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March 16, 1944 - Image 4

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PAGE&1~O~

THE MiCHIGAN DAILY

T'TIJRDAY,. M4R-CH.I16 1944

U

~jgf litiFuran h3uiear
Fifty-Fourth Year

Pd Rather Be Right
By SAMUEL GRAFTON

.

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44

NEW YORK, March 15.-There is a certain
special kind of fellow at large in this fair dem-
ocracy who, I think, by now needs a treatment.
He goes by many names. Sometimes he is a radio
commentator. Sometimes he is a foreign cor-
respondent. He turns up in government offices,
too. He tends to hang around the State De-
partment, the way pigeons tend to congregate
near the Capitol.
The best way to describe his mind is that he
feels Spain is, on the whole, making very sat-
isfactory progress toward democracy, while he
shudders to think how closely the government
of the United States is trending toward totali-
tarianism.
When he visits Madrid, he finds all sorts of
signs that Spain is leaving fascism behind and
is groping its way to human freedom and the
better life. He has it from a cousin of a corporal
who once served under Franco that Franco really
hates the Spanish Phalanx. He reports such
incidents as that the other day Franco was
reading a Phalangist newspaper, and, would you
believe it, tossed it into a wastebasket. This
, .1

indicates clearly
out.

Editorial Staff

that the Phalanx is on its Way

Jane Farrant
Claire Sherman .
Stan Wallace
Evelyn Phillips .
Harvey Frank
Bud Low. .
Jo Ann Peterson .
Mary Anne Olson .
Marjorie Rosmarin

Managing Editor
. . . Editorial Director
* . . . City Editor
. Associate Editor
. . . . Sports Editor
Associate Sports Editor
. Associate Sports Editor
Women's Editor
. Associate Women's Editor
ss Staff
Business Manager
. Ass't Business Manager

Tue PeNdulumr

But when he comes to Washington, oh, woe.
The cheery optimism on behalf of democracy
which filled him in 1Madrid quite vanishes. In
Washingtun he discovers that the Federal
government wants all the soldiers to vote. This
strikes him as clearly a dangerous sign of
vanishing respect for democracy. In fact most
of the portents and indications he sees in
Washington fill him with gloom.
He hears that the President sneezed the other
cday when someone mentioned Congress, and he
manages to report these melancholy discoveries
both in a bated breath and at the top of his
voice; not an easy manner to cultivate, but, he
cultivates it.
THIS fellow has a deep cynical streak in him,
which is, strangely enough, touched off only
in the capital of his own country. He thinks
that Washington, where a Congress and Presi-
dent, working together though without much
mutual love, have managed to organize and equip
the greatest army in our history, is a mess.
He sees the loathsome spectre of collectivist
dictatorship everywhere in the capital, and he
reminds you that it is not without significance
that the President has vetoed two bills this
winter, whereas everybody knows that under
the democratic way of life vetoes are absolutely
illegal, or, oops, anyway, arrogant.
But when he gets to Madrid, as I say, cyn-
icisi leaves him and he sees democracy jump-
ing up all over the place, like the crocuses of
spring. He thinks we ought to remember that
Franco, who tore down a republic, bathed his
country in btood, and eithcr put most of the
Spaish parliament i jail, or cut it off at the
neck, is, after all, a reasonable man.
ie feels that we must try to understand Fran-
co's problems, for that is only fair, and that
Franco can be counted on to do the right thing.
Sometimes he takes a vacation from his sym-
pathetic pieces about Franco long enough to
write a hot feature story pointing out that Gen-
eral de Gaulle clearly displays dictatorial tend-
encies.
He burns to have us win this war, if only
there were some way of persuading officials
who have won elections in America to act as
if they had lost them, and if only patriots in
jails throughout Europe could be convinced
of the evils of internal bitterness. We know
this fellow well, of course. He has been around
for centuries.. He is the man of little faith.
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
1i - -.i..

DR AMA
THE imagination and genuine tal-
ent of Wilson Sawyer inspired a
thoroughly entertaining evening in
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre last
night. Sawyer's folk opera adapted
from Mark Twain's unforgetable con-
tribution in Americana, and written
about another Sawyer, must have
made everyone in the audience proud
of having ever known or even seen
Michigan's Bill.
The score of "Tom Sawyer" is
filled with originality and catchy
rhythms. The boys' march and the
barn dance, based upon the rhythm
of the polka, in the first act were
exceptionally sprightly. "Be Care-
ful, My Chillun," which Ellen
Hooper handled with great warmth,
and "They Will Find Us," the high
point of Lucille Genuit's admirable
but unexciting performance as Tom,
were equally good. With the ex-
ception of the first scene, in which
the melodies seemed a trifle too
diverse and slight, the themes were
repeated and interwoven often
enough, and yet not too often.
"Does a Boy Get a Chance To
Whitewash a Fence Every Day?"
seemed sadly out of place, however.
Perhaps we have only heard pit so
often at week-end dances, but this
number, smooth enough in itself, was
greatly out of keeping, probably be-
cause of that very smoothness. Its
inappropriateness was enhanced by
the faulty dance-band coloring with
which it was presented. This color-
ing, in fact, was the one outstanding
fault in the production. The orches-
tration was unfortunately, but un-
avoidably, filled with the bleat of
saxophones, which served only to
emphasize snatches of syncopation
definitely misplaced in a folk opera.
W? tried to ignore all this, knowing
how unavoidable Sawyer must have
found it, but the pepped up ending
of the production exhibited a poor
taste which it was impossible to over-

. . , ,

GRIN ANji R)EAR IT

"This is March 15, men-we'll face East for one minute in tribute
to the suffering the taxpayers at home have had to endure!'

By Lichty

Busine.
Elizabeth Carpenter
Marge Batt .
Telephon

e 23-24-1

NIGHT EDITOR: KATHIE SHARFrMAN
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
DISHONESTY:
Black Market Forces
Slash in Gas Rations
THE OPA's reason for the drastic one-third
slash in the value of gas ration coupons was
given as "critical demand" plus black market
operations.
At thesame time it was revealed in Wash-
ington that black market operations account
fir the loss of 2,500,000 gallons of gasoline each
dad'. Some of the facts in this latest national
scandal are indeed startling. According to
Shad Poliar, national enforement chief; 15
.per cent of C coupons turned in all over the
country are counterfeit' with a figure of as
high as 50 per cent in some sections.'
In the Detroit area the stench is even stronger.
A Free Press expose showed that A-1.1 coupons
were being peddled at 40 for 50 cents. Arrange-
ments havebeen made for the trial of the Lan-
sing ration clerk, Mrs. Dorothy Gertrude Martin,
and Ronald M. Chaney, who is accused of selling
C coupons in Jackson, to mention only two of
the cases.
The black market operations, which have ap-
parently been going on for some time on an
alarming (but probably not unsuspected) scale,
are not the actions of any organization or ring.
They are to be blamed on wholesale "cheating"
by individual station owners. But, before we
w indict the dealers too harshly, let's remember
that they have cheated with public knowledge
if rot with public approval. The general attitude
toward gas rationing has been that it is all one
big joke.
THE government has been partly responsible
for this attitude. We were told that ration-
ing was mandatory because the gasoline supply
was inadequate. Yet, as the Detroit News point-
ed out, no station operator hs ever run out of
gas. There has been a seemingly inexhaustible
supply, enough even to supply the tremendous
demands of the black market as well as ligitimate
demands.
Now, at last, the inevitable has occurred.
the magic fountain has run dry. Now drivers
may wake up with a start to find out that ra-
tioning is not all one big joke.
And this realization of the actual seriousness
of the situation is a first step in stamping out
the black market. Rationing can never be thor-
oughly enforced by law simply because there are
innumerable leaks, thousands of dealers, even
more dishonest consumers. Obviously, it would
be impossible to apprehend all the law breakers.
Rationing can be enforced only when informed
public opinion can be brought to bear against
offenders. -Jennie Fitch
YOUR PART:
Gmpus Cotibutions
Needed for Red Cross
YESTERDAY'S Daily told of a Yank in one
of the Italian campaign's bloodiest battles
who, although seriously wounded, managed to
assist another soldier who was unconscious. It
is to help our servicemen all over the world that
theRed Cross is asking for your contribution.
University students must meet a quota of
$1,500 for the Union-managed campaign and
$3,500 for the League by March 31 when the

I always develop highly localized pains when
confronted with the well-worn cliche that ed-
ucation is a cure, all for the woes that beset mod-
ern man. Take race prejudice and class strife
in the South. It is obvious, if we travel the ra-
tional road backward from sorrowful effect to
still more sorrowful cause that measures should
be taken to free the economically enslaved Negro
and his white brothers on Tobacco Road. But,
oh no, say the wiseacres, let's take a long view,
let's eucate these people, let's wean them slowly
away from their ignorance. That may take cen-
turies? No matter, let us educate-or let us say
we must educate-till we get red, white and blue
in the face.
Four hundred million Indians groan under
the heel of untrammelled imperialistic exploi-
tation. So what? Patience man, England has
the answer: the Hindu and the Moslem have
got to be educated into an appreciation of the
freedom they keep clamoring for in their un-
tutored, discourteous, illiterate persistency.
That tilis stand reflects the basest hypocrisy
need not be elaborated upon here. All the
world knows Negroes are being kept from
schools in the South and that there are fewer
schools in India today than there were when
the Indian jewel first sparkled in Britain's
diadem.
But, what of the argument itself? Does it
hold even half a molecule of water? Is educa-
tion in itself the answer? How, if it is, does one
dispose of Germany-to take one example at
random-where racism reached its acme and
anthropological research its fruition almost side
by side? Heidleberg, Breslau, Leipsig, the Uni-
versity of Berlin; what does that ist stand for
if not a catalog of the finest colleges in pre-
Hitler Europe? From their vast intellectual do-
main there emanated nct the least portion of
man's knowledge. Moreover, Germany had the
highest literacy rate of any country in the world.
Germans were recognized as educated, urbane,
civilized people.
Did all that prevent the glassy eye, the froth-
ing mouth, the curled lip of murderous lunacy
from asserting itself in every nook and corner of
Germany? Do you suppose it would have availed
us anything to remonstrate with these people?
I find it difficult somehow to visualize an S.S.
man quailing before my command that he obey
the amenities. Stay the hand raised to smash
heads by a "Hold on, Adolph-don't lose your
composure?" Nonsense. When action springs
from emotion, more often than not subcon-
sciously motiviated, appealing to the mind-even
the mind cultivated by education-helps not one
tiny bit.
AND, confusion worse confounded, opposites
generate opposites: from that Germany which
honored Thomas Mann, the very next day there
arises a Germany to honor Horst Wessel. From
the beautiful flower there buds a hideous thorn
nurtured on a dung-hill of cruelty.
Educate the people to see the wrongness of
their ways, and precisely half the task has been
accomplished. Accomplishing half the task
can be worse than accomplishing none at all.
This resembles raising a man half way out of
a well and then dtopping him back in again-
to borrow a figure from Wasserman. As of
today, man has been educated enough to know
with immaculate certitude that he should hate
war-step number one. Step number two pro-
pels him into a costlier, bigger, bloodier holo-
caust than he has ever before dreamed of
Why? Very simply, because states of mind
make some difference, but conditions that
create states of mind make all the dlifference,
Vague prattle about educating the masses is
the cant of politicians who want to freeze the
status quo ante bellum by use of a perpetual
delaying action prolonged indefinitely. It fits
snugly in with the two-faced evasions by which
leaders avoid the necessity of acting justly in
social spheres. -Bernard Rosenberg

look. This ending, at least, could
have been avoided.
Following the original so closely,
the book of "Tom Sawyer" proved
episodic, especially towards the end,
when the continuity of the episodes
was particularly uneven. The third
scene of the first act had exception-
ally little content, and the ending
was about the weakest of all the
scenes.
Cpl. Arthur Flynn took male hon-
ors for stage presence and voice.
Tacqueline Bear and Miss looper,
again, captured them for the girls.
Mary Ruth Acton would have skip-
ped off with all the acting honors
had Huckleberry Finn been allow-

wed a greater part in the proceed-
ings. In regard to Miss Genuit as
Tom, we have had our say, and
for Bobette Ringland as Becky we
might say a lot for' her captivating
appearance, and slightly less for
her voice.
Tight direction was not too evi-
dent, but we imagine that most of
the attention was kept, wisely enough,
upon the music itself.
But once again main credit goes to
Bill Sawyer himself. Whatever suc-
cess "Tom Sawyer" has this week
and hereafter will be a justified trib-
ute to his ambition and talent.
-WillamI Kehoe

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

Sc .

7Ie
I'oin ted
PeN

1)p
/l'' '

The Republicans and their staunch cohorts,
the Southern Democrats, cry: "NO, WE CAN'T
PASS TIIAT. A federal ballot for soldiers vio-
lates states' rights, and anyway, we can't have all
the soldiers voting for the bureaucrat Roosevelt
again, and the only soldiers who would vote
under a federal ballot would be those who
wouldn't vote for us. We certainly can't permit
that! Who can blame us for protecting our
rights?" Or so their argument seems to run.
And last night, this reasoning succeeded in kill-
ing the federal ballot. The only hope the
soldiers now have lies in a sustained presidential
veto.
MOREOVER.:
Anyone who feels smug and secure in the feel-
ing that the Amnerican press is the best damn
little old press in the world and that we're leav-
ing the high pressure propaganda business to the
Nazis had better take a good look at some of
yesterday's big morning newspapers.
In heavy black type sufficiently large for
use on an eye doctor's chart, THE DETROIT
FREE PRESS smeared this across its front
page: "Senate OK's Soldier Ballot." Says
who? Says the DETROIT FREE PRESS.
This is te most flagrant disregard for actual
news content of a story yet. And the most dis-
heartening part of it is that probably every
other major newspaper in the country will carry
the same line. It is so disheartening because the
one thing the Senate did not do is ok any soldier
ballot. It merely entrusted it to the states.
* * *
rl'l1.t the original sponsors of the soldier
,,alot, Senator, s reen and Lucas, refused to
vte for the new so-call "states' rights" bill,
shouli be evidence alone of just how trumped
01) it is-
There arc rumors that the author of the new
bill is John C. Calhoun, eminent statesman from
South Carolina, but this is being scoffed at in
many quarters as being nothing more than ghost
writing. -Jane Farrant

(Continued from Page 2.)
12 a.m. and 2 to 4 p.m. The office
closes at noon on Saturdays.
.Lectures
University Lecture: Dr. Edwin J.
Cohn, Professor of Biological Chem-
istry, Harvard University, will lec-
ture on the subject, "The Functions
and Properties of the Plasma Pro-
teins," under the auspices of the
Medical School and the Section on'
Sanitary and Medical Sciences of the
Michigan Academy, on Friday, March
17, at 3:50 p.m. in the Kellogg Audi-
torium. The public is cordially in-
vited.
Oratorical Association Lecture
Course: Pierre Clemenceau, grand-
son of France's Premier in World
War I, will speak in Hill Auditorium
tonight at 8:30. His subject will be
"France- Today and Tomorrow."
The box office. will be open from
10 to 1, 2 to 5 and 7 to 8:30.
French Lecture: Dr. Jan F. Hostie,
lecturer, the Regional Study Pro-
gram, will give the fifth of the
French lectures sponsored by the
Cercle Francais today at 4:10' p.m. in
Rm. D, Alumni Memorial Hall. The
title of the lecture is: "La Belgique et
l'Europe Nouvelle."
Due to conflicts with newly an-
nounced Oratorical Association lec-
tures, Mr. Hostie's lecture as wellas'
the last two French lectures in the
series will take place at 4:14 p.m. in
Rm. D, Alumni Memorial Hall, but at
the same dates as previously an-
nounced. Admission by ticket. Ser-
vicemen free.
Dr. John R. Mott will speak on
"Journeys Among the Colleges of
Friend and Foe" at Rackham Hall at
3:00 p.m., Sunday, March 19. This
lecture is open to thepublic.
Dr. George Shepard, adviser to the
New Life Movement of China, will
speak upon "Chiang Kai - Shek,
Statesman," at the Rackham Lec-
ture Hall, Wednesday, March 22 at
4:15 p.m. under auspices of the Com-
mittee on Religious Education and
Companies A and D of the armed
forces, Open to the public.
Acadeimc Notices
Seniors and Graduate Students:
The graduate record examination
will be given the evenings of April 3
and 4 beginning at 7:00 p.m. in the
lecture Fall of the Rackham Grad-

uate School. Seniors and graduate
students who will take these exami-7
nations should report for registration1
to Miss Helen Wiley in the graduate
school office before March 18. This
is necessary since the number of7
books ordered is determined by thej
number of registrants.
All seniors and graduate students
in any school or college on the cam-
pus are eligible.
All newly registered graduate stu-s
dents, i.e., just admitted to the grad-
uate school, are required to take the4
examination.
Applicants for scholarships or fel-s
lowships in the graduate school and
those seniors expecting to apply for
admission to a graduate school,
either here or elsewhere, will find it
of advantage to present a report of
their scores on this examination as a1
part of their credentials.1
Kothe - Hildner Annual German1
Language Award offered students in
Courses 31, 32, 35 and 36. The con-
test, a translation test (German-
English and English-German), car-.
ries two stipends of $20 and $30 and
will be held from 2 to 4 p.m. Friday,
March 24. Students who wish to
compete and who havesnot yet hand-
ed in their applications should do so
immediately in 204 University Hall.
Bronson-Thomas Annual German
Language Award offered juniors and
seniors in German. The contest will
be held from 2 to 5 o'clock Friday.
March 24. The award, in the amount
of $38, will be presented to the stu-7
dent writing the best essay dealing
with some phase in the development
of German literature from 1750-1900.
Students who wish to compete and
who have not yet handed in their
applications should do so immediate-
ly in Rm. 204 University Hall.
Bacteriology 111, the laboratory
course, will beginon Monday, March
20, Rm. 1528 East Mwedical Building,
at 1:00 p.m. Each student including
those on Army and Navy programs
should come provided with a $5.00
Hygienic Laboratory Coupon procur-
able at the Cashier's Office; in addi--.
tion, civilian students should bring'
seventy-five cents for the Laboratorya
Outline.
Preliminary DI.toral Examinations
in Chemistry will be held in the
Chemistry Building on the following
dates: Analytical Chemistry, March
24; Organic Chemistry, March 28;
Physical Chemistry, March 31.
Seminar in Juvenile Delinquency,
Sociology 359 will not meet Friday,
March 17.
Sociology 159 will not meet Friday,
March 17.
Sociology 157 and 168 will meet

History 12, Sec. 4 will meet in Rm.
18 AH instead of in 229 AH beginning
Friday, March 17.
History 12, Sec. 5 will meet in Rm.
18 AH instead of in 229 AH begin-
ning today.
Events Today
Tea at International Center is
served each week on Thursdays from
4:130 to 5:30 p~m. for' foreign. stu=
dents, faculty, townspeople, and
American student friends of foreign
students.
The Regular. Thursday Evening
Record Hour, beginning at 7:45 p.m.
in the Men's Lounge of the Rackham
Building, will feature an all:Ruasian
program, including Moussorgsky's
Khowantchina: Introduction and
Persian Slave Dances, Shostako-
vitch's Fifth Symphony and Proko-
fieff's "Peter and the Wolf." Ser-
vicemen are cordially invited to join
the graduate students at this concert.
Publicity Committee for the Fresh-
man Frolic: There will be an imipor-
tant meeting at 4:30 this afternoon
in the League...
Sailing Club meeting tonight at
7:15 in Rm. 302 in the Union for all{
members.
House President's Meeting will be
held this afternoon at 5:00 p.m. in
the Michigan League. Attendance
is compulsory.
Hillel Surgical Dressings' Unit will
meet today at the Hillel Foundation,
from 1 to 5- p.m. Please wear wash-
able blouse or smock.
Coming Events
University of Michigan Section of
the American Chemical Society: The.
next meeting will be held March 17,
1944 at 4:00 p.m. in Rm.- 151 of the
Chemistry Building. Dr. G. Frederick
Smith of the University of Illinois
will speak on "Solution of Problems
in Small Scale Manufacture of Rea-
gent and Process Chemicals." The
public is cordially invited.
Dancing Lessons: Dancing lessons
will be held at the USO Club begin-
ning Friday, March 17, under the
direction of Lieut. Flegal and Miss
Ethel McCormick. There will be a
charge of $2.00 for six lessons.
.Beginners' classes, ballroom, 7:00
to 8:;00 p~m. Advanced classes, tav-
ern room, 8:00 to 9:00 p.m. The Fri-
day night dance will be held as usual
in the USO Club ballroom starting at
8 dyn0 p.m.
Satu~rday Night Dance: Saint Pat-

,,

BARNABY

By Crockett Johnson

Representative Rumpelstilskins

The poll fax!Rumpelstilskin

fHe's off ensive because he's on

Cprgt1944 Fkld Pub1,aro,,, *
I Whr~at i e hg'v to

_

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