VOL. LIII No. 142 N ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, APRIL 18, 1943
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Harmon Is Safe
but Details re
Orders 'Job Freeze'
Of One Million
Daily, Union Sponsor
Campaign To Raise
Smokes for Soldiers
With its goal set at one million
cigarettes for our boys overseas, the
five day "Share your Smokes" drive
sponsored by the Union and The
Daily will officially begin tomorrow.
Due to the offer of a tobacco com-
pany to relinquish its profits, every
five cents contributed to the drive
will send a pack of cigarettes to some
American serviceman abroad.
Coin collection containers have
already been distributed to all dor-
mitories, sororities and fraternities,
and for those who are not reached
in this way, starting tomorrow and
throughout the entire drive similar
'Share you Smoke" containers will
be found at the Engineering Arch,
the Diagonal and University Hall.
Every student is urged to con-
tribute not one, but as many nick-
els as possible by one of these
Turned over to Army and Navy
,service departments in 50carton-
package lots, the cigarettes which
we contribute will be, shipped by
these departments to American
fighting units overseas.
The usual revenue taxstamp which
seals cigarette packs, will be sup-
planted by a red white and blue
slip reading, "Good Luck, Good
Body, University of MTichigan, Ann
Of the $500 goal at which the drive
it aimed, $250 will be asked of the
Turn to Page 8, Col. 2
PAUL V. McNUTT
. . . War Manpower Commis-
sioner, yesterday 'froze' to their
jobs some 27,000,000 workers en-
gaged in essential occupations, in-
U' Passes 75 Percent
Mark of Given Quota
As County Sales Spurt
Interest in the bond drive is sweep-
ing the campus-the elevator boy in
the League sells a bond as he takes
someone up, student associations di-
vert money usually spent for social
functions into bonds and faculty
members convert all their spare cash
into "insurance for the future."
Last Lap Reached
All of this has pushed the campus
War Loan Drive to the last lap to-
ward achieving its total. Yesterday
when the figures were. added the
University had filled more than 75
per cent of its quota. Figures, yes-
terday, showed that the County had
filled 65 per cent of its $638,000,000
The sale of "E" Bonds is falling
below the estimated amount for this
series. The larger denomination
bonds are filling the quotas. Mr.
Warren F. Cook, head of the County
Drive, warned that everyone must
double his "E" bond purchases if
"the drive is to succeed in safeguard-
ing the nation against post-war in-
West Quad Invests
Money usually spent by West Quad
for dances and other social activities
will buy bonds. Their council voted
unanimously to invest $400 in gov-
ernment bonds. Chief Residence Ad-
viser Peter A. Ostafin said that the
council had received the money from
coke and candy machines and- that
the purchase of bonds had meant
cutting the West Quad's social life
down to Spartan specifications.
University Chairman of the bond
drive, Gordon Griffith, advised, stu-
dents and faculty members who were
buying bonds to notify his commit-
tee so that the University would be
STOCKHOLM, April 17-(/P)-The
secret Polish radio in occupied Po-
land reported today that a Polish
underground soldier on April 9 had
killed Kurt Hoffman, chief of the
German Labor Office in Warsaw, and
26 Million Workers
Must Obey Ruling or
Face Heavy Penalties
By CHARLES MOLONY
WASHINGTON, April 17.-(/P)-
Acting under orders from President
Roosevelt, War Manpower Commis-
sioner McNutt tonight clamped a
modified "job-wage freeze" order on
about half of the nation's 52,000,000
civilian workers and made violations
a criminal offense.
His order, effective at one minute
after Saturday midnight, just four
hours after he announced it, was
backed by penalties as great as a
thousand dollar fine and a year in
prison for violations either by em-
employers or employes.
Essential Workers Affected
Directly affected are the 27,000,000
persons now employed in essential
activities, including agriculture.
These were forbidden to shift to
a non-essential employer or from
one essential employer to another
at a higher salary or wage rate-de-
termined on a pay-per-hour basis-
unless they have been out of the first
employer's pay for 30 days or more.
An exception was made for shifts
from one essential employer to an-
other where either the old or new
work is to be performed in an area
where the War Manpower Commis-
sion has put into effect on "employ-
ment stabilization program," often
described as a "job-freeze plan."
May Shift If Released
In these cases, the shift may be
made for higher pay if the old em-
ployer will release the worker or
the War Manpower Commission
grants the release itself on the
ground that the old employment did
iot make full-time use of the worker
at his highest skill.
Throughout the country, workers
employed in non-essential activities
can move freely to other non-essen-
tial employers or essential employers
who offer higher pay.
Bre men Base
At Heavy Cost
LONDON, April 17.-(G)-Ameri-
can heavy bombers, flying unescorted
in strong force, smashed at the Ger-
man Focke-Wulfe fighter plane fac-
tory at Bremen today and shot down
more than 50 enemy planes enroute,
but the bold 800-mile round trip
cost the United States an unprece-
dented raid toll of 16 four-engincd
The renewed campaign to flatten
Germany's armament industry also
cost the British a record loss of 55
bombers last night out of a force
of more than 600 attacking the great
Skoda Works at Pilsen in Nazi-oc-
cupied Czechoslovakia and the in-
dustrial twin cities of Mannheim and
Ludwigshaven on the Rhine.
The Berlin radio immediately seiz-
ed upon the opportunity to exploit
what it termed "sensational German
defensive successes," pointing out in
a broadcast recorded by the Asso-
ciated Press that continental ground
defenses have "become a redoubtable
adversary of the RAF."
Gary Ghost Reported Alive In Jungle, Buddy Missing
LIEUT. TOM HARMON
Michigan's immortal grid star, reported missing in a jungle crash
April 8, has made his way'to a South American air base, the Army dis-
closed yesterday. Harmon was flying a bomber lettered 'Old 98,' tht
number which he made famous on the football field.
LIEUT. F. 0. WIETING
. Lieut. Tom Harmon's buddy
and co-pilot, of Lansing, who is
believed to have been with Har-
mon in the 'Old 98' when it crashed
somewhere in the Brazilian jungle.
No word as to his fate has yet
been received by his attractive
young wife, Mrs. Betty Wieting.
*~ * *
* * *
'OLD 98' COMES THROUGH AGAIN:
Harmon Safely Escapes Jungle
By LEON GORDENKER
Somewhere at a South American
air base, perhaps half-hidden by the
jungle which meets the sea, Lieut.
Tom Harmon was reported safe yes-
His big bomber -"Old 98"-had
been missing since April 8, but the
All-American halfback had made
his way to an airfield from the Bra-
That news lifted the aura of sad-
ness, of doubt and half-despairing
thought that lay over his parents'
home here since Wednesday when
Harmon was'reported missing.
I Parents Are Happy
"We had almost given up hope for
Tom when we found out he was
safe," Mrs. Louis Harmon, his moth-
er, said yesterday.
She smiled happily when she told
how at 8:30 a.m. yesterday she an-
RETURN BAD MEDICINJ
swered the telephone call which
brought news of her famous son's1
"It was pretty tough to think of
Tom lost," Louis Harmon, his father,
said. "But now I feel wonderful. I
think it's the best news I ever had."
Prayers Are Answered
Mr. and Mrs. Harmon had just re-
turned from receiving communion at
St. Mary's Catholic Student Chapel
which Tom attended as a student
when they heard news of their son.
It seemed to them an answer to their
Soon after the word came Mrs.
Harmon sent the following cable-
gram to her son:
"Thank God, you're safe. We're
all so happy. We're all home together.
I've talked to Elyse."
Elyse is Elyse Knox, a motion
picture actress with whom Tom's
Men To Be
The qualifying examination for
100 Navy V-1 Reservists and 40 men
in the Marine Reserve is scheduled
at 9 a.m. Tuesday .in the Rackham
This examination is the screening
test originally announced under the
V-1 program to select men for fur-
ther college training.
The examination will be given in
two parts Tuesday. The first session
runs for two hours beginning at 9
a.m. with the second portion running
from 2 to 4:30 p.m. All reservists are
asked to report promptly at each
This test is required of all men
in the V-1 reserve who will have
completed four college semesters
by June 1. Men on higher academic
level or pre-dental students are
technically excused, according to
a Navy bulletin received this week
by the War Board.
The Navy bulletin further urged
that these excused men write the ex-
amination of their own volition.
In commenting on the order Bur-
ton Thuma, armed service represent-
ative said, "In the event that the
Navy finds these men (registered
pre-medical and pre-dental stu-
Turn to Page 7, Col. 6
Tokio Bombing Amiversary
Celebrated by America Today
WASHINGTON, April 17.-(P)-A
thrill ran down your spine a year ago
It was barely four months after
Pearl Harbor, and things seemed
pretty dark. That day's War De-
partment communique told of fight-
ing at Corregidor, Cebu, Panay, and,
said, "There is nothing to report
from other areas."
But there was something to report.
That day American fliers bombed
Warred on Home Ground
The United States had carried the
war to Japan's home grounds.
First reports of the raid came from
the Tokyo Radio, and did not say
immediately that the planes were
American-but there was widespread
belief a year ago that the aircraft
must have been ours, and an inclina-
tion to accept, for once, part of a
And Americans, saddened by the
dark days of Philippine warfare, felt
a thrilling surge of "Now we're giv-
ing some of their own medicine."
Confirmed Raid in May
Not until May 10 did the War De-
partment confirm that American
planes made the raid. Nine days
later Brig. Gen. James H. Doolittle
was disclosed as the leader of the
venture. Even today many of the
facts are not known-the Office of
War Information planned to make
the full story public this week-end or
shortly thereafter, but Director El-
mer Davis announced last night:
Esson M. Gale of the political science
department yesterday in commenting
on the first anniversary of the Doo-
little raid on Tokyo, April 18, 1942.
On a govermnent mission to West
China, Prof. Gale was in Chungking,
China's war-time capital, at the time
of the raid and had first hand and
immediate knowledge of its effects.!
Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek
has made a most urgent plea for im-
mediate further aid, and said that'
Free China is facing a more difficult
situation than at any time since the
beginning of the war in 1937, ac-
cording to Prof. Gale.
He said that there is a wide dif-
ference between the policy of the
State Department and public opinion
in the United States on the question
of aid to China.
Turn to Page 8, Col. I
Are Officially Out
The Union will officially inaugur -
ate today its new-born policy of
As a result of a recent Union
Board decree, "bachelor Sundays"
were stricken off the record in favor
of permitting dates to use Union fa-
cilities on Sabbath evenings.
The Union boys gave it a tenta-
tive trial on March 14. The trial
name has been linked romantically.
Her picture is on a desk in Tom's
Mr. Harmon reflected again the
confidence that he had shown when
Tom was announced missing.
"Yes, if he was on land, I knew he
had a chance, but I was afraid he
had fallen at sea. I guess you just
can't stop that guy," he said.
Harmon Family Ilests
The effects of sleepless nights and
the turbulent emotions of losing and
finding a son showed on the Harmon
family. Even though the War De-
partment had not yet officially
notified them, Mr. and Mrs. Harmon
went to bed to get the sleep they had
missed since Wednesday night.
Campus reaction came to the
beautiful home Tog had built for
his parents through the incessant
jangling of the telephone. Tom's
friends and admirers kept the line
busy through the entire day asking
for more news.
One early visitor was Coach Fritz
Crisler on whose teams Harmon
played All-American football, "I
knew that he would show up safe and
sound," Crisler said.
Mrs. Harmon disclosed that a let-
Turn to' Page 2, Col. 4
Post -War Aims
Michigan schoolmasters yesterday
ended their three-day conference
with a series of group discussions on
educational problems resulting from
T. D. Rice, of Lansing, earmarked
the main problem of post-war edu-
cation to be a question of keeping
our plan for the post-war world real-
istic now, current to the lives of the
Lois Waterman, of East Grand
Rapids said, "It seems that the edu-
cation we need for the post-war peri-
od is the education we've been need-
ing in the past years. There are
four fundamentals for every work-
able education system: students must
have the facts before they can be
taught to think clearly; they must
be taught the difference between
theirtconvittions and their preju-
dices; teachers are obliged to analyze
the four freedoms; and an under-
standing of democratic procedures
must be presented."
Stanley E. Dimond, of Detroit;
emphasized the need for community
education. He added, "A great deal
more time should be spent in the
study of the period from 1914 to the
Fate of Co-Pilot and
Crew, Exact Location
And Date of Bomber
Crash Not Disclosed
As excitement over the news of
Tom Harmon's return to safety sub-
sided, friends here in Ann Arbor as
well as students who knew him only
as the All-American gridiron hero
await further details to fill the gaps
in the story with a happy ending.
Information released by the War
Department in Washington did not
reveal where he had crashed, or
when, or where he was now resting.
It said only that he had been found
safe in a South American jungle.
Fate of Crew Mystery
The fate of the rest of the crew,
including Lieut. Frederick 0. Wiet-
ing, co-pilot on the football star's
flight from the United States two
weeks ago, was not disclosed.
Meanwhile Wieting's attractive
young wife, Mrs. Betty Wieting of
Lansing and Charlotte, Mich., main-
tained a telephone vigil last night
hoping for word that her husband,
like his flying mate, has survived the
bomber crash in the jungle wilds of
Lieutenant Wieting and the former
Betty Graves were married last July.
Mrs. Wieting expects to become a
mother "the latter part of July."
I Army Investigates Crash
Meanwhile, a board of Army offi-
cers is investigating the cause of the
Harmon, 23 years old last fall, was
All-American at' Michigan in 1939
and 1940. He enlisted In the Air
Corps in November, 1941, was in-
ducted in March, 1942, and received
his silver wings Oct. 20, 1942.
When Harmon crashed he was pi-
loting a bomber with "Old 98"
painted on its side. It was this same
number that the Gary Ghost had
worn on his jersey during three im-
mortal years as Wolverinc halfback.
13 Times m Day
Navy Reports Sccess
In Sea and Air Battles
WASHINGTON, April 17.-(P)-A
new peak in the aerial campaign
against Kiska-13 raids in a single
day-was reported today by the Navy
along with the sinking of five Japa-
nese ships and the damaging of two
more by our Pacific submarines.
The underwater operations against
enemy shipping brought to 148 the
total of Japanese vessels the Navy
has announced as sunk in the Pa-
cific. In addition 24 have been prob-
ably sunk and 42 have been dam-
aged. Today's communiquelisted the
definite Victims as one large supply
ship, two medium-sized cargo ships,
one large mine layer and one small
Besides these a destroyer and a
medium-sized transport were dam-
aged. The communique said the ac-
tions took place in "Pacific and Far
Both medium and heavy bombers
struck 13 times Thursday in the
campaign to keep Japan from con-
verting Kiska Island into an Aleutian
air base. They bombed the enemy's
camp, runway and hangars.
Numerous fires and explosions re-
sulted from the raids, which cost
attacking United States forces one
When from out the paleface wig-
From behind the staring moonface
Comes the slow and solemn four
Telling that the evening spirit
Wanders o'er the woods and
Lights the campfires of the heavens,
Then the Michigamua warriors
*DOCTOR ON TRIAL:
Is Koch A Miracle Medical Man
By VIRGINIA ROCK
Dr. William F. Koch may be the
modern miracle man of science to
some people, but to doctors at the
University Hotpital he has still to
prove that his drugs-Glyoxylide and
Benzoquinone - are all they're
cracked up to be.
Dr'. Koch, who is being tried in De-
troit by the Government for misrep-
which nothing else seemed to help,
was improved, and even a condition
of sugar diabetes was alleviated.
To add to this, a doctor from Cali-
fornia has stated that Koch's "Gly-
oxylide" would restore the cauliflow-
er ears of boxers to normal size and
appearance, and Dr. Omer G. Hague
of Winnipeg has maintained that
the drug would expedite the growth
no single drug known to medical
science which is able to cure eye con-
ditions and complications resulting
allergy, infections or cancer,"-all
of which Dr. Koch has claimed his
drugs can do.
"Didn't you refuse to put Dr.
Koch's drugs to a scientific test after
you had promised to do so?" the de-
fense attorney asked Dr. Reed M.