P O% ~ R
TUR L 4lG7AN -DA'IL-Y
J PAkVA'L ,'Z 1943
_ . _ .
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
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otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
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Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
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By DREW PEARSON
Bud Brimmer ,
Marion Ford .
Betty Harvey .
James Conant .
Martha Opsion «
Rosalie Frank .
. . , . . Editorial Director
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WASHINGTON, May 13.- Secre- of the. Navy's civilian employes.
tary of the Navy Knox, who as a Representative Johnson did a thor-
newspaper publisher has broken ough job, turned up some bombshell
many an embarrassing story about evidence about official highjinks in
the Mayor of Chicago and various the granting of deferments to draft-
other bigwigs, is getting more and age civilian employes of the Navy.
more addicted to bottling up news. One case involved a young, unmar-
The other day he sat in on a meet- ried soda jerker, deferred by his draft
ing of the House Naval Affairs Coin- board because of his prospective em-
mittee at which it was decided to ployment by the Navy in an "engin-
hush up a report by forthright Con- eering" capacity. The soda jerker
gressman Lyndon Johnson of Texas got his deferment, and also the job,
showing how some Navy officials had largely because an influential friend
helped draft dodgers. in the Navy Department informed
The report was similar to the the draft board that he would fill an
investigation of the House Military "essential" position.
Affairs Committee into draft- However, when Johnson's report
dodging. The Military Affairs Com- was filed three weeks ago, Chair-
mittee, however, has done its bus- man Vinson called a secret meeting
iness completely in the open. There of the full Naval Affairs Commit-
has been no hush-hush stuff. It tee-attended by Secretary Knox
has taken the position that the and Navy personnel officials which
draft was the nation's business, not decided to give the Navy Depart-
to be discussed behind closed doors. ment a chance to clean up the
Several months ago, however, draft - dodging abuses cited by
Chairman Carl Vinson of Georgia, Johnson in private, without letting
jealous of the prerogatives of the the newspapers in on the story.
House N av al Affairs Committee, Chairman Vinson held to this posi-
made a deal with Representative An- tion, according to insiders, and Sec-
drew May of Kentucky, chairman of retary Knox was quick to back him
the Military Affairs Committee. up. Apparently Knox and Vinson
whereby the latter would lay off of figure that the Johnson findings are
the Navy Department. too hot a potato to handle in the
Soon after, a Naval Affairs sub- open.
committee, headed by aggressive When President Penaranda of Bo-
young Congressman Lyndon Johnson livia visited Washington he was hop-
of Texas, which has been probing ing for one thing-a higher price on
Civil Service operations, was instruc- the tin which we buy from Bolivia.
ted to check up on draft deferments He didn't get it-thanks largely to
patriotic American housewives who
have been saving tin cans and who
have helped get us enough tin
War Transportation Director Joe
Eastman is going to crack down on
St. Louis and Chicago anti-smoke
ordinances by making them buiy
soft coal from nearby Illinois in-
stead of harder coal from distant
West Virginia. It will save a lot
of freight cars. Also, it will not'
displease Congressman Calvin,
Johnson, of the Illinois coal reg-
ions, who had a lot to do with
Now that most home furnaces are
turned off for the summer, few oil-
heater owners are worrying about
their fuel ration for next winter.
Some even hope there may be no
In fact, they were given some hope
when Petroleum Administration offi-
cials said there were enough deliver-
ies to warrant an elimination of ra-
tioning next year.
That, however, was wrong. Real
fact is that fuel oil will be rationed
OPA is about to announce amend-
ments of the regulations on ration-
ing, and within the next two weeks
they will be issued. Only change will
be that the paper work for handling
the ration permits will be greatly
simplified, making the Government's
printing bill just one-fifth of what
it was last year.
(Copyright, 1943, United Features Synd.)
Women's Business Manager
Telephone 23-24-1 ...
NIGHT EDITOR: LEON GORDENKER
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Connally Bill Is Threat
To Organized Workers
THE NEWS from Washington is that the House
Military Affairs Committee has approved the
Connally anti-strike bill, already passed by the
Senate. Yet the bill approved by the committee
21-0 is not the same bill. The bill approved by
the committee is the Smith anti-union bill in
Representative Howard Smith of Virginia has
for the past five years been atteppting to ham-
string the activities of American.unions. He has
been determined to destroy the rights gained by
labor under the New Deal. Now under the guise
of the Connally bill, which with the amendments
introduced by pro-labor Senator Wagner of New
York, was primarily a bill directed against union
czars of the Lewis ilk, Smith has again put be-
fore the House his nefarious anti-union propos-
The Connally bill as passed by the Senate
prohibits strikes in government - operated in-
dustries such as the coal mines, and from all
indications could be effective only for the dur-
SMITH, however, has introduced into the bill
permanent features which would hamstring
the activities of union leaders. One of the worst
of the Smith additions is a section prohibiting
strikes from being taken until after a vote of the
workers involved. This provision is definitely
not for the duration. It is comparable to a con-
stitutional amendment providing for a national
referendum before going to war.
Smith, of the Smith and Cox team, defends
his proposals on the ground that there is a
need for greater democracy in the trade union
movement. And as long as John L. Lewis
exists this will be an undeniable fact. But the
way to democratize unions is not to make use-
less their only powerful weapon against the
employer, the strike.
The present bill before the House must either
be drastically amended or defeated outright. For
in its present form, it is a threat to every organ-
ised American worker. - Ed Podliashuk
Giraud-De Gaulle Unity
Scheme Is Hopeful Sin
THE LONG-WAGED BATTLE that has been
separating the French allies of the United
Nations appears to be approaching a satisfactory
conclusion with Giraud's proposals of unity to
Giraud's suggestions are, essentially, that
the two French leaders unite in alternate con-
trol over a general council and a smaller exec-
utive committee, with the military powers un-
der Giraud subordinated to the civil according
to French law,
If put into effect, this plan will solve the in-
evitable future bottleneck of the administration
in North Africa after the Germans are finally
cleaned out. Without the working out of this
or some similar agreement, the two major French
factions will continue to disagree among them-
selves with resultant confusion in the reorgani-
zation of French territories under Allied control.
Furthermore, unless the two French leaders
A FRESHMAN TRYOUT was being shown
around the complex and intricate offices of
The Michigan Daily.
"And of course," the sophomore who was
doing the explaining concluded, "you're judged
around here strictly on your ability."
I just happened to overhear their conversation
while I was trying to think of an idea for a col-
umn. It brought back a lot of memories (this
is near the end, now, for me, and it's nice to
reminisce about your freshman year and think
of yourself as old and cultured.) I remembered
my days as a Daily tryout, and how mighty and
almost legendary were the figures of Hervie
Haufler and Paul Chandler, the editors of those
I thought back to the time when I was under
the impression that, around The Daily, you were
judged strictly on your ability.
- I remembered how disillusioned I'd been to
find out differently, and the bad taste that
newspaper politics left in my mouth.
FOR A WHILE, on this paper, you're just a
simple, uninitiated tryout. You read proof
with zeal, catching even punctuation mistakes.
When they say "anyone want to relieve- the
proofreader?" you jump up, always willing to
Then you find out that there's more to a
newspaper than proofreading. You become a
fiend on writing headlines, and leave the boring
dirty work to poor suckers of tryouts.
About this time, you hear how last year's
Associate Editor got a raw deal. You don't
think much about it. But then you begin to
realize that, along about the Junior year, it
helps a Daily hopeful to have something be-
sides ability-namely, good, conservative poli-
You have two choices open to you. You can
look at the hours per day a Daily night editor
has to spend at the Publications Building-and
quit, as I did. Or, as last year's and this year's
editors have done, you can stick, and land the
good jobs in spite of your liberal politics.
I'm not saying that this year's editors aren't
the best there are-that wouldn't be true. The
same goes for Messrs. Swander, Mintz, and
Sapp. But I am saying that, while I've been
here, good men have got gypped in the nebu-
lous "best interests of the University." There's
a hazy smoke ring of politics around the Pub-
lications Building which, I think, is pretty un-
rfHE REASON for this situation is clewr. The
whole Daily set-up is a compromise.
On the one hand, you've got more conservative
faculty members (as individuals, I respect them
greatly-maybe they're right on this point,
though I don't think so) who recommend that,
in effect, The Daily become a propaganda sheet
for the University. They hope to see it become
big and "journalistic," staying, of course, primly
away from all controversial issues.
Then there are the students. To them The
L Be Right
By SAMUEL GRAFTON -
NEW YORK, May 13.- The Germans are
talking of "destroying Greece" should the Allies
land there. , This is big talk. But the fearsome
ghosts who used to work for Hitler are tired.
The apocalytic visions refuse to rise again. The
Fuehrer waves his hand, but the thunder does
Hitler has been crying out to Wotan for
months now, but the line is busy. The pagan
gods do not answer. The herrenvolk are being
beaten by a pick-up team of democratic lawyers
and life insurance agents, clerks and shipping
boys, auto mechanics and retail salesmen.
The wave of the future has been stabbed in
the belly by vacuum cleaner demonstrators
and sign-painters. Hitler's mystery of blood
and soil is being exposed for a fraud by armies
of aroused and mighty shopkeepers and book-
keepers, dentists and farmers.
The black cavaliers of disorder are running
like chickens before the storm. And in the cities
of Bizerte and Tunis, the union of humanity with
humanity takes place, as the plain people of
those towns strew flowers in the path of the plain
men who have come to rescue them.
He who communed on a peak in Berchtesgaden
with ghosts ten feet high and a yard wide is being
beaten by ordinary men, raised on bread and
All Holland is placed under martial law.
The threat is uttered- that not a stone will be
left standing on a stone in Greece, should we
come there. Liked a tired actor, speaking
without conviction, Hitler promises once more
that he will strike the mountains with his rod,
and then the flames will issue forth. And a
shipping clerk laughs..
The wearers of the shiny boots and the whip-
cord breeches are hiding in the ruined cellars of
Africa, and lumpy youths who used to take their
girls to the Roxy of a Saturday night are telling
them to come on the hell out of there.
Der Fuehrer swears to them that he hangs
his hat on a lightning flash, that he writes his
orders on Jove's back, but they are unimpressed.
He used to stamp his foot, and the world would
see visions of millions of faceless men marching
ever outward, and heaps of skulls reaching to the
sky, on a great flat classic plain on which all
the shadows were red. But he does it again,
today, and no visions come; he is only an angry
man in a room.
Thus are we bringing the Germans back into
the fold of humanity. We are clearing their
eyes. The see now that when the shells fall
on their generals, their generals surrender.
When their armies tumble into the water, no
miracle happens. They sink. We are giving
the necessary first lessons to the people of
Germany that all mankind is one and alike.
We can love them later.
Der Fuehrer raises his awful hand, but New-
ton's laws of action and reaction are undis-
turbed; the bullet does not stop. And Greece will
not be destroyed. The Nazis will make a few
more loud noises in that country which has
heard so much; then there will be silence again,
and terror running home, just another fright-
THURSDAY, MAY 13, 1943
VOL. LI No. 164
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
To Members of the University Senate:
There will be a meeting of the University
Senate on Monday, May 17, at 4:15 p.m.
in the Rackham Amphitheatre.
Commencement Tickets: Tickets for
Commencement may be obtained on re-
quest at the.Information Desk in the
Business Office. Room 1, University Hall.
Because Hill Auditorium will be used for
the exercises, and because of its limited
seating capacity, only three guest tickets
will be available for each senior.sStudents
in cap and gown will need no tickets.
Please present identification card when
applying for tickets.
-Herbert G. Watkins,
Diplomas:After the Commencement ex-
ercises on May 29, diplomas will be de-
livered to all graduates from the offices
of the Recorders of the several Schools
and Colleges. These offices will remain
open until 12:30 p.m, on that day, by
which time it is expected each graduate
will have had the opportunity to call for
Please Note-No diplomas will be de-
livered to any graduate until after the
Commencement Exercises have been con-
-Herbert o. watkins,
Faculty, College of Engineering: There
will be a meeting of the Faculty on Mon-
day, May 17, at 3:00 p.m. in Room 348
West Engineering Building. Agenda: Nom-
ination of Panel for Selection of Execu-
tive Committee Member, and Election of
University Council Member.
-A. H. Lovell, Secretary
LaVerne Noyes Scholarships: We have
been informed that the income from the
Laverne Noyes Scholarships fund will
be drastically reduced for the coming
year. The committee in charge, however,
wishes present holders of these Scholar-
ships to renew their applications, if they
desire to be considered when the amount
available is allotted. Forms may be se-
cured from Dr. F. E. Robbins, 1021 Angell
Students and Faculty, College of Liter-
ature, Science, and the Arts: The atten-
tion of students and faculty is called to
the following regulation of the College:
It should be noted that a report of X
(Absent from Examination) does not
guarantee a make-up examination.I
An instructor must, in fairness to
those who take the final examination
at the time announced for it. give
make-up examinations only to stu-
dents who have a legitimate reason
-E. A. Walter
Students: A list of graduates and former
students now in Military Service is being
ompiled at the Alumni Catalogue Office.
This list already numbers approximately
6,000. If you are entering Military Service,
please see that your name is included in
this list by reporting such information to
the Alumni Catalogue Office. This cour-
tesy will be greatly appreciated.
Lunette Hadley, Director
Alumni catalogue Office
German Departmental Library: All books
names to the Registrar's Office, Room 4,
U. Hall, before May 18.
Senior Mechanical, Marine, Electrical
and civil Engineering Students:
A representative of DRAVOCORPORA-
TION, Pittsburgh, Pa., will interview sen-
iors for positions with that organization
on Friday. May 14, in Room214 West Engi-
Interview schedule is posted on the
Bulletin Board at Room 221 West Engi-
willow Run Bomber Plant: Mr. E. D,1
Brown, Employment manager for the Wil-
low Run Bomber Plant, will be- in our
office on Thursday and Friday, May 13 and
14. to interview seniors interested in1
PERMANENT WORK ONLY. (Not sum-3
mer vacation work). Call Ext. 371 for ang
-Bureau of Appointments
And Occupational Information
Girls interested in living at the Hillel
Foundation this summer should apply at
the Foundation before Friday evening,
Zoology Seminar will meet in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre at 7:30 tonight. Report
by Stephen P. Hatchett will be given on
"Biology of the Isopoda of Michigan."
ROTC Drill: Co. D' will 'P~all In' on
HooverStreet. in front of the IVt Build-
ing, in uniform, with rifles.
United States Armed Forces Institute
Students in the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts who have been
invited to write the special examination
for the United States Armed Forces Insti-
tute will be excused from class attendance
Friday, May 14, from 3:00 to 5:00 p.m.
--E. A. Walter
Biological Chemistry: Courses 110 and
111 will be given from 7:00 to 8:00 and
from 8:00 to 12:00 a.m. daily, during the
period of the Summer. Session. Non-j
medical students are advised to take the
work during the Summer Session. It is
expected that the enrollment in the Medi-
cal School will be so large that it will be
necessary to restrict very considerably the
dumber of non-medical students who will
be permitted to take the course during
the fall term of the year 1943-44.
.' inal Examination Schedule, English i
lnd 2, Thursday, May 20, 2-4 p.m.
Bredvold-2225 AH;hFletcher-35 AH;
Hawkins-2219 AH; Thein-2003 AH; War-
Bertram-225 AH; Engel-B Haven; Ev-
erett-E Haven; Fogle-35 AH; Greenhut-
2235 AH; McClennen-3209 AH; Means-
C Haven; Millar-229 AH; Morris-E Haven;
Nelson-D Haven; Ogden-D Haven; Ohl-
sen-2231 AH; Schenk-3017 AH; Schroe-
der-G Haven; Taylor-B Haven; Thein-
2003 AH; Walker-1035 AH; Weaver-C
Haven; Wells-C Haven; Williams-B
-C.' F. Wells
Doctoral.Examination for Robert Thomas
Nieset, Zoology; thesis: "A Comparison of
the Effect of X-Ray and Neutron Irradia-
tion on the Development of Hair in Mice;
The Design and Operation of Apparatus
for Low Temperature Tissue Dehydration
as a Supplement to Radiological Investiga-
tion," Friday, May 14, 3:00 p.m., 3089
Natural Science. Chairman, P. O. Okkel-
By action of the Executive Board, the
to attend this examination and he may
grant permission to those who for suffi-
cient reason might wish to be present.
--C. S. Yoakuni
Student Recital: John Dexter, organist,
will present a recital in partial fulfill-
ment of the requirements for the degree
of Bachelor of Music at 8:30 p.m. on Fri-
day, May 14, in Hill Auditorium. His
program will consist of works by Handel,
Bach, Franck, Sowerby, Bingham and Du-
pre, and will be open to the public.
An informal program of motets, madri-
gals and part-songs by the Unihersity °of
Michigan Choir, under the direction of
Hardin van Deursen, Director, will be
given at 8:30 tonight in the Assembly Hall
of the Rackham Building, The public is
Fourteenth Annual Exhibition of Sculp-
ture, Michigan League Building. Open
A Graduate Coffee hour, -sponsored by
the Graduate Student Council, will be
held this evening, 7:00-8:00, in the Men's
Lounge of the Rackham Building. An
hour of classical recorded music will fol-
The Regular Thursday Evening Record
Program in the Men's Lounge of-the Rack-
ham Building at 8:00 p.m. will be as f1l-
Brahms: Concerto No. 2 .in B flat
Major for Piano and Orchestra;
Haydn: Symphony No. 101 in D Major
Handel: Concerto in B Minor for Viola
and Chamber Orchestra; ,h
Beethoven: Symphony No. 6 (Pastoral).
The Sociedad Hispanica will meet to-
night at 8:00 in the League. Senor .Buis,
Madero, from Monterrey, Mexico, will
talk on his country, and Mary Evans Will
give piano selections. There will be elec-
tion of officers, and the winners of the
scholarships to Mexico will be announced.
The Surgical Dressing Unit will be open
to all girls on campus in the Michigan
League today, 1:00-5:00 p.m. Specially
invited houses are Sorosis, Pi Phi, Alpha
Chi Omega, Madison House, and Martha
Cook. This is the last week the Unit will
be open this semester.
Notice to Sororities: There will be a
Panhellenic meeting today at 4:00 p.m.
t'he Angell Hall Observatory will be open
to the public from 9:30 to 11:00, Friday
evening, May 14, if the sky is clear. The
moon and double stars will be shown
through the telescopes. If the sky is
covered or nearly covered with clouds, the
Observatory will not be open. Children
must be accompanied by adults.
The Annual Meeting of the American
Association of University Women, the Ann
Arbor-Ypsilanti Branch, will be held at 11
o'clock on Saturday morning, May 15, at
the Michigan League. A revision of the
Constitution and Bylaws to bring them
in line with national procedure will be
presented for approval and adoption. A
full attendance is desired.
The Annual Luncheon will be held at
the League at 12:45 p.m. following the
meeting. Reservations must be made by
this afternoon. Call League, 2-3251.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN