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December 04, 1943 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-12-04

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VOL. LIV No.

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ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, DEC. 4, 1943 =pu v m "!vnqI

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llied

Conference

Held in

Teheran, Iran

Aussies Near
NipFortress
In New Guinea
Jungle Troops Close
In on Wareo; Mop Up
Enemy Holds on Way
By The Associated Press
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC ALLIED
HEADQUARTERS, Saturday, Dec. 4.
-Australian jungle troops, supported
by artillery, are closing in on Wareo,
a Japanese stronghold on the Huon
Peninsula of northeastern New Gui-
nea.
Wareo is inland approximately 11
miles northwest of coastal Finsch-
hafen, the base which the Allies cap-
tured Oct. 2.
New Britain Pounded
Gen. Douglas MacArthur's head-
quarters, announcing the latest pro-
gress today, said the Aussies were
mopping up on enemy strong points
along the track which leads from
Allied won Bonga on the coast north
of Finschhafen westward to Wareo.
To the east, just across narrow
waters from the Peninsula, Mac-
Arthur's bombers continued to hit at
targets -on New Britain in an area of
that important enemy island which
is most vulnerable to invasion.
Borgen Bay. Is Target
,For the second straight day, Bor-
gen Bay's dumps and supply barges
were the targets. Sixty-three tons of
explosives were dropped by Mitchell
medium bombers which flew as low
as the tops of the trees.
Borgen Bay is on the north shore
near New Britain's western tip.
Halsey's Bombers Hit Kara
In the . northern Solomons, the
bombers of Adm. William F. Halsey
hit the enemy's Kara airdrome on
the south coast of Bougainville and
the Ballale airdrome on an island
just off the coast with 57 tons of
bombs. These enemy bases have been
bypassed by Americans now holding
a beachhead at Empress Augusta
Bay.
The raids formed a part of 200
sorties which Admiral Halsey's head-
quarters reported were made by Navy,
Marine and Army planes Dec. 1 over
Bougainville. For the tenth succes-
sive day, the raiders did not encoun-
ter a single Japanese plane. Enemy
anti-aircraft shot down one dive-
bomber and anotherddivebomber and
a Corsair fighter were reported miss-
ing.
---Be A Goodfellow ---
Arrau Admires
Appreciation of
bPA merican Public
"Open mindedness combined with
an attitude that the most important
reason for coming to concerts is to
enjoy them" is the expression which
Claudio Arrau, famed Chilean pianist
used to describe American audiences
in an after concert interview yester-
day,
"They are not," he continued, "like
audiences of Europe and Latin Am-
erica who are much more difficult
for an artist to win over." This spir-
it of friendship which North Ameri-
can audiences display becomes ob-
vious to the artist as soon as he ap-
pears on the stage."
It is in the field of musical com-
position that both the Americas,"
Arrau said, "are making great musi-

cal progress. We of Latin America
have Villa Lobos, Domingo Santos
Cruz and Carlos 1'Chavez while the
United States has given the world
Roy Harris, Aaron Copland, Charles
Mills, Robert Palmer and many oth-
ers.
"The tendency to use folk themes
in their compositions varies with the
Latin American composers. It is
interesting to note," Arrau continued,
"that the composition by the Span-
ish composer Albeniz which I per-
formed tonight is the only one in
which he made use of native melo-
dies."
- Be A Goodfellow -
Servicemen and Students
To Call for Ident Cards
All civilian students and service-

Students As
To Goodfel
Entering the last two days of the
annual Goodfellow Drive, the com-
mittee in charge yesterday urged that
all sororities, fraternities, coopera-
tives, and dormitories send their
pledge contributions to the Student
Publications Building as soon as pos-
sible.
Final arrangements for Monday
sales posts of Goodfellow Dailies and
securing buckets for street sales are
being made, the committee indicated.
Campus Coeds To Sell
Twenty-seven campus and city cor-
ners will be manned by an army of
campus coeds, entirely taking over
the sales post occupied in former
years by both men and women. Six-
teen sororities, nine dormitories, and
The Daily have agreed to assume the
Goodfellow salesman positions this
year.
Many organizations have yet to
indicate their support of the drive,
the committee indicated. "Half of the
$2000 goal is dependent upon them,"
one committee member said. "We
urge all campus organizations to con-
tribute to the utmost this year when
money is more plentiful than in for-
House Coalition
Calls for State
Control of Vote
Ballots To Be Made
Available to Servicemen
At Home and Abroad
WASHINGTON, Dec. 3. - (P)- A
coalition of. Republicans and South-
ern Democrats over-riding the Sen-
ate leadership, today junked the idea
of federal supervision of servicemen's
voting by absentee ballot and passed
a bill calling for state control.
The new bill substituted for the
pending measure on a 42 to 37 roll-
call and finally approved by a- voice
vote, calls on the states to make
ballots available to members of the
armed forces at home and abroad.
Democratic Leader Barkley (Ky)
immediately condemned it as "A pi-
ous ladies and society resolution"
under which few if any votes would
be cast.
Senators McClellan (D-Ark.) and
Eastland (D-Miss.), sponsors of the
measure with Senator McKellar (D-
Tenn.), asserted that the substitute
which now goes to the House would
retain state control over elections.
The legislation now is in a form
reportedly acceptable to a majority
of the members of the House Elec-
tions Committee, where war ballot
legislation had been held up awaiting
Senate action.
The original bill would have waiv-
ed all state voting requirements ex-
cept age and residence. A bipartisan
federal ballot commission would have
supervised absentee voting. Several
amendments were made during five
days of debate.
Now, the plan calls on the states 'to
distribute post cards to men in uni-
form, to be used to request absentee
voting forms. The Army and Navy
would aid in circulating the cards
and in returning the absentee ballots
to the states.
- Be A Goodfellow -
Post-War Peace
Is Discussed
Lindeman, Fritchman

Speak at Conference I
"After this war the United States
will be the most powerful nation the
world has ever seen and with all this
power concentrated in one country,
if we don't demand peace, there can
be no hope of ever having it," Dr. Ed-
ward C. Lindeman, of the New York
School of Social Work, said yester-
day.
"There is a new variety of isola-
tionist who is extremely militaristic.
They want the United States to
maintain peace through building
huge armaments. Unless we have
some plan ready, we can expect any-
one who has a peace plan to get a
big following, even if he is a militant
isolationist," Dr. Lindeman said.
"America has wrapped its youth in
wool and it took the V-12 program,
the action of youth on the battle-

ked To Give
low Drive
mer years. Every student must be a
Goodfellow to make this drive suc-
cessful," he said.
Clothes, food, Christmas baskets,
and medical supplies are distributed
to needy Ann Arbor families by the
Family and Childrens Service, an ag-
ency to which most of the Goodfellow
total is directed.
Part To Go to Textbook Fund
The remainder of the goodfellow
total will be allocated to the Goodwill
Fund and the Textbook Lending
Fund. The Goodwill Fund is a year-
round charity organization which
comes to the aid of the needy in any
emergency.
The Textbook Lending Fund brings
the results of the drive directly to
University students who have diffi-
culty in financing the purchase of
textbooks.
All contributions are to be made
out to The Michigan Daily and sent
to the Publications Building before
5 p.m. Monday.
--Be A Goodfellow ---
RAF Bombers
Pound Berlin
41 British Planes
Fall During Battle
LONDON, Saturday, Dec. 4.-(AP)-
RAF bombers streamed out for a
new attack on the continent early
today, following up a shattering raid
Thursday night which sent 1,500
long tons of new fire bombs and ex-
plosives crashing down on smolder-
ing, rubble-carpeted Berlin.
During the Thursday night raid,
which left perhaps half of the Nazi
capital in ruins, with the entire
heart of the city blazing, swarms of
German fighters met the four-en-
gined bombers along, paths of flares
lit as far As 50 miles from the Ger-
man's No. 1 city.
In that operation, 41 British planes
fell during a mighty air battle in
skies stabbed by searchlights and
torn by intense flak.
Daybreak found the wreckage of
planes scattered through the doomed
city after this fifth heavy assault in
two weeks.
---- Be A Goodfellow -
Harmon Escape
Is Surprise
To .Dr. Tien
Dr. Hing-Chih Tien, of the Ori-
ental language department and a
native of Kiukiang, China, the town
near which Lt. Tom D. Harmon was
reported to have been downed, ex-
pressed surprise yesterday that Har-
mon was able to escape from the
Japanese-held territory.
"Because of the fact that Kiukiang
is in the hands of the Japs and far
from the Chinese battle line, the
Chinese students at the University
had given Harmon up for lost," said
Dr. Tien. "The land in the south of
Kanhsien district is extremely hilly,
and the fact that Harmon reached
safety is undoubtedly due to the aid
of Chinese guerrillas and his own
quick action from, football training,"
he added.
Dr. Tien's own family was evacu-
ated from Kiukiang when it fell into
Japanese hands and were now safely
in the interior of Kanhsien. Dr. Tien
came to the United States in 1940.

Soviet Army
Strikes at
Nazi Railroad
Red Troops Resist
New Counterattacks
Near Cherkasy Area
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Saturday, Dec. 4.-
Mud-spattered Red Army troops bit
into the important German railway
network northwest of .Gomel in two
directions yesterday, stood firm
against repeated Nazi counterattacks
in the hotly-contested Cherkasy area
and expanded their Dneiper river
bridgehead below Kremenchug 15
miles to the west through powerfully
defended territory Moscow announc-
ed early today.
German troops recoiling before the
Soviet attack northwest of Gomel
sustained heavy losses, the Soviet
midnight bulletin said, as the Rus-
sians swept up more than 100 villages
and hamlets.
Determined Soviet troops, blasting
their way forward through complex
German trench systems and dug outs
protected by mine fields and barbed
wire entaglements took Novo-Geor-
gievsk, a district center of the-Krovo-
gard and carpeted the. approaches to
the town with hundreds,. of 'German
dead, the communique said.
With this -westward thrust of 15
miles into the Dneiper sack blow
Kremenchug, the Russians moved to
relieve the. pressure %on their com-
rades ,.holding on in, the up-river
bridgehead near Cherkasy. This
Cherkasy bridgehead, a relatively
small one, has been the scene of hard
fighting for days and the communi-
que said, that in one sector alone the
Rissians threw back -seven German
counter-attacks and killed approxi-
mately 800- Germans.
--- Be A Goodfellow -
Mayor Fights
For Subsidies
Says Inflation Faces
Cities Without Food Act
WASHINGTON, Dec. 3.- (JP)-
Mayor La Guardia of New York
fought to save the government's tot-
tering food subsidy program today,
declaring that without it the urban
areas are threatened with inflation
and financial collapse.
The peppery little executive of the
nation's largest city told the Senate
Banking Committee food costs have
shot up 39 per cent in New York
since 1941 and the housewife "can't
eat statistics."
La Guardia testified as Chairman
of the United States, Conference of
mayors, opposing legislation to out-
law food subsidies-government pay-
ments designed to hold down retail
prices and yet permit the producer
and processor to make a legitimate
profit. The ban was approved by the
House and there were free predic-
tions that the Senate would take the
same action. President Roosevelt ve-
toed a similar prohibition last sum-
mer.. There was some question whe-
ther the anti-subsidy bloc, however
strong, could get enough votes to
override another anticipated veto.
The Senate Banking Committee
also heard support for subsidies from
Mayors Cornelius D. Scully of Pitts-
burgh; Maurice J. Tobin of Boston;
George Welsh of Grand Rapids,
Mich., and Cooper Green of Birming-
ham, Ala.

Site of Historic Allied

Conference

7R"', Bandar
TRAS-asra ;Shahpur
PODA ARABIA Persia
Map locates Teheran (A) where President Roosevelt, Prime Min-
ister Churchill and Premier Stalin issued their historic ultimatum to
knock Germany from the war. This meeting followed a conference
at Cairo (B) among Roosevelt, Churchill, and Generalissimo Chiang-
Kai-Shek and their staffs. Distance of each city from nearest German-
held territory (black areas) is indicated.
WORLD SETTLEMENT:
Ely Culbertson' Preset~its Plan
For Lasting Post-War Peace

Stating that "We must win the
battle of the- peace within the next
five 'years or we probably will not
win it at* all," Ely Culbertson spoke
yesterday on his "Plan for World
Settlement" under the auspices of
the Post-War Council.
Culbertson's plan depends- com-
pletely on the new era in : warfare
which 'we have now entered. "No
longer is war waged between men,
with machines as auxiliaries, but by
machines, with men as mere pawns,"'
Culbertson' asserted. Thus the na-
tion with the greatest industrial po-
tential, is by that very fact the na-
tion with the greatest military po-
tential. "It then follows," Culbert-
son said, "that our own security will
be threatened by the inevitable in-
dustrialization of the vast lands of
the East."
Form Perpetual Alliance
Culbertson's plan is an attempt to
guarantee our security by the forma-
tion of a "collective, integrated per-
petual alliance among the nations of
the world." Basic structure for the
new order is a division of the nations
of the world into 11 regional federa-
tions forming a world federation.
The regional. groups would be the
American, British, Latin-European,
Galens Collects.
$950 First Da
Galens collected $950 in the first
day of their campaign to raise funds
for children confined in University
Hospital, it was announced yester-
day by Pfc. Robert Taylor, publicity
chairman for the drive.
" Collections fell far short of the
$1,300 contributed by students and
townspeople on the first day of last
year's drive," he said. Galens, an
honorary society for junior and sen-
ior medical students, has set a goal of
$2,500 in this their fifteenth annual
campaign.
Funds are used to support the Ga-
lens workshop in the hospital, to
furnish books, films and games for
those unable to leave their beds and
to sponsor a Christmas party for all
children in the hospital.

Chinese, Germanic, Middle - Euro-
pean, Russian, Middle-Eastern, and
Japanese Federations with the Ma-
laysian and Indian Federations au-
tonomous but under temporary trus-
teeship of the United States and
Great Britain respectively.
Quota Force Principle
Securing total peace through this
world federation will be accomplish-
ed by the "quota force- principle"-
an adaptation of the world police
force scheme. Each of the 11 region-
al groups will have a national con-
tingent alloted to it under its quota..
A twelfth contingent will be recruit-
ed from the small nations to form
a Mobile Corps under the direct con-
trol of the world federation itself.
The ingenious element of this.
scheme is that the Mobile Corps quo-
ta of force would control the balance
of power among the nations. Also
the Big Three nations would to-
gether control 50 percent of the
world's heavy arms, which, as Cul-
bertson stated, are not "Land-hun-
gry." An Armament Trust would en-
force the strict limitations on arms.
-- Be A Goodfellow -
Fif th's Forces
Stab Onward
Aerial Attacks Pace
Clark's Italian Attack
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, AL-
GIERS, Dec. 3.-4P)-Paced for the
second day by aerial assaults on ela-
borate, well-prepared Germanaforti-
fications, Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark's
Fifth Army stabbed forward from
Calabritto against the right flank of
massed German troops guarding the
main road to Rome in the fourth day
of the biggest Italian offensive since
Salerno.
Great clouds of smoke and lust
hung over the battlefield. Air force
pilots participating in the methodical
destruction of enemy gun positions
and entrenchments ahead of Ameri-
can and British forces saw signs of a
fierce combat raging below. Official
accounts gave no indication whether
Clark's troops yet had reached the
hard core of the Nazi line.
Equally bitter fighting raged on the
Eighth Army front, where the right
wing of Gen. Sir Bernard L. Mont-
gomery's British, Indian and New
Zealand forces slugged six more miles
up the Adriatic coast, and approach-
ed the important highway and rail-
road center of San Vito Chietino, on-
ly 16 miles from the big port of Pes-
cara.
- Be A Goodfellow -
MCA Defers
Post-War Action
Action on proposed scholastic stan-
dards affecting students now and in
the postwar period was deferred by
the committees of the Michigan Col-
lege Assocation which met here yes-
terday.
1:)-I,, + T ttr11 :... - - A - , .2f

New Military
Action Against
Nazis Planned
Conferees Determined
To Knock Germany Out
Of War Without Delay
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Saturday, Dec. 4.-Pres-
ident Roosevelt, Prime Minister
Churchill and Premier Stalin in the
greatest such meeting in history have
conferred at Teheran, the capital of
Iran (Persia), and agreed upon both
military and political plans for the
war against Germany, Moscow radio
announced today in the first official
disclosure of the parley.
Cutting through numerous Axis
and neutral reports of the "big three"
meeting, Moscow in a broadcast re-
corded here by the Soviet monitor
stated officially that the talks were
held "a few days ago," and that "dip-
lomatic and military representative
took part."
"At the conference," said the offic-
ial Moscow broadcast, "questions on
the conduct of the war against Ger-
many were discussed as well as a
number of political questions."
To Be Made Public
"Corresponding decisions we
adopted which will be made public
Ilater.",
The Soviet Monitor stated that 9,
details of the conference, might be
announced between noon and 2 pi;
Eastern War Time today, basing ths
prediction on the usual routine of'te
Moscow radio when announcing fu-
ture broadcasts.
The announcement from Moscow
came as a surprise to British officals,
The Minstry of Informaton said it
had no official announcement of the
conference. Bulletins from London,
where the broadcast was monto,
were delayed briefly by censors for a
check by the Ministry-more evidence
of the element of surprise.
Went from Cairo
Mr. Roosevelt and Mr. Claurchill
went to the Iran conference from
their historic five-day meeting In
North Africa with Generalissimo Chi-
ang Kai-shek, which was concerned
primarily with the war against J-
pan. That meeting, held from Nov.
22 through Nov. 26, was attended by
a galaxy of military and naval
authorities who presumably journey'-
ed on with their leaders.
Berlin Radio Issues Nazis
View of Allied Conference
LONDON, Dec. 3.--(P)-The Berlin
radio declared today that the confer-
ence between President Roosevelt,
Prime Minister Churchill and Pre-
mier Stalin has been completed at the
Persian city of Tabriz, and that a
Christmasrultimatum to Germany to
"give up or die" had been agreed up-
on.
Crediting dispatches from a variety
of sources, including "Reuters circles
in Lisbon," the busy Axis propagan-
da machine which was the first to re-
port a tni-power meeting actually un-
derway, asserted that an official co-
munique from the conference would
be issued tomorrow and that it would
again call for the scrapping of the
Nazi party and unconditional surren-
der by Germany.
Allied circles scouted predictions
that any official declaration would
come so soon, considering the time
lag between previous conferences and
their official announcements.
- Be A Goodfelow -
Pontiac 'Man's

Plot To Kill
FDR Revealed'
WASHINGTON, Dec. 3. - (P) A
strange story came to light today of
how a man with a wild plan to as-
sassinate President Roosevelt sulked
about the White House vicinity fore10
days last month-and finally was ar-
rested for walking against a traffic
light.
The arrest by city police came at
a time when the Secret Service was
searching Washington for the man
after receiving word from his wife
of his intention which, a Secret Serv-
ice offical said,, he attributed to
"electrodes running through my
brain."
Secret Service agents, who told the
story, said the man is Walter Best,
38, former worker in Pontiac and

RICH CULTURE WILL RETURN:

Faily Foresees Persia

5

Future

"?

By' BERYLE WALTERS
"With the prospect of a lasting
peace ahead, as proposed by the At-
lantic Charter, Persia will be able to
develop her potentialities to the limit,.
and will again become a nation to
which the world will look to with
admiration," John Faily, University
teaching fellow and son of Persia's
ambassador to Iraq, predicted in an
interview yesterday.
For centuries Persia has been
racked by wars-internal as well as
from without. Faily lays the back-

Persians think of Americans as an
altruistic people with high ideals."
Faily related that Americans were the
first to come to the aid of his people
during a disastrous famine that swept
Persia after World War I. He further
stated that-because Ameircans are so
highly thought of by the Persian Cen-
tral Government, they dominate the
list of foreign advisors.
First Impressions
Faily's first impressions of Ameri-
cans show the wide chasm between
the Persian way of life and the Am-
erican. While working in a Detroit
factory it was necessary for Faily to

Faily tells this story of the popular
version of weather in Persia:
"A lady in England once asked the
first Persian ambassador to that
country if his people were sun wor-
shippers. The ambassador replied,
'Madam, if you saw the sun, you, too,
would worship him.'"'
"Most Americans think of Persia as
a land of endless hot sands," he said,
"and Arabs with flowing capes
mounted on white steeds riding the
deserts." Faily says that this is far
from the truth, for a great deal of
Persia has a climate colder than
Michigan. While much of the trans-

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