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April 30, 1944 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-04-30

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VOL. LIV No. 123 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, APRIL 30, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

MacArthur
Jurisdiction of

Denies

Political

Aspirations

Yost, 'GrandOldMan'of
Football Is 73 Today

WLB

Defended"

Chicago Strike Called 'Epidemic';
Davis Justifies Board's Action in Case
K.--

By the Associated Press
WASHINGTON, April 29.-Chair-
man William H. Davis of the War
Labor Board declared today the
Montgomery, Ward and Co. strike
at *Chicago had "epidemic potential-
ities" that fully justified WLB in as-
serting its jurisdiction in the case.
"We cannot expect to confine
strikes to non-war establishments
and keep war plants strikeless, any-
more than we would let a fire rage
unchecked in a non-war plant on the
theory it might not leap the fence
to the war plant next door," Davis
said.
Reds Kill Axis
Battalion Near
Stanis law ow
Berlin Expects New
Russian Assaults in
Carpathian Mountains
By the Associated Press
LONDON, April 30,. Sunday -
The Soviet High Command announc-
ed early today that the Red Army
had killed a battalion of 800 to 1,000
Axis troops in repulsing counterat-
tacks southeast of Stanislawow in
former Poland yesterday, and Berlin
said steadily arriving Russian rein-
forcements and increasing assaults
on that front indicated the immin-
ence of another big Red Army push
toward the Carpathian mountain
passes.
A Hungarian army commnunjue
told of vjolent Soviet attacks in the
area of Kolonyja, which is 30 miles
southeast of Stanislawow and the
same distance northeast of the Tatar
pass leading into Hungarian-held
Czechoslovakia.
The regular communique issued
earlier told of the sinking of four
more Axis ships, three of them trans-
ports trying to save the German-Ro-
manian garrison fro besieged Sev-
astopol in the Crimea. "No essential
changes" occurred on the land front,
that anouncement said.
The guns of the Black Sea fleet
sank three transports totalling more
than 11,000 tons, and a patrol launch,
the bulletin said, making a ,total
of 21 enemy vessels sunk in a week
of combined surface and air attacks.
An unspecified number of other
ships were damaged, said the broad-
cast-communique, recorded by, the
Soviet monitor, in engagements in
the area of Khersonnes lighthouse,
just west of Sevastopol, and at Kaz-
achya Bay to the South.
CHUMMY:
!Gerald Smith
Labels Dewey
'Willkie's Man'
By The Associated Press
DETROIT, April 29.-Gerald L. K
Smith, director of the America First
Party,, said tonight that Governor
Thomas E. Dewey of New York is
"Wilikie's man" and added that "true
nationalists' and America Firsters
cannot support Dewey - Roosevelt-
Willkie internationalism."
In a statement commenting on
Dewey'saThursday night speech,
Smith said:
"Dewey has endorsed Roosevelt's
program completely. He, merely
thinks he can do it better than
Roosevelt. No one can out-Roosevelt
Roosevelt."
Smith -added, "I would like to see
the America First Party nominate
Col. Robert McCormick for President
at our May 15 convention; then

authorize Col. McCormicl to with-
draw if the Republican Party in its
Chicago convention wrote a platform
and nominated a candidate satisfac-
tory to American nationalists."
In his statement today, Smith
recalled the defeat of Wendell Willkie

Davis wrote Senator Byrd (Dem.,
Va.), who seeks a Senate investiga-
tion of the government's seizure of
Ward's Chicago facilities, in reply to
Byrd's request for "full details as to
Ward Dispute
Grows Calmer
By The Associated Press
CHICAGO, April 29.- The first
note of calm agreement in four days
of turbulent controversy appeared
today in the Montgomery Ward and
Company dispute with the govern-
ment and a CIO union.
Soldiers who took control of the
Chicago properties Wednesday were
withdrawn. Government possession
under presidential seizure order re-
mained in effect but under a civilian
manager, Wayne C. Taylor, Under-
secretary of Commerce
The fundamental issue of whether
the CIO United Mail Order, Ware-
house and Retail Employes Union
retains representation rights for a
majority of employes was laid before
Samuel H. Jaffee, National Labor
Relations Board trial examiner, in a
hearing which quickly settled into
the routine of taking testimony on
disputed points.
the seizure and the legal authority
you relied upon for such action."
WLB ended its dealing in the case,
Davis reminded Byrd, when it turned
the roblem to President Roosevelt.
He added that he "assumed" Byrd
desired to know "the basis upon
which the Board originally took ju-
risdiction of the dispute, and the pro-
priety of the Board's orders on the
merits."
The basic test of WLB jurisdiction
as laid down by Congress is whether
a dispute is one which "may lead to
substantital interference with the
war effort," he said, and added, "that
test was fully met in this case."
Congressional resistance to extend-
ing the President's property seizure
powers developed today behind the
government's Montgomery Ward sei-
zure as the House Military Commit-
tee deferred action on two Senate-
approved bills dealing with war-time
requisition of private property.
Canada 'Ford
Strike Ended
WINDSOR, Ont., April 29.-(/P)-A
strike of 14,000 workers of the Ford
Motor Company of Canada ended to-
night in its ninth day with announced
re-recognition of the CIO Auto Work-
ers Union and reinstatement of pe-
nalized union stewards.
The end of the strike, which had
halted production at the big Cana-
dian Ford plant and interrupted the
work of associated war factories, was
announced both by Local 200 of the
UAW-CIO and the management.
Both the union and company an-
nouncements-the latter saying reg-
ular production would resume Mon-
day-came after a mass meeting of
6,000 employes at which the Labor
Board's terms were ratified.

MARGE HALL AND NATALIE MATTERN-recently named presidents
of the Women's War Council and-Judiciary Council, will preside at In-
stallation Night which will take place at 8 p.m. Tuesday in Rackhiam
Auditorium. -Photo by John Horak
DAYLIGHT RAID:
U.S. Warplanes Pour Bombs
On 'Invasion-Jittery Berlin'
By The Associated Press fighters.
LONDON, April 29.-Two thousand 88 Nazi Planes Destroyed
U.S. warplanes smashing through A U.S. communique tonight said
box-like stacks of hundreds of Ger- that 88 German planes were de-
man fighters in the greatest daylight stroyed in combat 72 by the guns of
battle of the war cast a 2,500-ton G the Flying Fortress and Liberator
torrent of exploding steel and incen- crews, and 16 by a powerful escort of
diaries on invasion-jittery Berlin American Thunderbolt, Lightnings
today at a cost of 63 bombers and 14 ' and Mustang fighters and RAFpMus-
_ -_--- tangs which also wrecked parked
Nazi aircraft and shot up 21 loco-
War f Nervmotives.
W ar ofIN erves Great fires were kindled in the
heart of the German capital which
Is Continued was bombed visually through holes
in a cloud cover. The communique
termed enemy fighter opposition "de-

By HANK MANTHO
Fielding H. Yost, Michigan's
"Grand"Old Man" of football, will
celebrate his 73rd birthday today,
and contrary to previous years when
he went to his home in Nashville,
Tenn. for the holiday, Coach Yost
will have to limit this festivity, as he
has been confined in University Hos-
pital since April 11 with a gall blad-
der attack.
Yost was born in Fairview, W.Va.,
April 30. 1871, and after a course at
Fairmont Normal School, he entered
Ohio Normal College, now Ohio Nor-
thern, in 1889. It was here that Yost
began his athletic career which was
to eventually instill his name in the
minds of sports lovers as a legend.
Played Baseball
He started by playing baseball, and
after three years at Ohio Northern,
Yost withdrew from school to enter
business for three years. He finally
enrolled at the University of West
Virginia, where he had his first taste
of football, playing outstanding ball
for three years.
He also distinguished himself with
other teams around that sector, com-
peting with some of the most famous
names in the history of the sport.
With this background, Yost natur-
ally turned his talents to coaching.
His first coaching job was at Ohio
Wesleyan, and after working as head
football coach with numerous other
colleges, he accepted a position to
lead the Wolverines' pigskin squad
in 1901. Yost remained at Michigan
for 40 years, coaching 25 years and
as a director 20 years.
The many feats of his point-a-
minute grid juggernauts that he per-
formed just past the turn of the cen-
tury are indelibly written in Maize
and Blue football annals and his first
five years at Michiganehave never
been equalled by anyone.
First Five Squads Shine'
Yost's first five squads were the
famous "Point- a- Minute" teams
which blazed their way to four West-
Roosev'elt May
Wait To Appoint
Knox Successor
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, April 29.- The
possibility that President Roosevelt
may wait until after the Democratic
and Republican conventions to name
a successor to Secretary of the Navy
Frank Knox figured increasingly to-
day in speculation about the cabinet
post.
Those whose thoughts ran that
,way suggested such a wait might be
desirable particularly if Mr. Roose-
velt contemplates contirluing the pat-
tern he set in 1940 when he named
Republicans as civilian heads of the
Army and Navy.
After the conventions, the question
of what qualified men were available
might be greatly clarified. Lt.-Com{n.
Harold E. Stassen, former Minnesota
governor, is, for instance, among
those running well to the fore in
speculation over a successor to Knox
and also is a potential Republican
presidential nominee.
In Congress, however, there was
considerable sentiment for advance-
ment of James V. Forrestall, 52-
year-old Undersecretary who became
acting head-of the Navy Department
upon Knox's death yesterday after
a heart attack.
Forrestal, a New Yorker and for-
mer investment banker, is a Demo-
crat who is liked and admired by
legislators of both parties.

FIELDING H. YOST!
ern Conference championships and
are still recognized as the greatest
football teams in the history of the
game. These five teams, from 1901
through 1905, played 54 games with-
out a defeat, winning 29 of these
See YOST, Page 7
Ormandy Will
Conduct 51st
May Festival
For the seventh consecutive year
the Philadelphia Orchestra under
the leadership of Eugene Ormandy
will return to Ann Arbor to perform
in all six concerts of the Fifty-First
Annual May Festival to be held
Thursday through Sunday in Hill
Auditorium.
Dr. Charles Sink, President of the
University Musical Society predicts
that in spite of transportation diffi-
culties caused by the war, Hill Audi-
torium will be packed to capacity for
the Festival.
In addition to such concert hall
favorites as Brahms' Symphony No.
1, Beethoven's Symphony No. 7 and
Tschaikowsky's Symphony No. 6.
such infrequently performed works
as Mahler's, "Das Lied von der Erde"
and Mendelssohn's "Elijah," will be
heard.
Salvatore Baccaloni, famous per-
former of the comic songs and roles
of Mozart and Rossini, for the second
consecutive year will be featured at
the opening concert, 8:30 p.m.,
Thursday. Highlighting Sunday af-
ternoon's all Brahms program will be
a performance of the Double Con-
certo in A minor for violin and cello.
with Nathan Milstein and Gregor
Piatigorsky playing the solo parts.
The Double Concerto is famous as
Brahms' last major orchestra work.
Songs by Lully, Mozart, Pergolesi,
Rossini and De Falla will be per-
formed by Bidu Sayao, the Brazilian
soprano of the Metropolitan Opera
Association, at Saturday evening's
concert. A rendition of the unusual
work of Hector Villa-Lobos, the
Bachianas Brasileiras No. 5, scored
for a soprano and five cellos, will also
be given.
Made up of Ann Arbor elementary
school children, the Youth Festival
Chorus, under the direction of Mar-
guerite Hood, an annual feature of
the Festival, will give a performance
of the "Song of the Two Americas,"
orchestrated by the famous modern
composer, Eric deLamarter, at Satur-
day afternoon's concert.

Requests
No Action
Be Taken
General Would Not
Accept Nomination
By The Associated Press
ADVANCED ALLIED HEADQUAR-
TERS, New Guinea, April 30, Sunday
-Gen. Douglas MacArthur, back
from an invasion which carried him
500 miles nearer his cherished goal
of returning to the Philippines, stated
unequivocally today he neither de-
sired nor would accept nomination
for President of the United States.
Noting "a widespread public opin-
ion that it is detrimental to our war
effort" for an active military leader
to be considered for the office, he
said, "I request that no action be
taken that would link my name in
any way with the nomination."
Will Not Accept
"I do not covet it nor would I
accept it," read his brief statement
concerning movements in the United
States to make him the Republican
presidential nominee.
It was his first unequivocal and
positive reply to individuals and
groups who long have been urging the
general to either come out into the
open or to be a silent but draftable
candidate.
The flat statement capped a series
of developments in which a Republi-
can Nebraska congressman had urged
the general to be a silent candidate
and MacArthur had expressed appre-
ciation of the interest manifested
but did not make clear whether he
would accept if drafted.
Detrimental to War Effort
"Since my return fron the Hollan-
dia operations, I have had brought
to my attention a widespread public
opinion that is detrimental to our
war effort to have an officer in high
position on active service at the front
considered for nomination - for the
office of President.
(The Hollandia operation referred
tol was the invasion and conquest
within less than a week of a Dutch
New Guinea sector which has three
vital airdromes, within bombing
range of the Philippines. American
warplanes now are using those
fids.
"I have on several occasions an-
nounced I was not a candidate for
the position. Nevertheless, in view
of these circumstances in order to
make my position unequivocal I re-
quest that no action be taken that
would link my name in any way with
the nomination.
"I do not covet it nor would I
accept it."
Jap Island Hit;
Bombers .Fire'
Supply Dumps
By The Associated Press
ADVANCED ALLIED HEADQUAR-
TERS, New Guinea, April 30, Sunday
-Allied heavy and medium bombers
ranged west of the newly-won Ameri-
can land holdings in the vicinity of
Hollandia, Dutch New Guinea, to hit
Japanese installations at Wadke Is-
land with 79 tons of explosives.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur'sscom-
munique today said the attack Friday
set flames and smoke rising from
fuel and supply dumps and destroyed
at least four enemy planes on the
ground.
The Japanese in retaliation sent

three bombers over Allied invasion
positions at Aitape, on the coast of
Hollandia, in a night raid which
damaged a troop supply ship and
woundedsa few men. One of the raid-
ers was shot down.
One bomber was lost from Solo-
mons-based units which hit the en-
emy bases at Truk and Woleai Island,
in the Carolines, Thursday and Fri-
day.
A headquarters spokesman said
that 77 more Japanese were killed at
Aitape Saturday, bringing the total
enemy casualties to date at this in-
vasion point to 181 dead.
Transport Plane
Crashes in Arizona
FLAGSTAFF, Ariz., April 29.-(A')--

Germany Looks for
Momentary Landings
LONDON, April 29.--VP)-The Al-
lied war of nerves today kept Ger-1
many tensely expectant of momen-
tary landings on the continent, and
Berlin itslef said "the invasion air-
force is now actually in the fight."
Thus. for all practical purposes,'
Berlin said, the invasion began a
week ago, when the Americans and
British hurled great numbers of re-
serve air crews and planes into the
bombing of the continent.
Perhaps illustrative of the shatter-
ed state of Europe's nerves-in neu-
tral countries as well as accupied and
Germany itself-was one rumor out
of Finland that the land assault was
already in progress.
The Helsinki newspaper Sanomat
said "landings probably are in prog-
ress at several places now." It did
not say where it obtained its infor-
mation, which many hours afterward
was without the slightest substan-
tiation.

termined" and declared "there were
many heavy air battles between our
aircraft and the enemy's."
The German-controlled Vichy ra-
dio in one of its most outspoken
broadcasts reported that "vast fires
broke out in Berlin." The Nazi-con-
trolled Oslo radio said "heavy dam-
age and fires" were spread in the
heart of the German capital.
'Greatest Mass Sky Battle'
The German fighter force, which
has been refusing combat during
American raids on France this week,
engaged in what returning fliers de-
scribed as the greatest mass sky
battles of the war.
Simultaneously another force of
up to 500 Flying Fortresses and Lib-
erators from Italy beat against the
southern rim of Hitler's imperilled
continental fortress, hurling a great
weight of explosives on the port and
submarine pens of Toulon, French
Mediterranean naval base, on the
15th straight day of pre-invasion
aerial assaults, in which 75,00 tons
of bombs have been showered on Axis
targets.

NETHERLANDS, MINISTER VISITS CAMPUS:
Dr. Bolkestein Says Dutch Spirit Remains Unbroken

By RAY DIXON
Although the Nazi invaders now
completely dominate the Dutch school
system, the spirit of the people is
unbroken and the children will for-
get German teachings within three
or four months after reoccupation of
the country, Dr. Gerrit Bolkestein,
Netherlands minister of education,1
said at a press conference here yes-
terday.
He emphasized that there is -an;
active underground movement in
Trla~nrl whieh is keening the n3eonle ;

still operating but all text books haveI
been revised by the Germans,ie said.
There are six universities in Holland,
and, with the exception of the Uni-
versity of Leyden, none have been
closed. But there has been a tre-
mendous drop in enrollment, he said,
and there are now only about ten
per cent of the pre-war number of
students attending universities. Most
of the students left school and were
sent to forced labor camps when thel
Nazis attempted to force them to
sign statements saying they would

pro-German teachers, he said. The
Nazis have controlled the education
program through periodic inspection
of Dutch schools.
The most fundamental change in
teaching methods which the in-
vaders have introduced; the Neth-
erlands minister continued, is the
increased teaching of the .German
language, even in elementary
schools. (He said, however, that
students, for once in their lives,
are complimented if they receive
low marks in the subject.)

learn six different languages before
the war, the minister said, but he ex-
pects that English will become sec-
ond in importance to their native
language after the Allied victory.
In fact, he said, "it is my hope that
English will replace French as the
international language. English -
with an American accent," he added.
Dr. Bolkestein is especially in-
terested in arranging a system of
exchange professorships between
the United States and the Nether-
lands after the war. He is also

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