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March 30, 1945 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-03-30

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Elatt

WEATHER
Fair and Somewhat Cloudy
Little Temperature Change

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VOL. LV, No. 108 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Yanks Knife

55

Miles

Deeper

into

Reich

Good Friday
Rites To Begin
Today at Noon
Church To Hold
Union Services
Good Friday services will be held
from noon to 3 p.m. today in the
First MethodisthChurch under the
sponsorship of the Ann Arbor Min-
Isters' Association, and will consist
of three continuous hours of worship.
The first hour will be a musical
program, arranged by Hardin Van
Deursen and under the direction of
choir directors from three of the par-
ticipating churches. Mrs. Frieda Vo-
gan, organist at the First Presbyter-
ian Church, will be the accompanist.
Selections will follow the five sta-
ges in the life of Christ, and repre-
senting the Nativity sequence will
be a violin solo of Schubert's "Ave
Maria" by Bernard Mason. "A Leg-
end" by Tschaikowsky, will make up
the Childhood stage and will feature
Dorothy'Smith as soloist. Hope Baer
Eddy will sing "Sermon on the
Mount" by Besly as a part of the
Ministry stage, while Ruth MacNeal
will conclude that sequence with
Malotte's "The Lord's Prayer".
"God, My Father, Why Hast Thou
Gov. Kelly's Good
Friday Message . .
LANSING, March 29-(IP)-The
following Good Friday statement
was issued today by Governor
Kelly:
Tomorrow-the Good Friday of
1945-It is my hope and belief
that our citizens will pause in
theirlabors to thank God for our
successes in battle - to express
their prayerful hope that final
victory will be achieved with a
minimum loss of our treasured
youth-to ask God for help in
meeting our tests at home in such
a way to reflect the courage and
fortitude of our boys on the fight-
ing front."
Forsaken Me?" will be sung by How-
ard Farrar for the fourth stage of
Crucifixion, and Geraldine Huey, will
complete that stage with "Were You
There When They Crucified My
Lord?" by Burleigh
The fifth and final sequence of
Resurrection will feature Dorothy
Steffes, who will sing Handel's "I
Know That My Redeemer Liveth",
and Harriet Boden will conclude the
first hour of worship with "My Re-
deemer and My Lord" by Buck.
The second hour will be conducted
by the Ann Arbor Youth Council, and
the final hour from 2 to 3 p.m. will be
in charge of Rev, H. L. Pickerill of
the Congregational Church, and the
sermon on "Forgiveness" will be giv-
en by Dr. J. Brett Kenna, pastor of
the First Methodist Church. Irene
Applin Boyce will preside at the or-
gan during the two last hours of the
service.
For Additional Church Services See
Page 2
Cave-In Kills
James Ulrichi
James Ulrich, 14, son of Fred Ul-
rich, local bookstore owner, was suf-
focated yesterday when a tunnel he
and two companions were digging in
a hill behind 'U' Hospital caved in
on him.
John Smith, 15, and Thomas Mur-
phy, 14, unable to rescue the Ulrich
boy from beneath the sand, summon-
ed aid from the hospital.

CAMPUS EVENTS
Today (Through March 31) "Gra-
nd Illusion", French prize,
winning film with Eng-
lish sub-titles presented
at 8:30 p.m., Lydia Men-
delsshn Theater.
Today Application to take Grad-
uate txaminations due at
information desk, Rack-
ham Building.
Today Lane Coffee Hour to be
held from 4 to 6 p.m.
Today Trinity, Zion, University
Lutheran Chapel and Me-
thodist Church to con-
d,,t Cron ria.,. ries

Threaten Total
Isolation of Ruhr
British Second Races to Within 68 Miles
Of Junction with Advancing U. S. First
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Friday, March 30-Tanks of the U. S. First Army, scattering
all resistance on a dazzling 55-mile sweep, roared up within 186 miles
west of Berlin yesterday and all but cut the Ruhr basin from the rest of
Germany, thereby robbing the enemy of his last great source of war
material.
The British Second Army raced across the north German plain
under a news blackout, was at least 41 miles east of the Rhine by last
account and was within 68 miles of a junction with the First Army..
Between the two armies were thousands of Germans in disordered flight.
While the northern defenders of Berlin's approaches reeled under
these tremendous blows, the U. S. Third Army slashed almost half-way
across Germany's waist with a 20- C * * *

i

GERMANY'S SHfUNKING DOMAIN-Black areas indicate territor y held by Germany at the peak of the Wehrmacht's conquests but
since lost. Shaded region is territory remaining under German control.

(AP Wirephoto Map)

ON THE BLUE DANUBE:
Fying Red Columns Race Towards Vfrnna

By The Associated Press
LONDON, March 29-Marshal Sta-i
lin announced tonight that rampag-
ing Red Army flying columns, streak-
ing 20 miles across Hungary, had
reached the Austrian frontier, and
the free Austrian radio said the Rus-
sians already had invaded that gate-,
way to Hitler's southern mountain
fortress.
Tearing through shattered enemy
defense lines and driving within 43
miles southeast of Vienna, Marshal
Feodor Y. Tolbukhin's armored for-
ces captured the border town of
Koszeg, 52 miles south of the cap-
ital, and toppled the key Hungar-
ian rail city of Szombathely.
Capture of Szombathely cut a main
supply and communication line be-
tween Vienna and Italy and carried
the Red Army within 175 miles of the
Italian border.
In a second order of the day,
Marshal Stalin announced that
Marshal Alexander M. Vasilivsky's
Third White Russian Army had
completed the liquidation of the
coastal pocket in East Prussia
southwest of still-embattled Koen-
French Film
To Be Shown
'Grand Illusion' Will
Be Presented Today
"Grand Illusion," French film pres-
ented by the Art Cinema League, will
be shown at 8:30 p. m. today and
tomorrow in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre.
The film stars Jean Gabin and Eric
von Stroheim, popular Hollywood act-
ors, and was chosen "best film of
the year" by the National Board of
Review. The French production has
English subtitles, and French stu-
dents are urged to make use of this
opportunity to study the active use
of the language.

igsberg, killing and capturing 130,-
000 enemy troops in 18 days.
Radio Luxembourg, quoting Swed-
ish dispatches, said a state of emer-
gency had been declared in Vienna
as an avalanche of Russian tanks,
mobile guns and infantry swept
toward the-city. Vienna, the greater
Reich's second city with a population
of 1,930,000, is a big industrial center.
Supported by Soviet planes fly-
ing 5,000 sorties and blasting enemy
strongholds ahead of the onrush-
ing Soviets, two Russian armies
were plunging through broken en-
emy lines along both the north and
south banks of the Danube.
On the Danube's north bank, Ber-
lin said that the northern wing of
Marshal Rodion Y. Malinovsky's Sec-,
ond Ukrainian Army had lunged 17i
to 25 miles west of' the Hron river,
reaching the banks of the Nitra river
Visitting Judge
Advocates Will

See

Willow Run

Following a morning conference on
military law today, the 22 visiting
judge advocates, here on a three-day
inspection of the JAG School, will
visit the Willow Run bomber plant.
Returning in the evening, they will
be guests of honor at a reception
being held for them by the Interna-
tional Center and the JAG School
faculty and staff at the Intcrnstional
Center.
Before leaving Ann Arbor, Satur-
day, the visitors will visit the Legal
Research Library. After an inspec-
tion and lunch at the River Rouge
plant, they will be guests of the
Detroit Athletic Club. They will have
dinner at the Latin Quarter, Detroit,
leaving later in the evening for the
next military installation on their
itinerary, Ft. Benjamin Harrison, Ind.

at a point 47 to 52 miles east of
Bratislava in a powerful new offen-
sive.
On the Danube's south bank, Tol-
bukhin's army and the southern
wing of Malinosvky's Army group
were forging attacks on Vienna
through the Bratislava gap between
Bratislava city and the north shores
of Neusiedler See (the sea of Vienna)
and also around the southern end
of the lake.
Quotes Nearly
Completed in
Red Cross Goal
The Red Cross War Fund went into
the last two days of the annual
membership drive today with quotas
completed or almost filled.
In the local drive, Ann Arbor has
turned in 114 percent of its quota
of $79,100. Washtenaw county has
collected 119 percent of the county
quota of $134,300.
University personnel and faculty
went over the top with a total of
$5,834, exceeding their quota set at
$4,500. The special 'U' quota, which
includes contributions from the staff
at University Hospital, the League,
and the Union, is yet to be filled.
The drive will continue through to-
morrow, at which time the final totals
will be announced.
ADOLPH'S ACE?
Nazis Develop
Secret Weapon
PORTLAND, Ore., March 29.--(IP)
-A member of the Dutch under-
ground declared today that the Nazis
do have a secret-and deadly effec-
tive-weapon.
Jacob Van Berkel, here under aus-
pices of the Netherland Information
Bureau, told an interviewer that the
European front is now a race be-
tween victory for the Allies and Ger-
many's resort to the ultimate wea-
pon-"so powerfully destructive it is
almost inconceivable.
"The new weapon, a tiny gadget
which could be placed in a rocket
bomb, may be launched with com-
plete effectiveness against the con-
tinental United States," Van Berkel
said.
He declared that the Germans are{
saving it for a last stand, probably
in the Bavarian Alps. "They are
confident that their secret weapon
will wipe out civilization and save
them at the very end.
Arl i <rp rtitirri li-rtr t mfan

Fines Imposed for
Ident 'Tampering'
By action of the University
Discipline Committee, approxi-
mately 300 student identification
cards have been withheld subject
to a $2.00 fine, because of tam-
pering with birthdates as shown
on the cards. Dean of Students
Joseph A. Bursley reported yester-
day.
30 of this number have already
been reclaimed by the owners, he
said. Altogether, more than 1,000
identification cards have not yet
been called for. Cards for trans-
fer students, first semester fresh-
men, and students not enrolled
during the past two semesters are
now ready for distribution in Rm.
2, University Hall.
Real Fight Due
In Senate on
Manpower Bill
WASHINGTON, March 20-IP)-L
Two top-flight administration senat-
ors told President Roosevelt today the
Manpower Control Bill is in for a
real fight" in the Senate.
Majority Leader Barkley and Sen-
ator Thomas (D.-Utah), leader of
Senate forces backing the compro-
mise bill, made no attempt to hide
from the chief executive the obvious
fact that the bill, passage of which
he urged yesterday, is in a very shaky
condition.
The bill which cleared the House
by a scant seven votes and has been
before the Senate two full days would
authorize War Mobilization Director
James F. Byrnes to freeze any or all
workers to their jobs, prescribe em-
ployment ceilings for individual
plants, and regulate or prohibit hir-
ing of new workers, allunder penalty
of a year in jail or $10,000 fine.
Opposition to the bill grew more
outspoken as the members-particu-
larly the junior group-began'to real-
ize there was a possibility if not a
probability it would be defeated. The
administration obviously was spar-
ring for time. Numerous members
were out of town, and it was doubtful
they could be brought back before
the showdown.

mile eastward surge that netted a
total of 14,000 prisoners, a record
for one day.
All Germany's great western cities,
her last reliance in any long-drawn
struggle, were toppling into Allied
hands.
Already the Third Army had
Frankfurt, the Reich's ninth largest
with a population of 546,000, the U. S.
Ninth Army had Duisburg, popula-
tion 431,000 and Europe's biggest river
port, almost in the bag, and the U. S.
Seventh Army captured Mannheim,
population 283,000.
The Germans, realizing the enor-
mity of the disasters in the west,
wrote off as lost the entire Ruhr, with
such manufacturing cities as Essen-
greatest munitions maker of all Eu-
rope-Hamm, Dortmund, Dusseldorf
and Muelheim.
The First Army cut one of the
most important railways from Essen
to Berlin as well as a superhigh-
way, leaving only two railways still
open out of the Ruhr to the capi-
tal,
(Luxembourg Radio said the Brit-
ish had entered the Westphalian cap-
ital of Muenster, cutting one of these
railways. There was no confirmation,
but hard-riding British tanks were
only 17 miles away when the news
blackout was clamped on.)
The U. S. First Army reeled off the
longest gain ever made in a single day
on the Western front, sweeping
around the headwaters of the Ruhr
River, and completely outfianking the
vital production center.
Running roughshod through de-
moralized German defenses, the
hard-hitting columns knifed to a
point 10 miles south of Paderborn,
43 miles almost due east of the big
city of Hamm, rear door of the Ruhr.
They apparently were across the
Ruhr-Berlin superhighway.
This put them but 67 miles
southwest of Hanover, and well
out in front of the onrushing Brit-
ish Second Army, which was driv-,
See GERMAN FRONT, Page 2
auch Arrives
At British Isles
LONDON, March 29-(P)-Bernard
M. Baruch, personnel advisor of Pres-
ident Roosevelt, reached London to-
day reputedly to discuss plans for
the occupation of Germany with
Prime Minister Churchill, who as-
serted that the hour of success was
near.
Members of the British War Cabi-
net were ordered to remain close to
their posts over the four-day Easter
holiday and it was learned that ar-
rangements had been made to call
Parliament back into session immedi-
ately if the German collapse should
come during Parliament's eight-day
recess.
Churchill's optimistic prediction
was made in a letter endorsing a lib-
eral candidate for Commons in a
special election to fill a vacancy.

Hitler Plans
Escape Refuge
In Mountains
Prepares Bastion for
Loyal Nazi Followers
By CHRISTER JAEDERLUND
Associated Press Correspondent
STOCKHOLM, March 29.- 'The
American - British sweep eastward
through Germany may hasten a de-
velopment which many Germans
have long expected. This is the with-
drawal of Adolf Hitler, his lieuten-
ants and fanatical Nazi followers
together with the flower of Nazi-
educated German youth into the
mountain bastion of southern Ger-
many.
In the next few days there may be
a thrilling race to this southern for-
tress in wich the speed of the Allied
advances from west and east will be
an important factor.
From German sources during my
stay in Berlin I received this account
of Hitler's reported plan:
Previous Preparation
The area of the Bavarian Alps and
the Tyrol long has been prepared for
defense. Months ago Hitler formu-
lated plans for a great final battle.
The troops and their commanders
already have their orders. Members
of all party organizations know their
places in the final struggle.
Southern Germans often have told
how mysterious columns of trucks
rolled day and night through sealed
mountain areas. Masses of concrete
have been carried in and huge am-
munition and supply dumps estab-
lished.
Foreign Labor
In many villages last year the peo-
pl, were frightened by the appear-
ance of great numbers of foreign
laborers building bunkers. This was
interpreted as meaning that Hitler's
headquarters soon were to be estab-
lished near their home town. Actual-
ly what they were seeing was the
building of a new link in a vast forti-
fication system developed in expec-
tation that the war finally would
move into Cermany's southern prov-
inces,
Before this final mountain stand
Hitler expects to lose many troops.
He will throw off that part of Ger-
many which is unwilling to join the
last battle.
Gathering in Mountains
The Germans say the whole Nazi
party with all their families and fol-
lowers of the European new order are
gathering in the mountains.
Mass Borh bingl
'to Be Kept Up
Allied Planes To Maul
Nazis Until VE Day
LONDON, March 29-(A)-Allied
warplanes will keep mauling Ger-
many until all Nazi resistance is
crushed, but with their target area
shrinking so rapidly it appeared
doubtful tonight that the aerial war
ever again would reach this month's
prodigious scale.
Air Power Hits Peak
March will go down in the history
books as the crowning month for
airpower in the war over Europe.
Not only have all tonnage records
been shattered, but in preparing the

'MIRACLE DRUG':
Dr. Ralph Bennet Will Discuss
Penicillin at RackharnToday

COAL MINERS' DISPUTE:
Lewis Rejects Sec. Perkins'
Proposal for New Contract
- -

"Commercial Production of Peni-
cillin" from fermentation of the mold
to final packaging will be discussed
by Dr. Ralph Bennet, a research
worker with Commercial Solvents
Corporation, Terre Haute, Ind., in
an illustrated address sponsored by
the botany department at 4:15 p.m.
today in Rackham, Amphitheater.

man," according to Prof. Kenneth L.
Jones of the botany department.
This mold, which was formerly
considered wasteful, has more than
redeemed itself by proving more ad-
vantageous than any other treatment
in such infectious- diseases as cer-
tain types of pneumonia, meningitis,
gas gangrene, osteomyelitis and oth-
er wound infections as well as the

WASHINGTON, March 29. -(IP)-
Secretary of Labor Perkins announc-
ed tonight after a series of confer-
ences with John L. Lewis and the
bituminous coal operators that the
latter had rejected her last minute
proposal for a new contract=
..t l-n-

after rejecting her proposed new con-
tract to replace the one expiring
Saturday at midnight, had also re-
fused to agree on a plan for extend-
ing the current agreement for 30
days.

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