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November 19, 1943 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-11-19

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FRIDAY, NOV. 19, 1943

..: . ..M1 ri ry.r. h .V i :i.iV. .



I'd Rather Be Right



By Licht,

NEW YORK, Nov. 19.-We cannot have a real
nationalist movement until we have a national
The search for a grievance is under way. Col.
Robert R. McCormick of the Chicago Tribune
has. decided that the Rhodes Scholarships are
a national grievance. He grieved all during
a ship launching the other day because "for
forty: years American citizens have been hired
and educated abroad to become alien agents
among us''
American .nationalism seems pretty hard up
for a sorrow when it can find no greater out-
rage that has been committed against us than
to send some of our boys to Oxford. I don't
think you can build a really big nationalist
movement on that. On Versailles, yes. On free
scholarships to Oxford, no.
Senator Brewster, of Maine, thinks we have
a grievance, perhaps big enough to lead to
war, because the British do not fully share
their petroleum reserves in the Persian Gulf
with us. .
That's more promising, but I still don't think
it's it.. If I were a nationalist, I might move over
to Persia and start a nationalist movement there
against letting either Britain or America control
Persian oil. That might be a business with a
future to it. But an American nationalism
based pn a demand for more Persian oil, no.
Too many Americans feel that it is old-fash-
ioned to die for corporate interests, and they
wotld merely snicker. And nationalist move-
ments have to be deadly serious; a snicker cap-
sizes them.
.To go back to Colonel McCormick, he says
"it is time:to speak up for America and Ameri-
canism," in pursuit of which he demands that
our entire war production should be sent to
Colonel McCormick is a nationalist in search
of a grievance that will be. bitter enough to
make the rest of the country go nationalist. He
is a mgod~ in quest of a cause; he is a vast,
formless sorrow, hot on the track of an excuse
for gloom. Every once in a while he thinks

Telephone 23:24-1
.Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

Washington 'Sympathy' Will Not Free Jews;
All Countnes Should Fo low Upen Door Policy

AS THE UNITED STATES moves closer to
solutions in the political and military prom-
lems of the war, the President and the Congress
continue to lag behind with a do-nothing at-
titude toward one of the greatest humanitarian
issues of all times-the saving of Europe's Jews.
Hitler long ago promised, to rid the Continent
of all its Jews by the simple method of mass
murder and those. nations, which are supposedly
fighting to preserve civilization have failed to
make any move to interfere with his program
of extermination."
Last spring a 'group of diplomats met at the
Bermuda Conference to discuss the problem
of refugees in general. They came out with a
vague, carefully-worded statement that meant
nothing and brought absolutely no change in
conditions. It is not hard to understand the
fruitless character of the Bermuda meetings.
They were held on a beautiful .nd peaceful
little island, far from -the- starvation and-
plagues and death of the Warsaw ghetto.
And then in. 'August three delegates of the
Emergency Conference to Save the Jewish Peo-
ple of Europe met with Secretary of State
Cordell Hull and received his approval for a
plan to send three delegations abroad to investi-
gate possibilities of rescuing the .ews from
.Nazi-occupied Europe. The first group was to
go to Spain, where more than 6,000 Jews had
been accepted while on their way to other
countries; the second was headed for Palestine
to attempt to arrange with the British High
Commissioner for temporary visas; and the
third was to go to Turkey to consult with the
Turkish government on the issue of temporary
visas and the establishment of temporary refu-
gee camps at Jewish expense.
Representative Andrew L. Somers, these
plans fell through because, although, ull said
he viewed them favorably, the State Depa'rt-
ment has since given the group the run-around
by alternately offering the excuses that no
transportation was available, that the investi-
gation was unnecessary, or that it would have
to be reconsidered.
About six weeks ago, Washington was the
scene of a pilgrimage of 5040 orthodox rabbis
who presented a petition to .:ice-Presidept
Wallace and Congressional leaders on behalf
of the doomed Jews of Europe. One of the
most outstanding features of the apeal was
the request that the doors of Palestine be
opened immediately to refugees. The same
day that the demonstration was staged, Sena-
tor William Langer, of North Dakota, deliv-
ered a speech to the Senate in which he said
five months had passed since the Bermuda
Conference, during which time the Senate
had received no report on the Conference.
Senator Langer also brought up the point
that "Palestine has become now the only coun-
try on earth not under German jurisdiction
.where a policy of actual discrimination is car-
ried out against the Jews." He goes on to say
that since the beginning of the war every -refu,
gee, from Poland. Yugoslavia and Greece who

peoples are granted a haven there? It would
be ironical if it weren't first a complete tragedy.
WHY do our President and our Congress
stand idly by, pretending not to see, while
these conditions prevail? WHY are sym-
pathetic, statements made freely, but action
The most common answer is that nothing
can be done, But that is not true. It was
proven untrue when small Sweden saved 6,000
Jews by opening the border to them after the
Nazis ordered the Jews in Denmark deported
to Poland to be annihilated. Denmark and
Sweden certainly made the weak declarations
of the democracies sound hollow when they
showed the world how effective a little sincere
action can be. King Christian of Denmark
told the leaders of the Danish Lutheran Church,
"If the Germans want to impose the Yellow
Jewish, Star upon the Jews of Denmark, I and
my whole family will wear it as a sign of the
highest distinction."
But the Danes din't stop at making state-
ments. When Sweden announced herself
ready to receive and shelter every Jew in
Denmark, the Danish people, especially the
fishermen, aided the Jews in their escape.
What was accomplished in Sweden can be
done on even larger scales in other countries,
especially Palestine, if only the doors are opened.
Over two million Jews have already been
slaughtered by Hitler., Doesn't that move any-
one to ation? What are we waiting for?
-Betty Koffman
Lack of Supplies H0inders
ACCORDING to Gen. MacArthur's official
spokesman, Col. L. G. Diller, less than 5 per-
cent of America's military resources and less
than- 10 percent of her overseas shipping are
reaching the Southwest Pacific command, and
available men and equipment are not sufficient
for any large scale offensive against the Japan-
But the most dangerous factwas disclosed
when Col. Diller said that the percentage for air
resources is somewhat lower. In pther words,
they are less than 10 percent.
In a war where air strength and supremacy
are among the most important factors of of-
fensive action, that statement puts Southwest
Pacific air power, by sheer inadequacy, as one
of the minor factors of warfare. For com-
parative purposes, more tons of bombs have
fallen on a single German industrial city dur-
ing oneraid than all the tons cascading down
upon the Jap installations and defenses in
four weeks. .
Reasons' for such a situation might stem from
the slowing up of the production line. This
.could be by strikes, wildcat or otherwise, or the
feeling that '.The war's half won, so why rush?"

he has found it, and he grabs it, and exhibits it,
and he says: "This is why I am so furious."
And it turns out to be a Rhodes Scholar. Never
mind; he keeps looking. He is cheerful only
when he thinks he has just found out why
he is so angry.
Our would-be nationalists have even develop-
ed a motto: "What's wrong with being for Am-
erica first?" This is supposed to make the op-
position feel so ashamed it will wish it were
dead. But where do the nationalists get the
theory that we have not been for America first?
We did not fight until we were attacked. We did
not send men to war until we could no longer
keep war away by sending supplies. We still
have not fought on a major land front, though
our Russian and Chinese allies have. The na-
tionalists are inventing a heedless American
generosity which does not, in cold reality, exist,
in order to be able to attack the government
for not being greedy enough. It is a soft im-
peachment, followed by a one-two.
One must admire the courage of these men,
embarking on a nationalist movement at a
time when we are winning a war without having
been bombed. That is the spirit of enterprise
which has made America great. Never say die.
Stiff upper lip. Onward, fellows. Remember
that every silver lining has a cloud, and we'll
find it yet.
(Copyright, 1943. N.Y. Post Syndicate)
In 4t '.LI
4, a
We aren't assuming a cloak of false modesty
or feeling sorry for ourselves for not being editor
of The Daily or Dean of the Graduate School.
We aren't ashamed of our lack of importance
on campus and in the world generally.
Quite the contrary. We're proud of being one
of the nobodies Paul Robeson sings about in
"The Ballad for Americans." Remember near
the end:
"We nobodies who are anybody believe it-
We anybodies who are everybodies have no
Out of the cheating, out of the shouting,
Out of the murders and lynching,
Out of the windbags, the patriotic spouting,
Out of uncertainty and doubting,
O.ut of the carpet bag and the brass spitoon
It will come again,
Our marching song will come again."
That's where we got our name, and we have
a long heritage to live up to. We are citizens
who vote in elections (even the off-year ones),
sign anti-lynch petitions, work for better edu-
cational facilities and better housing conditions,
join in groups that are uniting for victory, try
to roll-back Drices, and fight for our country
and our democratic beliefs in 1932 as well as
in 1943.
WE SOMETIMES discover that we've got out
of the habit of democracy-that we've for-
gotten the facts of our history. Forgotten that
in many states the Constitution was adopted
only because it contained a Bill of Rights to
protect the nobodies. Forgotten that it took
an executive order, an Emancipation Proclam-
ation, to restore manhood to Negro Americans
who had hitherto been considered slaves and
pieces of property. And that it took a second
executive order, No. 8802, to insure non-dis-
crimination in employment of these Negro citi-
zens. Forgotten that nobodies began joining
together as early as 1828 to better their working
conditions, raise wages, lower hours of work,
gain recognition of workers as- members of
unions. Forgotten that Susan B. Anthony, Lu-
cretia Mott an Elizabeth Cady Stanton organ-
ized. were jailed, and organized some more,
for more than sixty years in order to make
women, who had always been less than no-
bodies, into citizens with equal rights before
the law. Forgotten that young nobodies, from
farms and factories and high schools and logg-
ing camps have fought for a chance to go to
This summer we forgot again. Forgot that
nobodies like us who go to school are equals,

not superiors, of the nobodies who are pro-
ducing war materials in defense plants. We
worried over school work, the housing and
manpower situations, and continued to main-
tain that we were so essential to the post-war
world that youths working nine and ten hours
on the swing shift must respect us for our
knowledge. "The world of 1948 will need
trained leaders," we repeated whenever, our
consciences pricked. "War jobs are all right
for stupid people who are accustomed to dull
factory routine, but we're made of different
stuff. We have to have jobs that take brains."
We forgot many things, until we got a war
job four hours a day. And then we discovered
that we couldn't find any of the "stupid people
who are accustomed to dull factory routine."
We couldn't find anyone on a production line
who LIKED the work as such . . who was
sorry to punch out and walk into the fresh air
again after spending ten hours in heat and
noise and rush.
Instead we found people working out of
economic and patriotic necessity. People with
high school education, or without; with BAs
and PhDs or masters of six-grade fundamen-
tals. All alike oppose the speed-up, bad hous-

WASHINGTON, Nov. 19. - Some
of the President's newspaper friends
who have been consistently for him
over a long period of years are now
suggesting that this is a good time
to turn the other cheek regarding
his constant feud with the press.
They suggest that he personally
could step into the current news-
print shortage and take a strong
stand onrangissue which seriously
threatens one of the basic freedoms
of the country-freedom of the press.
Actually, a good many bureau-
crats have been nibbling at the
newsprint problem, but no one has
stepped in with any forthrightness
to cut red tape and solve the prob-
lem. It now looks as if only the
White House could do this.
Not generally realized is the fact
that newsprint shortage is due not
so much to decreased woodpulp pro-
duction in the Canadian forests, but
to much greater use of cardboard
and packing material in sending
war supplies abroad. This is a
terrific drain and, though U. S.
publishers have patriotically cut
their newsprint, they will have to
cut to the bone unless energetic
moves are made by the government.
The plan put forward by newspa-
per executives friendly to the White
House includes:
1. Greater use of war prisoners
in the Canadian and Maine for-
2. More equitable distribution of
newsprint among publishers. At
present, the papers with the big
Sunday editions have scarcely suf-
fered at all, being able to absorb
their paper cuts out of their Sun-
day "fat.". On the other hand,
medium-sized papers may have to
take terrific punishment.
3. Stricter supervision of cuts by
throw-aways, dodgers, comic mag-
azines and newsprint users who
have not kept such accurate rec-
ords of their past consumption.
The newsprint industry has suf-
fered by its past efficiency, having
kept very accurate records.
4. More emphasis on the paper
salvage campaign. At present,
only 35 percent of the nation's
waste paper is being collected and
salvaged. The waste paper re-
claiming machinery is running at
only 51 percent of capacity. Ap-
proximately 6,090,000 tons of waste
paper are normally collected and
sold for paper board but now only
two million.
The newspapers stepped in and
did a great job of collecting scrap
iron when the nation needed it, but
now, when the newspapers need

newsprint, they themselves are some-
what handicapped in blowing their
What the White House will do re-
mains to be seen.
Anti-Subsidy Fight . .
It's a sure bet that the anti-sub-
sidy bill fathered by Alabama's pa-
ternal Henry Steagall will pass the
House of Representatives by a two-
thirds vote. It will also pass the
Senate. This would mean the aboli-
tion of subsidies on almost all prod-
ucts except those grown around
Congressman Steaglall's district-
namely peanuts and cotton-seed. It
would also mean the end of the
President's most cherished plan to
check inflation.
However, it is also considered a
good bet that Congress would not
pass the bill over the President's
veto. The two-thirds on original
passage would waver when it came
to-over-riding a veto.
Liquor Investigation ..
If -the Senate committee investi-
gating the liquor industry digs deep-
er than the surface, it will find one
of the largest whiskey combines in
history now controlling the liquor
business of the United States. They
will find that 80 to 90 percent of all
U. S. whiskey is in the hands of four
big companies. They will also find
that the Big 4 have been buying up
little companies recently not merely

to get their distilling equipment but
to get their unused liquor stocks.
Even six years ago, during the
TENC monopoly hearings, it was
found that the Big 4-Schenley;
Seagrams, Hiram Walker and Na-
tional Distillers-produced 64 per-
cent of all whiskey. Equally imi
portant, they held 78 percent of all
4-year-old stocks.
Since then, they have been buyin
more and mode companies. Sea
grams recently bought Frankfor
Distilleries, thereby acquiring Fou
Roses and Paul Jones. It is report
ed that National is now negotiatin
to buy Century.b Others which ma
fall under the drive are Brown- For
man, Bean Distilling and Park
All this has caused the Federa
Trade Commission to launch a quie
investigation under the Clayton Ac
The Clayton' Act prohibits any com
pany from acquiring stock of an
other company to lessen competitio
How much cooperation there is
between the Big 4 is not known.
But it is significant that one bank,
Bankers Trust of N. Y., has a hold
on both Schenley and Seagra us
through loans. Schenley borrowed 4
$27,000,000 and Seagrams $28,000,-
000, at about the some time.
Note-Hiram Walker is finance
by Canadian capital, while Ieagram
is largely held by the Bronfma
family, also Canadian.
(Copyright, 1943, United Features Synd.)

"It's disgusting! From the way they act you'd think it was
something the butcher brought, instead of something the
doctor brought!"


FRIDAY, NOV. 19, 1943
VOL. LIV. No. 16
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
Presidenit in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tires should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
IIdentification Cards are now ready
for distribution at the Office of the
Dean of Students, Room 2, University
Hall. Warning: The cards must be
handled carefully, because the only
paste which is available is very infer-
iom to the rubber cement which was
used in the pastC We will be glad to
repaste pictures which drop of fthe
cards, but if they are lost, they can
be replaced only upon the payment
of a dollar.
Seniors in Aeronautical and Me-
chanical Engineering: Dr. Levin of
the Consolidated-Vultee Aircraft Cor-
poration, San Diego, Calif., will inter-
view graduating seniors on Monday
morning, Nov. 22, in Room B-47 East
Engineering Building. Interested men
will please sign the interview schedule
posted on the Aeronautical Engineer-
ing Bulletin Board, near Room B-47'
East Engineering Building. Applica-
tion blanks are to be filled out mn ad-
vance of the interview and may be
Qbtained in the Aeronautical Depart-
ment Office.
Sigma Xi: Members who have
transferred from other chapters and
who are not yet affiliated with the
Michigan Chapter are cordially in-
vited to notify the Secretary, Wayne
Whitaker, Room 4561, East Medical
Building, or phone Ext. 767, giving
membership status, year of election,j
and chapter where initiated. The
next meeting will be held on Monday,
Dec. 6.


is no registration fee this week, butc
after Friday a late registration fee oft
one dollar is required. The office oft
the Bureau is at 201 Mason Hall.
University Bureau of Appointmentst
and Occupational Information 1
Mail is being held at the Business.
Office of the University for the fol-t
lowing people: Dr. Paul A. Andrews,
Lee Adair, Mary P. Connolly, Everett1
Dingman, Irene Brooks, Gene Gil-r
more, JosephGoodrich, Alexander
Graham, Nev Gurbus, Pauline Hart,
S. Hayase, Dorothy Heagy, Albert J.1
Robert B. Hold, Harry E. Hoy,
Katherine Jackson, Richard Jenkins,
Sydney Johnson, Wilfred Kelley,
Marcella Kimmell, William V. King,
Felice Kozak, Dr. Dorothy A. Leake,
Lois C. Lillick, Lewis Major, Charles
Myers, Dr. Russell E. McBroom.
J. C. McMahon, Mrs. M. Ross Mor-
an, Frank Nelson, Tod Nichols, Ber-
ton Olsen, A. D. Osborne, C. H. Pow-
ell, Robert M. Ranftl, Joan Read,
Harold Rhem, Dr. G. A. Richardson,
Irene Rosensweig, Lyman Ross.
Nancy Anne Rynoch, David
Schmidt, Dr. Henry C. Severence,
George W. S. Sherrill, Joan Shnettler,
Tattnall Simkins, Howard Slater,
W. Matt Smiles, Prof. A. J. Spieker,
A. G. Springer, Marion Stacey, Frank
Staya, M. A. Stephenson, Norbert A.
Tomkin, Ruth L. Tyroler, Miss Urabe,
Harol L. Votey, Dr. Helen White,
George Yandeau, Mrs. A. M. Yer-
wood, T. C. Yoecker.
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments has received notice of the fol-
lowing Civil Service Examinations:
State of Michigan: Arts and Crafts
Teacher, $180 to $220 per month;
Elementary General Teacher, $180 to
$220 per month; Kindergarten Sense
Training Teacher, $180 to $220 per
month; Manual Arts Teacher, $180
to $220 per month; Music Teacher,

of Maternal and Child Health, $400
to $535 per month; Assistant Direc-
tor of Maternal and Child Health,
$300 to $400 per month; Field Nutri-
tionist, $150 to $175 per month; Pub-
lic Health Nurse, $150 to $200 per
month. Closing date for above appli-
cations is Nov. 27, 1943. Further in-
formation may be had from the no-
tices which are on file in the office
of the Bureau of Appointments, 201
Mason Hall, office hours 9-12 and
German Departmental Library
hours, Fall Term 1943-44: 1:30-4:36
p.m., Monday through Friday; 10:0;-
12:00 a.m., Tuesdays and Saturday4,
204 Unive'sity Hall.
All of the girls who signed up to
USO hostesses must turn in their tw
letters of recommendation to Mr.
Burton in the Office of the Soci
Director at the League as soon
University Lecture: Dr. Albert
Burrows, Professor of Economics ani
Sociology at Northern Michigan Co -
lege of Education, will lecture on t e
subject, "Social Problems of the Nor-
thern Peninsula" under the auspics
of the Department of Sociology on
Friday, Nov. 26, at 4:15 p.m. in the
Rackham Amphitheatre. The public
is invited.,
Academic Notices
To all male students in the Coll4e
of Literature, Science, and theA :
By action of the Board of Regeno,
all male students in residence in tis
College must elect Physical Educa-
tion for Men. This action has been
effective since June, 1943, and. will
continue for the duration of the war.

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