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March 19, 1944 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-03-19

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V.:ew on University

Stuadents

Discass-ion Justified

PRESENTING THE OTHER SIDE:
Press ignores Issue in Finn Case

Mi. , % {{g' 5 n s <~n~
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to itor
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44

SURPRISE and emphatic denial may be forth-
coming from University students as a result
of President Alexander G. Ruthven's statement
made Friday at a Michigan Academy meeting,
"From my experience," President Ruthven
declared, "you can expect better results from
well-conducted discussions among adults from
any group in society than you can from any
class of undergraduates in a University.'
Startling as that statement may be to some
students, it is, unfortunately, too true to laugh
off. We consistently hear loud-voiced complaints
that "the University is falling down on its job of
educating students for intelligent participation
in community life." We find individuals arguing
that they are seldom given a chance to show
what they know or what they can do in a class-
room. We find them on campus and in the dor-
mitories, soundly condemning their classes, their
professors, and the University for failing to teach
them or to give them an opportunity to think.
They offer examples of professors who willy-
nilly expound and force their opinions upon the
class. The students point out that some instruc-
tors have even gone so far as to penalize an in-
dividual by a lower grade should he differ from
the suggested venerable opinion.
Undoubtedly these statements may be justi-
fied with examples. Nevertheless, students
who excuse their own lack of interest or who
rationalize about their failure to participate
in classroom discussions are placing part of
the blame on the wrong shoulders.
We have attended countless classes where pro-
fessors attempted to start a discussion, only to
have their leading question hang conspicuously
in an uncomfortable silence. The students were
either too uninterested or else too poorly in-
formed to make any contribution to the class.
We have seen organizations make genuine at-
tempts to create an interest in current social,

political and economic problems, only to have
their panel discussions attended by a negligible
number of students.
We have looked'around in lecture halls and
have noted the sparse representation of the stu-
dent body. We have heard too often students
make the statements, "Well, I really don't know
enough about that to say." It matters not whe-.
ther the issue is post-war education, the soldier
vote bill, the 18-year old vote, or juvenile delin-
quency.
TUDENTS CAN ARGUE with a certain jus-
tification that they are too busy to attend all
the oultside lectures and panel discussions that
are scheduled. They can point out that war
work, their classes on the accelerated program,
and their studies keep them very occupied. But
still these explanations do not excuse ignorance,
or indifference among college students.
That there are ample opportunities present-
ed for intelligent student discussion on import-
ant economic, social and political problems is
apparent. Have you, for example, ever attend-
ed a Post-War Council panel discussion? Have
you been interested enough in the soldier vote
to write your congressman? Have you volun-
teered to express an opinion in class? Do you
ever choose to attend a worth-while lecture in
preference to a movie? Did you listen to any of
the Academy papers presented Friday?
University students will face a responsibility
which they cannot shirk. Their ability to parti-
cipate in and contribute to any discussion when
they leave college will depend to a large extent
upon their interest in problems and issues at the
present time. To ignore this obligation is to sub-
stantiate President Ruthven's statement that
any group of adults will carry on a better dis-
cussion than any class of undergraduates in a
I university,-Virginia Rock

ON FEBRUARY 21 the American
reactionary press, led by the,
Hearst newspapers, published a story"
purporting to give the Russian peace
or armistice terms to Finland.
Under the heading "'TE RMS TO
FINNS BARE RED AIMS," the
Hearst writers stated that the Sov-
iet terms meant "the annihilation
of that nation." Editorially the
papers said: "The Russian terms
of surrender and peace are not
terms of military surrender but of
national submission and disinte-
gration."
All these stories and editorials are
press falsehoods. The terms were not
issued until March 1. Not one of
them tallied with the Hearst reports.
When the terms were announced-
restoration of the 1940 status plus
internment of the Germans - the
press which is not pro-Nazi united in
calling them mild, liberal, acceptable.
The main fact about Finland has
been thoroughly suppressed. The
fact is that for a large part of its
history Finland has been a Fascist
dictatorship.
So long as the Fascist parties and
the Parliament controlled by the
landowners ran the nation, Finland
was Fascist. THIS IS A HISTOR-
IC FACT.

The majority of noted American1
correspondents who covered the 1
Russo-Finnish War have confessed
that they were misinformed by the
Finns, that they had given nothing
but Finnish propaganda, and that,
they had lied.
TWO of the best known falsehoods,
regarding the Finnish situation.
concern the war debts and Finnish
action against the Americans. "Brave
little Finland" is not only democratic,
but it has paid its war debts to the
United States, and has never at-
tacked us. AT LEAST, THAT IS
WHAT THE PRESS SAYS.
The facts: Finland has no war
debt. Finland was not a nation in
1914 and copld therefore have no
war debt. It is true however that
Finland established a democracy
in 1917 but it was smashed by the
reactionary forces led by Manner-
heim and accompanied by ruthless
slaughter... the "war debt" it has
been paying resulted from obliga-
tions incurred by Mannerheim for
supplies and ammunition from
1919 to 1921.
As for the falsehood about Finland
not attacking America, the fact is

that the National Maritime Union,
which has lost thousands of men in
this war, knows th'at many Ameri-
cans were killed by Finnish aviators.
There is one fact never mentioned
in the American press, and that is
Finnish fascism. The historical
truth cannot be found in our news-
papers, nor can all the facts be given
here.
Joachim Joesten's new book, "What
Russia Wants," details the prepara-
tion the Nazis made to use Finland
as a jumping off place for the drives
upon Leningrad and Murmansk.
The Finnish airforce and navy
came under Nazi control in 1930
and a German submarine and air
base was established in Finland in
19837. There are dozens of such
facts which every European jour-
nalist was familiar, and which the
American press refused to print.
Not only have "Finnish airmen
sunk American ships" but the Fascist
Finns want to see America defeated
by Japan. This fact was reported on
December 8, 1942, when the Japs and
Finns in Helsinki celebrated Japan's
victory through treachery at Pearl
Harbor.
Condensed from In; Fact

Editorial Staff

Jane Farrant
Claire Sherman
Stan Wallace
Evelyn Phillips
Harvey Frank
Bud Low.
Jo Ann Peterson .
Mary .Anne Olson.
Marjorie Rosmarin
Elizabeth Carpente
Marge Batt

Managing Editor
. Editorial Director
. . . . . . City Editor
Associate Editor
Sports Editor
Associate Sports Editor
. . . Associate Sports Editor
Womnen's Editor
Associate Women's Editor
Business Sta ff
r sisS Business Manager
. Ass't Business Manager

.

Telephone 23-24-1
NIGHT EDITOR: CLAIRE SHERMAN
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are Writtten by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
STILL AT IT:
Dies Accused of Trying
To Block All Criticism
THE BITTER BATTLE between Walter Win-
chell and Rep. Martin Dies is moving rapidly
to a climax. This weekend the Dies Committee
ordered an investigation of the commentator's
broadcasts of the past two years, and the Blue
Network announced that it has offered Repre-
sentative Dies time ,on the air to answer Win-
chell.
It looks as if Representative Dies is afraid
of Winchell and wishes to silence him by any
means possible, as Winchell has charged that
the Congressman proposed a non-aggression
pact. According to the broadcaster, Repre-
sentative Dies said he would halt his attacks
on Winchell if Winchell would promise to do
the same. That makes it look as if Dies is
more interested in blocking all criticism than
in maintaining accuracy in broadcasting.
Representative Dies' main objection seems to
be that Winchell is trying to "smear" certain
members of Congress. But "smearing" is a good
old American institution. When the Hearst-
Patterson-McCormick axis smears the President
and the Administration in general, Representa-
tive Dies makes no complaint. Or when this
same clique undermines the efficiency of the
OPA and other agencies needed on the home
front, he looks the other way. Under these cir-
cumstances he fails to see a threat to our
country.
It seems that everything depends on what
side you are on. When Martin Dies is blasted
and exposed by Walter Winchell, then criti-
cism in wartime is a dangerous thing and
should be censored. But when New Dealers
holding governmental positions are hit by an
irresponsible and often-hysterical group, criti-
cism is an essential part of the American sys-
tem of democracy.
Whatever Representative Dies has to say in
answer to Winchell on the pending broadcast,
it will be enlightening to attempt to apply his
statements to the vociferous opposition and see
if they still are sound.
-Betty Koffman
TOTAL WA :
Destruction of Historical
Treasures Is Inevitable
THE CURRENT FUROR over safeguarding of
cultural and religious monuments in Rome
is futile if not pathetic. The situation is anala-
gous to that of a man who runs back into his
burning house to rescue the family album oa
some other object of sentimental value.
Total war is never a pretty thing. Before we
hold up our hands and gasp in horror at the
destruction of a famous cathedral or the bomb-
ing of an art museum, let's stop to consider the
slaughter of countless human lives, the whole-
sale uprooting of society, the destruction of civil-
ization, which are a thousand times as horrifying
as the destruction of any cultural monument
could be.
It is ridiculous to accuse the Nazis of using
the cultural and religious aspects of Rome as a

By SAMUEL GRAFTON

NEW YORK, Mar. 18- Well, fellows, we might
as well face it, the key word for the next few
months is going to be "smear."
You take Miss Jessie Sumner, member of the
House of Representatives, from Illinois. She has
just introduced a resolution to call off the second
front. Under her resolution, the President would
not be allowed to have us invade Europe until
he could give an absolute guarantee" that the
invasion would succeed. That is the safest way
to fight a war, of course, none better, but it is
also highly unusual.
Miss Sumner has introduced a companion
resolution, which would transfer our major
5OLIDARITY is a social virtue. It may be a
religious vice. When a group so fully types
all its members, old and young, that no one of
them can act upon a new idea or lead in a needed
reform, solidarity is a liability. However, soli-
darity, as society is measured, is an asset. During
this election period in wartime, we will need to
court both social solidarity and religious inde-
pendence. How can we entertain both? All of
us have this problem.
First, make certain that you deal with fact,
not fiction. Every ideal or inspiration or good
intention goes forward by use of factual state-
ment. If the facts will hold, one-half of the
battle, within the democratic way, is won. The
other half can then have attention.
Second, interpret the facts cautiously, making
sure that every opposing view gets fair state-
ment. Having started the interpretation by a
generous attitude toward the opponent, one is
free to make his argument. The man who fails
to represent his opponent truthfully has joined
that sad but growing company of dissenters from
democracy, called Quislings.
Third, practice finding some good in the
citizen with whom you differ. Solidarity is so
constructed. The Christian and the Jew have
more in common by far than in difference. The
Caucasian and the Negro, being men, have a
thousand things in common for every item of
difference. The ardent Republican and the
zealous Democrat are American together be-
fore they are party rivals.
Fourth, take time to read the literature of
those whom you are about to vote against. If
your own advocacy will not endure the argu-
ments of the other felow, you will need to go
deeper into the subject. In so entering politics
you may eventually get down to statesmanship.
He serves his nation best who can promote
solidarity without shortening freedom at any
point. He serves God most acceptably who can
pursue a fresh ideal without contempt nor hatred
for his enemies.
Edward W. Blakeman
Counselor in Religious Education

war effort to the Pacific, and pub General
MacArthur in absolute command of it. At this
point it seems to have occurred to Miss Sum-
ner that someone might pass a remark about
how General MacArthur is awfully popular
with people who have some funny ideas about
the relative imnportance of the war in Europe.
And so Miss Sumner warns us solemnly, in a
formal speech, that she thinks MacArthur is
about to be made the victim of "a smear
campaign."
Funny, about that word "smear." It keeps
coming up, every day. Mr. Hoffman of Michigan
has just delivered a speech condemning the use
of "smear" tactics. Mr. Hoffman wants us to
know that there are a lot of "smearers" around,
a regular "smear brigade," he says; we had better
be on our guard against them. '
All sincere citizens will applaud Mr. Hoff-
man's efforts to raise the level of public dis-
course in this country. Smearing is definitely
un-American. Mr. Hoffman ought to deliver
many further speeches on this subject. For
instance, there was a fellow this very week
who said that the heads of the C.I.O. were
"deliberately" hampering the war effort.
That's a smear. It ought to be rebuked.
Just a minute, while I leaf through these
clips, here, and find the name of the man who
said it. How do I get these pockets so full? Oh,
here it is. Why, it was Mr. Hoffman who said
that about the C.I.O.! Well, it's still a good issue,
M R. MARTIN DIES of Texas has also become
worried about "smears" lately. He says that
60 per cent of the statements made by some radio
commentators are "absolutely false." He wants
an investigation. Wouldn't it be a more modest
beginning for a campaign against smearing and
exaggeration if Mr. Dies were to tone that esti-
mate down and to sugger only that, perhaps,
30 per cent of radio scripts are lies? Well, split
the difference. Make it 45.
But it is especially among the so-called
nationalists" (they used to be isolationists)
that we have this intense new concern with
"smearing." "Smearing" is now their favorite
phobia. "Smear" has become the key word
of curent debate, even replacing "bureaucrat."
But it is more important to note that our
nationalist friends are up to their old game of
obscurantism again. They want to switch us
over, from discussing the future of the world to
discussing the manners of Walter Winchell. Just
as they used to get us to talk about "bureaucrats"
when the issue was mobilization for war, and to
talk about England, when the issue was Ger-
many, now they seek to make us talk about
"smearing," when the issue is still isolation.
Presto, changeo, they are forever making these
switches.
But if you rub your eyes and look closely you
will see that the issue has not changed. It is
still whether we are going to be isolationist, or
whether we are going to make sense. The issue
is not what words we use, but what time it is.
The issue is whether we are going to let anybody

DAILY OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
SUNDAY, MARCH 19, 1944 1
VOL. LIV No. 97'
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. oC the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:3 a.m.
Notices
Notice: Attention of all concerned,!
and particularly of those having offi-
ces in Haven Hall, or the western
portion of the Natural Science Build-
ing is directed to the fact that park-
ing or standing of cars in the drive-
way between these two buildings is
prohibited because it is at all times
inconvenient to other drivers and to
pedestrians on the Diagonal and
other walks. If members of your fam-
ily call for you, especially at noon
when traffic both on wheels and on
foot is heavy, it is especially urged
that the car wait for you in the park-
ing space adjacent to the north door
of University Hall. Waiting in the
driveway blocks traffic and involves
confusion, inconvenience and danger
just as much when a person is sitting
in a car as when the car is parked
empty.
University Senate Committee
on Parking
To all male students in the College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:
By action of the Board of Regents, all
male students in residence in this
College mhust elect Physical Educa-
tion for Men. This action has been
effective since June, 1943, and will
continue for the duration of the war.
Students may be excused from tak-
ing the course by (1) The University
Health Service, (2) The Dean of the
College or by his representative, (3)
The Director of Physical Education
and Athletics.
Petitions for exemption by stu-
dents in this College should be ad-
dressed by freshmen to Professor
Arthur Van Duren, Chairman of the
Academic Counselors (108 Mason
Hall); by all other students to Assis-
tant Dean E. A. Walter (1220 Angell
Hall).
Except under very extraordinary
circumstances no petitions will be
consiared after the end of the third
week of the Spring Term.
School of Education Faculty: The
regular meeting of the faculty will be
held on Tuesday, March 21, in the
University Elementary School Li-
brary. The meeting will convene at
4:15 p.m.
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence and the Arts: Attendance report
cards are being distributed through
the departmental offices. Instructors
are requested to report absences of
freshmen on green cards, directly to
the Office of the Academic Counsel-
ors, 108 Mason Hall. Buff cards
should be used in reporting sopho-
mores, juniors and seniors to 1220
Angell Hall.
Please note especially the regula-
tions concerning three-week absen-
ces, and the time limits for dropping
courses. The rules relating to ab-
sences are printed on the attendance
cards. They may also be found on
page 47 of the 1943-44 Announce-
ment of our College.

Registration will be held this week
for all those who are interested in
camp work and summer work of all1
kinds. There are many calls on hand
at present. Early registration is ad-
vised. University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Informa-
tion, 201 Mason Hall. Office hours
are 9 to 12 a.m. and 2 to 4 p.m. The
office closes at noon on Saturdays.1
Lectures
University Lecture: "Regionalism:
A Concept of Social Planning." Dr.1
Carol Aronovici, Director of the Col-
umbia University Housing Study;
auspices of the College of Architec-
ture and Design and the Department
of Sociology, Monday, March 20, 4:15
p.m., Rackham amphitheatre.
Academic Notices;
Students, College of Literature,'
Science and the Arts: No course may'
be elected for credit after the end of
the third week of the spring term.'
March 25 is therefore the last date'
on which new elections may be ap-'
proved. The willingness of atn indi-
vidual instructor to admit a student
later does not affect the operation of
this rule.
Eligibility Rules for the Spring
Term: First term freshmen will be
allowed to participate in extra-cur-
ricular activities but will have their
grades checked by their academic
counsellors or mentors at the end of
the five-week period and at mid-
semester. Continued participation
after these checks will depend upon
permission of the academic counsel-
lors or mentors. All other students
who are not on probation or the
warned list are eligible.
Anyone on PROBATION or the
WARNED LIST is definitely ineligi-
ble to take part in any public activity
and a student who participates under
these circumstances will be subject
to discipline by the authorities of
the school or college in which he or
she is enrolled.
Participation in a public activity
is defined as service of any kind on
a committee or a publication, in a
public performance or a rehearsal,
holding office or being a candidate
for office in a class or other student
organization, or any similar function.
In order to keep the personnel rec-
ords up to date in the Office of the
Dean of Students, the president or
chairman of any club or activity
should submit a list of those par-
ticipating each term on forms ob-
tainable in Room 2, University Hall.
These records are referred to con-
stantly by University authorities,
governmental agencies and industrial
concerns throughout the country and
the more complete they are, the more
valuable they become to the Univer-
sity and the student.
Students, College of Literature,
Science and the Arts: Students who
fail to file their election blanks by
the close of the third week of the
spring term, even though they have
registered and have attended classes
unofficially; will forfeit their privi-
lege of continuing in the College.
Students, College of Literature,
Science and the Arts: Election cards
filed after the end of the first week
of the semester may be accepted by
the Registrar's Office only if they
are approved by Assistant Dean Wal-
ter.
Kothe - Hildner Annual German
Language Award offered students in
Courses 31, 32, 35 and 36. The con-
test, a translation test (German-
English and English-German), car-
ries two stipends of $20 and $30 and
will be held from 2 to 4 p.m. Friday,
March 24. Students who wish to
compete and who have not yet hand-
ed in their aplications should do so

who have not yet handed in their
applications should do so immediate-
ly in atm. 2014 University Hall.
English 45, Sec. 1: Assignment for
Tuesday, March 21, Poe's essay on
Hawthorne's "Twice-Told Tales."
Make-up Final Examination for
Economics 51, 52, 53, and 54 will be
given at 3 o'clock Thursday, March
23, in Room 207 Economics Building.
Bacteriology Seminar: Tuesday,
March 21, at 4:30; Room 1564 East
Medical Building. Subject: Some II-
fectious Diseases of South America.
All interested are invited.

concerts

Frances Griffin, violinist, will pre-
sent a recital in partial fulfillment
of the requirements for the degree
of Bachelor of Music at 8:30 p.m.,
Wednesday, March 22, in Lydia Men-
delssohn Theater. She will be ac-
companied at the piano by Dorothy
Ornest Feldman in a program of
works by Handel, Bach, Bruch,
Brahms, Granados and deFalla. Miss
Griffin is a pupil of Gilbert Ross.
The public is cordially invited.
Exhibitions
University Museums: a) Penicil-
lium notatum, the fungus from
which the drug penicillin is derived,
b) The Beginning of Human Indus-
try.
Events Today
The Michigan Christian Fellowship
will meet this afternoon at 4:30 in
the Fireplace Room, Lane Hall.
The Graduate Outing Club will
hold its first meeting in the spring
term this afternoon at 2:30 at the
club quarters, Rackham Hall, north-
west corner entrance.
All graduate students, alumni and
faculty members are cordially invited
to investigate and to take an active
part in our program of outdoor and
indoor activities.
Gamma Delta, Lutheran Student
Club, will have a supper meeting to-
day at 5:00 at the Lutheran Student
Center, 1511 Washtenaw Avenue.
Coming Events
Meeting of the Hopwood Commit-
tee, Monday afternoon, March 20, at
4:00 o'clock in the office of Dean
Kraus. Purpose: Distribution of
freshman awards.
French Play: Tryouts for French
Play, Monday, March 20, 2-4 p.m.
and Tuesday, March 21, 3-5 p.m., Rm.
408, Romance Language Bldg.
Assembly Recognition Night Tick-
et Committee: There will be an im-
portant meeting Wednesday, March
22, at 4:30 in the League. Attendance
of all members (or a substitute) is
requested, as tickets will be distri-
buted.
"Trends and the Future Outlook
in Employment Discrimination" will
be the topic of a talk to be given by
Mr. Albert Cohen, Tuesday, March
21 at 8 p.m. at the Hillel Foundation.
All those interested in receiving vo-
cational guidance in career planning
are urged to attend.
Michigan Youth for Democratic
Action will hold a general meeting
Monday, March 20, at 7:45 p.m. in
the Union (room to be posted). The
topic for the meeting will be World
Youth Week, and the new member-
ship drive will be launched. New
members (or those interested in be-

switch issues on us.
(Copyright, 1944, New

York Post Syndicate)

BARNABY
This is Congressman O'Malley's
floor, Barnaby. Watch your step.

By Crockett Johnson
- -- -- -- --I

FLOOR DIRECTORY'
f- --

F'm sure he s '
.. a t.. , ..

You and your old man
soching for O'Malley"

"C

His offnce is this way. Didn't 1
hear you talking to someone?

I

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