THE MIONIC2A N fDAILY
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Edited and managed by students of the University
of Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Jo Ann Peterson
Mary Anne Olson
Marjorie Hall .
Elizabeth A. Carpen
. . . City Editor
. . . . . Associate Editor
. . .Sports Editor
. . . . Associate Sports Editor
* . . Associate Sports Editor
. . . Women's Editor
. . . Associate Women's Editor
.Associate Women's Editor
5 - -
''. a e / /T waxt
Beautiful Dory of -
Margery Batt . . . Associate P
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.25, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
NIGHT EDITOR: CLAIRE SHERMAN
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the .views of the writers only.
'Races of Mankind' Recommended
THE PUBLIC AFFAIRS pamphlet, "The Races
of Mankind," again hit the headlines when
it was recommended for use in high school
courses at a session of the Michigan Adult In-
Rabbi Jehudah Cohen of Hillel Foundation
urged the use of this booklet to combat bigotry
in racial matters. Already banned by several
organizations as being "too controversial" and
"untruthful," the race book was evaluated this
time on the basis of intelligent and better
understanding of scientific experiments and
theories. In addition, it is the same pamphlet
that is used as part of the text in a Universitry
sociology course on modern social problems.
Yet in January the USO president halted
distribution of it in the clubs even though no
complaints had been received from the service-
men. In March the House Military Affairs
Committee ordered 50,000 copies scrapped that
were to be used in Army orientation courses.
Rabbi Cohen was justifiably incensed by that
action which he believes was done upon the
insistence of "a few bigoted higher-ups."
While the last word has not yet been said on
the subject of the supposedly anthropological
superiority of whites and Negroes and the out-
standing characteristics of the races of all man-
kind, it is yet too early to take a stubborn and
unmoving stand. In the meanwhile let the
students and soldiers form their own conclusions
from one of the best sources available at this
time. -Dorothy Potts
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-May 17.-Of all the varie-
gated defenses Hitler has conceived to block the
Second Front-from rocket-guns to flame on the
Channel--the one which the Allies are worried
most about is the plain, relatively old-fashioned
The Nazis have developed a new type of
machine nest, tried it out at Cassino, and it
was one reason for our failure to advance.
This pillbox is of very heavy concrete, quite
small, extends only a foot or so above the ground
and is extremely difficult to see from the air.
The pillbox usually houses two machine guns,
hitched together so that one man can fire both
together at the same time.
One Nazi is in each pillbox so that if he is
hit only one man is lost. But it takes almost a
direct bomb hit to knock him out, so air pound-
ing of them from overhead is not too effective.
These pillboxes, buried in the mountains at
Cassino, were terrifically effective, and more of
them are reported lying in wait behind the shore
along the coast of Western Europe.
Discharge Buttons.. .
With more than a million men now honorably
discharged from the Army for wounds, health or
age, the question of honorable discharge buttons
becomes more and more important.
It took the Army some time to 'design a dis-
charge button, but now that it is designed, men
and officers have a hard time getting it-un-
broken. The buttons are made of plastic and
when mailed to veterans, usually arrive in
One discharged Air Forces captain got his
discharge button all right in an envelope from
Major Jesse C. Hicks, assistant quartermaster,
Hill Field, Ogden, Utah. But there was no
packing around it and it was in several pieces.
When he wrote back for a new button, Major
"There are no provisions for replacing bro-
ken buttons. Therefore, we are unable to
comply with your request."
Note-Some of the boys think that with all the
gold we have buried at Fort Knox, we could spare
Here is the roll call of GOP public relations
sharks and their stipends:
James P. Selvage, overall GOP publicity boss,
salary $1,211 per month (taxes deducted);
Robert Pritchard, publicity expert, $459.44 to
prepare radio script; W. J. Donald, a perennial
fixture at Republican headquarters, draws,
$730.90 (taxes deducted). He is a self-appoint-
ed defender of the U.S. Constitution and is
kept on the payrolls despite the long series of
Republican defeats. His principal duties con-
sist of a daily reading of the Congressional
Record and digesting same.
Carlisle Bargeron, erstwhile critic of Herbert
Hoover, now gets $705.46 (taxes deducted) to
raise the party he once criticized.
Percy L. Graves, Jr., another "publicity ex-
pert," draws $497.88 (taxes deducted).
Floyd E. McCaffree, chief GOP researcher,
gets $497.88 (taxes deducted) per month to col-
lect speeches made by Roosevelt and show how
the President has failed to keep his promises.
Walter F. Brittan, political expert, gets $1,238.-
72 (taxes deducted) from the Republican party.
G. Glenn Saxon, an Alf Landon brain-truster,
is back again, and recently charged the GOP
$1,104.67 for "services and expenses."
Capitol Chaff .. .
One of Father Coughlin's old backers, Robert
Harriss, the cotton broker, is now promoting a
candidate to run against able Congressman
Wright Patman of Texas. Patman has been
too forthright for some of the boys lately .
T. A. M. Craven has let it be known he will not
accept reappointment to the Federal Communi-
cations Commission when his term ends in June.
Actually this is just face-saving, for the inside
fact is the President would never reappoint him.
(Copyright, 1944, United Features Syndicate)
IN A BOOK called "I Write from Washington,"
Marquis Childs speaks of President Roosevelt
as the man "who is now hot, now cold, now right,
now left, now black, now white."
This has proved particularly true in the
conduct of foreign affairs. From the evidence
we have on hand, the President himself is as
much to blame as anyone in the State Depart-
ment for the mishandling of our relations with
the Free French Committee.
Franklin Roosevelt does not like Charles De
Gaulle, and for that reason mainly he will not
grant full recognition to the French government
in exile. The above seems like oversimplifica-
tion, but that personalities are involved is indis-
putable. Mr. Churchill, who does not overly love
the temperament of General De Gaulle, is all the
same willing to accept him now as the accredited
leader of a provisional government and Marshal
Stalin has already done so. Only FDR holds
I think here he is dead wrong. He was
wrong in playing ball with Vichy, his Secretary
of State was wrong in referring to De Gaullists
as "the so-called Free French" when they oc-
cupied the islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon,
he is wrong in continuing to consider France as
an Associate Nation-whatever that may be-
instead of a full-fledged United Nation.
Did it surprise you to read about Frenchmen
spearheading the drive of the Allied Fifth Army
in Southern Italy? Not a few of us were shocked
to hear from Pierre Clemenceau when he spoke
in Ann Arbor that his countrymen had suffered
higher casualties than any other ally-that since
the capitulation of France. The fact is really
amazing inasmuch as we have been led to believe
that France has contributed virtually nothing
THE BRITISH, who suffer from Empire-
shrinkage, have reason for belittling a France
they might want to absorb. A union between
England and France of the sort Prime Minister
Churchill proposed to Premier Reynaud in the
dark hours of 1940 would make Britain much
more formidable at the peace table. In that
light Jan Smuts' references to France as a third-
rate power make sense, trial balloons though
they are. But our policy simply does not make
We, not the British, bungled matters in
North Africa. We unearthed Peyrouton, dick-
ered with Darlan, and courted Giraud. In one
last effort to force Giraud down the throats of
protesting Frenchmen, our President invited
the General to America. He came, he saw,
and De Gaulle conquered.
For once the people have won out. They
wanted De Gaulle to be their leader and he is.
Why don't we rejoice at this democratic triumph
instead of having tantrums about that disagree-
able man in Algiers?
If he listens to the voice of the people over
the din of Robert Murphy and his colleagues in
the State Department, if he gets "hot" instead of
remaining "cold," the President will grant full
recognition to the French Committee. He will,
further, seek to offset the attempts being made
THURSDAY, MAY 18, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 138
All notices for The Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Choral Union Concerts: The Uni-
versity Musical Society announces
the Sixty-sixth Annual Choral Union
Concert Series as follows:
Helen Traubel, Soprano, Nov. 4;
Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell,
Guest Conductor, Nov. 12; Fritz
Kreisler, Violinist, Nov. 17; Josef
Lhevinne, Pianist, Nov. 27; Carroll
Glenn, Violinist, Dec. 5; Boston Sym-
phony Orchestra, Serge Koussevitzky,
Conductor, Dec. 11; Vladimir Horo-
witz, Pianist, Jan. 15; Dorothy May-
nor, Soprano, Feb. 3; Westminster
Choir, John Finley Williamson, Con-
ductor, Feb. 11; Chicago Symphony
Orchestra, Desire Defauw, Conductor,
Orders for season tickets with re-
mittance to cover will be accepted by
mail, or may be left in person at the
offices of the University Musical So-
ciety in Burton Memorial Tower.
Prices, including tax (and a special
May Festival coupon in the value of
$3.60 when applied toward payment
of May Festival series ticket): $14.40,
$12.00, $9.60 and $7.20. Orders will
be filed, and will be filled in sequence,
Tickets will be mailed out about
Oct. 1 by ordinary mail, unless 20
cents additional is included for regis-
Scholarships in Meteorology: The
U.S. Weather Bureau is offering tui-
tion scholarships covering the nine-
months advanced course at the Insti-
tute of Meteorology, University of
Chicago, beginning June 19, 1944.
Applicants must be American citi-
zens, 20-30 years of age, who have
had at least two years of college work,
including differential and integral
calculus and one year of college phys-
ics. Those interested may consult
Prof. Ralph L. Belknap (3054 NS or
108 MH), or write directly to Profes-
sor Carl G. Rossby, Director of the
Institute of Meteorology, University
of Chicago, Chicago, Ill.
Admission to the School of Bus-
iness Administration: Application for
admission to this School beginning
with the Summer Term must be filed
not later than June 1. Information
and application blanks available in
Rm. 108, Tappan Hall.
Phi Beta appa: The Keys have
arrived, and hould be called for at
the Secretary's Office, Observatory,
on Thursday and Friday of this week.
The Regular Thursday Evening
Record Concert held in the Men's
Lounge of the Graduate School will
be cancelled this week due to a gen-
eral breakdown in our record player.
We hope the player will be repaired
by next week so that we may plan on
the May 25 concert.
Women students interested in sales
positions for the summer are asked
to meet the representative of Mandel
Bros. on Friday morning at the Bur-
eau of Appointments. Call Miss Mil-
dred Webber at Ext. 371.
Henry Russel Lecture: Dr. John
Alexander, Professor of Surgery, will
deliver the Henry Russel Lecture for
1943-44, on the subject, "Develop-
ments in Thoracic Surgery." (illus-
trated), at 4:15 p.m. today in the
Rackham Amphitheatre. Announce-
to minimize France. He will hasten
the growth of the Fourth Republic
and see to it that France is given its
due. That country did meet with
defeat at the hands of the Germans
almost four years ago. But what
pacific nation could have withstood
the Wehrmacht in 1940 when that
mighty juggernaut was at the peak
of its power and the world was caught
Far from reviling France for its
military defeat we should thank God
that France held off Germany as
long as she did. And if her defense
seemed half-hearted don't let's forget
that La Belle France bore the brunt
of the titanic struggles which raged
on French soil in World War I. These
would have been enough to weaken
Loose talk about French decadence
should be taken with the proper con-
tempt. France was no more decadent
in the years preceding this war if
general immorality, a declining birth
rate, and mass unemployment are the;
signs, than England or Germany for
that matter, the United States.
NEW YORK, May 17.-There is a
kind of general agreement, or con-
spiracy, under way to say that every-
body now has the same foreign pol-
icy, and that therefore foreign policy
is not an issue in the coming election.
A cheap kind of G.I. foreign policy
has been worked out, consisting of
a routine endorsement of the four-
power alliance; and it fits all candi-
dates, like a short haircut.
But this does not make all candi-
dates equal in this field, and it is a
preposterous rib on the voter to hold
that it does.
Are we really to believe that a man
who has not had an idea on foreign
policy for eleven years can mount a
platform, toss off a few corny phras-
es, and thereby make himself the
equal, in foreign affairs, of a Roose-
velt, a Willkie, a Churchill, an Eden,
a Stalin or a Molotoff?
Is- there really no difference be-
tween a man like Governor Bricker,
who has belatedly endorsed the
four-power- alliance, and a man
like, say, Henry L. Stimson, who
dared, thirteen years ago, when he
was Secretary of State, to oppose
Japanese aggression in Manchuria?
Are their foreign policies alike,
really? Do they both come up to
precisely the same mark on the
wall? Is there no difference, actual-
ly, between the man who has just
learned his ABC's and the man who
wrote the book?
We are asked to believe that men
who are different in every other pos-
sible respect have become magically
alike in this one field of foreign
Though they may not resemble
each other in the least in height,
weight, color of eyes, the books they
read and the thoughts they have
thought; in blood pressure or in lit-
eracy; in previous conditions of ser-
ment of the Henry Russel Award for
the current year will be made at this
University Lecture: "The Golden
Chain of Concord," by Professor
Henry W. Taeusch of Western Re-
serve University in Rackham Amphi-
theatre on Friday, May 19, at 4:15
p.m., under the auspices of the De-
partment of English.
M.P. 5, Welding: Class will meet
this week on Saturday at 9 a.m.
instead of Thursday. Laboratory on
Friday as usual.
Doctoral Examination for Make-
peace Uho Tsao, Pharmaceutical
Chemistry; thesis: "Antispasmodics.
VII," Friday, May 19, 309 Chemistry,
2 p.m. Chairman, F. F. Blicke.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members of
the faculties and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend this examina-
tion, and he may grant permission to
those who for sufficient reason might
wish to be present
Woodwind Recital under the direc-
tion of William D. Revelli will be
presented at 8:30 this evening in
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre. The
program will include compositions for
soloists and ensemble groups by
Bach, Widor, Haydn, Sobeck, Grif-
fiths, Mozart and Dallier.
The public is cordially invited.
Student Recital: Violet Oulbegian,
pianist, will present a recital in par-
tial fulfillment of the requirements
for the Bachelor of Music degree at
8:30 p.m., Sunday, May 21, in Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre. A student of
John Kollen, Miss Oulbegian will
play compositions by Brahms, Moz-
art, Ravel and Chopin.
The public is cordially invited.
College of Architecture and De-
sign: The exhibition of sketches and
water color paintings made in Eng-
land by Sgt. Grover D. Cole, instruc-
tor on leave in the College of Archi-
tecture and Design, will be continued
until June 1. Ground floor cases,
Architecture Building. Open daily
except Sunday 9 to 5. The public is
Tea at International Center is
served each week on Thursday from
4 to.5:30 p.m. for foreign students,
faculty, townspeople, and American
student friends of foreign students.
Members of the Faculty and stu-
dents are invited to attend all ses-
sions of the Adult Education Insti-
tute today. Attention is especially
called to the panel at three o'clock
on Post-War Labor and Employment
Catholic Students: Thursday is the
Chairmen, Publicity Chairmen. If
anyone has any questions please call
Naomi Miller at 24516.
Zoology Club Meeting: There will
be a meeting of the Zoology Club at
7:30 p.m. in the Rackham Amphi-
theatre. Miss Grace Orton will speak
on "Systematic and phylogenetic sig-
nificance of certain larval characters
in the Amphibia Salientia."
The Cercle Francais will meet in
Rm. 302 of the Union at eight o'clock.
Foreign students are especially in-
vited to attend.
Id Itather Be Right
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
be held on Friday, May 19, at 4 p.m.,
in Rm. 319 West Medical Building.
"Biological (Metabolic) Aspects of
the Methyl Purines" will be discussed.
All interested are invited.
There will be a business meeting of
the Post-War Council Friday at 5 in
the Michigan Union. All members
"The Inter-Cooperative Council In-
corporated will hold a special meet-
ing of all members, Friday, May 19,
at 6:45 p.m., Rm. 304 at the Michigan
Union. It is imperative that all mem-
Avukah will present a Symposium
on "The Arab Viewpoint vs. Zionism"
at the Hillel Foundation, Friday, May
19, at 8:30 p.m, Profeisor Calder-
wood of the Political Science Depart-
enmt and Mr. Max Dresden of th'e
Physics Department will be the prin-
CrayonDrawings: Do you want
your Sketch Drawn? Come to the
USO Friday Afternoon between 1 and
5 p.m. Colored Crayon Drawings done
by Mrs. John Bradfield. Please make
an appointment in advance.
Dancing Lessons: The USO Dan-
cing Class will be held this Friday
evening from 7 to 8 p.m. under the
direction of Lt. Flegal.
Friday Night Dance: The USO Fri-
day Night Dance will be held as usual
Friday night from 8 to Midnight.
Come and enjoy a dance with the
USO Junior Hostesses.
Saturday Night Dance: Saturday
Night Dance at the USO Club from
8 to Midnight. USO Junior Hostess
Company X and Y in charge. Dance
with the Junior Hostesses-- Men
wishing to bring a date please obtain
a guest card from the USO Office
two hours before the Dance--Ser-
vicemen and wives always welcome.
Refreshments will be served.
Sunday Morning Breakfast: Pan-
cakes at the USO Club Sunday Morn-
ing!! All servicemen are cordially
invited to come to the USO Club
Sunday Morning and enjoy a Pan-
cake breakfast. Don't miss this!
Breakfast will be served starting at
Sunday Afternoon Open House:
Open House Sunday Afternoon and
vitude or desuetude; in the anxiety
or placid calm with which they have
viewed world developments; we are
asked to believe, I say, that though
they differ in every other conceivable
respect, they have all become so alike
in this field of foreign policy that
you really cannot tell them apart. I
call it an optical illusion, and a
pretty feeble one. They just don't
look like quintuplets to me.
It has been said that you can't
hold it against a man because he was
rather slow to make up his mind.
Why can't you? What's wrong with
a speed test? We use speed tests in
every other field. How else can you
predict future behavior? You don't
have to drive a car a hundred thous-
and miles to find out it won't do
In this one field, and only in this
field, we are told that it is impolite
to look into a candidate's record.
In this one field, the normal elec-
tion processes are reversed, and
instead of the stressing of differ-
ences, there is an agitated stressing
of similarities. Now, of course, from
the standpoint of national unity,
it is important that all the candi-
dates have come out for the four-
power alliance. They have per-
formed a useful public service by
doing so. And for catching up with
majority opinion at last, and learn-
ing their recitations, each one is
clearly entitled to paste a gilt star
into his notebook.
But that doesn't entitle him to
teach the course. There is still a
difference between Aristotle and Poor
Poll, though both may say the same
words, under certain circumstances.
.And it is a darn suspicious circum-
stance that it is those who were
wrong on foreign policy who now
maintain that absolutely everybody
is right; and those who were isola-
tionists who now hpld that nobody is,
(Copyright, 1944, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
By Crockett Johnson
Easy, isn't it, Gridley? ... Just
rub the two sticks together.. .
It takes a bit of time. Rome
I P 1
I was thinking of you, m'boy ...
Of how, unintentionally, I may
have been a bit curt to you...
... Of how you'll enjoy my tales'
of the days of "Dan" Boone and
"Dan" Beard and "Dan" O'Malley,
CROC ETT COPYrlgh# 144 ~4 PeW u~io,,.
f a also thinking!,
m'bo, of wha e