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March 29, 1944 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-03-29

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R

Y

41t

aitii

W eather
Cloudy and :now

VOL. LIV No. 105 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 29, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Democrats

Win

Red Army

Topples Black Sea Port;

Oklahoma Test
Roosevelt Supporter Gets House Seat
By 3,727 Margin in Special Election
By The Associated Press
Voters in Oklahoma's Second Congressional District, told by Democratic
and Republican leaders that the sole issue was the record of the Roosevelt
administration, returned a Democrat to a House vacancy in a special
election today.
Attorney William G. Stigler, the Democrat, stepped into an early lead
and kept well ahead of his Republican opponent and fellow townsman, E. O.

Clark, as the returns rolled in from'
the traditionally Democratic district.
3,727 Vote Margin
With the count virtually complete,
Stigler held better than a 3,727-vote
margin and the vote in the remain-
ing scattered precincts was not ex-
pected to change the picure mater-
ially.
In 1942, when Clark also was the
Republican candidate, the Democrats
edged out a victory by only 385
votes.
But triumph gave the Democrats
217 seats in the House against 210
for the Republicans, and notched
up their third victory in 11 special
congressional elections since 1942.
In winning the three, the Demo-
crats retained two Democratic seats,
including the Oklahoma vacancy, and
wrested one from the Republicans.
The Republicans picked up three
Democratic seats and kept five of
their own.
Stigler and Clark, both attorneys.
and neighbors, were seeking the
House seat left vacant by the resig-
nation of Jack Nichols, Democrat.
Republicans have not won the district
for 24 years.
ALP Fight
Empire Staters elected 85 Republi-
can and 86 Democratic district dele-
gates to the Chicago National Con-
ventions in primaries regarded as
routine except for an intra-party
fight in American Labor Paty ranks.
The right wing leadership of the
American Labor Party, which had
claimed President Roosevelt's chanc-
es of carrying New York as a presi-
dential candidate would be endanger-
ed by the defeat of its slate for state
comittee, conceded tonight the rival
left wing faction had won today's
primary election.
GOP Trend' Halted,
Hannegan Claims
WASHINGTON, March 28.-()-
Robert E. Hannegan, Democratic
National Chairman, said tonight the
Democratic victory. in Oklahoma's
second congressional district "ex-
ploded completely and decisively the
myth of a nationwide Republican
trend,"
The election of the Democratic
candidate for the House, Hannegan
said, was an endorsement by Okla-
homa voters of the Administration's
conduct of the war and an "expres-
sion of confidence by them in the
capacity for leadership provided by
the Democratic party."
Tokyo Claims
Routing of Allies
Airborne Burma Force
Is Being 'Mopped Up'
By The Associated Press
Tokyo claims its troops are wiping
out a large American-British air-
borne force in north central Burma.
Tokyo Radio asserted Japanese
were "mopping up" remnants of
three American and British brigades,
landed early in March by gliders and
transports near Katha in north cen-
tral Burma, 150 miles behind Japan-
ese lines. Like other airborne Allied
units in north Burma, they were be-
ing supplied by planes. Katha is on
a spur of the railroad from Manda-
lay, supply line for the enemy base at
Myitkyina.
In the Southwest Pacific, Allied
bombers distributed 300 tons of
bombs over the defenses of Rabaul,
New Britain; Kavieng, New Ireland;
Bougainville in the Solomons, and
Wewak and Hansa Bay, New Guinea.
An enemy cargo ship was bombed
and left in flames off Kaimana on
southwestern Dutch New Guinea,
where Japanese vessels are seldom
seen.

Willke Calls Dewey
Principal Opponent
LA CROSSE, Wis., March 28.-('P)
-Wendell L. Willkie for the first
time. today plainly labelled Gov.

_

SAY WHEN-It was meant only
as a leap year "gag" when Lorna
Gleave (above), posed for a Salt
Lake City Desert News photo with
cards patterned after servicemen's
election ballots and lettered "Will
you marry me?" But the Associat-
ed Press distributed the photo from
coast to coast and now Lorna is
getting proposals from soldiers and
sailors all over the country.
Leacock, Note
Canadian Wit,
Economist, Dies
TORONTO, March 28.-(IP)-Ste-
phen B. Leacock, Canadian econo-
mist and humorist, died in the Tor-
onto General Hospital tonight after
an illness of several weeks.
He was 74 years old.
A large man with unruly hair, Lea-
cock wrote dozens of books, essays
and articles ranging from economic
material to biography and history.
He was long on the staff of McGill
University, retiring under age limit
provisions in August, 1936. He was
born in Swanmoor, England, Dec. 30,
1869, and moved with his family to
Ontario at the age of six.
At his supperannuation in 1936 he
was tendered a banquet at which he
gave his last lecture to his students.
He entitled it "Paradise Lost." The
Paradise Lost was not Milton's he
said, "but yours and mine and that of
all who find their time at college has
run out."
Pastor Supports
Rome Bombings
The Reverend Father Demetrius
Cassius, pastor of the St. Nicholas
Greek Orthodox Church here, sent a
telegram to President Roosevelt yes-
terday defending the bombing of
Rome by Allied flyers and urging
that it be made the "graveyard of
our enemies."
"We read in the press," his tele-
gram stated, "that bishops, archbi-
shops and cardinals of the Roman
Catholic Church have made pleas
and protests against bombing Rome
although they admit that our com-
mon enemies have made Rome the
nest of destruction and death of our
beloved children."a

Ploesti
Germans Take
Precautions,
Send Additional
Troops to Area
By The Associated Press
LONDON, March 28.-A state of
siege has been proclaimed in the Plo-
esti oil field area of Rumania, the So-
viet news agency Tass said tonight,
and with terror heightening through-
out the Balkans at the steady ad-
vance of the Red Army, Rumanian
police were ordered to shoot anyone
who failed to stop when challenged.
Fields Guarded
The Germans are taking extraor-
dinary precautions to guard the Plo-
esti fields, from which they have
been draining about 3,000,000 tons of
oil yearly, and have replaced all Ru-
manian technical personnel with
German scientists, Tass said. In ad-
dition, the Soviet agency said the Na-
zis have ordered - the removal of all
oil stored at the fields and sent addi-
tional SS battalions to guard the
area.
Meantime, a dispatch from Zurich,
Switzerland, said there had been
hundreds of suicides in Budapest fol-
lowing German occupation of Hun-
gary and that the Nazis are conduct-
ing a pogrom in the capital.
Parties Dissolved
At the same time advices reaching
here said the puppet government in
Nazi-controlled Hungary had dis-
solved the Social Democratic and
Peasant parties.
A Tass dispatch from Stockholm
said the third Rumanian Army Corps
had mutinied after receiving orders
dispatching it to the front.
The Soviet communique broadcast
from Moscow said more than 200
Hungarian officers and men surren-
ciered to Russian forces in Tane region
around Gvozdets "without putting up
resistance."
Nazis' Thrust
Fails at Cassino
German Artillery Hits
Allied Entrenchments
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, NA-
PLES, March 28.- () -Showing
mounting uneasiness about their
flanks in the Cassino area, the Ger-
mans after a sharp but unsuccessful
attack in the hills north of the
stronghold are laying a steady artil-
lery barrage on Allied positions to the
south.
The Nazis, obviously puzzled as to
where the Fifth Army might strike
next in an effort to break the Italian
deadlock, attacked yesterday along
the road between the villages of Cai-
ro and Terelle, some four miles from
Cassino. but were thrown back by Al-
lied artillery and infantry. An enemy
patrol that maneuvered around to a
point northeast of Cairo also was
scattered.'
Ruthven Will Speak on
Peacetime Education
President Alexander G. Ruthven
will speak to Post-War Council mem-
bers at 7:30 p.m. today in the League
on the problems of post-war educa-
tion, it was announced yesterday.
William Muehl will act as modera-
tor at the meeting. There will also
be a business meeting at 4 p.m. to-

morrow in the Union, during which
new committee appointments will be
announced.

Oil

A

BOMBS JAP SHIP MAST HIGH--After dropping bombs at mast height, a medium bomber of the Fifth
Air Force starts to sweep upward over a Japanese ship off Wewak, New Guinea. The enemy vessel was
one of five destroyed in the attack.

Fields

in

DetroitPolice Sift Clues
In School Gil Slaying
Bottle Collector Finds Body on City Dump;
Youth Traces Movements up to Sunday Night

State of Siege

Latest clue to the murder of 14-
year - old Joyce Raulston, whose
stabbed and battered body was found
yesterday morning on a refuse dump
near West Warren and Ann Arbor
trail, was furnished by a 20-year-old
youth last night.
He supplied officers with informa-
tion of the girl's movements up until
11:30 p.m. Sunday. Russel Gregory,
chief of Wayne County detectives,
said that "this is our first real clue
in the case."
Earlier in the day an anonymous
tipster had named a downtown De-
troit physician as the slayer, but,
when detectives questioned him, he
said he had no knowledge of the girl.
The girl's body was found by a
bottle collector on a city dump. Both
lungs had been punctured by stab'
wounds, thought to have been inflic-
ted by an ice pick or slim-bladed
knife.
The girl's forehead had been bat-
tered. A concrete block found near
the body was believed to have been
the weapon used by the assassin.
Shoes and a skirt, believed to
belong to the murdered girl, were
found about 50 feet from the body.
House Sidetracks
OWI Investigation
WASHINGTON, March 28.-(W)-
The House Rules Committee appar-
ently sidetracked today a Republican
effort to establish a bi-partisan com-
mittee for scrutiny of news releases
issued by the Office of War Informa-
tion and othersgovernment agencies.
Committee sources indicated the
proposal, by Representative Brown
(Rep., Q.), was headed for a pigeon-
hole, after OWI Director Elmer Da-
vis emphatically denied that OWI
maintains "communists and fellow
travelers" on its payrolls, or that OWI
indulges in partisan political activity.

Wayne County Sheriff's office,
which is investigating the murder,
stated that the scuffed ground near
the body indicated that the girl
had fought desperately with her
slayer.
An autopsy revealed that the death
had occurred 12 to 24 hours before
the body was discovered. Death re-
sulted from internal hemorrhages,
following the stab wounds.
Joyce had been missing from
home since Friday morning, and
her description had been sent over
police teletype. This was the girl's
third disappearance since last Oc-
tober. Each time she returned
safely after spending a few days
with friends.
The body of the slain girl was
identified by her stepfather, Walther
Raulston, of 12204 Monica Avenue,
yesterday afternoon.
The Ann Arbor Police Department
and the Washtenaw County Sheriff's
Office are aiding the Wayne County
detectives and state police in the
investigation.
FDII Supports
Civilian Draft
WASHINGTON, March 28.-(I)-
President Roosevelt indicated today
that he still' favors enactment of
national service legislation although
Manpower Chairman Paul V. McNutt
told Congress there is no present
need for it.
The Chief Executive declined dir-
ect comment at his press-radio con-
ference on McNutt's statement, on
the question of how best to use man-
power he declared there are a lot of
people who are not aiding in the war,
that it is a matter for soul searching
and that if people won't search their
own souls someone should do it for
them.

U.S. Air Force*
Hmits Luftwaffe
Bases in France
Chartres, Chateaudun,
Rheims, Dijon Hit;
Axis Planes Grounded
By The Associated Press
LONDON, March 28.---Striking in
a campaign of mounting intensity
against bases from which the Luft-
waffe defends Europe, 250 to 500 U.S.
heavy bombers rained explosives and
incendiaries on four airfields in nor-
thern France today.
Heavily - escorted formations of
Flying Fortresses slapped at Char-
tres, 40 miles southwest of Paris;
Chateaudun, 30 miles farther south-
west; Rheims, 80 miles northeast,
and Dijon, 160 miles from Paris.
As yesterday, when nine French
airdromes were attacked by between
750 and 1,000 big bombers, the Ger-
man air force seemed to be sulking
on the ground, leaving the defense
to thinly-scattered batteries of .anti-
aircraft guns. One pilot in the flight
to Rheims said he didn't see a single
enemy pursuit.
"Unable to bring the Luftwaffe to
battle," said the U.S. communique
announcing today's raids, the Ameri-
can escort fighters "attacked enemy
planes on the ground, destroying 30,
including many bombers, and dam-
aging more than a score."
.1 -
Raids on Nazis
Aimed To End
Air Opposition
WASHINGTON, March 28.-()P)-
Elimination of enemy air opposition
to the Allied invasion forces in west-
emn Europe has been the main objec-
tive of the bomber offensive against
Germany since last July 1, the Army
said today.
The campaign now has reached
such a point, the report said, that
the Nazis must decide whether to
defend their factories or hoard their
planes to meet the invasion.
In an analysis of the bomber strat-
egy, the Army -made it clear that
continuing operations against air-
craft factories are necessary because
of the "tremendous recuperative
powers" of German industry.
At the beginning of 1943, the Army
reported, Germany set out to treble
fighter production. By July 1 pro-
duction was up 50 per cent and the
AAF and RAF began a systematic
campaign against aircraft factories.
Yank Flyers Down
2,100 Nazi Planes
LONDON, March 29, Wednesday.

Nikolaev Falls;
Berlin Claims
Rail Center of
Iasi Assaulted
By The Associated Press
LONDON, March 29, Wednesday-
The Red Army yesterday crushed the
German garrison of Nikolaev, former
Soviet Black Sea fleet base at-the
mouth of the Bug, and in a surprise
night crossing 60 miles upstream
joined other Russian forces striking
swiftly southward across the flat
steppes on a 175-mile front toward
Odessa, 75 miles away, Moscow an-
nounced today.
In Rumania, other Red Army units
were assaulting the key rail city of
Iasi, the Berlin radio said, but Mos-
cow has not confirmed this report. If
true, it would be the first Soviet
smash into Axis territory.
Kovel Surrounded by Reds
Another German broadcast late
last night indicated Russian troops
had encircled Kovel in the east-cen-
tral part of old Poland, saying Nazi
troops there were being supplied by
air. Kovel is 170 miles from Warsaw
and 35 miles from the 1939 German-
Russian demarcation line on the Pol-
ish Bug River.
Premier-Marshal Stalin announced
the fall of Nikolaev, which the Ger-
mans had held for two and one-half
years, and a midnight bulletin told
of the night crossing of the Bug and
the capture of Domanevka, 77 miles
north of Odessa, and 40 other locali
ties on the opposite side of the river.
Last Nazi Supply Line Threatened
The Russian threat to_ Odessa was
especially acute, Moscow said, be-
cause in Bessarabia far to the west
Soviet units were within eight miles
of the Odessa-Tiraspol-Iasi railroad
-the last ma'in German supply or
escape artery.
Nikolaev, which sticks out on a
spit of land into the Bug River and
therefore is surrounded by water on
thre6 sides, fell after several days of
fierce fighting.
County Tops
Red Cross Quota
$96,244 Contributed;
City Gives, $62,736
Washtenaw County has met and
exceeded the $92,500 quota assigned
it by National Red Cross Headquar-
ters for the current drive, Charles
Henderson, Washtenaw chairman,
announced yesterday as returns from
the county mounted to $96,244.26.
Of that amount the city of Ann
Arbor contributed $62,736.73, or $1,-
.236.73 more than
Fits quota, and
MORE not all city or
county returns
have been tabu-
lated as yet.Un-
iversity men top-
ped their $1,500
goal Monday, and
University wo-
men have now
turned in $2,-
272.22.
in 9'44!All women's
residence houses
have been requested to turn their
quotas into the social director's of-
fice at the League before 5 p.m. today
so that final figures can be reached.
Of the 96 campus houses, 34 have
completed their reports.
Yesterday Kappa Delta turned in
$55, Kappa Alpha Theta, $81.25; Zeta
Tau Alpha, $27.75; Michigan League,
$25; Stockwell, $71.62 total for Stock-
well has now reached $417.62); Mo-

sher, $309.75; and Jellema, $38.60.
Union To Hold
Dance Friday
A new feature has been added to
the week-end activities of the Union
with the introduction of an informal
dance to be held from 7:30 p.m. to
midnight Friday in the north lounge.
This 'innovation was arranged for
the benefit of servicemen stationed

AIR POWER CAN'T REPLACE FOOT-SOLDIERS:
Cassino Drive Proves Infantry Wins Wars

By EDWARD KENNEDY AND
GEORGE TUCKER
Associated Press correspondents
THE CASSINO FRONT.-The cur-
rent Allied failure at Cassino is
blunt proof that air power alone-
no matter in what strength-can-
not defeat a determined enemy on
a battle field.
Bombers may wreck cities, smash
industries, slow up communica-
tions, and kill and terrorize civil-

bombs come, but after the bomb-
ing, they can emerge and fight
again.
On March 15, 500 bombers
pounded Cassino and returned
again and again to the target with
new loads of bombs. For four hours
they rained high explosives on this
one small town.
Houses leaped into the air and
whole sections of the town crum-

The New Zealanders wiped out
some of these posts and captured
some of the defenders . But they
could not advance to the end of the
town under the withering, close
range fire from the bulk of the de-
fenders who still were fighting.
It is true that the Germans
selected their best shock troops
for the defense of Cassino, mem-

such a bombing. But most of those
captured showed little or no sign
of nerves. They were mostly cocky
and arrogant. They ate well and
slept well.
It is also reported that the Ger-
mans had extremely deep and well
built underground defenses.
When the Allied troops went
into Cassino, they found pillboxes
under many of the piles of rub-
hld.a ,nti t+o nl r ninc in nAlIn .z

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