100%

Scanned image of the page. Keyboard directions: use + to zoom in, - to zoom out, arrow keys to pan inside the viewer.

Page Options

Download this Issue

Share

Something wrong?

Something wrong with this page? Report problem.

Rights / Permissions

This collection, digitized in collaboration with the Michigan Daily and the Board for Student Publications, contains materials that are protected by copyright law. Access to these materials is provided for non-profit educational and research purposes. If you use an item from this collection, it is your responsibility to consider the work's copyright status and obtain any required permission.

April 19, 1944 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-04-19

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

-diffidommob- -A

it 43gnU

*atj

Weather
Cloudy

VOL. LIV No. 123 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 19, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

i -

France Is
Urged To
Be Read
Advised To Store
Food for Invasion
By The Associated Press
LONDON, April 18.-The British
advised the French people by radio
today to store up as much food 'as
possible in preparation for the Allied
invasion from the west because "the
time is getting short," and the Ger-
mans told troops of the vaunted
"Atlantic Wall" to prepare for "zero
hour."
The worldwide guessing game on
the invasion date intensified sharply
in the wake of Britain's sudden ex-
tension of censorship to the tradi-
tionally immune diplomati pouches,
but the answer remained a priceless
military secret guarded by the Allied
command alone.''
Upon only one point did there ap-
pear to be agreement: that the un-
precedented British step quarantin-
ing the world's diplomats here meant
that as "D-day" itself approaches the
Allies will invoke every measure' pos-
sible to safeguard the lives and pre-
serve the element of surprise even at
the 'risk of bruising the feelings of
individual countries.
The action produced a quick crop
of German rumors that invasion is
imminent. The London Press hailed
the British move as one of common
sense, and it did no guessing on its
own.
In the latest of a stream of pre-
invasion broadcasts the French were
told by the British to store as much
food as- possible because "at least
until the day of liberation comes, you
must live on what is- stored." Even
after liberation the Allies will not be
in position to distribute much food,
the French were told.
The French listeners were advised
also to memorize the London broad-
cast details because the Germans, it
was said, may soon confiscate radio
sets.
The German radio was heard here
warning the German armies of the
west to be on its toes "in the weeks
to come," and to be prepared to fight
heroically against the expected Allied
attack.
Halifax To Receive
Historical Booklet
Viscount Halifax, who will ad-
dress the 21st annual Honors Con-
vocation at 11 a.m. Friday in Hill
Auditorium, will be presented with
a pamphlet on the history of the
Royal Americans, one of the most
famous regiments in the British
Army, Friday when he visits Ann
Arbor.
Published by the William L.
Clements Library, the pamphlet
tells the story of the British regi-
ment from the time it was found-
ed in 1775 up to the time it led the
drive through Rommel's line dur-
ing the North African offensive in
October, 1942.
At the Convocation, 613 honor
students will receive recognition.
All University classes, except clin-
ics, will be dismnussed at 10:45 a.n.
Friday to permit attendance at the
Convocation which will be open to
the public.
ICC Delegates+

To Attend Meet
Three delegates from the Inter-Co-
operative Council will attend a con-
ference of the Mid-west Federation
of Campus Cooperatives this week-
end at Antioch College, Ohio.
The delegates chosen by the ICC
are: Annette Epstein '47, Mat Cher-
notski '46, and Dick Fandell '47E.
These delegates will be in charge of a
panel discussion on "Starting a Cam-
pus Cooperative." The Michigan ICC
is the executive committee of the
Federation.
Besides the regular delegates, sev-
eral other members of the ICC are
planning on going to the convention.
The first assembly will be early Sat-
urday morning, and meetings will be
held intermittently throughout the
rest of the day and Sunday.
Tickets for Union
Formal Still on Sale
Ticket sales are continuing for the
TT4^ Crvrr L nma n p a s a e,

Balakiava, Gateway to Sevastopol,
Falls to Reds in Crimean Advance;
2,000 U.S. Bombers Smash Berlin

1
i
s
1
r
i

AWARD WINNERS--Five members of the debate squad who will re-
ceive Eleanor Clay Ford awards are: first row, Margaret Farmer, Doro-
thy Servis and Dorothy Murzek; second row, Joyce Siegan and Barbara
Levine. The $50 awards are given annually to members of the women's
debate squad in recognition of outstanding work in intercollegiate
debate. -Daily Photo by Katie Tripp
Schoolmasters' Club To Begin
Three-Day Meeting Tomorrow
Approximately 2,500 Teachers, Educators
From All Parts of State To Attend Session

A full three-day program is sched-
uled for the 58th annual meeting of
the Michigan Schoolmasters' Club
beginning tomorrow and continuing
through Saturday.
Approximately 2,500 teachers and
educators from all over the state will
come to Ann Arbor to take part in

Final Defendant
Is Arrested for
Sedition Trial
WASHINGTON, April 18.-(P)-
The missing defendant among 30 ac-
cused of conspiring with the Nazis to
dominate the United States was tak-
en into custody today, removing one
of the blocks that have bogged down
the trial for two days.
The 'Federal Bureau'of Investiga-
tion announced that Edward James
Smythe of New York City, identified
by the FBI as publisher of "Our
Common Cause" and a contributor to
"Publicity," edited by Elmer J. Gar-
ner, another defendant, had been ar-
rested at Au Sable Forks, in northern
New York about 40 miles from the
Canadian border.
The announcement did not come,
however, before Justice Edward C.
Eicher, after listening for more than
half a day to clashes between govern-
ment and defense counsel, between
lawyer and client, and among indivi-
dual defendants, recessed the case in
U.S. district court until tomorrow,
while federal agents hunted Smythe.
There were repercussions of two in-
cidents yesterday involving Miss Lois
de Lafayette Washburn of Chicago,
the only woman defendant gesides
Mrs. Elizabeth Dilling, also of Chi-
cago.
Knox Predicts
Kurile Invasion
WASHINGTON, April 18. - (P) -
American plans for closing in on
Tokyo, Secretary Knox said today,
call for invasion of the Kurile islands
which stretch in stepping-stone fash-
ion northward from the Japanese
homeland along the short route from
Alaska.
The Navy Secretary was discussing
at a press conference the current in-
creasingly heavy aerial bombard-
ments of enemy positions in the is-
land chain and was asked specifically
if invasion is planned.
"Sometime, sure, but nobody knows
when," he replied.
Knox went on to observe that
weather is an important factor in
military operations in the North Pa-
cific. Because of fog, he remarked,
it frequently is impossible to observe
results of bombing missions against
the Kuriles.

the activities of the Club, according
to Dean Edward H. Kraus, president.
Established in 1886, the object of
the Schoolmasters' Club is to bring
about closer relationships between
colleges and public schools of the
state.
Members may register in Room 4,
University Hall any time this week
and copies of the program may also
be obtained there.
One change in the program has
been made, according to Dean Kraus,
as Edgar B. Wesley of the University
of Minnesota and director of the
Joint Committee on American His-
tory in Schools and Colleges will not
be able to attend. He was originally
scheduled to speak at 10:45 a.m. Sat-
urday. R. W. Cordier, State Teachers
College, Clarion, Pa. and Prof.
Dwight L. Dumond of the history de-
partment will speak in his place. Cor-
dier will discuss the teaching of his-
tory from the standpoint of the ele-
mentary school and Professor Du-
mond from the standpoint of the col-
lege and university.
Education Conference Slated
Two education conferences will be
held in conjunction with the School-
masters' Club tomorrow. The 15th
annual conference on Teacher Edu-
cation will be held at 10 a.m. in the
auditorium of University High School
under the chairmanship of Dean J.
B. Edmonson of the School of Edu-
cation. John R. Emens, Director of
Teacher Personnel in Detroit schools,
Prof. Willard C. Olson, Director of
Research in Child Development, and
Cecil V. Millard, acting chairman of
the education department at Michi-
gan State College will speak.
Annual Conference To Meet
The 10th annual conference on
Problems in School and College Co-
operation will begin at 2 p.m. tonior-
row in Room 316 of the Union under
the sponsorship of the University Bu-
reau of Co-operation with Educa-
tional Institutions. Maj. W. J. My-
ers of the Selective Service Board in
Lansing, Victor F. Spathelf, Co-or-
dinator of War Activities at Wayne
University, and Dr. Eugene B. El-
liott, State Supervisor of Public In-
struction will discuss the general to-
pic, "Procedures in Meeting the
Needs of Men and Women Returning
from War Service." Dr. George E.
Carrothers, Director of the Bureau,
will be the chairman of the meeting.
At 4:15 p.m. tomorrow in the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre, the School of
Education will hold its annual Con-
vocation honoring students who are
planning to enter the teaching pro-
fession. Boyd H. Bode will address
the Convocation and Vice-President
Clarence Yoakum will preside. The
names of the recipients of the Hins-
daye Award and the Payne Award
will also be announced at the meet-
ing which is open to all interested
persons.
"World Responsibilities of Educa-
tion" will be the theme of the School-
masters' Club this year and Dean
Kraus will speak on this topic at the
Friday morning general session at
See SCHOOLMASTERS, Page 2

Bombs Hit Nazi
Aircraft Industries
At Cost of 25 Ships
By The Associated Press
LONDON, April 19, Wednesday.-
A force of probably 2,000 U.S. Flying
Fortresses, Liberators and Fighters
broke through comparatively weak
enemy fighter forces guarding Ber-
lin and its environs yesterday and
rained high explosives on targets vi-
tal to the Nazi aircraft industry.
Nineteen of the big American
bombers and six fighters were lost in
the attack. At least 34 German planes
were reported destroyed. Bomber
gunners shot down 10 Nazi planes
and the fighters three. At least 21
others were destroyed on the ground,
returning fighter-pilots said.
Pas-de-Calais Bombed
In adition to the forces which hit
Berlin and the capital's environs,
Thunderbolt-escorted Liberators
bombed the Pas de Calaisbarea and
Marauders, accompanied by Thun-
derbolts, blasted Charleroi, bringing
London Hospital Is
Hit by Nazi Bombs
LONDON, April 19, Wednesday
.-.P)--One of the largest hospitals
in London was blasted and set
ablaze by a direct bomb hit early
this morning as German raiders
attacked the British capital for the
third time in April's "dark of the
moon" period.
Nearly 2,000 patients were in the
building, and a number of them
were feared casualties.
the number of Allied aircraft in op-
eration from the British Isles to more
than 2,500. Three of the Marauders
were reported missing.
Indicating the Allied aerial assault
was continued into the night, the
'Berlin radio reported "nuisance
planes" were over northwestern Ger-
many and the Bordeaux radio left
the air, raising the possibility of a
night assault.
Weather Hinders Defense
One of the American heavy bomb-
er forces blasted the Heinkel bomber
production center at Oranienburg, 20
miles northwest of Berlin, while ano-
ther tackled an aircraft component
factory at Rathenow, 35 miles west of
Berlin.
Gasoine Coupon'
Sales Revealed
Policeman Suspended;
Four Citizens Arrested
DETROIT, April 18.-(M-A city
policeman was suspended today for
selling gasoline coupons and federal
agencies were disclosed to be in-
vestigating to determine whether the
sales were directed from the East.
Police Superintendent Louis L.
Berg announced that Patrolman Don
Moody, member of the Traffic Court
detail, had been suspended after ad-
mitting that he sold C-2 coupons.
Four private citizens were arrested,
Berg said.
Julian G. McIntosh, chief assistant
prosecutor, said one person told of
giving Patrolman Moody $14 for 55
coupons good for 220 gallons of gaso-
line.
Investigating officers said they be-
lieved the coupons came from an
eastern ring dealing in stolen and
counterfeit tickets. Taking part in
the inquiry were the Office of Price
Administration, Federal Bureau of
Investigation and the U.S. Secret
Service.
Perilontolo gists
rUtL? s 7 7 C. T T

By The Associated Press
CHICAGO, April 18.--Senator Ar-
thur Vandenberg, Michigan's coiner
of catch phrases, appeared to be the
leading candidate tonight for the
Republican National Convention key-
noter after party chieftains report-
Fierce Fighting
Rages Around
Imphal Plain
Allies Inflict Heavy
Casualties on Jap Army

By The Associated Press
KANDY, CEYLON, April 18.-Al-
lied infantry and tanks are locked in
heavy fighting against Japanese in-
vasion troops around the entire jun-
gle perimeter of the rich Imphal plain
in eastern India, with the Japanese
either being stopped cold or thrown
back at every point of contact, Ad-
miral Lord L ouis Mountbatten's
headquarters disclosed today.
Jungle Protection Gone
The Japanese, shorn of the protec-
tion of the jungles and hills through
which they infiltrated from western
Burma, were estimated to be suffer-
ing ten casualties to each one for
Mountbatten's troops as they tangled
with the powerful Allied defenses
around Imphal, the Manipur state
capital. Allied authorities consider
Imphal's fortifications impregnable.
Going over to the offensive north-
east of Imphal, Allied forces were
reported in today's communique to
be making "satisfactory progress.'"
Other counterattacking British and
Indians threw the Japanese from a
commanding position near the Bish-
enpur-Silchar jungle trail some 18-20
miles southwest of Imphal and were
reported staving off enemy efforts to
retake the point.
Hilltop Struggle Described
Indicative of the desperate fighting
outside Imphal, one of Mountbatten's
officers told of a struggle for a hill-
top overlooking the plain in which a
Japanese force of 120 men held out
for 18 days before British troops,
aided by planes and artillery, occu-
pied the position. Only one Japanese
survived. Forty-five Japanese bodies
were impaled on British wire after a
final suicide charge, he said.
VFW Sponsors
Benefit Movie
A special showing of the "Immortal
Sergeant" today and tomorrow at the
Whitney Theatre will be sponsored
by the local post of the Veterans of
Foreign Wars to raise $2,000 for the
rehabilitation of returning war vet-
erans.
Tickets for the performance are
being sold by the women's auxiliary
of the Graf O'Hara Post No. 423 and
at all of the local theatres, according
to Joseph W. Mundus, publicity chair-
man for the drive. All of the money
will be raised through proceeds from
the show, he said, and there will be
no soliciting for gifts in the local
campaign.
The drive is part of a national
VFW attempt to raise $1,500,000 dur-
ing the month of April.

I

edly discouraged a move to select
Rep. Clare Boothe Luce.
Mrs. Luce was kept in the running
by a one-man campaign conducted
by J. Kenneth Bradley, Connecticut
national committeeman. The trend
among members of the arrangements
committee who are expected to do the
picking tomorrow seemed, however,
to be running toward Vandenberg.
Delay Proposal Vetoed
A proposal to delay selection of the
keynoter until the Republican presi-
dential contest jells more was vetoed
by party leaders.
The Connecticut Congresswoman's
ability to make a crackling speech
has been impressed on committee
members but some of them were said
to feel her selection might be inter-
preted as a patent attempt to make~
the conventoin "a good show" instead
of a sober, serious nomination meet-
ing that National Chairman Harrison
E. Spangler has insisted is called for
in wartime.
In this vein, both Mrs. Ralph A.
Harris of Kansas and Mrs. John E.
Hillman of Colorado, members of the
committee, said they thought the
party ought to choose a man with
wide experience and impressive back-
ground for the keynoter.
Woman Keynoter Discussed
"I don't think the public is ready
for a woman as keynoter," Mrs. Hill-
man said.
The name of Eric Johnston, Presi-
dent of the U.S. Chamber of Com-
merce, will be formally laid before
the committee by Mrs. Paul Henry of
Washington, who said she thought
the west coast should have represen-
tation in the convention's official
lineup.
Variety Show
Will Feature
Eddie Howard
An hour and 40 minutes of musica
entertainment featuring Eddy How"-
ard and his orchestra will be pre-
sented at the second Victory Varieties
program Saturday from the stage of
Hill Auditorium.
The show will begin at 8:15 p.m..
the last 25 minutes of which will be
broadcast coast-to-coast over 17'
stations of the Blue Network as a
part of the Coca-Cola Company';
"Victory Parade of Spotlight Bands."
Open to the public without charge
the first floor of the Auditorium will
be reserved for servicemen, students
with identification cards, their guests
and faculty members until 8: 10 p.m
Howard's chief claim to fame i
through the popular songs he has
composed. Among these are, "A Mil-
lion Dreams Ago," "Now I Lay Me
Down To Dream," "Careless," "My
Last Goodbye" and "If I Knew
Then." His first job was with George
Olsen (a University alumnus and
drum major of the varsity band) and
later he sang with Dick Jurgens.
After doing commercial radio work,
he organized his own orchestra.
The Spotlight Band program is
heard six nights a week from mili-
tary training and war production
areas all over the country. Harrison
Jones, chairman of the board of
directors of the Coca-Cola Company,
and William J. Young, Jr., president
of the Detroit branch, are both grad-
uates of the University. Harold Kleis
of the local bottling company is spon-
soring the show.

SVandenbergProbable
Republican Keynoter

Soviet Troops Are
Within Five Miles
Of Strategic City
By The Associated Press
LONDON, April 19, Wednesday.-
Gen. Andrei I. Yeremenko's inde-
pendent coastal troops cracked Sev-
astopol's lower defense anchor yes-
terday by capturing historic Balak-
lava and plunged onward two miles,
where they seiezed a village only five
miles southeast of the prize Crimean
stronghold, Moscow announced last
night.
On a shrinking 25-mile semi-circle
around Sevastopol the Germans pin-
ned against the Black Sea were fight-
ing desperately, a midnight bulletin
said.
Airmen Pave Way
Yeremenko's tough marines were
astride two highways leading into
Sevastopol from the southeast, the
Balaklava-Sevastopol road and the
upper section of the main Yalta-
Sevastopol route. Soviet airmen
spearheaded the ground advance by
strafing and bombing every Axis con-
centration outside Sevastopol.
Striking two miles beyond Balak-
lava along the tramline the Russians
also took Kadykovka, only five miles
south of Sevastopol.
The other four villages seized in the
area were Kamary, 2 miles north-
east of Balakava and seven miles
southeast of Sevastopol; Kuchuk-
Muskomya, four miles southeast of
Balaklava; Batilimin, six miles south
of Balaklava on the coastal road; and
Alsu, nine miles southeast of Sevas-
topol.
Junction Is Close
The capture of Alsu, less than two
miles from Verkhny-Chorgun, seized
yesterday by Tolbukhin's forces, virt-
ually effected a junction of the two
armies, whose weight now will be
hurled against the last pocket of
German resistance.
Thousands of trapped German and
Romanian troops now have been
hurled into a 50-square-mile pocket
around Sevastopol, the bulletin dis-
closed.
The coastal stronghold of Balak-
lava was the scene of a bitter Brit-
ish-Russian fight Oct. 25, 1854, im-
mortalized in Tennyson's "Charge of
the Light Brigade." Its fall also pre-
ceded the capture of Sevastopol in
July, 1942, "after an eight-months
German-Romanian siege which cost
the Axis 300,00 casualties. The Ger-
man-Russian roles have been reversed
in the present siege.
1 64 Students
To Be Honored'
The School of Education will honor
164 students at its annual Convo-
cation at 4:15 p.m. tomorrow in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
The address will be delivered by
Boyd H. Bode, professor of educa-
tional philosophy at Ohio State Uni-
versity, and is entitled "Our Faith
in Education." President Alexander
Ruthven will preside at the Convo-
cation.
The students to be honored are
those who intend to enter the teach-
ing profession. The names of recipi-
ents of two special awards will also
be announced at the Convocation.
The Payne honorary award is grant-
ed to a person holding a master's de-
gree and the Hinsdale award to a
person holding a doctor's degree.
The Convocation is open to the
public.
Technic To Go on
Sale Tomorrow
The Michigan Technic will be on

the stands tomorrow before making
its final bow of the semester in May's
issue, Bob Milnor, editor of the Tech-
nic,.announced yesterday.
As a sequel to its story on air-
planes of the future this month's
magazine carries an article on "The
Practical Post-War Car" by E. C.
De Smet, executive engineer of
Willys-Overland.
John DeBoer will finish his career
as a Technic photographer with the
April issue, graduating as an aeron-

Humphrey Discusses Race Riots

Post-War Teamwork Urged

"Only co-ordinated teamwork
between management and labor
can beat the emergency which is
bound to come after the war and
provide full employment for all,"
Melvin Bishop said yesterday at a
meeting of Michigan Youth for
Democratic Action.
Mr. Bishop, regional director of
*1-m TTAW-CTO anumembr of the

duction plans to make, and not to
have government interference."
Discussing the question of politi-
cal activity on the part of unions
and organized management, Mr.
Bishop said that unions are taking
an interest in politicsbecausethey
must assure the election of repre-
sentatives who will call in expert
guidnire to heln run the countrv.

Will Convene fere
Limited to an enrollment of 24, the,
Fourth Annual Postgraduate Pro-
gram of the American Academy of
Peridontology will be held here April
24, 25 and 26.
Eleven authorities on diseases of
the gums will address the 24who areE
coming from all sections of the coun-
try to attend the conference, which
is sponsored by the W. K. Kellogg
Foundation Institute of Graduate
and Postgraduate Dentistry.

"We can no longer hide these
questions, but must bring them in-
to the open where they can be pro-
perly handled," Prof. Norman D.
Humphrey of Wayne University
said yesterday in a lecture on
"Race Riots" for the Inter-Racial
Association.
Co-author of the recent book,
"Race Riot" Prof. Humphrey stres-
sed as the cause for race riots the
frustration-aggression relation-
ship. Though he stated that the

economic democracy, we must eli-
minate the caste system.
Prof. Humphrey, who has work-
ed on the Ford assembly line, an-
nounced that the contribution of
the UAW-CIO toward better race
relations is outstanding. "Unions
are the proponents of democracy,"
he continued, "and they know that
race friction can wreck unions.
Union people are enlightened hu-
mans."
"We should be intolerant of ra-
cialste ntv e n iim n

Back to Top

© 2021 Regents of the University of Michigan