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April 21, 1944 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-04-21

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4tit' oa

4 ~Aitl

Occasional Rain

VOL. LIV No. 115 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, APRIL 21, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Reds Repulse

Nazi Thrusts in Baltic Area

Heavy U.S.
Day Raid
Hits France
Italian Based Planes
Raid Bulgaria as RAF
Leaves for Germany
By The Associated Press
LONDON, April 21, Friday.-Am-
erican warplanes delivered the heav-
iest daylight blow ever made from
the air against an occupied country
yesterday with repeated attacks upon
northern France, and early today
RAF night bombers were reported
over Germany, keeping the assault
going around the clock.
The American attack was climaxed
by a surprise sunset raid on objec-
tives in France by "very strong forc-
es" of Fortresses and Liberators, pro-
bably numbering nearly 1,000.
Yanks Blast Bulgaria
It came at the waning of a long
day for the Axis, which had been
jarred in the early morning hours by
a heavy RAF raid from Italy on the
Bulgarian railway center of Plovdiv.
But even as.the Americans were re-
turning from the evening effort a
huge RAF fleet was heard winging
across the eastern coast and as late
as 3:30 a.m. (9:30 p.m. Eastern War
Time) German radios still were
broadcasting warnings that Allied
planes were over western and south-
western Germany.
The suppertime attackers, accom-
panied by between 500 and 750
Thunderbolt, Lightning and Mustang
fighters, dumped approximately 2,-
500 tons of explosives on their ob-
jectives. In addition Mustang fight-
er-bombers blasted Nazi targets deep
in northeastern France.
Assault Surprises Enemy
The assault undoubtedly was a
surprise for the enemy, being one of
the latest ever made by the Eighth
Air Force and certainly the heaviest
evening bombardment ever directed
at occupied France. It was estimated
that some of the bombs were plum-
meted to their targets as late as 7:30
p.m.
Cpl. Witkowski
Will .Receive
,avy Cross
"For extraordinary heroism"
shown in action during the U.S.
landing on Tarawa, marine Cpl.Hen-
ry J. Witkowski of the V-12 unit, will
receive the Navy Cross, in a ceremony
at 11 a.m. tomorrow at Ferry Field.
'Presentation of the Navy's highest
award will be made by Capt. Richard
Cassidy, commander of naval forces
on campus, following a parade of the
entire navy unit, which includes 1,500
bluejackets, marines and coast
guardsmen.
Signed by Admiral Chester W. Ni-
mitz, the letter which accompanies
the medal is headed "U.S. Pacific
Fleet, Flagship of the Commander in
Chief" and continues, "In the name
of the President of the United States,
the Commander in Chief of the Unit-
ed States Pacific Fleet takes pleasure
in presenting the Navy Cross to Cor-
poral Henry J. Witkowski, United
States Marine Corps."
The included citation reads:
"For extraordinary heroism during
action against enemy Japanese forces
in Tarawa, Gilbert Island, Nov. 20,
1943. Armed only with a makeshift
charge of dynamite, he braved heavy
enemy fire to assault a pillbox which
was preventing the landing of rein-
forcements. When the dynamite fail-
ed to explode, he again ran directly to
the firing port of the pillbox and

placed a charge which destroyed the
emplacements. His undaunted cour-
age and devotion to duty in the pre-
sence of great peril to his own life
were responsible for saving the lives
of men who might otherwise have
perished, and were in keeping with
the highest traditions of the United
EStates Naval Service."
In addition to twice carrying dyna-
mite bombs through rifle and ma-
chine gun fire, Cpl. Witkowski
See NAVY CROSS, Page 6
Padgett Sent to
Jackson Prison'
William H. Padgett, convicted of

Open Letter on Victory

Varieties

Dear President Ruthven:
As representatives of the student body, we feel that the recent
opposition to the second Victory Varieties show by the Butterfield
Theatres ignores the need of varied entertainment for the servicemen
and the student body on campus.
Student-sponsored entertainment has been greatly curtailed as a
result of the war, yet no substitute has previously been offered by
either the University or the students to provide week-end diversion
for the large number of servicemen now stationed on this campus.
It has long been felt by the students that only three forms of enter-
tainment are offered in Ann Arbor on week-ends; that of the movie
theatres, taverns, and dances at the Michigan League. Unless a
wider program of entertainment is offered the servicemen here, the
University has failed to meet its obligation to these men. The
servicemen on the campus, having but a limited time for recreation,
are entitled to as complete and varied an entertainment program
as it is possible to give them.. The Victory Varieties shows, as
orignally planned, would have answered this need.
Opposition to the shows centered around the policy of discouraging
student competition with established Ann Arbor businesses. This has
been construed as meaning competition with the local movie theatres.
However, on this basis, entertainment for the students, such as the
May Festival, the Oratorical Lecture series, the Choral Union con-
certs, and the annual dances should be outlawed as interfering with
the attendance at these functions points out the need of an even
wider program of entertainment. We feel that the Victory Varieties
shows would answer this need.
Therefore, we ask that you give us permission, as students, to
sponsor the Victory Varieties programs.
-Victory Varieties Student Committee
LETTER SENT BY STUDENT COMMITTEE--The Victory Varieties
Student Committee sent this letter to President Alexander G. Ruthven
explaining their stand on future presentation of Victory Variety pro-
grams for campus audiences. Copies were mailed to members of the
Board of Regents. The letter was sent after objections by Regent
Edmund C. Shields had forced cancellation of part of the show to be
given tomorrow night. The Regents are expected to take action on
the matter at their meeting today and formulate a general policy,
according to members of the committee.
Eddy Howard To Be Featured
In Variety Show Tomorrow

Schoolmasters
Annual Meeting
Enters 2nd Day
2,500 Educators Will
Attend; 17 Conferences
To Be Featured Today
Going into its second and biggest
day, the 58th annual meeting of the
Michigan Schoolmasters' Club will
feature 17 departmental conferences
and hear five outstanding lecturers
today.
Approximately 2,500 educators and
teachers from schools throughout the
state will be in Ann Arbor to attend
the meeting.
Changes in Program
Two changes have been made in
the program, according to Dean
Edward H. Kraus, president of the
club. The annual dinner has been
transferred from Ann Arbor High
School to the Union Ballroom at
6 p.m. And R. W. Cordier and
Prof. Dwight L. Dumond will speak
at the general session at 10:45 a.m.
tomorrow replacing Edgar B. Wes-
ley.
A business meeting of the club will
be held at 8:45 a.m. this morning in
the Rackham Auditorium. This will
be followed by a general session at
9:45 am. at which Dean Kraus will
speak on "World Responsibilities of
Education" and Robert C. Wallace
will talk on "Looking Ahead in Ed-
ucation."
Halifax To Speak
At 11 a.m., Viscount Halifax will
address the Honors Convocation in
Hill Auditorium. The University Wo-
men's Glee Club will sing at 7:30
pm. in Pattengill Auditorium of
Ann Arbor High School and the club
will hear Willys R. Peck, former
United States minister to Thailand,
speak on "The Wartime Cultural Ex-
change Program with China."
Departmental conferences will be
held during the day in the fields of
art, biology, business education, clas-
sics, education, English, geography,
guidance, mathematics, modern lan-
guage, music, physics-chemistry-as-
tronomy, physical education, library
science, social studies and speech.
Other Groups To Meet
Also scheduled to meet today is'
the annual Confeernce on Teacher
Supply and Demand and the Michi-
gan High School Forensic Associa-
tion.
Tomorrow Carl Joachim Hambro,
formerly president of the Norwegian
Parliament and the League of Na-
tions, will speak at 10:45 a.m. in
Rackham Auditorium.
Jap Forces in China
Near Chenghsien
CHUNGKING, April 20.-P)-Re-
inforced by several thousand men,
Japanese forces driving on the im-
portant North Honan railway junc-
tion of Chenghsien advanced today to
within 13 miles of the city from the
southeast, the Chinese command an-
nounced tonight.
The Japanese, seeking to clear the
Chinese-held portions of the north-
south Peiping-Hankow railway, gain-
ed ground toward Chenghsien from
the northwest as well,

613 TO BE HONORED:

Russians

Viscount Halifax To Speak
At Annual Convention Today

Viscount Halifax, British Ambas-
sador to the United States, will speak
at the 21st annual Honors Convoca-
tion at 11 a.m. today in Hill Auditor-
ium.
All University classes, with the ex-
ception of clinics, will be dismissed
at 10:45 a.m. to attend the Convo-
cation.
The Ambassador has been a repre-
sentative of the British government
most of his life, having served as a
Member of Parliament, Parliament-
ary Undersecretary for the Colonies,
president o fthe Bureau of Education,
Minister of Agriculture and Viceroy
of India.
He was Secretary of State for War
and Foreign Minister under Cham,
berlain before the war and he has
been Ambassador at Washington since
1940.
The Convocation is held every year
to honor outstanding scholastic
achievements of students at the Uni-
versity.mThis year 613 students will
be recognized including 122 seniors
who have at least a B average and
rank in the highest ten per cent of
the class; 58 juniors, 61 sophomores
and 97 freshmen who have at least
a half A and half B average; and 99
members of the Army Specialized
Training Program. Eighty - seven
graduate students who received fel-

.
.
.
I
1

-K-ill 5,000
n Poland
Soviets Bomb German
Troop Trains, Sink
Four Large Transports

Eddy Howard and his orchestra'
will be featured in a free Victory Var-
ieties concert and nationwide broad-
cast from the stage of Hill Auditor-
ium beginning at 8:15 tomorrow
night.
Sponsored by the Coca-Cola Com-
pany as part of their "Victory Par-
ade of Spotlight Bands," the show
will be broadcast from 9:30 to 9:55
p.m. and will pay special tribute to
the Army, Navy and Marine trainees
stationed on campus.
The first floor of the auditorium
will be reserved for men in uniform,
students with identification cards,
faculty members and guests until
8:10 p.m. The general puplic is wel-
come to attend the performance.
Howard is famous as the composer
of such popular hit tunes as, "Care-
less," My Last Goodbye," and "If I
Knew Then." He has been featured
Vocalist with the orchestras- of Dick
Peck To Be at
Center Today
Chinese Students May I
Meet with Speaker
Chinese students and others inter-
ested in China will have an oppor-
tunity to meet Willis R. Peck, special
assistant in the Office of Public In-
formation, who is to speak today at
the Schoolmasters' Club, from 10 to
10:30 a.m.. tomorrow at the Interna-
tional Center.
Dr. Gale, director of the Interna-
tional Center, said that the Chinese
students would be especially inter-
ested in meeting Peck, as he was born
in China and has had a great deal of
experience there.
His father was one of the early
medical missionaries in China.
After being graduated from the
University of California in 1905, Peck
returned to China for a short period
of teaching before entering the lan-
guage service of the Department of
State at Peiking. For many years
and under a succession of American
ministers to China he served as Chi-
nese language secretary.
Dr. Gale added that Peck is one of
the "'foremost authorities on the
language, both written and spoken,
of China."
Peck will also be the guest of the
Committee on Intercultural Rela-
tions at a luncheon to be held at
noon tomorrow in the Union.
Romanians Must
Fight or Withdraw

Jurgens and George Olsen, who is a
University alumnus and former drum
major of the Varsity Bandl
Howard left Jurgens to organize
his own orchestra and has become
well-known through his work in the-
atres, hotels and on the radio and
records.
Co-Op Delegates
Go to Antioch
Delegates from the Michigan In-
ter-Cooperative Council will leave to-
day for a conference of the Midwest
Federation of Campus Cooperatives
to be held during the weekend at An-
tioch College, Ohio.
Those members chosen to repre-
sent the ICC are Mat Chernotski, '46,
Dick Fandell, '47E, and 'Eleanor
Hunn, '45. As representatives of the
executive council of the Federation,
Michigan delegates will be in charge
of a panel discussion on "Starting a
Campus Cooperative." Further dis-
cussions will be held throughout Sat-
urday and Sunday.
The conference has been called to
help cooperatives throughout the
mid-west strengthen and develop
campus cooperatives. A study will be
mnade on questions of ownership, in-
corporation, capital investment, and
patronage.

Allies Bombard
Jap Airfields in
North Sumatra
KANDY, CEYLON, April 20.-(P)-
Allied bombers and fighters taking
off from powerfully-escorted carriers
somewhere in the Indian Ocean
blasted Japanese air fields, shipping
and other installations at Sabang
and Lhonga in northern Sumatra
early yesterday, destroying at least
22 enemy planes on the ground, Adm.
Lord Louis Mountbatten's southeast
Asia headquarters announced today.
A strong force of battleships, crui.
sers, destroyers and submarines
prowled about the Allied carriers
while their planes carrier out the
second attack on the Dutch East
Indies since they fell to the Japanese
in March, 1942. Allied naval 'planes
took a similar crack at Sabang in
December of '42.
Heavy bombs weighing up to 1,000
pounds were showered on the two
bases, leaving many fierce fires burn-
ing. Two Japanese merchant ships
of 4,000-5,000 tons received direct
hits in Sabang harbor and two de-
stroyer escort vessels were set afire
by strafing. The enemy appeared to
have been taken completely by sur-
prise, Mountbatten's communique
said, replying to the attack only with
anti-aircraft fire.
The Allied task force under British
Admiral Sir James Somerville suf-
fered no damage, and only one Allied
plane fell into the sea. Its pilot was
saved by a submarine which surfaced
under fire from Japanese shore bat-
teries.

By The Associated Press
LONDON, April 21, Friday.-Vic-
ious, large-scale German counter-
attacks on the long-quiet Baltic front
near Narva in Estonia, and in the
southeast corner of old Poland near
Stanislawow were beaten off by the
Red Army yesterday, with a total of
5,000 or more Germans killed and
many captured, Moscow announced
early today.
The Red Army force contributed to
resumption of bitter warfare in the
Baltic area by heavily bombing Ger-
man troop trains concentrated at
Rezekne and Gulbene in Latvia and
V____ UNT__ HALFAX a shale-oil plant at Kiwiili in Es-
tonia, the Soviet midnight communi-
lowships and scholarships will be que said, while in the far south Rus-
honored as well as 61 other honor sian bombers and torpedo planes
students and 68 students who have sank four large transports and a
received special awards. destroyer trying to escape from the
~--- -besieged Crimean port of Sevastopol.
of ArmedOthers Wrecked
H eadsfd Besides the transports sunk, nu-
merous others were wrecked or set
Forces Request afire. it was announced.
In attacking on the Baltic front,
which has been quiet for six weeks,
the Germans sought to wipe out a
Soviet bridgehead on the west bank
Knox, Stimson, Land of the Narova River southwest of
Narva, using massed infantry, tanks
Say Law Is Needed and self propelled guns after power-
To Staff War Plants ful artillery preparation.
The communique was silent on the
WASHINGTON, April 20. - land fighting for Sevastopol but dwelt
Waringthenaton hatit ace aon the havoc wrought at sea as the.
WGermans and Romanians struggled
manpower crisis which may imperil to flee from that death trap.
the mightiest military undertaking 2,000' Dead Left
in history, heads of the armed forces On the Baltic front no major de-
renewed their demand for r d velopments have been reported by
.nMoscow since early in March. Today
legislation tonight. Such a law is the Soviet communique said the Ger-
urgently needed to keep vital war mans assaulted with big tanks and
plants staffed with replacements for infantry Soviet positions on the west
workers gone to war, they empha- side of the Narova Rover, only to be
sized, beaten back, leaving more than 2,000
n ' dead on the field.
"False public interpretations of deadonhefield
what are only local victories on the
perimeter of the enemies' strong-ICanadian Ford
holds may indeed imperil victory
when we thrust at the foes' heart." Pt
In a joint statement Navy Secre- Plant Strkes
tary, War Secretary Stimson and
Maritime Chairman Emory S. Land Com any Terminates
declared 1,400,000 more men will be
taken by the armed forces this year Bargaining Agreement
-most of them "drawn from' vital
industries" which not only must find WINDSOR, Ont., April 20.-(P)--
replacements but in some cases will Operators at all plants of the Ford
have to step up production. Motor Company of Canada were at
"Someone must step up to the a standstill tonight after swift-mov-
bench, the lathe and desk of every ing developments which started when
war worker who leaves to fight for day-shift workers left their jobs at
his country," they said. 11 a.m. for a "half holiday" to discuss
Shortly before their statement came a, dispute with the company over
out the House Military Committee grievance procedure.
recommended that 4-F's who refuse A little more than an hour later,
to take essential war jobs be drafted t company notified oker i( Ie
for non-combat duty in the Army and that it was terminating the collective
Navy. bargaining agreement which has
The committee plan was aimed been in force since Jan. 15, 1942, and
directly at some 3,623,000 men now issued a statement saying the "gen-
classified 4-F--unfit for regular milIsuealst kasabreachof that o
itary duty.-eratr
tract.

Debate Finals Feature Hazel Park, Kalamazoo

"C

At a mass meeting this afternoon
the members of the union--Local 200
of the UAW-decided to continue the
walkout unless the company acceded
to demands for the reinstatement of
four suspended union stewards and
continuation of the union-company
contract.
Picket lines took up positions at the
company gates, but no one attempted
to enter, the afternoon shift remain-
ing off work.
State Delegates
Support Dewey
By The Associated Press
Gov. Thomas E. Dewey's conven-
tion suport for the Republican presi-
dential nomination was increased
yesterday to 209 delegates, 175 more
than his nearest opponent, when
Michigan Republicans in state con-
vention praised their native son and
put 41 more delegates into his claim-
ed column.
It will require 530 convention votes
to nominate a candidate.
The state convention did not bind
the delegates, but commended the

ARCHIE CARMICHAEL NORAL McNEELY
Hazel Park Hazel Park

Highlighting the Michigan High

WILLIAM SHUMAKER
Kalamazoo
since the preliminary debates, inI
which 96 high schools throughout

DONALD GRIFFITH
Kalamazoo

Kalamazoo will be represented by
William Shumaker and Donald Grif-

tension Service and the Forensic As-
sociation. Dr. Donald E. Hargis, For-

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