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January 19, 1943 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1943-01-19

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VOL. LIH1 No. 79

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY. JAN: 19. 1943

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rsuq;j!i WAVE VXINWO

Russians Break Long Siege of Lenin

grad

RAF Hits
Berlin in
New Raid
Hitler's Capital Set in
Flames as 100,000
Incendiaries Deluge
City; 22 Planes Lost

1-

Let's Make sTUDENT' Mean Something

By EDWARD D. BALL-
Associated Press Correspondent
LONDON, Jan. 18.-- Berlin was
battered for the -second successive
time last night by a strong RAF force
which dropped hundreds of tons of
the biggest bombs the world has ever
known and set great fires in Hitler's
capital with perhaps 100,000 incendi-
aries.
The loss of 22 big bombers, com-
pared with one the night before, was
a heavy price to pay for any raid but
British observers said it was not pro-
hibitive in view of the large number
of aircraft attacking the very nerve
center of the German war machine.
"A great load of bombs was dropped'
arid, by the end of the attack, large
fires were burning," the Air Ministry
said.
Alert Sounded
A brief night alert sounded again
in London tonight when a few Axis
planes crossed the coast and headed
up the Thames. Some were driven
back quickly and those which ap-
proached the capital environs caused
only "trifling" damage. Crowds scur-
ried to the shelters however and
stayed there after the all-clear, ex-
pecting another alert. Slight gunfire
was heard.
The Berlin radio said 82 persons
were killed in Berlin in the two RAF
raids, 50 of them prisoners of war.
One southeast England town was
dive-bombed in the clear moonlight
and suffered considerable damage.
Nazis Softening
Some speculated that the devasta-
tive one-two stab at Berlin was part
of a softening process behind the
Nazi lines for the opening this year
of a second front on the continent.
German night fighters which had
been concentrated in the Ruhr to
combat persistent British attacks
there apparently were shifted hastily
back to Berlin and accounted for the
heavier price the RAF paid.
Walker Named
to Democratic
Chairmanship
Committee Charges
Flynn Attackers Are
Enemies of Roosevelt
By The Associated Press
CHICAGO, Jan. 18.-The Demo-
cratic National Committee elected
Postmaster General Frank C. Walker
today as party chairman to succeed
Edward J. Flynn, who has been nom-
inated by President Roosevelt as min-
ister to Australia and thePresident's
personal envoy in the Southwest Pa-
cific area.
The the committee unanimously
adopted a resolution declaring that
the recent attacks on Flynn, who
faces a Senate fight for confirmation,
were inspired by "enemies of Presi-
dent Roosevelt" who "dare not attack
the Commander-in-Chief in the
midst of a war."
Walker was elected national chair-
man without a dissenting vote. His
nomination, the only one placed be-
fore the committee, was by Culbert L.
Olson, former governor of California,
who declared that under Walker's
leadership "we can look forward to
the 1944 battle with the reformation
of our lines and with no recession
from our social objectives."
Before retiring from the chairman-
ship, Flynn told committee members
that he believed-it was their counsel
and influence "which made possible
a continuance of our Democratic con-
trol in Congress when many of us
doubted that such continuance of
control was possible."
NLRB Will Conduct

Plant Hearing Here
Natfion~ . nalaorRelations .RBoard

The word underneath the pasted
copy paper is "STUDENT." It was
blocked out one Saturday afternoon
in May, 1941, when University
plans for "packing" the Board in
Control of Student Publications
S*D T * *
AN EDITORIA L:

with more faculty members were
first revealed. The packing ma-
terialized the next month, despite
protests from more than 4,000 stu-
dents and a .vociferous faculty
group. This was " the first step in
-* * *

-Michigan Daily Photo (May 3, 1941)
the present dispute between the
Board and the student editors. To-.
day, Daily editors are asking for
the resignation of the inan who
was then appointed Chairman-
Prof. Gail E. Densmore. For details:
see editorial below, and on Page 2Z
RELIGION:
Carter, Ferre

Editors Ask Densmore
to Resign Board Position
THIS EDITORIAL asks the resignation of Prof. G. E. Densmore
from his post as chairman of the Board in Control of Student
Publications.
As the senior editors of The Daily, we have been closely associated
with Prof. Densmore during the past eight months and are now con-
vinced that he does not possess the qualifications required for the
important position of chairman of the Board.
Relations between the Board and the students on The Daily are
today at an all-time low. We firmly believe that the responsibility
for the present situation is largely attributable to Prof. Densmore.
It is for this reason that, in the best interests of the University and
The Daily, we ask for his resignation.
We believe, humbly, that a good Board member should have an
active interest in the problems of The Daily; that he should have the
respect and the friendship of the students; that he should attempt to
the best of his ability to understand the organization of the paper; and
that he should not allow his personal interests to influence his judg-
ment.
Prof. Densmore fails to fulfill any of these qualifications.
His only interest in The Daily seems to be to make it a harmless
and pacific newspaper so that it will cause hi As little trouble as pos-
sible. He appears to act on the assumption that any protest-from
whatever the source-necessarily means a flaw in The Daily.
As a result, at times his definition of what is bad does not even
depend upon his own judgment, but rather upon what someone else
has told him. More than once he has sharply reprimanded the Manag-
ing Editor for letting an item appear in the paper with the words,
"Why did you let that get into print? I haven't read it yet myself, but
so-and-so climbed up and down my frame about it." This, in our opin-
ion, is hardly a mature manner in which to decide what should or
should not appear in the columns of The Daily.
Prof. Densmore falls down just as badly on the second qualifica-
tion. He undoubtedly has less respect and fewer friends among the
students than any member of the Board in recent history. From the
time of his appointment in the summer of 1941 his attitude has invar-
iably been of the "we've-got-to-show-these-kids-who's-boss" variety.
As a result, he has earned the bitter resentment of nearly every staff
member with whom he has had any contact.
Thirdly, after a year and a half in office he knows' practically
nothing about the organization of The Daily. He does not under-
stand the relationship of the various editors and staffs, and is con-
stantly placing blame on the shoulders of junior night editors when
it should be placed on the senior editors, and vice versa. It had to
be explained twice to him by other Board meibers during appoint-
ments that a night editor is not responsible for what editorials appear
in any issue.
His complete ignorance of the technical side of The Daily and
of the tenets of working journalism makes him unable to judge com-
petently applicants for appointment or to aid in the solution of The
Daily's many Iproblems.
Lastly, Prof. Densmore constantly injects his personal desires and
interests into the official business of the Board. He magnifies out
of all proportion what he considers "slights" to the Department of
Speech, of which he is chairman. He has never forgiven one night
editor who in a particularly small issue was forced to omit a story
in some way connected with the speech department.
Recently he told a member of his department to demand front
a sophomore reporter the written reasons why a certain story had not
appeared. The young reporter, who was not at fault, was extremely
frightened and thought she had done something terribly wrong. This
is only one instance when Prof. Densmore has misused the power
which is his as chairman of the Board.
We ~have n uat wittn+hic, sAitniaoI~. o au.r nnin h1actt _ If v.nvvP-

'Will Lecture,,
at CO nference
Lieut.-Col. Thomas W. Carter,
chaplain at St. Louis, Mo., and Prof.
Nels F. S. Ferre of Andover-Newton
Seminary, Mass., will be the principal
speakers in the second day of the
Fourth Annual Michigan Pastors'
Conference at the Rackham Building.
Professor Ferre will lecture twice
tomorrow before 300 pastors, repre-
senting 14 different religious groups.
At 10:30 a.m. he will speak on "Chris-
tianity and the Individual," and at
2:30 p.m. he will discuss "Christianity
and the Church."
Colonel Carter, who is stationed at
the District Chaplain Headquarters,
St. Louis, will lecture on "The Ameri-
can Soldier and the Army Chaplain."
Sponsored by the Michigan Coun-
cil of Churches and Christian Edu-
cation, and the Extension Service of
the University, the conference is con-
sidering the general theme of "The
Function of Religion in a Period of
Transition."
Denominational lunches will be
held by 12 groups today. Prof. How-
ard Y. McClusky of the School of
Education will speak on "The Out-
look for Youth" at the banquet at
6 p.m. today at the League.
First meetings of the eight forums
will open at 9 a.m. today. Experts
in the fields of international, indus-
trial, race, and marital relations,
town and rural church, the alcohol
problem, Christian education, and
evangelism will lead the discussions.
'Gar g' Comes
Out Tomorrow,,
New Issue Features
Typical Campus Life 4
Gargoyle's post-holiday issue of1
humor designed to relax the pre-final
tension will go on sale tomorrow.
The pages of the magazine will be
colored with pictures of campus life:
the University at play, at work and at
study. To show a representative cross-
section of typical student activities
the camera will follow two sets of
twins through their day. This "dou-
ble exposure" shows the twins bowl-
ing, studying, coking, playing and
skating.
Beauties photographed for the Al-
bum reflect campus opinion, for the
three women selected to pose were
suggested by student ballot.
The pen as well as the camera de-
picts campus scenes in sketches drawn
by Mickey McGuire and Betty Kef-
aon 'Th1 ap Am nwinat.c ,I, a dAlfnr-

British Drive
to 100 Miles
from Tripoli
Allied Bombers Lead
Way With Powerful
Blows at Rommel;
Little Action on Ground
- By STEPHEN BARBER_
Associated Press Correspondent
CAIRO, Jan. 18-The British Army
in Libya,- driving Field Marshal Rom-
mel westward along a 70-mile-long
front stretching inland from the
coast, stood tonight less than 100
miles from Tripoli, the greatest col-
onial port left to Italy in all Africa
but a port now so scarred by Aliqd
bombing that it is no longer consid
ered. a major enemy base.
Offensive Renewed
Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's
renewed offensive, which had rolled
about .a hundred miles since the de-
struction of Rommel's main line at
Buerat El Hsun, 'was going forward
along the coast and from the vicinity
of Beni Ulid inland. Thus on his left,
Montgomery, was, cutting straight
across the Tripolitanian hump, and
before him the Allied Air Force beat
at the retreating Axis- forces with
powerful effect. Squadrons were be-
ing moved up rapidly as,air field af-
ter air field- fell into British hands
in Montgomery's long march toward
Tunisia and: the rendezvous with
Lieut Qen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's
North Africani forces. -
Tunisian Activity Light
(Ground action in Tunisia again
was virtually at a standstill because
of rain, and air activity also was light.
Allied headquarters annou ced that
small Alied 'bomber -forces had at-
tacked road and, railway transport
moving from the Axis-held supply
ports and reported the destruction .of
three German planes and the lossl cf
two Allied -craft. --
(Recapitulating action from the
beginning of the Tunisian campaign
through Jan. 15, the 12th US. Air
Force announced that 194 Gefrian .
and Italian planes had been smashd
by U.S. fliers inethat period against
the loss of 97 American planes.
Naval Forces Successful 1
(British light naval forces and sub-
marines scored new successes slong
the Axis'- sea lanes in the Mediter-
ranean, sinking or mortally forcing
aground five merchant ships and
damaging an escort ship, the Admir-
alty announced in London.
General Montgomery's rapid ad-
vance in the last section of Tripoli-
tania held by the Axis was overruR
ning resistance which in some areas
was fairly heavy-pockets of artillery
batteries, machine-gun nests and
mine fields.
Brown Gets
Unanimous
Senate Vote
Michigan's Former
Senator Prepared
to Administer OPA
WASHINGTON, Jan. 18.- (')--
The Senate unanimously approved to-
day President Roosevelt's appoint-
ment of Prentiss M. Brown as Price
Administrator and the former Michi-
gan Senator declared that he would{
do his best to alleviate, as far as he
was able, the wartime "hardships we
all must suffer,"

Brown prepared to take over im-
mediately as successor to Leon Hen-
derson, resigned.-
Chairman Wagner (Dem. - N.Y.)
brought the Brown appointment be-
fore the Senate with the statement
that it had been unanimously ap-
proved by the Banking Committee.
When he urged immediate considera-
tion, Minority Leader McNary of Ore-
gon said that because he was in-
formed the Administration was anx-
ious to have Brown assume his duties
as soon as possible, Republicans would
not stand on their technical right to
force at least one day's delay.
McNary announced that Senator
Ferguson (Rep.-Mich.), who defeated
Brown for re-election last Nov. 3, was
raising no obJection- to the nomina-
tion. it was confirmed without a dis-
senting voice, but later Senator Moore
(Rep.-Okla.) issued a statement call-

Coal Strike
Settlement
Up to FDR
By TED MEIER'
Associated Press Correspondent
WILKE4S-BARRE; Pa., Jan. 18.-1
The unauthorized strike in Pennsyl-
vania's hard coal fields, which has
defied every effort at settlement, was
placed in President Roosevelt's hands;
today: by the War Labor Board.
In previous cases involving labor
or- management troubles, this step
usually has preceded government
seizure of properties involved.
Announcement at Washington that'
the White House had taken the srike1
Under advisement came shortly after
the first United Mine Workers Local'
to walk out in the 19-day-old stop-
page voted by a slim, four-vote mar-t rtr o ok
-The Local, with a membership of
1200, at the Glen Alden Coal Co-s
pany's South Wilkes-Barre Colliery,
was the first to report of four large
mines voting today and tonighton the'
flack - to - work question. Altogether
abU t16,000 miners are idle.'
However, the second local to vote,1
the 1,600-member Woodward Colliery
of Glen Alden, decided to stay out.
The nearly-unanimous action' was
taken by voice vote, whereas the;
South Wilkes-Barre Local had taken,
a secret ballot.
AMA Decision
Is Confirmed
by High Court
WASHINGTON, Jan. 18.-R)-The
Supreme Court today upheld the con-
viction of the American Medical Asso-
ciation and the Dstrict of Columbia
Medical Society on charges that they
sought to hamstring a cooperative
group health plan, and thereby vio-
lated the Sherman Anti-Trust Act.
The medical associations were fined
$2,500 and $1,500, respectively, on
charges that they conspired to "re-
strain trade" by influencing physi
cians and hospitals to boycott Group
Health Association, Inc., a cooperative
organization of 3,300 government em-
ployes in the District of Columbia.
Group Health was set up to provide
medical care and hospitalization foi
its members on a prepayment plan.
'e decision noted that such a plan
"was contrary to the code of ethics"
of the AMA.
The Court's vote was 6 to 0. justices
Murphy and Jackson, former Attor-
neys General, did not participate.
Thie opinion, written by Justice
Roberts, was devoted chiefly to legal
technicalities. It found that the Court
did not need to consider or decide the
question of principal interest to lay-
men raised by the appeald-whether a
physician's practice of his profession
constitutes "trade" within themean-
ing of thek Sherman Act, which pro-
hibits combinations in restraint of
trade.
Don't Tear Your Hir
over This One, Boys
DETROIT, Jan. 18.- (P)- Another
increase in the cost of living made its
appearance here today when a ten
$2,500olendi $Qi1,V ,resevely, on c

German Defenses
Blasted by Reds
Four Nazi Divisions Routed to Bring
Relief to Three Million in Vital City
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Jan. 18.-The 17-month-old German siege of Leningrad,
Russia's second largest city, was lifted today by a triumphant Red Army
that blasted its way through eight miles of solid Nazi defenses, killed 13,000
Germans, and routed four divisions, a special Soviet communique announced
tonight.
Breaking the blockade of Leningrad brings relief to 3,000,000 persons
and also releases the Nazi grip on the flow of Soviet armaments and other
industrial facilities in the big city on the Gulf of Finland. Observers also

>foresaw a new turn in the entire war
because Leningrad is a springboard
for reconquest of the Baltic States.
This great news, announced in a
Moscow broadcast heard here by the
Soviet monitor, was a further damag-
ing blow to German morale because
Leningrad had been in a powerful
Nazi vise since Aug. 21, 1941.
"After seven days fighting the
troops of the Volkl'ov and Leningrad
fronts united on Jan. 18 and so broke
the blockade of Leningrad," said the
communique.
Gains Extend to Caucasus
But this wasn't the whole Russian
story. Moscow announced important
gains all along the snow-covered
front, extending clear into the Cau-
casus.
Other Red armies gained in the ad-
vance on-Kharkov, steel city in the
Ukraine, with Russian vanguards less
than 118 miles from that city.
Russian troops also fought their
way into Kamensk, railway point only
85 miles north of Rostov, and poured
across the Donets River below that
city on themost feasible route to-
ward Rostov whose capture would bag
all the Nazi armies in the Caucasus.
In the Caucasus they crossed the
Manych River and seized Divnoye,
rail terminal of a line that winds
across the central area to Kropotkin
on the Rostov-Baku railway.
Nazi Fortress Stormed
Schluesselburg, big Nazi fortress on
the south shore of Lake Ladoga about
25 miles east of Leningrad, was
among a dozen localities stormed and
captured by Russia's winter-hard-
ened troops.
The Russians hit it from three di-
┬░ections, fighting their way through
14 kilometers-8.6 miles-of mine
Mields, barbed wire, steel and concrete
pillboxes. One Red column fought
eastward from Leningrad along the
vest bank of the Neva River; another
struck west along Lake Ladoga; and
a third group crossed the Volkhov
diver to strike from the soUth.
War Contracts
Win Be Probed
House Investigates
Profiteering Charge
WASHINGTON, Jan. 18.- (P)-
tligh Army and Navy officials will be
-ummoned before the House Rules
Committee to explain why their de-
,artments authorized war contracts
which, the House Naval and Military
Committees charged, permitted huge
lees and profits.
The Rules Committee's aecision to-
lay to hold the hearings followed re-
)orts by Chairman Vinson (Dem.-.
Ga.) and Chairman May (Dem.-Ky.)
of the House Naval and Military com-
mittees, respectively, that investiga-
tions by their groups had produced
savings of more than $2,000,000,000,
chiefly through renegotiation of con-
tracts.
Rep. Fish (Rep.-N.Y.) ranking Re-
publican member of the Rules Coin-
,mittee, declared it was "obvious that
somebody was sleeping and we want
to know who it was and whether we
shouldn't do something about it."
17=Year-olds May
Now Join Reserves
BOSTON, Jan. 18.- ( ) -Authori-
zation for the enlistment of 17-year-
old qualified American citizens in the
Army Reserves-to be called into ser-
vice within six months after they
reach their 18th birthday-was an-
nounced today by Major General

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