THE MICT1IEAN TIATTY-
SU1NDbAY. MAY1. 1944
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Edited and managed by students of the University
of Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Bud Low .
Jo Ann Peterson
Mary Anne Olson
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. . . .Associate Sports Editor
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. . . Associate Women's Editor
Associate Women's Editor
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Foih r y rctcs ni-e its
Elizabeth A. Carpenter
. Business Manager
Associate Business Manager
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Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
NIGHT EDITOR: BARBARA HERRINTON,
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Jobs for Ne roes
THE NEW labor ceilings imposed by the War
Manpower Commission in the Detroit area
are an attempt to settle vital manpower prob-
lems before D day.
John W. Gibson, president of. the Michigan
CIO Council, brought into focus one perhaps
forgotten factor in this situation when he
commented, "Why don't they utilize the avail-
able Negroes to ease the manpower situation?
. because the United States Employment
Service permits employers to reject qualified
Negroes for work in their plants, although such
practices are strictly prohibited in the Presi-
dent's executive order."
Detroit. scene of race riots last summer, is
the nerve center of our war production efforts.
The WMC and the WPB in instituting this new
ceiling control on manpower are attempting to
make. more effective our control of vital man-
power. But Mr. Gibson has pointed out an im-
portant point which cannot be overlooked. If
we are to speed up our total war effort, every
American must be permitted, encouraged to take
full and equal part of the job 'that must be done.
President Roosevelt, through his executive or-
der and the Fair Employment Practices Com-
mittee, has created the machinery by which such
total action can be enforced. Let us put it to
use sb that our war effort will become the total
action of a united people working for the same
goal. -Kathie Sharfman
HOPEFUL planners for a post-war peace, with
men governed by their intellect rather than
their primitive prejudices, have lost some of their
faith in world-wide brotherhood the past few
weeks, thanks to the action of a Polish Army
court-martial in Britain in imposing heavy sen-
tences on Jewish soldiers who deserted the Polish
forces because of anti-Semitism and attempted
transfer to the British Army.
It is certainly discouraging to find that a
portion of the Polish servicemen have failed
to learn a lesson in tolerance, if nothing more
from this war. For many centuries Poland
has been the blackest spot on the map, as far
as the Jewish people are concerned, for it is
in that country that some of the most vicious 1
anti-Semitism has been found.
But it was thought by most optimistic demo-
crats that the dark days in Poland were a thing
of the past; that after living under the terroristic
oppression of the Nazi invaders, the Polish people
would understand the value of freedom for
others as well as for themselves and that they
would take an enlightened position in their rela-
tion with the Jews when they again had the
opportunity to establish a free and independent
Poland. This has not been true, for they have
failed to emerge from their philosophy of the
In the recent court-martial, the reactionary
Id Rather Be Right
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
officers sentenced 30 Jewish soldiers to terms
of from one to three years imprisonment for
"desertion." Because of its possible implications
in the post-war position of the Polish nation, it
is well to look into the background of these so-
RIDICULE and violent threats were the daily
diet by the Polish Army officers in Britain
to their fellow-soldiers who were Jewish. Finally
the Jewish soldiers, unwilling to endure such
treatment while fighting as a part of an Allied
army on British soil, left and sought transfer to
the British forces.
In testimony before the House of Commons,
which investigated the case, a Polish corporal
was quoted as saying, "I beat Jews in Poland
before the war and will beat them upon my
return to Poland, if any of them are still left
there." Also quoted were two captains, one
who expressed high regard for Hitler in front
of his soldiers "because Hitler is murdering
the Jews" and another who warned a Jewish
soldier that "the time will yet come for the
Wednesday the Premier of the Polish Govern-
ment-in-exile, Stanyslaw Mikolajczyk, voiced
fears that in the final hour of triumph the
United States, Russia, and Great Britain might
squeeze out the smaller powers from equal right
in, the peace. Perhaps this would be a good time
for the Premier to define clearly the funda-
mental principles on which he proposes to set
up a free Poland. If they are inconsistent with
the ideals for which we are fighting this war,
does his government deserve equal rights? Those
Polish leaders who advocate a continuation of
Hitler's mass-murder of minorities technique
when they return to their homeland are not the
men to trust with the framewyork of future peace
eZietleri to the 6cldor
To a Cuckoo:
(equipped with public address system)
"Oh, cuckoo, shall I call thee' bird or but a
wandering voice" reverberating in the canyons
east of Angell Hall?t
To put it mildly, lady, we call thee bird and
venture to suggest that there is a part of this
campus in Bloemfontein, South Africa, and
another part which you might like better in
Jackson Hole, Wyoming.
Look at our curly Triton. He stays in one place
and spouts away all summer but what does he
Signed for myself and several others in the
Department of Mathematics.
Program: Wagner: Overture to "Die
Meistersinger"; Songs by Bidu Sayao;
Tschaikovsky: Symphony No. 6 in B
THE combination of Mme. Bidu
Sayao and the Philadelphia Or-
chestra under the direction of Saul
Caston was unbeatable last night at
Hill Auditorium in what proved to
be the most popular and successful
concert to date in the 1944 Festival.
Mme. Sayao, after starting out
somewhat shakily with the aria "Re-
venez, revenez, amour" by Lully end-
ed u by completely bewitching and
charming her audience. Her gracious
manner and beauty were well suited
for the coloratura roles of the fam-
ous "Una Voce poco fa" and the elfin-
like "Stizzoso, mio stizzoso" but it
was in the more serious and moving
music of her fellow. countryman,
Villa-Lobos, and the "Come se'renam-
ente" by Gomez that the full rich-
ness of her voice was more apparent.
If Mme. Sayao seemed to lack vol-
ume and tend toward throatiness in
her opening number, it was more than
erased by her wonderful tonal full-
ness in the last two numbers.
In presenting such standard con-
cert favorites as the Tschakovsky
Sixth Symphony and the Overture to
Die Meistersinger as well as the live-
ly Interlude and Dance from "La
Vida Breve" by Manuel de Falla, the
Philadelphia Orchestra .under Mr.
Caston was able to demonstrate all
its skill ard mastery in the orchestral
portion of the program.
Mr. Caston's interpretation of the
sixth symphony was a mature and
powerful one. The orchestra r-
sponded with exceptional clarity
unityand tonal magnificence.
SUNDAY, MAY 7, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 129
All notices for The Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Student Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to students
Wednesday afternoon, May 10, from
4 to 6 o'clock.
To the Members of the Faculty of
the College of Literature, Science and
the, Arts: There will be a special
meeting of the Faculty of the College
of Literature, Science and the Arts in
Rm. 1025, Angell Hall, May 8, 1944, at
4:10 p.m .-Special Order- Corre-
Abbott and Fassett Scholarships:
Candidates for these scholarships
should apply at once through the
office of the Dean or Director of the
sc;iool or college in which they are
registered, since assignments will be
made on or about June 1.
In each case applicants must have
been in residence at least one term.
The Emma M. and Florence L. Abbott
Scholarships are awarded to women
students in any degree-conferring
unit of the University who fulfill the
conditions prescribed by the donor.
The Eugene G. Fassett Scholarships
are awarded to worthy persons of
either sex in the undergraduate
schools and colleges.
University Lecture: "The Inner
Content of Chinese Painting," by
Dr. Sherman E. Lee, Curator of Far
Eastern Art at the Detroit Institute
of Arts, under the auspices of the
Institute of Fine Arts. Rackham
Amphitheatre, Monday, May 8, at
University Lecture: Dr. Andre
Dreyfus, Dean of the Faculty of
Philosophy, University of Sao Paulo,
Brazil, will speak on "Science in
Brazil and the University of Sao
Paulo," Tuesday, May 9, at 8 p.m.,
Rackham Amphitheatre. This lecture
is under the auspices of the Depart-
ment of Zoology. Open to the public.
University Lecture: Dr. Manuel
Gonzalez-Montesinos, Professor of
Comparative Literature and Protocol
Officer in the National University of
Mexico, will lecture on the subject
"French Literary Influence in Mex-
ico," at 4:15 p.m., Tuesday, May 9, in
the Rackham Amphitheatre, under
the joint auspices of the Department
of Romance Languages and the In-
ternational Center. The public is
William H. Hobbs, Professor Emer-
Program: Handel-Harty: Suite from
the "Water Music"; DeLamarter: Songs
of the Americas; Berlioz: "Roman Car-
nival" Overture; Faure: Pavane; Mc-
Donald: Concerto for Two Pianos and
WITH three conductors, two solo-
ists, the Philadelphia Orchestra
and the Festival Youth, Chorus all
appearing yesterday afternoon at Hill
Auditorium, the ThirdMay Festival
program can hardly be classified as
an individual concert.
The only work pf a serious na-
ture was Harl McDonald's Concerto
for Two Pianos and Orchestra, con-
ducted by the coposer and played
by the Philadelphia Orchestra with
Pierre Luboshutz and Genia Nem-
enoth at theIpianos.
The concerto, performed here for
the first time, is a lively and enter-
taining work, reminiscent, in part, of
Rachmaninoff and Grieg. Mr. Lubo-
shutz and Mme. Nemenoff played
with spirit and sure touch, to a large
and enthusiastic audience.
Saul Caston led the Philadelphia
Orchestra in a brisk and articulate
interpretation of the ever pleasing
Handel "Water Music" suite and the
orchestra further demonstrated its
skill, also under Mr. Caston, in the
Faure "Pavane" and the noisy, gaudy
"Roman Carnival" Overtue by Ber-
Marguerite Hood and the Festival
Youth Chorus gave their annual pre-
sentation to an audience filled with
proud mammas and pappas with ac-
companiment by the benevolent Phil-
adelphia musicians. In a collection of
North and South American folk songs
the kids achieved their peak in two
numbers entitled, "Lord, I Want To
Be a Christian" and "Sourwood
Mountain." -H. L.
itus of Geology, will speak on "Island
Fortresses of the Pacific," in the
Rackham Auditorium on Tuesday,
May 9, at 7:30 p.m., under the auspi-
ces of the A.S.C.E. and A.S.M.E.
May Festival Concerts: The sev-
eral May Festival programs will be
The Philadelphia Orchestra will
participate in all of the concerts.
Sunday, May 7, 2:30: Nathan Mil-
stein, violinist; Gregor Piatigorsky,
violoncellist; Eugene Ormandy,
Conductor. All-Brahms program-
Academic Festival Overture, A min-
or Concerto; and Symphony No. 1.
Sunday, May 7, 8:30: Rose Bamp-
ton and Thelma von Eisenhauer,
sopranos; Kerstin Thorborg, con-
tralto; Charles Kullman, tenor;
John Brownlee, baritone; University
Choral Union (assisted by Univer-
sity Women's Glee Club); Palmer
Christian, organist; Hardin Van'
Deursen, Conductor. Mendelssohn's
"Elijah," a dramatic oratorio.
The Hill Auditorium box office
will be open from 9 to 5, and after
7 o'clock in the evening.
Holders of season tickets are re-
spectfully requested to detach be-
fore leaving home the coupons for
the respective concerts, instead of
bringing the whole season tickets.
Concerts will begin on time; doors
will be closed during numbers.
The Twenty-First Annual Exhibi-
tion by artists of Ann Arbor and
vicinity, presented by the Ann Arbor
Art Association, in the galleries of
the Rackham Building through May
12, daily except Sunday, afternoons
2 to 5 and evenings 7 to 10. The pub-
lic is cordially invited.
College of Architecture and Design:
Sketches and water color paintings
madIe in England by Sgt. Grover D.
Cole, instructor on leave in the Col-
lege of Architecture and Design.
Ground floor cases, Architecture
Building. Open daily except Sunday
9 to 5 through May 16. The public 'is
The Michigan Christian Fellowship
will meet this afternoon in the Fire-
place Room, Lane Hall, at four o'clock
instead of at the usual time, four-
thirty. Guest speaker is Bishop C. F.
Derstine of Kitchener, Ont.
Wesleyan Guild meeting at 5 p.m.
Vesper service followed by supper
and fellowship hour.
The Congregational-Disciples Guild
will meet at the Congregational
Church at 5 p.m. for a cost supper,
fellowship hour and worship service.
The program will conclude early to
allow free time before the evening
May Festival Concert.
Gamma Delta, Lutheran Student
Club, will have a supper meeting
today at 5:30 at the Student Center,
The Lutheran Student Association
will meet today in Zion Lutheran
Parish Hall at 5:30 o'clock. Supper
will be served at 6 and the program
will follow. Lowell Hasel will present
"An Annreciation of the Church
IF ANY student or group should be
looking for a cause, the successful
promotion of which will spell im-
mortality, here is that cause. The
downward trends in family life in
the United States keep right on,
first by the depression influence and
then by the war boom. From the bot-
tom of the depression to the top of
the war, juvenile delinquency has in-
creased. Martial ill-will, as registered
in the counseling load, the population
shifts and the divorce rate have
mounted steadily just when the an-
nual income improved The causes
are complex and we should avoid the
tendency to rate them. However, that
the family is being weakened is ap-
Whose concern is it, if not that of
the church? During the past twenty
years, the corroding influence of city
life, mounting cost of maternity, pas-
sing of labor value of children, in-
vestment in the automobile instead
of a domicile, the movie as easy en-
tertainment; etc., have revolutionized
the world in which the family must
function. Yet our churches use al-
most the identical methods they used
fifty years ago.
The churches, oblivious to the
fact that we are now in cities or
within city influence, put a prem-
ium on separatism or diversity, a
rural way of registering conviction.
Churches, since the Reformation,
have ignored the sociological com-
munity as a unit and continued its
own boundaries according to com-
mitment, thus confusing the child,
defeating the recreation leader and
starving the community, emotion-
ally. The churches have been part-
ners with families in taking two-
sevenths of every week from the
time programmed by the public
school without developing a com-
prehensive use of Saturday and
Sunday either for recreation or for
Could not one argue that the
American home, that one warm spot
in our culture for which the dough-
boy chiefly fights" has become a vic-
tim of the rural-city shift, of general
educational evasion, of dangerous
economic greed, of a definite modern
ecclesiastical lag, and finally of our
general failure to see marriage as a
sacrament contracted before God for
the child? And where shall that stu-
dent or student group begin? He can
begin by reading a volume or two on
the family. He can return to his
minister and discover the real object
of marriage accrding to religion. He
can go down to the welfare office and
see the wreckage in any city. He can
take a class in a church school or a
settlement and get into the lives of
children and their parents. He can
confer with the local probate judge
as to parents and our mounting de-
linquency. He can wake up his slum-
bering fellow students who with him
slumber above a social volcano, and
fiually he can enter one of the pro-
fessions which aim directly at a. cure
of those evils and a heightening of
the goods which touch Family.
Edward W. Blakemin
Counselor in Religious Education
mittee has planned a panel discussion
on the Problem of Admissions to the.
Privileges of Post-War Education. It
proposes consideration of these three
aspects of the problem: 1. Scholastic
Standards. 2. Social Screening and
Quotas. 3. Entrance Credentials for
Foreign Students. The Annual Meet-
ing is customarily open to members
Informal Reception for Dr.> Sher-
man E. Lee Monday evening, May 8,
in the Far Eastern Art Rom, Alumni
Memorial Hall, directly after the
lecture on "The Inner Content of
Chinese Painting," scheduled for 7:30
at the Rackham Amphittieatre.
The reception is under the auspices
of the Institute of Fine Arts and is
open to all students and faculty
members and wives interested in the
art of the orient.
Bacteriology Seminar will meet
Tuesday, May 9, in Rm. 1564 East
Medical Building at 4:30. Subject:
Some Recent Contributions to the
Histamine-Release Theory of Ana-
phylaxis. All interested are invited.
Mathenatics Club will meet Tues-
day evening, May 9, at 8 o'clock, in
the West Conference Room, Rack-
ham Bldg. Mr. A. A. Grau and Mr.
Wade Ellis will speak on their disser-
tations, the titles of which are, re-
spectively, "Ternary Operations and
Boclean Algebra," and, "On Relations
Satisfied by Linear Operators on a
Three Dimensional Linear Vector
The next meeting of the University
of Michigan Section of the American
Chemical Society will be held Wed-
nesday, May 10, 1944 at 4:30 p.m. in
Rm. 3Q3 of the Chemistry Building.
Mr. Walter J. Murphy, Editor of
"Industrial and Engineering Chemis-
try," will speak on "The Chemist's
Responsibility in War and Peace."
The public is cordially invited.
Biological Seminar: Dr. Andre
Dreyfus, zoologist and geneticist,
Dean of the Faculty of Philosophy,
University of Sao Paulo, Brazil, will
speak on his recent research in "Sex
Determination in Telenomus" in the
NEW YORK, May 6-The brave new world
will be built, if at all, by men who have a pas-
sion for it. As one watches the current crop of
candidates coming to the mourner's bench, one
by one, each to say his few words on behalf of
collective security, one listens for this not of
collective security, one listens for this note of
twittering. Nervousness, perhaps, but not passion.
If the leaders in the Republican race really
love the brave new world of collective security,
they will follow up the pursely formal statements
in which they have declared their attachment.
A man in love does follow up, you know. First
the declaration. Then candy, flowers. Telephone
calls. I don't think I ought to have to explain
about these things.
Mr. Dewey doesn't like "private diplomacy."
He thinks Congress should write the peace. Very
well; one would like to see Mr. Dewey in a
sweat about it. He might suggest a Constitu-
tiorial amendment, allowing treaties to be rati-
fied by simple majority vote in both Houses,
rather than by an unwholesome two-thirds in
the Senate alone He might, if he really loves
collective security (I don't say he doesn't) make
a fight for this reform; he might manage to
look anxious lest it be not done; he might sort
of, you know, hang around, the issue, the way
one who is deeply smitten does.
IN THE case of some of the lesser candidates,
especially, I get the curious feeling that they
have declared their love for the brave new world
that voter's conviction that there was a man
who was really in love. Somehow, when Mr.
Willkie took the platform to protest his affec-
tion for collective security, you did not have
the feeling that he was saying it because a
shotgun was being pointed at him from the
wings. He meant it, and he pursued the object
of his affections around the world. It never
sounded, on his lips, as if he were muttering:
"All right, damn it, I love you."
That is passion, and it is that feeling which
we must seek for, in the contemporary outbreak
of unimpressive wooing. For there really is a
danger that we are not going to get collective
security. Things might go wrong. And the man
who really longs for it will sigh a little, cry a lit-
tle, write letters, and walk the floor a little; he
will show signs of inner disturbance; he will show
activity too, in pursuit of his dearest aim. He
will take on, in open combat, those who throw
mud at collective security. I believe there is a
man in Chicago who does just that all the time,
and it is a poor lover who will see the object
of his affections pasted thus, and look the other
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
Production at the plant has been
dropping for the past month. I've
been worrying about that, I guess-
By Crockett Johnson
Not a chance. Can't afford to.
We're so short of help I don't
know what we're going to do-
o - n o ' ' s
But he can't do it right now.
He's so busy he even had to
work all last night. But he'll
be glad to give you advice-
7Good morning, m'boy.
I stopped by to proffer
this;b it f nlvic. . .