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April 12, 1944 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-04-12

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it K









Nazi Crimean Defense BreaksUnder 3-Sided Attack

Red Army Cap
Chongar Penin
Soviets Pass Fortificati
German Position Appe
By The Asso
MOSCOW, April 12, Wednesday
crumbled yesterday under a three-sid(
Russians returning to the historic so
1942, when Sevastopol finally fell.
An independent coastal army un
will go down in history as one of the
for the first time and captured Kerch
a communique said.
Yeremenko's Troops Cross Kerch Str
Yeremenko's troops had crossed t
take Kerch, and then swept on 19 mil

Dewey Leads
In Nebraska'
GOP Primary
MacArthur Is First in
Illinois Ballot; Wilkie
On Nebraska Ticket
By The Associated Press
Gov. Thomas E. Dewey again dis-
played popular strength in. the Mid-
west in yesterday's Nebraska Repub-
lican presidential preference primary,
with first returns from eight scat-
tered precincts giving him a write-
in vote lead of 503, against 294 for
Lieut. Commander Harold E. Stas-
sen, whose name was on the ballot.
Dewey, who got Nebraska's dele-
gation four years ago when he was
an avowed candidate, was not on the
OMAHA, April 11.-()-Returns
from 445 of 2,031 precincts in the
Nebraska Republcan preference
primary gave Lt. Comdr. Harold
Stassen 9,658 votes to 4,352 write-
in votes for Gevernor Thomas E.
Dewey of New York. Wendell Will-
kie, on the ballot despite his with-
drawal, got 1,251.
ballot yesterday. Last week in Wis-
consin he captured most of the dele-
gates and prompted Wendell L. Will-
kie to withdraw from the presidential
nomination race.
Willkie's name remained on Neb-
raska's ballot and in the same eight
precincts received 125 votes.
In Illinois, Gen. Douglas MacAr-
thur maintained a healthy lead in
early returns from the Republican
presidential preference primary.
Wilikie's Help
Asked by GOP
ALBANY, N.Y., April 11.-(P)-An
effort to induce Wendell L. Willkie to
back Governor Thomas E. Dewey for
the Republican nomination for Pres-
ident was disclosed today as New
York's 93-member delegation to the
party's national convention was com-
Make-up of the delegation was
rounded out with election of eight
delegates-at-large at a meeting of
the Republican State Committee,
which also unanimously adopted a
resolution lauding accomplishments
of the Dewey administration in his
15 months as governor.
Hour of Fun
Plans Include
Jam Session
A regular jam session is being
planned fr the Hour of Fun, to be
presented from d7:30 to 8:30 p.m. Fri-
day at Hill Auditorium, featuring the
music of Bill Sawyer and his orches-
Everyone is invited and there will
be no admission charge, Dick Cheno-
weth, who will act as master of cere-
monies, announced yesterday.
The Hour of Fun, which will follow


tures Kerhe;
sula Cleared
ons of May 1942;
ars To Be Untenable
ciated Press
.-German defenses in the Crimea
ed Red Army assault which found the
il from which they were driven July,
ider Gen. Andrei I. Yeremenko, who
Stalingrad stalwarts, went into action
on the eastern end of the peninsula,
he Kerch Strait from the Caucasus to
es and through 40 villages to pass the
ancient Turkish wall fortifications
where the Germans had been dug in
since May, 1942.
On the northern side of the penin-
sula Gen. Feodor I. Tolbukhin's
Fourth Ukrainian Army cleared the
Chongar Peninsula leading through
the Sivash Sea from the mainland,
seized Dzhankoi, the most important
communications center in the north-
ern Crimea, and 50 other localities.
With the Red Army pouring to-
ward the center of the Crimea along
a network of modern highways, the
German positions appeared to be un-
tenable for anything more than a
delaying action. _
Russians Seize Villages
Slashing at German Romanian
columns of Ovidiopol on the Dnestr
Estuary, the Russians seized one vill-
age after another, including Lieben-
tal ,only nine miles from the bottle-
neck where the enemy must take to
boats for an escape into lower Bes-
srabia, the daily Soviet communique
In Romania Marshal Ivan S. Ko-
nevs' Second Army rolled on 43 miles
west of half-encircled Iasi to seize
Pascani, a junction on the Cernauti-
Bucharest railway, 155 miles north-
east of the Ploesti oil wells.
CO. B Includes
Army Pre-Meds,
Reorganization of New
Personnel Announced;
Bridges To Be C.O. i
Company B has been completely
reorganized and is now composed of
145 men including pre-meds, pre-
dents, sanitary engineers and ROTC
men, Capt. William. H. Bridges, the
new commanding officer of the com-
pany, announced yesterday.
The company has 81 pre-meds, 29
pre-denits, 32 sanitary engineers and
three ROTC men, the latter being
former University students who are
awaiting the opening of the Infantry
The ROTC men are Pfc. Bob Mc-
Faddin, who played on the varsity
football team during his sophomore
year, Pfc. Ernest Leonardi, a former
track man, and Pfc. Dick Savage, who
was a pitcher on the baseball team
On Monday 71 of the pre-med and
pre-dent students in term four were
made privates first class. All of
these men were transferred here from
other campuses. The pre-meds and
pre-dents have 41 hours of class
work a week in addition to a heavy
study program.
New Officers Announced
Capt. Bridges was formerly the
commanding officer of Company E
which has'been inactivated. Sgt. Jo-
seph J. Helfrich, formerly the first
sergeant of Company H which was
stationed in Ypsilanti, has been
transferred here as first sergeant of

the new Company B. Company H
was also inactivated as was Company
B-4, the part of the olo Company B
which was composed of ASTPR men.
Pfc. George Krause, company clerk
of the old Company B, has the same;
job with the reorganized company.
Post-War Panel on
Religion To Be Held
Religion and its place in the post-+
war world will be the theme of a

To Ledo Maingkwan .
.-.-- Qimapur .., -
- , INDIA Kohma 1 ~A~hnwn.
I -e
1 . Thaungdut - - =
- Moniprkft "Kawlin -%
~ - -Tiddim
'Tyoo R.
4;. fChin Hils ls-Shwebo -
o ^so -BURMA
drives into India from Burma. Allies announced that the Japanese
had sent small parties west of Bishenpur, southwest of Imphal, in an
effort to sweep around Imphal's defenses. In the north, hard fighting
was in progress for Kohima, where the Japs' objective is the railway
running north through Dimapur to Ledo--a supply line for Allied
forces in northern Burma. -AP Wirephoto.



Jap Assault Repulsed in India;
Snipers Harass Allied. Route

By The Associated Press
NEW DELHI, April 11.-Hurled
back with sharp losses in their first
direct assault on the Allied base
of Kohima in Eastern India, Japan-
ese invasion forces have swung
around through the jungles north of
the town and already planted snipers
along the 35-mile supply highway be-
tween Kohima and the station of
Dimapur on' the American-operated
Bengal-Assam railway, it was report-
ed today.
Germans Broadcast Gains
(A - German broadcast of Tokyo
dispatches said the Japanese had
captured an "important" Allied base
six miles north of Kohima and had
several the "Allied withdrawal route."
The Kohima-Dimapur Highway, to
which the broadcast presumably re-
ferred, runs northwest from Kohima
-not north.)
Should they cut the road to Dima-'
pur, the Japanese would isolate the
British and Indian defenders or Ko-
hima except by air transport, as they
earlier isolated a similar garrison in
the main Allied base of Imphal, 60
miles to the south.
The presence of Japanese snipers
along that highway meant, too, that
the enemy had infiltrated within less
than 35 miles of the railroad that
supplies Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell's
Chinese and American forces in
Northern Burma with most of their
food and equipment.
Fighting Northeast of Imphal
The Japanese, hustling to consoli-
date their invasion gains before the
monsoon begins next month, main-
Music Festival
To Start May 4
Limited Supply of All
Tickets Still Available
A limited supply of season and
single tickets for the annual May
Festival which will begin Thursday,
May 4; and continue through Sunday,
May 7, are still available and may be
purchased at the box office of the
University Musical Society in the
Burton Memorial Tower. '
This year's Festival will be the 51st
in an unbroken series in which al-
most all the prominent figures in the
music world have appeared.
As in previous years six concerts
will be presented in the four day
period. Four soloists who are new to
Ann Arbor audiences, Bidu Sayao,
Brazilian soprano; John Brownlee,
Metropolitan baritone, and the two
piano team of Pierre Luboshutz and
Genia Nemenoff will perform.
Returning to Ann Arbor for the

tamed strong pressure against the
outer defenses of both Kohima and
Imphal. Fighting was reported eight
miles northeast of Imphal, while a
Japanese thrust near Palel, 25 miles'
southeast of tl. e big base, was said
to have been repulsed.
(Navy Secretary Knox expressed
confidence in Washington that the
attack on Imphal would fail, pointing
out that the invading forces were
comparatively small. "The British
ought to be able to beat it and no
doubt will," he declared.)
Leads Selected
ForArmy Play
'Rumor Has It'
Staff Sgt. Henry Schneidewind and
Pfc. Joe Sutton have been selected to
play the male leads in Co. D's musi-
cal, "Rumor Has It," which will be
given May 25 and 26 in the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre, Director Pfc.
Arty Fischer announced yesterday.
Sgt. Schneidewind will be cast in
the male romantic lead and Pfc. Sut-
ton will portray the part of a sailor.
Pfc. Francis Kowalewski will do a
specialty dance routine.
Included in the male swing quar-
tet will be Pfcs. Phil Brancucci, Paul
Brazda, Gordon Clark and Jerry Mc-
Soldiers who have been selected
for the men's dancing chorus are
First Sgt. Hickley Waguespack, Cpl.
William Brasko and Pfcs. Larry
Greenstein, Warren Jansen, Dave
Evans, Al Smith, Lou Scheinman,
Bill Dizer, John Hays, Howard Levy,
Lou Bell and Richard Robertson.
T-3 William Kline is the state
manager and Pfc. Jim Nutter, the
business manager. Pfc. Stanley Kren-
itz is handling publicity. Pfc. Wallace
Chateauvert, University graduate in
the class of '43, wi'll be in charge of
The music for the show is by Pfcs.
Dick Thomas and Bob Commanday
with songs by Pfc. Ken Pierson and
lyrics by Pfc. Jim Rhind.
Waste Paper
To Be Collected
Curbstone collections of wastepaper
and old rags will be made tomorrow
by representatives of the Washtenaw
County Salvage Committee according
to George H. Gabler, chairman.
All forms of wastepaper should be
bundled securely and placed on the
curb early in the morning, Gabler
said. It will be used as vitally needed

By The Associated Press
LONDON, April 12, Wednesday-
U.S. Air Forces ripped another
jagged hole in Germany's aircraft
industry and destroyed 126 Nazi
planes in the air yesterday at a cost
of 64nbombers and 16 escorting fight-
ers in the most savage aerial battle
Americans have fought since their
blow at Berlin March 6.
The great daylight attack, directed
at the plane factories in Oschersleben
442 Are Lost
In Invasion of
New Britain
Casualties Reach Total
Of 1,514 MacArthur
Says, Yanks in Control
By The Associated Press
Wednesday.-Gen. Douglas MacAr-
thur announced today that American
casualties in the campaign for New
Britain Island totalled 1,514 as
against previously estimated enemy
killed and wounded of 10,000.
This report followed General Mac-
Arthur's announcement that the Ja-
panese on New Britain, which was in-
vaded last Dec. 15, now are in full re-
treat toward their bomb-ravaged
fortress of Rabaul for a last stand.
Since Dec. 15, General MacArthur
said today, 442 Americans have been
killed, 1,062 wounded and 10 are
The Americans now control the
bulk of New Britain, having forced
the Japanese to abandon Gasmata
about midway alohg the south coast
and Cape Hoskins about midway
along the north shore.
The communique today reported
that destroyers had moved far up the
New Guinea coast past the Allied
ground front to shell the Hansa Bay
and Madang areas without drawing
enemy fire or opposition by sea or
Continuing to steadily slug at
weakening Rabaul, more than 200
South Pacific planes went after that
base Monday, Headquarters reported.
Free French
Name Leader
ALGIERS, April 11.- (IP) -The
Committee of, National Liberation
appointed Gen. Marie Emile Beth-
ouart chief of staff for national de-
fense today as the DeGaulle-Giraud
dispute over the leadership of the
French armed forces remained dead-
The committee simultaneously
named Gen. Joseph Koenig, a hero of
the Tunisian campaign, as military
delegate for invasion areas under the
committee's proposed civil and mili-
tary administration plans.

and Bernburg and at industrial tar-
gets in Rostock and Arnimswalde,
just east of Stettin, was made by a
fleet of nearly 2,000 bombers itnd
Continue Offensive at Dusk
Atdusk a huge armada of RAF
bombers soared west toward the con-
tinent in a continuation of the air
offensive which had been going non-
stop for the last 72 hours.
Observers on the east coast de-
scribed the force as the biggest sent
over that area in the last three weeks.
Besides the 126 Nazi planes knocked
out of the air in the daylight opera-
tion, American fighters who strafed
LONDON, April 12, Wednesday.
--OP)-RAF bombers attacked tar-,
gets in Germany last night after
two successive night assaults on
railway objectives in Occupied
France, the British announced to-
enemy airfields on their way home
destroyed at least 58 planes on the
ground, according to compilations of
their reports. This brought the total
of German planes destroyed to 184.
Germans Make Desperate Effort
The Germans sent up hundreds of
interceptors, both single and twin-
engined planes of every type, in a
desperate effort to ward off the blow.
Besides machine-gun and rocket fire,
the Americans were harassed by a
new "tank-busting" cannon.
Nine of the American bombers in
yesterday's raid, however, were
known to have made forced landings
in Sweden as the bitter aerial brawl
spread back and forth across the
Baltic Sea.
Yanks Hold Line
At Anzio; Allied
Push Expected
By The Associated Press
PLES, April 11.-In a -flare-up of
fighting on the Anzio beachhead, Am-
erican and British troops have thrown
back and inflicted casualties on sev-
eral strong German patrols attempt-
ing to infiltrate through Allied lines
between Carroceto and Littoria, it
was announced today.
(The Nazi controlled Vichy radio
said Tuesday that American rein-
forcements had landed\on the beach-
head near Rome and that "it seems
another Allied offensive in this sector
is imminent.")
The enemy's unusual patrol activity
--sometimes in platoon strength--in-
dicate nervousness over Allied plans.
Three miles south of Littoria Am-
erican troops ambushed a Nazi patrol,
killing three and capturing two oth-
ers, and four similar engagements
southeast of Carroceto saw the Ger-
mans slapped back with losses.

U. S. Air Forces Blast
Nazi AircraftFactories

170 Are
By Order
Only June Grads
Will Be Exempted
In a sweeping directive to local
draft boards yesterday, Selective
Service headquarters canceled almost
all deferments of University students
under 26 who are training for war-
useful occupations.
The new order will effect about
170 students on campus, according
to University officials. The only
exceptions to this order will be
undergraduates in certain engin-
eering and scientific courses who
will graduate before July 1 and
also students who are now study-
ing medicine, dentistry, veterinary
medicine, osteopathy and theology
or students whose preliminary
studies will enable them to enter
these schools by July 1.
Brig. Gen. LeRoy Pearson, State
Selective Service director, said that
the new orders from national head-
quarters allowed for no special con-
sideration for college and university
students between the ages of 18 and
25 and deferments may not be grant-
ed or continued without specific per-
mission from him in each case.
Previous plans had called for a
national roster, of 10,000 students in
universities all over the country who
were training for certain specialized
fields to be deferred, but the new
order cancels this plan. The Uni-
versity had requested deferment of
158 engineers, three physicists, three
geophysicists and seven chemists who
will not be graduated before July 1,
Dean Joseph A. Bursley said yester-
day, but now these deferments will
not be granted.
U. S. Selective Service Director
Lewis B. Hershey said in a tele-
gram to State Selective Service di-
rectors that temporary deferments
are recommended for seniors who
will graduate before July 1 and
are taking full-time courses'in the
following fields: aeronautical en-
gineering, agricultural sciences, au-
tomotive engineering, bacteriology,
chemical engineering, chemistry,
civil engineering electrical engin-
eering, forestry, geology, geophysics,
marine engineering, mathematics,
mechanical engineering, meterol-
ogy, mining and metallurgical en-
gineering including mineral tech-
nology, naval architecture, optom-
etry, petroleum engineering, phar-
macy, physics including astronomy,
radio engineering and sanitary en-
Brig. Gen. Pearson estimated that
approximately 30 days would be re-
quired to complete reclassification of
draft registrants under 26 years of
age and another 30 days before most
of the physicaly fit are in the Army
or Navy.
The engineering school has called a
meeting of the senior class at 4:15
p.m. Thursday to help clarify the
situation, according to Dean Ivan C.
* *
Coal Miners To
Get Deferments
WASHINGTON, April 11-(A')-Se-
lective Service announced tonight it
has approved draft deferment for
coal miners aged 22-25, inclusive,
with three years experience, in six
states and parts of two others.
Coal mining had been omitted

from a list of critical occupations,
issued earlier, in which state draft di-
rectors were authorized to grant
draft deferment for key men under
Selective Service Director Lewis B.
Hershey instructed, however, that
deferments for coal miners in the
22-25 age brackets should be for no
longer than 90 days after May L
"Prior to August 1," hewired state
directors, "the coal mining activity
will be reviewed with the Solid Fuels
Administrator and further activity
will be based upon the results of that
Secretary of Interior Ickes, as Solid
Fuels Administrators, had sought de-
ferment for at least the miners aged
22-25. He estimated that even with
deferment for these about 8,000.
vounger miners would h drafted and

Patricia Meikle To Play Lead
In 'She Stoops To Conquer'

. V

Charles Marlowe, portrayed by Pa-
tricia Meikle, will find himself in a
number of interesting situations
when the speech department's Play
Production presents "She Stoops To
Conquer" at 8:30 p.m. today at the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
One of the most popular eighteenth
century dramas, Goldsmith's "She
Stoops To Conquer" pictures the life
and problems of rural England. Play
Production's version will have all
male roles played by University coeds.
Blanche Holpar, who appeared in
"Comedy of Errors," "It's Up to You,"
and "Brief Music" will portray Mr.
Hardcastle. His wife will be played
by Eileen Blum, while Marilyn Mayer
will be Kate Hardcastle, the daugh-


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