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4.- '-- -1-
. R q S ?, C _ WR
By D REW P E A R $ O N"-~ -
FDR Predicts Victory
In Aggressive Address
lyl President of the United States yesterday
spoke to the people of his Nation. In his best
style he spoke of the future-of victory in the
future and of a secure economic order in the
Franklin Roosevelt promised us a favorable
year yesterday. To the Congress of the United
States he said:
"I tell you it is within the realm of possibility
that this seventy-eighth Congress may have the
historic privilege of helping greatly to save the
world from future fear."
And he followed that up with a few simple
words thattold America that the Axis struggle
was now futile:
" HEAXIS POWERS knew that they must win
the war in 1942-or eventually lose every-
thing. I do not need to tell you that our enemies
did .not win this war in 1942."
It was a determined, aggressive speech that
the President made yesterday. It showed that
he was fighting with his Nation for a tremen-
4ous victory over Axis aggressors and that he,
personally, was leading the fight.
But he was more than fighter in his address
on the state of the Nation. He indicated a pro-
gressive economic future in which freedom from
want would be realized for America.
"We should never forget the things we are
"The men in our armed forces want a lasting
peace and, equally, they want permanent em-
ployment for themselves, their families and their
neighbors when they are mustered out at the end
Those few words spoken by the President are
no blueprint of a plan to free America from
want, but they are an indication of the progres-
siye - thought that has always been back of
Those thoughts belonged in Franklin Roose-
velt's fighting speech as much as the promises
of victory and the review of a year which
'trengthened America. They showed that the
ider of the United States hadnot given up
his ideals and his principles for the duration.
When the President reviewed the last year he
showed an America pushing itself to supremacy
on the battle line and to leadership on the pro-
duction line. He showed a fighting America that
in one year produced 48,000 military planes. He
told of a Nation that .is surging toward victory.
HE victory of the factory was as much a part
of a fighting America as the Roosevelt ideals
and the fighting men. all over the world. And
the President promised even greater production
in the years of the seventy-eighth Congress.
,Every part of that great speech showed that
4t was the fighting speech of a fighting man.
.t'was a speech full of inspiration and deter-
The people of the United States have a great
l.eder to rally behind in a time of great crisis.
Apd that leader is a man who has retained his
progressiveness in spite of the destructive chau-
viism of inferior congressmen, in spite of often
hstile public opinion.
It IS the duty of the seventy-eighth Congress
and the people of the United States to bring
their thought to the steel-hard determination
f'their leader. The new Congress and the
eople have a leader worthy of them-a leader
who will win a war for the people.
We now see the Chief Executive more clearly
Lend-Lease Should Be
Continued After War
THE LEND-LEASE PROGRAM is too big and
important a thing to be kicked around a po-
litical playground. It has accomplished too much
good, and carries too hopeful a significance for
the future to be chopped apart in a political
Yet that is what Senator Wheeler and a like
thinker, Senator Butler of Nebraska, are aim-
ing at in the present Congressional session.
A motion is to be introduced to investigate the
act's administration with a view to transferring
control to Congress.
Basis of the motion to investigate is the vague
spectre, waste, along with the intention to apply
legislative checks to the administration of the
WHERE reports of waste may have arisen and
what justification may exist for them is dif-
ficult to see. By the very nature of lend-lease
contracts and shipments to our allies the opera-
tions have been carried on in extreme secrecy,
secrecy insisted upon by our high military and
naval chiefs. The good effects of that secrecy
have been evident in recent reports from battle
zones, where surprised Axis opponents have been
increasingly thwarted by Allied armament equal-
ity, and often superiority, achieved short months
after we suffered our most bitter and disheart-
There has probably been waste in lease-lend
activities. Sudden, desperate expansion must be
accompanied by waste, the kind that is unavoid-
able when people are unprepared. But to use
one of General Knudsen's phrases, the expan-
sion of American industry was not a "bits and
pieces" job. It was conceived and executed
broadly; we know it has been effective. And who
will call winning the war a waste of money?
But behind the talk of waste and legislative
checks, one long-run factor exists which un-
doubtedly has influenced Senator Wheeler, the
isolationist leader, and Senator Butler, an en-
emy of reciprocal trade agreements far more
than the immediate objects of attack.
Lease-lend, extended into the post-war era,
would certainly spell the end of American isola-
tion. Economic activity under the act would
bind us closer to the rest of the world than could
any political agreements aloie. That is what
Wheeler and Butler fear. But it is also the con-
dition which would make the Atlantic Charter
vital and contribute immeasurably to safeguard-
ing the peace of the world.
- Henry Petersen
Negro Congressman's Farewell
One farewell speech stands out among those
spoken by retiring members of the Seventy-Sev-
enth Congress, which officially ended Sunday.
The speaker was Representative Arthur W.
Mitchell of Illinois, the only Negro in Congress.
"There rests in my heart and soul no bitter-
ness against any member of this House. There
is no individual in the world against whom I
carry bitterness. Like my great benefactor,
Booker T. Washington, I shall never stoop so
low as to hate.
"I did not choose to be a candidate because
I felt there was a bigger work I could do for
my people, and particularly for m'y South-
land, than I could do here in Congress.
"Tomorrow I go to live in Virginia. If you
see me 24 hours from now, you will see me
in overalls on my own farm. I go down there
Ie' d Rather
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK-States' rights will win the war.
I don't believe it, either, but one hears it in
Washington. A return of power to local com-
munities will win the war. Victory lies in the
state capitals; a banner with a strange device.
But, one also hears, a return of power to
Congress will win the war. One big Congres-
sional committee to run the war, will win the
Put the two slogans together and they read:
More power everywhere except in the White
House will win the war.
Or, pass the Walter-Logan Bill. That would
let any Federal court review any administrative
act, while the war waited. More lawsuits will
win the war. More judges will win the war. If
your Honor please, I move we win the war,
LITTLE GAMES TO WIN THE WAR
More tennis will win the war. More badminton
will win the war. More backgammon will win
the war. No, sorry, those were the slogans of a
year ago. Business has dropped them. The ads
now sell the war straight: Winning the war will
win the war.
But in high places the little games go on.
A full-scale investigation of lease-lend will
win the war. What war? Why, the war against
Harry Hopkins. Keep calm. This is your Con-
Change the administration in Puerto Rico
and win the war. What war? Why, the total
war against Tugwell. Haven't you heard?
Less muddling will win the war. That's the
trouble with the President. He muddles. He
doesn't know what he wants.
Does Congress know what it wants? Certainly.
More states' rights will win the war. More power
for Congress will win the war. More power for
judges will win the war. More power for auto-
mobilists will win the war. And more badminton.
SOMEWHERE, THE LARGE ANSWER
Will these decentralizing strategies win the
war, indeed? Or aren't they mere maudlin hank-
erings, based on the good old (but today irrele-
vant) American fear of government? Aren't they
little games, like more tennis to win the war?
Somewhere there must be a big answer as to
what will really win the war. Probably it is
complicated and slightly terrifying; it may
include a universal war service act (such as
Britain has had for almost three years) to en-
able government to assign workers to vital
jobs; and taxes higher than we have yet
dreamed of; and a statement on colonies
which our side has not yet made; and the
grim,- honest courage needed to put North
African fascists in jail and take North African
democrats out of jail; and the even deadlier
courage needed to enable a legislator to keep
his face closed about a gasoline shortage, and
to realize a gasoline shortage goes with war,
It is easier, and pleasanter, to select a little
game, and play it. The housewife escapes from
the war at a funny movie. A Congressman does
it by talking about states' rights, and more
power for judges.
SOFT LIGHTS, SWEET MUSIC
WASHINGTON-Behind the visit
of ex-Ambassador Joseph P. Ken-
nedy to the White House recently
was the fact that Joe was about to
publish a book. The President,
hearing about the book, and know-
ing something of Joe's mercurial
temperament so far as Roosevelt's
foreign policies were concerned,
suggested that Joe send him a copy.
Among other things, the Presi-
dent was fearful that Kennedy
would disclose incidents during his
term as U.S. Ambassador to Great
Britain which would offend the
British during wartime.
When FDR received the book, his
suspicions.were justified. It had
the qualities of a sure best-seller,
but at the expense of a lot of peo-
ple, including not only the British
but Harry Hopkins.
So the President suggested to
Joe that he drop in for a visit. And
for about an hour the President
argued against publication of the
book now, indicating that it would
play into the hands of Axis propa-
"I don't care what you say after
the war is over, Joe,' declared the
President in effet, "but now is the
wrong time to say it."
Kennedy finally agreed to hold
up publication. This has.been a
blow to his Republican and isola-
tionist friends who are still urgig
him to publish the book before the
1944 elections..They figure it would
be the best campaign document of
Meanwhile, it seems certain that
the Prodigal will be given a job in-
side the Administration. Joe's re-
turn is meeting with a lot of oppo-
sition from various New Dealers,
but the President himself always
has been fond of Kennedy even
when they differed vigorously. He
also realizes that Joe has great in-
fluence among Irish-Church groups,
some of which are not too enthu-
siastic over. the war.
Also Kennedy did an outstanding
job of organizing the Seurities
and Exchange Commission, and has
a knack for getting along with Con-
gress. So Joe probably will be of-
fered a job as a rtioning adin-
istrator or on the manpower board,
where he can use his Irish charm
and genial persuasiveness to win
the puiblic over to these unpopular
TrHE War Production Board is
watching with interest the un-
usual move of North Carolina's J.
Melville Broughton in inserting
page advertisements in current
magazines .pointing out that North
Carolina welcomes the development
of the sponge iron industry.
Sponge iron is one of WP's poor
relations, which finally got belated
WPB approval as one way, to lick
the acute steel shortage, but which
is still opposed tooth and nail by
the big steel companies.
Governor Broughton, however,
points out that North Carolina once
was one of thethriving iron cen-
ters of the U.S.A., and wants to
bring back, under the cheap, quick
sponge iron process, what the big
steel companies took away with
their expensive, highly concen-
trated blast furnaces.
This week, he is following up his
advertisements with a letter to
leading newspapers and magazines,
pointing out the national possibili-
ties of sponge iron and urging aid
in breaking the bottleneck in
No Lame Duck Norris
SENATOR GEORGE NORRIS left
the Congress he had served
for forty faithful years as probably
the only man who has turned down
an important and lucrative govern-
ment job. .
The President was ready and
anxious to appoint him chairman
of the Tennessee Valley Authority,
which Norris after years of fight-
ing finally put through Congress.
But the old gentleman flatly re-
"What would I look like," he
said, "taking a job as a lame duck
when I passed a Constitutional
amendment abolishing the lame
"Besides," Norris added, "my
place is out in Nebraska. I'm going
So Senator Norris is going back
to McCook, Neb., to his very small,
humble bungalow, and hang out
his law shingle.
Meanwhile, he has made one
other commitment. He has ac-
cepted the chairmanship of a com-
mittee of labor and farmers eager
to see the war vigorously prose-
cuted, eager that the President fol-
low a progressive domestic policy,
and finally, eager that public opin-
ion be moulded to assure the peace
after the war.
The movement still is in an em-
bryo form, but Norris has consented
to be chairman, to speak for it,
and to come back to Washington
from time to .time to help push
things. So his friends are expect-
ing that he will divide his time be-
tween Nebraska and Washington.
NOW that the Russian campaign
is a nightmare most Germans
would like to wake up from, neutral
reports state that they are trying
to fix the blame for starting it.
Probably no one is mentioning it
above a whisper, but everyone in
the German high command knows
that that blame must fall on Hitler.
Among those who warned stern-
ly against attempting war against
Russia were two Germans then
serving in Moscow, two men who
knew Russia well and knew what
she was capable of doing.
1. Ambassador Count von Schu-
lenberg, who was Hitler's Ambassa-
dor to Moscow before the blow fell.
He was known as the father of the
Soviet-German pact, which the
Russians called "the pact von
Schulenberg." He had fought in
the 1914-15 German campaigns in
Russia, also in Turkey. He,- knew
the Russian people and the Rus-
sian military strength. When he
first heard proposals of a military
campaigi against Russia, he ex-
pressed the gravest apprehension
and did his utmost to prevent it.
2. Lieut.-Gen. Koestring, who was
German military attache in Moscow
until the blow struck. He, too, had
seen much of Russia, had fought
against the Russians. He was a
member of Gen. von Hindenburg's
staff during ..the great campaign
which culminated in the battle of
Tannenberg, August, 1914.
These hard-headed realists are
now doubtless telling their friends,
behind, their hands, what warnings
they uttered in-1941-all of which
is not calculated to strengthen the
sign-painter's prestige among the
(copyright, 1943, United Features Synd.)
13, at 4:15 p.m. in Room D, Alumni
Tickets for the series of lectures
may be procured from the Secretary
of the Department of Romance Lang-
uages (Room 112, Romance Language
Building) or at the door at the time
of the lecture.
Open to the public.
Pre-medical students: The Medical
Aptitude Test of the Association of
American Colleges will be given at the
University of Michigan on Friday,
January 22. Any student who is plan-
ning to enter a medical school and
who has not previously taken this
test should do so at this time.
Further information may be -ob-
tained in Room 4, University Hall,
and tickets should be purchased im -
mediately at the Cashier's Office.
Doctoral Examination for Nathan-
iel Grier, Pharmaceutical Chemistry;
thesis: "Antispasmodics: Basic-Alkyl
Esters of p-Xenylacetic Acid and
Substituted p-Xenylacetic Acids," will
be held on Saturday, January 9, in
309 Chemistry, at 9:00 a.m. Chair-
man, F. F. Bicke.
By action of the Executive Board,
the Chairman may invite members of
the faculties and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend the examination
and he may grant permission to those
who for sufficient reason might wish
to be present. -C. S. Yoakum
Franklin Mitchell, organist, will
present a recital in partial fulfillment
of the requirements for the degree of
Master of Music at 4:15 p.m. today,
in Hill Auditorium. His program will
include works by Bach, Karg-Elrt,
Franck, Copland and Widor. The
public is cordially invited.
Exhibition, University Museums:
"Animals on our Fighting Fronts-Il.
Birds". Sixty-five birds collected from
various countries which are now con-
sdered as war zones, such as New
Guinea, Solomon Islands, Africa,
England, etc. This particular series
will be exhibited until January 1.
=irst floor rotunda, University Muse-
ums. Open daily 8-5; Sunday 2 to 5.
The public is invited.
Rehearsal of the Women's Glee
Club today at 4:00 p.m. in the Kala-
mazoo Room. Attendance required.
Broadcast on Saturday.
The W.A.A. Leadership Course will
meet today in Barbour Gymnasium at
five o'clock instead of four, so that
all interested may attend the Occu-
The Surgical Dressing Unit will be
open this afternoon from 1:00 until
5:00. All women interested in making
dressings for the American Red Cross
are urged to come.
Wesley Foundation: Bible Class will
meet tonight in the Wesley Lounge
at 7:36. Dr. Brashares will lead the
discussion on "John." At 9:30 p.m. a
group will leave for a Roller Skating
party. Call 6881 for reservations.
Presbyterian Student Guild will
have a skating party tonight. Meet
at the church at 7:45 p.m. There will
be dancing and refreshments after-
wards at 10:30 p.m.
Episcopal. Students: Tea will be
served for Episcopal students and
their friends by the Canterbury Club
this afternoon, 4:00 to 5:30, in Harris
All sorority women: Remember to
wear publicity tags for Victory Vani-
The Ann Arbor Library Club will
meet in the Amphitheatre of the
Rackham. Building at 7:45 p.m. on
Monday, January 11.
Professor Rudolph H. Gjelsness,
Chairman of the Department of Li-
brary Science, will speak on "Colom-
bian-U.S. Cooperation in Library In-
struction at Bogota, Summer 1942."
Members of the Club and their
guests are cordially invited. Refresh-
The I.Ae.S. will meet at the Union
Monday, Jan. 11, at 7:30 p.m. to .hear
Prof. E. T. Vincent discuss "The Cool-
ing of Aircraft Engines." All engi-
neers are invited. The Institute's En-
sian photograph will be taken at
Spedding's Studio, 619 E. Liberty, at
5:00 p.m., Tuesday, Jan. 12. All mem-
bers are requested to be present.
International Center: On Sunday,
Jan. 10, at 7:30 p.m., in the Interna-
tional Center the regular Sunday
Evening Program will be talks by
two of the foreign students on "Con-
ditions in Europe as We Saw Them".
Mr. Orhan Koraltan, will describe
his experiences in traveling by train
through Bulgaria, Hungary, Ger-
many, Switzerland, France, Spain,
and Portugal a few months ago; and
Mr. Rudolf Nobel will tell of his ex-
periences as a soldier of the French
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 2)
Refresher Courses in Mathematics:
The following refresher courses are
being offered by the Department
of Mathematics and will contin-
ue until the opening of the spring
term : Trigonometry, Tuesday, 4:00-
5:30 p.m.; School and College Alge-
bra, Thursday, 4-5:30 p.m.; and
Plane Analytic Geometry, Saturday,
4-5:30 p.m.; all these courses will
meet in Room 3010 Angell Hall. These
courses are intended for members of
the faculty who expect to be available
to. assist the Department of Mathe-
matics in the teaching of freshman
mathematics in the spring term. It
is suggested that all such persons
should plan to attend one or more of
these refresher courses.
-T. H. Ilildebrandt
Detroit Armenian Club Scholar-
ship: Undergraduate students of Ar-
familiar and pleasant. It is nice,
but it has nothing to do with the
menian parentage residing in the De-t
troit area who have earned 30 hours1
of college credit are eligible to apply
for the $100 scholarship offered for
1943-44 by the Detroit Armenian Wo-
men's Club. Applications must be
made by May 15. For further details,
inquire of Dr. F. E. Robbins, 1021
University Lectures: Dr. J. Harlan
Bretz, Professor of Geology in the
University of Chicago, will lecture on
the subject, "Life History of Lime-
stone Caverns" (illustrated) at 4:15
p.m., Tuesday, January 12, in the
Rackham Amphitheatre, under the
auspices of the Department of Ge-
ology. The public is cordially invited.
At 8:00 p.n., in Room 2054 Natural
Science Bldg., Professor Bretz will
University Lecture: Dr. S. S. Kist-
ler of the Norton Company will lec-
ture on the subject, "The Measure-
ment of Surface Area in Microporous
Solids", under the auspices of the