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February 09, 1943 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1943-02-09

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Fifty-Third Year
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Midliigan under the authority of the Board in COnttol
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights
of republication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by carrier
$4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
40 MADi soN Ave. Ni YORt. W. Y.

Board Resolutions
The Board in Control of Student Publications at a meeting on January 30th unanimously
adopted the following resolutions:
1. That it is the sense of this Board that the Michigan Daily should be published in the
interests of the University as a whole, the concept of University here to include students, fac-
ulty, University officials, and alumni. It is the duty of the Board to determine what the inter-
ests of the University are and how they shall be served by The Michigan Daily and other stu-
dent publications. under its control.
2.: That in the management of The Daily, in the selection of news, letters, advertisements,
editorials, etc., the Board should allow to The Daily editors the maximum amount of freedom
and discretion consonant with the interests of the University as a whole; and that the Board
will hold the editors to a strict account for the exercise of the freedom and discretion so allowed.
The executive editors are presumed to accept these principles and be bound by their spirit.
3. That when the editorial staff differs with the Board in Control it shall use its right to
petition the President of the University, or through the President, the Regents of the Univer-


Editorial Staff

John Erlewine .
Irving Jaffe . .
Bud Brimmer
Marion Ford .
Charlotte Conover
Eric Zalenski
Betty Harvey .



. Managing Editor
. Editorial Director
. . . City Editor
Associate Editor
. Associate Editor
. . WSports Editor
* .Women's Editor

M a
a t
+ ,

Business Stafff

Edwa'd J. Perlberg
Fred M. Ginsberg .
Mary Lou Curran.
Jane Lindberg.

Business Manager
Associate Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager

Telephone 23-24-1
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Id Rather
Be Right_
(This column is syndicated by the New
York Post Syndicate and was copyrighted
in 1943.)
mustbe a lot' of figuring being done in Nazi
hedquarters these days, so important that there
is probably a special Nazi censorship bureau to
blot out.the scribblings from the high command's
tablecloths before they are sent to the laundry.
, For there must be a next move, a big next
move. Merely to sit tight would be to lose
control of a deteriorating situation. Some ef-
fort must be made to assert mastery. What
will that Nazi effort be?
It might be in the military field, and, if so, I
would not attempt to speculate on it. I am will-
ing to leave German strategy to the German gen-
eral staff, resting content with the results of it
this last year.
But then, again, it might be in the political
field. At this point, the crystal ball on my table
begins to glow, and almost to bounce. What
could be the most desperate, the most daring, and
the most realistic political move for the Nazis to
Let us (and we now know something of the
Nazi method) set up some speculations:
Perhaps the formation of a new super-govern-
ment for all of Europe, with political borders
wiped out, one currency installed, and th sud-
den granting of new rights to subject popula-
.Letius arry on, for the one virtue in specu-
lation is that it may keep us from being taken
by su;prise:
Perhaps, since Hitler's own peace offensives
have failed, there might be an "all-European"
peace offensive against the west, conducted by
an !all-European" council, with, perhaps, Span-
ish help.
(The use of such facades, of political subsidi-
ary corporations and political holding companies,
is an essential part of the Nazi method. Spanish
fascism, which obviously needs peace to last any
time at all, might be glad to help Hitler in a
peace drive, where it is very reluctant to help
him in war. A peace offered to the west by "all
of Europe," from Finland to Spain, might be
very useful to Hitler, even if it only started a
debate among us.)
But now, let us set up the (clearly prema-
ture) hypothesis that Germany is really in
extremis, that she is about to be knocked out.
What are the political possibilities then?
Perhaps an actual abdication by Hitler, and
the setting up of a new German government, one
which might even .publicly abandon Nazi ideol-
ogy, on the face-saving plea of emergency mo-
bilization against the Bolshevik peril.
(Since Hitler's current political maneuvers
have not been enough to cause schisms in west-
ern thought,, what more logical to the Nazi mind
than to increase the dose, to take action so
startling that it must have political effects
abroad? Remember, further, that the Nazis have
always conceived of the last peace, even though
it started with a German revolution, as only an

sity, for redress of grievances, but it shall
refrain from publishing these differences in
any way.
Strauss Report Reaffirmed
By uhanimous vote the Board also reaffirmed
the principles and policies set out in a letter
which the Board chairman, Professor Louis A.
Strauss, sent to President Ruthven on January
18, 1933. This letter was as follows:
To President A. G. Ruthven and the
Alumni Committee on University Publications.
Through the courtesy of Mr. Wilfred B: Shaw,
I have been permitted, as Chairman of the Board
in Control of Student Publications, to read the
report of the discussion held by the members
of the Committee on May 7, and compiled by
him as Secretary of the Alumni Council. Mr.
Shaw has, further, allowed me to examine his
subsequent correspondence with several members
of the committee, who have enlarged somewhat
upon their views as expressed in the meeting:
the opinions of Mr. Thomason, who was absent
from the meetings, are set forth in a couple of
letters that may be regarded as completing the
discussion by emphasizing an aspect of the sub-
ject that was, perhaps, somewhat neglected in
the conferences.
A considerable part of the discussions had to
do with problems and policies of official Univer-
sity publications, news dissemination, and other
matters. With this part, the present communica-
tion does not concern itself. On the other hand,
the opinions of the alumni regarding student
publications are of vital interest to the committee
charged with the direction of these activities.
In the forty-odd years that have passed since
the founding of The Michigan Daily, many prob-
lems of control have arisen, grown or diminished
in importance, been faced and solved or side-
stepped and avoided. In general, there seems
to have been, in matters of editorial and news
service, as contrasted with the business manage-
ment, little attempt to formulate a definite and
permanent policy. Such policy as there has been
was of the laissez-aller order. It is easy to find
fault with earlier Boards in Control for such
apparent aimlessness, but it is obvious that their
attitude has reflected a divided state of mind in
the University Faculty. From time to time, as
emergencies have arisen, there has been a vigor-
ous demand for strict supervision or censorship;
this has been offset, in another quarter, by an
attitude of easy tolerance based upon a recog-
nition of the undeniable historical fact that The
Daily was established and has long been main-
tained as an organ of student outlook and opin-
ion. Its editors have taken high groundas to
their inalienable right to say what they please-
the "freedom of the press" has been sacrosanct
in their eyes, which have been, at the same time,
a little blind to certain correlative duties and
responsibilities. In this theory they have been
intermittently supported by the Board in Con-
trol, and by members of the Faculty who view
with amused indulgence the blunders, extrava-
gances, and lapses in taste of youthful reporters
and editors, as natural and not to be taken seri-
WITHOUT entering into a detailed analysis of
the good and bad features of the past admin-
istration of the publications, we wish to point out
that insensibly, in the course of years, the func-
tion and status of The Daily in its relation to the
University has undergone considerable alteration.
It can no longer be regarded merely as an organ
of student opinion. However, we may regret the
change, we cannot escape the conviction that
this newspaper has ceased to be a safe plaything
for infant journalists: its influence radiates be-
yond the nursery, in other words, the campus.
Rightly or wrongly, it is supposed by many to be
the official journal of the University: its news
articles are widely quoted in the public press and
accepted as authoritative: its editorials dealing
with matters of University finance and policy,
however plainly they may purport to be expres-
sions of student opinion, are not infrequently
supposed to be "inspired" by the University Ad-
ministration. False or inaccurate statements of
facts, hostile criticism, and zealous, well-meant
advocacy of the policies of the institution or its
claim to the generous support of the state have
alike caused serious concern and embarrassment
to the administration, the faculty, and the alumni
and friends of the University in recent years.

During the present industrial crisis the situation
has rapidly grown acute. The Board in Control
of Student Publications is indebted to the Con-
ferehce of Alumni for its frank and illuminating
discussion of the problems involved and its sug-
gestions for their solution.
From Mr. Shaw's summary of the conclusions
which emerged from the discussions in the Con-
ference, the following points are quoted as perti-
nent to a revision of the policies of the Board in
1."The Board in Control of Student Publica-
tions should exercise a more definite supervision
over editorial policies of the student publications;
2. "No student publication should be allowed
to go to press without adequate supervision;

'It is evident from the discussions in the Confer-
ence and from the subsequent correspondence
that such an agreement could not be reached.
The demand that "no student publication should
b- allowed to go to press without adequate super-
vision" cannot be easily reconciled with the asser-
tion (by another committee member) that "The
Daily is and must remain an organ of student
opinion. The minute it reflects faculty control
and censorship it' will lose its influence." Here
we have precisely the same divergence of view
among members of the Alumni Committee that
has so long divided the faculty. Mindful of this,
(a third committee member) wisely expresses
doubt whether "it is expedient to lay such a
document in the lap of The Daily editor or the
Board in Control at this time."
HE DISAGREEMENT as to the nature and
extent of supervision does not, however, im-
ply a similar disagreement as to responsibility.
We find in the discussion and correspondence a
virtual unanimity of sentiment for a definite
investiture of the responsibility in the Board in
Control. How the assumption of such a respon-
sibility can be reconciled with the preservation
of student initiative and freedom is the real
problem at issue. Supervision of The Daily before
it goes to press would make the paper effectively
a faculty publication: this would seem both
impracticable and undesirable. It would impose
an undue burden upon members of the faculty
whose time can be otherwise employed with
greater profit to the University. And it would
destroy at one blow an invaluable adjunct to
the regular educational resources at the com-
mand of the University by reducing the func-
tions of The Daily staff to mere routine. The
Board in Control would view such a result as
deplorable. The testimony of past editors to the
value of college journalism in preparation for
life is too emphatic to be lightly disregarded.
To preserve the best, while eliminating, as far
as possible, the dangerous elements in the train-
ing afforded by this work must be the earnest
endeavor of both the students and their advisers.
The Board believes that this can be effected
through sympathetic cooperation with the edi-
tors. Its responsibilities can be delegated to them
to the extent to which they prove, worthy of the
trust. But they must expect the sympathy they
have enjoyed in the past to be combined with a
firmness of policy by which alone the interests
of the University can be safeguarded.
In formulating the following statement of
policy for its own guidance and that of the edi-
torial staff, the Board in Control has tried to
keep in mind the views expressed by the Presi-
dent of the University, of the participants in
the Alumni Conference, and of its own members,
based upon an experience of varying length of
service; it has also sought to give due weight to
the opinions of the faculty and the student body,
as far as these can be known.
The fundamental fact underlying the princi-
ples of control of student publications is that
ownership of these publications, as properties of
the University of Michigan, is vested in the Board
of Regents. The Board of Regents has consti-
tuted the Board in Control of Student Publica-
tions its agent with full responsibility for the
conduct, both financial and editorial, of the
several journals. The Board in Control appoints
the managing editor and business manager of
each publication: these in turn appoint the mem-
bers of their respective staffs, subject to the ap-
proval of the.Board in Control. Each member of
the staff is responsible, directly or indirectly, to
the managing editor or business manager, who
is responsible to the Board in Control. (The pres-
ent procedure is for the Board to appoint five
senior editors and a business manager.)
THUS the relation in which the editors stand to
the University is virtually the same as that
of the editors of a privately owned newspaper to
its proprietor. The latter are answerable to him
for their adherence to the declared policies of the
paper; if they can not conscientiously or will
not conform to these policies, they may resign or
be discharged. No question of censorship is in-
volved, for there is no imposition of external
authority. It is, so to speak, a family affair.
Similarly, the editorial and business staff of
The Daily, for example, are answerable to the
University, as represented by the Board in Con-
trol. They are selected for their positions on the
assumption that they are competent and right-

hinded; if, in- the judgment of the Board, they
fail to perform their duties satisfactorily, they
must be dismissed. The fact that pretty generous
salaries are attached to the higher positions and
proportionate compensation to lower ones, cer-
tainly tends to enhance the validity of the
The important difference between The Daily
and the city newspaper is that the Board in Con-
trol does not bind its editors to a positive policy.
It prefers to allow them as great freedom as pos-
sible. It demands only decency, truthfulness, and
due regard to the best interests of the University.
In the presentation of the news of the day,
whether of the campus or the world outside, they
have a free hand: in editorial comment there-

WASHINGTON-Immediately after
his return from North Africa, the
President summoned Congressional
r leaders to the White House for what
they all later described as a "highly
confidential" meeting.
Fact is, however, that most of the
things FDR told Congressional lead-
ers that day, off the record, he told
his press conference next day-for
There were details about the way
the Firestone Rubber Company is
double-tapping rubber on its Liberia
plantation, the way Roosevelt cele-
brated his birthday, with cake and
candles in the -plane 8,000 feet over
Haiti, and the story about the Presi-
dent's being so comfortable in Casa-
blanca that he didn't want to move,
in spite of advice that the conference.
should shift locale from day to day
for safety's sake.
But there were at least a few
things the President included in
his talk with Congressmen which
were not revealed to the press.
One was the touchy problem of
civilian unrest and possible revolt
among the native population, par-
ticularly Arabs., The President
pointed out the danger of such an
outbreak to our military operations.
It would be like having hostile ac-
tion on the rear flank, he said.
The other matter which the Presi-
dent discussed with Congressional
leaders was the Tolan-Kilgore-Pepper
bill creating a centralized civilian
reorganization for the War Produc-
tion Board and the production pow-
ers of the Army and Navy.
The President backed up the Army
and Navy, said he was emphatically
opposed to the bill, and asked for
Congressional support in defeating it.
If the bill passed, of course, it
would be tantamount to Congress
stepping in and telling the Execu-
tive that the production end of the
war was not being run efficiently.
The Army and Navy, especially the
former, have been bringing all
sorts ofbpressure to block passage
of the bill, which would place their
production entirely under civilian
Note: The President's report on
Arab unrest checks with that of
OWI's Milton Eisenhower, brother of
the General, recently returned from
North Africa.
Capital Chaff
According to Hollywood Reporter,
Sam Goldwyn is suffering from baby
shortage. He needs a dozen or two
infants for scenes in the Russian
picture, "The North Star," but
mothers in middle-class maternity
hospitals are not cooperating as they
used to. Prosperity is so general that
these mothers no longer jump at the
$75 rental fee for new-borns .
There's likewise a camel shortage,
due to demand for North African
fairs of larger scope. In criticism of
student body, faculty, or administra-
tion, it must forego abusive personal-
ities and insulting innuendo. Agita-
tion for reform or advocacy of the
retention of existing traditions should
be calm and moderate, free from
acridity and violence.
It should be distinctly understood
that no field of comment or discus-
sion is closed to the student editors.
Manifestly, however, certain fields
are more clearly their rightful and
peculiar province than others. In the
world of student interests, such, for
example, as the social life of the stu-
dent body, student government, class
politics, athletics, dramatics, etc.,
their views are important and influ-
ential: if their attitude is not in
accord with that of the student body,
they have the student body to reckon
with. So long as the editors make
fair and unselfish use of the consider-
able power inherent in their office,
the Board in Control has no need or
wish to interfere with their func-
On the other hand, questions of

University policy, administrative, fi-
nancial, educational, etc., primarily
concern the Board of Regents, the
President and other executive offi-
cers, and the faculties. To many
thoughtful minds, whether of stu-
dents, faculty, or alumni, it would
appear to be the part of wisdom for
the editors voluntarily to eschew dis-
cussion of these subjects as demand-
ing greater expert knowledge, riper
experience, and more mature judg-
ment than young people may be ex-
pected to command. Others who
hold it desirable that they should
give serious thought and expression
to matters of graver import than col-
lege politics and athletics. It is the
old impasse.
The Board in Control wishes it
distinctly understood that no field
of discussion is under interdict. But
it should also be remembered that
freedom of speech, unless backed
by sound judgment, readily be-

pictures. OPA neglected to put a
ceiling on camels, and their rental
has risen from $15 to $25 a day ...
Both staunch New Dealers, Senator
Lister Hill of Alabama, has been
panning Senator Claude Pepper be-
hind his back . . . Republicans are
saying that the fact that FDR, at
the Casablanca conference, settled
vital matters of military, naval, diplo-
matic strategy without "Three Old
Men" of his cabinet, shows how to-
tally unimportant the cabinet is. The
Secretaries of State, War and Navy-
Hull, Stimson and Knox-apparently
had nothing to say about it. . . The
Roosevelt-Vargas meeting in Brazil
makes a prophet out of Thomas Jef-
ferson, who wrote a friend in 1820:
"I should rejoice to see the fleets of
Brazil and the United States riding
together as brothers under the same
family and having the same inter-
Merchant Shipping
A heavyweight scrap is about to
break into the open between the Navy
and Maritime Commission on the is-
sue of the Navy's desire to take over
control ofthe entire American Me-
chant Marine:.
Very quietly, the Navy has supplied
certain members of the House Naval
Affairs Committee with information
about the "subversive" and "undisci-
plined" conduct of American seamen
on merchant ships, and at least one
Congressman has declared privately
that the information will shock the
entire country when it is disclosed.
The Maritime Commission, how-
ever, is skeptical, suspects the Navy
of feeding biased information to Con-
gress in order to take over merchant
The Navy made a similar campaign
last year, but was overruled by the
President, who opposed any change
in the civilian status of the Merchant
Latest batch of stories makessen-
sational reading. Take the case of
the "Thomas Jefferson." According
to the Navy, this ship was operat-
ing in the dangerous waters of the
Aleutian Islands when a U.S. de-
stroyer came alongside in the early
morning and asked for oil. But, ac-
cording to the Navy version, the
master replied, "We can't give you
oil until after eight o'clock; the
men are at breakfast."
Maritime Commission investigated
the charge, found that the incident
occurred not in the Aleutians, but
in the safe water near Seattle, Wash.
Also, the master of the "Thomas
Jefferson" had volunteered to pro-
vide the destroyer with oil at any
time, but it was mutually agreed to
move out of mid-channel first, so the
two ships would not block the traffic.
As soon as this was done, the oil was
passed to the destroyer.
(Copyright,. 1943, United Features Synd.)
upon the editorial page. For example,
frequent complaints are brought
against the critics of music and the
drama. This is perhaps inevitable;
the reading public is quick to resent
the cocksure expression of amateur
opinions that are at variance with
its own. Too often the embryo critic
affects a manner that sits none too
gracefully even upon the blase metro-
politan reviewers who serve as his
models. Our sense of humor does not
always readily prevail over our
wrathful astonishment at the arro-
gance or condescension of tone with
which youthful ignorance plays havoc
with the performances of the greatest
artists. Nor is it easy to forgive the
wanton cruelty sometimes inflicted
by the critics upon their own fellow-
students who try to give their best to
the college stage or platform. Doubt-
less, some of those who write on music
and drama are imbued with a sense
of high obligation to foster and en-
courage what is best in the cultural
life of the campus: but their criticism
is frequently vitiated by a mani-
fest tendency to self-exploitation-a
smartness to which the demands of

common honesty and common ~de-
cency are recklessly sacrificed.
We are here concerned primarily
with good manners and right-minded
sportsmanship. Against lapses of
taste and errors due to ill-breeding
legislation is well-nigh helpless. Such
lapses may and do occur in the news
items or feature articles, and in the
correspondence to which The Daily
opens its columns, (and for which
it disclaims responsibility), as well as
in editorials, humorous columns, or
critical departments. In no part of
the paper can the editors rightfully
disclaim responsibility for vulgarity,
scurrility, or bad taste in any form.
They should remember that the repu-
tation of the University is, to a cer-
tain extent, in their hands, and they
should do theirtutmost to uphold its
honor and dignity. The Board in
Control pledges itself to keep this
ideal constantly before their eyes. It
can do no more-and no less.

(Continued from Page 2)
Lecture: Dr. George Calingaert
the Ethyl Gasoline Corporation 'w
lecture on the subject, "Some R
tions of Organometalic Compound
sponsored by the American Chemic
Society, on Tuesday, Feb. 16, at 4:
p.m. in Room 303 Chemistry Buildir
The public is invited.
Choral Union Concert: Jaseha8 H
fetz, violinist, will give the eighth co:
cert in the Choral Union Series, Tue
day, Feb. 16, at 8:30 in Hill Audito
ium. His program will consist of nu
bers by Mozart, Bach, Vieuxteml
Prokofieff, Shostakovich, Glazounc
and Tschaikowsky. A limited numb
of tickets are still available ,at t
offices of the University Musical So
ety in Burton Memorial Tower.
Alec Templeton, Pianist, will
heard in a special concert Thursd:
evening, Feb. 25, in Hill Auditorli
Tickets (tax included): $1.10, 90c al
60c, and may be purchased at t
offices of the University Musical S
ciety in Burton Memorial Tower.
Charles A. Sink, Preside:
The Regular Tuesday Eveni R
corded Concert in the Men's LofteRakanuidn a i
of the Rackham Building at 8 p.a
will be as follows: Debussy: La M
and Suite Bergamasque; Handc
Concerto for Viola and Orchestra a
Concerto for Oboe and Orchestr;
Haydn: Symphony No. 101 (Clock).
Events Today
Mathematics Club will meet t
evening at 8 o'clock in the West Co
ference Room, Rackham Bldg. Profe
sor Churchill will speak on "A Stuc
of Mechanical Resonance by Modei
Operational Methods."
Graduate Student Council w:
meet today at 5:05 p.m., West Lectu
Room, Rackham Bldg. Election of o
ficers. All members please be presen
Michigan Dames will hold gener
meeting this evening at 8:15 in t
Michigan League Building. Profess4
Roy W. Cowden will be the gue
Disciples Guild: Tea will be serv
this afternoon at the Disciples Gui
House, 438 Maynard St., from 5:
to 6:00 p.m. Both Disciples and Co
gregational students and friends a:
Christian Science Organization wi
meet tonight at 8:15 in Rooms D an
E of the Michigan League.
Coming events
ROTC Drill: All ROTC cadets ei
rolled in Wednesday drill will repo
to the I.M. Building in uniform wil
gym shoes at 4:00 p.m., Wednesda
Feb. 10. Advanced Corps cadets shou'
be prepared to give instruction
Manual of Arms. Reference: FM 22-
par. 36-56. The Thursday Drill se
tion will report on the rifle range:
old Headquarters.
Plywood for War: Mr. Thomas I
Perry, of the Resinous Products ar
Chemical Company, Philadelphia, w
present a talk and demonstration c
this subject Wednesday, Feb. 10,
2:30 p.m. in Room 2039rNatural Sc
ence Building. Mr. Perry is e
the leading plywood engineers in ti
United States. Forestry students wI
wish to attend this lecture will 1
excused from classes for that hot
All others interested are cordially ii

Varsity Men's Debate: There w
be a squad meeting to organize f
the second semester at 8 o'clock We
nesday evening in room 4203 Ang
The School of Music Melody Mix
for Faculty, music students and
students taking music courses: Ente
tainment and refreshment. Thursda
Feb. 11, at 7:45. Grand Rapids Roo
of the Michigan League.
Monroe Smith, National Director
American Youth Hostels, will spe
at the Women's Athletic Building
8:00 p.m., Thursday, Feb. 11. Anyo:
interested is cordially invited to a
trogram of Recorded Music: T
first in this semester's series
Wednesday evening programs of r
corded music at the Internatior
Center will be held onFeb. 10,at 7:
p.m. The program for the evening
Robert Schumann, Concerto in A 1
nor, played by Mtra Hess; Brah3
Concerto in D Major for violin a
orchestra, with Jascha Heifetz a
the Boston Symphony conducted
Polonia Society Meeting: Re4rgaj
zation for second semester. Meet
Recreation Room in the Intern atiox
Center, Wednesday, Feb. 10, at 8 p
Agenda: Meeting Nite, Election Da

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