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March 20, 1945 - Image 6

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-03-20

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_ _

'U' Men Record First Microscopic
Three-Dinensiona Virus Pictures

W imlls asnd WykoHf isoate Tobacco
Mosaic as Step to Further Disease Study

Significant progress in the war
against disease carriers has been
made as the result of experiments
by Dr. R. C. Williams of the astron-
omy and physics departments, and
Dr. W. G. Wykoff of the School of
Public Health, with the use of the
University's powerful microscope to
record the first three - dimensional
large-size photographs of tobacco
virus, a virus disease attacking to-
bacco plants.
Choosing tobacco mosaic because
this virus consists of a single mole-
cule, these men have succeeded in
developing pictures that describe not
only length and width, as in old-

style photographs, but also thick-
ness. Knowing three dimensions, the
actual shape of the molecule and the
virus can be computed.
"We're using tobacco mosaic,"
explained Dr. Williams, "not be-
cause we're interested in growing
tobacco, but because it is the first
and simplest member of the virus
family to be isolated. We're inter-
ested in the virus family-agents of
infantile paralysis, smallpox, virus
pneumonia, influenza, and proba-
bly the Commou cold. Since these
virses contain several molecukes,
our knowledge of the single mole-
cule of tobacco virus is invaluable."

Binder ToDiscuss Jewishi Life
In Jewish Music' in New Series

Lecture, Sponsored by SRA and Music
School, To Be First on Sacred Works

The first in a series of three lec-
tures in sacred music, co-sponsored
by the School of Music and the Stu-
dent Religious Association, will be
held at 8:30 p.m. tomorrow in Kel-
logg Auditorium when Prof. A. W.
Binder will speak on "Jewish Life in
Jewish Music."
Prof. Binder, who is head of the
department of Jewish Music at the
Jewish Institute of Religion, New
York City, will be honored at a din-
ner at the Allenel Hotel preceding
the lecture. Guests attending will
be Rabbi and Mrs. Jehudah Cohen,
Prof. and Mrs. Palmer Christian,
Dean and Mrs. Earl V. Moore, Prof.
and Mrs. W. A. McLaughlin, Allene
Golinkin, Joyce Siegan, Les Hetenyi,
and Martha Taylor.
U S. Rubber Co.
Strike Settled
DETROIT, March 19 --P-- More
than half of the 4,000 striking em-
ployes at the United States Rubber
Co. plant, members of the United
Rubber Workers (CIO), returned to
their jobs here today when threat-
ened with disciplinary action by their
Production of military tires was re-
sumed on a curtailed scale after the
work stoppage which started last
Thursday over the discharge of John
Cummins, Secretary of the Plant
Grievance Committee.

Besides his position at the Jewish
Institute, Prof. Binder is Musical Di-
rector of the Ninety-Second Street
Young Men's Hebrew Association in
New York City and Choirmaster of
the Free Synagogue, Carnegie Hall,
of which Dr. Stephen S. Wise is the
Because of Prof. Binder's lecture,
the Regular Wednesday Music Semi-
oar, .conducted by Les Hetenyi, will
postpone the playing of Beethoven's
"Missa Solemnis" until March 28, in
order thatdmembers of the Seminar
may attend the lecture.
Succeeding lectures on April 18 and
May 2 will feature Dr. Helen Dickin-
son of the Union Theological Semi-
nary, New York City, who will lec-
ture on the "Place of Music in Prot-
estant Worship," and The Reverend
Frank J. Flynn of the Sacred Heart
Seminary, Detroit, who will discuss
the "Gregorian Chant, the Official
Music of the Catholic Church." He
will be accompanied by a group of
students in training with him.
Littell Again to Lead
Kierkegard Seminar
A seminar in religious thought,
continuing its study of Soren Kierke-
gard's philosophy, and led by Frank-
lin H. Littell, will be held at 7:30
p.m. today in the library of Lane
Hall. Kierkegard's concept of origi-
nal sin will be the subject of dis-

Utilizing the high magnification
power of the electron microscope,
which is 15 times greater than that
of an ordinary microscope, Dr. Wil-
liams and Dr. Wykoff have obtained
pictures which allow them to meas-
ure shadows of the molecule. These
shadows are artificially cast.
The process consists of a metallic
element in a vacuum chamber which
actually vaporizes the metal, and this
metal, falling on the particles of the
virus, casts a shadow. By measuring
the length of the shadow and know-
ing the angle at which it is cast, they
are able to compute the height of the
The falling of the vaporized
metal on the particle is like sun-
light falling on a flagpole. By
knowing the angle of the pole to
the ground and measuring the
length of the shadow cast, the
height of the pole can be calcu
The electron microscope differs
from an ordinary microscope because
it uses the wave lengths of electrons
instead of light. A tungsten fila-
ment, four-thousandths of an inch
in diameter, is heated until electrons
flow from it. These electrons, parti-
cles of electricity, pass through the
instrument as sunrays pass through
a microscope. Due to their very short
wave-lengths, the electrons form pic-
tures which are sharp, and hence can
be magnified as much as 100,000
Emile Sargent
To Speak Today
Lecture Will Be on
Nursing Opportunities
Director of Detroit Visiting Nurses
Association and chairman of the
Michigan Nursing Council for War
Service, Emile Sargent will speak on
"Nursing on the Home and Battle-
ront" at 8 p.m. today in the Kel-
logg Auditorium.
The meeting was arranged by Pa-
tricia Walsh, Washtenaw County rep-
resentative of the state nursing coun-
cil. Miss Walsh urges all college stu-
dents to attend the lecture so that
they can learn about the opportuni-
ties for college graduates in the field
of nursing.
"Since nursing is the only profes-
sion open only to women, college
women should be particularly in-
terested in the field," Miss Walsh
stated. There are opportunities for
women in nursing in the teaching,
psychological, sociological, and pub-
lic health aspects of the field, in
addition to the routine hospital work,1
she pointed out.

- 1tl'IYa.
42rifJK Jn ter
Io3,d ~ I 'loppard I
St Goar. W ESBA DE.-
o h 0 A n W E B DNB th u rB u ila y , b e in b clle n
J m ~ n - - M A IN Z .
Sirnnqen tn+ \\
Buechenbeuren . Darmstadt
Ux Bad Kreuznach
TR I dar-Oberste in
Saarbruecken - .Zweibrueken
(AP wirephoto Map)
main drives of American forces along the Western Front (heavy solid
line). The U. S. First Army battled along the superhighway east of
the Remagen bridgehead, and the Third Army units were mopping up
in Coblenz.
American Chemical Society
Will Meet Here Wednesday


(Continued from Page 4)
tions concerning three - week ab-
sences, and the time limits for drop-
ping courses. The rules relating to
absences are printed on the attend-
ance cards. They may also be found
on page 46 of the 1944-45 AN-
NOUNCEMENT of our College.
E. A. Walter
Registration for Graduate Record
Examination: The Graduate Record
Examination will be given on the eve-
nings of April 16 and April 17 in the
Rackham Bldg. This examination,
required of all degree candidates in
the Graduate School, is open to
Seniors in the undergraduate units
and to students in the professional
schools. The University will pay the
fee for this April examination. Any-
one wishing to take the examination
must register at the Information
Desk of the Graduate School Office
in the Rackham Bldg. before March
The Make-Up Final Examination
for Economics 51, 52, 53, and 54 will
be given Thursday afternoon, March
22, at 3:00 o'clock in Rm. 207 Eco-
nomics Bldg.
Biological Chemistry 111 Refund
Slips may be called for in Rm. 230
West Medical Building on Tuesday
and Wednesday, March 20 and 21,
and Tuesday and Wednesday, March
27 and 28, from 2 to 4 p.m. Any stu-
dent unable to call in person may
send written authorization for some
other person to receive his refund
Make-up examination in History:
Students who plan to take the exam-
ination which is to be given March
23 from 4 to 6 in Rm. C, Haven Hall,
should consult their instructors in
advance and bring written permis-
sion with them at the time of the
Students who entered the Fresh-
man Hopwood Contests should call
for their manuscripts at thedHop-
wood Room before Friday of this
The next meeting of P.H.P. 220.
Introduction to Mental Health, will
take place at 7:30 Wednesday, March
21, in Rm. 35, Angell Hall.
Summer Session, 1945: Students
who are interested in electing courses
in Surveying to be given at Camp
Davis during the summer session are+

requested to notify Prof. Harry Bou-
chard at 209 W. Engineering Bldg.
Events Today
There will be a meeting of the
Yiddish Class tohight at 7:00 at the
Hillel Foundation. The class is for
beginners, intermediate, and ad-
vanced students.
There will be an important Polonia
meeting at 7:30 this evening at the
International Center. Nominations
for officers will be made.
Alpha Phi Omega will hold its first
open meeting of the semester at the
Michigan Union at 8:00 p.m.
La Soiedad Mispanica will present
Robert Friers in "Mexican Holiday,"
a color film travelogue, today and
Wednesday, March 21, at 8:30 p.m.
in the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Tickets may be obtained at the Lydia
Mendelssohn Box Office.
In place of the regular Wednesday
ICA, all members and studentsof
Spanish are urged to attend the
Color Film Travelogue to be given
by Robert Friers in the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theater tonight and
Wednesday night at 8:30 p.m. The
film, entitled "Mexican Holiday," is
presented under the auspices of the
Sociedad Hispanica.
Coring Events
Research Club: The March meeting
of the Research Club will be held in
the Amphitheatre of the Rackham
Building on Wednesday evening,
March 21, at eight o'clock. Professor
I. L. Sharfman will present a paper
on "The Case History of a Labor
Crisis" and Professor Otto Laporte a
paper on "Aerodynamics in Flight."
A meeting of the University of
Michigan Section of the American
Chemical Society will be held on
March 21 at 4:30 p.m. in Rm. 303 of
the Chemistry Building. Dr. George
Glockler of the State University of
Iowa will speak on "Modern Concept
of the Molecule." The public is cor-
dially invited.
'The Inter-Racial Association will
have a Social at the Unitarian
Church on Friday, March 23, at 8:30.
There will be entertainment, danc-
ing and free refreshments. The pub-
lic, all members and friends, are cor-
dially invited.

' -.,1



The Michigan chapter of the Amer-
ican Chemical Society will hold its
monthly meeting Wednesday at 4:30
p.m. in Rm. 303, Chemistry Building.
Dr. George Glockler of the State
University of Iowa will lecture on
"The Modern Concept of the Mole-
cule". The public is cordially invited
to attend, and chemistry students
are especially welcome.
Worked In Tokyo
Dr. Glockler has been head of the
Ruby Kuhlman
To Give Recital
Ruby Kuhlman, accompanist for
the University Choral Union, will
present a piano recital in partial
fulfillment of the requirements for
the B.M. degree at 8:30 p.m. Friday
in the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Miss Kuhlman will perform sona-
tas by Beethoven and Scarlatti, selec-
tions by Brahms and Debussy. She
is a pupil of Mabel Ross Rhead and
has participated in master classes
under Artur Schnabel during the
past two summers. Before entering
the University, Miss Kuhlman studied
with Ethel Kimball Arndt in To-
ledo, O.

Department of Chemistry and Chemi-
cal Engineering at the State Univer-
sity of Iowa since 1940. He received
his B.S. and M.S. from the Univer-
sity of Washington in 1915, and prac-
ticed for five years as a consulting
chemist in Tokyo, Japan.
In 1923 Dr. Glockler received his
Ph.D. from the University of Cali-
fornia. He has held faculty posi-
tions at the California Institute of
Technology and the University of
Minnesota, where he became afull
professor in 1933.
ACS Member
Dr. Glockler is a member of the
American Chemical Society, Ameri-
can Physical Society, Faraday So-
ciety (London), the American Asso-
ciation for the Advancement of Sci-
ence, Sigma XI, and Phi Beta Kappa.
He is an associate editor of the
Journal of Physical Chemistry.
Prof. H. Willard Returns
From New York Lecture
Prof. Hobart H. Willard of the
Department of Chemistry returned
yesterday from New York, where he
lectured at a seminar in chemistry
at the Brooklyn Polytechnic Insti-
tute. Prof. Willard left Ann Arbor
last Wednesday.


i I

Buy War Bonds & Stamps - Invest in Victory











Jewish Life in Jewish Music
Mr. Binder is Director of the Department of Music of the
Young Men's Hebrew Association, conducting the Y.M.H.A.
Music School, the Jewish Choral Society, and the Y..M.H.A.
Symphony Orchestra. He received his musical education under
Professors Mason and Rybner at Columbia University, where in
1917 he was awarded the Mosenthal Fellowship in Composition.
While in Palestine, 1925, he published his collection of the
Songs of New Palestine and the Chalutsim, the first collection
ever to be made. When he returned to Palestine in 1931, he
brought with him for performance a clarinet-quintet, art songs
set to Hebrew texts, and an overture "Ha-Chalutsim." This was
the first time in the history of musical life in Palestine that a
Jewish composer had presented the premiere of a Jewish orches-
tral work there. The concerts were given by the Palestine
Symphonic Assembly, under Mr. Binder's direction, in both
Tel-Aviv and Jerusalem.
Mr. Binder discovered in a study at this time, that the folk
song in the Land of Israel was gradually taking a definite form,
with a marked note of originality in the melodic line - the new
indication being a combination of the old Jewish liturgical
melody, Yemenite and Arabic figures.
Mr. Binder's lecture-recitals have attracted great audiences

The Place of Music
inProtestnt Worshi
Mrs. Dickinson and her husband (Dr. Clarence Dickinson)
are the well-known directors of the School of Sacred Music at
Union Theological Seminary, New York City. They have
trained hundreds of music directors and artists in the Protestant
churches, and many have come to them from the School of
Music on this campus.
Mrs. Dickinson is the lecturer of the duo, and a brilliant
student and writer as well. Among her books are "German
Masters of Art," "A Treasury of Worship," "Excursions in
Musical History,' and with her husband - "Troubadour Songs,"
"A Choirmaster's Guide," "The Choir Loft and the Pulpit."
She has translated or written the texts for about two hundred
of the choral numbers in the series, "Sacred Choruses, Ancient
and Modern."
Mrs. Dickinson was the first woman to be admitted to Philos-
ophy in Heidelberg University, taking her doctorate under Kuno
Fischer, the great historian of philosophy. She has traveled

Gregorian Chant
The Reverend Mr. Flynn is Director of Music of the Arch-
diocese of Detroit, teacher and choir director at the Sacred
Heart Seminary. His special training in the music of the
Catholic Church, particularly Gregorian Chant, was taken at
the Pius X School of Liturgical Music (New York City).
The Reverend Mr. Flynn was Student Choirmaster of the
North American College Choir in Rome, under the direction
of Monsignor Antonio Rella, Vice-Director of the Sistine Choir.
The lecture will be illustrated, through the courtesy of the
Sacred Heart Seminary, by a group of students in training with






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