blood bank, the
motor corps service and in making
surgical dressings is well known to
all. I hope that every student in
the University will take advantage
of the cpportunity now offered to
assist in the work of the Red Cross
by givinn what he or she can in the
current drive.
-Joseph A. Bursley,
Dean of Students

'EDUCATIONAL PROBLEMS':
Former Texas U'President Speak Here

Nationally-known educator Dr.
Homer Price Rainey will discuss "Ed-
ucational Problems in the South" be-
fore a meeting open to the entire

Speaking before the faculty of the
University of Texas at the height of
the controversy involving himself and

ardized the position of the Univer-
sity in that its faculty would not feel,
that their positions were secure nor

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