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January 16, 1944 - Image 3

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-01-16

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SUNDAY,-. JAN.- 16, 1944

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President Ruthven Gives Nationwide Talk

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Government in
Education Is
Theme of Talk
Address Originating
From Cnipus Studio
Was Carried over CBS
Warning that "the greatest dan-I
gers before the United States at this
time' are that education will not
quickly be given a wider distribution
and that a narrow, rigid, formal rule
by government clerks will be estab-
lished," President Alexander G.
Ruthven reviewed the position of
education in the war over a nation-
wide radio network yesterday.
"Above all we should be careful
that, in our fight for freedom, we do
not win the battles in the field and
fail of our main purpose by building
a bureaucracy which has most of the
evils of fascism," he stated.
His talk was carried over the
Columbia Broadcasting System and
originated on the campus in the Uni-
versity broadcasting studios in Mor-
ris Hall.
Referring to the welter of argu-
ment that is heard on the national
scene, Dr. Ruthven stated', "These
. .. are not likely greatly to impede
the war effort.
"The workers behind our fighting
men will not fail those in the armed
forces, and those at the front, we
krow, will carry through to final
victory."
Sounding the note of life after the
war, the President painted an opti-
mistic picture of freedom, stating,
- - - - -

PRyESIDENT RUTHVEN
"Regardless . . . of evidences of .. .
selfishness and greed ... the ancient
ciream of individual freedom, rule by
the people and communal living ...
will come nearer to realization after
this war than ever before in the his-
tory of mankind."
President Ruth ven called the
school, the church, the press, and the
radio the "four great educational
agencies" and outlined their future
role.
Stravinsky Makes Slip
BOSTON, Jan. 15.-M)-Composer
Igor Stravinsky tonight was in-
formed that he had run afoul of
MassAchusetts law when he conduct-
ed the Boston Symphony Orchestra
in his own arrangement of the "Star
Spangled Banner:"

VOLUMES TO TEL
First 106
By BETTY KOFFMAN
One hundred years of develop-
ment, from an empty field to a com-
plex modern institution, are" chron-
icled in a survey of the University
which is now being prepared.
. This nine-part encyclopedic sur-
vey gives an historical background
and, complete description of almost
every phase of the school.
Recently off the press is the third
part, which deals with the literary
college. The fourth section will ap-
pear in a few weeks and the fifth is
ready for publication except for one
article.
Plans Made at Centennial
It was at the centennial celebra-
tion of the University held here in
June, 1937, that plans were first
made to prepare this publication.
The University committee on ar-
chives was chosen to direct the pro-
ject and Wilfred B. Shaw, Director
of Alumni Relations, was selected as
editor. Funds were supplied through
the donation of an alumnus.
"Despite the fact that half of the
survey hasn't yet appeared in print,
our work is two-thirds done, as al-
most all of the articles are either
in manuscript or are in type," Mr.
Shaw said yesterday.
"The editing job is tremendous as
we have checked every title, state-
ment and quotation-we have proof
of everything," he said, "so that we
are getting as near as possible to an
accurate statement of the first hun-
dred years of University life."
Four Volumes Planned
When all the various parts are
completed they will be collected and
bound, in the meantime they are be-
ing grouped into four volumes.
The material is divided in the fol-
lowing manner: Part 1, history and
administration; Part 2, organization,
services, and alumni; Parts 3 and 4,
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts, and summer session; Part
5, medical and law schools.
Part 6, graduate school, schools of
business adynmistration, education,
forestry and conservation, music, li-
braries, University publications; Part
7, colleges of engineering, architec-
ture and design, pharmacy, and den-
tistry; Part 8, museums, University
buildings; and Part 9, student life
and organizations, and athletics.
According to Mr. Shaw, it is ex-
pected that. the entire work will be
completed in two or three years.
200 Contiibute Articles
Over 200 contributors have written
articles for the survey. It is illus-
trated by 14 etchings, 13 of Univer-
sity buildings and 5 portraits of Uni-
versity presidents.
Among the most interesting arti-

L HISTORY:
Years of 'U' Surveyed
Orner Gate at Entrance to Dw aton0

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In 100 years of growth the University has undergone many changes.
Above is a scene of the campus in its earlier days showing a gate at the
entrance to the diagonal.

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Th " roBalls"'
are Hoiling

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Fine quality, practical nain-
sook slips . . . in delicate pink
and white. Lace trimmed and
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the necessity of choosing the actual
forty acres (for the site of the cam-
pus) that brought them to Ann Ar-
bor on June 5, 1837, by stage, or pos-
sibly on horseback, for their first
three-day session."
Site Was Decided Upon
Finally they decided on a site and
contruction began. "The first build-
ings erected for the University were
the four houses designed to accomo-t
date the faculty, two on each side of
the campus, of which one survives as
the president's house. The single
University building first authorized
by the Regents was not completed
until the fall of 1841, a tall, gaunt
structure with only a few struggling
trees around it (Mason Hall)."
In these times, when three days is
required just to register and classify
all the thousands of students here, it
is well to remember that "Seven stu-
dents presented themselves when the
University first opened its doors in
September, 1841, six known freshmen
and one sophomore . . . They were
greeted by a faculty of two . .."
"Two years after the University
was founded there were fifty-three
students, and ii 1847 eighty-nine
were enrolled. The curriculum was
limited to the Greek and Latin, clas-
sics and to the more elementary
branches of mathematics."
Lived under "Spartan Regime"
"College life in those days was pur-
sued under what would appear today
a Spartan regime, although life for]
the students was no harder in Ann
Arbor than in most of their farm
homes. They were expected to pro-
cure their own wood from a wood-
pile behind the campus and to take
care of their own rooms, for which
they paid the University the munifi-
cent sum of $10 a year, including tui-
tion fees.
"Chapel exercises were held from
5:30 to 6:30 in the morning to avoid
the expense of illumination. Meals
were secured from various Ann Ar-
bor residents near the campus, who
charged the students from $1.50 to
$2.00 a week."
There was a big row over the exis-
tence of fraternities back in those
good old days. According to tradi-
tion, the first Greek letter men in
this country to have their own build-
ing were the members of Chi Psi in

1843, with a house which stood in
the woods east of the campus near
the present Forest Hills Cemetery.
Struggle over Fraternities
From the first there was strong
faculty disapproval of the fraterni-
ties as "undemocratic and exclusive,
as well as leading to student excesses
and depredations." The .faculty
members. most of whom were clergy-
men, insisted on their discontin-
uance, but the students refused to
accept the ruling and they contested
the jurisdiction of the Regents and
faculty.
All this came to a head in a state-
wide struggle in 1848, with the ex-
pulsion of the members of the lead-
ing fraternities. But the organiza-
tions were later reinstated.
Purpose of Survey
In one chapter the growth of the
city of Ann Arbor is described, with
special emphasis on the cooperation
between the town and the Univer-
sity. "In earlier days the student
habit of tearing up the old wooden
sidewalks to which they objected,
ringing up extra fares on the street-
cars, interfering with circus parades,
and gathering for 'rushes' were
strongly resented by the towns-
people, and made disturbing prob-
lems for the authorities which called
for common sense, reason, and for-
bearance on the part of both town
and gown."
The idea of the survey as stated by
Mr. Shaw is not to write a history of
the University, but to provide the
facts as a basis for one. He said that
as far as he knows, nothing of this
sort has ever been tried before.
Data Is Released
On New Project
Almost a fifth of the Department
of Conservation's proposed 100,000-
acre Southeastern Michigan Recrea-
tional project lies within Washtenaw
County, figures released yesterday
show.
Governor Harry F. Kelly and the
Conservation Department are, pro-
posing to the January special session
of the legislature a program that
calls for the eventual expenditure of
about $5,000,000 spread over a period
of seven years.

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9 Nickels Arcade

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VAN BUREN

cles are those
life ahundred
is. the picture
gents, braving
of a frontier
their duties.
"Practically
were residents

dealing with campus
years ago. First there
of the dignified Re-
the treacherous roads
country to carry out
all of the Regents
of Detroit, and it was

8 Nickels Arcade

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Fr.
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Better get yourself a pair of
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~7ATTENTION!3
FJ 9

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