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March 23, 1943 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1943-03-23

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Churchill Visualizes European, Asiatic Council of N


Warns British To Keep
On Job in Speech Sunday
LONDON- VP)- Prime Minister Churchill sketched for the world in a
radio broadcast Sunday his vision of a post-war order where peace might,
eventually be kept by a European and an Asiatic council of free nations, but
warned the British people of the necessity of "keeping their eye on the ball"
to win a struggle which might go on two years or more before Adolph Hitler
is crushed into "death, dust and ashes."
The speech, which was devoted chiefly to the problems of creating a
peaceful world of tomorrow and a comprehensive "four-year plan" for
improved social conditions in Britain, drew quick but mixed reactions today
from the British press, some sections of which felt the prime minister had
not gone far enough in his post-war thinking, while others stressed the
necessity of winning the war as the
primary consideration at present. added it did not believe "our troops
Churchill placed his government in Tunisia will learn with resentment
squarely on record as favoring a post- that the civilian population at home
war system of comprehensive social' is discussing future social issues as
Insurance "for all purposes from the well as present military ones."
ciadle to the grave," including health But Churchill postponed well into
and, unemployment benefits. the future fruition of his social plans
Favors Social Insurance when he declared Britain is not di-
He promised a social system free of verting her attention from the war to
equal opportunities a "peace which is still remote," and
snobbery, witheqaoprtnis urged "evermore vigorous prosecution
.for all classes of citizens, and added:
"We cannot have a band of drones of our supreme task-"
in our midst, whether they come from
ancient aristocracy, or modern plu- British Conedy
tpcracy or the ordinary type of pub-C
'Hmentioned by name "my friend, To Be Given by
Sir William Beveridge," author of by
the, most comprehensive plan for Play Production
pst-war insurance yet proposed in
BStai, whose report has become a Prsnaon f'C te
best-seller In the British Isles. Presentation of 'Caste'
The post - war organization for Will Start Next Week
peace which Churchill envisaged was
based on an agreement between the At Lydia Mendelssohn
British Commonwealth of Nations,
the United States and Soviet Russia, "Caste," by Thomas W. Robertson,
supplemented probably by regional will be the next Play Production pre-
federations of smaller nations in sentation and will be given March 31
Europe, because "In Europe lie most through April 3 at the Lydia Men-
of the causes which have led to these delssohn Theatre.
two'world wars." "Caste" is recognized as Robert-
The European council must "even- son's best comedy and depicts life in
tually embrace the whole of Europe England in mid-century Victorian
and all the main branches of the days, when there was a shabby-gen-
European family must be partners teel ignorance of the working classes.
tn it" Churchill declared. Robertson strives to present the life
earts Army's Advance nd sentiment of the middle and low-
er classes with naturalness.
Although inilitary affairs were giv- In "Caste" the roles of Eccles, the
en ,a secondary place in the speech, scheming, lazy father constantly to-
Churchill packed a surprise "punch daying to wealth, has become a stage
hue" at the end-a line not contained classic. The snobbery of the upper
in his prepared text-when he re- class is introduced into the story
yealed that the British Eighth Army through the romance of his daughter,
unider Sir Bernard L. Montgomery Esther, and the Hon. George D'Alroy,
was "on the move" against Field Mar- whom she marries. A younger daugh-
shal Rommel's Africa corps at the ter, Polly, provides the play with
MReth Line in southern Tunisia, broad humor.
Qre military observers have been Robertson was his own stage man-
awaiting a decisive clash for *days. ager and director.
First reaction of the conservative
London "Times" to the prime minis-
ter's speech was: "It will be a grave Staubach W ill
disappoitment to the people of this T
country if no foretaste of forthcom-S
ing reforms can be offered while the peak Today
war lasts."
'Vfes Greater War Effort To Compare Spain
The laborite 'Herald' said Churchill Tr
had taken "a progressive conserva- With Latin America
tive" view of post-war problems and

Fitting Tanks for Combat


Fewer Students
Will Graduate
Than Last Year
Decrease Attributed
To Army Induction and
Mid-Year Exercises
The University will graduate 915
less students in May than a year
ago, according to a tentative list re-
leased yesterday.
There are 1,172 students recorded
on the tentative list compared with
2,087 who were graduated last May.
University officials attributed the de-
crease to the mid-year exercises in
January in which a large portion of
the seniors were granted their de-
The number of male students that
have been taken out of school by the
armed forces has increased and has
cut down the number in the current
graduating class.
Under the new accelerated aca-
demic program there will be no grad-
uations from the Medical or Dental
Schools this May. Their last class
left school in January and the present
senior class will be graduated in Sep-
Soph Project
Petitions Must
Be in Today
Petitions for positions on the cen-
tral committee of sophomore project
must be in by 3:30 p.m. today at the
undergraduate office of the League,
as interviewing will begin at that
Coeds whose last names begin with
letters from A-H inclusive will be
interviewed from 3:30 p.m. to 5:30
p.m. today, from 1-0 tomorrow, from
P-V Thursday, and from W-Z Friday.
Students may come in to be inter-
viewed before Friday even though
their name is scheduled for that day,
it was announced by the judiciary
council. Also if It is inconvenient
for coeds to be interviewed at their
appointed time, they may come in on
some other day, though preferably
not Friday.
Positions to be filled include that
of general chairman and 14 commit-
tee members who will have charge of
hospital volunteers next year.

Germany Scared by Allied
Mock Offensive in England

LONDON, March 23. (Tuesday)I
-(A)- Allied commanders were
studying today the results of a recent
"trial offensive" sham exercise of
such genuine character that the Ger-
mans, according to their broadcasts
and newspapers, thought it was the
beginning of a real invasion of the
The operation lasted 10 days and
covered a wide area of England. It
tested new and secret methods where-
by an army presumably landed with
the heaviest equipment, including
tanks and artillery, on an enemy
shore drove overland to a specific
objective. The defending force failed.
to stem the advance.
Totally new field tactics and or-
ganizational techniques were em-
ployed, stressing speed and striking
The concentration of men and
material attracted the attention of
German aerial reconnaissance. The
Lufewaffe apparently spotted two
huge armies assembling, for the Ber-
lin radio promptly reported:
"The British are massing for some
audacious attempt on the continent."
The Germans may not have long
to wait.
Within the limitations of the fact
that it was a mock operation, the
exercise furnished an all-out test for
the plan itself as well as for men
and machines. Actual combat condi-
tions were simulated as closely as
possible and a number of real casual-
ties resulted through accidents.
No live ammunition was used, but
there were severalinstances in which
hand-to-hand combat occurred be-
tween battle-hot troops before um-
pires could intervene. One Canadian1
outfit went nearly 40 hours without'
food when it outstripped its transport
in a long, forced march.
The new operations scheme em-

bracing all air force functions-
fighters, bombers, reconnaissance,
etc.-in a single field command and
synchronizing this with the ground
forces was given a thorough trial.
The commanders made enthusias-
tic reports on results.
Meanwhile, every other branch of
both armies was put through the
severest trials the umpires could de-
vise. Engineers threw up real bridges,
including some capable of bearing
heavy Churchill tanks across streams.
Two airfields were constructed
under fire and put into actual use as
the campaign progressed.
The speed of the attackers' ad-.
vance was so great that there was ab
least one instance where transpoi't
failed to maintain the fuel supply for.
armored units, although truck driv-'
ers worked themselves to exhaustion.
The peaceful English countryside
now bears all the scars of war ex-
cept craters and bomb pits. The
Churchill tanks accidentally snapped
off trees and telephone poles, demol-
ished stone walls and carried away
corners of houses. Fields were lacerat-
ed with tracks of bren gun carriers
that skittered across country when-
ever roads were blocked. And there
is one oak minus a top and branches
as the result of spectacular "strafing"
by a plane that flew so low it clipped
the trees.
Elections in Engine
School Postponed
Election of officers for the senior
class of the engineering school, form-
erly scheduled for tomorrow, has been
postponed until Friday because in-
sufficient petitions were turned in.
Only three petitions were filed,' all
for president. . Engineering >sefniors
who are graduating in May may
signify their intention to . become
candidates for president, secretary
or treasurer by submnitting, petitions
containing the signatures of 15 class-
mates, along with an eligibility card,
to. the Office of the Dean before 4
p.m. tomorrow.

Reently landed U.S. tanks are being fitted for combat at Oran,
Algeria. ,Soon they will be rushed to the Tunisian front. Some will be,
turned over to the British.

March Technic
Will -Feature
War 'Surveys.
Featuring two surveys of important
related wgr topics, the March issue
of the Michigan Technic, engineering
college publication, will go on sale
Thursday and Friday, Bill Jacobs,
'43E, editor,'announced yesterday.
Ken Moehl, a senior electrical en-
gineering student, graphically sur-
veys, "Induction Heating" and its-in-
dustrial application in the lead article
in this sixti issue of the current year.
A second feature of ,the new issue
is: an article proposing the use of
concrete in place of steel in the con-
strction of merchant ships. John
Siebert, '43,' in his article "Concrete
Cargo Carriers" discusses the feasi-
bility: and economic advantage of
coricrete vessels.
The "Presents" column in this issue
will ,run articles by Prof. Richard
Townsend of the chemical engineer-
ing'departmaent and- three senior en-
gineering students: Freeman Alexan-
der,, John Patton, and Herb Heaven-
Copies may be obtained from regu-
lar Technic selling posts in the arch
and in the East Engineering Building.
Dr. D, V.Baxter
To Speak Today
Dr. Dow V. Baxter, associate pro-
fessor of Silvics and Forest Pathology,
will present an illustrated lecture on
"Alaska" at 4:15 p.m. today in the
Rackham Amphitheatre.
Dr. Baxter has just returned from
Washington where he did some work
for the government.
I He will show three reels of the
moving pictures which he has taken
on his trips to Alaska each summer
for the past eight years.
One of the pictures covers Alaska's
forest arsenals and deals largely with
the cutting of the sitka spruce for
airplane stock.
. Also included are views of the Ton-
gass National Forest which is now
furnishing huge quantities of wood,
not only for United States planes, but
for those of the other United Nations
as well.
Another reel consists of Dr. Bax-
ter's airplane shots over the Alaskan
range of mountains that was used in
Hollywood's production of "Lost Hor-

Plastered by
Yank Bombers
(Continued from Page 1)

Public Panel
Will Be Held
Q iGermany
Weekly public panel sponsored by
the lost-War Council will be held at
8 pn. tomorrow in the Grand Rapids
Ropm of the League on the topic
"Re-educating Germany."
Prof. James K. Pollock of the politi-
cal science department, Prof. Roy W.
Sellars of the philosophy department
and John F. Ebelke of the German
department will participate. William
Muehl, '44X,; will be student chair-
Whether or not Germany can be
re-educated to democratic ideals, the
methods which should be used, and
Who should do it are some of the
phases which will be discussed.
col onel Humes*
To Speak Today
Colonel Edgar Erskine Humes,
Commanding Officer of the Winter
GeneralcHspital, will present a Uni-
versity lecture on "The Health Activi-
ties of the U.S. Army in Wartime," at
4:15 p.m. today at the Kellogg Foun-
ciation Institute Auditorium.
He will speak on the training of
civilian physicians and other scien-
tific men for the Medical Department
and explain the possibilities of medi-
cal students and other students of
obtaining commissions in the Medical
State Urges Growing
Of VictoryGardens
LANSING, March 22.- (P)- The
average work week in Michigan in-

Dr. Charles N. Staubach of the
Department of Romance Languages
will discuss "Espana: Fuente de la
Cultura Hispanoamericana," "Spain
as a Source of South American Cul-
ture," at 4:15 today in Room D,
Alumni Memorial Hall.
Dr. Staubach will talk informally
about old Spain. He will discuss the
customs and culture there and Pom-
pare them to those found in Latin
Since 1930 Dr. Staubach has made
several trips to Spain. While he
was there he became acquainted with
many literary people and took special
note of the cultural institutions and
customs in the country.
Suggestions for Project
Wanted by Wolverines
Suggestions for a project to be con-
ducted by the Wolverine Club for
the benefit of service men at Michi-
gan may be submitted to Pres. Lin-
coln Aldridge, 44E, at Alpha Sigma
Phi fraternity or by telephoning
As the Army has taken many for-
mer members and the remaining men
have accelerated programs, the pro-
ject must fit these limitations.

to its name, came back from its
fourth consecutive raid without los-
ing a ship.
Returning fliers said German
fighters, badly mauled by the deadly
American bombers in the raid, on
Vegesack last week, this time stayed
at a more cautious distance in the
aerial duels on both legs of the trip.
Ground Defensives Active
Wilhelmshaven's ground defenses
threw' up a barrage of smoke, and
the docks had been camouflaged, the
airmen said, but the bombs were
rained down effectively on the target
The Eighth Air Force first
smashed at Wilhelmshaven on Jan.
27 in the first all-American air raid
on Germany, and the second day-
light attack was made Feb. 26
JGP Tickets
Still on Sale
All Proceeds Will Go
For Chinese Relief
Tickets for JGP Stunt Night, which
will be held at 7:30 p.m. tomorrow in
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre, are
still available in the Undergraduate
Office of the League and may be ob-
tained there until Wednesday noon.
Open to all women on campus, the
performance is given ly junior wo-
men in honor of the seniors and all
proceeds will go to Chinese Relief.
The title of the show to be pre-
sented by the juniors is "Boyzamis-
sin'" or "Something for the Women."
In addition to this the seniors will
entertain with excerpts from last
year's JGP and Dean Lloyd, Dr. Bell,
and Miss Hartwig will oblige with
such specialties as songs and solo
dances. Another of the traditional
ceremonies will be the wishing well.
Junior women in charge of the en-
tertainment include: Dorothy Dar-
nell, Kay Claason, and Nancy Upson,
skits; Rae Larson, dancing; and Lucy
Chase Wright, choruses. Both junior
and senior women are hard at work
on the project, according to all re-
ports, and the evening's entertain-
ment promises to live up to tradition.
The entire floor of the theatre will
be reserved for the seniors who are
urged to get their caps and gowns
for the event at Moe's Sport' Shop
as soon as possible. Those seniors
who will graduate in Septembergand
wish to attend in cap and gown
should contact Miss Ethel McCormick
at the League.
Wolverines Request
Proj ect Suggestions
LANSING, March 22.-()-Warn-
ing that the householder who depends
on the grocer for fresh fruits and
vegetables which he could grow him-
self, and for many canned foods is
due for disappointment, the state
called today for an intensive Victory
Garden program.
Paul R. Krone, Victory Garden Di-
_,.n rpo. ,. nd'c] that 7A 0

Course in First Aid
Instruction Offered
A course for women students inter-
ested in becoming instructors of first
aid classes will be offered from 7:30
p.m. to 10:30 p.m. every night of the
week beginning April 6 in North Hall.
Students must be 20 years of age
and must have had both the standard
and the advanced first aid courses.
Coeds may sign up in either the un-
dergraduate office of the League or
in North Hall.


There will be a general meetig-
of therM-Hop committee at 8:30
p.m. today in the Michigan Un-.
ion. All members are asked to
attend to transact important
business. Note room assignment
on bulletin board.


Phi Chi Fraternity Initiates 32

Thirty-two men were initiated by
Psi chapter of Phi Chi, national med-
ical fraternity, Saturday afternoon.
Dr. Henry K. Ransom, associate
professor of surgery at University
Hospital, acted as master of cere-
monies of the initiation.
Dr. Howard H. Cummings, director
of the Post-Graduate School of Medi-
cine and president of the Michigan
State Medical Society, discussed
"Medical Education and the War" at
the initiation banquet Saturday eve-
ning. Dr. Cyrus C. Sturgis, professor
of medicine, acted as toastmaster,
and Robert E. DeLong spoke for the

Dearborn; Robert M. Campbell, Seat-
tle, Wash.; Edward Chandler, Char-
lotte; Robert Corley, Jackson; Robert
DeLong, Chicago, Ill.; George Doyle,
Winchester, Ky.; Gerald Drake, East
Lansing; James Galles, Chicago, Ill.;
William Getty, Port Huron.
Merle Haanes, Detroit; Robert Ide-
son, Johnstown, Pa.; Melvin Culver
Jones, Bay City; Michael Kozonis,
New York, N.Y.; John Magielski, De-
troit; George McKeever, Detroit;
Hugh McVeigh, Detroit; Glenn Moh-
ney, Lexington, Ky.; Douglas Moore,
Grand Rapids.
Glenn More, Hillsdale; Richard
Axrallr rlau, ,, n - me_ q i

Ed , ,wadevno

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