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Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
6f, Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during .the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day aund Tuesday during the sumomer session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights
of republication of all other matters herein also reserved.'
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by carrier,
$4.25. by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942.43
NEPREBSNTED FOR NATIONAL AbV5RTI3ING UY
National Advertising Service, Inc.
420 MADIGON AVe. NEw YORK. N. Y.
CrncAle o BosToN * Los ANGEL8 t*SA FRANCiSCO
Fighters In Tin
A .Drag On Production.
George W. SalladO
. Managing Editor.
. E4itorial irector
. * -City Editor
. . Associate Editor
. . Associate Editor
S i pots Editor'
. . Women's Editor'
Associate Sports' Editor
Adward J. Perlberg
Fred M. Ginsberg"
Mai-y Lou Curran
jame6' Danieis .
. . Business Manager
Associate Business Mainager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager
Publications Sales Analyst
By MARION FORD
HIS is the story of a local war
plant where skilled workers have
been fired because of a "change in
the war situation," where workers
will tell you all about it but won't
let you use their names for fear of
being black-listed, and where com-
pany officials refuse to answer
charges except under promises of
The plant, International Indus-
tries, makers of precision parts for
bombers, airplane radios and fire
extinguishers, recently released
practically the entire night crew
and a good portion of the day crew,
according to workers in the plant.
Demanding to know why people
were interested in "our poor little
plant," officials at first denied all
rumors of a lay-off. Later, they ad-
mitted that there had been some
releases, but minimized the impor-
tance of the matter stating that it
was just one of those things-"we
do it every month or so."
All of which may be very true,
and justified, but it seems to us a
mighty inefficient way to run a
factory. The public jumps three
feet in the air when workers in De-
troit strike for an hour and a half.
but when a local and extremely
vital defense factory lays off work-
ers not a word is said.
Actual figures concerning the
lay-off are unobtainable. Workers'
estimates vary anywhere from two
to four hundred in sharp contrast
to the conservative figure voiced by
plant directors. Confronted with
such widely divergent figures, one
is at a loss to explain. Which to
believe-the workers or the mana-
As a matter of fact, none of the
workers' stories coincide in all re-
spects with those of plant authori-
ties and some of them are down-
The workers' stories were identi-
cal and included even such precise
figures as 46 laid off in lens polish-
ing, 40 in inspection, 20 in the ma-
chine shop, 26 in the lens cleaning.
Managers say the lay-off is due
to a lack of material. Workers were
told it was due to the fact "that
the Allied offensive in Africa has
changed the need for airplane
A possible solution to the ques-
tion might be due, as plant officials
suggested, to the fact
workers were bitter and
WHICH is all too true-the
workers certainly didn't under-
"tand! According to plant officials
the lay-off was only temporary and
workers would be welcomed back
with open arms as soon as there
'Vas work for them to do. But, no
matter whether this was true or
not, the workers DID NOT KNOW
.BOUT IT. As a matter of fact,
they not only did not know about it
'ut were led to believe that the
situation would continue indefi-
Managers maintained that not
only was the plant willing to hire
them back when the time came, but
was anxious to get them jobs else-
where if they were not willing to
wait. All of which is a very char-
itable and considerate notion,-but
the workers did not know it! Al-
though officials said that all work-
ers had to do was come to the of-
"ice, ask for a job and it would im-
mediately be arranged, they ex-
pressed surprise that only two peo-
ple came around.
This is not meant to be an indict-
ment against International. Al-
though the plant is unorganized
and consequently able to hire and
fire indiscriminately, and although
they often lay off workers for three,
four, eight and ten days at a time
(they must be laid off two weeks
before being eligible for unemploy-
ment compensation) they are, as
was pointed out, unable to do any-
thing about the situation,
According to the managers, and
the explanation is a reasonable one,
the lay-offs are simply due to a
lack of material. This is not the
first time we have heard complaints
in this vein, and they appear legiti-
mate. A scarcity of glass, however,
seems rather illogical and can be
traced, as the managers themselves
pointed out, not to an actual short-
age, but to the fact that vast sup-
plies, enough for months, even
years ahead, are lying in store-
rooms all over the country unable
to be converted into much needed
bombsights and other optical in-
struments because they are ear-
marked for Army, Navy or Marine.
NIGHT EDITOR: ROBERT PREISKEL
.Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
You Can Use System
Of Prorating Credits
IMMINENCE of being called to the armed forces
before the end of the semester once more has
raised the question of completing degree pro-
grams. The Board of Regents last spring pro-
vided positive protection to drafted students by
allowing prorated credits for work already ac-
complished during the semester.
This is the way the plan works:
1) The student should consult with the dean
of his college.
2) The dean will arrange with the students'
instructors to examine him and give him
credit for work done.
3) If the induction date is known, work can
often be speeded up so that full credit for a
course may be given before the student leaves.
The requirement for a degree is simply that
the requisite amount of work be credited. Thus,
if the student can, through prorated credits or
a speeded program, complete the proper number
of hours, he may receive his degree.
Those seniors graduating in February who are
.now in the Army Enlisted Reserve Corps need
not fear that their degree is forever lost to them
b&use of quick inductin. If the proper num-
ber of hours can be earned through prorating,
a degree will be granted. - -
However, this does not mean that a rush of
consultations with deans is needed. The pro-
tection stands. When the orders to the Enlisted
Reserve finally come through the deans will
make the necessary arrangements for examina-
tions and credit allowances.
- Lee Gordenker
Fish's Present Position
Is GOP Strategic Move
REPRESENTATIVE HAM FISH of NeW York,
long notorious for his pro-Munich isolation-
ism, this week cut his official connections with
the Nation's foreign policy; but both his memory
and his obstructionism will linger on-.
Fish resigned from the House Foreign Affairs
Committee after 22 years of service in which
he became the ranking Republican committee
member. However, his severing of ties with that
body is hardly as innocent as it appears. Ac-
cording to his own statement he resigned "in
order to devote my entire time in the new
Congress, as a member of the Committee on
Rules, to the restoration of representative and
constitutional government in the United
As if it weren't enough that Representative
Fish must first imply that the government for
which we now fight a global war doesn't repre-
sent us and isn't constitutional, he then inistsn
upon generously donating his services to the rules
committee which is well known as the most pow-
erful committee in the House.
This body can now easily become the nost
dangerous single bottleneck n Congress, espe-
cially when its membership will include a die-
hard Roosevelt-baiter, an all-out Anti-Admin-
istration Congressman who voted against every
pre-war preparedness measure.
However, the story doesn't end there. Reports
indicate that Fish was high-pressured into re-
signing by the Republican Party organization
WASHINGTON-Purely by. accident, Argen-
tina has thrown significant light on the U.S.
synthetic rubber program and the way we have
concentrated most of it in the hands of Standard
Oil of. New Jersey's patent pool.
Recently, Argentina asked the State Depart-
ment for permission to use the Polish synthetic
rubber process, now being operated by the Pub-
liker Company in Philadelphia. Argentina also
faces an acute rubber shortage and, after care-
ful research, decided this was the best way to
The Polish process is similar to the Russian,
uses grain alcohol rather than petroleum as its
base. The German process also uses alcohol,
though it was the petroleum process which
Standard Oil and I. G. Farben agreed to keep
from the United States and other world mar-
kets. A group of Midwest senators has urged
the use of alcohol rubber made from U.S. grain
reserves rather than rubber from petroleum
which is needed for high octane gas.
However, when Argentina requested use of the
Polish process the State Department, not want-
ing to reveal secrets to a country still dealing
with the Axis, consulted Dr. Albert L. Elder, chief
of the War Division of the Patent Office, which
handles secret war patents.
Wanted Fair Trial
Dr. Elder replied that the Polish process was
one of the best means of making synthetic rub-
ber, if not the best. However, since it was no
longer a secret, and the Nazis had almost the
same thing, he 'saw no reason why Argentina
shouldl not have it.
At this point it also leaked out that inside
the War Production Board there had been
doubt regarding the petroleum process, even
at the time Jesse Jones was awarding most of
the rubber contracts to the Standard of N. J.
patent pool. Dr. Elder is also chief chemical
adviser -to the WPB and was opposed to put-
ting all U.S. rubber eggs in one basket. He
favored giving the Polish process a fair trial.
Chief-opponent of the Polish process was Ed-
ward Weidlein, of the Mellon Institute, whom
Secretary Jones brought to Washington on a
part-time basis as technical adviser to Rubber
Reserve. The Baruch report criticized the fact
that Rubber Reserve relied on one technician
who was only on a part-time basis, but neverthe-
less, the Baruch report concluded that to save
time it was better to proceed with the petroleum
process, even though foundations for the big new
rubber plants were not yet laid.
Standard Oil Gileamis ouse,
After "Bernie" Baruch wrote his rubber report
freezing the Jones Program because, as he ex-
plained, there was no time to make changes,
Baruch told Walter Teagle, chairman of New
Jersey Standard Oil: "Walter, if you don't come
through on this synthetic rubber, you might just
as well go jump in the river."
Since then two highly significant things have
happened. Rubber Czar Jeffers has announced
that the synthetic rubber program would be
dangerously late. Second, several Standard
- By SAMUEL GRAFTON -
NEW YORK-The murder of certainly more
than a million, and very probably two million,
European Jews by Adolf Hitler is (in part) a
bid to anti-Semitism in the west, as his invasion
of Russia was a bid to Russphobia. It is a spec-
tacular bid, meant to resound through the po-
litical world, which, in our day, is a kind of
These murders represent an effort by Hitler to
mobilize the dregs of western life on his behalf,
to rouse to his support the shrews and fish-wives
of anti-Semitism, the frustrated and the con-
fused, the unhappy and the perverse.
THE DOSE WORE OUT
THE MOMENT is truly climactic. Once it was
enough for Hitler to set up an anti-Comintern
pact to mobilize large sections of western anti-
Communist feeling. When that wore out, he had
to go on to invade Russia itself, and there is
every evidence that he has been shocked by the
refusal of the western world, in spite of its over-
whelming antipathy to communism, to break
ranks in answer to his maneuver.
And once it was enough for him to expro-
priate the property of some Jews, to set up
occupational barriers against some others,
for him to mobilize anti-Semitism; he gestured,
and a thousand small societies against the Jew
were born in the nations of the west.
That dose has worn out, too, and now it is
necessary for him to increase it. For the first
time, political anti-Semitism turns from the
promise to exterminate the Jews, to actual, un-
THE MANEUVER OF MURDER
A PEOPLE is being killed, to make a political
point. The horror of what is now going on
lies precisely in the fact that it is a maneuver,.
that this unprecedented mass murder is one
man's tactical decision.
The old question of differences as between
Jew and non-Jew has precisely nothing to do
with the mass murders now systematically un-
der way. That is proved by the fact that no
such unlimited extermination ever took place
before, not through 2,500 years of Jew-and-
non-Jew relations in almost every country in
Europe, and under almost every conceivable
We know of the historical tensions between
Jew and non-Jew, and we know that, left to
themselves, they never had to go this far, never
had to seek this particular "solution." Twenty-
five centuries of time and three civilizations are
the laboratory in which it has been proved that
what specifically is now happening has no social
roots. In spite of all manifestations of feeling
against Jews, and in spite of all heavy burdens
laid upon Jews, never have the people of Europe
turned in this degree to this direction. The most
terrifying quality in what is now going on is
precisely this "one man" quality, this single
man's decision that is the base of it, this quality
of tactic and maneuver.
THE INCONCEIVABLE WORLD
HITLER has broken the thread of the human
story, in what is probably only the first in
a series of adventures in destruction to save him-
of the above facts, it
us that two necessities
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
in America's war effort become ob-
1) There should be a unified
command on the distribution front
We need someone to step in and
prevent the needless accumulation
of materials by departments. jeal-
ous of each other's possible super-
iority. Both the responsibility and
the power should be placed. In the
hands of one man.
2) There must be closer worker-
manager relations in the majority
of plants throughout the nation-
for International is not the only
offender. In this specific argum Oit
it is difficult to tell which side is
right, but it is certainly obvous that
a terrific amount of. misuiinder-
standing has arisen on both sides.
Such misunderstanding is a drag
on war production and if we are to
achieve the maximum all-out effort
that is necessary, it must be comi-
call at our office, 201 Mason Hall,
office hours, 9 to 12 a.m., and 2 to 4
-University Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Informatiou,'
University Lectures: Dr. J. Harlan
Bretz, Professor of Geology. in the,
University of Chicago, will lecture on
the subject, "Life History of Lime-
stone Caverns" (illustrated) at :15
p.m., Tuesday, January 12, in the
Rackham Amphitheatre, under the
auspices of the Department of Ge-
ology. The public is cordially invited.
At 8:00 p.m., in Room 2054 Natural
Science Bldg., Professor Bretz ill
lecture on "The Scablands of the
Columbia Plateau" (illustrated), be-
fore the faculty and students of. the
Department of Geology; others who
are interested are invited.
Biological Chemistry Seminar 'will
meet on Wednesday, Dec. 30, at 7:30
p.m., in Room 319 West Medical
Building. "Thiamine - Func'timnii
Studies" will be discussed. All inter-
ested are invited.
Grermgan 159 class will not veet
today. Assignment for Thursday, Dec.
31, Faust: 2073 to 2336.
Doctoral Examination for Frances
Evelin Willison, field: Bacteriology;
thesis: "The Effect Produced in vitro
by Vitamin C on the Toxic and Anti-
genic Properties of Diphtheria Tox-
in," will be held today in 1564 at
Medical, at 2:00 p.m. Chairman M.H.
Soule. By action of the Executve
Board, the Chairman may invite
members of the faculties and ad-
vanced doctoral candidates to tterid
the examination and he may gait
permission to those who for sufficient
reason might wish to be present.
-C. S. Yoakmnu
Concerts. The University Musical
Society announces the following con-
certs after the holiday vacation: Jo-
sef Hofinann, Pianist, January, 18;
Jascha Heifetz, Violinist, February
16; Guiomar Novaes, Pianist, Mai ch
5; Nelson Eddy, Baritone, March 17.
The Third Annual Chamber Iusic
Festival of three concerts by the
Roth String Quartet: January 22 and
23. Alec Templeton, Pianist, in a spe-
cial concert, February 25. Golden Ju-
bilee May Festival, May 5, 6, 7 and 8,
1943. -Charles A. Sink, President
Exhibition, College of Architeture
and Design: Forty-five prints, in-
cluding lithographs, etchings, and
engravings by outstanding contem-
porary American artists.' Ground
floor corridor cases, Architecture
Building. Open daily 9 to 5, except
Sunday, through Jan. 5. The public
Exhibit: Miniature Chinese bowls
and oil pots of interest to student of
Pottery and Far Eastern Art. On view
this week only. Main Floor, Architec-
The Lutheran Student Assoclation
will meet for a caroling party tonight
at 7:00. In the Zion Lutheran, Parish
Hall, 309 E. Washington St. After the
carol sing, the group will go to the
home of Rev. and Mrs. Yoder for re-
Physical Education for Women:
The 2:30 Winter Sports class, will
meet from 2:30 to 4:30 p.m. today.
Michigan Dajpes: Click and Stitch
Group meets tonight at 8:00 at the
home of Mrs. C. B. McDowell, 332 E.
THURSDAY, DEC. 17, 1942
VOL. LIII No. 63
All notices for the Daily official Bul-
letilt are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday ,when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Meteorology Training. Although
applications for the various meteor-
ology programs may be made directly
to the University Meteorological Com-
mittee, University of Chicago, it is
also possible to afply through this
University. The latter plan has the
advantages that worthy students may
have the recommendation of this Uni-
versity and that probably the process-
ing of applications will be thereby ac-
celerated. Students should obtain ap-
plication blanks before Christmas va-
cation so that they may obtain par-
ents' consent while they are at home.
Details as to procedure may be
learned at 1009 Angell Hall.
-B. D. Thuma
Members of the Faculty, College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts.
Pursuant to the action of the Fac-
ulty on Monday, December 7, there
will be a special meeting of the Fac-
ulty of the College of Literature, Sci
ence, and the Arts in room 1025 An-
gell Hall today at 4:10 p.m. to con-
sider possible readjustments necessi-
tated by the emergency situation. A
large attendance is desired.'
--Edward H. Kraus
University offices and libraries will
be closed at Thursday noon, Decem-
ber 24, for the remainder of the
week. Offices and libraries will be
open and classes will be conducted
on New Year's Day, January 1.
The University has recently been
authorized to issue U.S. War Bonds
Series ""E". Bonds may now be pur-
chased at the Cashier's Office. Under
ordinary circumstances, immediate
delivery of the bonds can be made.
-University Committee on Sale
of War Bonds and Stamps
Library Hours for the Christmas
r 'k.., 4-aicmal T.ihr.rv .n',r A 1 lT)P-
partmental Libraries will 'be closed
from noon of Thursday, December
24, to Monday morning, December
28. On all other .days of the vaca-
tion period the General Library hours
will be 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. The
Departmental Libraries will be open
from 10:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m., and
from 2:00 to 4:00 p.m., with the ex-
ception of Saturday, December 19,
when they will close at noon. There:
will be no Sunday Service on De-
cember 20 or December 27..
University Automobile Regulation:'
The automobile ruling will be lifted
from Friday noon, December 18, to
8:p0 A.M. on Wednesday, December
Dean of Students
All women students are reminded
that they must register any change
of residence for thesecond term in
the Office of the Dean of Women by
noon of January 2. They must also
inform their househead of their in-
tention by that date.
Choral Union Members will please
return their copies of Messiah at this
time, and receive in return copies
i1of Verdi's Requiem, at the offices of
the University Musical Society, in
Burton Memorial Tower.
-Charles A. Sink, President
Seniors, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts, School of Educa-
tion, School of Music, School of Pub-
lic Health: Tentative lists of seniors
including tentative candidates for
the Certificate in Public Health Nur-
sing have been posted on the bulletin
board in Room 4, University Hall.
If your name does not appear, or, if
included there and is not correctly
spelled, please notify the counter
Robert L. Williams
Attntin:Detroit Jobs: The Uni-
verit Bureau of Appointments has
received notice of the following Civil
Service positions, examinations for
which will be given during the Christ-
Playleader (male and female) $5.50
to $6.50 per day.
Junior Recreation Instructor (male
and female) $1,650 per- year.