TIlE MTCHICAN rAlly
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Nelson SaysIndustry Must Bow to Manpower Needs oj
Steelmen Told A
To Expect Loss
Of Labor Supply
Need for Young Army
Men from War Plants
m -_- _ _
PUBLIC OPINION SUP PRESSED:
Minority Group Controls Argentina
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, March 16. - To
build a young man's army, the high
command has decided to sacrifice
war production if necessary, the steel
industry was informed today by
Chairman Donald M. Nelson of the
War Production Board.
Military requirements call for the
combat use of virtually every avail-
able-bodied man in the country under
26, Nelson was quoted-by highly re-
liable sources-as telling a closed
meeting of the steel industry advis-
An official account of Nelson's
message, released later, gave a re-
phrased wersion but quoted Nelson as
declaring that the Army and Navy
need men and "they must get the
men, even if it means losing produc-
The steelmen were informed, it was'
officially revealed that they must
expect "severe manpower losses in
the next few months because of the
Selective Service Director Lewis B.
Hershey, who also addressed the
group, stressed the armed forces' need
for young men between 18 and 26.
Hershey expressed "sympathy" with
the manpower problems of industry,
and told the producers they "should
not be dismayed" if they fail to meet
production quotas because of military
demands for men.
Nelson More Optimistic
Nelson, slightly more optimistic,
declared that all industry undoubt-
edly 'faces one of the most difficult
periods of the war, but voiced con-
fidence in its ability to "produce all
the goods needed despite manpower
Some of the steel men, however,
forecast serious losses in production.
They said there are 42,000 fewer men
working in steel plants now than two
months ago, while the rate of decline
Earlier in the day, Selective Sert-
ice told a Congressional committee
that 160,000 pre-war fathers had to
be drafted ahead of their time be-
cause Paul V. 1MicNutt's War Man-
power Commission failed to produce
replacements for young men deferred
because of their industrial jobs.
FIREMEN SEARCH the charred wreckage of a trapsport plane which crashed at La Guardia Field in
New York. Field observers said the plane struck a fence when coming in to land. At least two bodies
were removed from the debris. (AP Wirephoto.)
THERE ARE SUCH THINGS:
63 Students ake Straight-A
Average for Fall Semester
Forty-one students in the literary
college received all A's last semester
while 16 earned a 4.0 average in the
Three men in the Navy and three
public health majors also achieved
perfect records. The complete list
of names, as released by the Univer-
Literary College: Sarah B. Ames,
Jean Baxter, Lois E. Brandenburg,
Mary J. Buckley, Elizabeth F. Bugh-
er, Elizabeth Ann Campbell, Ruth S.
Collins, Alice Fleming, Lenore Frane,
Richard J. Fritz, Anita Gilleo, John
H. Griffith, Karl T. Hecht, Liselotte
Hecht, John F. Hoffman, Jean L.
Hole, Israel S. Jacobs, William J.
Kehoe, Royal G. Kerr, Eugene J.
Kulinski, Harry Loberman.
Violet Misekow, Leon D. Ostran-
der, Doris B. Rabinowitz, Elaine
Raiss, Constance Rinehart, Kenneth
W. Scott, Raymond J. Shinn, Helen
F. Simpson, Isadore M. Singer, Alfred
A. Srere, Yuma W. Stahmer, Con-
stance A. Taber, Florence R. Tucker,
Edith M. Van Andel, Marjorie Van
Eenam, Helen E. Ward, Roberta .P.
Wilber, Lester M. Wolfson, Joan P.
Welker and David V. Wend.
College of Engineering: Nora S.
Altman, Gerald R. Bouwkamp, Ralph
A: Dage, Jack R. Elenbaas, Alan
Frane, Melrose M. Jesurun, Donald
H. McPherson, Henry M. Noritake,
A. Donn Resnick, Spencer W. Roberts
Jr., Carl W. Sanders, Robert L. Tay-
lor, Donald H. Vance, Jack D. Ver-
schoor, John C. Wahr and Charles
W. Wilson III.
Navy: Harvey L. Weisberg, Wil-
liam J. Westmaas and J. D. Wheeler.
School of Public Health: Wilma
Becknell, Morton S. Hilbert and
Frances C. Hunter.
Propose Plan for 4-F's
WASHINGTON, March 16.-(A')-
The suggestion was advanced before
a House military subcommittee today
that a plan might be worked out
whereby men clased as 4-F under
Selective Service could be used in
essential occupations in a manner
similar to that adopted for consci-
Clemencea . ..
(Continued from Page 1)
Clemenceau of this wvar, the tiger of
France, the beloved man, the father
"This war sees another Clemen-
ceau. Gen. DeGaulle sent him to
Washington, where he is now a
member of the French supply coun-
cil. His aim is the liberation and
reconstruction of France."
Gen, DeGaulle Is Praised
Clemenceau, in a short interview
after his speech, pointed out that
60,000 French soldiers have died
since the fall of France, a number
much larger than the similar figure
for the United States.
Pointing to an autographed pic-
ture of DeGaulle he said, "He is a
great man and is trying to do his
By VALERIE ANDREWS
"The trouble in Argentina is not
with the great mass of the people but
with a stubborn reationary and
ultra-pious minority who wish to
control the destiny of their own
country and eventually of South Am-
erica along undemocratic lines," Prof.
H. H. Bartlett of the botany depart-
ment, said yesterday.
Prof. Bartlett spent the past year'
and a half working on rubber re-
search for the government, studying
the establishment of the culture of
the Mexican rubber shrub, "guayule,
in South American and Mexico.
"It is only fair to add, however,'
he stated, "that there is strong op-
position to totalitarianism and un-
constitutional government on the part
of two or three conspicuous members
of the Roman Catholic hierarchy. If
one makes an exception of the ruling
minority, the Argentinos are an ad-
Prof. Bartlett, who said he was im-
pressed by the differences in politi-
cal views of the South American
countries he worked in, commented
that."public opinion in Argentina, if
it were effective, would undoubtedly
place that country among the lead-
ers in democracy."
"However," he said, "public opin-
ion is entirely suppressed and the
people have very little left in the
way of political rights. Argentina
is even less progressive in its at-
titudes than Chile or Uruguay be-
cause it has not been accustomed
to having a government responsible
to public opinion."
Prof. Bartlett remarked that Ar-
gentina was under the thumb of a
clique of Army officers which engin-
eered the June Revolution and of the
church which, with some notable ex-
ceptions, is reactionary and anti-
"One of the most recent reaction-
ary movements in Argentina," he
commented, "was to establish com-
pulsory Catholic religious instruction
in the schools. This indicates retro-
gression from democracy."
"However, there is a strong move-
ment on the part of the truly ad-
vanced thinkers of Argentina in fav-
or of a democracy and solidarity with
the Western Hemisphere," he ex-
plained. "Not long ago about 150
scientific and intellectual leaders in
Argentina were so brave as to sign
a declaration of their anti-fascist
attitude, for which they were dis-
missed from their positions in the
universities and government depart-
"The progressive group now be-
ing persecuted for a stand in favor
LOS ANGELES, March 16.--()-
Rpbert H. Cromwell enclosed his left-
over aspirin tablets when he mailed
his income tax return to the Collec-
tor of Internal Revenue.
He might have saved not only the
aspirin, but $16, Collector Harry C.
Westover returned the $16 but kept
of democracy included Bernardo A.
Houssay, Argentina's Nobel Prize
winner, who is by many considered
to be Latin America's most emin-
ent scientist," he continued. "They
will go down in Argentinian history
Prof. Bartlett expressed the belief
that as long as Argentina's genuine
and thoroughly respected intellectual
leaders are willing to declare them-
selves as opposed to fascism and to
be persecuted for their stand, Ar-
gentina is in a fair way to reestablish
a constitutional government and its
good standing in the community of
Visitors Well Treated
He added that "A visitor to Ar-
gentina meets with every courtesy
and consideration and leaves with a
feeling of high admiration and re-
gard for the people as a whole; and
I believe I voice the opinion of all
recent visitors whom I have met."
"Chile is a leader in South America
in the field of social progress even
though there is strong opposition by
some people to its new movement to-
ward the betterment of the average
man," he said.
"Chile has a very self-conscious
working element which is engaged in
active propaganda to do away with
the old land tenure system of Chile
which has kept most of the land in
the hands of a few people and most
of the people in relative poverty," he
explained. "The result has been a
response which makes Chile a leader
in social legislation."
Uruguay Most Advanced
Prof. Bartlett expressed the opin-
ion that Uruguay is politically the
most advanced nation of those in
which he worked and that although
it is not as wealthy in proportion
to its size and population as Argen-
tina, there is .effective. participation
of the citizens in the government
of the country.
"There is no restriction whatso-
'ever upon :freedom of" the press,
freedom of speech, and freedom of
belief there," he said.
He added that the church has less
of a throttle grip upon the country,
although as large a proportion of the
people are nominally Catholic as in
other South American countries, and
he remarked that Uruguay really has
a respectable constitutional govern-
ment and holds elections.
Economic Independence Seen
Prof. Bartlett said, that although
he was in South America to do ag-
ricultural.research, "Probably every-
one forms opinions of some sort
which sonner or later leak out."
"Nobody," he said, "could have
lived in Argentina during the past
few months without experiencing
a strong reaction of some sort, and
mine was naturally in favor of the
persecuted pro - democratic intel-
lectual and masses and against the
bigoted, tyrannical group who are
now unhappily in control of the
"It is quite possible," he contin-
ued, "that the three southern coun-
tries of Chile, Uruguay and Argen-
tina, are on their way to economic
independence in rubber as a result
of the "guayule" rubber plant work."
"It is sincerely hoped. that this is
true; for if goodwill toward Latin
America means anything at all, it
must be able to survive such tem-
porary political aberrations as that
through which Argentina is now
passing," he added. "The people of
Argentina, under .good leadership,
would quickly prove themselves to be
In reference to his rubber research
work, he commented, "The best pros-
pects for success are in Argentina
though it "will probably take a long
time in developing, as it takes five
years for guayule to produce rubber
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 4)
of Arms. March 5-19. Week
9-5; 7:30-9:30. Sundays, 3-5.
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University of Michigan Section of
the American Chemical Society: The
next meeting will be held today - at
4:00 p.m. in Rm. 151 of the Chemis-
try Building. Dr. G. Frederick Smith
of the University of Illinois will speak
on "Solution of Problems in Small
Scale Manufacture of Reagent and
Process Chemicals." The public is
Dancing Lessons: Dancing lessons
will be.held at the USO Club begin-
ning this evening under the direction
of Lieut. Flegal and Miss Ethel Mc-
Cormick. There will be a charge of
$2.00 for six lessons.
Beginners' classes, ballroom, 7:00
to 8:00 p.m. Advanced classes, tav-
ern room, 8:00 to 9:00 p.m. The Fri-
day night dance will be held as usual
in the USO Club ballroom starting at
Iota Sigma Pi meeting Monday,
March 20, at 7:30 p.m. in West Lec-
ture Room of Rackham Building. Dr.
Newton B. Everett, of the anatomy
department, will speak on "The
Chemical Aspects of Zoology.' Re-
freshments at Rackham Building
"Trends and the Future Outlook
in EmploymentaDiscrimination" will
be the topic of a talk to be given by
Mr. Albert Cohen, Tuesday, March
21 at 8 p.m. at the Hillel Foundation.
All those interested in receiving vo-
cational guidance in career planning
are urged to attend.
Michigan Youth for Democratic
Action will hold a general meeting
Monday, March 20, at 7:45 p.m. in
the Union (room to be posted). The
topic for the meeting will be World
Youth Week, and the new member-
ship drive will be launched. New
members (or those interested in be-
coming members) as well as regular
members are urged to attend this
Michigan Outing Club will go on a
hike Saturday, March 18, to Saginaw
Forest. We will meet at 2:30 in front
of the Women's Athletic Building
and be back in time for supper.
Saturday Night Dance: Saint Pat-
rick's Day dance will be held at the
Club starting at 8:00 p.m.
Duplicate Bridge: A duplicate
bridge tournament will be held at
2:00 p.m. Sunday, March 19, in the
USO Club. All servicemen are invited
as well as townspeople. Come with
or without a partner. A small fee of
25c will be charged per person.
Music Hour: A classical music hour
will be held Sunday afternoons in
the USO Club.
Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday, May 4, 5, 6, 7
ehecks and solid
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PHILADELPHIA ORCHESTRA AT ALL
BIDU SAYAO, Metropolitan Opera
ROSE BAMPTON, Metropolitan Opera
THELMA VON EISENHAUER,
Chicago Civic Opera
. . Soprano
. . Soprano
345k Maynard Street
KERSTIN THORBORG, Metropolitan Opera
CHARLES KULLMAN, Metropolitan Opera
JOHN BROWNLEE, Metropolitan Opera
SALVATORE BACCALONI, Metropolitan Opera
NATHAN MILSTEIN, Russian Virtuoso. .
GREGOR PIATIGORSKY, World Renowned
Performer . . . . . . . . V
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. . Orchestra 'Conductor
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Youth Chorus Conductor
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