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May 07, 1944 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-05-07

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4 aitt


Cloudy and Warmer



PlanesDiop1000Tons on Invasion


New Guinea Coast RGds Extended

U .

S. Places 38 Iri

Air Force Hits
Hansa BayTo
Sarmi Area
Neutralize Airdromes;
Troop Concentrations,
Supply Bases Bombed
By the Associated Press
day.-Fifth Army Air Force fighters
and bombers maintained punishing
attacks on an estimated 60,000 by-
passed Japanese troops along 700
miles of the northern New Guinea
coast, headquarters reported today.
From Hansa Bay to Sarmi, Gen.
Douglas MacArthur's planes pressed
their assaults Thursday and Friday,
continuing the neutralization of air-
dromes, supply areas and troop con-
Dejected Japs Surrender
Hansa Bay is 350 miles southeast of
the new American invasion holdings
at Holandia and Sarmi is more than
130 miles to the northwest.
On beyond Sarmi in the Schouten
Islandsroff GeelvinkmBayca raiding
Fifth Airforce bomber downed an
enemy fighter.
The steadily neutralized enemy
bases of Rabaul, New Britain, Kavi-
eng, New Ireland and EKahili, Bou-
gainville, also were given air atten-
Dejected, half-starved Japanese
soldiers, defeated in the Hollandia
area of Dutch New Guinea, are sur-
rendering to their American conquer-
ors in greater numbers than in any
other southwest Pacific campaign.
Suicide Policy Discarded
U.S. airmen continue to blast their
airfields in that general region.
Advices from the headquarters of
General Douglas MacArthur indicate
that many of the Japanese have dis-
carced their earlier fanatical "sui-
cide rather than capture" theory and
are voluntarily surrendering. In pre-
vious campaigns few Japanese gave
up. Hundreds illed themselves rath-
er than fall into enemy hands. The
picture has changed. Today the Hol-
landia stockade holds 155 prisoners
and moping up operations are far
from completed.
I World News
at a Glance
By The Associated Press
Officer Casualties Listed
By the Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 6. - 'The
United States has lost 23 high offi-
cers of the Army, Navy and Marine
Corps in this war, either by death or
missing in action.
Thirteen Army generals, eight flag
officers of the Navy and two Marine
generals have been killed, become
missing or died during operatins
directly related to the war.
Priest Discusses Russia.. .
MOSCOW, May 6.- The Rev.
Stanislaus Orlemanski, Polish-Am-
erican priest concluding a 12-day
visit to Russia, declared today after
a second audience with Premier
'Joseph Stalin that the Soviet lead-
er is "very friendly disposed to-
wards the Roman Catholic Chu-
rch" and that "the religion of our
forefathers shall be the religion of
the Polish people."
Speed for Tax Bill..
WASHINGTON, May 6.-The new
income tax bill was promised a fast
trip through the Senate finance com-

mittee today by chairman George
(Dem., Ga.)
* * *
Lend-Lease Money Asked
WASHINGTON, May 6.-A $3,-
450,570,000 new appropriation for
lend-lease was asked bj President
Roosevelt today together with re-
appropriation of unspent funds to
make $7,188,893,000 available in
the fiscal year beginning next July
The amount would raise to about
$28,000,000,000 the total for lend-
lease since the program was start-

Concerns on Black
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 6.-The United States tonight blacklis
firms and businessmen accused of aiding the enemy.
The action was the first taken by this government to expr
economic measures its disapproval of Eire's decision in Febru
eject Axis officials accused of espionage by the Allies.
Never before has any Irish firm been blacklisted, althoug
in many other neutral countries in both this hemisphere and th
area had been put on the record which now totals approxim
Listing means that government officials consider they hav
evidence that the concerns are cooperating with the enemy in suc
as to contribute to the support of his war machine.
The sanctions applied range from denial of all facilities to su
this country to the threat of post-war penalties which will place1

"HOW'D I GET OUT ,ALIVE?"-First Lieut. Charles "Red" Stilson of Vale, Ore., stands by a Liberator
he crash landed in Britain and scratches his head as if wondering how he got out alive. Stilson had his
crew bail out -after the plane was severely damaged by enemy action. Then with one engine operating
he crash-landed.
PiatigorskymilmsteicTos Nez Solo Teoday
Charled-s Kuilman Scores Nazi People for War


Tenor Sang in Berlin
During Rise of Nazis


"The people of Germany must be
held responsible for the trouble in
which they now find themselves,"
Charles Kullman, American opera
star and May Festival soloist, who as
tenor of the Berlin State Opera from
1930 to 1934 witnessed the rise of the
Nazis to power, said in a backstage
interview yesterday.
Nazi Spirit Spread Fast
"While it is true," he continued,
"that at first the Nazis zepresented
only a minority of the German peo-
ple, their spirit soon took hold of all
the nation. An interesting example
of this in the musical field, was when
members of the chorus began to
show up for rehearsals in the party
uniform, much to the anger of Wil-
helm Furtwangler, the conductor. 3
"In Vienna, where I went in 1934,"
Mr. Kullman remarked, "I found the
people to be much more sympathetic
and easy going. It was my privilege
to sing at the Memorial Service held
for Chancellor Dolfuss who was as-
sinated by-the Nazis. At the service,
which consisted of a performance of
Second Victory
Varieties To Be
Ucild May 20
Tentative plans for the second Vic-
tory Varieties show which will be
held Sathrday, May 20, in Hill Ahdi-
torium will feature the farewell ap-
pearance of Bill Sawyer-Michigan's
own-on the campus as well as four
star vaudeville acts.
Sawyer and his orchestra have for
many years past been thecog about
which most of Michigan's musical
life centered and Assistant Dean of
Students Walter B. Rea character-
ized his contributions as "a proges-
sive influence in musicson campus."
Sawyer To Go to Chicago
At present Sawyer has contractual
arragnements workming on music for
a government film in Chicago and
other duties will take him from Ann
Arbor at the end of the month, Dean
Rea indicated.
Dean Bursley said that among the
four star acts billed are a boy and
girl roller skating duo, the Whirling
Spinners, who will come from New
York to appear on the program, and
an unsupported high ladder balance
act by Del Kosno, famous for his per-
formances with circus acts through-
out the country.
Hand-Balancing Act To Come
In addition, the Carltons will come
to Ann Arbor with their hand-balan-
cing act directly from New York. The
act is made up of a father and his
five-year-old son. Also The Rockets,

Pianos Coming Up ...
The next feature was to be a two
piano concerto yesterday after-
noon, but where were the two pi-
anos? The children of the Youth
Chorus had been vacated from
the platform; the musicians of
the Philadelphia Symphony Or-
chestra were seemingly ready and
waiting, but no pianos. Two men
standing in the center of the stage
knocked twice on the efloor and
then things began to happen. The
section of the floor was lowered
with the two men riding down.
The audiense was fascinated. Pre-
sently the heads of the men ap-
peared and then a piano. It was
wheeled off into position. Down
the men went again for the other
piano. And the audience was a bit
wiser as to how pianos arc placed
on the Hill Auditorium stage for

Verdi's "Requiem," Arturo Toscan-,
ini conducted," he said.
Sang in Vienna in 1936
The tenor explained how in Vienna
in 1936, together with Miss Thorborg
anc the Vienna Philharmonic with
Bruno Walter conducting, he sang in
Mahler's "Das Lied von, der Erde," in
a performance given to mark the 25th
anniversary of the composer's death.
"While I think the music of the piece
is very descriptive of the philosophy
of the poems to which it is put, I by
no means am in sympathy with that
philosophy of over-indulgences which
it sets forth," he said.
Mr. Kullman .told how after the
Nazis took over Austria he returned
home to the United States. "I was
on the verge of signing up for the
summer festival at Salzburg when
this event occurred. As for my post-
war plans," he asserted, "I have no
desire to perform in Germany again,
although I would like to return to
Salzburg, London and Vienna."
Negro Poet To
Give Lecture on
"Problems of Discrimination in the
Post-War World" will be discussed by
Langston Hughes, noted Negro poet,
author and lecturer, at 8 p.m. Tues-
day in Lane Hall Lecture Room.
The lecture is jointly sponsored by
Inter-Racial Association and Michi-
gan Youth for Democratic Action.
A slight admission charge will be
payable at the door.
Mr. Hughes was first discovered by
Vachel Lindsay in 1920, at which
time his first book, "The Weary
Blues" was published. Mr. Hughes
received the Harmon Gold Award in
1930 for his novel "Not Without
"Mullato," a play, is one of three
plays by a Negro playwright that
has been produced on Broadway. Mr.
Hughes is also one of the editors of

Philadelphia Orchestra
(Gives Brahms Concert
Gregor Piatigorsky, violoncellist
and Nathan Milstein, violinist will
appear as soloists in the May Festival
all-Brahms program which the Phil-
adelphia Orchestra will present at
2:30 p.m. today in Hill Auditorium.
Concluding the Festival, Rose
Bampton, Thelma von Eisenhauer,
Kerstin Thorborg, Charles Kullman,
John Brownless, the University Chor-
al Union, Palmer Christian and Har-
din Van Deursen will present Men-
delssohn's '.Elijah" in the final con-
cert of the series at 8:30 p.m.
Included on the program of the
all-Brahms concert will be the "Aca-
demic Festival" overture and Brahms'
Symphony No. 1. Nathan Milstein
and Gregor Piatigorsky will play his
"Concerto in A Minor, Op. 192."
The University Women's Glee Club,
with Wilsoni Sawyer directing, will
assist backstage in the final program.
John Brownlee, who is a leading
baritone of the Metropolitan, Chicago
and San Francisco Opera Companies,
will make his first appearance in Ann
Arbor when he sings in the final May
Festival concert today. .
The'baritone, who is an Australian,
made his operatic debut in Paris in
1926 and a few seasons ago made his
American debut. Last season he sang
more roles than any other baritone at
the Metropolitan.
Thelma von Eisenhauer, a soprano
who has obtained nationwide acclaim
in the field of oratorio, will also be
featured in the final May Festival
A member of the Chicago Opera
Company since 1939, Miss von Eisen-
hauer has appeared at the Bach Fes-
tival which was held at Berea, O.
* * *
"Ormandy .To Make
Tour of Australia
"I think we can do very much to
cement the friendship between the
cultures of the United States and
Australia," Eugene Ormandy, conduc-
tor of the Philadelphia Orchestra
said yesterday when questioned about
the "good will tour" he will make to
Australia, in a few days.
"I'm on my way now," he conductor
said. "Mrs. Ormandy, who will ac-
company me, has already left for
Australia by boat as women are not'
allowed to fly."
He revealed that he is planning to;
leave Tuesday for Australia where.
he will conduct 20 concerts in Mel-
bourne, Brisbane, Sydney and Adel-
Mr. Ormandy, who was invited by
the Australian Broadcasting Com-
mission through the OWL, said, "I am
being sent as a cultural ambassador
by the OWI."
He will conduct local orchestras
there in order to entertain servicemen
in Australia.t

Baseball Nine
Takes Double
Header, 9-0, 2-1
Single in Ninth Spoils
Bowman's No-Hitter
Featuring the brilliant pitching of
southpaw Bo Bowman who yielded
only one hit in the ninth and Elroy
Hirsch who held the Broncos to two
scratch singles, the Wolverines made
it six in a row as they took two from
Western Michigan, 9-0 and 2-1 yes-
With two men out in the ninth
inning of the first game, John Ho-
vanec, the Broncos' first baseman, hit
a sharp single over the second base-
man's head into centerfield to get the
only safety of the entire afternoon
off Bo Bowman. In nine innings of
play, Bowman walked only three men
and struck out nine.
The Michigan fielders played er-
rorless ball for the doubleheader and
first baseman Elmer Swanson han-
dled 27 chances without a flaw.
The first Wolverine runs crossed
the plate in the third inning as Bruce
Blanchard cmashed out a base hit
to left field. Bill Gregor then sacri-
ficed and Don Lund drove a hard hit
ball to the shortstop who made a poor
throw on his attempt to get Blan-
chard at the plate. Swanson ground-
ed out and right fielder Bob Nuss-
baumer reached second base after
the centerfielder misjudged his fly
ball scoring Lund. , Stevenson struck
out ending the inning which gave
the Wolverines a 2-0 lead over West-
ern Michigan.
After Rea Biddle walked Don Lund
See BASEBALL, p. 3
3,000 Detroit
Plant Foremen.
Continue Strike
DETROIT, May 6-( P)-Strikes af-
fecting more than 3,000 foremen in
Detroit plants and 14,000 employees
of Ford Motor Company of Canada
plants at Windsor, Ont., continued
without a break today, but a strike of
production workers in Detroit ended
and workers walked out in two other
Michigan plants.
United Automobile Workers (CIO)
leaders and Ford officials at Windsor
awaited conferences with Justice G.
B. O'Connor, chairman of the Na-
tional Wartime Labor Relations
Board, in hopes of a week-end settle-
ment of their dispute over grievance
Strikes by members of the Fore-
men's Association of America, seek-
ing recognition of their organization,
hampered production in eleven De-
troit plants of the Briggs Manufac-
turing Co., Hudson Motor Car Co.
and Packard Motor Car Co.
After a meeting addressed by Army
ordnance officers, employes of the
Warren Avenue plant of Chrysler Cor-
poration's DeSoto division voted to
end their one-day walkout and return
to their jobs at midnight Sunday.
This strike had affected 2,500 work-
The new walkouts affected 1,000
workers at the Chrysler parts depot
in Marysville, Mich., and 700 em-f
ployees of Briggs' Hamtramck plant.
Company officials in each case said
they were not informed of the reason
for the action.

I at a competitive disadvan
early months of economic
Some of the 38 have I
while others were Germa
names, apparently branc
man firms.
The disclosure that I
being listed apparently w
step to implement the
announced Thursday by F
sell, chief of theDivisio:
Trade Intelligence, Sta
ment, and chairman of t
trols the black list.
Japs Advaii
Thirty Mil
Toward Lo
By the Associated P
nese command announc
that strong Japanese ta
mored car forces in a 30-
through had driven tov
miles of the ancient city
gateway of an historic inv
to the interior of China.
The Japanese, slowe
frontal attack on Loyan
Lunghai railway from the
swiftly from recently-cap
ju to the southeast, cro
River and raced to with
Loyang itself before bein
heavy fighting with the C
Tonight's communiqu
edged Japanese advances
er sectors of the Hona
front, which the enemy w
ing rapidly in a campaign
described by Japanesec
ents, perhaps significan
most extensive since the 1
Hankow in 1938.
In one of these advanc
anese drove tenmiles
along the Peiping-ank
from Kioshan to Chumati
ing the Chinese-held gap
way to less than 40 miles.
anese forces driving south
the railroad from Chen
were reported at Yencher
Eight Axis
LONDON, May 7, Sun
The Soviet High Com
nounced last night th
naval-air units had sunk
Axis ships nearSevastol
Crimea, making a total o
days, and said Red Army
pulsed local counterattack
Two hundred Germans
southeast of Stanisawowi
between the upper Dni
and the Carpathian Mou:
a midnight bulletin tell
only land activity report
cow. Russian airmen al
a German field in that s
The German high con
Axis troops, besieged at
since mid-April, again ha
heavy Red Army infantr
attacks supported by art
broadcasts located the m
fighting as along the Cor
on the northeast side of;
Berlin also reportedc
Russian assaults east of1
Siret. River in Romania, b
was silent on these operat
land front lull entered the

sh Romanian
list Rail Cities
ted 38 Irish Also Hit
ess through
ary not to No Opposition,
Flak Greet Flyers
~h concerns
e European
ately 15,000 By the Associated Press
LONDON,May 6.-American Lib-
erators and Marauders cast 1,00-1
e adequate tons of explosives on the 100-mile
h a manner stretch of landing beaches nearest
Britain today, and a U.S. fleet of
ch firms in perhaps 750 Mediterranean bombers
those firms smashed five Romanian rail cities
tage in the handling German traffic for the
reconstruc- Russian front.
Carefully selected German anti-
Irish names invasion installations were hammered
n language between Calais and Dieppe on the
hes of Ger- French coast just across from Dover's
chalk cliffs on the 22nd straight day
reland was of the furious aerial offensive.
as the first Paris Radio Reports
new policy The Axis-controlled Paris radio
rancis Rus- aid many localities were attacked in
orancisrusd the area and heavy casualties oc-
e De t curred.
eDeRAF Bombers from Britain kept
;he Interde- the offensive rolling last night, raid-
which con- ing German-occupied territory. Spe-
cific targets were not announced im-
- mediately.
The Allied command sent nearly
500 Liberators and escorting Mus-
tang, Lightning and Thunderbolt
fighters against the Calais sector
without ,loss in the morning. The
yang attack was made despite bad weather
which in the past had halted such
ress In the evening American Maraud-
-The Chai- ers and other Allied bombers crossed,
concentrating on emplacements
ed tonight south of Calais between Boulogne
nk and ar- and Dieppe.
mile break- Paris Radio Falls Silent
within nine The Paris radio fell silent later at
night, indicating a possible RAF
of Loyang, night assault carrying the offensive
asion route into its 23rd straight day.
The attacked Nazi coastal installa-
d in their tions in the Pas-de-Calais 'area are
so secret that even now after more
g along the than 100 assaults on them they have
east, struck not been described'in detail. Return-
tured Lun- ing Liberator crewmen said each
ssed the Yi wave of American planes chose a
in sight of different target, bombing through an
in siof novercase. No German fighters were
g slowed in met; ground fire wassporadic and
Chinese. ineffective.
e acknowl- The avalanche of bombs on Ro-
on two oth- mania was the heaviest operation of
n Province the day. Roaring over targets still
as expand- smouldering from concentrated at-
now being tacks the day before, U.S. Flying
correspond- Fortresses and Liberators struck rail
tly, as the targets.
big drive on 'At the same time the Italian thea-
tre came more strongly into the wr
es the Jap- spotlight with reports to Allied head-
northward quarters that the Germans had car-
ow railway ried out a mass exodus of Italian
en, narrow- civilians from a strip 20 miles deep
of the rail- beyond the Fifth Army's mai front
.The Jap- in southern Italy.
ward along
ghsien last Bombings Seen as
ng. Invasion Beginning
AkLONDON, May 6-WP)-Ingessnt
hammering of Fortress Europe by Al-
e bombers already has begun an
8 invasion whose second phase wil be
opened by land operations, Britong
iday-(P)- were told today, while bomb-battered
mand an- Germans heard from Field Marshall
at Russian Erwin Rommel that the invasion
eight more "must be reckoned as imminent."
pol in the Rommel pictured German soldiery
d 19 in twoas "armed with new weapons" and
troops re- "ready for the utmost," and he as-
s in former serted in a German broadcast that
the Allies would "come up against a
were killed great many surprises."

inthe area Britain was informed by Air Un-
ester River der-Secretary Capt. Harold Balfour
ntains, said that the big Allied aerial offensive
ing of the now under way is in effect itself the
ed by Mos- beginning of the invasion.
so attacked
imand said-a Da To Be
Sevast pol
d beaten off H
y and tankne dl a
illery. Axis
ost violent University students, faculty mem-
aya sRiver bers, servicemen and townspeople
Sevastopol. will be asked to contribute to the
collapse of 24th annual Tag Day campaign when
the middle 400 students are placed on campus
but Moscow from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Friday to sell
Lions as the tags.
third week. as
Money collected from the drive will
be used to send some 240 boys be-
tween the ages of eight and 13 to the
row Fresh Air Camp located on Patterson

Ca rpus UJA Drive Will Begin Tomor


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