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January 08, 1944 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-01-08

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Continued cold

VOL. LIV No. 48 ANN ARBOR. MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JAN. 8, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

New

Re grivesP shinto

Dnieper

Bend

Allies Report

New

.reakthrough inItaly

San Vittore
Captured by
Americans

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Allied Troops Advance
All Along Italian Line;
Nazis Resist Fiercely
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, AL-
GIERS, Jan. 7.-The fortress village
of San Vittore, just six miles from
Cassino and the flat plains leading
toward Rome, fell to Gen. Mark W.
Clark's Fifth Army at 3:37 p.m. yes-
terday after three days of desperate,
no-quarter street fighting with a
German garrison.
More than 100 prisoners were taken
and at least that many were slain as
the strong point in the Germans' win-
ter line was overwhelmed, Don
Whitehead, Associated Press War
Correspondent reported from the
wrecked town.
German supply Route Cut
SanVittore was captured after Bri-
tish and Anmerican troops had threat-
ened to outflank it entirely in their
march toward the Italian capital.
American forces to the east of Cas-
sino hacked their way forward four
miles to storm 3,500-foot Mt. Maio,
cutting the German supply road from
Cervaro to San Vittore. Meanwhile
British troopsrpressing upthe Gar-
igliano River from the south reached
the edge of the Cassino plain, where
their tanks might go into action for
the first time.
Americans near Cervaro
Germans defending ,the crumbled
remains of SanVittore were in im-
nminent danger of being trapped and
cut off by these converging Allied
columns. The Americans who seized
Mt. Maio were less than four miles
from Cervaro, which lies in the Cas-
sino plain three miles above San Vit-
tore and between that village and
Cassino.. .
Although the Fifth Army's 10-mileI
wide offensive had, gained from onec
to four miles since the jump-off early
Wednesday morning, there yet was
no indication of a substantial break-
through. The Germans were retreat-
ing from one defense line to the next
after making the Allies pay the high-I
est possible price.
Hull Attacks
New Bolivian
Government
WASHINGTON, Jan. 7.- (P) -
Strong evidence that the United
States will refuse to recognize the
revolutionary government of Bolivia
came today frgm Secretary of State
Hull in these words:
"Information now available here
increasingly strengthens the belief
that forces outside of Bolivia and un-l
friendly to the defense of the Ameri-
can Republics inspired and aided the,
Bolivian revolution."
Only yesterday Hull announced
that all the American Republics ex-
cept Argentina and Bolivia have
agreed to confer on the Bolivian coup.
While Hull did not mention Argen-
tina in connection with the "forces
outside Bolivia, his statement gave
added point to the exclusion of Ar-
gentina from the international con-
sultation. It followed widespread re-
ports that Argentines may have play-
ed an important part in the Bolivian
overthrow.
Argentina stands alone in the west-
ern hemisphere in its continued re-
lations with the Axis; proof of any
further course gravely out of line with
her neighbors might conceivably lead
to strong action The possibility of
trade pressures and even a break in
diplomatic relations with Argentina
has been talked in diplomatic circles
here.
* * *
Bolivia Hits Hull's Claim
Of Alien Aid in Revolution

LA PAZ, BOLIVIA, Jan. 7.-VP)-
Minister of Foreign Affairs Jose Ta-
moyo declared tonight that of infor-
mation which United States Secre-
tary Cordell hull said "increasingly

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Germans'Italian
"Segfried Line-
« rcnognone
SAlfedena
Arerna
Veticuso
-~ ~ A-W* ASINO
a add
:dg n' R Piedmonte
-tr Minturn -
Gaeta s T
$ TATUTE MILES
German prisoners report Reich engineers completing an Italian
"Siegfried Line," a few miles behind the present battle lihe. (Heavy
Line.) It is supposed to be the 'strongest in the Cassino area and inland
from Pescara. Arrows indicate where Allies have scored gains.
GOP MAKES PLANS:
Rdepublican Convention
To Be Held inz Chicago

AAFDowns 42
Nazi Fighters
Over Germany
French Invasion Iioite
Hit by Allied Bombers
In Day-Long Attacks
Fy The Associated Press
LONDON, Saturday, Jan. 8.-For-
ty-two German fighters were de-
stroyed yesterday by hundreds of
U.S. Flying Fortresses, Liberators and
long-range fighters which smashed
deep into southwest Germany as
more than 750 other Allied war
planes delivered day-long series of
blows at the northern France inva-
sion route.
The cost of the heavy raid into
Germany, which was conducted
against generally weak Nazi fighter
opposition, was 12 bombers and seven
fighter planes, with the pilot of one
fighter reported safe by the joint
U.S. Air Force and Air Ministry com-
munique. Swiss dispatches said one
American bomber landed safely in
Switzerland.
With the aid of a secret naviga-
tional device, which was recently
announced by the U.S. Eighth Air
Force, the heavy bombers pressed
home their attack through heavy
clouds in the region where the rec-
ord 1,500-plane American fleet struck
Dec. 30 and which neutral dispatches
then identified as the great chemical
and poison gas center, Ludwigshaven.
With yesterday's bag the total
number of German fighters knocked
down so far this month in three
major American raids stands at 149.
Of the seven fighters lost six were
U.S. long-range escort ships which
covered the attack the entire dis-
tance of some, 800,Mies roundtrip
while the other was from RAF, Can-
adian and Allied supporting forma-
tions which covered the withdrawal.
25 Air Cadets
Killed in Army
Bus Collision
KINGMAN, Ariz, Jan. 7. - (R) -
Twenty-filye aviation cadets, a gun-
nery instructor and their bus driver,
an Army private, were killed last
night in a collision of an Army bus
and a fast Santa Fe freight-the
worst crash in Arizona history.
In addition to the 27 dead, King-
man Army Air Field officers reported
that eight others cadets were critic-
ally injured and that none of the 36
servicemen aboard the bus escaped
injury.
The collision came at 9 p.m. near
the entrance of the field as the bus
was returning the young fliers to the
base from a gunnery range across the
railroad tracks after a night gunnery
mission.

Gambling
In Toledo
Is Probed
By the Associated Press
TOLEDO, 0., Jan. 7.-Armed with
a $2,500 special fund appropriated by
the Lucas County Judiciary, Prose-
cutor Joel S. Rhinefort today began
gathering evidence for a Grand Jury
investigation of Toledo gambling-
thrown into the limelight by the sui-
cide of a Detroit advertising man.
Reporting all Lucis County gam-
bling spots closed, Rhinefort confer-
red with Toledo Safety Director Ed
De Angelo.
The prosecutor said the Grand
Jury convened Monday, but "it prob-
ably will be late in the week or the
first of the following week before
they get around to investigating
gambling."
Under a state law authorizing
County Common Pleas Judges to ap-
propriate up to $10,000 annually for

Russians Crush
Five Nazi Divisions
Konev's Army Surrounds Kirovograd
While Vatutin Smashes into Old Poland
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Saturday, Jan. 8.-A new Russian offensive in the central
Ukraine has broken through five German divisions on a 62-mile front, has
surrounded the Dnieper bend stronghold of Kirovograd and today was near-
ing a link with the unchecked northern Ukrainian drive, part of which was
now 22 miles inside the old Polish border.
The new offensive by Gen. Ivan S. Konev's Second Ukrainian Army
began Jan. 5 and sent perhaps 75,000 Germans retreating in disorder,
abandoning their military equipment and supplies, said the Moscow mid-

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 7.-Wendell
L. Willkie's expressed willingness to
hold the 1944 Republican nominating
convention in Chicago cleared the
way tonight for that city's easy se-
Music of WAC
Show Planned
By Wa yTne King1t
Band Leader Arrives
To Map Final Details
For Recruiting Rally
Moj. Wayne King will arrive in
Ann Arbor today to confer with
Henry Barnes, Jr., executive officer
of the civilian WAC recruiting com-
mittee, about the final details of the
Michigan WAC Recruiting Show
which is to be given at 8:30 p.m.
Monday at Hill Auditorium.
Maj. King is in charge of the musi-
cal portion of the program. The
show will include Pvt. Lee Edwards,
formerly one of the King's Men in
HenryDBusse's orchestra, and Pvt.
Fred David, who was a member of
the stage and screen version of "This
Is the Army."
Maj. Mary Agnes Brown, execu-
tive officer and military advisor, will
headline the list of speakers. Maj.-
Gen. Henry S. Aurand, Sixth Service
Command of Chicago; Gov. Harry
Kelly, and Mayor Leigh J. Young will
be other speakers.
Lt. Gertrude Patio Lund, one-time
mess-sergeant with the WACs in
North Africa, will tell of her many
experiences in that theatre of the
war.
At 6 p.m. a dinner in honor of Gov.
Kelly will be given at the American
Legion Memorial Home. Invitations
to some 60 local, state, and national
guests have been sent.
A military parade will begin at
7:30 p.m. at Packard and S. Main
Streets. It will consist of three divi-
sions: Army, state, and local. The
parade will proceed north on Main
to Huron, east on. Huron to Thayer,
and south on Thayer to Hill Audi-
torium.
Complimentary reserved tickets for
the show may be secured by faculty
members and students from Miss

lection; party members are already
warming up on platform discussions.
The only other possible stumbling
block to harmony at next week's con-
vention-planning meeting of the Par-
ty's National Committee in Chicago,
as seen here by some party chieftains,
is the method of setting up an ar-
rangements committee.
Senator Taft of Ohio has said that
certain unidentified individuals may
try to force election of this group
through the National Committee ra-
ther than the National Chairman,
who usually makes the choices.
Foreign Policy Difference
Willkie, 1940 Republican presiden-
tial choice at Philadelphia, made his
no-objections-to-Chicago statement
in an interview today at New York.
Heretofore his supporters have op-
posed Chicago on the ground that it
was a pre-war isolationist center;
Willkie and the Chicago Tribune
share a mutual dislike, largely be-
cause of foreign policy differences.
Foreign policy matters are in the
forefront of platform talk now.
Vandenberg Speaks
Replying to queries by a Willkie
supporter as to whether the "Macki-
nac charter" adopted by the Repub-
licans' post-war advisory council in
September has been pigeon-holed,
Senator Vandenberg of Michigan, a
council member, said that it is far
from dead.
The Senator, chairman of the
council's committee on foreign policy
had a prominent part in writing the
peace plank finally adopted at Mac-
kinac. He said he would call a meet-
ing of his committee in advance of
the national convention to "bring
down to date" the plank's phraseol-
ogy.
Dick Kuehn, Is
Reported BettLer
At TU' Hospital
Fears that he suffered complete
body paralysis after sustaining a
broken neck Wednesday, in a prac-
tice wrestling match were abated to-
day as Navy matman Dick Kuehn
rallied in University Hospital.
Kuehn, a reserve on the wrestling
squad, was injured while bridging
and suffered what .Dr. Alfred Coxen,

-Associated Press Photo
Notes left s George Wilcox, 48,
(above) Detroit advertising man
found dead in a Toledo hotel, in-
formed authorities he lost $30,000
to gamblers in Toledo in two years.
His suicide led to an investigation
of Toledo gambling.
crime investigations, the Lucas Coun-
ty Judges granted Rhinefort's request
for $2,500 as an initial probe fund.
Meanwhile, 21 persons nabbed in
three raids by Sheriff Charles L.
Hennessy at Club Devon, near the
Ohio-Michigan line, pleaded innocent
to gambling charges and trials were
set Jan. 12 and 13.
Rhinefort, who pledged Gov. John
W. Bricker "a full investigation,"
said the Grand Jury also would re-
ceive a report on the death of George
D. Wilcox, 46, Detroit advertising ex-
ecutive, who wrote letters denounc-
ing Lucas County gambling shortly
before his body was found in a hotel
room. Wilcox said he had lost $30,000
to gamblers in two years. Coroner
Frank Kreft returned a suicide ver-
dict.
Bricker threatened a probe by the
Attorney General unless all gambling
places were closed.

'Screening'
Stopped by
Draft Revision
Physical Exams To
Be Given Previous
To Actual Induction
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 7.-In a
sweeping revision of the system for
physical examination of draft-eligi-
bles, Selective Service today abolished
"screening" examinations by local
boards and arranged for final exam-
inations to be given at least 21 days
before actual induction.
Under the new system, which is to
become fully effective Feb. 1, post-
induction furloughs also are abolish-
ed. Currently these are three weeks
for those inducted into the Army and
one week for those who go into the
Navy.
Aimed at complying with the man-
date fromu 'Congress for preinduction
physical tests and eliminating un-
certainty by draft eligibles over whe-
ther their physical condition meets
service standards, the new system will
work in this manner:
Men in class 1-A who are about due
for a call to service will be dispatched
to induction stations. There they will
be examined by Army and Navy phy-
sicians. All will be sent back home as
civilians with those who were found
acceptable having assurance that
they will not be ordered to report for
induction for at least three weeks.
It is intended, as a pool of physical-
ly acceptable men is built up, to af-
ford an even longer period between
examination and induction but if a
man is not inducted within 90 days
a new pre-induction examination will
be required.
Army Paper
Conducts Poll
Soldiers Seek Vote in
This Year's Elections
ALGIERS, Jan. 7.-(AP)-The Stars
and Stripes, published for several
hundred thousand American soldiers
in this theater, declares in an editor-
ial to appear in Saturday's issue that
soldiers polled by the Army newspa-
per are overwhelmingly in favor of
participating in U.S. elections this
year and calls upon Congress to enact
a'uniform ballotinglaw.
The two-column editorial, a rarity
in The Stars and Stripes, expresses
disappointment in a Senate-approved
measure which leaves soldier-ballot-
ing up to the states.
Soldiers believe, it says, that "they
would be unable to make proper use
of the franchise unless Congressmen
passed some kind of uniform law
making it simple for citizen soldiers
to vote.
"They asked the question, 'can you
imagine what percentage will act-
ually vote if each has to proceed
through various state methods, most
of them not even knowing the re-
quirements of their respective states;
the process takes months, and we
have little time to spare.'"
Mrs. Herbert.
Hoover Dies
NEW- YORK, Jan. 8.-(x'-Mrs.
SVrTar Annear RR vO AfA orf farm pr

night communique recorded by ,the
Soviet monitor.
120 Towns Captured
More than 120 towns and hamlets
were captured in this break-through
that advanced 25 miles in the first
three days and netted large numbers
of prisoners from the routed Nazi
divisions.
This new drive was less than 56
miles from the southernmost portion
of the great offensive arc of the First
Ukrainian Army under Gen. Nikolai
F. Vatutin. The top of this arc,
stretching more than 300 miles from
northwest to southeast, reached Ke-
sow in a 12-mile advance inside old
Poland. Red Army units on the
lower rim curled eastward to capture
Rzhishchev on the middle Dnieper
below Kiev, linking with a long-es-
tablished Russian bridgehead south
of Pereyaslav.
Berlin went even further than
Moscow and in a broadcast by Capt.
Ludwig Sertorious said "it now ap-
pears as if Vatutin's left wing has
contacted units of Gen. Konev's army
eastward and southward of Belaya
Tserkov."
Two Armies Join Hands
If the two armies had not already
joined hands it appeared they would
do so shortly for the Germans seem-
ed unable to stand against the might
of the two rampant armies.
The late Soviet bulletin gave add-
tional details of Konev's successful
drive that his surrounded Kirovo-
grad, an industrial center between
between Smela on the north and
Krivoi Roy on the south. The town
was expected to be captured shortly
as its garrison lost all hope of sup-
ply.
The Russians forced the Ingul River
which runs north and south on the
west side of Kirivograd and cut the
rail line which runs west to Novo
Ukrainka.
Zagoreb Reports
Allied Landing
In Yugoslavia
LONDON, Jan. 7.-(P)-Reports
tracing back to Axis-controlled Za-
greb said today the Allies had landed
"in force" in Yugoslavia, but Allied
Headquarters in Algiers denied it,
and a highly-placed British source
suggested all the smoke came from a
spark of fact: that for some time
small parties of Allied officers and
specialists have been going into
Yugoslavia to help the Partisans.
In possible explanation of Zagreb
reports of "heavy fighting," there was
a Partisan communique recounting
Partisan raids and sabotage at sev-
eral points and acknowledging a
fighting withdrawal after six days of
street battles in Banja Luka, base of
the German Second Tank Army.
The periodic landings of little
groups of Allied liaison officers could
harly be called troop movements,
London quarters commented.
Jap Barges Hit
In Rabaul Raid
ADVANCED ALLIED HEADQUAR-
TERS, New Guinea, Saturday, Jan. 8.
-(P)-Allied fliers striking again at
Rabaul, the Japanese plane and sup-
ply base on the northeastern tip of
New Britain, have killed and wound-
ed at least 100 of the enemy in at-
tacks on more than 30 barges in the
area and along the coast of the huge
island.
Other airmen continued the ham-
mering of enemy vessels around the
Japanese supply base at Kavieng,
New Ireland, bombing a destroyer
and cargo vessel. Both Rabaul and
tarn h a i ry ar an 1.44-arm nA .A a*

SRA LECTURE SERIES:
Dr. Francis McMahon To Give
First Speech of Year Tonight

Dr. Francis McMahon of the Uni -
versity of Chicago will present the
view of the Catholic Church toward
totalitarianism in the first lecture of

zations urging American support of
Britain and France in pre-Pearl Har-
bor days, Dr. McMahon has recently
been in the public eye as the result
of a disagreement with officials of
Notre Dame. Forced to leave the
University this fall after he refused
to have his speeches censored by a
faculty board, he has since then ac-
cepted a position with the philosophy
department of the University of Chi-
cago.
In 1942 he spoke here under the
sponsorship of the Post-War Council
when he expressed his opinion em-
phatically about the danger of allow-
ing anti-Russian feeling to divide the
Allied forces.
"The Association has undertaken
this lecture," E. William Meuhl, act-
ing director of the S.R.A., said, "in
the belief that an understanding of
the position of Catholicism relative
to totalitarian philosophy will be in-
creasingly important as the end of

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