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November 09, 1943 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1943-11-09

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' 111111 ,. .


tr t u


Snow and Windy



Delegates Discus
health Problems







Of Post-War Era
First Inter-American Conference of
Public Health Schools Exchange Ideas
And Knowledge of Continent Countries




Speakers at First Inter-American Public Health Conference

Nipponese Attack
Bougainville Area

"Even though we are immersed in
the urgent tasks of war, it seems de-
sirable. to look ahead to the health
problems of the post-war period,"
r. Thomas Parran,' Surgeon Gen-
eral of the United States, stated in
the opening session of the first In-
te-American and the second world
Cotiference of the schools of Public
Health yesterday.
"Dr. Parran added that the pres-
enee of a large group of distinguish-
ed hygienists from the Latin-Anieri-
can Rpublics revealed a gratifying
ierest on their part in the inter-
zn t impotance of public health
sclenee. "Through internaional ex-
changerof ideas and experiences, the
toreh ;p, hygienic knowledge will
burn ever more brightly in all lands
and oraall pebple,"-he said.
Dr. Parran regretted that public
he~ah * as a career does not ,offer re-
so substantial or such securi-
ty as orencourage students to enter
iststgralduate.training as a re-
sil~t-. nsequently, he said, fellow-
s8ips by the Foderal government and
from foundations huee been needed
or a onsiderable proportion of the
teitet body.
.Q. H. Pula Souza, Director of
.>oe CSihoQI of Hygiene in San Paulo,
razl, aid that public health, "real-
lyl'ternational in 'spirit," acts as a
oongtidenon'iinatr for the differ-
enu inities.
$Wo4rincipals of extreme import-
anrbIi 'our University education, he
said; rre full tune work and the
freastei research as an integral part
4f the ieaching process.
ThN.4ugh S. Cumiining, Director of
tie P-American Sanitsry Bureau,
stressed that puli ealth muti6e.
taught n.t only to graduate and un-
dertradueite students, but also to
the people'in 'geber ,,
"Professors of hygiene in Latin
America," he concluded, "have un-
dertaken this later duty to an extent
almost unimagined in this country,
becoming in fact, pioneers in prac-
.tically. every sanitary advancement."
"Schools of Public Health are ne-
cessary," Milton' J. Rosenau, Vice-
President of the Association of the
Schools of Public Health, stated, "be-
cause public health is a separate dis-
cipline and not a branch of medicine,
engineering, or any other science. It
Is'a branch of sociology having medi-
cal, engineering, and other aspects.
"There is no reason why we should
have regimentation in public health
education. Each school should not
niold Itself on the same pattern, but
shoild-get the best results by working
on its own civilization and contribu-
tion ," he concluded.
r, George B. Darling, President
of' the W. K. Kellogg Foundation,
stated t t the InterAmderican. ex-
ch'ange services in public health have
thbee imjpications-the. necessity for
better tderstanding of each other,
long ~te n experieflee With or with-
out fellowships both wags, and inter-
natoi1Vl excha e in ideas, pam-
p'lts, and books..
Particular areas of services of
triniiig, Dr. C.-E. A. Winslow, Pro-
i lOpens Fall
Meer rive-
,itions Available
For Those Who Qualify
The Wllel Foundation will open its
,g l membership campaign under
t1 ch nnanship of Elyse Zeme, '44,
ith ,A solicitor's ' meeting at 8 p.m.
tt at the Foundation.
" Wallace, '45, President of the
Ii)ei Council urges every student
inteested in working on the drive
to attendthe mee tin. There, ma-
te6i6 sand instruetiozrs will be given
out and the activities of the work-
ers explained-

This year, more than ever, the
Foundation needs members. A mem-
bership, which costs $2.00, entitles
.ts owner to all facilities of the or-
ganization such as study rooms, li-
braries, a fine record collection, ping
pong, and bridge, as well as to ad-
mi'rrinrĀ° n 4,.. at.inn,.nnat n.. . I'ac c, la

fessor of Public Health in Yale Uni-
versity, said, can be grouped under
epidemiology, detection of disease,
and public health as a social science.
In the latter field, the United
States has little to offer with social
and economic legislation in compari-
son with the comprehensive systems
of our Latin-American neighbors.
Speakers for today's morning ses-
sion will be Alberto Zwanck, Profes-
sor of Hygiene, in Buenos Aires; G.
H. Paula Souza, Director of the
School of Hygiene in Sao Paulo, Bra-
zil, and Herman Romero, Professor
of Hygiene in Santiago, Chile.
Ortelio Martiney-For.tun, Profes-
sor of Hygiene in Havana, Cuba will
open the afternoon session of the
conference. Following will be Miguel
E. Bustamente, Professor of Hygiene
in Mexico City; E. C. Paz Soldan,
Professor of Hygiene in Lima, Peru;
Frederico J. Salveraglio, Professor of
Hygiene, Montevidao, Uruguay; and
Estenio Hormaeche, Director of the
Bacteriological Institute, Montevideo,
Will Rogers, Jr.
Will Open VU
Lecture Series
Response by People
Of Ann Arbor Praised
By Oratorical Officials
The response of the people of Ann
Arbor to the announcement,f, the
1943-44 University of Michigan. Lee.
ture Course has been enthusiastic,
according to officials of the Oratri-
cal Association.
Congressman Will Rogers, Jr. will
open the series on Nov. 18 when h,
speaks on the subject "The United
States in Foreign Affairs."
In the lecture series this year first
hand information about political and
social problems in all parts of the
world will be presented.
Ambassador's WifeTo Speak
Madame Koo, the wife of China's
Ambassador to Great Britain will
lecture on "What China Is Fighting
For" while "What About Germany?"
Will be discussed by Louis Lochner,
who was for fourteen years chief of
the Berlin Bureau of the Associated
Later in the series Pulitzer Prize
Winner Leland Stowe will speak on
"What I Saw in Russia."
The world scene will be further
unfolded by three motion picture
travelogues by the distinguishzed vet,?
eran,.Burton Holmes, who from his
fifty years of travel has -selected his
best pictures from his famous film
library. Mr. Holmes will present suc-
cessively, "Our Russian Allies,"
"North Africa-Dakar to Suez" and
"The Italy We Know."
Lewis Is on Program
Political, social and international
questions will be further discussed
by Fulton Lewis, Jr., noted news
commentator. Mr. Lewis' topic . will
be "What's Happening in Washing-
Season tickets for the series may
now be obtained at the Hill Audi-
torium Box Office which is open
from 10-1 p.m. and from 2-5, pm.
daily except for Saturday afternoons
and Sunday. Although mail orders
have been heavy seats are still avail-
able in every price section.
Single admission tickets for the
Will Rogers, Jr., lecture will not 'be
available until Nov. 17.

Associated Press Correspondent
9.-Sixty-three Japanese planes have
been destroyed in new air battles
over the South Pacific sector.
. Twenty-three planes were shot out
of -the air and 12 destroyed on the
ground in another of a growing ser-
ies of smashes on Rabaul, New Bri-
tain, headquarters said today.
Japanese planes also were active
on .a widespread scale. They struck
at Empress Augusta Bay, where U.S.
Marines hold a bridgehead on the
west 'coast of Bougainville.'
Japs Strike South
They struck south of Bougainville
at Allied-won Treasury Island. They
also attacked two positions on New
Guinea and another on New Georgia.
In the continuing Allied air strike
at concentrations of enemy warships
and freighters sent into the battle
for the Solomons, a heavy cruiser
and two destroyers were attacked off
Bougainville. Hits or near misses
were believed to have been scored at
low altitude by the night flying tor-
pedo planes on two destroyers.
Marines Consolidate Positions
Despite the heavy enemy air raid
at Empress Augusta Bay, the Ma-
rines continued to consolidate their
positions there. Off the northern
coast of Bougainville near Buka,
Mitchell medium bombers of Admiral
William F. Halsey's South Pacific
force sank an 'enemy corvette andj

-Photo Courtesy Washtenaw Post-Tribune
Dr. Thomas Parran Dr. George B. Darling Dr. G. H. Paula Souza

Russians Drive
Toward Old
Polish Border
LONDON ,Tuesday, -Nov. 9.-P-
The Red Army smashed through 60
villages yesterday in pursuit of the
battered remnants of 12 German di-
visions routed from wrecked Kiev,
killing 1,500 more ,enemy troops and
striking tq Within 115 miles of the
'old' Polish bokdlr and 140 miles of
,,A midnight communique supple-
ment recorded by the Soviet Monitor
from a Moscow broadcast said the
Russians had forced the Zdvish Riv-
er to take Makarov, 28 miles west of
Kiev, and the other nearby localities
of Vyshev and Motyzhin.
Expanding their break-through at
Kiev into an 80-mile front, the Rus-
sians seized Gornastaipol,. 45 miles
above Kiev and 10 miles west of the
Dnieper Rive ' as they steadily pinned
Germany's northern Ukraine forces
against the Pripet Marshes.
19 Is DateS et
For Union Banquet
The new officers of the Union will
be formally placed in office at the
Installation Banquet to be held 6:30
p.m. on November 19.
In addition to the Executive Coun-
cil, the Board. of Directors and yet
to be elected, Union vice-president
will attend the affair. , Union keys
will be awarded to meritorious Juni-
ors and Sophomores on the staff.
Freshmen and sophomores who
wish to try out for the staff will have
a chance to do so at the organization
meeting to be held 7:30 p.m. Thurs-
day in the Student Executive offices
of the Union.
Many varied activities are spon-
sored by the Union. Among these are
the just concluded Freshman Orien-
tation program, the Ticket resale
desk and the War Activities Commit-


Ickes elson Praise Russia,
Stress Importance of USSR

NEW YORK, Nov. 8.-(A'F-Secre-
tary of Interior Ickes, calling on
Americans to realize that Russians
will be powerful in peace as they are
mighty in war, accused "the Hearst
press and the Patterson-McCormick
newspaper axis" tonight of "deliber-
ately fostering ill will" between Al-
The cabinet member, speaking at
Madison Square Garden exercises
celebrating the 10th anniversary of
United States relations with Russia,
praised the Soviets for their tri-
umphs over Hitlerism, pictured a
great future for them, exulted over
the Moscow unity pact and tore into
those American newspapers he called
"vendors of venom."
Understanding Is Paramount
"It is of the utmost importance
for our two nations to understand
each other," Ickes said in his speech
prepared for broadcast over CBS.
"Unfortunately there are powerful
and active forces in this country
that are deliberately fostering ill will
toward Russia. There are thosewho
hate Premier Stalin and President
Roosevelt so bitterly that they would
rather see Hitler win the war, if the
alternative is his defeat by a leader-
ship shared in by the great Russian
and the great American.
"Need I name names? Let me sim-
ply mention, as example, the Hearst
F.P. Says Colman
Is Out of Armiy
DETROIT, Nov. 8.-OP)--The De-
troit Free-Press said tonight it had
learned that Capt. William T. Col-
man, former Selfridge Field com-
manding officer, was "definitely out
of the Army."
The paper said it had been unable
to determine whether Colman, re-
duced from his temporary wartime
rank of Colonel when a court-mar-
tial found him guilty of careless use!
of firearms after he had shot and
wounded his Negro chauffeur, had
resigned or had been retired.
(Washington sources neither con-
firmed nor denied -the Free Press'
Senior picture coupons will be
sold today on the diagonal or in
the 'Enslan Business Office, Pub-
lications Building. All senior pic-
tures to appear in this year's 'En-
sian must be in before the Christ-
mas vacation.
* * *

Press and the Patterson-McCormick ive sma
newspaper axis, particularly 'the lat- Rabaul
McCormick Replies .
Colonel Robert. R. McCormick,
publisher of the Chicago Tribune, in
a statement made ,in New York in
answer to Secretary Ickes' speech,
said: ChL,
Ickes, in Chcago, was a smal Al
bucket shop operator, who mas a Re-
publican did dirty work for Demo- Tickets
cratic boss Brennan. He was taken ship Dan
into the administration to do its dir- his Casa
tiest work, which he did consistently, Saturday
and as a reward has been allowed to Gymnasiu
carry on. petty graft, in his depart- the main
ment. Rupert S
"The speech tonight before the announce
Communist gathering at Madison The da
Square Garden is only an attempt to icemen a
distract attention from the over- sigh.up a
whelming repudiation of Roosevelt if theyd
at the last elections. people ha
the few
this fall
'Soviet Russia Intends those wh
To Repay U.S. in Full' m"",uRCar
NEW YORK, Nov. 8.-(IP)-Soviet the Bomi
Russia intends to repay her obliga- supportin
tions to the United States in full, as well a
Donald M. Nelson, War Production An int
Board chairman, declared tonight. of a Bur
Quoting Marshal Joseph Stalin di- every eff
rectly, Nelson said the Russian leader couples w
had told him without qualification and taste
that "any obligation undertaken by to the m
this government (Russia) will be re- girl's nan
paid in full, and not by token pay- at the 1
ments." League.
Haase Sets New R
In Navy Physical
By JOAN LINDSAY completin
Competing in official Navy physi- Universit
cal fitness tests here, Roy T. Haase, a The o:
member of the University of -Michi- pus
and squa
gan Naval Reserve Officer Training an adde
Corps, totaled 92.6 points out of a the lower
possible 100 for what is believed to be to repeat
a national record. program.
Officials of the program here began J
pointed out that the highest score over 16
listed on bulletins received here from days a w
other Naval units was 80.4. Nineteen Herbert
members of the Michigan Navy V-12 letic Diret
unit who took the tests scored higher. Lt (jg)
Second place went to Apprentice Athletic
Seaman Sheldon Kavieff with a score The ci

01 cargo boats.:
1, where an inrush last week
rn Tickets
Be Bougrht
league, Gym
for the Bomber Scholar-
ce featuring Glen Gray and
Loma orchestra, to be held
Nov. 20, in Waterman
ium, may be purchased at
desk in the League lobby,"
traub, '45E, ticket chairmanj
ed yesterday.
nce is to be informal. Serv-
re urged to attend, and to
at the Acquaintance Bureau
do not have dates. "More
ave signed at the Bureau in
days it has been organized
than the total number of
ho signed during the sum-
rol Misner, '44, said yester-
emember, you are adding to
aber Scholarship Fund by;
.g the Acquaintance Bureau
as by attending the dance."
erview follows the filling out
reau registration card and
'ort is made to introduce
who share similar interests
es. Post cards will be sent;
nen informing them of the
me and address. Men sign
Union and women at the

of warships from Truk was the sig-
nal for attacks by the air forces of
both General MacArthur and Ad-
miral Halsey, was blasted in the lat-
est raid Sunday with 8 tons of
bombs by fighte, -escorted Libera-
tors. They concentrated their day-
light attack on Rapopo airdrome.
There still were no reports of any
naval action in the Solomons sector
such as have been made, with exten-
sive claims of sinkings, by the Japa-
Admiral Halsey's air units kept
right on pounding into uselessness
the enemy airfields on invaded Bou-
gainville, meeting no enemy air in-
Ford Workers
Stage Outbreak
At Route Plant
By The Associated Press -
DETROIT, Nov. 8-The Ford Mo-
tor Co. said today that 4,000 foundry
workers in its big Rouge plant, or-
dered back to work by their union
after a week-end strike, laid siege to
a superintendent's office and tossed
steel castings at supervisory e*-
ployes until plant guards' rushed in
to restore order.
The Company estimated 7,000
workers were, affected by the stop.
page, which began Saturday. A
spokesman for the United Autonto-
bile Workers (CIO) attributed he
walkout' to a grievance against a
foreman. The Union had ordered the
strikers to return to work this morn-
The men returned, a formal Com-
pany statement said, but "shut off
their machines and began acts of vi-
olence" as soon as the foreman in-
volved in the dispute reported for
"Large steel castings were thrown
at the building superintendent and
other supervisors," the Company
statement continued. "The super-
intendent's office was wrecked, and
nearly 4,000 men surrounded the of-
fice in an attempt to get out four
supervisors. A rest room was badly
damaged by pieces of steel thrown
by workmen."
Rail Workers Reject
Board Wage Offer
WASHINGTON. Nov. 8. -(P)- A
4 to 10 cents an hour wage increase
for 1,100,000 of the nation's railway
employes was' recommended by 'a
special presidential board today but
it promptly was rejected as unsatis-
factory by spokesmnen for the workers.
Thus, as the fourth general walk-
out in six months in the coal mines
tapered off, a new problem came to
the fore in the wage disputes that
threatened rail transportation.
The special board suggested the
wage increase for non-operating em-
ployes such as machinists, clerks,
maintenance of way laborers and
others. Both the non-operatingg em-
ployes and the operating groups, en-
ginemen, etc.. are taking strike votes.
Women May
Participate in
This year for the first time the
Varsity Debating Squad of the Uni-
versity will be composed of both in n
and women.
The topic of most debates will be
Resolved, "That the United States
Should Cooperate in Establishing and
Maintaining an International Police
Force upon the Defeat of the Axis,"
which is the National College and
University Debate Question.

Present plans are to have as many

Guadalcanal Veteran Returns
To Tell of War Experiences

ecord of 92.6
Fitness Test
ng 1,155 sit-ups for a new
y of Michigan record.
fficial tests included pull-
h-ups, sit-ups, squat jumps
t thrusts. To give the boys
d incentive, all the men in
r 30 per cent were ordered
I the initial basic training,
onditioning program which
ly 1, 1943, was carried out
weeks, one hour a day, five
eek, under the supervision of
0. Crisler, University Ath-
ector, who collaborated with
George J. Jennings, USNR,
Officer of the V-12 unit.
vilian and Navy staffs co-

"All the horrors of much publi-
cized Guadalcanal are true, but they
have been too overplayed," Lieut.
William H. Cooper, Jr., of the ROTC
staff and Public Relations Officer
who has just returned from the
South Pacific theatre of war, said

"Our whole company lived in tents
on the ground surrounded by fox-
holes. The ien were on constant
watch for surprise Jap attacks," he
said. "Those slippery devils cleverly
camouflaged with whatever best
suited the place, such as leaves,
vines, or, plants, sneaked up on our
camps often in the dead of night.

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