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November 18, 1942 - Image 1

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~itzgan

4 th

Weather
Light Rain, Colder

VOL LIII No. 39 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, NOV. 18, 1942
_______________-~O

PRICE FIVE CENTS

FDRI Hails
Successes
. .Paci.i
Hails African Battle;
Defends Naval Secrecy
in Reporting Losses
for Press Releases
By RICHARD L. TURNER
Associated Press Correspondent
WASHINGTON, Nov. 17. - Presi-
dent Roosevelt tonight hailed Amer-
ican successes in Africa and the far
Pacific as an apparent "turning point
of this war," but added a warning
that there was time only for working
and fighting, none for exultation.
Parlier he had described the recent
naval battle in the Solomon Islands
as a major victory for the Allied
cause. Tonight, addressing the Her-.
ald-Tribune Forum by radio, he sing-
led out one participant in that battle
for. a hero's praise-Rear Admiral
Daniel J. Callaghan.
Defends Naval Secrecy
In addition, Mr. Roosevelt stoutly
defended the Administration's policy
of 'withholding news of naval losses
until it is clear that the enemy al-
ready has possession of the infor-
mation and indicated that long-range
social reforms have been shelved for
the time being.
"In time of peace," he said, "every
variety of problem and issue is an in-
teresting subject for public discussion.
But in time of war the American
people know that the one all-impor-
tant job before them is fighting and
working to win.
Admgits One Slip
-Ue said -he had made "a constant
effort as Co ntnander-in-Chief to
keep politics out of this war." How-
evy, he aded, his "foot slipped
once"
Ten days before election day, an
American aircraft carrier was torpe-
doed in the Pacific. No one knew
whether the Japnese were aware
that she had gone down. At the time
the American carrier was sunk, he
contnued, aclamor was being raised
in the prss- and' elsewhere against
the suppresslo of news. from the
fighting fronts.
dere came my mistake," Mr.
Roosevlt continut L "I yielded to the
clamor.
Admiral Protests Disclosure
"Shortly thereafter protests came
from the admirals in command in the
Southwest Paclfic and at our great
base in Hawaii on the ground that,
in' all probability, the Japanese navy
had" no information of the sinking.
"This confession of mine illustrates
to the people of this country the fact
that in time of war the conduct of
that, war, with the aim of total vic-
tory, comes absolutely first."
16 GALLONS:
Gas Rationng
To Make Debut
L ocallyTod ay
Gas rationing will finally make its
debut in Washtenaw County today
when owners of private passenger
cars and motorcycles will receive basic
mileage ration books at elementary
schools throughout the county.
More than 25,000 motorsts are ex-
pected to register for their A ration
books and windshield stickers today,
tomorrow and Friday. D books will be
issued to motorcyclists. Ann Arbor

schools handling ration books will be
open from 2:30 to 5:30 p.m. and from
6:30 to 9:00 p.m.
The basic mileage ration books will
be distributed by elementary school
teachers assisted by a few high school,
teachers and CDVO volunteers.
All motorists will receive A ration
books as a preliminary measure to
applying for supplementary gas. Sup-
plementary mileage rationing is
scheduled to begin December 1.
The University Manpower Corps
has already recruited several volun-
teers to handle registrations for sup-
plementary gas which will be held
from Nov. 23 to Nov. 28. Both men and
women student volunteers are still
being sought by the Manpower Corps
to handle the rationing.
Student volunteers are being regis-
tered at the Manpower Commission's
office at 1009 Angell Hall. A meeting
will be held Friday in the Rackham
Amphitheatre for all students who
plan to work.
Basic rations will allow 16 gallons
of gasoline to each motorist. Govern-,
ment workers, doctors and other per-.

Reports of Jap Losses
at Guadalcanal Mount
Roosevelt Terms U.S. Naval Triumph 'Major
Victory'; List of Enemy Damages Incomplete
By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER
Associated Press Correspondent
WASHINGTON, Nov. 17.-An upward revision of Japanese Navy losses
in the sea battle of Guadalcanal was predicted confidently today by Naval
authorities who emphasized that the announced total of 23 ships sunk and
7 damaged was based on incomplete reports from the South Pacific war zone.
Yet to be heard from, it was said, are the clean up operations by Ameri-
can planes and surface units which may have discovered and finished off
crippled units of the enemy's fleeing fleet. There was also a night engage-
ment of Nov. 14-15 of which nothing has been reported except that it was
fought.
President Roosevelt, at a press conference today, described the
shattering of the Japanese armada as a major victory, and revealed
that Rear Admiral Daniel J. Callaghan, his former naval aide who was
killed in the struggle, performed the daring feat of taking a 1,000-ton
cruiser up against a 25,000-ton Japanese battleship at point blank range.
Such American cruisers are equipped with only eight-inch guns as
compared with 14-inch weapons carried by the type of Japanese battleship
involved in the fight, and the President said Admiral Callaghan had done
a very courageous thing. He remarked that he was very much upset at the
news of Callaghan's death.
* * * *
A strong indication that the list of Japanese losses is as yet incom-
plete came from Maj.-Gen. A. A. Vandegrift, commander of the Marine
forces on Guadalcanal Island, in the course of a message of congratu-
lations on the naval triumph.
The presence of high ranking officers and possibly of others gave a clue
to the size of the American forces in the main encounter of the Solomons
which was fought out in the early darkness of last Friday (Guadalcanal
time) with United States battleships in full action for the first time since
the Spanish American war.
* , * * ,
Starting with Navy Secretary Knox's press conference this morning
estimates -of the effect of the battle on the course of the war in the
?acific came from many quarters and were in general agreement that
the' Japanese had been dealt a devastating blow which would make it
more difficult for them to undertake any new adventure although they
still have' enough naval strength left to try again for the southeastern
Solomons if they are willing to take that risk.
Knox said the engagement'was a "major action but not a decisive one."
He declared that it ended "Round 2" of, the S loMpns campaigns and cau-
tiored that this meant there might be a "Round 3."
* * * *
Knox tempered his optimism as to the results of the victory with the
statement that "the only safe assumption is that the Japanese will come
back," and he added "that's exactly what we're making our plans for."
'But he said that the losses which the 'Japanese have suffered would
make it much more difficult'for them to organize a new attack 'and mean-
while American forces have been: left i complete control of their positions
on Guadaldanal and of the sea approaches to that tnuch disputed island.

Rommel
As British

)rganizing

In

Tunisia

'Chutist Troops Land;

Allies Ca pture DenEl Mech*li

Pursuit of Axis Armies'
Sows; Enemy-Held
Gap Is 900 Miles Wide
By PAUL KERN LEE
Associated Press Correspondent
CAIRO, Nov. 17. - The British
Eighth Army has captured Derna and
El Mechili, narrowing the enemy-held
gap of Libya and Tunisia to 900 miles,
but pursuit of the disorganized Axis
army was slowed today by bad wea-
ther and sharp rear-guard actions.
The surviving Germans and Ital-
ians in North Africa in effect were
hemmed in by three great Allied'
forces, at least two of which were
closing the jaws of 'a trap.
The Eighth Army was moving west
despite short, hot stnds of Ais sui-
cide groups which had the choice only
of fighting rear-guard actions or sur-
rendering.
Germans Bomb U.S. Troops.
The British First Army and Ameri-
can troops were moving east from Al-
geria into Tunisia. (The Germans
said U.S. troops were bombed at the
southern boundary of Tunisia and Al-
geria, which is only 290 miles from
Tripoli and 900 miles from El
Mechili.)
Yet a third formidable force was
known to be deployed in. the Lake
Chad region 1,000 miles south of
Tripoli across the desert. The force
might already be onthe move from
Fighting French territory..
Rommel Remnants Scattered
Marshal. Erwin Rommel's exhaust-
ed remnants were scattered all along
the coastal route from Derna to El
Agheila and along an inland short-
cut from El Mechili to Msus and El
Agheila. They were scattering mines
indiscriminately as . they fled-em-
ploying their last effective means of
defense now that ,erman planes
have been cleared from the air and
the great bulk of the Africa Corps'
materiel has been captured or de-
stroyed.
The weather kept most of the RAF
grounded, giving the retreating foe
surcease from the terrible bombings
which has beset him along his 400-
mile flight from El Alamein in Egypt.
FDR Praises
Czech Students
WASHINGTON, Nov. 17.- (P)-
President Roosevelt said today in a
message to the International Student
Assembly that the noise of Nazi ma-
chine guns had failed to "drown the
voices which still demand the right
of a people to determine howi t shall
think and live."
The message was read at an Inter-
national Students Day gathering held
here "in commemoration of the 160
Czechoslavak students murdered by
the Nazis in November, 1939, and in
affirmation of the fellowship of the
world-wide free university commu-
nity."
Declaring the will to liberty and
freedom were principles which would
continue to inspire the youth of every
land, Mr. Roosevelt said:
"In the victory now to be won and
the peace to be secured there is a
practical task for the young people
of all countries."

U.S. President
Termns D arlan
Temporary,
Frenchmen Will Decide
Nation's Future, Says -
FDR in Conference
WASHINc*TON, Nov. 17.- (AP)-
President Roosevelt 'emphasized today
that the United States Army's deal-'
ings with Admiral Jean Darlan in
North Africa were only a "temporary
expedient," intended to save both,
lives and time in carrying the attack'
to the Axis.
The emergence of Darlan, until re-
cently Vichy's defense chief, as a
leader in North Africa in collabora-
tion with American forces, had
brought bitter criticism from Fighting
French forces, who called him the
"No. 2 traitor of France."
In a, formal statement read at a
press conference, President Roosevelt
said no permanent arrangement
would be made with Darlan "in view
of _the history of the past two years."
"People in the United Nations like-
wise would never understand the rec-
ognition of a reconstituting of -the
Vichy Government in France or in
any French territory," it declared.
"We are opposed to Frenchmen who
support Hitler and the Axis. No one
in our army has any authority to dis-
cuss the future government of France
and the French Empire.
"The future French government
will be established-not by any indi-
vidual in metropolitan France or
overseas-but by the French people
themselves after they have been set
free by the victory of the United Na-
tions."
The arrangement with Darlan, the
President added, was "justified solely
by the stress of battle," and brought
about Darlan's order to French troops
to cease resistance. That in turn made
it possible to avoid a "mopping up"
operation in Algeria and Morocco,
which, Mr. Roosevelt said, might have
taken as much as one to two months.
City Council Reveals
Plans for Expansion
of Municipal Airport

PEM Absence
To Be Curbed
by New Rules
Official Notice Warns
Absentees To Report
to Program Director
Efforts to stem non-attendance of
compulsory PEM classes were rein-
forced today as President Alexander
G. Ruthven notified delinquent stu-
dents in an official notice that they
must report immediately to PEM Di-
rector Kenneth Doherty in Waterman
Gymnasium for makeup arrange-
ments.
The notice resulted from a con-
ference, of the Deans of the Colleges
and PEM officials yesterday.
Posters in the Sports Building and
Waterman Gymnasium announced
the new policy recently. Students were
told:
1. Names of students who have four
or more unexcused absences on Nov.
21 will be sent to the Deans of their
colleges for action.
2. "Three unexcused absences will
be permitted in each semester."
3. Makeup periods may be taken in
any morning section, providing that
only one period per day may be taken.

War Geography:
Bizerte, Tunisia
" WHY IS IT
IMPORTANT?
Bizerte, the great Tunisian naval]
base which is the prize in World War
II's first major battle between Ameri-
can doughboys and German troopers,
is important because it has the finest
harbor on the North African coast
and because it controls all the Central
Mediterranean area.
.Situated only a few miles from the
principal city of Tunis, the port has,
since the days of Carthage, been a
major factor in control of the Medi-
terranean. In Allied hands it would
probably mean the destruction of the
Axis supply lines which reach from3
Italian ports to Tripoli, skirting thet
western end of Sicily en route. -
Bitter Poll TaxT
Fight Continues'
Senate Opposition
Led by Southerners
WASHINGTON, Nov. 17.- (A)-7
Southern senators filibustered today
against the Anti-Poll Tax Bill in a
bitter Senate session which saw Sena-
tor McKellar (Dem.-Tenn.) withdraw
his recommendation that majority?
leader Barkley. be appointed to the
Supreme Court.- .
By a series of roll calls and other
delaying tactics, including reading
and correcting the complete journal
of yesterday's proceedings, the Sou-
therners for the fourth consecutive
legislative day prevented Barkley
from bringing formally before the.
Senate the controversial bill which
would eliminate payment of a poll
tax as a voting prerequisite in eight
southern states.
As the filibuster continued, Presi-
dent Philip Murray, of the Congress
of Industrial Organizations, sent a
letter to members of the Senate de-
claring that the nation "stands aghast
and enraged at the tactics of a small
bloc which is seeking to frustrate
majority rule in this nation."
He called for speedy enactment of
the Anti-Poll Tax legislation.
Speech Department
Presents.Works of
4 Local Playwrights
Play Production of the Department
of Speech this week is offering for
public approval four one-act plays
produced and designed by students in
advanced production and stagecraft
courses. These laboratory plays, which
are each 15 minutes in length will be
presented at 7:30 p.m. in the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre.
Student directors include Mildred
Janusch, assisted by Rae Larson and
David Rich, set designer; Judy
Fletcher, assisted by Pat Meikle and
Nathan Bryant, set designer; Barbara
Wisner, who designed her own set,
assisted by Barbara White; Strowan
Robertson, assisted by Harry Miller
and Peggy Evans, set designer.
The student directors and assis-
tants are all members of Prof. Valen-
tine Windt's advanced class in dra-
matic production, and the set design-
ers are members of Robert Mellen-
camp's advanced stagecraft course.
Blood Bank Needs
25 More Volunteers

Latest calculations of volunteers
signed up for this semester's second
blood bank Nov. 20 reveal an acute
shortage of 25 persons, according to
an announcement last night made by
Bud Brandt, '44, chairman of the
campus blood committee.
The central committee has pledged
the American Red Cross 125 pints of
blood per month. This quota was ade-
quately handled last month when a
shstantial waiting list was comniled.

Allied Parachutists Land
as Tunisian Battle Grows
LONDON, Nov. 17.- (P)- Big
American transport planes were scat-
tering British 'parachute troops deep
in Tunisia tonight in advance of a
major enveloping movement by the
revitalized British First Army of Flan-
ders and United States flying col-
umns.
The word at Allied headquarters
was that advanced French patrols
were contacting German reconnais-
sance groups. These later appeared
to be operating out of Bizerte, which1
Berlin said was definitely in the hands
of Axis forces.-
From the Atlantic coast, a Sunday1
dispatch out of Monrovia, Liberia,E
gave the first hint that the strategic,
Vichy naval base of Dakar had begun
negotiations looking toward capitula-
tion to American-British forces.
The dispatch said a military mis-
sion from Dakar was en route to Al-;
lied-occupied North Africa.-
Axis Fate to Open
From all accounts it appeared, that
the real battle which may well decide
control of the Mediterranean, and the
fate of the Axis armies in bot Tunisia
and Libya, was about to open.
The British parachutists mush-
rooming into Tunisia were reported
to have reached their objectives with-
out opposition. The transport planes
which dropped them were escorted by
U.S. fighter aircraft.
Official enemy advices during the
day lent support to the belief that the
combined Allied forces are operating
in both northern' and southern col-
umns in an effort to trap the Ger-
mans and Italians in Tunisia and
close the road to Tripoli.
Still under the same code of strict
secrecy which covered the start of
the North African operations, Lieut.
Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's head-
quarters disclosed nothing of the Al-
lied advance movement or of the
strength of forces still pouring into
Allied-held North African ports.
Allied Maneuver Indicated
But an Allied enveloping maneuver,
hinted almost a week ago by the re-
ported movement of U.S. forces south-
eastward from Algiers, was indicated
strongly by a Berlin high command
communique which said:
"Marching enemy columns on the
coastal road east of Bone (in the Al-
gerian - Tunisian frontier country)
and in the southern border district
of Tunisia suffered heavy losses from
our air attacks."
Rickenbacker Rides
Wing of Rescue Plane

RUSSIA HOLDS-
Soviets Lose
at Stalin grad;
Gain in South'
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW, Nov. 18. (Wednesday)-
German troops at a cost of 1,000 cas-
ualties gained slightly in a Stalingrad
factory district yesterday while far
to the north in the Leningrad siege
area the Nazis and Russians were en-
gaged "in violent street .fighting" on
the outskirts of a town the Soviets
recently recaptured, it was announced
early today.
Attack East of Leningrad
The Russians seized a town on the
Volkhov front east of Leningrad sev-
eral days ago, and the Germans have
been attacking heavily ever since in
an effort to retake it, the midnight
communique disclosed.
After repelling six attacks all day
yesterday the Germans brought up
reinforcements and "succeeded in
MOSCOW, Nov. 17.-- ( ') - At
least 3,000 persons charged with
"being in opposition to Mussolini,"
have been arrested the past few
days in Genoa, Turin, Milan and
other Italian cities, the Moscow
radio said tonight, quoting a Tass
dispatch from Geneva. Among
those arrested, it was stated, were
many army officers and industrial-
ists. Several Fascist party leaders,
accused of having relations with
opposition elements, also have been
detained, the report added.

Nazi Desert Fighter Making Desperate
Effort To Rally Axis Resistance; Allied
Parachutists Herald Major Offensive
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Wednesday, Nov. 18.-Reuters reported from advanced head-
quarters in North Africa tonight that German Field Marshal Rommel is,
now in Tunisia.
The British agency quoted well-informed sources as saying that the
Nazi Marshal whose armies are being thrown back by the British Eighth
Army in eastern Libya is "making a desperate effort to organize Axis forces"
to resist the British First Army and its U.S. allies advancing from the west.
This latter force attacking from Algeria is the most }immediate concern
of the Germans caught in Tunisia, Tripoli and in nearby western Libya.
Rommel's whereabouts has been somewhat of a mystery. He had been
reported both in Italy and in Munich, but this dispatch appeared to be the
most definite yet since the Allied landings in North Africa, coming as it
did through censored channels from Allied headquarters in Africa.

U

HE PLAYS NO FAVORITES:
Albert Spalding, Violinist,
WillAppear Here Tomorrow

breaking into the outskirts of a popu-
lated place," the communique said.
"Our units are engaged in v.iolent
street fighting."
When the Russians seized the town
they stressed its strategical impor-
tance in weakening Nazi attempts to
encircle Leningrad which has been
under siege for more than two years,
but the city never has been identi-
fied.
In the Caucasus the Russians said
their troops gained on the Nalc.hik
front, driving the Germans out of
fortified positions near one village,
disabling five Nazi tanks, and wip-
ing out about a company of German
infantry.
Stalemate in Stalingrad
In the Stalingrad sector the Rus-
sians said their troops repulsed num-
erous Nazi attacks, but acknowledged
that "in a factory part of the city
the Germans pressed back our troop
after two days' fighting." These slight
Nazi penetrations and successful So-
viet counterattacks have been occur-
ring for weeks on that stalemated
part of the front, however.
Allied Armies
Approach Buna
General MacArthur
Leads Ground Troops
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN

Albert Spalding, noted American
concert violinist, who appears at 8:30
p.m. tomorrow in Hill Auditorium in
the fourth concert of the Choral
Union series, has no favoritisms nor
aversions among the classical com-
posers, according to Andre Benoist.
He has expressed, however, a de-
cided preference for the work of mod-
ernists Stravinsky, Bela Bortok, Re-
spighi and Manuel de Falla, especially
the Spaniard, de Falla. But Spalding
entertains a distinct dislike for one
modernist. "As for Ravel," he says,
"he is to Debussy what near-bear is
to the real article."
Of Spalding's artistry and stage
presence, the Chicago Herald-Ameri-
can has snid- "He stands among the

heralded as the most promising vio-
linist since Mozart.
After a few years of additional
Noted Violinist

WASHINGTON, Nov. 17.- (P)-
Captain Edward V. Rickenbacker,
lost in the southwest Pacific when
his plane was forced down October 21
and rescued three weeks later, rode
the wing of the rescue plane while it
taxied 40 miles on the ocean surface
to its base, the War Department dis-
closed today.
A Department announcement said
that although Rickenbacker still
needs at least two weeks in a hospital
to complete ihs recovery from the
long exposure at sea, he already has
expressed his desire to complete the
mission to which he was assigned by
Secretary of War Stimson-a tour of
inspection of aviation facilities in the
southwest Pacific.
Lieutenant W. F. Eadie USN and

AUSTRALIA,
(AP)- Ground
command ofI
Arthur, who
moved closer
port of Buna

Nov. 18. (Wednesday)
troops under personal
General Douglas Mac-
is in the field, have
toward the Jap-held
in northeast New Gui-

- -- .....---"--

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