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March 10, 1944 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-03-10

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Fifty.Fourth Year

.lutchinis, Adler Campatign4gitstProgressive
Education, Advocate eturn to Religious Dogma


By Lichty





Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
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day and Tuesday during the summer session.
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Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
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National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative .
420 wr sso0A a.' NEWY4R4K. N. Y.
MKember, Associate Collegiate Press, 1943-44



Jane Farrant
Claire Sherman
Stan Wallace
Marjorie Borradalle
Evelyn Plll ups
Harvey Frank~
Bud Low .
Jo Ann Peterson
Mary Anne Olson .
Marjorie Rosmarin

* . . . lManaging Editor
Editorial Director
. City Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
. . . .so t .Sports Editor
Associate Sports Editor
* , Associate Sports Editor
Women's Editor
. Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff

Eizabeth Carpente Business MVanager
Marge Batt . Ass't Business Manager
Telephone 2324-1
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Red Cross Asks Funds
To Carry on War Work
T "' American Red Cross needs no introduction
since a.lmost every citizen in the United States
has come into personal contact with its work in.
one way or another.
Any "plugging" of the organization would be
superfluous. Now more than ever before the
organization is doing a magnificent job of pro-
viking much needed war-time services.
The Red Cross synchronizes the collection
of blood plasma, the making of surgical dress-
ings and bandages, the work of thousands of
field directors and staff members among ser-
icemen all over the world and among families
of servicemen here at home. It serves as a
recruiting agent for Army and Navy nurses,
trains nurses aides and dietitians, sponsors
Junior Red Cross activities, sends food and
clothing to prisoners of war, to mention only
a part of its activities. ,
i is estimated that the work of the Red Cross
today is. 21 times as great as it was in 1940.
With this great increase of duties expenses have
increased proportionately, and that is why it is
so important that every individual make an
extra effort to contribute this year in the annual
membership drive.
Having contributed to the Fourth War Loan
drive, the March of Dimes, the Galens drive and
various war relief agencies we are all .too likely
to regard this as just another appeal for our
The appeal of the Red Cross may not rank
above these other causes but certainly it is
not less important or urgent. The cause is
another one which we canot afford to over-
look. -Jenie Fitch
Arms to French Patriots
Would Aid Allied Cause
ACCORDING to unofficial reports from Algiers,
Winston Churchill has promised arms to the
French underground.
It is hoped that these reports are true. Arms
and mu itions wilf not only aid the many
Frenchmen who have been fighting the Nazis
with bare hands, but will also aid the Allied
troops who may soon undertake the invasion.
of rurope.
- It can no longer be doubted by anyone that
the establishment of beachheads in Europe and
particularly in France will prove to be one of
the most gigantic tasks ever tackled by an army.
The burden of establishing these beachheads
and also of penetrating German inland defenses
can be lightened by our friends on the continent,
particularly those in the French underground.
The Germans are well aware of the great nu-
cleus of a guerilla army that is now forming
behind the German lines, and are making frantic
efforts to conscript all men of military age in
France for slave labor.
To enable the men and women of the French
wnderground to resist the pressure now thrust

ROBERT HUTCHINS and Mortimer Adler of
the University of Chicago have recently
launched a campaign against progressive edu-
cation with the purpose of proving that the
scientific method does n give us genuine
knowledge, and does not teach us to think.
While Hutchins is noted as a progressive edu-
cator, he is progressive only in the sense that he
does not believe in strict adherence to classroom
schedules and generally accepted methods of
scholastic advancement. He is reactionary in
his view that the humanities alone answer man's
needs in education. That scientific inquiry has
played an important part in the development of
modern thought is not admitted by Hutchins.
The aim is to discredit progressive education
and to reintroduce the teaching of religious
dogma into our school system.
The campaign, presented to the American
people via a series of 13 coast-to-coast radio pro-
I'd Rather
NEW YORK, March 8.-Why does so much
that is going on in Italy today look like twisted
reflections in a distorting mirror? The )resent
situation in Italy does not bear the appearance
of anything that could have been planned by
reasonable statesmen. It seems more like an
invention of the three witches in Macbeth, an
exercise in the grotesque, or variations on a bad
I give you the sufficiently preposterous fact
that, last week, there were both strikes in North-
ern Italy, against the Nazis, and strike talk in
Southern Italy, against ourselves. Strikes against
both the Nazis and the Allies! Oh, weird, weird.
But this is' only one item in a catalog of
wonders. We find ourselves, for instance, de-
nouncing the Italians for being "sluggish" and
we find ourselves, also, having our hands full,
trying to keep them down.
We describe the Italians as "inactive" and as
"uninterested" in the war for democracy, yet
we need military police almost all over the map
in Southern Italy to prevent demonstrations on
behalf of freedom.
If we hold to our theory that the Italians are
sound asleep politically, then we have to explain
how it is that they are talking in their sleep,
shouting in their sleep, vigorously demanding,
through all these supposed slumbers, the end of
their incredible monarchy. I do not believe the
Italians are asleep. Sometimes I think it is we
who are dreaming.
Finally, when an Italian volunteer army is
recruited by the liberal philosopher, Bene-
detto Croce, to fight for freedom alongside us,
we disband that army on the ground that it is
against the King; then turn around and criti-
cize tpe people of Italy on the ground that
they are not giving enougl? military aid to
N A WORD, we tie the Italian people, hand
and feet, and score them for being immobile.
When they twitch, we pull the ropes tighter, and
remark that they seem unwilling to move.
And all these wonders and anomalies flow
from the original anomaly that we, the libera-
tors, made an alliance with an outworn mon-
arch and his accommodating marshal, instead
of making an alliance with the people. We did
it to win Italy easily, with the King's help. We
didn't win Italy, and we are left helping the
Having made this original political mistake,
we now find ourselves in a kind of political side-
show, a world of two-headed boys and human
skeletons, in which everything is distorted and
nothing makes sense. We needed the King to
police Italy for us, we say; we still defend that
policy in a day in which we are policing Italy
for the King.
What is left of sense is drowning in the sea
of contradictions and paradoxes into which we
so blithely plunged of our own free will.

The chain of events would have been other-
wise. had we made our alliance with the Italian
people, through their leading parties. But Mr.
Churchill has frankly said that in that case the
Italian people might have resisted "as much a
they dared the demands made upon them by
the Italian armies." They might not have given
up their fleet, for example.
Well, we cannot expect people to fight beside
us, and with us, for freedom, and still not have,

grams, has aroused a tremendous protest in the
educational world.
This small group, totally unrepresentative of
American education, has becn given 13 weeks
free radio time and an audience of millions to
attack modern science and secular teaching.
Leading educators and followers of progressive
education have asked to be given a chance
to present their side of the question according
to democratic principles, but radio time has been
denied them.
These radio programs have been co-spon-
sored by the Mutual Network and an organi-
zation deceptively entitled Education for Free-
dom Incorporated.
This organization has persuaded the Mutual
Broadcasting System to give free radio time to
a group of speakers selected by the EFI. Radio
officials were told that these men would be rep-
resentative of all trends in the educational world.
UJOWEVER, every one of the speakers was, and
is, a follower and proponent of the Hutchins-
Adler school, and every one of them has attacked
progressive education.
A small group of educators, under the leader-
ship of a Hutchins and Adler theology clique,
have for the past several years been attacking
modern education and the democratic theories of
Professor John Dewey. They seek to drive mod-
ern social science and progressive education
from the school system, and replace them with
the study of medieval trivium and quadrivium,
based on the theories of St. Thomas Aquinas
and the scholastic philosophers.
They hope to introduce religion into the
school system, and require that every student
take at least one hour of religion a day-his
own religion, thus making for further segre-
' gation in the school system, because of a differ-
ence in religious beliefs.
This group has held up as a shining example
of his type of education system the work of
St. Johns College of Annapolis, where modern
education has been abolished, investigations into
present-day society and its problems ignored,
and attention concentrated on the "classical"
studies, and the medieval Catholic philosophy
of St. Thomas Aquinas.
Hutchins and Adler maintain that only the-
ology and metaphysics will provide us with the
basic facts about man, society and the world,
and deny the merits of the scientific method.
All along. the line, Hutchins and Adler have
been rebuffed in the educational community.
Just recently their ideas and methods were at-
tacked by the Association of American Colleges,
an organization of presidents of different uni-
'AILINGto influence the educational com-
mnunity,the two Thomists (Thomist is the
name given to followers of St. Thomas Aquinas)
have carried their fight to the general public.
In this was they hope to frighten the people
with the notion that modern progressive edu-
cation is responsible for "materialism," "the
rise of Hitlerism," "isolationism" and "the
breakdown of the moral fibre of the nation."
in every speech, however, they have neglected
to mention the poverty of large masses of people,
and the insecurities and hardships fostered by
the breakdown of our economic system.
The free public discussion issue introduced
by this fight is not the vital issue. The main
point is whether or not American education
and culture will be driven back to outmoded
concepts of education and anti-secularism,
instead of taking a forward step toward more
scientific and democratic learing.
The Hutchins and Adler fight against secuar
education is also a fight against a worldly so-
ciety. The longer these Thomists and the Edu-
cation for Freedom, Inc., is allowed to function;
the easier it will be for them to undermine the
traditions of free inquiry and scientific spirit in
America. -Aggie Miller
minds of their own. We feared to undertake,
in Italy, the adventure in freedom we shall
have to undertake with the whole wide world.
We might have had the help of the Italian
soul and the Italian heart; we settled cheap
for the Italian ships and the Italian King.
We wanted an ally who would both abjectly
srrender to us, and yet gaily fight with us;

who would help us with all possible enthusi-
asm, and yet not disturb us by a hunger for
In other words, we went looking for a kind
-of political monster. We found it. It is now
freely spawning its children, such disordered
progeny as even men of strong stomach like not
to look upon.
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)

I ...........

"Best convention we ever hail! Nothing to buy, nothing to sell,
nothing to interfere with a good convention!"

~i ---DER
\ -Y
\2 4 p
\Bs ceto weee a ohn oby ohn osl,




- l 3-t- im9*, Colivago Tirnes, Inc.

FRIDAY, MARCH 10, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 89
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the 'Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
To the Members of the University
Council: There will be a meeting of
the University Council on Monday,
March 13, at 4:15 p.m. in the Rack-
ham amphitheatre. The agenda will
include the following reports: Com-
mittee on Orientation Period; Tem-
porary Committee on Orientation of
Transfer Students; Board in Control
of Student Publications; Board in
Control of Inter-Collegiate Athletics.
Members of the University Senate
are invited.
Louis A. Hopkins, Secretary
Honor Societies: The attention of
honor societies is called to the fact
that the date of Honors Convocation
has been set for April 21. It is re-
quested that all societies hold their
elections as early as possible after
the beginning of the Spring Term so
that the names of new members may
be included in the Honors Convoca-
tion program.
Michigan Dailies: Mrs. Ruth Bacon
Buchanan at the University Muse-
ums desires to receive copies of The
Michigan Daily for the purpose of
sending them to former students in
Army or Navy service. She will be
grateful for contributions of copies
from any who may care to furnish
The Main Reading Room and the
Periodical Room of the General Li-
brary are kept open on all Sundays
during the Spring Term from 2:00
p.m. to 9:00 p.m.
Books from other parts of the buil-
ding which are needed for Sunday
use will be made available in the
Main Reading Room if request is
made on Saturday of an assistant in
the reading room where the books
are usually shelved.
To all male students in the College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:
By action of the Board of Regents, all
male students in residence in this
College must elect Physical Educa-
tion for Men. This action has been
effective since June, 1943, and will
continue for the duration of the war.
Students may be excused from tak-
ing the course by (1) The University
Health Service, (2) The Dean of the
College or by his representative, (3)
The Director of Physical Education
and Athletics.

Petitions for exemption by stu-
dents in this College should be ad-
dressed by freshmen to Professor
Arthur Van Duren, Chairman of the
Academic Counselors (108 Mason
Hall); by all other students to Assis-
tant Dean E. A. Walter (1220 Angell
Except under very extraordinary
circumstances no petitions will be
considered after the end of the third
week of the Spring Term.
Required Hygiene Lectures forx
Women-1944: All first and secondt
semester freshman women are re-
quired to take the hygiene lecturesl
which are to be given the second
semester. Upperclass students whoY
were in the University as freshmen1
and who did not fulfill the require-
ments are required to take and satis-t
factorily complete this course. Enroll
for these lectures at the time of
regular classification at Waterman
Gymnasium. These lectures are af
graduation requirement. -
Section No. I: First Lecture, Mon-
day, March 13,4:15-5:15, Rackham
Auditorium; Subsequent Lectures,
Successive Mondays, 4:15-5:15, Rack-
ham Auditorium; Examination (fin-
al), Monday, April 24, 4:15-5:15,
Rackham Auditorium,
Section No. II: First Lecture, Tues-
day, March 14, 4:15-5:15, Rackham
Auditorium; Subsequent Lectures',
Successive Tuesdays, 4:15-5:15,'
Rackham Auditorium; Examination
(final), Tuesday, April 25, 4:15-5:15,
Rackham Auditorium.
Margaret Bell, M.D.
May Festival Tickets: The counter
sale of season tickets for the May
Festival will begin Friday, March 17,
at 9 o'clock at the offices of the Uni-
versity Musical Society, Burton Mem-
orial Tower, and will continue as.
long as tickets are available. The
prices for season tickets, including
the present 10% tax, $8.80, $7.70 and
$6.60 will continue through the
month of March. Prices for single
concerts are $2.75, $2.20, $1.65 and
On April 1, the new Federal tax
law which increases the tax from
10% to 20% will become effective.
Thereafter the prices for season tick-
ets will be $9.60, .$8.40 and $7.20 and
for single concerts $3.00, $2.40, $1.80
and $1.20.
All orders received prior to March
17 will be filed and filled in sequence
in advance and will be mailed out
about April 1. Remittances should
be made payable to the University
Musical Society and mailed to
Charles A. Sink, President, Burton
Memorial Tower.
Academic Notices
Students, College of Literature,
Science and the Arts: Election cards
filed after the end of the first week
of the semester may be accepted by
the Registrar's Office only if they
are approved by Assistant Dean Wal-
Bronson-Thomas Annual German
Language Award offered juniors and
seniors in German. The contest will
be held from 2 to 5 o'clock Friday,
March 24. The award, in the amount
of $38, will be presented to the stu-
dent writing the best essay dealing
with some phase in the development
of German literature from 1750-1900.
Students who wish to compete and
who have not yet handed in their
applications should do so immediate-
ly in Rm. 204 University Hall.
Kothe - Hildner Annual German
Language Award offered students in
Courses 31, 32, 35 and 36. The con-
tct r. n s +, inn . C - rm n_

COMPANY C set out last night Ito
bite the hand which feeds it. In
other words, "Bidin Our Time," Com-
pany C's own musical comedy, aims
its barbs directly at the A.S.T.P. The
barbs, however, are not too piercing,
for Cpl. Hy Wolotsky's book amounts
to little more than an adolescent
imitation of Bob Hope. And the at-
tempts at fun, last night, were not
helped by a production and direction
which was just about as professional
as last year's senior play at Central
High. But there was a spirit to the
production, and the evening didn't
prove half bad.
The less said about the book the
better, and we've already made our
one remark in that direction. To
make up for that, however, there
was a score which was mighty
sprightly, thanks to Cpl. Troy Bart-
lett. "Where Have You een?,
"You Keep My Heart Awake," and
"So Little Time" were as smooth as
even Cole Porter might wish, espe-
cially when Mary Alapes and Cpl.
Joseph Shamitz cooperated on the
harmony. And a number called
"They're All Topographically In-.
clined" was handicapped only by
Jeanne Finlayson, who doesn't ex-
actly know how to put over a song.
As for the lyrics, they were less
sprightly. The repetition in "Release
a WAC for Active Duty" made a
rather ominous beginning for the
evening. And time after time the
singers missed their timing with the
pianists. The impression became that
of watching someone for a streetcar
that was sure to come around again.
Bidin' Our Time has a show-
stealer of the first water. One Cpl.
Charles Weisberg to be exact. Com-
pletely outfitted with the muns-
tache, the cigar and the walk of
Groucho Marx, Weisberg was the
only member of the cast to inject a
real professional ease into the per-
formance, as exemplified in par-
ticular by his one noticeable ad lib
during the course of the evening.
We don't mean that we think that
Weisberg is the only member of the
cast capable of such easy-going hu-
mor. We don't even mean to overlook
the fact that he was being particu-
larly unoriginal in usurping the
Marxian tactics for his own. But we
do think that he deserved his special
round of applause last night, and we
hope, and expect, that the others
follow suit and loosen up tonight and
That book again! Sorry, but we
just can't forget it. It's that running
gag about the script and about the
end of the play itself which really
annoyed us. There's no sense calling
attention to a bad thing, and Com-
pany C really insisted on nailing our
attention upon that book!
--Wlliamm Kehoe

is to be held today at 3:00 p.m. in
Rm. 108 Rackham Building. All stu-
dents who are unable to report at
that time should contact Alan D.
Meecham before Friday afternoon ,in
106 Rackham Building. Office hours
daily 8-12 and 1:30-4:30.
General Zoology for Forestry Stu-
dents (Zoology 4) meets on Friday
for Recitation and Laboratory from
1:00-5:00 in 2103 Natural Science
Applied Mathematics Seminar will
meet Monday, March 13, at 4 p.m. in
.Professor Churchill's office, 319 West
Engineering. An hour for future
meetings will be chosen then.
Latin American Studies 194: This
course meets on Tuesday, 3:00-5:00
in Rm. 18 Angell Hall.
Events Today
The Ann Arbor Library Club will
meet tonight at 7:45 in Ri. 110 Gen-
eral Library.
At this meeting we shall have the
privilege of visiting the bindery.
Demonstrations of the various pro-
cesses and types of binding have been
arranged by Mr. W. C. Hollands, Sup-
erintendent Emeritus of Printing and
Binding. Attention will also be given
to the exhibit of fine bindings in the
corridor of the library.
Refreshments will be served by the
staff of the Ann Arbor Public Library
at the close of the evening.
"Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet this afternoon at 4 o'clock in
Rm. 319 West Medical Building.
'Phosphatases' will be discussed. All
interested are invited."
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation:
Conservative religious services will be
held at the Hillel Foundation today,
starting promptly at 7:30 p.m. Ser-
vices will be conducted by AS Harvey
Weisberg, Elliott Organick, '44E, and
Rabbi Jehudah M. Cohen.
C4onmng r Events
Research Club: The March meet-
ing of the Research Club will be held
® in the amphitheatre of the Rackham
Building, Wednesday evening, March
15, 1944, at eight o'clock. The follow-
ing papers will be read: "Shake-
speare's Coriolanus, a Tragedy in
- Class Struggle" by Professor Paul
-OMipgr e and "Eletron Diffraction

SWe're held up here ten
minutes. If you want to
get off and stretch-
Can I send
a telegram?
* APp saw-
-Mr.O'Malley. This is Mr. Bender.
He says he knows you very well-
.. ---- _______

By Crockett Johnson



1 V.

Send yovr- wire. We'll s roliz f
rrrgy run into one'o my Sermtor
friends, 66 a fredf forflie lad-

Mr. Sender! 1 see Mr. O'Malley!
You know hire, you soidl. Look!
Q'Mclley? Of
course l know
him. B0 l-®

There' At the end
of the platform!..
- -

Cushfa6i&Ifmrc ! Why' i he
running like that?. . Over
the fence!. . . Oops! On his


I've had a bad trip thus far,
Barnaby. . . I keep flying off
the radio beam. Getting lost-

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