100%

Scanned image of the page. Keyboard directions: use + to zoom in, - to zoom out, arrow keys to pan inside the viewer.

Page Options

Download this Issue

Share

Something wrong?

Something wrong with this page? Report problem.

Rights / Permissions

This collection, digitized in collaboration with the Michigan Daily and the Board for Student Publications, contains materials that are protected by copyright law. Access to these materials is provided for non-profit educational and research purposes. If you use an item from this collection, it is your responsibility to consider the work's copyright status and obtain any required permission.

April 02, 1944 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-04-02

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.


iriimi

4a4)i

Fresh Breezes

VOL. LIV No. 109 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, APRIL 2, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Germans
As Reds

Sustain

Heavy

Losses
Odessa;

Smash

Toward

Yank Bombs Fall in Switzerland

Damage Termed Bo Protect
Accidental; Bad P

Weather Blamed

4l

flied Palau Offensive

{
t
E

/
{
4
s
{
Et
E

GERMAN SURVIVORS are shown burying their dead "after an attack by Soviet forces," in this scene
from the new official Soviet film, "Ukraine in Flames." A Red Army man in the background supervises,
according to the accompanying caption.

Yanks Seize
Mt. Marrone
Fifth Army Makes
Gains Near Cassino
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, NA-
PLES, April .-Fifth Army troops
lashing out suddenly under thunder-
ing artillery support have punched
forward one mile and seized 5,500-
foot mt. Marrone 15 miles northeast
of Cassino, partially straightening
the Allied line above that battle-
deadlocked town, it was disclosed,
today
The, rugged terrain argues against
any major drive northward in that
sector, but straightening of the front
is of value and the operations are
engaging a German force. Mt. Mar-
rone, three miles west of Rocchetta,
dominates much of the Verrechia
Valley
Lull Broken
The lull along the Italian fronts
was broken by this surprise push
along the spiny Apennine backbone
running through the center of the
peninsula. The attack struck between
the Allied salients driven into the
Cassino area and the Alfedena re-
gion.
Besides assaulting Mt. Marrone,1
the troops, whose nationality was not
disclosed, also attacked the towns,
of Pizzone and San Michele two miles
to the northeast.
At latest reports, fighting was con-1
tinuing and occuIpying troops were
consolidating the ground won. r
Germans Thrown Back
New Zealanders in Cassino threw
back two German thrusts-one by
40 men attacking near the railway1
station-inflicting losses, and Allied
heavy guns hammered the wrecked
Benedictine monastery atop Mt. Cas-.
sino which the Nazis have made into
an underground fortress.
A sharp German attack on British
positions on the left flank of the
Anzio beachhead also was repulsed,
Allied headquarters said, and two
American destroyers pumped shells
into the Nazi positions Wednesday
and Thursday.
James Still in
Critical State
Blood Transfusions
Are Administereda
A. A. "Jimmy" James, associate
supervisor of physical education at
the University, remained in a serious
condition last night despite blood
transfusions administered to combat
severe injuries suffered in a three-car
crash Friday night, doctors at St.
Joseph's Mercy Hospital reported.
Returning from the national AAU
swimming meet in the Sports Build-
ing, police said, the vehicle in which
James was riding was struck at Pack-
ard and Stadium Blvd. by a truck
trailer driven 'by Allen D. Jeffery, 23
years old, of Highland Park. The car
was shunted into the path of another
automobile driven by George Muel-
lich, 36 years old, of Bowling Green,
0.
Mrs. James and Miss Elayne Miley
of 1606 Anderson Street were passen-
gers in the car driven by James. A
successful operation has been per-
formed on Mrs. James, who suffered
cAmnAnn fraetures of the left lee.

Smith Paces Sailors to
54-20 Win in AAUMeet

By HANK MANTHO

i

Winning three events, which earn-j
ed him a gold medalgiven each year
to the outstanding swimmer, sensa-
tional Bill Smith paced the highly
favored Great Lakes squad to an
overwhelming victory in the NAAU
swimming championships last night
at the Intramural Building pool,
amassing 54 points to Michigan's 20
runner-up markers.
This was the first time that such
a feat has been accomplished since
Johnny Weismuller pulled off this
trick in 1928. While winning these
Distribiution 0'of
Soldier Ballots
PosesProblem
Crowded Mail Bags
Complicate Situation
WASHINGTON, April 1.-()-The
armed forces set out today to solve
a new supply problem-how to get
ballots as well as bullets to those of
the more than 10,000,000 service folk
who want to vote.
President Roosevelt having permit-
ted the compromise service suffrage
bill to become law without his signa-
ture, Army and Navy experts were in
a series of huddles today to plan the
distribution of the ballots and ar-
range for getting the votes back to
the home states.
Because the Army has more men
and also because the roving life of a
sailor -may interfere somewhat with
his vote casting the Army likely will
have the biggest job.
It will be up to the Army postal
service to get the ballots overseas
and bring them back. This also in-
volves the transportation corps,
whose worry is mail shipping space.
The Army's mail sacks already are
crammed, further complicating the
situation. Secretary of War Stim-
son reports that during the last 60
days the Army delivered more than
46,000,000 pieces of mail in Italy
alone.f
Once the ballots are delivered to
the headquarters of the various war
zones, there is the -further' job of
distributing them individually to
men scattered through hundreds of
service lines, air bases and to men
actually up on the firing line.
It is expected that provisions will
be made for printing ballots in the
field to be used in the event that
forms from the states fail to arrive.

three titles, Smith broke his world
record in the 220-yard free style and
also broke the AAU record for the
440-yard free style.
Four Records Shattered
In all, there were one world, one
American and two AAU records
shattered as this two-day meet lived
up to all advance expectations, and
was in direct contrast to last year's
meet, when not a single record was
established.
In the highlighted match of the
whole meet, and the first event to
start the final evening of competi-
tion, Bill Smith won the 100-yard
free style race, followed by Walter
Ris and Jerry Kerschner. Great
Lakes completely dominated this
event, to score their highest total of
points in any one individual race.
Smith was going after his eighth
world mark ihi this event, but he did
not come near Alan Ford's world
record of :49.', as he churned the
water in :51.6. Lt. Bill Prew of Pan-
ama, who still holds the AAU mark
at :51 seconds flat, came in fourth.
See HAWAIIAN FLASH, Page 3
WilikieTo Talk
.At Kalamazoo
Flint, Detroit
DETROIT, April 1.-(I)-Wendell
L. Willkie, campaigning for the Re-
comes to Michigan next Saturday to
publican presidential nomination,
make three speeches in two days and
hold as many "open forum" meetings
with delegates to the Party's state
convention.
In these "forums" the delegates
are permitted to question the candi-
date concerning his stand on all is-
sues.
Persons aiding in Willkie's Michi-
gan campaign said he hopes in these
meetings to reach persons from 12 of
the state's 17 congresional districts
and to talk to 75 percent of the state
convention delegates who will assem-
ble at Detroit April 20 to name dele-
gates to the G.O.P. national conven-
tion.
At noon Saturday Willkie is to speak
at Flint; he will talk at Kalamazoo
Saturday night, and in Detroit Sun-
day night, April 9.
Details of the Willkie visit are in
the hands of the recently organized
Michigan Willkie Committee headed
by Alfred B. Connable, Jr., of Ann
Arbor, a member of the University of
Michigan Board of Regents.

By The Associated Press
LONDON, April 1.-American Lib-
erators bombed industrial and corn-
munications targets deep in south-!
west Germany today and some of,
their number accidentally dropped in- In c(
cendiaries on the border city of powerfu
Schaffhausen in neutral Switzerland, fortress
causing 36 to 50 deaths and heavy have wi
damage. air pow
A U.S. Army communique in re- and m
porting on the day's operations an- Truk i
nounced that some bombs had hit strake
Swiss territory, blaming navigational with gu
difficulties induced by bad weather. 71 Jap
Targets Not Listed S
It did not further identify the area destroy
in which the accidental bombard- dostrny
ment occurred nor list the German MacAn
targets of the fighter-escorted Libera- landia
tors. the sea
Thomas F. Hawkins, Associated which
Press correspondent, in a dispatch Philipp
from the Swiss city which is near Nuna
Lake Constance on the German fron- seaplan
tier, definitely declared that Schaff- gi (Gre
hausen was hit and said at least 36 damage
persons were killed and 150 injured. This w
A Swiss communique said 30 Ameri- proach
can planes participated in the acci- rier for
dental bombing of Schaffhausen. 17.
Thirteen bombers and four fighters Truk A
failed to return from the operations, The
which included strafing attacks on Truk is
enemy airfields by the escorting Am- to neu
erican fighters.
Latest Swiss broadcasts placed the Mi
death toll at 50, with others buried judSo
under the debris. Swiss reports also
said the bombing had caused consid- {e
erable damage in the city.
Navigation Difficulties Blamed
"Due to difficulties of navigation Re
in bad weather some bombs fell onI
Swiss territory by mistake." the U.S. STO(
Army communique said. UP)-Ru
The Liberators of the U.S. Eighth able qu
Air Force, perhaps 250 strong, were a willi
escorted by Thunderbolts and Mus-
tangs of the Eighth and Ninth Air tain th
Force, which shot down five enemy city of
fighters. The number of German the So
planes shot down by the bombers has to Dr
not yet been tabulated, the commun- t
ique said. The
Diving to strafe enemy airfields, fered b
the American fighter planes also vital re
destroyed a number of Nazi aircraft accoun
on the ground while other Thunder- have b
bolts attacked airfields in Bremen cabinet
and Hannover and shot up 16 loco- Paasi
motives and damaged tugs and WedneE
barges. to Rus
The targets of the bombers were and ex
not further specified. Finlan
The city of Schaffhausen is near early 2
Lake Constance on the German fron- treaty
tier, across which lies Friedrichafen, penden
a previous Allied target. Theii
ki t

Yanks Destroy 71 Jap Planes at Hollandia;
Destroyers Shell Kapingamarangi Islandsj
By The Associated Press stronghold, "the hottest target we've
oordinated blows to protect ever hit," said Brig. Gen. Truman H.
A sea forces striking at the Landon, Chief of the 7th AAF Bomb-
of Palau, American bombers er Command whose Liberators have
ped out two thirds of Japan's made three of the five raids.
er at Hollandia, New Guinea, Truk was bombed for the fifth
de five neutralizing raids on time within three days as island-
a three days while destroyers based American aircraft guarded the
d to within 400 miles of Truk attack route of powerful naval forces
the Kapingamarangi Islands slashing at the Palau Islands in the
infire. deepest penetration thus far of Ja-
Planes Destroyed pan's Pacific defenses.
ty-one Japanese planes were Night Fighters Sent Up,
Truk sent up night fighters for the;
ed in Friday's raid on the big first time Friday night (Thursday,
da base,General Douglas U.S. time), indicating concern for
Ihur announced today. Holf the safety of that Pacific bastion un-,
is on the southern flank of der the two-way pounding of big
k road to the Palau Islands, bombers from the Central and South
block the approaches to thePacific.
ines. A shakeup in the Japanese air
kitsu and Neru Islands in the commad was reotedJbp se So-
e base Of the Kapingamaran- command was reported by Tass, So-
enwich) Islands were heavily viet News Agency. Lt. Gen. Takeo
d by American naval guns.I Yasuda was removed as Inspector
General of Aviation immediately af-
vas the closest warship a- ter 198 Nipponese planes were de-
ce attacked the base Feb. 16- stroyed Wednesday at Truk and Hol-
landia, New Guinea. Approximately
'2000 Nipponese aircraft have been
ttack 'wiped out this year.
two way bombing attack on Japanese columns drove deeper in-
the beginning of a campaign to India, Allied communiques con-
tralize that Central Caroline ceded, but at a heavy cost of life.
- _______ - - I
ris. Peace Davis Issues
rms Altered, Wage Policy
port Claims In Brief Form
CKHOLM, April 2, Sunday.- WASHINGTON, April 1.- (P)-_
issia was understood in reli- Chairman William H. Davis ofthe
carters to day to have expressed War Labor Board unveiled today a
aters wd"bible of stabilization" which he de-
igness to allow Finland to re- scribed as his answer to the question
e Hangoe Peninsula and the whether the government has a wage
Viipuri in a modification of policy. '
viet armistice terms handed "I think," Davis said in a news
Juho K. Passikivi, of Finland. conference statement, "that one of
conditions for peace now of- the most frequent, and most errone-
ous, of current comments is that 'the
y Russia are "milder in many government ought to have a definite
spects," according to a reliable wage policy.' The fact is that the
t from Helsinki and already government has a definite wage pol-
een considered by the Finnish icy. It ought to be definitely under-
in a secret session last night. stood."
ikivi went to Moscow by plane The WLB chairman said one of the
sday accompanied by Minister common misconceptions is that the
sia Carl J. A. Enckell an old Little Steel Formula is the govern-
perienced diplomat who was ment wage policy, when the fact is
d's foreign minister in the that the formula is only a single part
0's and signed with Lenin the of the policy. That was his reply to a
recognizing Finland's inde- question about the railroad wage case
in which the stabilization director
ce. first rejected an 8-cent wage increase
r return was awaited in Hel- but eventually approved increases of
onight for the start of a series 9, 10 and 11 cents.,
ful deliberations among gov- The confused reaction to that, he
it leaders over the week-end, said, was "another reflection that
session of Parliament called for the people think the Little Steel For-
y was of such urgency that it mula is the only way to increase
vanced a day from the usual wages."
y meeting time. The Davis "bible" collects the con-
orship from Finland was tight, trolling provisions of the stabiliza-
e Swedish newspaper Dagens tion act and executive orders into a
r said the situation in Hel- relatively brief code, with a con-
esembled the period in 1940 densed statement of how these rules
the Finns were settling peace work out. The broad general princi-
with Russia to end their pre- ples governing wage adjustments are
truggle. set forth under four points.

Russian Advance
Continues Along
175-Mile Front
By The Associated Press
LONDON, April 2, Sunday.-The
Red Army smashed to within 24 miles
of Odessa yesterday, racing through
nearly 200 villages on a 175-mile
front above that imperilled naval
base and inflicting "tremendous loss-
es" on Axis troops retreating toward
the Black Sea, Moscow announced
today.
Rumanian Battalions Desert Nazis
In one sector an entire Rumanian
battalion deserted the Germans and
"came over to the Red Army," Mos-
cow said, and large groups of Ru-
manians also were surrendering in
other areas as powerful Soviet forces
steadily herded the enemy into the
Odessa bottleneck, and moved swift-
ly in the west to cut off the last rail
escape routes into Rumania.
In the northwest the Russians
fought their way into Khotin, cap-
turing the last German escape route
out of the Kamenets-Podolsk pocket
just above the middle Dniester River
in the southwestern corner of the
Ukraine. A total of 3,300 Germans
were killed or surrendered in that
area during the day, the communique
said.
Koblevo Falls
Koblevo, 25 miles east of Odessa,
fell to Russian forces striking along
the Black Sea coast from 'Ochakov,
fortress city captured Friday. 'That
represented a 14-mile gain.
On the northeast the Russians were
declared to have seized Tashino and
Blumenfeld, 28 miles from Odessa,
and on the north the hard-hitting
Red Army tank crews rolled through
Serbka, a rail station 28 miles from
the Black Sea port.
Upwards of 200,000 enemy troops
were threatened with disaster in lower
Russia, dispatches said.
Reds Near Black Sea
Swarms of motorized Russian in-
fantrymen, tanks and Stormovik
fighters attacking on the eastern and
northern side of Odessa were within
38 and 50 miles of the Black Sea,
respectively, ripping at long columns
of German and Rumanian troops re-
treating in conusion and possible
entrapment because of the southward
flow of Russian troops through Bes-
sarabia in the west.
The Russians hitting on the east-
ern side of the arc captured more
than 100 localities, said the daily
bulletin, recorded by the Soviet mon-
itor. On the northwest they took
Troitskaya, 80 miles from Odessa and
63 miles northeast of Tiraspol,
through which runs the last German
escape routes into Rumania.
Co. A's Choir
To Be Featured
GI Choristers To Sing
Today at High School
Co. A's Soldier Choir will be the
featured artists at a concert with the
Ann Arbor Civic Orchestra at 4:15
p.m. today in the Ann Arbor High
School auditorium.
"Land-Sighting" by Grieg will be
the featured number of the program.
This selection, the only one in which
both the choir and the orchestra will
participate, is written for orchestra,
male chorus and baritone solo.
Cpl. Robert Miller, who will appear
as soloist, has had professional sing-
ing experience on the radio as well
as on Broadway and three seasons of
summer stock in New England.
Cpl. Joseph Running, director of
the choir, will be the guest conductor
of the number. Cpl. Running was

formerly assistant director of the
St. Olaf Lutheran Choir and a mem-
ber of the faculties of Stanford Uni-
versity and of San Jose State College.
Geraldine Seeback will present a
piano solo of "Concertino in C" by
Mozart. The orchestra will play:
"Overture, the Beautiful .Galathea"
by Suppe, "Bridal Song" for "Rural
Wedding" by Goldmark, "Aragon-
aise" by Massene, "Jesu Joy of Man's
Desiring" by Bach, Strauss' "Tales
from the Vienna Woods" and "Ballet

.
f
.
I' i
' '
1
1

lied Cross Totals
Reach New Hih

s
to
e
I
i
T
Ic

County
Nation'

Among First in
To Exceed Goal

of fate
ernmen
The,
Monda
was ad
Tuesda
Cens
but th
Nyhete
sinki r
when
terms
vious s

Britain Faces Mounting Number
Of Strikes in Vital War Industries

As reports continued to come in
,to county Red Cross headquarters,t
subscriptions yesterday reached at
total of $114,544.41, almost 25 per
cent more than Washtenaw's quota
of $92,500.
Of this latest total, $70,976.44 was
contributed by residents of Ann Ar-
bor whose quota was set at $61,500.
University offices and faculty mem-
bers have given $3,527.85, University}
women, $3,802.87, and University
men, with Army and Navy trainees
$1,427.43. Full returns from Army'
and Navy units had not been received
yesterday.
Wastenaw County was among the
first counties in the country to ex-
ceed the Red Cross quota, Charles R.'
Henderson, chairman of the American
Red Cross War Fund for Washtenaw
County, said yesterday. He added
that Washtenaw County was the 15th
community to reach its War Fund
goal in ' the state, according to in-'
formation received from national Red'
Cross headquarters.-
"Any success that may have been
aonmnlished in nutting the cam-

Dormitory Pranksters Run Riot as
Coeds Observe April Fool's Day

LONDON, April 1.-(IP)-Britain is
heading for invasion day faced with
a mounting handicap of strikes in
vital industry which, made March
probably the worst month of the war
in the number of men idle and work-
ing days lost. The time has been lost
despite efforts of the labor unions to
keep the men at work.
Three major strikes alone-two of
which are continuing-involved at
least 235.000 men in coal fields and

weeks, a dispute over rates for special
classes of work touched off a strike
which spread through the whole of
the South Wales and Monmouthshire
fields.
This closed virtually every main
colliery and involved 125,000 miners
in Britain's worst walkout since the
1926 general strike. The men re-
turned to the pits under a tentative
settlement, but almost immediately
trouble broke out in South Yorkshire

Bedlam reigned in women's resi-
dence halls yesterday as coeds ob-
served April Fool's day with all the
time-honored tricks from greasing
doorknobs to barricading corridors.
A group of would-be saboteurs
on the fifth floor of Jordan piled
furniture on beds, 'emptied dresser
drawers in the middle of floors and
plastered doorknobs with shoe pol-
ish of the gooey variety. Elevator
service was almost at a stop when
push buttons were covered with
grease.
Forks Lacking
Jordanites even found it hard to
enjoy the steak dinners because
stubborn waitresses refused to sup-

After crawling under a ladder plac-
ed in the doorway of the dining
room, diners were entertained by a
skit featuring Nazi Bund leaders
wearing riding habits and swastika
armbands.
Strike Threatened
Newberry waitresses, h av ing
served dessert first, threatened a
sitdown strike until hungry coeds
decided things had gone far
enough and demanded the rest of
their dinner. A severe paper short-
age was blamed by some for the
community napkins which were
provided at each table. The meal
was interrupted several times by
group singing of "The Star Span-
a-1ed B~anner'' and the "Maizea nd

Back to Top

© 2021 Regents of the University of Michigan