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March 28, 1943 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1943-03-28

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4 ait~




28,000 Nazs
Slain by Reds
In Orel Area
Red Army Offensive
Checked Within 20
Miles of Nazi Base
By The Associated Press
LONDON, March 28. (Sunday)-
Russian troops have killed 28,000
Germans since. Feb. 1 in fighting on
the approaches to Orel, Nazi-held
hinge of the central and southern
fronts, Moscow announced today.
A Soviet information bureau broad-
cast recorded, by the Soviet monitor
said 20,000 Germans were killed in
February and 8,000, in March, and
this was the first information in
weeks concerning the Orel sector
where the Red Army offensive had
been checked within 20 miles of the
big Nazi base.
6,820 Russians Killed
The regular midnight communi-
que issued shortly before the an-
nouncement pf the results in the Orel
sector said, however, there were no
essential changes on the long Rus-
sian front'.
The I ussian statement 'about the
Orel sector said 6820 Russians were
killed since Feb. 1 as compared to
LONDON, March 28 (Sunday)-
GP)- RAF bombers made a heavy
attack on Berlin last night, British
sources said today.
The British announcement, made
some time after the Berlin radio
had reported 'an assault on the
German capital, gave no details of
the raid Immediately, as is the
usual practice.
The Berlin radio said that five
British planes were reported shot
down before any bombs dropped
on Berlin and asserted the raid
was almost a complete failure.

Seniors To Take Grad
Record Exams April-12





The Graduate Record examina-
tions for literary college seniors and
new graduate students will be held
at 7 p.m. Monday, April 12 in the
Rackham Lecture Hall, the Univer-
sity War Boad announced yester-
Application forms must be ob-
tained tomorrow, Tuesday, or Wed-
nesday either in the War Informa-
tion Office in the League or in the
office of the Dean of the Literary
College, Room 1210 Angell Hall.
The examination is required of all
literary college seniors, but seniors
in other schools may take it if they
This is part of the comprehensive
aptitude examination referred to in
the summer session questionnaire
distributed last week. The test for
students below the senior level will
be announced within the next few
Student Groups
Will Organize
For Loan Drive
Nation-Wide Campaign
To Raise Government
Funds Begins April 27
Student groups will be organized
next week to fulfill the University's
part in a national drive scheduled to
begin April 12 to loan the government
money to meet the emergency loan
I. I
Gordon Griffith, business staff,
said yesterday that it was the in-
tention of the faculty committee to
ask students to contribute to the
drive. His committee appointed by the
Ann Arbor War Finance Committee
is made up,, of Prof. Leigh J. Young,
forestry school, George Borneman,
University Hospital and Prof. Charles
Jameson, business administration.
The Ann Arbor organization met
yesterday to formulate plans to raise
over six million dollars for this
country's contribution. Warren F.
Cook, Chairman of the War Finance
Committee, and ten divisional heads
will have about 750 "Gallants" who
will canvass the city to reach the goal.
Several series of bonds will be sold,
and these bonds are in excess of any
bonds purchased on the payroll sav-
ing plan. The committee expects the
series "E" bonds in smaller denomi-
nations to reach the majority of peo-
ple. This series is expected to raise
$1,300,000 in Washtenaw county.
According to Mr. Cook his organi-
zation is very "enthusiastic" and thte
community is cooperative. The banks
will help with the plan in the register-
ing of bonds in the issuing of the Tax
Anticipation Notes which are certifi-
cates allowing people to draw interest
on the money saved to pay ?43 taxes
in 1942.
Chileans Hear

days, Clark Tibbitts, War Board Di-
rector, said yesterday.
Following is the complete pro-
cedure for students who will take the
graduate record examination: 1)
Appear at one of the offices cited
above, fill an information sheet giv-
ing your academic status and the
courses you have taken and obtain
an admission card. 2) Report to the
Rackham Lecture Hall at 7 p.m.
sharp April 12 and write the first
part of the exam. The examination
period will run three hours. 3) Re-
port at 7 p.m. April 14 for the second
portion of the test.
The purpose of the examination is
to give each student a comprehensive
analysis of the extent of his know-
ledge, and the results will be given
to each individual.
Besides giving an account of each
person's prowess in the basic fields
of knowledge, the examination will
give a measure of the learning ob-
tained while in college. A compari-
son will be made for each student on
the basis of test results for similar
students throughout the country.
The University has arranged to

eadway in Initial Stages of New
yrise Offensive Near Fondouk

OPA Discloses
Rjg' gi Ig of
PE -f~iI Values
Itruit Julice',3cqttClirc
Fe er Coupois; Dried
Fruits Require None
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON. March 27-Fruit
juices will require fewer of your blue
ration coupons starting Monday
while prunes and raisins will take:
none at all, the Office of Price Ad-
ministration disclosed tonight in a re-

Pilots Use Trenches for Mess Halls

give these tests without costs be- juggling of the point values of pro-
cause of the importance of helping cessed foods.
students obtain the proper classifi- The point value of dried soups is
cation in the armed forces and in being slashed 50 per cent. but more
serving their country, Mr. Tibbitts points .will be needed for canned'
said. beani, catsup and chili sauce, toma-
to paste and sauce, applesauce, fruit
.F bBAh rscocktail, peaches and pineapple.
ombers The fruit juice reductions range up
i to 60 per cent. These and the cuts on
H it Ri ne Port dried soup made because the products
were not selling up to expectations,
2-Week Lull Broken I) officials said. The greatest reductions
Y are on 46-ounce cans of juice. This
Attacks on Ruhr Valley size can of grapefruit juice, posted1
for 23 points in March, will take only
LONDON, March 27.-- (Ih)- RAF nine starting Monday. A 46-ounce Pilots and ground cre%.s eat the
bombers pounded the Rhine city of can of tomato or pineaple juice will at an advanced U.S. airposit in Tun
Duisburg, Europe's largest inland require 22 points instead of 32. quently that it is safer and mnore co
port, and other targets in the indus- Apple juice was opened to unre- where a meal can be enjoy 6d, rf1at
trial Ruhr Valley last night, breaking stricted sale along with raisins,
a two-weeks weather-enforced lull in prunes and other dried fruits. Offici- EDUCATORS MEET
the Allied aerial offensive against als explained the ,dried fruits are in
Germany. danger of spoiling in the coming
The Air Ministry said four bomb- warm months, while the country has P anel .LJIS4YtlSS
ers were lost out of the strong force a surplus of apples that can be
in the night's operations. Two fight- turned into cans or jugs of apple xe
er planes from squadrons which juiec. - , lim xes' wo,
carried out patrols during the night Dried fruits were left on the official
also failed to return. chart, at zero value, as a reminder Michigan educators concluded their
Small-scale raids were made on that they may be rationed again when two day meeting of the Michigan
Germany and Holland in daylight;the new crop is packed. Academy of Science, Arts, and Let-
today. A lone Mosquito bomber 1 ters yesterday with a panel discussion
raced over northwest Germany, cov- * and several sectional meetings of
ering more than 600 miles and at- U lttl\ particular interest to different groups.
tacking barges and supply trains
without encountering any opposition, T
from the Luftwafte, the Air Ministry iiO.1DrerrCt I el Discussion
news service reported. "There is a definite culture pecu-
Typhoons of the fighter command ace Plaiini y liar to America" agreed all five speak-
also attacked barges and a train in ers'in the panel discussion yesterday
Holland and fired on a destroyer offA, 1o"TeRlnVausfmrin
the Dutch coast on the way home. WASHINGTON, March 27.-VP)- on "The Ruling Values of American

eir mess in slit trenches on this field
isia. Enemy raiders appear so fre-
nmfortable to settle down in a trench
ively, in peace.

28,000 Nazis. The announcement was
issued as a denial of a German claim
that 41 Russian infantry divisions,
and 11 infantry and 18 tank brigades
had been wiped out in the area.
"We never had that many troops
in this sector," the bureau said"and
if so many troops have been de-
stroyed, who is it that is now grind-1
ing to pieces the German forces onI
this sector of the front?"
Reds Hold Initiative
Still holding the initiative on the
central front, one Red Army unit was
said to have cut its way through
barbed wire entanglements and mine
fields to capture two populated
Two hundred Germans were killed
and captives and war material taken,
the bulletin said.
Dean Cooley
Will Celebrate at home
Of Daughter in Detroit
White-haired dean emeritus of the
Colleges of Engineering and Archi-
tecture Mortimer E. Cooley is cele-
brating his 88th birthday today at
the home of his daughter in Detroit.
Dean Cooley came here as a full
professor when hewas only twenty-
six years old, and began by teaching
Steam Engineering and Iron Ship-
Dr. Cooley likes to tell fascinating
and amusing stories about his child-
hood days on the family farm near
Canandaigua, N.Y.
He graduated from Annapolis in
1878 with the first four-year group
which was prepared to care for
steam-driven ships.
After returning to Boston and
working in the bureau of steam en-
gineering in the Navy Department
for a short time, Dean Cooley came
to the University of Michigan.
For the past thirty years he has
worked to obtain a broad cultural
training of engineers.
"I would require an A.B. degree
for entrance into engineering school
to make sure that engineers had the
background they'll need all through
life," he said.
'Bazooka', Atrmy's
New 'Rocket Gun'
Deadly to Tanks

Ion On Culture
-,Day Condea.v,-.e

First Lady of
China Speaks
Fears That Allies Will
Have Post-War DisputesI

SAN FRANCISCO, March 27.-/ ,
1-Mme Chiang Kai-Shek tonightI
W all ce S eak raised the question of whether the,
Allies, after achieving military victory t
SANTIAGO, Chile, March 27.- over the Axis, will fight among them-
(A)- The century-old dream of true selves and thus lose the peace.
Pan-Americanism advanced a step In an address prepared for delivery
further today with the unpreceden- at a mass meeting which included
ted spectacle of the second highest thousands of Chinese, the First Lady,
elective officialofithe United States of China cited an example from his-
addressing a Chilean Congress in tory-the Hussites who united suc-
the language of Spain, and doing cessfully against the German emper-
such an excellent job of it that it sG
brought a prolonged ovation from 01 s attempt to subjugate them by
his listeners, armed force, but who allowed their
Vice-President Henry A. Wallace's own factional differences to culmi-
speech was short, but he delivered it nate in self-destruction after victory.
flawlessly at a joint session of Con-
gress called especially to greet him DRAMATISTS PRESENT:
asserting that today mankind is in
full revolution to achieve freedom
from poverty, create international Ticket Sale
brotherhood and abolish the present-
significance of frontiers. F1 f En rlsb C
Senate President Florencio Duran F Et
Bernates welcomed Wallace, describ-
ing him as "an illustrious citizen of "Caste", Thomas W. Robertson's
the illustrious land of Washington English comedy. will be presented
and Roosevelt." at 8:30 p.m. Wednesday throughI
Saturday at the Lydia Mendelssohn
H Theatre with a full cast of dramatic:
Armi y Bombers Hit students who have been in rehearsal
for many weeks.
Ja Pa ific Holding yswk
Eccles, the crafty, lazy old father
who "didn't work as much as he:

The possibility that Russia may de-
cline to join in any attempt at this
time to frame post-war policies for
the United Nations developed today
as a mgior issue in Senate considera-
tion of collective security proposals.
With a foreign relations subcom-
mittee scheduled to begin preliminary
3tudy Tuesday of a half dozen reso-
lutions, senators who have counseled
gainst undertaking any international
commitments now predicted the
Soviet government would refuse to'
participate in such moves until after
the war is won.
Senator Reynolds (Dem.-N.C.),
chairman of the Military Affairs
Committee and a Foreign Relations
committeeman, said he doubts that
Josef Stalin desires at this time to lay
out the course Russia would follow
after the war.
"I think Mr. Stalin is too busy look-
ing after the interest of Russia and
winning the war to hold any con-
ferences now about such matters,"
Reynold told reporters.

"We can ascribe to the American
sense of fair play as a leading value
of our culture," Prof. L. I. Brevold of
the English department said.
"Basically there are two main
standards of life for all people, the
fight of survival and the urge to re-
produce. Around these are built the
symbolic differences that gives to
each nation its individual culture"
was the opinion of Prof. Mischa Titev
of the anthropology department.
The general discussion was led by
Prof. Julio del Toro of the Romance
Language department who headed
the division of Language and Litera-
ture of the Academy. Professors, Bur-
ton Thuma, psychology; Raymond
Hookstra, philosophy; and Richard
Fuller, sociology were the other
LU, Prof S. Will
Run for Mayor
Young as Republican,
Bruimm as Deniocrat
Two University professors, Prof.
Leigh J. Young and Prof. John L.
Brumm, will compete for mayor of
Ann Arbor in the city election April
Prof. Young, the Republican in-
cumbent, is professor of silviculture
in the Forestry School. He is com-
pleting his first two-year term. Prof.
Brumm, the Democratic candidate,
is chairman of the journalism de-
Other municipal offices, those ofI
president of the Council, city clerk,
and municipal judge are uncontes-
ted. Glenn L. Alt is running for re-
election as Council president and
Fred C. Perry as city clerk. Jay H.
Payne, who won the Republican
nomination for the newly created
position of municipal judge, is also

speakers who rounded out the pro-
A general discussion period of audi-
ence participation followed the intro-
ductory remarks of the speakers.
Language, Literature
Branding our culture as among the
shallowest of the great nations of the
world today, Prof. L. I. Bredvold
addressed the language and literature
sections of the Michigan Academy
yesterday in the League.
"The inferiority complex of the
humanities is its main ill," he said.
"We are always apologizing for the
existence of the humanities, which
have at least four vital virtues un-
known to science."
ProfessorcBredvold stressed the
fact that "there are two laws, one
for men and one for things." Science
creates the laws for things, but life
is the realm of the humanities and
the arts, he said.
Geology, Minerology
On the basis of his studies of pre-
cipitation periods, Prof. Edwin L.
Mosely of Bowling Green State Uni-
versity predicted yesterday that a
severe drought affecting many states
should be anticipated for the latter
half of 1946 and the greater part of
"The probability of this drought
comes from the fact that there has
been a drought at every correspond-
ing period back as far as we have
any tree record," he said.
Professor Mosely has used the rings
of trees as indicators of previous
drought periods and has measured
them back a century for his studies.
Turn to page 6,'col. 5
Roosevelt, Eden
Discuss Plans
WASHINGTON, March 27.--(P)-
British-Americans conversations
looking to other United Nations
meetings to consider war and pos-
sible peace problems were believed
to be approaching a fruitful climax
today as President Roosevelt con-
ferred with Anthony Eden, British
Foreign Secretary, and six other
high ranking Angln-Americann ffi-

British Drive Into
Mareth Line With
Rommel Offering
Strong Resistance
Associated Press Correspondent
American troops launched a surprise
offensive toward Fondouk in Central
Tunisia today and met with initial
success as the British Eighth Army,
doggedly fighting its way into the
Mareth Line fortifications, was re-
ported "Proceeding according to
plan in spite of stiff resistance by
the enemy."
Near Air Base
The American push on Fondouk,
which is 15 miles southwest of an
important Axis Air Base at Kairouan,
was reported making "good head-
way." The drive began after a Ger-
man Infantry attack had been re-
pulsed east of Maknassy, more than
100 miles south of the scene of the
new fighting.
(Berlin broadcasting a DNB dis-
patch said British and American
troops appeared to be preparing to
launch offensives both in northern
and central Tunisia and that detach-
ments of crack British troops re-
cently had reached at Medjez-El-Bab
area from England.
Movement Stronger
(Movements of British and Amer-
ican columns were described as "con-
siderably stronger" in both sectors
and they were reported bringing up
heavy concentrations of artillery.)
For the third successive day the
Allies made no mention of the situa-
tion of the British Armored Force
which flanked the Mareth Line to the
south and was reported to have
reached a point only eight miles from
El Hamma, Axis Air Base 20 miles
west of Gabes.
Willow Runners
Tell of Plight
Urge ,Merchants To
Rearrange Hours
Five Willow Run employes strongly
urged yesterday in a letter to the
Michigan Daily that Ann Arbor mer-
chants, professional and other busi-
ness men re-arrange their hours to
permit Willow Run employes to "take
part in those activities which are a
part of living," and to prevent the
spread of absenteeism.A
Although only five employes signed
the letter, they said that they spoke
for "thousands of others" who com-
mute from Ann Arbor in describing
the impossibility of buying postage
stamps, getting a hair-cut, or having
a car repaired.
Former Instructor
Author of the letter was Dr. Francis
S. Onderdonk, who taught history of
architecture in the College of Ar-
chitecture of the University from
1925 to 1933, then became a lecturer,
traveling eight times to Europe be-
fore taking a job as designer at Wil-
low Run in July.
Dr. Onderdonk said that a delega-
tion of the Willow Run workers
plans to contact F. C. Moseley, presi-
dent of the Junior Chamber of Com-
merce this afternoon to explain their
case and enlist the backing of that
The letter singed by Dr. Onder-
donk, Donald Douglas, Kenneth M.
Brown, Nancy Watkins, John W. Ly-
man and Helen W. Campbell, said "If
the Ann Arbor post office, banks, and
stores cling to their present hours,

they will increase absenteeism, since
for most employes the time will come
when the necessity to attend to cer-
tain personal matters becomes more
important than going to work."
No Alarm Clock
Dr. Onderdonk told a Daily report-
er that he still hasn't been able to
reclaim an alarm clock which he took
to a jeweler to be repaired about
three weeks ago, before he was


giuis omorrow
omedy 'Caste'
direct the production with Robert
Mclencamp as art director and Em-
ma Hirsch in charge of costumes.
"Cast ".known as Robertson's
best comedy, depicts life in England
in mid-century Victorian days, when
there was a shabby-genteel ignor-
ance of the working classes.
Robertson not only introduced
realism into his works but also pro-
duced his plays realistically. He was
his own stage manager and director
and insisted that his actors perform
naturally and not with the stilted
artificiality of the time.
"Caste" was written at the begin-

WASHINGTON, March 27.--')-
Army bombers ranging far afield
heavily damaged enemy installations

A deadly new anti-tank gun dis- on Nauru Island near the fortified
dGilbert group while on the north end
closed by the War Department today oftePcfcbtlIieAeia
makes a lone foot soldier "master of hA
any tank which may attack him," air raiders continued pounding Kiska


to but liked to see the young!
at it" will be played by John;
igton. Esther, his daughter
marries into "society" will be
ayed by Janet Stickney; her
Polly, whose sudden transi-
from broad comic humor to


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