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March 19, 1943 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-03-19

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Weather
Snow

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MARCH 19, 1943

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Summer
Term' ,Set

Japs Are Blasted on 2,000-Mile Sea Front;

ForJune 7
Students Asked To Fill
In Information Forms
Distributed Today
Continuing its accelerated aca-
demic, program begun last spring,
the University will open the sumner
semester June 7, Clark Tibbits, Di-
rector of the University War Board,
announcedi yesterday.
To obtain a comprehensive calcu-
lation of what courses the students
will want for the session, a question-
naire is being distributed today.
This form, similar to the one filled
out last year, will ask each student
to indicate the course and general
A sample form appears on page
six. Students are asked to studby
It carefully so that they can fill
their own more easily.
program he will elect for the sum-
mer term.
"It Is assumed," Tibbits said, "that
every student who is able will be in
school for this term.
These questionnaires must be
filled out by every student whether
or not he plans definitely to attend
the summer session and must be re-
turned 48 hours after they are re-
ceived.
They are being distributed accord-
inig to the following plan:
Women In the literary college may
obtain their forms from their house
presidents to whom they will return
them.
Monday Deadline
Men in the literary college; the
Manpower Corps will distribute the
forms to fraternity presidents and
dormitory heads to whom they must.
be returned.
Students in the Architecture, Bus-
nmess Administration, Education,
1tousic, Graduate, and Forestry
schools may' obtain the for'ms from
the deans of their respective schools.
Students Ii the engineering col-
lege wilf be given theii orms In class
meetings to be held the mlddlV of
next week.
All other students not classified in
these categories will receive their
questionnaires In the mall, and they
must be returned Monday to the
War Information Center in the
League.
Forms Required
These forms are also required of
students who plan to enroll only for
the six or eight week summer ses-
sion.
The University adopted its accel-
erated academic program last spring
to allow students more college edu-
cation before they entered the armed
services. Since the. plan was put in
operation, spring vacation has been
eliminated, Christmas vacation has
been cut short, and the third semes-
ter was instituted for the first time
in University history.
French Guiana
Backs Giraud
Break with Petain's
Vichy Regime Made
WASHINGTON, March 18.-(1P-
French Guiana's government has
broken away from Admiral Georges
Robert, High Commissioner at Mar-
tinique, and joined forces with Gen-
eral Henri Honore Giraud, High
Commissioner of French North Af-
rica, the French Military Mission
here said today.
The Mission, headed by Gen. Emile
Bethouart, received word that the

governor of the colony on the north
coast of South America and the
mayor of its capital, Cayenne, had
telegraphed their allegiance to Gi-
raud.
Robert's authority has extended
over Martinique, Guadeloupe and
French Guiana. Thus far he has
maintained what he called an atti-
tude of neutrality toward the war
effort against Germany and h'as re-
frained from aligning himself with
Giraud and other Frenchmen in a
complete break with the Vichy re-
gime of Marshal Petain..
Kaiser Named Violator,
of Priority Regulations
SAN FRANCISCO, March 18-(P)
-The Henry J. Kaiser Co., Inc., was
named today in a regional War Pro-
. .. . lM..er 04

Yank
30 Mile Advance
Reported; British
Spar With Nazis
In North Tunisia
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS
NORTH AFRICA, March 18.-Am'
ican armored troops commanded
the leading U.S. Army tank special:
Lieut.-Gen. George S. Patton,
have advanced 30 miles to capt
Gafsa and swept on southeastw
today to the El Guetar region
miles beyond, while the Brit:
Eighth and First Armies spar
sharply with the enemy in thee
treme south and north of Tunisia
Patton, who customarily wears
gilded battle helmet and rides in
private tank painted with strip
was publicly introduced only tod
as the field leader of U.S. troe
under British Gen. Sir Harold Al
ander, Allied ground commander.
Fredendall Replaced
Patton succeeded Maj.-Gen. Lc
R. Fredendall, who was in cha
when Marshal Erwin Rommel sw
through Faid Pass in central Tunis
severely mauled the U.S. troops a
nearly turned the British First Ar,
flankin mid-February.
Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's hi
command communique telling of t
recapture of Gafsa, 85 miles nort
west of Gabes, said the Briti
Eighth Army on Rommel's sou
flank, had gained successes at t
north of the Mareth line yesterd
and the night .before, but there s
nothing to substantiate current G
man assertions that Gen. Sir Be
nard L. Montgomery had begun
full offensive.;
Positions Improved
"In the Mareth area in the nor
our positions were improved duri
the night of March 16-17 and durb
yesterday," the communique said. "
the south our patrols were active, il
flicting losses on the enemy and ta
ing some prisoners."
A pouring rain drenched the ce
tral front today as Patton's for
consolidated their gains around G
sa and kept probing at Romme
flank to the east.
The loss of Gafsa may prove
most serious blow to the Germa
who now have one of the m
offensive-minded generals in t
American Army less than 55 mi.
from their only supply route alo
the east coast. No contact has be
reported with the enemy since he w
chased from the oasis.
French Successful
French troops striking east in t
desolate 25 - mile stretch betwe
Gafsa and the Chott Derid s
marsh were declared in a Fren
communique to have reached thi
objective, which was not specifi
The French also claimed prison
to the north in the Ousseltia Vall
where patrols and artillery w
active.
(The German communique so
"4strong enemy infantry, attac
against the south Tunisian fr:
were repulsed with heavy losses." t
Italians said 100 prisoners we
taken, but neither communique bc
out the German propaganda ass
tions that four tank and infant
divisions had been hurled by Mor
gomery against the Mareth Line.)

Tank

Troops

Sweep

Germans Try
To Retrieve
Lost Positions
Nazis Counterattack
Desperately in Donets
Basin Below Kharkov
By The Associated Press
LONDON, March 19. (Friday)-
German infantry and tanks are
counterattacking endlessly "in an
attempt to retrieve lost positions"
along the Donets River below Khar-
kov where the Red Army yesterday
captured an important hamlet, Mos-
cow announced early today in a
communique telling also of continu-
ing Russian successes in the sweep
toward Smolensk on the central
front.
Assault Fails
The Russian bulletin recorded by
the Soviet Monitor indicated that
massed German tank and motorized
infantry attacks in the Chuguev sec-
tor 22 miles southeast of Kharkov
had failed to penetrate Russian lines
and had failed to recover the lost
ground.
"The Germans are ceaselessly and
uninterruptedly counterattacking our
units in an attempt to retrieve lost
positions," the bulletin said of the
continuing action.
It added that "all other attacks
have been repelled with heavy
losses" on the Donets Basin front
where the Germans have been trying
to crack Russian lines and exploit
the initial successes they scored with
the capture last Monday of Kharkov
itself. -
.ussians Gain
On the central front the Russians
said their troops were rolling onward
toward the Nazi anchor of Smolensk
some 40 to 50 miles away, despite
fierce German resistance which in
one case found the Russians smash-
ing a German infantry division sup-
ported by approximately 20 tanks.
Izdeshkovo, a rail station and dis-
trict center 75 miles northeast of
Smolensk, was one of the numerous
localities falling to the onrushing Red
Army yesterday which was made up
of several columns convergin on
Smolensk.
Washtenaw County Tin
Can Drive Fills Carload
Tin cans enough to fill a freight
car and still more tin cans were col-
lected yesterday in Ann Arbor, Ypsi-
lanti, and the surrounding rural
communities as Washtenaw Coun-
ty's contribution to the salvage
drive.
The freight car which was sched-
uled to carry the tin away was filled
to overflowing with 45,880 pounds of
cans by 2:15 p.m. yesterday, accord-
ing to City Engineer George H. San-
denburgh. The total contributions
will be figured today.
Another freight car is being pre-
pared to carry the excess, including
contributions from Milan, Chelsea
and Saline which had not been
picked up.
Veed To Keep
attn America

SKIP A YEAR'S TAXES?

UH,, UH!

Republican Conference
Fails To Back Ruml Plan

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, March 18.- A
House Republican conference on the
Ruml Plan today failed to line up
the party members solidly behind
that skip-a-year income tax pro-
posal. but brought predictions from
leaders that most Republicans would
support it and that it would pass
with the aid of some Democratic
votes.
These forecasts were voiced by
Rep. Martin of Massachusetts, the
minority leader, and Rep. Knutson
(Rep.-Minn.) Martin commented
that "I can't see where there could
be a compromise between the Carl-
son Bill (embracing the Ruml Plan)
and that monstrosty that came out
of the Ways and Means Committee"
Opposition To Skip Taxes
On the other hand, Rep. Gear-
hart (Rep.-Calif.) declared after the
conference:
"It is my impression there will be
very substantial opposition among
Goal Reac hed
In Men's Red
0,
Cross Drive
With $1,084.82 turned in, the men
of the University have now gone
over the top in their Red Cross
membership drive for $1,000, but the
campaign will be continued until to-
morrow night,. . ....
The Manpower Corps will again
set up booths today from 10 a.m. to
noon and from 1 to 3 p.m. in the
Engineering Arch, Angell Hall and
the Union lobby. $38 was collected
by the booths yesterday.
There are now 26 fraternities
signed up for 100 per cent contribu-
tions in the drive. The new houses
which have been added to the list
are Alpha Delta Phi, Beta Theta Pi,
Kappa Sigma, Phi Sigma Delta.
The Michigan House is still lead-
ing the dormitories with 97 per cent
contributions. Williams House has
now pushed up ahead of Wenley
House and is leading 88 to 84 per
cent.
Alpha Chi Sigma is leading among
the professional fraternities with 100
per cent contributions pledged. Lin-
coln House is now ahead of the co-
operatives with 100 per cent of its
members signed up. Robert Owen
House is second with 79 per cent
pledged.
A booth will be set up for the last
time today in the East Quadrangle
and will be open from 4 to 7 p.m.
U.S. Bombers
Blast U-Boats
Flying Forts Attack
Nazi Submarine Dock
LONDON, March 18.- (P)- A
strong force of American Flying
Fortresses and Liberators poured ex-
plosives on a U-boat construction
center near Bremen in northwestern
Germany today, and destroyed or
damaged many of the 75 to 100 Nazi
fighters which beat against them
almost continuously throughout the
800-mile round trip.
Two of the big American bombers
failed to return, a communique said.
Flying unescorted, the American
airmen broke a 48-hour lull in the
daylight offensive by striking at
Vegesack whose large yards, the
communique said, ,are "principally
engaged in the building and repair
of submarines."
RAF Venturas bombed targets at
Maasluis in the Rotterdam area of
Holland during the day and all re-
turned.
The U.S. communique said "many

hits were obtained" on the Vegesack
yards under clear skies, and added:
"heavy opposition from enemy air-
craft was encountered and many of
them were destroyed or damaged."
nal.ir-nnnr " al nf-c. rm vrcrn .n c.

Republicans to any plan which com-
pletely forgives a year's taxes. Many
left the room suggesting amend-
ments to prevent the creation of any
war-made millionaires."
Gearhart was joined in this posi-
tion by Rep. Clare Boothe Luce
(Rep.-Conn.) who addressed the
conference and later told newspa-
permen:
"I'm in favor of the Carlson Plan
insofar as it puts small income tax-
payers on a pay-as-you-go basis,
but I feel the plan should be amend-
ed so as to prevent the payer of
large taxes from deriving a windfall
in the process of forgiveness."
Democrats Back Bill
Meanwhile the Democratic leader-
ship lined up solidly for the bill re-
ported yesterday by the Ways and
Means Committee which provides no
tax abatement and makes pay-as-
you-go 'optional for any taxpayer
who elects to "double-up" by paying
off two year's taxes in one. Secre-
tary of the Treasury Morgenthau
told a press conference the Admin-
istration was "100 per cent behind
the committee tax plan."
The RumI Plan fight will come to
a head next Thursday when the
House takes up the committee bill.
The skip-a-year proposal will be
offered on the floor as a substitute.
Knutson described the Republican
conference, held in the HouseCham-
ber, as "the most harmonious Ive
attended in 27 years." He said the
vast majority were for the modified
Ruml proposal as embraced in the
bill by Rep. Carlson (Rep.-Kas.) He
told newspapermen that virtually
all the Democratic members from
one Southern -state, which he did
not name, were ready to vote for it.
High School To
Aid Manpower
Students Back New
Plan for Home Front
With "overwhelming enthusiasm"
the Ann Arbor High School student
council yesterday accepted the sug-
gestion by Mary Borman, Manpower
head, that they work with the Uni-
versity Manpower Corps.
In a discussion with high school
leaders Borman pointed out that
ranks of college men available for
vital war work was fast thinning and
that younger students could do much
of the work asked of University stu-
dents.
He proposed to make the Man-
power offices, publicity department
and secretarial set up available for
the high school organization. These
students will work side by side with
University men at the hospital, in
restaurants, on farms and collecting
scrap.
The student council referred the
question to a committee, which will
investigate the Manpower Corps set-
up. The committee will interview
members of the faculty for their
approval.
Acting Principal Robert Granvill
seemed to approve of the project.
saying that it was a student idea to
be carried out entirely by them on
-their own time.
Besides working after school there
is a possibility that the high school
may allow the students freeor study
periods to be given to the work, de-
pending upon the student's ability.
Other high schools in the city will
be contacted today and Borman felt
confident that the acceptance of the
idea will provide the Corps with a
new reservoir of manpower.
The high school group will work
with the Corps, but it will have its
own organization and leaders selec-
ted by themselves.
Two More Investigations
Will Be Started by House

WASHINGTON, March 18.-(P)-
The House ordered investigations
+n . l a s f+ m .:- a em ....A+..rArlyi

Beyoni
Patterson Asks
Draft of Home
Front Workers
Civilians Must Take
Farm, Factory Jobs
Committee Is Told
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, March 18.-With
the plea that America can save lives
on the fighting fronts by making a
greater effort at home, Undersecre-
tary of War Robert Patterson today
called for legislation to draft men
and women, when necessary, to fill
farm and factory jobs.
Earnestly he told the Senate Mili-
tary Committee that the time had
come when "wise and ordered" use
of manpower is necessarytand that
no one must be allowed to say,
do not choose to serve."
Stimson Objects
"I firmly believe," he added, "that
not until there is imposed on every
man and woman the equal obligation
to render service in the war effort
will this country make the all-out
war effort which is necessary and of
which we are capable."
As Patterson urged this far-reach-
ing step, it was disclosed that Secre-
tary of War Stimson had registered
fresh objections to a proposal by Rep.
Kilday (Dem.-Tex.) to forbid draft-
ing any married men in a state until
all single men in that state have
been called.
This measure is before the House
Rules Committee. Chairman Sabath
(Dem.-Oll.) said he had received a
letter of opposition from Stimson but
did not make it public. The War De-
parment and Selective Service had
objected earlier that the measure
would be too difficult to administer.
Labor Hearings
Meantime the House Labor Com-
mittee, going ahead with hearings on
absenteeism despite action by the
Naval Committee on the problem,
received a statement from President
R. J. Thomas of the United Automo-
bile Workers (CIO) contending that
any attempt to punish absenteeism
would only develop workers' resent-
ment and endanger labor morale. He
argued the problem must be ap-
proached from the standpoint of
improving protection for workers'
health and safety, better housing,
elimination of confusion, and im-
provement of worker morale.

Allied Planes Hit
14 Enemy Bases,
Attack Amboina
And New Guinea
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
AUSTRALIA, March 19. (Friday)-
Allied airmen sowed destruction over
the enemy's 2,000-mile invasion front
above Australia yesterday, blasting 14
Japanese bases, shooting out of ac-
tion seven planes, strafing oil barges,
and setting fires visible for 60 miles,
a communique said today.
The operations extended from Am-
boina and Timor in the northwestern
sector to New Ireland in the north-
east. The intermediate point of
Madang in Northeastern New Guinea
was particularly hard hit by the
Allies.
"Engulfed In Smoke"
A coordinated attack by heavy
bombers and long-range fighters on
the town and airdrome left Madang
"engulfed in smoke and flame visible
for 60 miles," the bulletin said. -
Thirty-eight tons of I bombs were
-iropped at Madang. Although heavy
anti-aircraft fire was encountered
there was no attempted fighter in-
terception, and "all our aircraft re-
turned."
Salamaua, farther south along the
New Guinea coast, also was hit, the
Allied airmen sweeping In "as 1low as
50 feet" to bomb and strafe buildings
and supplies and set many damaging
fires. Again no Japanese fighter in-
terception was attempted.
One Allied reconnaissance unit
turned in a brilliant feat over Am-
boina, Japanese-held D4tch island in
the Banda Sea.
Fights 10 Planes, Downs $tz
Intercepted by 10 enemy fighters,
"in a desperate air combat" the Allied
gunners shot six "out of action,"
damaged a seventh, and although
badly damaged "our plane reached its
base," the communique said.
The Dutch New Guinea village of
Timika, Penfoei Airdrome at Koe-
pang on Dutch Timor, 'and other
points were attacked in the north-
west. This area, like the northeastern
sector, is the scene of hurried Japan-
ese reinforcement efforts.
In the Kai Islands, a heavy bomber
raided the Japanese occupied town
of Langgoer.
Over Buka in the Northern Solo-
mons, Allied bombers carried on a
night long harrassing raid on the
airdrome.

Gafsa

Racial Leaders Pledge Loyalty to
United Nations in Panel Discussion

Ybarra Stresses P
Upper Hand in I
I A A 4

By BETTY KOFFMAN
"Make it clear to Latin-America
that you don't want to use your
strength, but make it clear that you
are strong."
This was the advice given by T. R.
Ybarra last night in his lecture on
"Litin-America Tomorrow" in the
final offering of the Oratorical As-
sociation Series.,
"Just now we are on top in Latin-
America, but we must plan for the
future in order to maintain our
prominence there," he said.
Stressing the need for a human,
rather than an economic approach,
Ybarra told of some of his boyhood
impressions of Venezuela.
"To me Latin-America is not an
economic or political abstraction of
nrnhlms in tlhe nroduction of coffee.

resent Nazi ambitions for expansion,
nevertheless there is certain sym-
pathy for Germany and admiration
of their militarism," he added.
Taking the audience on an imag-
inary tour to eleven of the most im-
portant of the Latin-American re-
publics, Ybarra described some of
the basic factors to be considered in
an understanding of relations be-
tween those countries and the United
States.
In an interview following the lec-
ture, Ybarra stated that the essence
of our Good Neighbor Policy should
be to look toward a greater improve-
ment in our relations with Latin-
America.
"This could best be accomplished,"
he added, "by forgetting past griev-
ances and making plans for the con-.

All-out loyalty of their respective
races to the cause of the United Na-
tions was the keynote of the panel
held last night in the Union by the
Inter-Racial Association in which
representatives of various races par-
ticipated.
The panel consisted of Rev. C. W.
Carpenter, representing the Negroes;
Rabbi Jehudah M. Cohen, speaking
for the Jews; Syed Kadri, speaking
'Strictly G', New
Daily 'Tabloid To
Be Issued Sunday
"There'll be some changes made"
when the Sunday Daily appears.
"Strictly GI" is utterly and com-
pletely different from anything that
has ever appeared under "The Michi-
gan Daily" head-and it's all because
of the war.
Eight pages of features, humor,
cartoons, news and pictures will make
up the tabloid supplement created
for the lads in blue and khaki. But
that doesn't mean that no one else
should read it. It's an experiment
where anything may be tried, and
everything probably will be.
If you hear a story that tickles
your sense of humor, send it over.
And service men, your spare time (if
you have any) and your talents in
writing, drawing and photography
1 m ill 1 _a - - u s m

for India; and Dr. David S. K. Dat,
speaking for China. Prof. A. K. Stev-
ens acted as chairman.
Each speaker emphasized his race's
determination to attain victory for
the United Nations, and each ex-
pressed his desire that'discrimination
against all minorities should cease.
Rabbi Cohen advanced the Idea that
enforced legislation should be used
to deal with anti-semitism.
Mr. Kadri stated that differences
in India were economic, not religious
since the Indian people highly respect
each others religions. He declared
that he believed that Russia will im-
pose the peace terms if the United
States doesn't assert itself.
Dr. Dai, speaking for China, stated
that the Chinese have fighting mor-
ale and the determination to win.
He desires equality for all peoples.
"The Negro is 100% behind doing
his part in bringing the German de-
feat," declared Reverend Carpenter.
"The Negro has always been loyal to
the United States in times of war."
He added the he hoped the problem
of Negro discrimination could be
solved after the war.
Help Needed at Hospital
Despite Fine Response
Still pleased with the student re-
sponse to their pleas for orderlies,
waiters and porters at the University
Hospital and Health Service, the in-
4'ditilti onamfl PPdmlr h bpn '11

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