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April 02, 1943 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-04-02

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Weater.
Probable Snow Flurrics

VOL. LUH No. 128

ANN ARBOR, MICIGAN, FRIDAY, APRIL 2, 1943

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Axis]
OCS Will Be
Established
Here in June
Eligible Lawyers Will
Have Opportunity To
Earn Lieutenant Bars
The present Judge Advocate Gen-
eral's School here will be expanded
to train eligible men in the ranks
beginning June 1, Col. E. H. Young,
the commanding officer, said last
night in clarifying a Washington
dispatch.
Under the present arrangement,
only commissioned officers are being
trained here. The new plan will per-
mit any man in the Army who is not
now a commissioned officer to meet
the requirements and be trained as a
Judge Advocate.
First School
This is the first Judge Advocate
General Central Officer Candidate
School to be established anywhere in
the history of this branch of the
Army, Col. Young said. -
"We will operate on a quarterly
system, graduating 150 men each
period," he said. "The men will be
brought in in staggered groups of
75 men each every six weeks to insti-
tute a rotating program."
Soldiers must have completed
basic military training, must be at
least 28 years old and must have a
law degree from a recognized insti-
tution to be eligible for the new
school. The War Department re-
lease stated that applicants with four
or more years of general practice will
be given preference.
Enlarged Personnel
The increased size of the Army has
made it necessary to enlarge the
Judge Advocate personnel, Col.
Young stated, and the new men will
be trained in the same manner as
we are now using.
The Judge Advocate General
School has been operating on cam-
pus since last September, and was
one of the first Army units to be
moved to the campus.
Upon graduation the men will be
commissioned second lieutenants in
the Judge Advocate branch of the
Army.
Party Splits
Over Tax Bill

Rushes

Rein forcements

to

Army and Navy Exams
Will Be Given Today

Weather Here or There-And They're Not Bee Hive

More than 500 University students
will participate in what has been
termed the largest examination pro-
gram in the country when they
write the combined Army-Navy ex-
amination at 9 a.m. today in the
Rackham Auditorium.
The test being administered here
by the University Division for Emer-
gency Training is a part of a na-
tion-wide program to select students
for both the Army's A-12 and Navy's
V-12 college training programs.
The same test will be given to men
interested in either service. It is
primarily a screening examination to
determine men of officer caliber.
Taking these examinations does
not constitute enlistment in either
the Army or the Navy. After the tests
are graded, those men who passed will
be informed and interviewed by the
service they choose.
If they are then accepted as spe-
cialized training candidates, they
will be assigned to approved colleges
for academic preparation in their
specialized fields.
To date the Army has only an-
nounced that the Universityhas been
approved as a training center. No
definite date or military arrangement
has been revealed.
The Navy will send more than 1,300
men here July 1 to begin their V-12
training. They will be barracked in
Ho use Hears
Lengthy Talk
On 'Decorum'
WASHINGTON, April 1.-(P)-The
House of Representatives spent the
best part of an hour today listening
to a lecture on how to behave.
While the veteran Representative
Dondero (Rep.-Mich.) expounded the
subject of "decorum in the House"
for the benefit of new members and
forgetful old-timers, galleryites made
these observations:
1. Several members leaned against
the brass railing in the rear of the
chamber and puffed cigars and cig-
arettes (this, Dondero pointed out in
his speech, is a clear violation of
Clause 7 of Rule 14).
2. By actual count at least 11
members were reading or folding
newspapers (which, Dondero cited,
flagrantly conflicts with the rules).
3. Several others propped their
feet against the seats 'in front of
them (a "clear and distinct breach
of the rules" according to Dondero).
4. One member walked between
Dondero and the membership (an-
other shattering of Rule 14).
The rules which were broken even
as the former mayor of Royal Oak
spoke were, he explained, among the
ones most often forgotten or ignored,
others including bans against leav-
ing the chamber while the speaker is
talking, and addressing a member
by name.
Hardly had Dondero finished when
a freshman member referred to Rep-
resentative May (Dem.-Ky.) as "Mr.
May," whereas he should have said
"the gentleman from Kentucky."
Dondero warned:
"If proper decorum is disregarded,
we deface and impoverish our sta-
tion in the eyes of those who pass
this way. The very stability of our
legislative acts may be thus threat-
ened."

the West Quadrangle and will use
University facilities for instruction.
According to present plans, the
Navy V-12 program will embrace V-1
and V-7 other than graduating sen-
iors and the Marin Reserve.
Production in
Chicago Ford
Plant Is Halted
600 UAW Members
Discuss Grievances
At 24 Hour Meeting
CHICAGO, April 1.- (P)- All
production work at the Ford Motor
Company's assembly plant here was
halted today by members of the CIO
United Automobile Workers union.
J. A. Adams, president of the Ford
local, reported that about 600 work-
ers had called a 24 hour meeting in
the plant lunchroom to discuss grie-
vances.
The meeting began at noon and
shortly afterward, Adams said, he
was discharged from his position as
building chairman, a job in which
he acted as an intermediary in the
settlement of management - labor
disputes.
The assembly plant, situated on
the South Side, was ready to go into
production on a war contract, Adams
said, asserting all production em-
ployes were members of the union.
Adams said the immediate contro-
versy was employment of two plant
protection men on the production
line. These men withdrew from the
Vnion to take plant protection jobs,
he stated, and #fter an independent
union won an NLRB election to be-
come bargaining agent for the pro-
tection workers, the men were put
back into production with a request
that the auto workers reinstate them
with full seniority rights.
Adams related that he had at-
tempted to negotiate the dispute all
day yesterday and this morning until
the workers decided to hold their 24-
hour meeting.
Maas Suggests Plan
To Slash Red Tape
WASHINGTON, April 1.- ()-A
"master war plan," providing that
the entire war program-Manpower,
Procurement and Production as well
as Military Strategy and Operation-_
shall be cleared through the joint
chiefs of staff, was proposed today
by Rep. Maas (Rep.-Minn.)
Ranking minority member of the
House Naval Committee and a flying
colonel in the Marine Corps Reserve,
he announced he would introduce
legislation to coordinate the various
war activities.
HOUSES SHOULD CLOSE
COLUMBUS, 0., April 1 (P)-
College fraternities confronted with
war-time loss of membership should
"close the moment it appears they
can't function normally," Dr. Alvan
Dueer of New York, former chairman
of the National Interfraternity Con-
ference, told a meeting of the Nation-
al Associations of Deans and Ad-
visers of Men today.

These shelters protect weather instruments used by weather observer students of the Army A
Technical Training command at Chanute Field, Ill.

Hershey Says'
Fathers May "Be
Drafted in July
No Changes in Present
Classification Seen
In Immediate Future
WASHINGTON, April l.--(A)-Se-
lective Service Director Lewis B. Her-
shey said today he would like to,
postpone induction of fathers as long
as possible, but acknowledged that
calling them is likely to begin about
July 1.''II
Hershey told a press conference
his desire to put off drafting fathers
was largely "sentimental." He said
the ban against their induction would
be lifted in advance of the time
they actually would be called up in
order to meet quotas.
A Current Consideration
Asked about reports that present
draft classifications might be over-
hauled, Hershey said the subject was
'currently and perpetually' under'
consideration but no changes have
been ordered thus far, at least.
Reports, emanating from informed
sources who declined to be named,
had said strong attention was being
directed to revising the classifications
so that:
All the childless married men
would be reclassified out of 3-A and
3-B to 1-A (available for induction
when their order numbers are reach-
ed) except those "individually essen-
tial" in their present jobs or those
whose induction would mean undue
hardship on dependents.
3-B To Be Eliminated
The 3-B classification, which now'
includes both fathers and childless
married mien engaged in essential
activities regardless of whether they
are "essential individuals, would be
eliminated.
The 3-A classification, now includ-
ing fathers and childless married
men in activities not listed on either
the "essential" or "non-deferrable"
list, would be reserved exclusively
for fathers, including those formerly
in 3-B.

RATIONED POLITICS:
Short 1residential Cam~
In: 1944. Proposed b
op d y Wal

Tunisia
Allies Throw
Aerial Fleet
Into Campaign
100 Flying Fortresses
Bash Enemy Supply
Station at Cagliari
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTH AFRICA, April 1.-The Axis
is desperately flying fresh troops into
Tunisia, it was disclosed today, and
the Allies have thrown a mighty,
overpowering aerial fleet into a cam-
paign, to forestall such reinforce-
ment, to wipe the enemy from Africa
and to destroy his potential means
of escape.
The presence of air-borne rein-
forcements for Marshal Erwin Rom-
mel's hard-pressed troops was re-
vealed with the capture of more than
700 Italians and German grenadiers
during a renewed American push
ir Force's east of El Guetar toward the coast..
Some of the prisoners said they had
been in Africa fewer than 10 days.
Four Motored Bombers Used
Nearly 100 Flying Fortresses, the
greatest force of the big four-
ln motored bombers ever massed for a
war operation, bashed the important
Axis supply base at Cagliari on Sar-
[ker 2" d:-J 2
Iker dinia yesterday, seriously crippling
its usefulness to the enemy, while
up to the swarms of other American and Brit-
ish planes turned Rommel's retreat
reporters. up the eastern Tunisian coast into a
nt Roosevelt nightmare of destruction.
,m?" he was Telling of the great blow at Cagli-
ari, an American pilot said: "If there
was anything we did not hit then it
.t must have been buried." "I saw
iates at this thousands of bombs bursting," said
hink it is a another. "They seemed to be ex-
now. It is ploding on every bit of the harbor."
point of the
evote all our No Allied Losses
he war." Any hope the Axis might have en-
er, that he tertained of using Cagliari as the
reement be- base for a "Dunkerque" evacuation
'ties to limit of divisions now enclosed in a great
erhaps Sep- Allied trap apparently were wiped
th the con- out by the concentrated assault of
er than the the Fortresses, which hit five mer-
chant ships and 21 smaller craft,
damaged or destroyed 71 enemy
planes aground and in the air, and
spread acres of fire across the city's
port area. Not a Fortress nor an
escorting Lightning Fighter was lost
re from the raid-adequate proof of the
Allies' control of the air over North
Africa and the Mediterranean.
h Rommel's Forces Going North
The bulk of Rommel's forces try-
ing to beat their way north for a
junction with Col. Gen. Jurgen Von
Arnim's troops were reported today
continuing their tortured retreat un-
der a rain of bombs and bullets while
a rear guard dug in about 24 miles
north of Gabes on the coastal high-
way in an effort to fend off the pur-
suing British Eighth Army.
X , * *

io

WASHINGTON, April 1.- (RP)-A,
Democratic suggestion that the 1944
presidential campaign ,l a short one
with the nominating i conventions
held sometime in August, instead of
early summer, brought " Republican
reply today that the Derimocrats, have'
already selected their dandidate.t
Frank C. Walker, chaj man. of the
Democratic National: Commnitee,
made the short campaign proposal.
and urged meanwhile that foutth-
termdand other'candidate talk be
halted while "we get on with the
war."
Spangler Speaks
Chairman Harrison Spangler of;
the Republican National 'Committee!
promptly responded:
"It is a matter of regret that the
New Deal leaders have waited to
make the proposal of late political,
conventions until after their candi-
date has already been selected. :
"The conference of the Demo-
cratic National Committee leaders at
the White House a few weeks ago
indicates that the New Deal Party
has already had its real convention."
Meeting Named
This referred to a meeting between
the President and a dozen National
Committee officers and members on
March 4. Walker said at the time
that one or two told the President
he ought to run again, but it was
not said seriously. He repeated this
today when asked about the confer-
ence.
Spangler said the date for the

G.O.P. convention was
National Committee.
"I can't fix it," he told
"Do you want Presidei
to run for a fourth teri
asked directly.
Won't Talk
"I'll not discuss candi
,time," he replied. "I t)
mistake, to discuss them
too early from the stand
country and we should d
time to prosecution of t
Walker added, howev
would like to see an ag
tween the two major pa
the 1944 campaign to p
tember and October, wi
ventions being held lat
usual June and July.
Dr. N iebul
Will Lectui
Here ToniA

Demoerats
On Income

Disagree
Tax Issue

WASHINGTON, April 1.- ()-
The Democratic leadership in the
House split apart tonight on the
issue of tax abatement, with major-
ity leader McCormack (Dem.-Mass.)
calling for quick action to skip part
of 1942's income taxes, and Chair-
man Doughton (Dem.-N.C.) of the
Ways and Means Committee sharply
brushing aside the suggestion.
Doughton refused to call the com-
mittee for immediate consideration
of pay-as-you-go legislation, indi-
cating that the subject would not
come up again until late spring or
summer.
During the day McCormack had
issued a statement calling for a quick
pay-as-you-go compromise abating
part, but not all, of 1942 taxes. He
said a pay-as-you-go measure, with
a withholding levy on wages and
salaries, should become effective July
1.
The Democratic leader's action
directly conflicted with the stand
of a majority of his party's Ways
and Means members who opposed
any tax abatement, and he drew a
sound rebuff from the 79-year-old
committee chairman.
Entire Cast of 'Singtimne
Puts on Finishing Touches
Rehearsals for "Singtime-a Sym-
phony in Song" are going into their
fifth week with the entire cast con-
tributing their time and talents to
the show.
Total proceeds from the concert
will be contributed to the Bomber
Scholarship Fund. Because of the
cooperation of the Women's Glee
Club, the Men's Chorus and Bill
Sawyer's Orchestra the sponsors, the

APRIL FOOLS RUSH IN:
Bedlam Reigns as Coeds Cut Loose,

Reds Continue
Caucasus Drive
Counterattack in Sevsk
Foils German Gains
LONDON, April 2. (Friday)-(IP)-
Russian troops have captured several
localities in the continuing drive to
wipe out the Nazi Caucasian bridge-
head at Novorossisk, have reduced
another stronghold on the Smolensk
front, and held firmly on their Don-
ets River defense line, Moscow an-
nounced early today.
The midnight communique also re-
ported that German troops had pen-
etrated' to the western outskirts of
one populated place in the Sevsk
area, 170 miles northwest of Nazi-
held Kharkov, but said a Russian
counterattack threw back the enemy
and killed 200 Germans.
The Germans announced the cap-
ture of Sevsk, 80 miles below Bry-
ansk, some time ago.
The resumed Russian Caucasian
drive presumably was in the area of
captured Anastasevskaya, 33 miles
north of Novorossisk. The communi-
que recorded by the Soviet monitor
said five enemy guns, 19 machine-
guns, eight mortars, 13 supply-laden

By JENNIE FITCH
Coeds let down their hair last
night in general free-for-all dinners
in the true April Fool's Day spirit.
Screwiness was the order of the day
when the girls came to dinner dressed
in anything from Dr. Denton's to
paper slacks.
Mosher-Jordan girls appeared in
the dining rooms at 6 p.m. only to
find the tables bare except for bread,
jelly and pickles. Waitresses, dressed
in night shirts, shorts and slacks,
created an uproar by yelling across
the room to each other and stubborn-
ly refusing to supply any silverware
other than teaspoons for the whole
meal. The famous "Jordan bags"

chorus of "Jingle Bells" accompanied
by much pounding of tables and
clinking of glasses. Dinner ended in
a water fight during which at least
one girl had a decanter emptied on
her head.
Stockwell girls presented a slightly
incongruous appearance when they
came to dinner smoking pipes and
carrying sleepy dolls. Last night was
probably the first time in history that
a meal in sedate Stockwell Hall had
been served to diners seated in the
middle of the floor. The affair was
made pleasant by victrola music and
dancing between courses. Appropri-
ately, the coeds sang, "Hail, Hail, the
Gang's All Here" and other songs

were placed on the tables-"Butter.
Take all you want," "Smoking al-
lowed" and "Waitresses are having
union trouble; shout loudly." The
crowning insult came when coeds,
cheered on by waitresses, were forced
to clear the tables themselves.
Martha Cook girls were entertained
by "soldiers" whe marched into the
dining room in formation. Other
features were an impersonation of
Hitler and a song rendered by a group
wearing their clothes backwards.
Coeds let loose in the halls by play-
ing football.
Adelia Cheever was awakened at
2 a.m. yesterday by horrible screams
and cries of "A man! A man! He

DR. NIEBUHR
The Protestant viewpoint on the
"Nature and Existence of God" will
be presented by Dr. Richard Niebuhr,
of the Yale University Divinity
School in a lecture at 8:15 p.m. today
in the Rackham Amphitheatre.
An ordained minister of the Evan-
gelical and Reformed Church, Dr.
Niebuhr is the former president of
Elmhurst College. He is now a pro-
fessor of Christian Ethics at Yale
University.*
In 1935 Dr. Niebuhr was editor of
a publication entitled "The Church
Against the World." He has also
written two books: "Kingdom of God
in America" and "The Sources of
Denominationalism."
This is the last in a series of lec-
tures on the "Nature and Existence
of God" given under the auspices of
the Student Religious Association
with the purpose of presenting the
different religious points of view on

Axis Forces East of
Sedjenane Retreat
ON THE NORTHERN TUNISIAN
FRONT, April 1-(P)- German and
Italian troops have broken off action
several miles east of Sedjenane under
Allied pressure and have fled so rap-
idly that contact with the enemy tem-
porarily has been lost.
The next Axis defense may be at-
tempted in old German-Italian posi-
tions 10 miles to the east in the green
hills bordering the road to Mateur.
Sedjenane itself is about 40 miles
southwest of Bizerte, big Axis-held
naval base, and Mateur is an inter-
vening point on the road to that port.
In an apparent effort to create a
diversion to permit more time for the
flight along the main roads, some
German forces attacked the Allied
flank yesterday. But the attack made
no progress, and the force broke off
the engagement to join in the re-
treat of other units.
Aircraft and Ordnaiwe
Students Graduate TIday
Army Aircraft Inspection and Ord-
nance Inspection Courses being given
in the engineering school will gradu-
ate 69 men and women who have
completed the ten week's course 'at
3 p.m. today in Room 348 of the West
Pnrn pi cr*ii io

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