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March 11, 1944 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-03-11

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VOL. LIV No. 90 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MARCH 11, 1944
Ireland Spurns Request To Expel German A;
Russian Forces Smash German Ukraine Del

PRICE FIVE CENTS
gents;
enses

v

Nazis Flee
Key Points,
Reds State
Uman Salient Taken;
14 German Divisions,
Tank Force Repulsed
By The Associated Press
LONDON, March, 11, Saturday.-
Moscow announced yesterday that
the Red Army had opened a third
great offensive in the Ukraine and
sent 14 Nazi divisions into such head-
long retreat that they abandoned all
their equipment- including 1,100
mired tanks and big guns-and lost
20,000 men killed.
The new offensive, heading south
in the middle of the southern front,
broke through on a 109-mile line,
overran 300 populated places, includ-
ing the pivotal stronghold of Uman
and resulted in the capture of 2,500
Germans, the Russians said.
Many Trophies Captured
."The true scale of the German de-
feat can be judged from the huge
quantity qf trophies captured by our
troops, a Moscow communique said.
"Weapons, equipment and military
supplies were strewn on-the whole
course of the road from the Gniloi
Tikich river to the town of Uman. All
the roads were packed with enemy
tanks, self-propelled guns, armored
troop carriers and trucks."
Five German "Adolph Hitler Tank
divisions" which "were intended to
stopourdoffensive" were "compelled
to abandon all their military and
technical equipment and flee," said
the comunique, recorded by the So-
viet rmontitor:
Third Offensive Continuing
This third offensive already has
rolled forward from~;25 to 44miles in
five days, Stalin anounced in an or-
der of the day, thus setting ablaze
the entire Russian southern front
along a curving battleline more than
500 miles long. It joined offensives
alreadyunder way to the east above
Nikolaev and Kherson and to the
west in the region of Tarnopol,
Campus Gives
Strong Suppo'rt
To Red Cross
First reports received yesterday by
the Union committee,in charge of the
drive for Red Cross membership
among the men on campus showed
that $340 have been collected by
solicitors to date during the first four
days of the campus drive.
John Clippert, 45E, commented
that the figure was not inclusive be-
cause a great
many reports
have not been
turned in 'yet.
Plans for setting
up booths on
campus under
the direction of
Bob Gaukler are
still in the form-
ative stage.
Moriorie Hall, '45,dhead of the
women's drive, yesterday urged all
house presidents who did not attend
the Thursday meeting at the League
to pick up their envelopes contain-
ing their house quotas and member-
ship cards at the Office of the Social
Director in the League. She also re-
quested that all independent college
women who are residing in their
homes in Ann Arbor and would per-
haps not be reached by campus solic-
itors, to bring their contributions to

the social director's office.
The Union Red Cross committee
includes Dick Roeder, Chuck Walton,
See #ED CROSS, Page 2
Co. C, Sho'w Wil
Be Given Today
"Bidin' Our Time," Co. C's original
musical comedy, will be presented at
8:30 p.m. today and at 3:15 p.m. to-
morrow in Willow Lodge.
All publicity, ticket selling and

Army Nurses Tackle Combat Course in Training Program

Nurses Leta Reiter (left) and Thelma Slaven go over a combat course in their Army training at
Fort Baker on San Francisco Bay.

I' Thinlads Favored in
Big Ten Track Meet Today

By BILL LAMBERT
Special to The Daily
CHICAGO, Ill., March _1- The.
high riding Michigan track squad,
composed of 31 men, arrived in Chi-
cago tonight, and tomorrow will in-
vade the Chicago Field House in an
effort to successfully defend their
1943 Western Conference indoor title,
making it their ninth in 11 years.
Besides the squad's unusual display
of perfect team balance and versatil-
ity throughout the season, Coachl
Ken Doherty is counting on some
stellar individual performances from
some of his specialists who have
shown themselves capable of smash-!
ing records, should they reach their,
peak this week-end.
Ufer May Smash Record
Of the Wolverine men who are
likely to bask in their own glory, Bob
Ufer, who will be defending his 440
indoor title, should be watched in his
specialty when he runs against Bob
Kelley of Illinois, the holder of the
Conference outdoor 440 crown. Ufer
has been turning in his fastest times
of this season in the last two weeks,
and should kelley push him, the pos-
sibilities of a new quarter-mile rec-
ord are good.
The Hume twins, Bob and Ross,
who have been pulling the "Siamese"
act in their mile performances so
Ticket Sale for
Variety Show
Starts -Today
Tickets for the University's Victory
Varieties, which will be presented for
the first time on campus at 8:15 p.m.
Saturday, March 18, will go on sale
today at various campus posts, the
USO and stores on State Street and
downtown.
Featuring some of the best avail-
able talent in the mid-West, the show
has been planned to answer a long
felt need for first class entertainment
in Ann Arbor. Professional dance
teams, acrobatic act, singers, an in-
ternationally famous tap dancer, and
some novelty acts will be featured
with the music of Lee Walter and his
orchestra.
Tickets, priced at 75c with tax in-
cluded, may be secured at the Union,
the League, the University Hospital
newsstand, the East and West Quad-
rangles, USO headquarters and sev-
eral stores. Doors will open at 7:30
p.m., and there will be no seats re-
served.

far, thisyear, may be the first run-
ners in history to share . the Confer-
ence mile title. They have been
unbeaten in any of the dual meets
this year, and although they are fav-
ored to grab first place honors, their
times are a few seconds off the Con-
ference record, and a new mark is
unlikely.
Swanson Favored in Highs
Strapping Elmer Swanson, who
has been striding to numerous vic-
tories in the hurdles, is the odds-on-
See MICHIGAN, Page 4
Allied Bombers
Attack Railroad
Yards in Rome
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, NA-
PLES, March 10.-(/P)-Fighter es-
corted American medium bombers
attacked railroad yards in Rome
again today and heavy damage was
reported.
(The Nazi-controlled Rome radio
said "a large number of houses were
hit and it is feared casualties are
high." The broadcast made the claim,
unsupported in Allied announce-
ments, that two of the raiders crash-
ed in flames near the outskirts of the
city. The Swiss radio, meanwhile,
quoted the German commander of
Rome as saying that Rome was con-
sidered an open city and had no anti-
aircraft guns.)
The Tiburtina yards in Romne's
eastern suburbs were hit by Maraud-
ers escorted by American-piloted
Spitfires and rolling stock and ware-
houses were declared blasted.
Thunderbolt- escorted Mitchells
struck the Littorio yards on the nor-
thern limits of the city. The Littorio
yards were bombed last Tuesday.
Photographs indicated that the
main rail line from Rome to Flor-
ence, down which the Germans have
been sending supplies to troops fight-
ing the Allied fifth army, had been
cut in two places by bombs from the
Mitchells att acking the Littorio
yards. Fifteen to 20 railway care ap-
peared to have been destroyed in the
yards.
Einstein Stumped,
Imarginuaito i-axed
PRINCETON, N.J., March 10.-
(P-Prof. Albert Einstein, world
famous mathematician and wizard
of the fourth dimension, said to-

Coeds Needed
In Army ,Play
'Rumor Has It'
Comedy Will Be First
ASTP, Student Show
In University History
Actual production on "Rumor Has
It," Company D's original musical
comedy, will begin when a meeting
of coeds is held at 2 p.m. today in
the USO ballroom.
"It is imperative that all coeds in-
terested in working on the show at-
tend the meeting as try-outs will be
scheduled for feminine roles," Pfc.
Arty Fischer, director of the show,
said.
Policies of the show will be out-
lined atethe meeting. All those who
are interested in working on the
production will be interviewed to find
what previous experience they have
had in the field.
"Experience is not necessary. Ap-
plicants will be judged on the basis
of interest and all around person-
ality," Pfc. Fishcer said.
'We can find some type of job
for any girl who is interested in
working," he promised. "We need
coeds to help backstage just as much
as we need persons for the cast."
Coeds interested in make-up, ward-
robe, lighting, set designing and con-
struction work, are urged to attend
the meeting this afternoon.
The script of the comedy was ap-
proved yesterday by the University
Committee on Theatre Policy and
Practice.
For the first time in six years Uni-
versity women will have an opportun-
See CO. D SHOW, Page 2
Regents Accept
$15,000 in Gifts
2 Faculty Men Made
Assistant Professors
At their monthly meeting yester-
day, the Board of Regents accepted
more than $15,000 in gifts to the Uni-
versity, renewed leaves of absence to
faculty members engaged in war
work and made staff appointments.
The gifts included a grant of $3,000
from the American Council of Learn-
ed Societies in Washington to be used
for cataloguing microfilm made in
England, a donation of $2,275 for the
Community Fund of Detroit Schol-
arships and a gift of $2,500 from the
Parke, Davis Co. for allergy research.
Mischa Titiev was appointed As-
sistant Professor of Anthropology
and Clarice Freud, A.B., was appoint-

Ya nks Win
New Britain
Airdrome
U.S. Marines Capture
Talasea, Forces Push
North in Admiralties
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC, March 11,
Saturday-The airdrome at Talasea
on the north coast of New Britain
has been captured by Marines who
invaded Willaumez Peninsula Mon-
day, headquarters announced today.
The town of Talasea also has been
captured. Marines seized the airstrip'
Wednesday and the town Thursday.
Talasea is on the east side of the
peninsula, opposite the point where
the Marines made a surprise landing
without air or naval support.
In the invaded Admiralty Islands
to the north of the New Britain ac-
tion, cavalrymen have pushed their
steadily expanding lines three and a
half miles northwest of captured
Momote Airdrome on Los Negros.
Japanese planes strafed the sector
without effect.
In still another action on the bor-
ders of the Bismarck Sea, Americans1
moving west of Saidor toward Ma-
dang achieved steady progress. Jap-
anese planes bombed these forces
Tuesday night and early Wednesday
but headquarters said the attacks]
were ineffectual.
In the vicinity of Dutch New Gui-i
nea, Catalina planes bombed ship-
ping, causing one medium cargo ves-]
sel to be beached and compellingl
Japanese to abandon another.
Berlin Claims
Allies Invade
Adriatic Island
LONDON, March 10.-(l)-The
Berlin radio said today that 1,500
British and American commandos-
"under the command of General
Churchill"-have landed on the tiny]
Adriatic island of Lissa, and that
other raids on the Dalmatian coast
and nearby islands may be expected.
The German reference to a "Bri-
tish general with the name of Chur-
chill," suggested it might be Capt.
Randolph Churchill, 32, Prime Min-
ister Churchill's son who was recent-
ly reported to have parachuted into
Yugoslavia to confer with Marshal
Tito.
No Official Announcement
British sources said, however, they
had no information about the report-
ed landing or whether the raiders
were led by Randolph Churchill.
There has been no official announce-
ment that American rangers or Brit-
ish commandos were in Yugoslavia.
The Germans said the landing was
"probably designed" to secure the
island-19 miles long and five miles
wide-as a supply base "on behalf of
Tito bands in southeast Europe," and
added that it had yet to be deter-
mined whether the commandos in-
cluded the 2,000 Tito followers on
Lissa.
Raids Have Propaganda Value
The broadcast termed the raids of
small mitary value but said they
had propaganda value, "particularly
towards the Tito bands which dur-
ing the last few weeks have com-
plained about the lack of British and
American support."
FDR Approves

Of Army-Navy
Office Holders
WASHINGTON, Marchl 10.-(A)-
President Roosevelt today approved a
joint Army-Navy policy agreement
which would permit General Douglas
MacArthur, Lieut. Commander Har-
old E. Stassen or other members of
the armed forces to become candi-
dates for elective office, but would
bar them from campaigning.
A regular Army or Navy man, such
as MacArthur, could become a can-

Russian Navy
To Get British,
Anmerican Ships
FDR Answers Soviet
Claim for Part of Italy's
Fleet 'or Equivalent'
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, March 10.-Am-
erican and British warships will be
turned over to the Russian Navy in
satisfaction of Soviet wartime claims
on the Italian fleet, informed reports
said today and were apparently borne
out by statements from President
Roosevelt.
Mr. Roosevelt stated that it was a
matter of military strategy which
ships were going where and perhaps
he had better not say.
No Conflict Over Statements
Along the same line, however, he
told newsmen emphatically that
there was no conflict whatsoever be-
tween what he has said and what
Prime Minister Churchill has said
about the Italian fleet.
It would have been apparent all
along that there was no contrversy,
he asserted, if some reports of what
he said a week ago had not left out
certain key words.
"Were those key words 'or the
equivalent'?" a reporter asked.
They were, Mr. Roosevelt agreed.
Moscow Made Claim on Fleet
The president first disclosed last
Friday that Moscow had made a
claim on the Italian navy since Mar-
shal Badoglio's surrender was to Bri-
tain, the United States and Russia.
He said it had been half-decided to
transfer to the Red navy about one
third of the Italian fleet or the equi-
valent.
In some quarters the President's
remarks were interpreted to mean
there was to be an immediate three-
way split-up of the Italian fleet and
some disquiet was stirred in Italy and
Britain with the result that Prime
Minister Churchill discussed the
matter in Commons yesterday.
As the situation now stands, the
Associated Press learned here today,
the plan is to assign a dozen or more
British and American warships to
Russia while keping the Italian fleet
intact in the Mediterranean.
JAG's To Hold
Meeting Here
High-Ranking Officers
Expected at Conclave
Seventy high-ranking Judge Ad-
vocates from all over the country will
hold a three-day conference on Wed-
nesday, Thursday and Friday at the
Judge Advocate General's School,
according to an announcement made
yesterday by Col. Edward Young,
commandant of the school.
Other conferences of this sort have
been held from time to time before,
but this is the first one ever to be
held in Ann Arbor.
Among the top ranking officials
from the Judge Advocate General's
Department in Washington, D.C.,
who plan to attend the conference
are Maj.-Gen. Myron C. Cramer,
Army Judge Advocate General, Brig.-
Gen. Thomas H. Green, Brig.-Gen.
John M. Weir, Col. Robert M.
Springer and Col. James E. Morris-
ette, Assistant Judge Advocate Gen-
erals, Lt.-Col. Howard A. Brundage,

- 6

public the text of a note setting forth
the spy accusations.
De Valera also said he had receiv-
ed the assurance of the American
Government that it "does not con-
template" using military measures-
presumably invasion of Ireland-be-
cause of rejection of the request that
the Irish eject the enemy officials.
Minister Sends Note
The American note, presented by
Minister David Gray had reminded
the Prime Minister of the vast mili-
tary preparations now underway in
Britain and Northern Ireland and
declared it is "vital that information
from which may be deduced their
nature and direction should not reach
the enemy."
"Not only the success of the oper-
ation' but the lives of thousands of
United States soldiers are at stake."
Evidence on Spys Cited
Specific evidence of enemy espion-
age operations within Ireland were
given in the assertions that (1) the
German Legation in Dublin, at least
until recently, had possessed a radio
sending set and (2) German planes
had dropped into Ireland two para-
chutists equipped with radio sending
apparatus.
While acknowledging Ireland's
good faith in their efforts to main-
tain strict neutrality, the United
States said it actually is impossible
to determine "with certainty" the ex-
tent of the enemy's Irish-based es-
pionage against American shipping
and troops.
Irvin S. Cobb
Dies After 3
M~onth Illness
NEW YORK, March 10.- (P)-
Irvin S. Cobb, one of America's best-
known humorists, has voiced his last
quip, written his last story.
The 67-year-old Paducah, Ky.,
author, actor and after-dinner spea-
ker, died today at~ th Hotel "$Siera-
ton. He had been Ill for three
months.
In a coma during his last 24 hours,
he was unable to keep a vow made
last December to Kent Cooper, ex-
ecutive director of the Associated
Press, that he would "keep friendly
newspapers fully advised" when he
got ready to depart.
His letter to Cooper, prompted by
news stories of his illness at that
time, added that Cobb was the only
person on record who did not, in.
similar circumstances, say that "the
reports of my death have been
greatly exaggerated."
In another letter, left in the office
of the Paducah Sun-Democrat with
instructions that it be opened after
his death, Cobb asked that his body
be cremated and the ashes used to
fertilize a tree to be planted in Padu-
cah, where he began his newspaper
career.
The letter said he wanted no
mourning, no flowers and no funeral
in the traditional form.
A friend of the family said here
that the body would be cremated
Monday and the ashes taken to
Paducah.
TU';Students Are
JAG Graduates
Six former Michigan students are
members of the three Judge Advocate
General's classes which will be grad-
uated at 10:30 p.m. Tuesday in Hut-

EireIAccused
Providing Spy Base
Allied Troops Endangered, Minister Says;
De Valera Promises Anti-Spy Measures
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, March 10.-The United States publicly accused Ireland
tonight of affording a base for Axis spies endangering the approaching
Allied invasion of Europe, but the Irish Government replied it was taking
effective anti-espionage measures and refused an appeal to expel German
and Japanese diplomats from the country.
The State Department announced that the request for expulsion of the
enemy officials, held to be leaders in the spy ring, was transmitted to
Prime Minister De Valera at Dublin February 21. The Department made

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