VOL. LIII No. 164 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MAY 12. 1943
' PRICE FIVE CENTS
House Committee Vote
Sends Anti-Strike Bill
To Floor for Action
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 11.- The
House Military Committee approved
today legislation prohibiting strikes
in government-operated industries,
strengthening the authority of the
War Labor Board to enforce its or-
ders, and requiring labor organiza-
tions to file financial reports.
The vote by which the Committee
sent the bill to the House floor for
expected early action was announced
by Chairman May (Dem.-Ky.) as 21
The measureapproved embodied
fparts of the Connally Bill recently
passed by the Senate and virtually
all of the bill introduced by Repre-
sentative Smith (Dem. - Va.) and
passed by the House on Dec. 3, 1941.
Vote of Workers Asked
Besides requiring unions to file
financial statements, the legislation
also prohibits strikes from being
effective until afterka vote ofbthe
workers involved has been taken.
In other major labor develop-
1. The National Labor Relations
Bdard reversed an earlier decision
and refused to recognize unions of
supervisory employes as appropriate
collective bargaining units. Since the
earlier decision last June 15, a move-
ment had been launched at the cap-
ital for legislation to outlaw unioni-
zation of supervisory employes on
the grounds they perform managerial
To Discuss Order
2. President Roosevelt said he
Would talk with 'Chairman William
H. Davis of the War Labor Board and
others about the Board's difficulties
with his hold-the-line order against
inflation. The Board asked Stabili-
zation Director James F. Byrnes last
week for clarification of the order,
calling it unworkable in its present
form. Mr. Roosevelt said he had
already talked over the order with
Byrnes and Secretary Ickes who has
the responsibility for government op-
eration of coal mines.
3. Senator Byrd (Dem.-Va.) said
he would insist that the WLB furnish
more detailed information to the
Senate on the wage increases it has
Surrender of Trapped
Germans Is Demanded
British First Army Moves Across Cap
Bon Peninsula To Capture 20,000 Nazis
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA, May 11.-- French
troops have forced the unconditional surrender of Germans trapped in the
Zaghouan sector of Tunisia, and are driving on toward the sea to cut off
further large forces-those facing the Eighth Army to the south, a French
communique announced tonight.
A British First Army breakthrough across the neck of Cap Bon Penin-
sula a few hours earlier had sealed up in that jutting headland the main
body of some 80,000 disorganized and badly mauled Axis troops. The British
swept up 20,000 prisoners during the day.
The Germans in the mountainous Zaghouan sector quit and yielded all
their materiel in a surrender delicious to Frenchmen whose own nation had
been forced to capitulate nearly three years before. It was the first armis-
tice asked of Frenchmen by Germans since the World War.
French forces poured eastward toward the sea and Bou Ficha and, the
communique said, "are realizing en- U- --___
circlement of all Axis troops still on
the front facing the Eighth Army", *A L.rrs I-D 1i4t
in Enfidaville area, some 15 miles
south of Bou Ficha., V( al ag
The humbling of the Germans in IVT
the Zaghouan sector was complete.
Just as the Americans had done in Fats'aCamta n
the north, the French followed the
Casablanca formula by demanding
immediate unconditional surrender All Houses Asked
and the immediate delivery of all To Save Oils f or
materiel, and the Germans accepted.
There was no indication of the Needed Explosives
number of surrendering forces, who
were isolated when the French 19th With circulars sent to all house
Corps drove through toward the presidents the Manpower Mobiliza-
Turn to Page 2, Col. 3 tion Corps begins its "collection of
fats and oils" campaign today.
!11'. ,Tmd) The letter points out that m illions
C $ of pounds of glycerine are needed for
~ the manufacture of explosives for us
Bod Is Fod and our allies. Therefore, "every stu-
ody is Foun1 dent house on campus should have
its cook start saving fats right away."
Search Is Ended for Included with the letter is a
Conservation Officer pamphlet showing how to prepare
the waste fats for conservation. The
Manpower Corps will collect the po-
ITHACA, Mich., May 11.-( P)-A tential explosives from the houses at
25-day search for conservation of- a later date.
ficer Carlyle B. Smith of Ithaca end- Tom Gattle ,chairman of the drive,
ed late this afternoon when the of- said yesterday, "The collection of
ficer's partially-decomposed body fats is one of the 'musts' on our list
was found about a half mile from the of contributions to the war effort,"
banks of the Maple river below. when urging all students to cooper-
Lieut. L. W. Morris of the East ate in the drive.
Lansing post of the Michigan State Houses were also urged to continue
Police refused to make a statement saving tin cans; they will be picked
but asserted that an autopsy would up in a city wide drive May 20 by
be held tonight. city trucks.
Dr. LeMoyne Snyder of the Michi-
gan States Police said following an Manp e Corps Report
autopsy which he and Dr. C. W.
Muhlenbeg of the state health de- To B Sent to 100,School,
partment performed tonight at Itha- One hundred schools and colleges
ca, that he found "nothing signifi- will receive a report of the work done
cant and no indications of violance." by the Michigan Manpower Mobili-
Key Officers aliedC (hi
Shake-Up Will Assure
Wright of New Staff;
I'ull Prole Is lromised
By The Associated Press
SELFRIDGE FIELD, May 11.- A
shakeup that relieved several high-
ranking officers of Selfridge Field
and assured Col. William B. Wright,
commandant, of a new staff was dis-
closed today as the War Depart- PRESIDENT ROOSEVLT
ment's first step in its investigation
of administrative irregularities at the Ballotnio for
Julius H. Amberg, Special Assis- i oj Officers
tant to Secretary of War Henry L.
Stimson, who announced the han- Be F
ges, said they had been decided upon T o D CiQ' r1iay
before Amberg left Washington.
Names of the officers were not dis-
closed. It was explained that some Vie-Prt'Pr esilt frol.
of the changes were purely adminis- Each School Will Be
trative. . etermnined in Vote
Amen To InvestigateD
All of the officers relieved will re-
main in the vicinity of Selfridge I Elections for vice-presidents of the
Field until a sweeping investigation Union, one to be chosen from each
in charge of Lt. Col. John Harlan school of the University will be held
Amen of the Inspector General's De- from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Friday.
partment is completed. , T nominating committee made
"The department is determined," upeo ink tEmery m'43 e e e -
Amberg said, "that the investigation up of Dick Emery, '43E, John Erle-
will be as thorough as it can be, not wine, '43, Ed Holmberg, '43, Dick
only of the shooting of a 23-year-old Ford, '43E and Mary Borman, '44,
Negro private,._ tg former com- has chosen the following men to run:
mandant, Col. William T. Colman,'I
last week, but also of all other mat- Lit School Candidates
ters concerning Selfridge Field about Literary School, Dave Striffler, '44,
which there have been rumors. Dean Monson. '45, Bunny Crawford,
"There is no disposition whatever '44, Bud Brimmer, '44, and Irwin Lar-
to whitewash anyone, or to coverse,'5EnieShoAtGl,4,
up delinquency, or to avoid bringing sen, 45; Engie School, Art Geib, '44,
to trial anyone subject to specific Bill Jacobs, '43E, and Chuck Dotter-
charges." rer, '44E; Medicine, Bob Taylor, '44M,
Former Commander Held and Ronald Bishop, '44M.
The former commander was back Others are, Dental School, Howard
at Selfridge Field today, still under O'Dell, '44D, and James Hayward,
arrest. He was transferred from '44DL Law School, Bob Grimshaw,
Percy Jones Hospital, Battle Creek, D45Lm and John Hoglund, '43L; and
where he had been under observa- Don Smith, '44 BAd, Joe Shroder,
tion since the shooting. Amberg said '43BAd, Pete Speek '44 F&C.
he would be confined now at Self- Petition Deadline Is Today
ridge Field. The deadline for handing in a pe-
Rep. Paul W. Shafer (Rep.-Mich.), tition to be placed along with the
who is conducting an inquiry for other candidates on the ballot is 5
the House Military Affairs Commit- p.m. today. Any member of the Union
tee, went to Battle Creek today to see may do this by having a petition,
Colman but found he had been which can be obtained at the Union
transferred. Student Offices signed by 200 Union
Findings of the inquiry will go members. All petitions should be
direct to Gen. George C. Marshall, turned in to Bill Sessions, Chairman
Secretary Stimson and Undersecre- of the Men's Judiciary Council at the
tary of War Robert P. Patterson. Union Student Offices.
The investigation at Selfridge is The elections will be held at booths
to be under direct charge of Lt. Col. set up in the different Schools of the
Amen, a former special prosecutor in( University. Vice-presidents of the
Brooklyn, with the assistance of Am- Union serve on he Union Board of
Four Die in Explosion U
Of Experimental Plane
SAN DIEGO, Calif., May 11.-(P)-.G r ft t,*'ui rv
Ninety casualties, including four ./
dead resulted from the crash and
explosion of an Army experimental Detroit Aittorney Says
plane yesterday in the recruit hut EvidnIice W as orcedl
area of the U.S. Marine Corps.
An Army board of inquiry 'con- DETROIT)May 1.- /A'- U.S.
vened to investigate the cause of the etr H myru .-h -sCir
accident. Senator Homer Ferguson whoas Ci'
4 T .rr~ r~,A ,.*~r . n ro
~,L4J ,J U~~ AjikU4UUmank
ief s co()
sus with i
ing 35 pa
,cast by N
by the Sov
Red Air R
a dozen k
was in th
nants of a
ufer Second Front
. To Be Topic
li. fr. Prime Minister Brings
Staff of War Experts
Along for Fifth Parley
= fByTeAssociated Press
WASHINGTON, May 11.- Prime
Minister Winston Churchill arrived
here tonight against a background of
an Allied victory in Tunisia and Ger-
MINISTER CHURCHILL man jitters over invasion, for more
war talks with President Roosevelt.
He was accompanied by a staff of
ini Arm ymilitary and naval experts.
His swift trip to the United States
fuwrcs ] Zl, after the sudden collapse of Axis
arms in Tunisia led to conjecture
Positions that he had come for a final check-
ing over of plans for hammering
rossisk Sr e open another front on the European
lStuggle ,continent and perhaps to project Al-
Is Gains as Reds lied strategy even beyond that point.
Enemy in Caucasus No Details Given
The White House naturally gave
y The Associated Press no specific details of the exact pur-
pose of the fifth Churchill-Roosevelt
N, May 12 rWednesday)- parley in 21 months and the fourth
Army captured a German since this country plunged into the
key position in the violent conflict.
Novorossisk Tuesday and Presidential Secretary Stephen
he Nazi foe in the Cauca- Early issued only this brief an-
Infantry, artillery and aer-nouncement:
nantry arllery ad ar- "Prime Minister Winston Churchill
on a day marked b a con- has arrived in Washington. He was
of heavy air battles and met by the President upon arrival
activity along the-entire and will be' the president's guest for
d air forces, whose exploits the duration of his visit. Mr. Chur-
epeschill was accompanied by a staff of
ed the Germans to express experts, military and naval."
mazement, reported down-
anes in air combat and 21 Beaverbrook in U.S.
shot down by anti-aircraft Lord Beaverbrook, London pub-
g the day, as against So- lisher and former British cabinet
of 11 planes, said the So- member, also has arrived in the cap-
night communique broad- ital, authoritative sources disclosed,
Mloscow and recorded here although they said he was not a
viet monitor. Ilember of the official Churchill par-
Rtalds ty. It was believed, however, that
adion aBeaverbrook, who has been a close
additional announ cement collaborator with Churchill on indus-
aid that Red airmen carried trial problems, probably will partici-
risnM dyohlpate in the joint talks.
ey rail centers behind the The current Anglo-American con-
ines, including Kiev, Bry- ference gave added significance to
Orel. the secret letter which President
aviest fighting of the day Roosevelt entrusted to Joseph E.
te Kuban, where the rem- Davis to deliver to Joseph Stalin in
Nazi Caucasus army which Moscow. The contents of the mes-
mbered 200,000 men are sage have not been revealed and
p against the Black Sea there was no definite indication that
ovorossisk. Here, said the the Russian premier might join the
bulletin, "Soviet troops talks here, or even that he had been
demolishing enemy for- invited to do so.
by artillery shelling and Will Stalin Come?
Nor was there any way of learning
ront Bombed whther the conversations would
lverising pattern of bomb- continue long enough for the Russian
zany's whole eastern front leader to reach Washington in time
stem was carried into the to participate.
cessive day Monday by a It was considered altogether likely,
Red air force onslaught in any case, that he and Chinese
begun to suggest that the Generalissimo Chiang Kai -shek
y is preparing for its first would be kept advised of the meeting
ffensive. as was the case when the American
scow announcement of the and British war leaders met at Casa-
rdment behind the German blanca last January.
ich was made following At Casablanca, the President and
of the midnight communi- Prime Minister charted plans for in-
ght the total Red air force vading Europe, they announced, and
junction attacks to more determined to force "unconditional
score in the three days surrender" on the Axis. The current
mday night. parley was expected to solidify their
ssians apparently had the determination on that point, and at
guessing regarding their least indirectly, answer peace feelers
e against Novorossisk. which had been emanating from
) Tk*Ever since the final rout of the
D isa grecs Axis forces in North Africa began,
speculation has been widespread
T about the next Allied step. Possible
x M veU invasion points have been mentioned
all the way from Norway down
[rade Pacts through Holland, Belgium, France,
Italy and around the Mediterranean
NGTON, May 1l.-(/P)- to Greece.
n ranks split today on a
give Congress veto powers La Follette Blasts
ident Roosevelt's reciprocal
ts and Rep. Knutson (Rep.- Skip-A-Year Plan
n effect, told GOP National C
Harrison E. Spangler to WASHINGTON, May 11.- ()-
own business. Senator La Follette (Prog.-Wis.)
Irospects faded for a united lambasted as "legislative legerde-
..c.- - -
$340 NEEDED FOR COAL:
New Contribution From Dorm
Giving the Bomber Scholarship another boost on its drive this week for
$500 in order to meet its quota of $15,000 in war bonds for the semester,
Michigan House contributed $10 to the Fund yesterday.
The drive, which will end Monday, is the last chance for students,
faculty members, and campus organizations to back one of the most impor-
tant of the University's war projects, George Sallade, '43, Promotions Mana-
ger of the Bomber Scholarship, said yesterday.
The Bomber Scholarship, by dedicating itself to the double purpose of
buying of war bonds and giving scholarships to returning service men and
women after the war, has proved that it merits support both as a war project
and as a future safety measure for O
zation Corps since February during
the next few days.
Sedge Davis, '46, has collected the
material for the round-up on Man-
power activities. While mainly in-
tended for the Big Ten schools the
local organization suggests that
many of the colleges reply to the re-
port which will serve as an exchange
of ideas for similar organizations over
Fisher Appointed to Board
NEW YORK, May 11.-(P)-Elec.
tion of Charles T. Fisher, Sr., of the
well-known automotive family, as a
director of the Detroit Edison Co. was
announced today by Alfred C. Mar-
shall, president of Detroit Edison.
returning students, Coral De Priester,
'43E, Bomber chairman, said.
"During the second war loan drive,
the Bomber Scholarship, by the pur-
chase of $6,000 worth of war bonds,
did its part in helping the University
to meet its quota," De Priester added.
At the present time the Fund has
$10, 660 of the $11,100 in cash need-
ed in order to purchase the $15,000
worth of war bonds which will meet
their goal for the semester. $8,8000
of this money is already turned in to
the Fund, the rest being estimated
in money pledged but still outstand-
Graduating Seniors Munt
Y- L1 7 i '"S +U7
'THE WISHFUL TAW'-SEASON'S FINALE:
First Performance Will
Play Production of the speech de-
partment will present the first per-
formance of "The Wishful Taw,"
written by Elizabeth Wilson, Grad.,
in Prof. K. T. Rowe's playwriting
class, at 8:30 p.m. today in the Lydia
In this play of the life and customs
of the people in the Ozarks a large
cast will take part. Leading roles in
the play will be taken by Nate Bry-
ant who will portray Gamp Goober;
Barbara White as Lorny Duke; Mar-
tings are under the direction of Rob-
ert Mellencamp. The director for
"The Wishful Taw" is Valentine
Music for the two pianos was ar-
ranged by Donald Wallace, who plays
with Maurice Hughes. Josephine
Cole played for rehearsals and the
dances used in the play are by Rae
Larsen and Blanche Holpar.
The play deals with the people of
the White River country in the foot-
hills of the Ozarks. The plot is drawn
Grand Jury into charges of graft in
Wayne County affairs, testified as a
prosecution witness today in the
Herman Gardens graft conspiracy
trial and denied any irregularities in
S. Brooks Barron, Detroit Attor-
ney, accused of conspiring to bribe
city officials in an attempt to influ-
ence the letting of contracts in the
housing project, charged that he had
been tortured until he gave evidence
the Ferguson Grand Jury wanted.
Senator Ferguson testified that
Barron appeared before him "the
same as any other witness."
Ferguson said he had questionet
Barron only "four or five hours."
To defense counsel's assertion that
Barron contended he was in Grand
Jury custody from 400 to 500 hours,