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April 04, 1943 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-04-04

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VOL. L I No. 130 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, APRIL 4, 1943

PRICE FIVE CENTS

13 Billion Sought
In War Loan Drive
Beginning April 12
Government Sponsors Biggest Finance
Operation in History; Newspapers Will
Have Main Role in Second Campaign,
By JAMES D. WHITE
Associated Press Correspondent
WASHINGTON, April 3.- The nation's newspapers are coming to you
for $13,000,000,000 more-for Uncle Sam.
It's the second war loan drive, due to begin Monday, April 12. News-
papers have been assigned a leading part in conducting it.
The government calls it the biggest war financing operation in history.
Its initial stages will last about three weeks, and it is designed to sell
the American public $13,000,000,000 worth of war bonds.
Divide that figure by the number of people in the United States, and
you arrive at the conclusion that-on the average-about $100 worth of
bonds will have to be sold for every

Yank Infantry Renews Flank Attack

To Smash AXIS

Wedge at El Guetar

man, woman and child in the coun-
try if the goal is met.
Secretary Morgenthau and Frank
E. Tripp, president of the Allied
Newspaper Council, said in a com-
munication to all newspapers:
"The people of your community
look first to the newspapers for lead-
ership when united action is needed
and this loan can only succeed
through such action. Speaking for
the Treasury and the Allied Newspa-
per Council, 4ve ask you, therefore,
to give this drive your enthusiastic
support both in your news and edi-
torial columns and by enlisting spon-
sored advertising support."
Goals Cited
The Treasury is floating the second
war loan to:
1. Finance the war.
2. Help avoid inflation.
To meet the $13,000,000,000 goal,
the Treasury says you can help if
you:
1. Divert into the purchase of ex-
tra bonds every cent not absolutely
needed for food, shelter and other
necessities of life for th three weeks
beginning April 12.
2. Buy at least one extra bond each
week for that period.
3. Forego some of the things you
have been planning to buy.
4. Buy bonds beyond those you
may be buying through pay roll sav-
ings or regular bond purchases.
Both the Treasury and the news-
paVrs arp getting set to put over
thi biggest of all war bond drives.
Program Begun
You get some idea of its scope
when you realize that to date Ameri-
cans have bought about $14,000,000,-
000 in War Bonds since the govern-
ment began selling them in May,
1941.
Under the direction of Secretary
Morgenthau, the Treasury has map-
ped full plans to launch the drive
with the aid of the American press,
radio, advertising and motion pic-
ture industries.
The press got going two weeks ago
when leading publishers and repre-
sentatives of the publishing and press
associations met with Secretary Mor-
genthau and heard his explanation
of the drive, the need for it, and how
it is to be conducted.

Bond Committee'
Urges Students
To Fill Quota
"We intend to contact every person
on campus, those connected with the
staff and every student, and shod,
them the necessity of investing in
War Bonds," Gordon Griffith, chair-
man of the University Drive, said*
yesterday challenging the campus to
aid in the gigantic national War
Loan Drive.
His committee will push the sale
of Series "E" Bonds, the smallest de-
nomination to be sold, which has
been most popular with the public.
Women's Group Will Organize
Miss Ethel McCormick, social di-
rector of the League said yesterday
that a women's organization designed
to handle student sale of bonds would
be organized on April 5 when the new
central committee for JGP would
take over. The Juniors have been
selling stamps all year, and "we shall
strongly urge that e the women fill
their stamp books this month and
turn them in to Mr. Griffith's com-
mittee," Miss McCormick said.
Natalie Mattern, '45, recently re-
turned from a national conference on
"Stabilization or Inflation" in Wash-
ington, D.C., as the representative
of the University and the Michigan
League. Her report will be turned
into the League on Monday and the
League Council will act upon her sug-
gestions.
Conference To Help Drive
The conference was called to stim-
ulate interest in current economic
problems and to help in the bond
drive.
Student organizations as well as
the faculty are urged to buy their
bonds through the University com-
mittee so that the "tremendous quota
may be filled. "We are confident that
we can fill our quota," Mr. Griffith
said, but warned that many organiza-
tions would be approaching every
person and urged that the bonds be
purchased on campus.

Coeds' Drive I
For Red Cross
Is Successful
Local Campaign Nets
$67.90 Above Quota
For Campus Groups
Reporting an amount of $67.90 in
excess of their $2500 quota, the Uni-I
versity women concluded their RedI
Cross membership drive yesterday.,
The campaign was launched early
in March under the direction of Ger-
afdine Stadelman, '44. Marion Bas-
kette, '44, was in charge of the con-I
tributions from sororities, while Aud-(
rey Bratman, '43, headed league andI
co-op houses, and Florence Turin,1
'44, took care of funds turned in by
dormitories.
In 32 women's residences every
member subscribed to a $1.00 mem-
bership. Included in this total were
11 league houses, 15 sororities, and
six dormitories. In addition to these
houses there were many others which
also neared this 100 per cent mem-
bership goal.
Of the total amount turned in,
$772.07was donated by sororities,
$1237.16 by dormitories, $453.17 by
league houses, $39.80 by co-operative
houses, and $65.70 was charged to
miscellaneous. Collegiate Sorosis
topped all other sorority houses with
A contribution of $262.50.
The drive conducted by the Uni-
versity men was brought to a close
over a week ago, when it was an-
nounced that they had exceeded their
$1,000 quota by $600.
Slosson Speech
To Keynote Post
War Conference,
"Looking Toward Victory" is the
topic of the semi-annual Post-War
Conference sponsored by the Post-
War Council on Friday and Saturday.
The two-day session will be key-
noted by an address by Prof. Preston
W. Slosson of the history department
on "International Government" at 8
p.m. Friday in the Rackham auditori-
ui.
Four panels will take place simul-
taneously at 1:30 p.m. Saturday at
the Union. At the close of each panel
students present will draw up a res-
olution expressing the conclusions
which were reached in the discussion.
There is no charge for either the
panels or Prof. Slosson's address.
Will Discuss Anarchy
Prof. Harold J. McFarland of the
geodesy and surveying department,
Albert K. Stevens of the English de-
partment, and Prof. Lionel H. Laing
of the political science department
will discuss "The Abolition of Inter-
national Anarchy" in Room 316. Ho-
bart Taylor, '43L, will act as student
chairman.
"The Constitutional Form of a Pro-
posed International Government" will
be discussed by Prof. Clark Dickinson
of the economics department, Prof.
John F. Shephard of the psychology
department and Prof. Harold M. Dorr
of the political science department in
Room 318. Harold Sokwitne will be
student chairman.
Slosson To Lead Panel
The panel led by Prof. Preston W.
Slosson of the history department and
Max Dresden of the physics depart-
ment will deal with "The Principles of
Boundary Determination" in Room
305. Student chairman will be Bill
Muehl, '43L.
"Global-education" will be the topic
discussed by Prof. Richard C. Fuller

of the sociology department, Prof.
Claude Eggertsen of the education
school, Dr. Edward W. Blakeman,
counselor in Religious Education,
Prof. Mentor L. Williams of Eng-
lish department and Henry Curtis of
Ann Arbor. Marvin Borman, '44, will
be student chairman.
RAF Bombs France
In 24-Hour Attacks
LONDON. April 3. -(P)-- Heavy

Five Professors
Seek Offices in
City Elections
Young, Brumm Are
Opponents in Mayorial
Race; Wards Contested
Two University professors, Prof.
Leigh J. Young and Prof. John L.
Brumm, will oppose each other for
the office of mayor of Ann Arbor
in tomorrow's election.
Professor Young, the incumbent,
is professor of silviculture in the
School of Forestry. He is running
on the Republican ticket. Professor
Brumm, the Democratic candidate, is
head of the journalism department.
Three Other Professors Run
Three other University professors
are also running for office. John H.!
Muyskens (Dem.), associate professor
of phonetics in the speech depart-
ment, is opposing the incumbent,
Fred L. Arnet (Rep.) for alderman
of the third ward. Prof. John B.
Waite of the Law School, the Repub-
lican incumbent, is opposed by
George B. Brigham, Jr., (Dem.) as-
sociate professor of architecture, in
the sixth ward aldermanic contest.
In the state elections there are
six candidates for the two posts of
University regent. The candidates
are R. Spencer Bishop and Ralph
Hayward, Republican; Dr. Ira Dean
McCoy and Charles F. Nugent, Dem-
ocratic; and George A. Emerich and
Enos A. Potts, Prohibition ticket.
All municipal offices other than
that of the mayor are uncontested.
City Clerk Fred C. Perry and Council
President Glenn L. Alt, both Republi-
cans, are unopposed as is Jay H.
Payne (Rep.) candidate for the newly
created post of municipal judge.
Ward Candidates Unopposed
The majority of ward candidates!
are also unopposed. There will be
four aldermanic contests, three con-
tests for the position of supervisor,
and two candidates will contest for
a vacancy on the city council for the
seventh ward. If a
Campaigning has been light for all
offices and a small vote, only three
to four thousand, is expected. Polls
will open at 7 a.m. tomorrow and
remain open all day until 8 p.m.
Varied Candidates
In Reuents Election
A banker, paper manufacturer, aI
doctor and an attorney-two Repub-
licans and two Democrats-will fea-I
ture the race for two vacant positions
on the Board of Regents in tomor-
row's spring election.
Affirming a policy of putting war
aims and specialized training ahead
of immediate academic goals, Charles
P. Nugent, and Dr. Ira D. McCoy,
will run on the Demo'cratic ticket.
Bishop, Hayward Agree
R. Spencer Bishop and Ralph A.
Hayward are the Republican nomi-
nees, each of whom agrees that the
University should participate "to the
fullest in the war effort."
Attacking the policy of closed Re-
gent meetings, Dr. McCoy declared,
"I am unalterably opposed to
meetings of the Regents at which
decisions on public matters involv-
ing expenditure of public funds are
made behind closed doors."
Nugent is a resident of Detroit and
has been a member of the faculty of
the University of Detroit Law school
for the past six years. Both he and
McCoy were born in Pennsylvania
and have since achieved distinction
in the state of their adoption.
A graduate of the University Medi-
cal School in 1915, Dr. McCoy took

up his practice in Bad Axe after serv-
ing in the first World War.
Bishop is now holding an interim
appointment on the Board of Regents
by virtue of his selection by Gov.
Kelly last January to fill a vacancy.
Wartime Education Is First
Declaring the principal problem be-
fore schools today is war-time educa-
tion, Bishop said, "I am in hearty
accord with the splendid program
being developed by President Alex-
ander G. Ruthven."
Hayward held a professorship here

Eisenhower Reports 'Progress'
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General Dwigt Eisenhower, Allied Comander in NorthArica'
(insert) *returned from the front to report "Progress satisfactory" on the
Tunisian front. The British Eighth Army is chasing Rommel north Of"
Gabes. Violent fighting was reported near Fondouk in the central
region. Airmen kept up a steady assault of the 'coast north of Gabes
and Rommel flew in fresh troops to bolster his Afrika Korps.
BEST CAMPUS TALENT I*
Proees T G
To Bo-berScholrshi Fun
73 1 74>

Allies Try
To Cut Nazi
Sea Escape
Enemy Mine Fields
Block Patton's Tanks
In Southern Sector
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTH AFRICA, April 3.- Grim
waves of American Infantry beat
today against the rugged and heav-
ily-mined Axis defenses protecting
Marshal, Rommel's inland flank
which lay wedged between the
United States Army Corps to the
west and the British Eighth Army on
the Gulf of Gabes.
On the steep slopes of the barren
brown hills east of El Guetar, Lieut.-
Gen. George S. Patton, Jr., renewed
his attacks to clean the enemy out
of positions now blocking the expec-
ted junction of the Americans with
the British.
Yanks Bid for Break-Through
The Americans, who learned the
art of war the hard way against the
most skilled opposition, made a sud-
den bid for a break-through early
yesterday when a tank column tra-
versed a narrow track across an en-
emy mine field along a road leading
toward the coast.
Many German tanks immediately
counterattacked, however, and the
American armor pulled back to let
the Infantry resume operations to-
ward widening a gap in the enemy
defenses.
Front dispatches reported some
German Panzers were knocked out
and several others were damaged be-
fore the tank battle was broken off.
Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, Al-
lied commander in North Africa, re-
turned from the Tunisian fronts to
report that British, American and
French forces were "continuing to
make satisfactory progress" in their
campaign to smash the Axis -out of
Africa.
Eisenhower Confers with Alexander
In his tour of the Tunisian battle-
ground Gen. Eisenhower conferred
both with Gen. Sir Harold Alexan-
der, commander of all Allied ground
forces in the war theatre, and Gen.
Sir Bernard L. Montgomery, whose
rugged British Eighth Army flanked
and cracked the Mareth fortifica-
tions. He also inspected the Mareth
works, now deserted and many miles
back of the scene of present fighting.
American attacks against heavy
Axis concentrations in the hills and
passes along Tunisia's dorsal range
from Fondouk to the El Guetar area
in the central sector were reported
continuing, but with little progress
made.
Red Army

Allied Subs Attack Jap Ships;.
Bombers Sink Two Cruisers

"It is a Symphony in song-it willg
benefit the Bomber Scholarship Fund,
and it presents a major portion of the
campus musical talent," boasts Man-V
power Corps ticket sellers when they
approach their prospective audiencer
for Singtime to be presented thisI
Thursday in Hill Auditorium.,
The program has been planned tot
be the most varied of music fare and
will range from the religious chants
on through collegiate "pep" songs and
climaxing with modern classical jazz.
Proved Its Merit
In its preview in Detroit the con-
cert proved its merit and gained the
praise of an alumni audience whor
were especially impressed with the
bravado and power that blazed
through the arrangement, "The Yel-
low and Blue." December 7, 1941. This
number reflects the change in student
life since Pearl Harbor.
With the Easter season approach-
ing the Michigan Women's Glee Club
will be joined by the Men's Chorus in
presenting music appropriate for the
occasion in a paraphrase of IrvingC
Berlin's "Easter Parade."
Sawyer Will Play
Bill Sawyer's orchestra is dedicat-
ing a medley of patriotic tumes to
the Michigan men and women serving
in the Nation's armed forces, and
since the Manpower Corps ticket or-,
ganization is offering the tickets tot
soldiers on campus at half price the
music will be especially suitable.
Envisioning the day when Michi-
Times Poll its
Underclassmen
Shows Ignorance of
American History
NEW YORK, April 3.-(P)-Thej
New York Times will say in its Sun-
day editions tomorrow that "college
freshmen throughout the nation re-
veal a striking ignorance of even the
most elementary aspects of United
States history."
The newspaper conducted a survey
of 7,000 students in 36 colleges, and
found out, among many other things,
that:
Only 6 per cent could name the
original 13 states.
Only 44 per cent could name any
two specific powers granted to Con-
gress by the United States Consti-
tution.
Just 12 per cent could identify An-
drew Jackson's place in political, so-

gan will again be a campus of civil-'
ian men and women the Glee Club'
will sing "When Johnny Comes
Marching Home Again," and in sad
remembrance they will also sing "My
Buddy."
Giving the title to the concert are
the modern light symphonies, "On the
Trail," and "Rhapsody in Blue."
"Singtime-a Symphony in Song"
will close with "When Night Falls,
Dear," and "The Yellow and Blue."
Nila Magidoff
Talks Saturday
War Veteran To Tell
Experiences in Russia
Mrs. Nila Magidoff, fighting repre-
sentative of Russian women and vet-
eran of the Battle of Moscow, will
describe her experiences in war-torn
Russia at 8 p.m., Saturday in the
Rackham Auditorium.
Mrs. Magidoff, now in the midst of
a nation-wide speaking tour spons-
ored by Russian War Relief, Inc., is
the Russian-born wife of NBC's cor-
respondent in Moscow and was in that
city when the Germans launched
their 'invasion. She immediately
plunged into war work, serving as an
air raid warden, building sand bag
protections for buildings, and guard-
ing roof tops from incendiary bombs.
Despite her desire to continue
fighting for her native land, she was
compelled to come to the United
States because of the regulation re-
quiring the wives and children of
American correspondents to be evacu-
ated.
Since her arrival in this country
she has lectured in hundreds of cities
in a campaign to raise $6,000,000 for
medical supplies to the Russian peo-
ple. "This is my war work;" she says,
"it is my contribution to the joint ef-
forts of my own country artd that of
my husband-Russia and America."
Tickets for the lecture may be ob-
tained at the Union, the League and
Wahr's bookstore.
Farm Bloc Plans
To Kill FDR's Veto
WASHINGTON, April 3. - UP) -
Congressional farm bloc leaders re.
doubled efforts tonight to line up the
two-thirds vote necessary to override

Destroyer, Transport,
Two Freighters Sunk
WASHINGTON, April 3-(4)-Suc-
cessful attacks on eight Japanese
ships, chiefly by American submar-
ines, were announced by the Navy
today as bombers of the Aleutians
command were reported maintaining
their heavy pounding of enemy forces
and installations on Kiska Island.
In a late communique, second of'
the day, the Navy said that American
submarines had sunk one enemy de-
stroyer and damaged another, had
sunk one large transport and two
medium,, sized freighters, damaged
and probably sunk a third and dam-
aged a fourth.
The eighth enemy vessel blasted
had been reported in an earlier com-
munique which said that Lightning
and Corsair fighters, presumably
from Guadalcanal Airfield, had at-
tacked and set on fire a small Japa-
nese cargo vessel at anchor off Vella
Lavella Island in the central Solo-
mons.
The latest action over Kiska oc-
curred Thursday, the communique
related, when a force of Army Libera-
toir and Mitchell medium bombers;

One Destroyer Sunk, Two
Hit in Pre-Dawn Attack
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
AUSTRALIA, April 4 (Sunday)-(P)
-Blasting at Japanese warships in
a devastating, pre-dawn raid, heavy
Allied bombers Saturday blew up two
enemy cruisers, left a destroyer sink-
ing, and damaged two others near
Kavieng, New Ireland, the High Com-
mand announced today.
The big bombers attacked from
head height and medium height with
their targets illuminated by flares,
sinking one light cruiser by four di-
rect hits with 500-pound bombs and
laying four more on a heavy cruiser
that exploded, flinging debris 400 feet
in the air.
A large destroyer was mortally
wounded in the savage attacks, two
othertdestroyers were damaged, and
two other warships were bombed but
results were not observed.
The attack upon the concentration
was pressed home while other bomb-
ers swept over the airdrome nearby,
neutralizing it. With Japanese air,
craft pinned down, the Allied planes

Wipes Out
450 Germans

LONDON, Sunday, April 4.-(O)-
The Red Army captured another town
in the Caucasus to tighten its semi-
circle around the Nazi bridgehead at
Novorossisk, wiped out 450 Germans
attacking the Donets River line and
also seized a crossing over that river,
Moscow announced early today.
The midnight communique record-
ed by the Soviet monitor -identified
the captured locality in the Caucasus
as Prikubansky, presumably in the
Anastasaevskaya area 33 miles north
of Novorossisk. Two hundred and
fifty Germans were killed, and three
guns and six mortars destroyed in the
action, it added.
Little essential change, however,
was reported in the long front be-
tween Lenningrad and the Caucasus
following the issue in Moscow yestery
of official maps illustrating the huge
strides made by the Russians during
the winter to regain 185,328 square
miles of territory.
The heaviest Donets River Battle in
the Ukraine occurred south of Izyum,
70 miles southeast of Kharkov, the
communique said. At this point where

4

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