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November 11, 1943 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1943-11-11

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IVAN

44W
Ititr tuan

43ti

Weather
I Sniow, Continued Cold

- - - --------------

VOL. LIV No.9

9

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, NOV. 11, 1943

PRICE E CENTS

, ___

PRICE FIVE CENTS

a

Willow

Run

Strike

Threatens

to

Spread

Women Put Lights Out
At 11:30 in New Plan

4>

London Church Bombed in Air Raid

A "lights out" program, passed b
Pan-Hellenic and Assembly, and ap
proved by the Women's War Council
which will affect University women
In dorms, league houses, and sorori
ties was announced yesterday at a
Smeeting for all house presidents.
The plan, which will be voted upon
by the individual houses on campus
proposes to turn all lights out a
11:30 p.m. with the exception o
those in a study room to be left on
for occasions when extra study i
necessary.
The student government has de-
cided upon this program as a meas-
ure which will help University wo-
men to maintain good health, con-
serve fuel, lighten the load of elec-
tric4l circuits and save light bulbs
It Is hoped by members of the War
Cuncli, that the plan will be favor-
abl received as it is an alternate to
a obsible program of increased phy-
Ical eduication requirements for wo-
tier, sucha the Women's War Plan-
ning Commission presented to the
University War Board this summer.
'.ie foard turned down the latter
e~pieining that no additional re-
qcirements should be placed upon
Utnivers ty women to interfere with
the other war work they are doing.
"The acceptance of this plan
oui ld demonstrate that University
women 'are able to meet war emer-
geticles and reach their own solu-
tiois,' Doris Barr, President of As-
sembly, said.
Soviet Forces
ear Zhitomir
Reds Sweep Through
6. ToWs on- March
LONDON, Nov. 10.-.-(P)-Russian
forp4surging: west and south of
captured Kiev swept "into 60 'more
towns and hamlts to reach within
25 miles of ^the kail city of Zhitomir
today as theit Imassed artillery, with
a gunbarrel every 25 yards, pounded
the sagging German lines without
let-up.
Despite rain, cold and fog, the
Russians drew j 6, miles from Kiev
to capture XhorlyeVka, 35 miles
southeast of Zhitomlr, hile another
force swept into Komarovka, 48
miles southeast of strategic Korosten
and 40 miles northeast of Zhitomir,
Moscow announced tonight.
To the south Gen. Nikolai Vatu-
tin's forces smashed to Vasilev, 33
miles south of Kiev and only 20 miles
northeast of the rail junction of Bye-,
iaya. Tserkov. This column appeared
to be aiming at a junction with the'
Russians west of the Dnieper near
Pereyaslav, and it was possible the
two forces already had met,
Gov. Bricker
Puts Hat M Ring
WASHINGTON, Nov. 10. -P)-
Gov. John W. Brickers announce-
ment today ,that he will be a Repub-
lican candidate for President in the
Ohio primaries is expected to touch
tff an intensified battle for control
of delegates to'next year's GOP con-
vention.
For the next two months much of
this fight may be centered behin.d the
scenes in Southern states. Many Re-
pniblican leaders there have long-'
time ties, dating back to President
Taft's administration, with Ohio
party leaders and there was strong
support from Southern delegates for
Senator Taft of Ohio for the Republi-
can nomination in 1940. On the other
had, friends of Wendell L. Willkie
alrady have been actively seeking
Soutle rn support for him in the 1944
convention.
The Ohio governor announced at
a Chicago press conference today

that "I will definitely enter the Ohio
primaries as a Republican presiden-
tial candidate." The primary is May
9. He is the first potential candidate
to announce formally his intentions.
But Willkie has made it perfectly
clear that he is seeking the nomina-
tion.
HeaIth Conference
Stresses Training
The Inter-American public health

- Nazis in Italy
nLaunch Fierce
a
Counterattacks
Heavy Loss Suffered
f In Desperate Attempts
s To Stop Allied Advance
By The Associated Pressr
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
ALGIERS, Nov. 10.-Under orders to
hold their present Italian line at all
costs "for at least eight weeks," Ger-
man forces are launching savage
r counterattacks against American in-
fantry and massed artillery in the
mountainous Venafro area, the Al-
lied command announced today.
The reinforced Nazis hurled nine
furious but unavailing charges
against the frostbitten Americans
within 24 hours in a desperate effort
r to check the Allied advance on their
new Garigliano River-Sangro River
positions. Each time they were
thrown back with heavy casualties
by Lt.-Gen. Mark W. Clark's fighting
doughboys and by terrific artillery
barrages that ripped up the moun-
tainsides.
The weather seriously cut down on
the activity of Allied fighters and
fighter - bombers over thesbattle'
front, but heavy Flying Fortresses
and Liberators of the new 15th Army
air force battered a ball and roller
bearing works at. Villar Perosa, near
Turin in northern Italy, and the
Ansaldo steel works, docks and rail-
ways at Genoa, Italy's leading port.
The Villar Perosa plant was thought
to be the last in Italy turning out
bearings for the Nazi war machine.-
Documents taken from captured1
Germans confirmed that the enemyl
has picked his present front across
Italy, some 70-80 miles from Rome,4
as a "winter line" and has ordered it]
held at 'all costs for ".at least eight
weeks."
Union Council
s,
Vice-PresidentsA
To Be Elected
Six vice-presidents representing ev-
ery school of the University will bet
elected Wednesday to serve on the
Executive Council of the Michigan
Union.
There will be representatives from
each of the following schools: den-
tistry, medicine, literary college, en-
gineering, law, pharmacy, business
administration and forestry.
Any University student is eligible
to run for office, and no previous-
work at the Union is required. Peti-
tions for nomination may be ob-
tained from 3 to 5 p.m. Friday at
the Student Offices of the Union.
Each petition must have at least 25
signatures before it can be handed in.
The deadline on petitions is 5 p.m.'
Tuesday.
Those candidates who are elected
to office will attend the Union in-
stallation banquet to be held at 6:15
p.m., Nov. 18.
Union Tryout
;Meeting Tod ay
Interested freshmen and sopho-
mores may try out for the staff of
the Michigan Union by attending
the organization meeting to be held
at 7:30 p.m. today in the Student
Offices of the Union.
. Training along many different
lines is offered in the host of varied
activities which the Union carries
on. Organized last year, the War

Activities Committee works with var-
ious organizations such as the Bomb-.
er Scholarship Fund as well as car-
rying on the Blood Bank campaign
each month.
Office and administrative training
can be obtained by working on the
House Committee and a background
in practical advertising is offered on
the Publicity Committee.
The Social and Cooperative Com-
mittees deal with social affairs and
other campus activities while the
group on public relations offers the

Parrot Cafe
Must Close,
Temporarily
Cafe Fails To Meet
Health Department
Sanitary Requirementsj
Because it failed to meet the sani-
tary requirements of the Health De-
partment, the Parrot Cafe, campus
"hangout," was closed yesterday
pending a general clean-up.
"In a mutual agreement between
the proprietor, Richard Dick, of De-
troit, and the Health Department,
the Parrot will be closed for an in-
definite period to permit the restaur-
ant to meet sanitary requirements,"
Harold Barnum, Chief City Sanitar-
ian, said last night.
The move came as a result of
Barnum's inspection of the Parrot
yesterday afternoon. The Health
Department had sent a warning to
the Parrot six weeks ago, stating
that the restaurant would have to
close if conditions did not improve.
Barnum stated that the chief ob-
jection was the insufficient supply
of hot water for sterilization of
dishes.
"The closing order is of a tempor-
ary nature, and will remain in effect
until the Parrot can pass the City,
health requirements for public eat-
ing places," Barnum said.
The Parrot will remain closed until
an auxiliary heater can be pur-
chased," Mr. Dick, Parrot proprietor,
said yesterday.
"During the time the Parrot is
closed," Dick added, "we will try
to make the restaurant the clean-
est one in Ann Arbor. At the pres-
ent time, we have 30,000 paper
cups:on order. We will guarantee
complete sanitation in all fountain
orders."
The closing of the Parrot was a
step on the part of the Health De-
partment in a drive toward more
sanitary conditions, in Ann Arbor
restaurants, Barnum concluded..

Marine Commander

The Vicar of a London church removes one of the stations of the
cross, which, with the crucifix at left, remained intact when his church
was practically demolished in a raid on the city. The force of the bomb
has blown off the roof.
COEDS NEED PURPOSE:
Dean Lloyd Stresses Proper
Conduct to Freshman Women

By ADELE RHODES
" A purpose in life at college, with
leadership and initiative to carry out
that purpose," was the formula given
to freshmen women last night by
Miss Alice C. Lloyd, Dean of Women.
Delivering her regular semester ad-
dress in the Rackham' Auditorium;
Miss Lloyd impressed 'upon the new'
students the need for- broper conduct
on campus, "so that upoh le'aving the
University of Michigan, all may know
it will be a better place for those that
follow because theyhaive been here.
Miss. Lloyd cited her three years'
work in a Detroit juvenile court, deal.-
ing with underprivileged children.
She declared that while those young
men and women brought into court
had some excuse for their behavior,
the college woman came from a priv-
ileged group and had no reason for
cheap actions. "I do not want to hear
of college women using profanity and
otherwise behaving badly in the com-
pany of men."
Dress Too Casual
Adding that she could not regulate
and set definite standards on_ cam-
pus, Miss Lloyd stated that within
the last few years Michigan women
Lecturers Will
Donate Fees
To War .reliefs
Two of the lecturers who will be
heard in the 1943-44 University of
Michigan Lecture Course plan to
give the entire sum which they re-
ceive for their platform appearances
to aid those less fortunate than
themselves.
Congressman Will Rogers, Jr., who
will open the Oratorical Association
series on Nov. 18 with a speech on
"The United States in Foreign Af-
fairs," will donate the money he re-
ceives for this speech to the Army-
Navy Relief.
China War Relief will receive the
money paid Madame Wellington Koo,
wife of China's Ambassador to Eng-
land, for her appearance at Hill
Auditorium. Madame Koo, who has
accompanied her husband to the
capitals of many of the great nations
and who has spent many years in the
service of her beloved China, will
lecture on the subject "What China
Is Fighting For."
First-hand information on the sit-
uation in other parts of the world
will be presented by Pulitzer Prize
winner Leland Stowe, Burton
Holmes, seasoned traveler and vet-
eran travelogue lecturer, Louis Loch-
ner, former chief of the Berlin bur-
eau of the Associated Press, and Ful-
ton Lewis. Jr., noted news commen-

had gone to the extreme in casual
dress, compared with the over-dress-
ing during the 1920's. She suggested
that the freshmen women,,and others
too, "strike a middle course in dress".
for the all-around good appearance
of the campus.
She mentioned that conduct con-
cerning drinking and smoking at col-
lege had .changed much since.she at-
tended the University. She emphati-
cally stated that it was not necessary
to dihk in order to be popular and
that many men actually preferred
that their dates did not drink. For
those who smoke, she stressed the
point that they should be more care-
ful about putting out their cigarettes.
Miss Lloyd said, "Women are more
careless than men in smoking," and
added that eight of eleven fires at the
University last year were caused by
women.
One-Third Go Sorority
Although she declared that she
would not recommend any certain
sorority, she said, "If you do not
make a sorority, it is no personal dis-
grace. The girls may want you to
join their group, but a quota of 60
members has been set for each sor-
ority. Actually, only one-third of
women students are affiliated with
them."
Reiterating that it is the patriotic
duty of all to remain healthy, es-
pecially during these times, Miss
Lloyd advised the freshman women
not to become too tired by their var-
ious activities. At the same time,
though, she requested that they im-
mediately report illness at the first
signs so that the health of other
girls would not be endangered. She
also said that they should keep up
in their studies, and should take ad-
vantage of the educational opportun-
ities here.
Ypsi Schools
Granted .Funds
Ypsilanti School District No. 1,
swamped with the arrival of children
of war workers at the Bomber Plant,
has been granted nearly $300,000 in
Federal Aid funds, part of which is
expected within two weeks, Malcolm
B. Rogers, superintendent of schools
.in the district, was notified Tuesday.
The schools which the federal
funds will be used to administer are
located in the Willow Run area, most
of the enrollment coming from the
children of war workers living in the
Federal Housing project, according
to Rogers.
"The normal enrollment of 200 stu-
dents has increased to approximately
1,500 at the present time," Malcolm
+.qefepl vp et rlrr 'hp -+' prlpr i.

Second Choral'

.

Union Concert
To Be Monday
Marian Anderson,
World Famed Artist,
To Present Program
Marian Anderson, world famed
contralto, will present the second,
concert of the Choral Union series
at 8:30 p.m. Monday in Hill Audi-
torium.
Since 1935 when she returned to
her native America, Miss Anderson
has traveled more than a quarter of
a million miles through 43 states to
sing 800 concerts. These took place
in 325 cities before three million
people.
Invited by DAR
Earlier this year Miss Anderson.
was tendered an invitation by the
Daughters of the American Revolu-
tion to sing in Concert Hall. The
singer donated her first concert there
to the United China Relief. In May,
she paid her first visit to Mexico,
where the people demanded that she
add two to the scheduled four con-
certs in Mexico City alone and bought
out all the tickets two weeks before
her first performance.
Miss Anderson was born and reared
in Philadelphia. Her father sold ice
and coal and Mrs. Anderson, an ex-
school mistress from Lynchburg, Va.,
helped by taking in washing.
Aided by Church
At six Marian appeared publicly in
a duet with another little girl in the
Union Baptist Church singing "The
Lord Is My Shepherd." At eight she
earned her first concert fee of fifty
cents.
After Miss Anderson completed her
high school course, the people of her
church collected nickels and dimes
into a fund for her future musical
education. A scholarship was given
her by Mrs. Mary Saunders Patter-
son with whom she studied for nearly
a year. Then, under the auspices of
the Philadelphia Choral, Society, the
young singer gave her' solo concert.
Her prize-winning appearance at
Lewisohn Stadium with the New York
Philharmonic Orchestra led to an

In charge of the Marine Corps
forces in the Solomon Islands is
Lt.-Gen. Alexander A. Vanderift.
His troops are among those fight-
ing the Japanese on Bougainville
Island. It is reported that the Ma-
rines there have been reinforced by
the landing of United States Army
troops.
* *
Marines Have
IBougainv ille
'Well in Hand'
MacArthur Estimates
Half of Enemy Force
Dead in Decisive Battle
By The Associated Press
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC ALLIED
HEADQUARTERS, Thursday, Nov.
1.- United States Marines again
have the situation "well in hand" on
Bougainville after killing an esti-
mated half of the Japanese force
which landed north of their beach-
head, Gen. Douglas MacArthur's
spokesman said today.
The Japanese were beaten decis-
ively two days ago in a battle fought
along the Laruma River four miles
north of the Marine invasion psi-
tion of Cape Torokina on the west-
central coast of Bougainville. Only
the, day before the first large scale
Japanese air attack on the Marine
beachhead had resulted in heavy
losses to the raiders.
Report Troops Landed
(An NBC correspondent, broad4
casting from Guadalcanal was quot-
ed Wednesday in dispatches from
New York as reporting United States
Army troops have been landed on
Bougainville to support the Marines,
presently battling the Japanese on
both sides of Empress Augusta Bay.)
General MacArthur's headquarters
reported today that the Marines had
killed 150 Japs in their latest clash
with enemy forces which put ashore
north of the beachhead from barges
Sunday.
This clash occurred Tuesday and
a spokesman for General MacArthur
estimated the enemy losses amount-
ed to half of the enemy landing force.
American losses were light.
Jap Losses High
(Admiral Halsey's Headquarters in
previously detailing actions Sunday
after the barge-borne Japs landed
said enemy losses that day amounted
to more than 125.)
Since the Marines first landed on
Bougainville more than a week ago,
it is estimated that more than 300
Japanese have been killed in the sec-
tor.
Soldier Is Shot
As Rifle Fires
In Moving Auto
Cpl. Robert J. Dunn of Milan, on
leave from Fort Jackson, S.C., was
seriously injured early yesterday af-
ternoon when a .22 caliber rifle held
between his knees discharged as he
was riding in a mercantile truck in
Milan.
Pfc. Harold Landon of Milan, on
sick leave from Camp Claiborne, La.,
driver of the truck, told County
Prosecutor Frank Kammon that he
and Cpl. Dunn were driving to the
home of Jack De Vee, who was home
on furlough from the Navy. As the
truck turned into the driveway, Dunn
said suddenly, "I'm shot." Landon
had not heard the shot.
De Vee got in the truck and held
Dunn upright. They drove to Dr.
DeTarr of Milan and then brought
TDunn tn St .Tosenh's Tgnita.1 here

Union Chief
Lays Trouble
To Company
More Thian 1,000 Are
Involved; Negotiations
Pend Return to Work
Workers on the midnight shift at
the Willow Run bomber plant failed
to show up for work last night as
the wildcat strike begun Tuesday in
the fitting machine and die-setting
departments threatened to spread to
other sections of the plant.
"Past and present policies of the
Ford Motor Company make it Im-
possible for me to guarantee that
the men will wok," Glenn Bray-
ton, president of Local 50 UAW
(CIO) stated last night. "There
is a point past which no man will
work."
"The flouting of government' poli-
cies coupled with a tremendous num-
'ber of disciplinary layoffs every day
has brought the men to a smoulder-
ing point," he declared.
Company Foments Situation
"The company has been attempt-
ing reciprocal horse-trading with the
union in promising wage increasesif
classification changes of light and
heavy presses are permitted, thus
fomenting an already critical situa-
tion," he said.
Combined efforts of Brayton, Wil-
liam McAuley, regional director and
Richard T. Leonard, Ford director
of the union, to persuade the men to
return to work have been of no avail.
More than 1,000 men are now
striking, and officials expressed
fear that the walkout will spread
through other departments of the
plant. If the strike continues It
might be necessary to close down
the entire plant, company ofIcl*ls
stated.
"Officials will be ready to begin
negotiations immediately if the men
show up for the '7 o'c ck; shiftts
morrow morning," Brayton said AIt
is impossible .for us to rea)h an: .
agreement until the strikers rtur kk
to work."f"
Other Claims Listed w w .xw:";
The union stated that other points q,) -31
in dispute are wrong) job and pay
classifications, 'so that men are not'.,'
employed at their highest skillst dis-
regard for seniority rules and d's-' ir: T f
criminatory transfers of employees.
"If the strikers do not return to
work tomorrow, there is every pos-
sibility that the walkout will spread
through other sections of the plant,"
McAuley stated last night. He added,
however, that there is every indica-
tion that the men will return to work
for the morning shift.
Brayton answered the sensational
charges of the Ford Company that
the strike was incited by a CIO at-
tempt to take over management of
the bomber plant as "nothing but a
front to cover up its own inefficien-
cy" in the plant.
Company Claims Needling
The Ford statement asserted tat
union officials have been "needlirig
the War Department and govern-
ment for months with criticism of
plant management and operation.
Another strike was staged by 148
inter-plant truck drivers of the
Chrysler Corporation in Detroit yes-
terday. The truckers, who deliver
vital parts from one plant to another
in the Chrysler system, demanded
faster action by the War Labor
Board on a wage demand. About
600 workers in the Dodge Army
truck plant had to be sent home
yesterday for lack of parts.
Citizens Have

Responsibility
Prof. Willcox Stresses
World Organization
We, as citizens, must be prepared
to accept and support, with full reali-
zation of the responsibilities such
support entails, any international or-
ganization which grows out of this
war if we are to have a permanent
peace, Prof. William Willcox said last
night in the League.
At the first of a series of weekly
public panels sponsored by the Post-
War Council, Prof. William H. Paton
and Prof. Herbert G. Watkins, both
of the economics department, also
spoke. The topic for the evening was
"Unifns+cm.q'amn n ii-m-1 1 R

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