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Far-Reaching Helped in War
Implications By Psychology
CE1R4 LE 1FRA N4.AS:
Prof. Koella Announces New
French Plays for Production
Decision Says Color
Cannot Stop Men from
Choosing Own Rulers$
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, April 3.-The Su-
preme Court today upset a decision of
nine years' standing and ruled that
Negroes have the right to vote in
Texas Democratic primary elections,
prompting Justice Roberts to protest
that the tribunal's opinions are get-
ting to be like a railroad ticket good
only for one day in one train.
The eight-to-one decision, stating
that "the great privilege of choosing
his rulers may not be denied a man
by the state because of his color," ov-
erturned the Court's unanimous opin-
ion in 1935 sustaining the exclusion
of Negroes from participation in a
Texas Democratic primary.
The decision has far-reaching im-
plications for the South, where suc-
cess in a primary usually is tanta-
mount to election, but whether it will
lead to any great increase immedate-
ly in the number of Negro voters is
considered doubtful. The decision
does not touch upon other barriers
existing in various parts of the South,
such as poll taxes, educational tests,
Negro Denied Vote
Specifically involved in today's
litigation was Lonnie E. Smith, a Ne-
gro who contended he was denied the
right to vote in a 1940 primary by
Houston, Tex., election judges. There
are an estimated 571,000 Negroes of
voting age in Texas.
Of the .present members of the
Court, only Chief Justice Stone and
Justice Roberts were on the bench at
the time of the earlier decision.
Lt. Highlen, USNR,
Leaves Local Unit
Lt. Clarence E. Highlen, USNR, has
recently been detached from the Navy'
V-12 Unit at the University to report
as Executive Officer of the Navy V-12
Unit, State Teachers College, Dickin-
Lt. Highlen served in the capacity
of assistant Executive Officer and
Battalion Officer while on duty at this
Gremlins Kept Away
From Combat Flyers
With Tests, Controls
Psychology is helping to keep mil-
itary flyers at maximum efficiency
in this war, Prof. Walter R. Miles of
the medical school at Yale University
Speaking before the Michigan
chapter of the Society of Sigma Xi,
Dr. Miles said "gremlins" are being
kept away from airmen through psy-
chological tests and controls. Psy-
chologists help flyers to add their
improved human performance'to the
mechanical perfection of the planes
themselves, he said.
The decompression chamber is
standard equipment used by psychol-
ogists and other experts to aid in
solving the many psycho-physiologi-
cal problems connected with adjust-
ing the human organism to flight,
especially at high altitudes, Dr. Miles
said. This apparatus can produce a
large range of simulated altitude ef-
fects which are studied and evaluat-
Among the problems being worked
upon is the psychology of vision. Dif-
ficulties of vision involved in landing
of planes and night flying are re-
ceiving much attention, Dr. Miles
Visitors See U'
Five members of a commission to
consider plans for the expansion of
the University of North Carolina med-
ical school and the establishment of
a new general hospital in Chapel Hill,
N.C., visited Ann Arbor today and
' They conferred with Dr. Harley
Haynes, director of University Hos-
pital, and Dean Albert C. Fursten-
berg of the medical school on gen-
eral policies of medical education and
Appointed by the governor of North
Carolina, the five men are: Dr. W. R.
Berryhill, dean of the University of
North Carolina's school of medicine;
W. D. Carmichael, comptroller of the
University of North Carolina; Dr.
Paul Whitaker, president of the state
medical society; Dr. Donnell Cobb
and Robert Deyton, state budget di-
RUSSIAN DRIVES POINT TO KEY AXIS CENTER-Black arrows
locate main Red Army advances with outline arrows indication possible
continuation of the drives toward important centers in German-held
territory. Front line dispatches to Moscow said: "The hour of libera-
tion is near for Odessa."
B-26 Marauders Lead Better
Life in Sardinia than Tunisia
Three one-act plays will be giveni
by the Cercle francais at 8:30 p.m.i
Tuesday, May 2, in the Lydia Men-'
delssohn Theatre, Prof. Charles E.
Koella, director of the plays and ad-
viser to the club, announced yester-
Two of the plays, he said, will be
played by students and faculty mem-
bers of the French department will
take the parts in the third play.
In "Le Cuvier" or the wash-tub,
which is a middle age farce by an
anonymous writer, he said, the mem-
bers of the cast will be Richard Kop-
pitch, Evangeline Shempp and Mad-
George Petrossian, Shirley Schwartz
and Celia Taylor are to take the parts
in "Rosalie," a modern one-act play
by Max Maurey.
The third play in the group, the
faculty play, will be "Le Client ser-
To Lead Choir
Soloists Are Featured
In Handels 'Creation'
Prof. Hardin Van Deursen, acting
conductor of the University Musical
Society and voice instructor in the
School of Music, will direct the per-
formance of Handel's famed ora-
torio, "Creation," to be presented at
7:30 p.m. tomorrow in the First
Three guest artists and the church
senior choir, composed of approxi-
mately 55 members, will sing this
great oratorio, written by Handel in.
Agatha Lewis, soprano, of Chicago,
Carlton Eldridge, the blind tenor
from Lansing and Beverley, Barks-
dale, bass, from Toledo, 0., guest
soloists, will be assisted by the church
choir under the direction of Prof.
Mary M. Stubbins, formerly on the
music school staff, will play the or-
gan accompanist for the oratorio.
The program is open to the public.
ieux," the serious client, by Georges
Courteline. Appearing in this cast
will be Edward Adams, William Mac-
Laughlin, Rene Talamon, Arthur Can-
field, Herbert Kenyon, Vincent Scan-
io, Philip Bursley, Richard Picard,
Marc Denkinger and Charles E. Ko-
ella, professors and instructors in the
Night at Lea gue
Members of the Central Committee
of Assembly Recognition Night pre-
sented skits yesterday at the various
dormitories to encourage all inde-
pendent women to attend the pro-
gram which is to be given at 8 p.m.
tomorrow at Lydia Mendelssohn
Awards, humorous skits, a speech
by Geraldine Elliott, author of the
"Hermit's Cave," and dessert are all
included in the 30 cents admission
charge. Tickets may be purchased
from representatives in every dormi-
tory and league house or at the
League from 1 to 5 today and to-
Themeight women, two from each
class, who were the most active in
war work last semester will receive
engraved scrolls. Three scholarship
awards will be given, one each to a
sophomore, junior and senior; three
honorable mentions for each class
will complete the awards.
Lt. Col. Lyman of
Marines Visits City
Lt. Col. E. L. Lyman, United States
Marine Corps, has been in Ann Ar-
bor on an official visit from Marine
While here, Lt. Col. Lyman held
general conferences with University
officials and officers in charge of the
Marine Detachment in connection
with the Marine Training Program.
BUY WAR BONDS
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By The Associated Press
SARDINIA-Here on Sardinia Am-
erican airmen have built themselves
the best overseas nests they've ever
This gang of B26 Marauder boys
still fly the same missions they were
flying when I saw them in Tunisia
six months ago. They're still fight-
ing the same war, still racking up the
same record for laying their eggs on
precision targets and still, for the
most part, bringing their ships home
safely despite flak holes, wrecked
controls and severed props. But be-
tween missions they live a better life
than in those days in Tunisia when
they literally wallowed in mud, their
tent areas were quagmires, their
clothes and bedding were soaked half
Here in Sardinia there isn't much
to do but at least they can live like
human beings. Many of them still
stick to tents but they're better
Charge Youths with
JACKSON, April 3 --('P)- State
and city police officers pondered to-
night what action, if any, might be
taken against a small group of high
school youths whom they charged
with organizing a "secret society"
with an immediate program of sub-
versive activities and a long range
objective of "seizing the government"
in 15 or 20 years.
To date their activities, the officers
said, had been confined to petty
thievery, the printing of anti-racial
pamphlets and the holding of meet-
ings in the public library and in the
attic of the home of their leader, a
Deadline for Petitions
Friday is the deadline for handing
in petitions for the 20 positions open
on the Women's War Council, ac-
cording to Marilyn Mayer, '44, Judi-
ciary Council president, interviewing
for those positions to be held April
10-14 and April 17-20.
Daily Tryout Staff Meets
There will be a meeting of the
members of The Daily editorial
tryout staff at 3 p.m. today in the
Student Publications Building.
'U' Debate Scheduled
With the entire 16-member squad
participating, University debate teams
will hold a tournament with Wayne
University tomorrow afternoon in
Two rounds of four debates each
are scheduled to begin at 3 and 4
p.m. The contests are non-decision,
and are open to the public, Dr. Ken-
neth G. Hance, debate coach, an-
The Avukah-Hillel study group
will hold its weekly meeting at 8:30
p.m. today in the Hillel Foundation
tents in improved locations and
they stay dry.
They have mats on the wooden
floor, little stoves, electric lights from
put-put motors, and plenty of warm,
Some have adobe or brick founda-
tions and side walls for their tents,
the only canvas being the roof. Others
have bulwarked the tents with adobe
wind and water breaks around the
And still others-both officers and
enlisted men-have built adobe hous-
es or had them built. They're econ-
omical and well worth the money.
Except for the foreman who is an
expert at laying bamboo roofs and
charges $1.20 a day, the Sardinians
building the house are paid a dollar
a day and that's 44 cents more than
they charged when the boys first
"It's inflation," grins Middleton,
Better not let Roosevelt hear about
"Inflation, my eye," says Lind-
ahl, "It's sweatshop labor; better
not let John L. Lewis hear about it
or he'll send somebody over here
to organize the Sardinian brick-
When it's all built, with mat-cov-
ered floor and a big fireplace, the
building will cost the foursome about
75 dollars and it will be the nearest
thing to a home they've had overseas.
To Give Good
In keeping with a tradition of the
past decade, Prof. Palmer Christian,
University organist, will present a
program of Good Friday music ap-
propriate to that day at 4:15 p.m.
Friday in Hill Auditorium.
This annual hour of Holy Week'
music affords opportunity to many,
especially those who may be unable
to attend services in the various
churches, to give attention to the sig-
nificance of Good Friday.
Prof. Christian will highlight the
organ recital with two Bach "Chorale
Preludes" from which come the fam-
iliar refrains "O Sacred Head Now
Wounded" and "When on the Cross
the Saviour Hung." Other selections
on the program include a "Toccata"
by Frescobaldi, the third act of Wag-
ner's "Parsifal," and numbers by
Karg-Elert, Malling, Bossi and Du-
To Give Recital
Sonatines by Ravel and Kabalew-
sky, also a Beethoven "Sonata" and
"Variations Serieuses, Op. 54" by
Mendelssohn will be presented by
Selma Smith, '44SM, on her recital
at 8:30 p.m. Thursday in the Lydia
Miss Smith, a member of Mu Phi
Epsilon, is at present a pupil of
Joseph Brinkman, having formerly
studied with Mary Fishburne and
Ava Comin Case.
She is giving the recital in partial
fulfillment of the requirements for
her B.M. degree.
Funeral Services To Be
Held for Warren Vaughn
A delicate leather compact-with
gold nailheads-or hand-painted
wooden compacts. To be exclusive,
get an Elgin compact of refined
gold with beautiful silver insets.
final touches will enhance
oks. A set of colorful cer-
welry will brighten up your
Maybe you havent seen a ruob-
in . . . but April's in the air.
FRESH AS A DAISY
You'll feel as if you've jiust
stepped out of a bandbox when
you pretty yourself with Mary
Dunhill's beauty aids. In a
sleek fitted case . .. at Calkins-
BALMY AS A BREEZE
Fluffy, feminine fragrances in
Mademoiselle Shop's new co-
lognes. Choose Hartnell's
"White Shoulders", or perhaps
Gaston de Paris' clear alcohol
cologne . . . a wartime rarity.
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One superb suit for Eas-
ter and after. Soft,
young, bright, fashion-
able day and night.
Ready now on our fash-
Sketched, Suit of Vic-
tory gabardine with
matching topper at
Sizes 9.17 10-20
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SWISH INTO SPRING
You're set for spring . . . even
in last year's suit . . . if you add
this year's accessories. From
Dillon's - blouses, dickies,
gloves, purses and clever titbits
for your lapel.
To preserve that permanent or
pin curl masterpiece . . . a
fisherman rainhat from The
Hat Box. Perky hats too for
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Dozens of other Suits and
Coats in Black, Blues, Browns,
Reds, and Beautiful Pastels.
From $29.95 to $59.95.
Funeral services for Dr. Warren T.
Vgn- 5,1. nea~s o- boerofDr.