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May 09, 1943 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-05-09

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VOL. LIII No. 161 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MAY 9, 1943

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Reds Smash
Defenses of
Novorossisk
New Gains Threaten
Entire Nazi Defense
System in Cau casus
By The Associated Press
LONDON, May 9 (Sunday)-Rus-
sian troops pouring thorugh an
elaborate defense belt, girding Novo-
rossisk today threatened to inflict a
staggering defeat on Axis Caucasus
forces and produce another debacle
in quick succession to the Allied tri-
umph in Tunisia.
The midnight Moscow communi-
que recorded by the Soviet monitor
disclosed that a coordinated Russian
infantry, artillery and air offensive
had smashed an intricate German
network of pillboxes, dugouts and
other well-prepared fortifications
within nine miles of the key port.
German Resistance Overwhelmed
Furious German resistance was
overwhelmed in this steady advance
which aimed to throw te Axis troops
into the Black Sea and recover the
narrow fringe of the Taman Penin-
sula opposite the Crimea.
Russian airmen, many flying
American planes, and Red artillery
paved the way for the assaulting in-
fantry beating at the outer doors of
Novorossisk, former home of the So-
viet Black Sea fleet. The bulletin said
21 German planes were shot down at
a cost of nine Russian aircraft.
AnothernMoscow announcement
recorded by the Soviet monitor dis-
closed the proportions of the Rus-
sian aerial offensive. It said that on
Friday the Red airmen destroyed or
damaged 190 Germantplanes com-
pared to 62 Soviet craft lost.
Nazis Nerve For Onslaught
German dispatches reflected a
growing nervousness over the mighty
Russian onslaught. The high com-
mand in Berlin claimed earlies that
the Russians had been repulsed in
"violent hand-to-hand fighting"
northeast of Novorrossisk, but ac-
knowledged that the Russian power
was increasing.
'olish Division Will Form
To Join Russian Army
LONDON, May 9. (Sunday)-(P)-
The Russian government has ap-
proved formation of a Polish divi-
sion on Soviet soil to join the Red
Army in the struggle against the
Germans, Moscow said today iri a
broadcast recorded by the Soviet
nionitor.
City Votes for
ax Alteration
Increase in Limitation
Favored by 325 to 110
Ann Arbor voters at a special town
meeting yesterday in the, City Hall
voted 325 to 110 for an increase in
the city tax limitation.
The passage of the proposal will
raise the maximum tox limitation
from 7/2 to 9 mills (or $1.50 per
$1,000 of assessed property valua-
tion) for the 1943-44 fiscal year. The
city charter formerly provided for a
limit of % per cent of the total as-
sessment. The new measure will raise
the limit to 9/10 per cent.
The result of the new tax measure
will be to increase city revenues by
$66,000. Of this amount, $51,000 is

needed to meet salary raises for city
employees most of which have al-
ready been granted, and $15,000 is
needed to meet a deficit for garbage
collection.
The town meeting, which was
voted unanimously at a special ses-
sion of the City Council on April 28,
was the first since Ann Arbor's early
days. It was not a traditional assem-
bly, but voters were asked to vote
by means of the mechanical voting
machine between 2 p.m. and 8 p.m.
at the City Hall.
Judiciary Petitions
Are Due Tuesday
Noon Tuesday is the deadline for
petitioning for the positions of presi-
dent and secretary of the Men's
Judiciary Council.
All male upperciassmen are eligible
for these positions and interested
persons should submit written peti-
tions to the Office of the Dean of
Students, Room 2 University Hall.
This move at the half year comes
as a result of the graduation of both

FUND LACKS $600:
New Drive for Bomber
Scholarship To Open

lles Herd Battered Nazi Army
Toward Hilly Cap Bon Peninsula;

Opening an intensive campaign
tomorrow for enough funds to meet
its goal of $15,000 in war bonds for
the semester, the Bomber Scholar-
ship Fund asks for $500 in contribu-
tions during the drive which will last
until May 17.
Starting tomorrow, contributions
will be accepted at the Office of
Dean of Students, where the money
will be turned into bonds as it is
collected in order to make the $15,000
total by the closing date of the drive.
Faculty Contributions Asked
Contributions are especially solici-
ted from members of the University
faculty, who supported the Fund ex-
tensively last year, but have so far
this year given little assistance, Coral
De Priester, '43E, Bomber Scholar-
ship Chairman, said yesterday.
Houses closing at the end of the
semester, and men leaving school to
enter the services are also asked to
take this last opportunity to con-
tribute to this organization which
plays a major part in the University's
war effort, according to Dean Walter
B. Rea.
The fact that in the present uncer-
tainty of the times no one knows
whether or not he or she will need
one of these scholarships in order to
finish school after the war cannot
be stressed too strongly, De Priester
said.
Students Are Eligible
These scholarships will be made
available to all students who com-
plete two semesters here before en-
tering the armed forces and then
return here after the war in order to
graduate. The fact that no discrim-
ination will enter into the distribu-
tion of the scholarships is another
Col. Rogers To
Serve as Post
Commandant
Former ROTC Chief
Will Return To Head
Campus Army Forces
Col. Frederick C. Rogers, head of
the University ROTC from 1933 to
1937, will return to Ann Arbor as
post commandant for all Army forces
on campus, it was announced yester-
day by the Army headquarters at the
University.
Colonel Rogers, post commandant
at Fort Sheridan, Ill., since the sum-
mer of 1941, was ordered here by ,Col.
John F. Davis, commander of the
Sixth Service Command. The order
was effective Thursday and Colonel
Rogers is expected to arrive in Ann
Arbor tomorrow.
As head of the University ROTC
and professor of military science,
Colonel Rogers was stationed at the
University from 1933 to 1937. In the
spring of 1937 he was transferred to
Fort Moultrie, S.C. Two years later
he retired from active duty to his
farm in Maryland, but in 1941 was
recalled to take command at Fort
Sheridan.
Born in Wisconsin on Sept. 16,
1884, Colonel Rogers attended prep
school in Beloit, Wis., and was grad-
uated from the University of Minne-
sota. He was appointed to West
Point and was commissioned a sec-
ond lieutenant in 190. He received
his first lieutenant's commission in
1916 and was made a captain in 1917.

fact which cannot be overempha-
sized, De Priester added.
"It is important that we make our
goal if we are to continue as a part
of the University's war effort in the
purchase of war bonds," De Priester
said, "and if we are to reach our
eventual goal of $100,000 before the
war is over.
"Contributing to the Bomber
Scholarship is one important way
for University students to keep faith
with those who have left to enter the
services of the United States, as it
may enable some of them who could
not otherwise come back to return
and graduate after the war."
Contributions already donated and
money pledged which has not yet
been turned in are expected to bring
the Bomber Fund to within $500 in
cash of their announced goal of
$15,000 for the semester. This goal
can only be achieved if faculty mem-
bers, sororities, fraternities, coopera-
tives, dormitories, and all campus
organizations and individuals finish
up the year with a last contribution,
De Priester claimed,
Attu Islands
Pounded by
Allied Planes
Jap Troops Bombed
As Army Expands Air
Attacks in North Pacific
WASHINGTON, May 8.-- (A) -
Army heavy and medium bombers
and swift fighter planes gave Japa-
nese troops on Attu Island their
heaviest aerial pounding of the war
Thursday, the Navy disclosed today,
in a series of seven raids launching
an expanded air offensive in the
North Pacific.
At the same time Warhawk fighter
planes, doubling as light bombers,
blasted installations on Kiska Island,
Japan's main base in the Aleutians,
in five raids. A communique said
"direct hits were scored on enemy
positions."
The Attu assaults were made by
Mitchell twin engine craft and Light-
ning fighters. "Hits were scored in
all target areas and several fires
were started."
Until Thursday Attu, westernmost
of the Aleutians and 233 nautical
miles beyond the American base on
Amchitka, had been the target of
only occasional attacks. Kiska had
taken the heavy beating, with as
many as 15 raids a day. Kiska is
only 63 nautical miles west of Am-
chitka, whose new American air base
was announced by the Navy yester-
day.
Jap Transport
Sunk at Madang
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
AUSTRALIA, May 9 (Sunday)-
(A)- A small transport, its decks and
superstructure congested with Jap-
anese troops, was fired and sunk
yesterday in the second straight day
of heavy Allied air attacks on Ma-
dang, New Guinea.
Three bomb hits from mast height
sent the ship to the bottom near
Madang's fine harbor on New Gui-
nea's north coast, and another bomb
hit started a small cargo vessel to
sinking.

Italians
Anxious Cabinet,
Military Ieaders
Meet it) Secret
LONDON, May 8.- (I)- Anxious
Italy, jutting out like a sore thumb
from Axis Europe into the hostile
Mediterranean, faces the perplexing
problem of celebrating "Empire Day"
tomorrow for the empire she has
lost, while Premier Mussolini's cab-
inet and military leaders worry in
secret session over means to save
their mainland.
No announcement was forthcom-
ing after the first urgent cabinet
meeting in Italy since the fall of
Tunis and Bizerte left the beaten
Axis armies a scant, slipping toe-hold
in Mussolini's vanished dream em-
pire.
Zero Hour Suspected
But the Italian public could read
into an editorial by Virginio Gayda,
who serves as a sort of official echo,
the open acknowledgement of the
imminence of Italy's zero hour.
"The exigencies of tomorrow have
made us restrict the use of our war
material to the absolutely necessary
minimum," Gayda wrote in a soured
keynote to the Empire Day "celebra-
tion."
"Today this phase of the war has
come to its epilogue. Today it seems
the battle is coming nearer to Italy.
All powers of resistance are neces-
sary . . . This is the most dramatic
moment of Italian history," Gayda
wrote.
Mussolini Dispels Fear
And in a message which he ordered
broadcast to "our far away brothers"
across the Mediterranean, Premier
Mussolini said "The sea has never
divided us and is not dividing us
now" though North Africa "has be-
come the theatre for shameless prow-
ess of Americans who are revealing
their primitive redskin strain."
The message concluded: "We shall
return."
Wildcat Mine
Strikes Lessen;
Only 1700 Out
PITTSBURGH, May 8.- (P)- A
strike of nearly 2,000 coal miners in
protest against $1-a-day fines for
unauthorized work stoppages appar-
ently was lessening in Ohio and
Pennsylvania today as union leaders
urged the men to return to their
jobs.
John L. Lewis, international pres-
ident of the UMW, replied "no com-
ment" when asked in New York City
about the strikes but his district
officers generally expressed the hope
of an early settlement. Fourteen
hundred workers went back to the
pits this morning at California, Pa.
Two of Ohio's largest operations
were shut down by a strike of 1,200
miners, and a stoppage was affected
at the Shannopin mine of the Jones
& Laughlin Steel Corporation at
Bobtown, Pa., about 70 miles south
of Pittsburgh, employing about 500
men.

Celebrate
Under Arrest

at

Zero

Hour

Amnerican Armored Units Race to Gulf

Of Tunis in Effort To Cut Off Escape
A La Diiquerque' for Axis Remnants
By WH LIAM B. KING
Associated Press Correspondent
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA, May 8.- Rem-
nants of the beaten Axis African army, devoid of supply bases and air sup-
port, were herded along the bomb-ridden roads skirting the Gulf of Tunis
today toward Cap Bon peninsula with Allied armor and infantry in relent-
less pursuit which will end only when the last Axis soldier in Africa is dead
or captured.
Axis Pocket Troops Fight On
Dawn found stubborn Axis pockets of resistance still fighting on isolated
hill positions, after the streets of Tunis and Bizerte had been cleared, but
the enemy was not expected to be able to put up any real delaying action
0 except possibly in the mountains and

COL. WILLIAM T. COLMAN
... (above) has been relieved of
the command of Selfridge Field
near Detroit and is under arrest
at Percy Jones Hospital in Battle
Creek, following the shooting of
Pvt. William McRae, Negro, ac-
cording to an announcement from
headquarters of the Army Air For-
ces base at Selfridge Field.
Attempi at Bribery
LaidI to Civilians
DETROIT, May 8.- (P)- United
States District Attorney John C. Lehr
said today a Federal investigation
has disclosed that "at least 50 civil-
ians" have been involved in efforts to
gain specific considerations for ser-
vice men at Selfridge Field.
Lehr said he would recommend to
a Federal Grand Jury next week that
indictments be returned against
"many parties" for attempting to
bribe government officials.
The indictments, he said, would
be based on efforts of the civilians
to attempt to gain consideration for
Detroit men, either through direct
enlistment or transfer from other
service branches in order that the
service man might be near home.
Ruml-Flavored
Bill Approved
Finance Committee
Okays Tax Measure
WASHINGTON, May 8-()-Rid-
ing roughshod over the opposition of
treasury experts and its own leaders,
the Senate Finance Committee voted
13 to 7 approval today of a Ruml-
flavored "pay as you earn" tax bill
excusing either the 1942 or 1943 taxes
-whichever is lower-of all persons
with net incomes.
Five Democrats combined with
eight Republicans to send to the
Senate floor a revised version of the
Ruml-Carlson measure rejected by
a four-vote margin in the House and
called "inequitable" by Randolph
Paul. Treasury general counsel.
The amended bill came out of the
committee over the futile opposition
of Democratic Leader Barkeley of
Kentucky and Chairman George
(Dem. Ga.), both of whom had other
ideas about methods through which
the nation's taxpayers should be put
on a current basis.
Congress Protests
Subsidy Pav Plan
WASHINGTON, May 8.-(P)-The
Administration's plan to use subsidy
payments to cut retail food prices
drew angry protests today from sur-
prised members of Congress, along
with intimations of legislative action
to halt the move.
Influential lawmakers said the Re-
contruction Finance Corp., previously
denied by Congress the subsidy au-

British Await
Allied Thrust
At Germany
African Campaign Is
Preliminary to Bigger
Things, London Says
By E. C. DANIEL
Associated Press Correspondent
LONDON, May 8.- A series

of

summer assaults around the rim of
Adolf Hitler's fortress from Norway
to Greece-that's what the* British
expect to see after Tunisia.
"Itisewell at this moment of great
promise," the Daily Telegraph said
this morning, "to recall that this
African campaign was never any-
thing more than a preliminary to
bigger things."
Some of these next attacks may be
feints. Some may have limited ob-
jectives.
But some will be the real thing.
That, at least, is Britain's hope-
the hope, as the Telegraph said, that
the African campaign "has been con-
cluded at small enough cost to make
possible a deep penetration of the
European fortress this year."
Where and when the blows will
fall is Hitler's worry, but neither he
nor the British seem to doubt that
this will be the decisive summer of
the war.
There is reason to believe in Lon-
don that conferences for the final
settlement of this decisive strategy
already had been arranged-or are
even partly under way.
This belief was bolstered by Presi-
dent Roosevelt's announcement that
he was sending Joseph E. Davies,
former U.S. ambassador to Russia,
to Moscow with a message for Prem-
ier Stalin.
Turn to Page 2, Col. 3

at the base of Cap Bon peninsula.
As other Allied troops chased the
shattered enemy forces into the pen-
insula, American armored units
smashed to the Gulf of Tunis to ct
off all escape for Axis forces in
northernmost Tunisia and prisoners
were counted by the thousands.
Cashing in on the capture of Tunis
and Bizerte, the Americans cut the
coastal highway between the two
cities at a point 18 miles south of
Bizerte, and the British captured
Creteville, 14 miles southeast of
Tunis on the northern side of the
base of Cap Bon peninsula.
There, only 5 miles from the Port
of Hammamet on the southern side
of the peninsula's base, British arm-
or threatened to bottle up the main
body of enemy forces in their last
refuge on the African continent.
Yanks Capture Chouigui
The Second U.S. Army Corps, op-
erating under a new commander,
captured Chouigui, 21 miles west of
Tunis, and pressed on against enemy
rear guards. The Allies held Chouigui
Pass, which guards the road to the
junction of Tebourba.
The 19th French Corps occupied
Pont Du Fahs and British armored
forces quickly took over three towns
between that archor of the enemy's
southern front and Medjez-El-Bab---
Ksar Tyr, Ain El-Asker and Bir
M'Cherga.
Bradley, Not Patton, Led
Yanks to Bizerte Victory
General Eisenhower disclosed for
the first time that Maj. Gen. Omar
N. Bradley, 50-year-old infantry offi-
cer, and not Lieut. Gen. George S.
Patton Jr., armored specialist, com-
manded 'the American troops which
fought their way through the hills of
northern Tunisia to capture Mateur
and then Bizerte. He said the
change was made April 17 because
from that point on it figured to be
strictly infantry warfare.

0

TO PLAN PREPAYMENT:

Health Economics Institute
Will Convene Tomorrow

<+

PLAY PRODUCTION:
Ba bington Stars in 'The Wishful Taw'

John Babington will play Big Duke,
one of the lead roles, in "The Wishful
Taw," by Elizabethe Wilson, Grad., to
be presented by Play Production of
the speech department at 8:30 p.m.
Wednesday through Saturday night
in the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Lorny Duke will be portrayed by
Barbara White, and her heart inter-
est, Vincent St. John, will be played
by Maximilian Bryer. Blanche Hol-
par will star again in a character
role, taking the part of Granny Goo-
ber who "don't smoke no pipe cause
it ain't genteel, but she do take her
stick o' snuff between whiles."
Marryin'-Buryin' Si, who says
"This-un 'ull be the ding-bustinest,
hawg-killinist play-party you e'er did
see," will be portrayed by Clarence
Foster. The role of Gramp Goober,

Dorothy Chamberlin, Margaret Cox-
on, Margaret Hamilton, Ellen Hoop-

Szucs, Dorothy Wineland and Marcia
Zimmerman.
The list of the cast members con-
tinues with Bethine Clark, Harriet
Cooper, Thelma Davis, Armand Geb-
ert, Barbara Hulbert, Elizabeth Law-
rence. Patricia Lewis, Uditta Mar-:
row, Marilyn Mayer. William Mike-
lait, Robert Roman, Paul Schick,
Janet Stickney, Barbara Stuber, Bar-
bara Lurie. Sue Wood and Mary Lou]
Meeker. {
Emma Hirsch is in charge of cos-
tumes for "The Wishful Taw," and
Robert Mellencamp is directing the
settings. Prof. Valentine Windt is
directing the production.+
"The Wishful Taw" is drawn from+

Organization and administration
of prepayment plans will be the
theme of the Institute on Public
Health Economics convening tomor-
row for a two-week session at the
'preview opening' of the new School
of Public Health building.
The Rockefeller Foundation,
through the Committee on Research
in Medical Economics, has made a
grant to meet the expenses of the
Institute, which is under the direc-
tion of Dr. Nathal Sinai, professor of
public health, and is sponsored by
the public health school in coopera-
tion with various agencies concerned
with health service plans.
Each day of the Institute will be
divided into three periods: morning,
9 a.m. to 12 a.m.; afternoon, 2 p.m.
to 6 p.m., and evening, 8 p.m. to
10 p.m. Morning and evening sessions
are to deal with the basic factors in
public health economics, organized
programs of health service with par-
ticular reference to social insurance
and special subjects related to the
organization and administration of
I health service plans.
Beginning Tuesday, May 11, and
continuing through Wednesday, May
19, special courses will be offered

Health Services and Health Needs."
Dr. Franz Goldmann, Professor of
Public Health, Yale University
School of Medicine, will lecture on
"The Health Professions and Insti-
tutions: Their Distribution and In-
comes," at 3 p.m. "Public Health
Economic Trends since 1930" will be
the subject of a talk at 4 p.m. by C.
Rufus Rorem, Ph.D., Director of Hos.
pital Service Plan Commission,
American Hospital Association.
Institute To Use Rooms
In New Health Building
Bare conference rooms in the new
public health building on Observa-
tory Street will be used for the Insti-
tute on Public Health Economics.
Formal opening of the $650,000
edifice, still in an unfinished state,
will be held within two months, when
the temporary offices for Dean Hen-
ry Vaughan and secretary of the
faculty Dr. Nathan Sinai will be
transferred from their present sites
in the Kellogg Dental School and
when the various units in the School
of Public Health, now scattered all
over the campus, will be consolidated

a traditional story of a foreigner who thority to be exercised now, would re-
comes to the hills, falls in love with ceive a cool reception if and when it
the girl there. and pays with his life ,seeks additional funds.
for the crime of chicken-thievin' that

- '.. _.. ..'} ti's., . .._. L

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