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November 05, 1943 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1943-11-05

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Allies Sink Five Jap
Ships in South Pacific,
Action Occurs near Allied Bougainville
Beachhead - No Allied Vessels Reported Sunk
()-A Japanese cruiser and four destroyers were sunk in the navy battle of
American and Japanese warships near the Allies' Bougainville beachhead,
it was announced officially today.
Radio Tokyo previously had conceded the loss of a cruiser and two
destroyers in the battle fought Tuesday morning.
The battle, -which lasted more than two hours, occurred when enemy
units were intercepted heading toward the Empress Augusta Bay sector on
Bougainville's west coast where American Marines landed the day before.
Two other Japanese cruisers and destroyers were hit. No vessels were,
lost in the naval fight.
The Japanese force, believed to consist of four cruisers and eight de-
stroyers, was met 40 miles from_

Empress Augusta. The intense phase
of the action lasted 90 minutes but
South Pacific headquarters said the
time of the fight and the subsequent
pursuit of the fleeing enemy amount-
ed to more than two hours..
Down 17 of 67 Planes
Later the Japanese sent over 67
planes to attack the fleet units and
17 were downed.
Thirty miles south of Bougainville,
where the first phase of the nor-
thern Solomon invasion opened Oct.
27 with invasion of tiny Treasury
Island by American and New Zea-
land forces, all organized enemy re-
sistance has ceased.
The fight against an estimated 200
Japanese there terminated Wednes-
day, exactly a week after the inva-
sion opened,.
Adding to the Japanese losses later
on the same day of the naval fight
were three destroyers sunk and two
heavy cruisers damaged by MacAr-
thur's bombers during a heavy raid
on shipping at Rabaul.
Allied Units Regroup
After the Japanese task force
broke off the fight, scattering in
three groups toward Rabaul, the
Allied units regrouped for the expec-
ted enemy air attacks which came
fter dawn.
Although no Allied ship losses oc-
curred, "Damage and casualties were
sustained," headquarters said.
Today's communique reported yet
another strike at Rabaul, the eighth
since Oct. 12. Obviously in small
force, Mitchells on night patrol star-
ted fires at the Tobera airdrome, one
of five such fields at Rabaul. Near
there an 8,000 ton merchantman
Was bombed and sunk off Cape
Pomas to add to theuapproximately
100,000 tons of shipping sunk or
damaged at Rabaul Tuesday.
Record Tonna ge
Is Dropped on
Bombers Pour 4,000
Tons in 27 Minutes
On Ruhr Steel City
LONDON, Nov 4-(P)--The RAF's
great night fleet poured 2,000 long
tons of bombs into Duesseldorf in 27
minutes last night with a record sa-
turation attack capping a blazing 18
hours in which British and Ameri-
can bombers together rocked Nazi
targets with a total .of 4,000 tons of
bombs, the greatest day-night ton-
nage in history.
The Duesseldorf assault was de-
scribed by the Air Ministry as "con-
centrated and effective," and it left
the Ruhr steel and armament city
second only to Hamburg as the most
heavily bombed spot in the world.
"74 Tons A Minute
Bombs fell at the rate of 74 tons a
minute. The best previous discharge
rate by the RAF was 51 tons a min-
ute in. one of the raids on Hamburg.
This raid and related attacks on
Cologne and other Nazi targets came
in trip-hammer fashion after yester-
day's American daylight raid on Wil-
helmshaven, in which a record 1,000
planes participated and 1,500 tons of
bombs were dropped.
The Air Ministry announced to-
night that this operation and the

WLB To Vote
This Morning
On Mining Plan
Ickes Hints at Boost
Of Coal Prices if
Agreement Is Ratified
WASHINGTON, Nov. 4.- (')-
The War Labor Board was report-
ed tonight to be ready to approve the
agreement worked out by John L.
Lewis and Secretary of Interior Ickes
to end the general coal strike.
A decision is scheduled for 11 a.m.
A majority of the board was ready
to vote approval late today but a
question arose about the detailed-
application of the new wage scale to
those who are paid by the ton rather
than by the hour. The problem may
call for some refinement in the ap-
plication of the agreement to that
group of employes. Overnight ad-
journment was taken to permit fur-
ther study of the mathematics of the
Labor Members Support Plan
In a full discussion of the agree-
ment today, only the labor members
strongly supported it with enough
of the public members reluctantly
indicating agreement to assure a
majority. Industry members did not
express disapproval, and one excel-
lent source said a decision tonight
would have resulted in an 11 to 1
vote. However, the lone dissenter, a
public member, may have company
by voting time.
On Strike Since Monday
Most of the 460,000 hard and soft
coal miners, on strike since Monday,
remained idle during the day. They
had been instructed by officers of
the United Mine Workers to go back
to work as soon as possible.
The WLB must approve the agree-
ment if it is to become effective, and
Ickes acknowledged today that it
also probably will require an increase
in the price of coal.
Moscow Places
Nazi Casualties
At 2,700,000
LONDON, Friday, Nov 5-(A')-
Germany has suffered 2,700,000 cas-
ualties, nearly 1,000,000 of them kill-
ed and captured, during four months
of a still-rolling Red Army offensive
which threatens to hurl the Nazi ar-
my out of Russia this winter, a spe-
cial Moscow announcement disclosed
last night.
Since July 5 when the Germans
"failed disgracefully" in their own
brief offensive in the Orel-Kursk-
Belgorod salient, the Russians have
killed 900,000 Germans and captured
98,000, half of them wounded, said
the special war review.
The review, broadcast by Moscow
and recorded by the Soviet Monitor,
was repeated three times by the ra-
On the basis of previous official
Moscow reviews, the Germans have
suffered 9,100,000 casualties since
they began the most sanguinary war
in history with the invasion of Rus-

British Take
Road Junction1
Of Isernia
Germans Flee Across
Garigliano Valley to
Aurunci Mountains
GIERS, Nov 4-(P)-Striking boldly
in pre-dawn darkness, British and
Canadian troops of Sir Bernard L.
Montgomery's Eighth Army captured
the vital road junction of Isernia at
the central hinge of the German line
early today as the enemy reeled back
in almost every sector of the Italian
On the Fifth Army front near the
Mediterranean coast beaten Nazi
troops streamed across the 14-mile-
wide Garigliano Valley toward their
next refuge in the Aurunci Moun-
tain Range, closely pursued under
clearing skies by British and Ameri-
can forces that knocked them, from
their elaborate positions on Massico
Bridge and San Croce Mountain in
bitter fighting yesterday.j
Improved Weather Helps
The improved weather enabled Lt.
Gen. Mark W. Clark to rush quanti-
ties.of tanks and heavy artillery into
the pounding pursuit of the Germans
along the two main highways to
Rome, less than 85 miles away.
With the capture of Isernia the
whole German defense system in the
mountainous center of the fight front
was threatened andethe Eighth Army
was brought to within 90 miles of the
Italian capital.
Extensive Demolitions Left
The enemy's flight across the Gar-
igliano Valley was being carried out
under the protection of the most ex-
tensive demolitions and mine fields
yet left in the path of the Allies' in-
exorable advance.
A savage battle was reported rag-
ing around the railway station of
San Salvo at the Adriatic end of the
front, where the Eighth Army gained
its original bridgehead across the
Trigno River.
Hoover Urges
Food Shipment
Former President Says
Victory Is Imminent
WASHINGTON, Nov. 4.- ()-
Openly confident that "were cer-
tainly in the latter stages of the
war" in Europe, former President
Hoover urged senators today to start
shipping food now to the continent's
hungry millions.
He said the forthcoming winter-
"very probably, I hope, the last win-
ter of the war"-is likely to be the
grimmest yet for Germany's cap-
Hoover had an audience of 200
spectators as he testified before a
foreign relationssubcommittee.
At the request of newspapermen,
Senator Van Nuys (Dem. - Ind.)
asked Hoover if he cared to amplify
his optimistic remark about the
war's end.
"I think," Hoover replied, "that
we ought to be prepared to carry on
the war during the whole year 1944,
irrespective of any miracle that
might occur in the meantime."
He also made it clear that he was
referring only to the fighting in

Daily To Feature
Sunday Army Page
Through an arrangement with The
Daily a special page, made up exclu-
sively of Army news written by ser-
vicemen representative of the seven
companies stationed on campus, will
appear every Sunday, beginning Nov.
14, Lt. Catherine James of the WAC
annannepar+ tndav

Pictured above is Lieut. Tom Harmon, reported missing in action
since Oct. 30 in China. This picture was taken shortly after Lieut.
Harmon received his wings at Williams Field, Ariz., a year ago. Mr. and
Mrs. Louis A. Harmon, parents of the All-American grid star, are hope-
ful that their son will find a way out if he hasn't fallen into enemy
Inter-A merican Conference
To Start Monday i n Ann Arbor,

Wolverine Star
sLost inChina
The parents of 2nd Lt. Thomas D. Harmon were notified last
night that the Michigan gridiron immortal has been reported miss.
ing for the second time since he entered training in the Air Corps
March 31, 1942.
A telegram from the War Department yesterday said: "The
Secretary of War desires me to express his regrets that your son, 2nd
Lt. Thomas Dudley Harmon, has been reported missing in action
over China since the 30th of October. If other information is re-
ceived, you will be promptly notified. Signed, the Adjutant Gen-
His parents, Mr. and Mrs. Louis A. Harmon of 2200 Vinewood Blvd. last
heard from their famous son a week ago Monday. The letter, dated October
13, said that he was in good health and promised them a Zero for Christmas.
In a letter to Coach Fritz Crisler dated one day later Harmon said that
he was doing "alot of flying" and described an engagement with the Japs.
He said two of them had encountered 17 Jap planes, disposed of two and
come through without a scratch.
"Jap pilots are not nearly so good as German ones," he said, com-
paring them to "mechanical fliers-you know every move they're going
to make." He also expressed the desire to "get this nasty mess over with
and come back to Ann Arbor."
The former All-American football star has made his home in Ann Arbor
since his senior year at the University. A native of Gary, Ind., Harmon
brought his parents to Ann Arbor after his graduation in June, 1941.
Harmon had been stationed with the 449th Fighter Squadron in China
since July, and expressed little- hope of returning home before "Christmas
of '44."
The elder Harmon said he had gathered from Tom's letter that he was
in supporting action in Chinese fighting around Chungking, which was re-
ported the brunt of a severe Japanese attack the day Tom is listed as
"They say lightning never strikes twice in the same place," he said,
"but we've had more than our share."
Coach Crisler, who piloted Tom through four years of spectacular foot-
ball, visited the Harmon home immediately onhearing the news. "Of
course, I live in the hope that he is down and all right," the coach said.
"I can'tbelieve he has scored for the last time, and I'll keep hoping tillI
hear otherwise."
Both parents of the missing football hero expressed confidence in lis
ability to get out all right "if he hasn't fallen into enemy hands." "Thefaict
that he is missing over China gives us some hope that he has fallen behind
his own lines," Mrs. Harmon said.
Harmon's first disappearance occurred last April when he and eight
members of his crew crashed in the jungles of South America. After wan-
dering around the jungle for seven days, Harmon eventually stumbled upon
a native village and was taken back to the Army base.
Harmon returned to the United States after his jungle escapade but
was ordered to fighter duty in the Far East a short time later. He called
the experience the "luckiest touchdown of my life" and credited his final
escape to his "football legs" and prayer.
Mention of Elyse Knox, Harmon's Hollywood starlet sweetheart,
was made in his letters home and to Coach Crisler. Ile said that he was
hearing from her regularly and that she was "about the same."
One of the three brothers, William, is a first lieutenant in the Air Corps
and is at present stationed at Cochran Field, Ga., as an instructor. The two
other brothers, Louis, Jr., and Harold, are working in Detroit and Akron, 0.
He has two sisters, Mrs. Bertram Jensen and Mrs. James Considine, both
living in Gary, Ind.
Bishop William Quinn, who was active in helping the Doolittle flyers,
downed in China, recently returned to the United States and told the Har-
mons that he had seen Tom. He was very happy, Bishop Quinn said, adding
that he was sleeping between sheets for the first time in months and had
built a little hut as his own headquarters.
The 24-year-old flyer relinquished a radio sports broadcasting career
for the duration when he resigned his Detroit job to volunteer for the air
Harmon was flying a P-38 fighter plane and had been previously cred-
ited with two Zeros. He received his silver wings as a twin-engine bomber
Continued on Page 3, Col. 5
Foresters Will.Hear Ramsdell
Speak Tonight at ASF Convention

The first Inter-American and the
second world conference of Schools
of Public Health will convene here1
Monday in the new University SchoolI
of Public Health.
Sponsored by the Pan-American
Sanitary Bureau, the conference will
be attended by delegates from nine
South and Central American coun-
tries, the nine public health schoolsI
in the United States and Canada,
the Department of State, the W. K.
Kellogg and Rockefeller Founda-
Post-War To Be Discussed
The purpose of the conference is
to provide an exchange medium forj
developments in the field of public
health and to focus attention on
post-war public health problems.
Dr. Thomas Parran, Surgeon Gen-
eral of the U.S. Public Health Ser-
vice, and Dr. Hugh S. Cumming,
USN1I Offers
Commissions to
Qualified Men
Qualified men from 30 to 50 years
of age experienced in teaching cer-
tain subjects in colleges and univer-
sities may apply for commissions in
the U.S.N.R., the Office of Naval Of-
ficer Procurement in Detroit an-
nounced yesterday.
Men are needed who have taught
college algebra, trigonometry, geome-
try, calculus and mechanics, chemis-
try, physics, radio and electrical en-
gineering, English, European history1
and government.
Men who have taught at least two
of the following languages may also
apply: French, Spanish, German,
Portuguese, Italian, Russian and Ja-
Those who qualify will be commis-
sioned as officers in the U.S.N.R. and
assigned to duty as instructors at An-
napolis, Md.
Anyone interested may apply at the
Office of Naval Officer Procurement,
n nn Furls T)nfi-ni+

Director of the Sanitary Bureau, will
be the featured speakers at the con-
Dr. Parran will open the morning
session of the conference Monday
speaking on the subject "The Ser-
vice of the Public Health Schools to
the Nation's Wealth."
At the evening session Professor
C. E. A. Winslow of Yale University
will discuss "The Fruits of Inter-
American Relations in the Field of
Public Health."
South Americans To Talk
Noted health leaders from Argen-
tina, Brazil, Chile, Cuba, Mexico,
Peru, and Uraguay will discuss the
education of public health person-
nel in their respective countries on
The Wednesday and Thursday ses-
sions will be limited to a working
committee to consist of one repre-
sentative from each of the schools of
public health and one from each of
the cooperating agencies.
The University of Michigan, which
dedicated its new School of Public
Health during the summer semester,
is the ninth university in the country
to provide public health instruction.
Nation's Schools To Attend
All the schools making up the As-
sociation of Public Health Schools of
the United States and Canada will
be represented at the coming con-
ference. These are located at Har-
vard, Yale, Johns Hopkins, Colum-
bia, University of North Carolina,
University of Toronto, Vanderbilt
University, and the University of
This is the first meeting of its kind
to ever bring together public health
officials of the Americas and the
first conference of world importance
since the public health conclave held
15 years ago in Geneva sponsored by
the League of Nations.
'U' Servicemen Give
$500 to War Chest
Officers and enlisted men on cam-
pus have contributed over $500 to
the TTniversitv War Chest drive, Prof.

A talk by W. F. Ramsdell on
"Planning and Training for Military
Government in Occupied Territor-
ies" at 8 p.m. tonight in the Michi-
gan League will highlight the second
day of the 22nd annual meeting of
the Central State Section of the,
American Society of Foresters.
Ramsdell formerly was on the staff
of the School of Forestry and Con-
servation and his speech tonight will
be open to the public, according to
Prof. Robert Craig, who is chairman
of the Society.
Also on the program for today is a
demonstration at 1:30 p.m. of power
falling saws at White Woods on the
outskirts of Ann Arbor to which
anyone interested is invited.
The conference, which -brings to
Ann Arbor about 50 foresters, repre-
senting state, federal and private
agencies in southern Michigan, Ohio,
Indiana and Illinois, is discussing

cutting operations will also be dis-
Other speakers on the program
include Dr. T. D. Stevens and L. A.
Schoenman of Michigan State Col-
lege, W. U. Carska, flo Bartlett of the
State Department of Conservation
game division and Dr. Henry
Schmitz, president of the national
society, Samuel T. Dana, dean of
the school of forestry and conserva-
tion at the University welcomed the
Society in an address last night.
U' Student's Action
On Will Dismissed
NEW YORK, Nov 4-(IP)-Surro-
gate James A. Foley dismissed today
an action brought by 18 year old Ro-
bert Owen Beatty, '45, University of
Michigan student, to set aside the will
of Mrs. Isabel Mc Hie, Indiana wo-

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