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Expert Advocates Mosquito=Eating Fish
To Prevent Expected -Malaria Epidemic
By PRISCILLA EAOCK
"Our work with a mosquito-eating
fish may avert an anticipated post-
war malaria epidemic," Louis A
Krumholz of the Institute of Fisher-
ies Research said in an interview.
"We are now working through the
Malaria Control Fund of the Horace
H. Rackham School of Graduate
Studies to promote the use of the
mosquito-eating top-minnow in re-
moving the source of the disease,"
Because there is no known cure
for malaria, returning servicemen
might spread the disease, Mr.
Krumhoz said. "For example the
Red Arrow Division, which is com-
posed of Michigan and Wisconsin
men, is now stationed in the South
Pacific. These men have been ex-
posed to the disease and many of
them have contracted it. Through
them malaria might be spread un-
less precautions are taken; remov-
ing the anophiline mosquitoes, the
* carriers of malaria, is the best
The project is under the direction
of Dr. Lowell T. Coggershall, ma-
laria expert with the School of Pub-
"The distasteful racial character-
istics are not all reserved for the
Jewish people because in every group
there are the good and the had indi-
viduals," Ruth Novik,. '46, winner of
the Speech 31 final contest, said in
her speech, "The Thought Behind
the Prejudice," in Rackham Amphi-
In her discussion of anti-Semiti-
cism, Miss Novik said that we should
give the Jew a fair chance by learn-
ing the facts about him and then
thinking about him. "We should not
confuse the truth with our preju-
dices," Miss Novik emphasized.
Danial Saulson, the second place
winner, spoke on total war for the
home front in a speech entitled "The
Home Front Has an Obligation." An
emphasis of unity of nations to pre-
serve peace was brought forth by
Donald Schwartz, third place win-
ner, in his talk "Post-War Peace."
Each semester a contest of this
type is held among Speech 31 .classes
in the University.
DETROIT, Jan. 26.-(P)-For a
busy eight hours on this balmy day
in January, Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt
sped about Detroit today to chat
witp women war plant workers, visit
a nursery and make a speech.
The first lady was here in the
interests, she said, of the problems
of women war workers, and at the
end of a swift tour covering some 75
miles of the motor city expressed
herself as pleased to have been here.
Long before the end of the day,
marked by extraordinarily high tem-
peratures, Mrs. Roosevelt had been
forced to shed the sable furs which
hung about her shoulders. Under a
warm sun the mercury climbed to 64
At the Packard Motor Car Com-
pany slacks-clad women as well as
men employees knocked off work to
press about her. In the confusion
Mrs. Roosevelt only smiled gracious-
ly, meanwhile nodding to this and
he's on the prowl!
Watch out for "Nippy Air" who
walks abroad these chilly days,
reddening noses and chapping ten-
A tube of Roger & Gallet original
Lip Pomade is your protection.
Smooth its invisible film over your
lips and you can defy the harshest
weather. Chapped lips are not
only painful-they're unsightlyl
So drop in at any drug store and
say "Roger & Gallet original Lio
lie Health, and serving the Navy, and
Dr. Carl L. Hubbs, Curator of Fishes
in the University Museums.
The important killer of the ano-
philine mosquitoes is the Gambusia
affinis affinis, which eats the larvae
in large quantities. It has proven
75 to 85 percent effective in malaria
control and up to 95 percent success-
ful in exterminating the non-dan-
gerous types of mosquitoes.
Used since 1905, the effective-
ness of the fish was discovered by
David Starr Jordon, then presi-
dent of Leland Stanford Junior
University. It was then introduced
into Hawaii, where it exterminat-
ed the pestiferous mosquitoes with
During the first World War Hilde-
brand and other workers used the
fish extensively th roughout the
southeastern United States, espe-
cially near Army camps.
The natural range of the minnow
is the gulf states and the Mississippi
watershed as far south as Southern
Illinois and Indiana. In 1925 the
fish was brought north of its natural
habitat and put into waters near
Chicago. There a hardy +strain de-
Mr. Krumholz is now on leave
from the Institute for Fisheries
Research of the State Department
of Conservation to work with the
Gambusia affinis affinis. The fish
have been living in the Ann Arbor
region for three years, and Mr.
Krumholz at the present time is
trying to introduce them into wa-
ters throughout the state. Last
summer they were planted as far
north as Mackinac and it is hoped
that they survive the winter.
Through widespread use of the
fish it is believed that the malaria
menace may be removed.
FREYA STARK SPEAKS:
Lecturer Says North African
Arab Is Not Typical of Race
M I LK I N C T I M E--A young Russian guerrilla, member o
i detachment operating behind the German lines, milks it cow
captured from the Nazii.
"It is not fair to judge all the Arab
people by the Arab that the American
and British soldiers have encountered
in North Africa," Freya Stark, petite
British traveler and explorer, said
in an interview yesterday.
"The Arab in North Africa is a
mixture, very low in the social scale,
whose language does not even corres-
pond to the Arabic spoken in the
Near East," she explained.
Miss Stark, who is traveling ex-
tensively in the United States for the
first time, made her first visit to the
Near East in 1927 when she took a
trip through Syria.
Since the war she has been work-
ing for the British Ministry of In-
formation in the Near East. Speak-
ing of the situation there she reveal-
ed that there was a tremendous
amount of Axis propaganda spread
among the Arabs at the outbreak of
the war,, most of which was directed
at the youth of the country.
"The services rendered to the Allies
by the Arab since the war have been
(Continued from Page 1)
friendliness and showed no resent-
ment on the part of the Russians that
the offer of good offices had been
made. Hull himself, in summariz-
ing its contents, reported that it
contained an expression of gratifi-
cation for the United States action.
The offer, made at the request of
the Polish government, was an-
nounced here Jan. 17.
The American note, presented in
Moscow by Ambassador W. Averell
Hariman, carefully avoided making
any proposal of mediation in the
thorny territorial dispute between
Russia and Poland.
This is the point of Russo-Polish
difficulties on which Moscow has ex-
pressed most vigorous views in favor
of a direct settlement with Poland.
It is also the type of question which
the American government reportedly
feels should be left for settlement
after the war and within the frame-
work of whatever post-war world se-
curity organization is set up.
Third GI Stomp
To Be Saturday
Specially invited hostesses at the
GI Stomp, scheduled from 3 to 5 p.m.
in the North Lounge of the Union
Saturday, are members of Pi Beta
Phi, Chi Omega, Alpha Xi Delta, and
residents of Jordan Hall.
The Stomp Saturday will be the
third of its kind this semester. The
Union sponsored GI Stomps were or-
iginated last summer and proved so
successful that it was decided to con-
The purpose of the events is to
give women and servicemen station-
ed on campus a chance to become ac-
quainted. Music for dancing is pro-
vided by recordings.
(Continued from Page 4)
p.m. in the Union. Agenda for the
next group meeting will be decided.
All members invited to attend.
Duplicate Bridge: A duplicate
bridge tournament will be held at
2:00 p.m. Sunday, Jan. 30, in the
USO Club. All servicemen are in-
vited as well as townspeople. Come
with or without a partner. Each
week is a complete tournament. A
small fee of 25c will be charged per
helpful in turning the scale in the
Near East in favor of the Allies," she
continued. "Because of their friend-
ly attitude, we have been able to
move freely in this part of the coun-
try without using military means to
keep these countries under control."
"The Arab is fundamentally demo-
cratic in feeling," Miss Stark explain-
ed. "His religion and historic tra-
dition are democratic and through
natural sympathy he is inclined to-
ward democracy. In fact, the idea
of totalitarianism is repugnant to
Comparing the Near East that she
first visited with the Near East of
today Miss Stark declared, "A ter-
rific change is coming over all the
Arab world. Especially since the war,
the country is stepping into modern
ways. This has been brought about
to a great extent through the training
of the younger generation."
"In the Near East, I have ridden
on camels, donkeys, horses, and
mules," Miss Stark said smiling.. "It
certainly is a far cry from traveling
in the United States today."
In an illustrated lecture yesterday
Miss Stark described in detail her
journey to Yemen for the British
goernment in 1940.
Third French Lecture
Will Be Presented
Prof. Rene Talamon of the Ro-
mance Language Department will
present a "Lecture Dramatique" at
8 p.m. today in the Assembly Room
of the Rackham Building; this is the
third in the present series of French
The program will consist of read-
ings from several well-known works
of French literature. He is planning
to read a part of Act II, Scene VI
from "Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme"
by Moliere as one selection.
Prof. Talamon said he would prob-
ably read a part of the humorous
"nose tirade" from "Cyrano de Ber-
gerac" by Rostand. He suggested
that "Les Djinns" by Victor Hugo
would make up another part of the
Dr. Edward W. Blakeman, religious
counselor, and the Rev. Edward Red-
man, of the Unitarian Church, left
Ann Arbor yesterday to attend a
conference in Chicago on "The De-
velopment of a Strategy and Program
for the War-Time Campus."
About 350 professional religious
workers from seven states will at-
tend the three-day conference. The
Rev. Redman will report on the work
of the local clergymen who are serv-
ing as civilian chaplains among the
various service units on campus.
Central resource leaders include Lt.
Col. Thomas Carter of St. Louis,
Prof. Clarence P. Shed of Yale, Fath-
er Joseph D. Connerton of the Uni-
versity of Chicago, and Rabbi Harry
Kaplan of Ohio State University.
Dr. Blakeman will preside over the
luncheon tomorrow and will be one of
the leaders of a seminar group.
The conference is sponsored by the
Conference of Campus Religious
Workers in the Middle West, the
General Region of the YMCA, and
the Geneva Region of the YWCA, in
cooperation with the National War
Ruegsegger, '28, Named
OPA Enforcement Officer
N A M E D for the Associated Press war correspondent killed in
action in the Mediterranean Sea Feb. 5, 1943, the new 10,500-
ton Liberty ship Edward Henry Crockett, slides down the ways.
P U Z Z L E R -P hil Baker,
comedian and quiz master, de-
ci'des he has really come up
against the $64 question ,in the
tough one Uncle Sam has aske&.
-with a march 15 deadline.,
Hollywood star, poses
latest pin-up picture to
to the boys overseas.
M R S. M A R V I N J. W I L S 0 N smiles at 38-day-old Jimmy
Wilson as he was released from the Portland, Ore., hospital
where he was born while she was confined to an iron lung.
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Nettuno on alies
fGor lionq R
S MAS H IN G nearly 24 miles northward from their beach-
head near Nettuno on the Italian west coast, units of the Brit-
ish-American Fifth Army have cut the historic Appian Way.,
H A T F OR S P R I N C-Spring is just around the corner-
maybe-so here's one of the new chapeaux, a swashbuckling
Lilly Dache model embroidered with jet beads and sequins, ex-
hibited at an advance New York showing.