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January 12, 1944 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-01-12

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VOL. LIV No. 51 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JAN. 12, 1944-

PRICE FIVE CENTS

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1944 GOP
Convention
Opens June 26
Republicans To Meet
In Chicago To Choose
Presidential Candidate
By The Associated Press
CHICAGO, Jan. 11.-Republicans
will choose their 1944 presidential
candidate in Chicago the week begin-
ning June 26 in the same stadium
where President Roosevelt was nom-
inated for his first and third terms.
The Republican National Commit-
tee made these choices unanimously
today after Chicago business men
submitted the only money bid-of
$75,000-to pay the convention ex-
penses. This was the lowest offer in
years. Other midwest cities said they
were too congested and New York ex-
tended an invitation without finan-
cial backing.
Democrats will pick a convention
city and date at , meeting of their
National Committee in Washington,
Jan. 22. They also are expected to
accept a bid of $75,000 from Chicago
like that which Silas Strawn, Chicago
lawyer, extended today at the GOP
meeting on behalf of a bi-partisan
citizens committee.
Unless most Democrats miss their
guess, President Roosevelt will be a
fourth-term candidate running on a
program to "win the war" as quickly
as possible and proposing apost-war
expanded economy and social im-
provement along with American par-
ticipation in an international organi-
zation to keep the peace.
Dewey Says 'No,
But Not 4b,cely
ALBANY NY,Jan 1l,(-3-
Governor Thomas E. Dewey, dis-
cussing developments at the Chi-
cagonmeeting of the Republican
National Committee failed today,
in answer to a direct question, to
rule himself out as a possible Re-
publican nominee for the presi-
dency.
The Governor was tol in a press
conference that J. Russell Sprague,
Republican National Committee-
man, and state Republican chair-
man Edwin F. Jaeckle were report-
ed to have given party leaders at
Chicago "pretty definite assuran-
ces" that Dewey, if nominated for
the presidency, is available to run.
"Does that reflect any change in
your attitude?" a reporter asked
Dewey, who repeatedly has said he
would not be a candidate for the
nomination.
"Not in the slightest,". Dewey re-
plied.
$300 Mustering
Out Pay Voted
By7House Group
WASHINGTON, Jan. 11-()-The
House Military Committee today ap-
proved legislation providing for mus-
tering out pay of $300 for men and
women who serve more than 60 days
in the armed forces in this war.
The action came a short time after
Warren H. Atherton, national com-
mander of the American Legion, told
another House group-the Veterans
Committee-that there should not be
any "dilly-dallying" on the issue of
benefits to veterans of World War II.

Discharges now average 1,000 daily
and 800,000 already are back in civil-
ian clothes, Atherton declared as he
presented his organization's program
which included a proposal for $500
mustering-out pay.
Those, discharged at their own re-
quest to take civilian jobs would not
receive anything, neither would serv-
icemen attending colleges or other
schools as students.
'Hour o Fun'
Wins Support.
unnort has been pledged by major.

Presi ent Askis Congress
I ~1h~b 14-*

To

Draft abor

* * *

* *

Prograaps ul
Pro gramn for P resa i di's Iiroposal

Reports t0 /aiion

Total Victory
Proposed Nct Calls for
Conscriptioi of Men,
Women for War Jobs
By WILLIAM T. PEACOCK
Associated Press Correspondent
WASHINGTON, Jan. 11.-Presi-
dent Roosevelt stunned Congress to-
day with a request for legislation al-,
lowing the drafting of men and wo-
men for war work-key point in a
broad program laid down in his an-
nual message for winning the war
and winning the peace.
Saying such a measure would pre-
vent strikes, Mr. Roosevelt expressed
conviction that the American people
would welcome it and said it would
give our enemies "demoralizing as-
surance that we mean business-that
we, 130,000,000 Americans, are on the
march to Rome, Berlin and Tokyo."
Surprises Congress
There had been reports beforehand
that the President might make such
a request, but the legislators general-
ly had discounted these and most
were taken by surprise. Immediate
reaction ranged from the tag "labor
conscription" applied by Senator
Johnson (Dem., Col) through cool-
ness and caution to warm support,
the latter chiefly from a small minor-
ity of members who already had ad-
vocated such a law themselves.
Reynolds Opposed
There was general applause, how-
ever, for a Presidential plea for na-
tional unity, and many administra-
tion followers indicated a trend on
second thought toward swinging into

f I l n 1 pt;T. i J--1)--R an. 1 . J.
l'ioias, President of the United
Automobile Workers (CIO), criti-
cized President Roosevelt's nation-
al service proposal in a formal
statement today, declaring such
legislation "smacks of slave labor."
"I do not believe it is necessary
in a democracy either in war of
peace," Thomas asserted. "I have
not changed my view that free labor
can defeat slave labor any time.
"Great numbers of our war work-
ers are now being laid off," he con-
tinued. "Others are denied full-
time employment. Certainly if any
attempt is made to conscript labor,
it is only fair at the same time to
provide that all Americans ready
and willing to work are given a
guarantee of a weekly wage."
line behind his request for a national
service act.
Chairman May (Dem., Ky) of the
House Military Committee, after first
saying he was "not for it," later said
he supposed his committee would re-
port "some kind of national service
legislation." Chairman Reynolds
(Dem., NC) of the Senate Military
Committee expressed outright opposi-
tion. .
Voice Showed No Huskiness
Because he still is not fully recov-
ered from the effects of the grippe,
the President sent his message to
Congress rather than delivering it in
person as has been his custom since
he took office. It was read to Senate
and House by clerks, but Mr. Roose-
velt broadcast major portions of it to
the public last night
His voice showing no trace of hus-
kiness, the President told his radio

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Roosevelt Speech Highlights
WASHINGTON, Jan. 11.-(/P)-Highlights from President Roosevelt's
message to Congress on the state of the union:
I recommend a realistic tax law which will tax all unreasonable
profits. . . a continuation of the law for renegotiation of war contracts
... a reasonable floor under prices the farmer may expect and a ceiling
on the prices a consumer will have to pay for the food he buys . . . a
national service law which will prevent strikes.
There are millions of American men and women who are not in this
war at all.
** * ',
When we speak of our total effort, we speak of the factory and the
field and the mine as well as the battleground-each and every one of
us has a solemn obligation to serve this nation in its most critical hour.
We shall not repeat the tragic errors of ostrich isolationism .. .
All our Allies have learned by bitter experience that real develop-
ment will not be possible if they are to be diverted from their purposes
by repeated wars-or even threats of war.

PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT
. . . speech stuns Congress.

audience that he had practically re-
covered from the "flu" but "my doc-
tor would not permit me to leave the
White House." That, he explained in
a brief prefatory section of the ad-
dress, was the reason the message was
not delivered in person and broadcast
from the capitol as has been his cus-
tom.
The reason for the'later broadcast,
the President said, was that he was
"very anxious that the American peo-
ple have an opportunity to hear what
I have recommended, to the Congress
for this very fateful year in our his-
tory-and the reasons for those re-
commendations."
Five-Point Program
After that introduction he launch-
ed into the message itself, as delivered
to Congress except for minot dele-
tions to save time.

The message set forth a five-point
program of wartime legislation, asked
also for laws assuring that those in
the armed services can vote in next
year's election, gave assurance that
no secret treaties or political com-
mitments were made at the Teheran
and Cairo Conferences, and outlined
a post-war "bill of economic rights",
asking that Congress explore means
for implementing it.
His five-point program:
1. A tax law which will tax all un-
reasonable profits both individual
and corporate. He said the pending
revenue bill, which. would raise about
$2,000,000,000 instead of the $10,500,-
000,000 asked by the Treasury, "does
not begin to meet this test."
2. Continuation of the law for re-
negotiation of war contracts. (The
tax bill proposes amendments to this

law which opponents contend would
virtually scuttle it.)
3. A "cost of food law" placing a
"reasonable floor" under farm pricer'
and a ceiling on retail prices. He
made clear this means continuing
subsidies, saying it will "require pub-
lic funds to carry out."
4. Early enactment of the stabili-
zation statute (price and wage fixing
law) which expires next June 30.
Otherwise, he said, "the country
might just as well expect price chaos
by summer."
5. "A National Service Law-which,
for the duration of the war, will pre-
vent strikes, and, with certain ap-
propriate exceptions, will make avail-
able for war production or for any
other essential services every able-
bodied adult in this nation."

Nazi Reports
Claim 123
Raiders Lost
Army Communique
Says Strong Enemy
Opposition Engaged
By HENRY B. JAMESON
Associated Press Correspondent
LONDON, Jan. 12, Wednesday-
(I)-Powerful formations of U.S.
Flying Fortresses and Liberator
bombers, escorted by Thunderbolts,
Lightnings and new type long-range
fighters, battled through stormy
weather and terrific German fighter
opposition yesterday to pound tar-
gets deep in Germany.
Nazi Claims Unconfirmed
A special communique from Hit-
ler's headquarters-which was not
confirmed by Allied sources- de-
clared that 123 of the raiders were'
shot down. The German Interna-
tional Information Bureau stated in
a broadcast earlier that 80 of the
dour - engined bombers were de-
stroyed. A preliminary U.S. Army
-ommuniiue said the Americans en
rcountered "stfong fighter opposi-
tion," but made no mention of either
American or German losses.
Battle for Three Hours
The Germans admitted the loss of
only nine planes.
A supplementary American bulletin
described the mission as a three-hor
running battle in which the great
armada of bombcrr wi) ^1ubected
continuous attack during th. iu
time it was over Germany.
Welles To Talk
Here arch 30
Louis P. Lochne's
Lecture Cancelled
Sumner Welles, former Under-sec-
retary of State, will lecture Thursday,
March 30 in Hill Auditorium on "Our
Foreign Policy," replacing Louis P.
Lochner who was to speak Thursday
night.
The cancellation of the Lochner
lecture was announced yesterday, and
tickets for it will be honored for the
Welles lecture. However, single tic-
kets will be on sale only March 29 and
30.
Sumner Welles has long been
known for his backing of -the "Good-
Neighbor Policy" and his liberal views
regarding foreign policy in general,
Since his resignation as Under-sec-
retary of State he has been lecturing
throughout the country on U.S. for-
eign policy and foreign problems af-
fecting the United States.
Aissies Have
Crossed Burl
ADVANCED ALLIED HEADQUAR-
TERS, NEW GUINEA, Jan. 12; Wed-
nesday.-(P)-Australians using mor-
tars, artillery and tanks against a
strong Japanese rearguard have ad-
vanced across the Buri River on the
Huon Peninsula coast of New Guinea
in their push toward American inva-
sion troops at Saidor.
The Japanese staged determined
resistance with machine guns and
mortars, but the Aussies Monday
trumped with tanks to take the best
the enemy could offer and drove the
well-entrenched Nipponese from the
field. The enemy left their dead on
the battlefield.

Ford Union Leaders To Attend
3-Day Training Institute Here

==Z=====

A group of 30 union leaders from
UAW-CIO Ford unions throughout
the area will meet here for an intens-
ive three-day training institute to
teach principles of discussion lead-
ership and to contribute background
material in subjects of importance to
labor unions sometime within the
next two or three weeks.
All of the Ford Motor Company lo-
cals of the CIO will participate in the
course, with the bulk of the group
coming from Local 50 at the Bomber
Plant, Local 600 at the River Rouge
plant, and Local 400 at Highland,
Park, and will be aided in their worka
by the University Extension Service.!
Daily Classes Planned
Willard. Martinson, Education Di-
rector of the Willow Run Bomber
Plant local, will head the institute
with Joseph Kowalski, State educa-
tional director of the CIO, and Frank
Marquart, education director of the
River Rouge plant local. Eight-hour
instruction periods daily will be de-
voted to teaching the 30 selected
leaders the principles involved in
leading group discussions.
May Be Postponed
The institute, tentatively set for
Jan. 20 through 22, may have to be
postponed to a week later because of
late developments. It will be held in
the Rackham Building, and various
members of the University faculty
are expected to address the group.
Martinson has announced that
male members of the group will be
quartered in one of the fraternity
houses on campus, while assistant

Dean of women Byrl Bacher, will ar-
range for housing of the women dur-
ing the conference.
Expenses of all leaders will be paid
by the individual unions, as well as
re-imbursement for time lost during
the three-day period.
Dr. Nicolayse i
To Givef Lectufre

I7orwegian.
Will Speak

Refugee
Tomorrow

Dr. Ragnar Nicolaysen, who escaped
from Nazi held Norway only a year
ago, will present a lecture on "Uni-
versity Life at Oslo under German
Occupation"s at 7:30 p.m, tomorrow
in the Rackham Amphitheater.
Dr. Nicolaysen, who is the Director
of the Department of Nutrition of the
University of Oslo, Norway, will speak
also at 4:15 p.m. tomorrow in Rm. 151
Chemistry Building on "Some Aspects
of Calcium Metabolism; An Endo-
genous Factor in the Absorption of
Calcium from the Intestine." All who
are interested are invited to attend
either lecture.
Dr. Nicolaysen was born in Norway
in 1902 and became a doctor of medi-
cine in 1934. He was a professor in
physiology of nutrition at the Uni-
versity of Oslo, and since 1940 has
been Director of Institute of Nutri-
tion Research at the University of

Soldier Vote Poll
Will Be Taken
Campus Opinion Will
Be Sampled Tomorrow
Campus opinion on the federal sol-
dier vote bill will be polled tomorrow
by thd Michigan Youth for Demo-
cratic Action in conjunction with The
Daily.
This poll will undertake to find out
what stand the students and service-
men stationed on campus take con-
cerning the Green-Lucas-Whorley
bill now up for discussion in Con-
gress. Polls similar to this one
have been conducted on campuses
throughout the nation and at over-
seas camps among the soldiers.
Polling places will be open from 8
a.m. to 5 p.m. tomorrow. There will
be stands at the Engineering Arch, in
front of the Union, in front of the Li-
brary and in front of Angell Hall.
Soldier Election Bill
lBlocked in House
WASHINGTON, Jan. 11. -(;)-
President Roosevelt's call for federal
unification of voting machinery for
servicemen got individual cheers m
Congress today-and a completely
unresponsive committee reception.
The House elections committee
sidestepped a proposal for a federal
ballot and took up a Senate-approved
measure which would leave the sol-
dier voting problem in the laps of the
states.

War and post-war problems of the
church, home, and state will be the
chief considerations of 300 ministers
and religious educators when they
convene for the Fifth Annual Michi-
gan Pastors' Conference at the Rack-
ham Building on Monday.
Scheduled for three days, the con-
ference will bring to Ann Arbor as
one of the principal speakers, Dr.
Hornell Hart, professor of social eth-
ics at Duke Divinity School. His con-
vocation address, -to be given at 3
p.m. Monday, will deal with "Impli-
cations for Christians in the World
Today."
Slosson To Speak
One of the outstanding programs
planned for the conference is a panel
discussion on a post-war order. Prof.
Preston Slosson of the history de-
partment will maintain that a prop-
er political instrument is the chief
essential for a post-war movement.
Dr. Edwin E. Witte, a specialist on
social security as a means of stabiliz-
War Labor Relations Board in De-
Post-War Group
To Hold Panel
Re-education of Fascist
Groups To Be Discussed
A panel discussion on "Re-educat-
ing the German and Japanese Peo-
ples" will be held at 7:45 p.m. today
in the League under the sponsorship
of the Post-War Council.
Prof. William Trow of the School
of Education and Supervisor of the
Army Civil Affairs Training Program,
Tsuneichiro Baba of the Army In-
tensive Language Course, and John
Ebelke, Drillmaster in German, Army
Specialized Training Program, will
serve as the faculty members of the
panel. William Muehl, '44L, will act
as panel moderator.
Ebelke will open the panel with
short introductory remarks on the
problems of re-educating the German
peoples, to be followed by a discus-
sion by Baba of the difficulties which
will be faced in dealing with the
Japanese. Prof. Trow will then sum-

Pastors To Discuss Wartime
Problems in Conference Here

troit, will point out the need for
social security as a means to stabiliz-
ing international affairs.
Editor Will Be Here
Other speakers at the conference
include Rev. Rolland W. Schloerb,
minister of the Hyde Park Baptist
Church, Chicago, Henry G. Hoch,
religious editor of the Detroit News,
and Ralph S. Cushman, bishop of the
Methodist Church at, Minneapolis.
FBI To Confer
Here Today
Coordination of Police,
War Work To Be Plan
Coordination of police and war
activities will be discussed at the FBI
conference to be held at 7 p.m. today
in the Rackham Auditorium.
Moving pictures concerning police
activities in wartime will open the
conference. John S. Bugas, formerly
head of the Detroit FBI office, will
serve as chairman for the open ses-
sion.
"H. B. Hove, special agent for. the
FBI, will discuss "Selective Service,"
while L. C. Knox, state commander
of the American Legion, will speak
on "American Legion Law Enforce-
ment Agencies."
The lectures will be followed by a
forum discussion led by Bugas. The
conference is open to the public.

BOND BELLES TO LEAD CAMPAIGN:

Volunteer Price Panel Assistants
Sought To Aid in OPA Survey

$160,000 Is 'U' Goal in Bond Drive
The University goal of $160,000 in service is intended especially for Uni- money invested in war bonds will
the Fourth War Loan drive which versity employes although students buy.
will run from Jan. 18 through Feb. 15, may also place their orders, according Retailers Show Lack of Interest
will be solicited largely through Ju- to Deborah Parry, chairman of JGP. An attempt to enlist Ann Arbor
nior Girls Project members, who will Ann Arbor's share of the Washte- merchants in the drive through a
ampt Gi Prechbohstmdes, whandilnaw County quota of $7,477.000 is meeting at the Wuerth Theatre yes-
attempt to reach both students and $4,725,000. Starting point of the city ;erday morning revealed an apparent
faculty through a corps of "bond drive will be a rally at 8:15 p.m. 1.Eck of interest on the part of the
belles" and booths on the campus. Friday in the Rackham Auditorium, retailers when only 19 attended. A
. A A which wil feature Russinn war filns i ncond meeting has been scheduled

A large number of volunteer price
panel assistants is needed to assist in
OPA surveys as a part of routine
check-ups to determine whether Ann
Arbor merchants are adhering to ceil-
ing prices, Mrs. Anita C. Bronson,
price clerk for Washtenaw County,
said yesterday.
An appeal to students has been
mai thrnnhLh the business adminis-

on the "up and up." There is no at-
tempt to use spying or subterfuge to
detect possible violations of price
ceilings.
At present the Ann Arbor office is
checking on meat prices and a check-
up of grocery stores is planned next
week. The necessity of a survey is
determined by the district OPA of-
fice which is guided by the number of

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