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May 14, 1943 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1943-05-14

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VOL. LIII No. 166 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, MAY 14, 1943

PRICE FIVE CENTS

ermans

Riot in Berlin

ever

Axis Captives
May Climb
To 175,0OOO
17 Enemy Generals
Surrender to Allies in
African Victory; Sicily
Faces Air Poundings
By EDWARD KENNEDY
Associated Press Correspondent
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN'
NORTH AFRICA, May 13.-(I)-The
captive toll of Germans and Italians
neared 175,000, including 17 be-med-
ailed generals, today in a Tunisian
triumph which put Allied airmen
only a few minutes' unchallenged
flight from Italian Sicily's already
devastated ports and military instal-
lations.
The victory, which in one week had
cleared the Axis from this spring-
board to Europe, was termed by Gen.
Sir Harold Alexander "one of the
most complete and decisive in his-
tory."
Equipment Captured
'A military spokesman said the
total of prisoners would approach
175,000, and General Alexander said
tha~t 1,000 guns, 250 tanks, and a
mass of trucks and equipment of all
sorts were captured.
General Dwight D. Eisenhower's
deputy said the booty was so enor-
mous it "probably will take days, if
not weeks," to count it.
Marshall Giovanni Messe, Italian
First Army Commander, was among
the last to surrender. He gave up to
the British Eighth Army in the
mountains below Cap Bon. In the
Ste. Marie Du Zit sector farther
north the Prussian Col. Gen Jurgen
von Arnim, Axis supreme command-
er, also had given up yesterday along
with thousands of Hitler's finest
fighting men-veterans of the Bal-
kan, French, Polish and Russian
campaigns.
Italians Quit Last
In defeat, Premier Mussolini ele-
vated Messe, and the Italian high
command said the captive marshal's
army had "the honor of the last
Axis resistance on African soil,"-
qt'itting only on Mussolini's order.
Turn to Page 6, Col. 1
'Pops' Band Concert
Will Be Given Today
The University "Pops" Band con-
cert to be presented from 7:30 p.m.
to 8:15 p.m. today on the steps of
the general library will feature a
march composed by Leonard V.,
Meretta, instructor in the School of
Music and conductor of "Pops" band.
"Kemper Cadets" is the title of
the composition which is dedicated
to Kemper Military School in Boon-
ville, Missouri in honor of the cen-
tennial celebration now in progress
there. Mr. Meretta has been invited
to conduct the Kemper Military
Band in a performance of his com-
position which will be broadcast na-
tionally.
Other selections to be played at the
concert are "On Parade" by Gold-
man, "Iolanthe Overture," by Sul-
livan and Leidzen, "Mystic Land of
Egypt," by Ketelebey, and "American
Crusader," by Brockton.

Crawford, Dotterer To
Direct Union Activities
Bunny Crawford, '44, was elected new executive secretary, was gen
President of the Union and Charles chairman of the Soph Prom as
as ticket chairman of the Vida
M. Dotterer, '44E, Executive-Secre- Ball. He is a member of Phi Gam
tary to serve for the summer semes- Delta fraternity.
ter at the meeting of the Board of Both Crawford and Dott
Directors selection committee last agreed that in the coming seme
night. it would be the policy of the U
"to make the service men on cam
Crawford, who was publicity chair- and the Michigan student body
man of the Union for the past semes- much at home as possible."
ter is also president of the Wolver- Installation of the new offi
ines. He is a member of the NROTC will take place at the Union ban
and the honorary societies Sphynx Monday night.
and Michigamua. In his sophomore
year he went out for track and Vice-Presider is To
wrestling. Crawford is now presi-
dent of his fraternity, Phi Delta e E iecied Today
Theta. Students will elect one represen
In addition to his work as Social tive from each school of the Uni
Chairman of the Union, Dotterer, sity to serve as vice-presidents of
Union at the election to be held f
19 a.m. to 5 p.m. today.
CW illU The following list of candida
who were selected by a special n
Speak Before Information on the location
voting booths for election of U
Joint Session ion vice-presidents will be fou
on page 6.
Congress Anticipates iating committee will run for
Global War Analysis in fie:
Address Wednesda Literary School, Dave Striffler,
Wednesdy Bud Brimmer, '44, Engine School,
Geib, '44, Bill Jacobs, '43E, Medic
WASHINGTON, May 13.-( )-For IBbTyo,'4,adRnl
the second time since the warbegan,Bob Taylor, '44M, and Ronald B
Prime Minister Churchill is to ad- o,'M
dress Congress. He will speak Wed- ,Others are, Dental School, Ho:
nesday, and most legislators antici- ODell, '44D, and James Hayw
pate a major analysis of the global '44D; Law School, Bob Grims2
warsitatin. 45L, and John Hoglund, '43L;a
Therrittisl ehe rDon Smith, '44, BAd; Pete Sp
The British leader, here for a new '44F&C.
series of strategy talks with Presi-________
dent Roosevelt, accepted an invita-
tion from Speaker Rayburn to make P rof . FuTo
the address. It will be at 12:30 p.m. ~ J U1i)~...
(EWT) before a joint session of
Senate and House,and is expected Leave for Nav
to be broadcast.
Mr. Churchill last spoke to Con-
gress on Dec. 27, 1941. The bitter W
shock of Pearl Harbor weighed heav- School at Columbia
ily on the country, and it could only
watch in angry impotence as the Prof. Richard C. Fuller of
Japanese over-ran American and Po.RcadC ulro
British Pacific outposts. sociology department will leave
Confidently, he told the legislators Arbor tonight to report to the Un
then that although hard days lay States Naval Reserve Midshipm
ahead the Allies would be on the School at Columbia University m
offensive in 1943 and promised that lieutenant (g).
the German-Italian armies in Africa
would be destroyed. Those prophecies ile l report for instructio
have been borne out. connection with the Naval Col
TrainingmProgram which is expe
His second address will come to begin July 1.
against a background of heady suc- Professor Fuller is 35 years
cess in Tunisia, growing revolt in graduated from the Universityu
Nazi-occupied Europe, and accumu- an A.B. degree in 1928, received
lating Allied power which carries the A.M. in 1930 and in 1934 rece
certainty of eventual defeat of the a J.D. from the Law School.
enemy. was appointed as an assistantp
fessor in the sociology departmen
Scholar W ill Speak 1937, associate professor in 1942
for this past year has served as
On Religion in India ecutive secretary of the depart
in charge of administering dep
"The Religious Conflict in Indian mental matters.
Freedom" will be discussed by Thom- Mrs. Fuller and daughter, N
as Yakhub, noted Indian scholar, in Jean, will remain in Ann Arbor.
a lecture to be held at 8:15 p.m. to-
day in the Rackham Amphitheatre" ATTEND CONFERENCE
Sponsored by the Student Religi- Dean Lloyd S. Woodburne of
ous Association, the lecture is an at- literary college, and Prof. Marvi
tempt to present information about Niehuss, coordinator of emerg
the conflict between Mohammedan- training, will leave today forr
ism and Hinduism which many con- York to attend a national conferi
sider the main obstacle in the path on Navy college and university tr
of Indian freedom. ing programs for the summer.

Allied vior MarkedIn Tunisia

eral
well
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ama
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ipus
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ita-
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om-
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ish-
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ard,
aw,
and
eek,
T
the
Ann
ited
en's
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cted
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ived
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ence
ain-

Axis Defeat
Sabotage Grows
In Low Countries
Underground Activity Throughout
Nazi Europe Menaces Axis Holdings
By The Associated Press
LONDON, May 13.- Rioting in Berlin among anxious relatives of
German soldiers killed, wounded or captured in the concluded Tunisian
fighting and spreading violence in Holland and Belgium against occupation
forces were reported today.
The attacks on military establishments in the Low Countries and the
reported movement of German troops into them were taken as signs that an
Allied invasion of the continent may be imminent.
The Dutch news agency Aneta reported that Radio Orange, the Nether-
ls stat~onin London., ..a........arnea... .oana's popu ....aton onn4-4.a4-%,

-Associated Press Photo
Col. Gen. Jurgen Von Arnim (left) 54-year-old Prussian who suc-
ceeded Marshal Erwin Rommel as Axis commander-in-chief in Africa,
was captured by British troops as they overran Cap Bon Peninsula. He
is shown as African commander congratulating a member of a German
tank crew. This photo reached the United States from London.

1

* * *

* * *

BZERT r
.. l~ot El Aouaria CapBo
R' -_ Portoar
FerryvilleA Farina:
--a, ullGu of
Mateu _Tuni
Dedeida TUNISeKorbous
Tebourb
e Ba_ r Grombalia ob
Med jez om
St Marie
/1 -du-Zit Nabeut
Za houan *
>. <. Hammamet .
Pont'
.du Fahs1. Bou
Ficha *
Y C
. ..:::: U N IS A -
v "STATUTE METES
A rough circle north of Enfidaville marks the last pocket of resis-
tance in Tunisia before it crumbled under Allied drives from all sides.
German resistance earlier had dissolved in the Cap Bon region.
$15,000 WAR BOND GOAL:
Stockwell Contribution Boosts
TU' Bomber Scholarship Fund
Putting the Bomber Scholarship hellenic Ball. This amount, ten per
below the hundred mark in their cent of the expenses of the dance, is
drive for $500 in order to make their
goal of $15,000 in war bonds for the separate from the already pledged
semester, Mrs. Martha L. Ray, house contribution of the profits of the
director of Stockwell Hall contribu- dance.
ted $10 to the Fund yesterday. Other contributions totalling $102.-
Now needed in order to make the 25 but already figured in the list of
$500 mark by Monday, when the I turdirecently by
led es . er turnedh,% mL recently0 by

lands station in London, had warned 1
Germans were trying to provoke a pre
The broadcast charged that the G
House Renews
FDR's Trade
Pact Powers
Democrats Block GOP
Attempt for Legislative
Veto of Trade Treaties
WASHINGTON, May 13.-(-)-
The House voted 342 to 65 today to
renew President Roosevelt's recipro-
cal trading powers, but only for two
years.
Republicans succeeded in cutting
a third off the three-year extension
asked by the Administration but
Democrats battered down a Repub-
lican-propelled effort to bring the
trade pacts under a veto power of
Congress. The House also rejected a
series of other amendments that
supporters contended would destroy
the whole reciprocity program.
The legislation now goes to the
Senate.
The Democrats, declaring the is-
sue was the willingness of America
to trade and collaborate with other
nations in the post-war era, contend-.
ed the reciprocal program was need-
ed not only to build America's trade
.but as a means of securing world
peace and preventing other global
war.
Republican opponents countered
that the act in its present form vio-
lated the Constitution by transferring
tariff and treaty powers from the
legislative to the executive branch,
and urged that Congress "recapture"
its powers. The opponents described
the history of the reciprocal policy
as a "story of dismal failures.''
As the bill came before the House
it called for the usual three-year ex-
tension of the act originally passed
in 1934, but the Republicans, joined
by a segment of Democrats headed
by Rep. West of Texas, drove
through, 196 to 153, an amendment
making the extension only two years.
Russians Break
Nazi Defenses
Caucasus Area Is
Scene of Fighting
MOSCOW, May 13.-OP)-The Red
Army, attacking under a tremendous
barrage' of hundreds of big guns, has
smashed its way into secondary Ger-
man defenses northeast of Novoros-
sisk in the Caucasus, dispatches said
today.
The agency Tass also reported to-
night that long-range Russian bomb-
ers touched off fires and explosions
amid German ammunition dumps,
stores, and railway installations at
the Polish capital of Warsaw in a
series of raids reaching far behind
the lines to disrupt German offen-
sive plans. Bryansk and Orel also
have been attacked repeatedly in this
strategic pattern.
A Pravda dispatch reported that
hundreds of guns had paved the way
for an infantry and tank wedge in
the new German defense line near
Novorossisk after the Red Army had
smashed its way through the first
enemy line.
The mass shelling of the German
positions was on such a scale as to
nr.cxrPa. final ig enntaiomed at

Hollands population tonight that the
mature revolt.
ermans were distributing forged calls
to rebellion to provoke the Dutch
people to violence and added:
"Resistance is only good if it is
carried out in concert. Do not be
provoked."
The report of riots in Berlin was
carried in a Reuters dispatch from
Stockholm which was based on an
account published in the Goteborg
(Sweden) Handelstidningen.
Thousands in Berlin
It said thousands of women and
old men gathered outside the infor-
mation office of the German army
in Berlin yesterday in efforts to learn
the fate of their men in the beaten
Africa Corps.-
The correspondent of the Goteborg
paper was quoted as saying their
requests were turned off brusquely
with the advice that they would be
given the information at a more op-
portune time.
Then, the report said, the crowd
began rioting and SS Elite Guard
troops were called. They were said
to have broken up the riot without
resort to arms.
The Reuters dispatch said similar
incidents were reported from other
parts of Germany.
Railroad Center Attacked
From the Low Countries to the
Balkans rising patriot bands were
reported concentrating and increas-
ing attacks on vital rail arteries for
Axis troops and supplies on a scale
strongly suggesting that the under-
ground war now emerging is guided
by central orders to help clear the
way from within for invasion of
Europe.
The newest attacks, forcing the
Nazis to arm and guard virtually all
trains, were reported spreading to
Belgium from Holland, where two
weeks of martial law and at least 43
executions have failed to restore
order.
Dutch Strikers
(A Russian domestic broadcast re-
corded by the U.S. government's For-
eign Broadcast Intelligence Service
said mass strikes of Dutch workers
are taking place in many large cities
of Holland in protest against the
recent Nazi order that all former
Netherlands soldiers must go to con-
centration camps.
(Quoting a Stockholm source, the
Russian broadcast said railroad men
and metal workers in Utrecht refused
to work and that rail traffic has
been stopped on many lines.)
Nazis Bombed
In West, East
LONDON, May 13. -(IP)- Ameri-
can, British and Russian aerial ar-
madas smashed heavily at Hitler's
war installations with three major
bombing blows from the west and
east in the last 24 hours.
The Royal Air Force pounded Duis-
burg last night with the greatest
blockbusting raid of the war while
Russian long-range bombers were
hitting Warsaw, and today American
heavy bombers blasted Meaulte and
St. Omer in northwestern France.
The Warsaw attack was the first
on the Polish capital since it was
virtually pounded to pieces by Nazi
airmen at the start of the war in
1939.
(Because of the stepped-up air at-
tacks, Reichs Marshal Hermann Goe-
ring has ordered construction of slit
trenches for protection of civilians,
the German radio said last night.
(The broadcast, recorded by the
Federal Communications Commis-
sion, gave detailed instructions for
building the trenches.)
! .-i3 . - - 4 - . A

I

drive ends, is a total of $99.62.1
$390,48 has already been donated
this week by Martha Cook, Hillel
Council, Michigan House, and Con-
gress Cooperative House.
Already figured in the above list is
a contribution of $47.98 from Pan-
Pacific Setup
Remains Same

CZECHS WILL RISE:
Benes Believes in UltimateVictory

Halsey, MacArthur
In Complete Accord
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
AUSTRALIA, May 14. (Friday)-
(AP)-The setup of Allied commands
in the Southwest and South Pacific
remain the same at the conclusion
of a momentous conference between
^in ,ouglas Iarflr ana &3a-

ple gts , eeJ IIUIItl~iby U
Chi Omega, Chi Phi, Delta Gamma,
Phi Gamma Delta, Pi Beta Phi, Sig-
ma Nu, Theta Delta Chi, Theta Xi,
and Zeta Tau Alpha.
Of the $11,100 needed to buy $15,-
000 worth of war bonds, $10,660 has
already been turned in to the Bomb-
er Scholarship in the form of actual
cash or pledges of money already
made but not yet contributed to the
Fund.
Pledges still to come in include
$400 from Richard Forsythe and the
Detroit Alumni Club from the con-
cert given in Detroit in March by
Bill Sawyer, $440 from Victory Ball,
$340 from M-Hop, $270 from Sing-
time. $250 from Odonto Ball, and
also the proceeds from Panhellenic
Ball. and Slide Rule Ball.
Fletcher Hall Gives
Cash to War Efort
Fletcher Hall, the only men's dor-
mitory which will continue this sum-
mer, donated more than half its
treasury to war purposes.
'The dorm approved overwhelm-
ingly the motion of its president,
Robert Matia, to buy a $25 War Bond
in the dorm's name and to donate
another $25 to the Bomber Scholar-
ship fund.
The dormitory members have also
pledged themselves to donate indi-
vidually another $25 to the Bomber
Scholarship to equal the dorm's col-
lective contribution.

WASHINGTON, May 13.- (A))-
Predicting "one of the greatest vic-
tories in your and our national an-
nals," President Eduard Benes of
Czechoslavakia; told Congress today
that at the war's end his republic
will begin reconstruction as a democ-
racy "considering itself again the
gold-child" of the United States.
Prolonged applause greeted the
chief of the Czech government in
exile in both Senate and House.
Later at a luncheon in his honor,
Benes expressed belief that victory
for the United Nations in Europe is
not far off, but that the fighting to
achieve it will be "the most terrible."

I .

Gen. Douglas MacArthur and Ad-k
miral William F. Halsey, Jr., a
spokesman for General MacArthur{
said today.

Emphasizing that the two high
ranking leaders were "kindred souls!
and understand each other perfect-!
ly," the spokesman added there need
be no fear regarding united action
between these two commanders ifs
and when necessity arises."
In recent months there has been
a conspicuous lack of any reference
by correspondents in this area to
the division of command between the{
South Pacific and the Southwest:
Pacific.

-Associated Press Photo
n anima e.rnvrratian .Preident auard Renes (left) of Czech-

Japs Unsuccessful in Raid

I

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