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April 22, 1943 - Image 6

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1943-04-22

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To Get

New SystRm of ArRaid Aarms



Changed Plan
Will Give Public
Added Safety
Control Centers Will
Use Blue, Red, White
Light Signal System
LANSING, April 21.- .P)- A new
system for sounding air raid alarms
will be employed In Michigan, effec-
tive May 1.
Capt. Donald S. Leonard, State
Civilian Defense Director, said the
new plan which he announced; would
be modeled after that used in the
Sault Ste. Marie military district and
along the eastern seaboard, which
he asserted would give the public
more protection, allow faster mobili-
zation or protective forces, and abate
the "burden on telephonic facilities
which resulted in the past.
Here is what the new alarm system
will involve:
1-A "blue" warning signal-a
two-minute steady blast on sirens,
horns or whistles-to indicate an air
raid is probable.
2-A "red" warning-the familiar
three-minute fluctuating blast on
sirens, whistles or horns-indicating
a raid is imminent.
3-Another "blue" warning - a
two-minute steady blast-after a
raid to indicate raiders have passed
but may return.
4-A "white" or "all clear" x sig-
nal-a one-minute steady blast fol-
lowed by two minutes of silence, a
second one-minute blast followedaby
another two minutes of silence and
then a final one-minute blast,
Leonard explained that the use of
the terms "blue," "red" and "white"
referred to a colored light signal sys-
tem used in control centers.
Under the old system, Leonard re-
called, the citizens defense 'corps of
air raid wardens and protective per-
sonnel was notified privately by tele-
phone that a raid was probable.
Leonard said such a system greatly
overtaxed telephone systems, already
loaded with war messages.. Under
the old system, the fluctuating siren
signal was the first public signal no-
tice of an impending raid and
brought an immediate blackout of all
lights and stoppage of all street traf-
fic, with pedestrians required to go
to shelter.
Under the new system, he contmn-
ued, the first "blue" warning will
notify air raid personnel .tomobile,
will blackout homes and offices but
will permit vehicular traffic to move
with dim lights and pedestrians to
go'about their business.
The sounding of the "red" signal
will mean enemy planes are about to
attack and will result in stoppage of
all traffic, and the clearing of the
streets of pedestrians.
When the second "blue" signal is
sounded, Leonard said, air raid per-
sonnel remains mobilized, the black-
out continues, but traffic may flow
again with dim lights and pedestri-
ans may leave shelters.
The final "white" signal demobil-
izes air raid personnel, ends the
blackout and restores the community
to normal status.
Plans Complete
For IFC Sing
Songfest May 3 To Be
Held on Library Steps
The annual Interfraternity Sing,
sponsored by Interfraternity Coun-
cil, will be held at 7:30 p.m. on Mon-
day, May 3 on the steps of the Li-

The ten groups who will Sing will
be selected from the tryouts to be
held on Thursday, April 29.
Guest artists for the program will
be the Women's Glee Club, and Kap-
pa Kapba Gamma, sorority winners
of last year's Lantern Night. Soror-
ities will act as 'cheering sections
for the competing fraternities.
Committee members for the Sing
are Dick Emery, '43E, and Bud Bur-
gess, '44E, general chairmen; Sher-
man Massingham, '44E, and Schus-
ter Siegal, '46, program; Roger Mc-
Allister, and Bob Beadle, '46E, pre-
liminary tryouts; Larry Neumann,
'45E, and Roy ErIglehardt, '46, judg-
es; Stan Ball, '46,- Lloyd Bioggini,
and Charles Cook, '48, seating, and
Bob Acton, '46, and Alan Holcombe,
'46E, properties.
Alpha Phi Omega
To See Grid Movie
Alpha Phi Omega, the only na-
tional service fraternity on campus,
will show movies of the 1942 Michi-
gan-Notre Dame football game "in
their membership meeting at 8 p.m.
today in the Union.
This organization, which has car-
ried on several service campaigns

FDR Gets Presidential Greeting

FDR's Host

Plans for Fresh Air Camp's
Annual Tag Day Completed

With the appointment of eight
students to key positions on the cen-
tral committee of the University
Fresh Air Camp organization, plans
were completed yesterday for the
twenty-third annual Tag Day to be
held on campus Friday, April 30.
Chairman of the committee is Pete
Wingate, '43E, former secretary-
treasurer of the Inter-Fraternity
Council. Wingate is also a member
of Michigamua and Vulcans, honor-
ary engineering society.
Working with him as co-chairman
is Helen Kressbach, '44, president of
Wyvern and a member of the central
committee for the orientation pro-
Other members of the committee
include Gale Doyle, '44, in charge of
stringing tags, Peggy Morgan, '45,
solicitation from stores, Virginia
Rock, '44, publicity; Bunny Craw-
ford, '44, and Lorraine Dalzan, '43,
post organization, and Don Long-
worth, '45E, headquarters.
The University of Michigan Fresh
Air Camp, which is maintained large-
ly by money obtained in this annual
Tag Day drive, will starts its twenty-
third season in July. Underpriv-
ileged boys who are taken from met-
ropolitan areas are given a month's
vacation at the camp, which is
twenty-four miles "from Ann Arbor
on Patterson Lake.
"This year we shall attempt to
equal our goal of last year's drive-
$1,500, especially since the need is

greater than ever," Prof. F. N. Mene-
fee, faculty adviser of the commit-
tee, said.
Not only does the camp offer un-
derprivileged boys an opportunity to
play, learn and practice skills, and
make new friends, but it also affords
students of sociology, psychology, and
education a chance to make special
studies in group behavior. Diagno-
sis and treatment of boys who have
difficulty in adjusting to their en-
vironments are also carried out at
the camp.
Staff Announced
For French PlAy
Prof. Charles E. Koella, director
of French plays and faculty advisor
of the French club announced yes-
terday the production staff for the
French play, "Le Monde ou l'on
s'ennuie," to be given at 8:30 p.m.
Tuesday in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Dr. Alphonse Favreau, Glen Kolg
and Robert Mullencainp are in
charge of stage and furniture while
Muriel Lipson and Dorothy Dunitz
are handling the properties for the
play. Chairman of the make-up com-
mittee is Sally Levy and working with
her are Ruth Edberg, Shirley Mae
Janusch, Tommie Harris, Lee Horn
and Barbara Stuber.

- --- - - -
Extending a welcoming hand to the nation nort h of the border, President Manuel Avila Camacho of
Mexico (left) greets President Roosevelt on his arriv al in Monterrey, Mexico, April 20 for a brief stopover.
Mrs. Avila Camacho (center) looks on smiling.

President Manuel Avila Cama-
cho (above) of Mexico joined with
President Roosevelt in talks on the
future relations of their two coun-
tries and joint war measures as
they met in Monterrey, Mexico.

Japs Execute Raiders of Tokyo;
Arnold Pledges Revenge for Deed

(Continued from Page 1)

American people more determined
than ever to blot out the shameless
militarism of Japan."
Tihe President's statement, issued
at the White House, was supplement-
ed by the State Department. To-
gether, the statements disclosed that:
The American Government ini-
tiated inquiries through the Swiss
Government immediately after Tok-
yo's radio broadcast, last Oct. 19,
that military trials were planned for
the eight Americans.
It was not until Feb. 17, however,
that the Japanese government re-
plied, acknowledging that the Ameri-
cans had been tried, sentenced to
death, and that, as the State De-
partment phrased it, "following com-
mutation of the sentence for the
larger number of them, the sentence
of death was applied to certain of
the accused."
The Japanese accusation was that
the fliers had bombed non-military
targets and shot civilians, and they
told the Swiss minister in Tokyo that
these acts were admitted.
They declined, however, to say
which men had been executed or
what disposition had been made of
their bodies. Thus, the American
Government was left with no details
and not knowing which of the eight
men, missing after the Tokyo raid
and presumed prisoners, were the
victims of this Japanese terrorism.
The State Department's reply, giv-
en the Swiss to convey to Tokyo, re-
called the obligations Japan has
assumed regarding treatment of mil-
itary prisoners; the promise that the
protecting power (the Swiss) must
be given three weeks notice before
a prisoner is tried, that a representa-
tive of the protecting power must be
allowed to be present-all the other
provisions of conventions concerning
treatment of prisoners.
"The Japanese government has not
complied with any," it observed.
As for the accusation against the
prisoners, the State Department said
the American forces had instructions
to attack only military objectives and
it is known they did not deviate from
these orders.
"The government of the United
States brands as false the charge
that American aviators intentionally
have attacked non-combatants any-
where," it said, adding:
"There are numerous known in-
stances in which Japanese official
agencies have employed brutal and
bestial methods in extorting alleged
confessions from persons in their
power. It is customary for those
agencies to use statements obtained
under torture, or alleged statements,
in proceedings against the victims.
"If the admissions alleged by the
New Pledge Class
Of Phi Eta Sigma
Elects Its Officers
Phi Eta Sigma, freshman national
honor society, elected its new officers
for the coming semester last Sunday
night at a banquet in the Michigan
The students elected were: presi-
dent, Harry Smith, Jr.; vice-presi-
dent, Patrick McFee; secretary, Mel
Brown; treasurer, Al Shockman; and
historian, Arthur Bilski.
Other features of the banquet were
a faculty welcoming speech by Dean
Joseph Bursley, a short talk by re-
tiring president Jim Germanson, and
an incoming class response by Merile
Brown, who spoke in behalf of the
new pledge class. Retiring Vice-
President Eugene Stubbs was toast-

Japanese government to have been
made by the American aviators were
in fact made, they could only have
been extorted fabrications."
After calling on Tokyo to abide by
its agreements, the communication
closed with its promise of punish-
ment which left no doubt this coun-
try expects, soon or late, to be able
to mete it out.
Director Elmer Davis of the Office
of War Information said the promise
to punish those responsible for the
executions covers civilians as well
as military personnel but does not
extend to the Emperor of Japan.
Davis said it was his opinion that no
subordinate had ordered the execu-
tions without the consent of high
government officials, who would be
held responsible for the act.
Asked by reporters if this included
the emperor, he replied:
"I would not think so. I don't think
the emperor has anything more to
say about what goes on in Japan
than you or I."
Congress Voices
Indignant Protest
WASHINGTON, April 21.-()-
News that Japan has executed some
of the American fliers captured after
the bombing of Tokyo brought indig-
nant comment in Congress today and
predictions it will arouse the Ameri-
can people to a greater fighting
Speaker Rayburn (Dem.-Tex.)
called it "so gruesome that it defies
comment," and House minority lead-
er Martin (Rep.-Mass.) said, "It is
shocking to realize that any nation
could be so barbarous."
"It will strengthen the determina-
tion of the American people to fight
this war to complete victory," Martin
added. "That action will be avenged."
Chairman Connally (Dem.-Tex.)
of the Foreign Relations Committee
described the action as "brutal and
savage and a violation of all interna-
tional law-it will bring down upon
the perpetrators the merited con-
demnation of history."
In New York, Mme. Chiang Kai-
Shek, wife of the Chinese General-
issima, said that the execution of the
American flyers "comes as no sur-
prise to us Chinese who have wit-
nessed the calculated cruelty perpe-
trated by the enemy on our own peo-
ple through the years, and especially
for the past six years."
Cigarette Drive
Approaches End
(Continued from Page 1)
Navy service departments at ports
of embarkation. The service depart-
ments will send the cartons abroad
with munition shipments without
Erwin Larsen, '45, chairman of .the
drive, reported today that the fra-
ternities and sororities are cooperat-
ing splendidly. "From the reports
we have," he said, "Sigma Chi, Phi
Delta Theta, Kappa Alpha Theta, Pi
Beta Phi, and Phi Gamma Delta
have contributed 100 per cent. When
the final reports come in we expect
other 100 per cent contributions," he
Larsen asked that dormitories,
fraternities, sororities, and league
houses have their house collections
made by tonight as Union members
are to start picking up individual
house contributions then.

U' Bond Drive,
Purchases Soar
To $105,100
The University is still moving
ahead in its Bond drive-figures
complied yesterday show d that the
University had purchase a total of
$105,100 to date.
"We still haven't exhausted all the
sales possibilities on campus, and
we'll establish an outstanding record
if people continue to buy as they
have in the past few days," Gordon
Griffith, campus chairman of the
drive, said yesterday.
The County is on its last lap to
fulfilling the quota. Yesterday, a
total of $5,545,308 in bonds had been
sold. This is 85 per cent of the quota
of $6,380,000.
Earl H. Cress, chairman of the
Victory Division, said that Ann Ar-
bor was far ahead of the average
totals of the nation.
The University record was compli-
mented by Fred E. Benz, city Gal-
lants chairman, who said the record
was one of the most impressive yet
achieved in the campaign.
So many bonds have been sold on
campus that the committee in charge
is having difficulty delivering the
bonds. If purchasers will call for
their bonds at the Cashier's office
it will help the committee a great
Hughes Points Out
View in England-
In Great Britain today there is
already a vast, sentiment toward the
internationalist point-of-view, Rev-
erend Daniel Hughes formerly of
Wales said last night at the panel
discussion sponsored by the Post-
War Council in the League.
Prof. William B. Willcox of the
history department said that because
of Anglo-Saxon dislike for blueprints
for the future, progress toward in-
ternationalism would probably evolve
gradually through the increasing col-
laboration between America and the
Dominions of the Commonwealth
and Russia which is growing out of
the war.
"Will Britain Hold Her Own," the
topic of the panel, was first presented
by Prof. Willcox and Reverand
Hughes after which the audience
questioned the speakers.
Gold Union life membership pins
will be available the rest of the sem-
ester to all seniors who have been
Michigan Union members for four
years. A pin may be obtained by
calling for it at the Business Office
on the basement floor of the Union
today or any day from 8 a.m. to 5
p.m. except Saturday when the of-
fice will be open from 8 a.m. till noon.

British Score
Triumphs in
Tunisian Sector
(Continued from Page 1)
"Four enemy counterattacks have
been repulsed," said the communi-
que. "Fighting continues."
Field dispatches said Enfidaville
fell without opposition after a British
column raced around the city on its
coastal side.
(Official Axis communiques had
not conceded the loss of Enfidaville
but Capt. Ludwig Sertorius, Berlin
radio commentator, appeared to be
preparing the public for such an an-
nouncement. In a broadcast record-
ed by the Associated Press he said
General Montgomery had concen-
trated huge numbers of reserves for
an assault on the Axis anchor point,
and that the battle for the city
Wednesday afternoon still was going
on although "with changing for-
(Sertorius again stressed the "gi-
gantic masses" of Allied war material
and said that Allied air superiority
also made it "a rather unequal strug-
Sleet and snowstorms closed over
a large part of the Axis mountain
strongholds in northeastern Tunisia
to restrict the great Allied - aerial
offensive which yesterday was direc-
ted at smashing the last fighter fields
available to the enemy.
The communique said 27 Axis
planes were destroyed yesterday at a
cost of eight Allied aircraft. Along
with other planes shot down on pre-
vious days but not reported before,
this score boosted to 151 the total of
enemy planes destroyed in the last
three days.
Water Works
School To Hold
Final Meeting
The final session of the Water
Works School on Wartime Mainten-
ance of the Water Service will be
held at 1:30 p.m. today in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre.
At a dinner in the Union last
night, State Senator George E. Mc-
Callum, Acting Chief Sanitary Engi-
neer for the O.C.D. in Washington,
and Harry E. Jordan, nationally
known engineer who is secretary of
the American Water Works Associa-
tion, addressed the group.
Two Universityhprofessors spoke at
sessions of the school yesterday. Prof.
Russell A. Dodge of the engineering
mechanics department spoke on
"Hydraulics of the Distribution Sys-
tem" at the morning meeting and
Prof. William C. Hoad discussed
"Wartime Problems" at the after-
noon session.
The three-day conference was
sponsored by the O.C.D., the Ameri-
can Water Works Association, and
the Michigan Conference on Water


How. to sav
in your own home
THERE is no shortage of electricity in this area. But
electric power turns the wheels in thousands of war
plants, producing planes and tanks and guns. Horse-
power is WAR POWER- and should not be wasted.
Here are a few simple rules for saving electricity in
your own home:
If you have an electric range, use the waterleis cooking
method wherever possible. (Half-a-cup is ample for most
vegetables. Dont waste electricity heating up large quan-
tities of water.) Plan thrifty oven meals: Cooking a
whole meal at one time is economical and saves time.
Many of the new "meat-extender" recipes are tasty oven
dishes. Use LOW heat to finish most of your surface
cooking, after foods have reached the steaming point.
Practice the same care with your other electric appli.
ances. Don't leave them turned on and then go away and
forget them (your electric iron or toaster, for example),
Disconnect the plug when they are temporarily not in
use. Keep your electric refrigerator at top efficiency.
(The better its condition, the less time itiwill run!) De-
frost regularly, and locate it away from heat sources.
Get the most light from your lamps and fixtures by
keeping them free from dust. Wipe lamp bulbs fre-
quently, also refletor bowls and ceiling fixtures. Nst
steals light and wastes as much as one-third of the elec-
tricity you pay for. Avoid dark-colored lamp shades (they
sa iz tI v n mmt use them. trwitt tini tb.m


Mrs. Budge de Budge
Society Matron, says



I 'I I \ I I - - I I * I LIII

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