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November 10, 1942 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1942-11-10

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OL LHI No. 32 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TESDAY, NOV. 10, 1942

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Americans

Attacking

Casablanca,

Oran

Teen-Age
Draft Bill
Hits House
Year's Training Plan
Rejected by 178t40
As War Department
Urges Early Enactment
WASHINGTON-Nov. 9.-(AP)-The
way appeared paved tonight for final
enactment this week of the bill lower-
ing the draft age from 20 to 18.
The House indirectly rejected the
Senate proposal that 18- and 10-
year-olds be kept out of combat until
they have had a year's training when
it voted 178 to 40 today against in-
structing conferees to insist on ac-
ceptance of the Senate-passed re-
striction.
The vote came after a War Depart-
ment plea to Congress not to "ham-
per us at this critical period."
Passage of the 'teen-age draft leg-
islation had been held up by Senate
amendments-most controversial be-
ing that fixing the one-year training
specification.
Rayburn Appoints Committee.
Imiediately after the House ac-
tion, Speaker Rayburn appointed
Representatives May (Dem.-Ay.),
Thomason (Dem.-Tex.) Andrews,
(Rep: N.Y.), Harter, '(Dem.-Ohio),
and Short (Aep-Mo.) to meet with
a five-man Senate committee to com-
promise. the differences between the
two branches. The House conferees
held an informal meeting this after-
noon and scheduled another for to-
morrow, at which time they.were ex-
pected to recommend that the Sen-
ate abandon ,ts position on the
training requirement.
Since all five Senate conferees and
most of the House Representatives
were known to be against the require-
ment, there appeared no doubt that
its removal would be recommended.
The conferees' recommendations,
however, are subject to ratification
by both branches, and Representa-
tive Rankin (Dem.-Mss.), who led
the House fight for retention of the
training amendment, said he would
demand a record vote if they urged
abandonment 'of the proposal.
N Roll Call on Motion
Rankin could not muster enough
votes to force a roll call on today's
motion, getting only 33 seconds to
his request for a record vote, eight
less than the rules require.
House conferees predicted that in
its final form the legislation would
retain Senate amendments granting
draft deferment to essential farm
workers and exempting from the
draft men over 45, even though they
were not over that age when they
registered. As its part of the com-
promise, they said, the House prob-
ably would abandon its insistence
that draft quotas be put on a state-
wide instead of a local board basis.
Yanks Advance
In Guadalcanal
Move Flanks Nippon
Force near Airport
WASHINGTON, Nov. 9.-- (A)- A
fiew eastward advance by American
troops on Guadalcanal Island in the
Solomons was announced today in a
Navy communique disclosing that
fighting between the main United
States and Japanese forces in the
northwestern end of the island had
ceased entirely.
This latest advance, which carried
our troops beyond the Metapona river

four miles east of the enemy beach-
head at Koli point, was accomplished
Saturday (Guadalcanal time) and'
apparently was a considerable for-
ward step in isolating the force which"
GENERAL Mac ARTHUR'S
HEADQUARTERS, Australia, Nov.
10. (Tuesday).- (J')- Allied forces
have enveloped the Japanese after
sharp fighting behind Oivi, 55 miles
south of Buna on the northeast
coast of New Guinea, General
Douglas MacArthur announced to-
day.
the Japs had intended to use as the1
eastern jaw 41 a vise move against3
the airfield. .

American Second Front Forces Land in Vichy North Africa

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Yanks Hit Harbor,
op on Algeria
North African American Blitzkrieg
May Be Indicated by Early Progress
By E. C. DANIEL
Associated Press Correspondent
LONDON, Nov. 9.-The United States Expeditionary Forces in Morocco
were reported tonight to have launched a tank-supported general attack
on the eastern side of Casablanca, while the American armies on the Alger-
ian coast invested Oran against stiff local resistance, seizing three more air-
fields and taking 2,000 prisoners.
The Vichy radio was authority for the statement that three columns
of U.S. troops were attacking Casablanca after reaching a point four miles
east of the city. American motor torpedo boats, Vichy disclosed, were
operating at the entrance to the harbor.
A communique from headquarters of the Allied forces for North Africa
said that in the Oran sector, American forces under command of Maj.-Gen.
Lloyd R. Fredendall had penetrated a considerable distance to the rear of
Algeria's second city on both east and west.
Three of the four airfields in the Oran region already are in U.S. hands,
the communique said. This is in addition to the two fields taken Sunday in

Ship-borne troops of the U.S. Army have landed in Vichy North A frica and have established bridgeheads (solid black arrows), along the
coast, according to reports from Vichy, France. The landing operations were aimed at both sides of Casablanca in Morocco, and Oran and
Algiers in Algeria on the Mediterranean. If successful, the invasion would provide a jumping off spot for an Allied invasion of southern Eur-
ope (dotted arrows). It could also provide bases for a pincers movement against Axis forces in Libya (dotted arrows), where they are re-
treating between Matruh and Egyptian-Libyan border pursued by the British (solid black arrow). The Italian port of Genoa (1) was bombed
y the British in the "heaviest ,raid of the war." Vichy reported a naval battle raging off Casablanca, but most of the French fleet was re-

ported awatinr orders at Toulon (2).
THEY'RE SAVING THE SUJGAR:
312'M'Beet Workers Buckle To Work,

By ROBERT:MANTHO and
ROBERT PREISKEL
Special to The Dany
CARO, Mich., Nov. 9.- The Ui-
versity of Michigan's 312-man relief
corps fanned.outover the Thumb-.di
trict here today and after harvesting
sugar beets all afternoon, moved inty
farmhouses for meals "like mom cooks
at home,"
Pulling out of Ann Arbor as stu.
dents trudged to eight o'clock classes,
the manpower volunteers piled into
ten chartered busses and headed
north. Half - awake students had
snatched short order breakfasts at
the Union, which had opened an hour
early by special arrangement with
Manpower Boss Mary Borman.
Dressed in rough, old clothes and
overalls the students, sang, played
rummy but mostly slept on the three
hour trip to the Thumb area.'
Nine out of ten busses took the stu-
dents to seven cities scattered out
over the Thumb-Crosswell, St. Louis,
Cass City, Marlette,. Mayville, Caro,
and Sebewaing. The other headed for
Lansing with 50 extra men..
Reports from four central offices,
in Caro, Crosswell, St. Louis and Lan-
sing, indicated, only one hitch in the
supervised program--the weather. A
driving rain started late in the after-
nobn after student laborers had put
in two hours of hard work and it
drove them from the fields into warm
farmhouses.
Dick "Double-Dick", Dick, field man
for the St. Louis area, wired Caro
that "rain stopped us from doing
any work today but the gang's ready
to give it a try tomorrow."
Three busses unloaded more than
100 hungry students in Caro at noon.
A half-hour later; they were eating

c+V

pork chops and flirting with two
waitresses n .otel Montague, Caro's
only hotel. -
Alter lunch, the relief corps had
about a half-hour to kill and looked
over the town. By the time that the
farmers drove trucks into town to
plck them up, the college boys had,
done some picking up on their own
hook.
"Half of the male population of
Philip Murray
Pledges Aid
Sto'W ar Plans
BOSTON, Nov. 9.- (P')- President
Philip Murray, predicting a historic
and harmonious week, opened the
fifth annual CIO convention today
with a pledge of unqualified support
of President Roosevelt's war leader-
ship and a demand for greater recog-
nition of labor m the front seats of
the War Production Board.
Murray lambasted his former chief
in the labor movement, John L. Lewis,
and said unity with the AFL must
envision terms without appeasement
and complete abolition of racial dis-
crimination.
The convention received a message
from President Roosevelt, thanking
the CIO for its help on the home
front, and heard Robert P. Patterson,
Undersecretary of War, tell of the
achievements of American-made wea-
pons and predict that 1943 will be a
fighting year for American troops
"in Europe, and Asia and Africa and
on the. seven seas."

Ann Arbor," as one pretty Caro bru-
nette labelled them, arranged evening
dates. But most of the students were
sent 20 miles out of town and Caro
tonight is pretty much like Caro any
other night.
But in a farm house near Marlette,
ten students had hardly -said "hello"
to a farmer before they clustered
around the farmer's daughter. At the
Johnstone farm, six, miles outside of
Caro, a crew of six student laborers
got their first taste of farm life-and
liked it.
From 2 p. m. until the rain chased
them into the farmhouse at 4, they
were up to their knees in mud pulling
sugar beets out of the ground. Chan-
ging into dry clothes, they sprawled
out in the living room to play hearts,
listened to the radio and waited for
supper. According to six of them, that
supper was something that's "never
been seen in Ann Arbor."
Meanwhile, good evidence of the
Manpower Corps efficiency came
from Crosswell.
Eighty men were needed. So 81 were
sent out. But the draft board wanted
the odd man-a telephone call from
Ann Arbor which reached him as soon
as he got to Crosswell sent him back
home.
According to Bob Johnson, field
man stationed here, the trip "looks
like a big success if we can stop old
man weather. The farmers are satis-
fied and everybody's getting along to-
gether swell!"
Parade To End
in Mass Sing
ROTC Staff Planning
Armistice Celebration
Climaxed by a mass outdoor com-
munity sing in which more than 3,000
will participate, Ann Arbor's most
impressive parade since 1918 will
move along city streets tomorrow in
solemn observance of Armistice Day
and the end of the first World War.
Sponsored by the ROTC cadet regi-
mental staff, the parade will bring to-
gether in marching formation a total
of 25 units, headed by the University
Marching Band, an American Legion
color guard, and the Veterans of For-
eign Wars, marching as a guard of
honor.
The head of the parade will move
off from the corner of State and Lib-
erty streets promptly at 10:10 a. m.,
and will move to Main Street via
State and Hill streets.
On Main Street, the procession will
be halted momentarily at 11 a..m. for
a simple Armistice Day ceremony-
the traditional moment of silence fol-

Nazis Weaken
in Naichik Fight
for Caucasus
Weak Stab at Mozdok
Repulsed by Soviets;
Stalingrad Still Firm.
MOSCOW, Nov. 10. (Tuesday)-
(A)- Russian Caucasian defenses
aided by Soviet tanks continued to
sap German strength yesterday in the
Nalchik foothills, and Stalingrad's
garrison killed another 300 Nazi shock
troops in that unconquered Volga
River city.
The midnight Soviet communique
telling of a farm Red Army defense
everywhere reported only one new
development-renewed German at-
tempts to break through in the Moz-
dok area northeast of the Nalchik ap-
proaches to the Georgian Military
Highway. The Germans had been ef-
fectively stopped at Mozdok on the
road to the Grozny oil fields when
they veered to the Nalchik region.
,German Attack Thwarted
The Germans lost 160 men and "re-
treated to their initial positions," the
communique said of the weak Mozdok
stab. Counter-attacking Russians dis-
persed a German headquarters unit
and seized prisoners in the same gen-
eral area, it added.
Southeast of Nalchik the Russians
reported their troops destroyed or dis-
abled 14 more Nazi tanks, three ene-
my planes, and killed 400 Germans,
and northeast of Tuapse along the
Black Sea coast the Nazis lost 150
men in three unsuccessful attacks on
Russian strong points.
Stalingrad Successful
In Stalingrad the story was much
the same as for days past. Besides
killing 300 Germans in the city, Rus-
sian mortars knocked out two block-
houses, two tanks, four guns, ten
machine guns and approximately 40
enemy trucks.
Far to the northwest in the Voro-
nezh sector of the Don River hinge in
the front, the Russians said their sfii-
pers picked off 128 Germans.

the region of Algiers, which has now
capitulated.
Earlier reports from Vichy said
Oran was almost entirely encircled.
On the Atlantic coast of Morocco,
the Allied communique reported, all
landings have been made by the force
which proceeded direct from United
States ports under the command of
Maj.-Gen. George S. Patton.
"In this region," said the'commun-
ique, "French aircraft have been
more active than elsewhere." All
forces have been given naval sup-
porting fire against forts.
"Counter - measures were taken
where our ships met with resistance
from enemy naval forces. Our cas-
ualties are light."
At about the same time, a report
from the German-controlled Paris
radio said "three American warships
have been damaged off Casablanca."
There was no confirmation.
At Algiers, the Allied communique
said, arrangements for capitulation
of the city were made at a confer-
ence between Maj.-Gen. Charles W.
Ryder, U.S.A., and General Alphonse
Juin, the French North African com-
mander.
Turn to Page 3, Col. 5
* * *

Vichy Leaders.
Confer Hastily
By The Associated Press
BERN, Switzerland, Nov. 9.-Aged
Marshal H. Petain called in chief
of government Pierre Laval and other
Vichy leaders in a series of hasty con-
ferences today in :an effort to deter-
mine quickly Unoccupied France's po-
sition in the international picture as
a result of the North African cam-
paign.
That changes in the relations be-
tween the Vichy government and the
Axis could be expected was made clear
byofficial and semi-official sources in
Berlin.
A semi-official agency in Berlin
said the Wilhelmstrasse was viewing
the situation with "icy calm" and
that the American attack on French
territory opened a series of questions
"among them the relations of France
and the Axis."

I

U.S. Blitzkrieg Appears Imminent in North Africa
By WES GALLAGHER
Associated Press Correspondent
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN FRENCH NORTH AFRICA, Nov. 9.-
With Algiers in Allied hands, Oran surrounded and two key towns north
and south of Casablanca captured, an American blitzkrieg of unprece-
dented speed appeared imminent in North Africa tonight.
(No further reference to the "blitzkrieg" was made in the dispatch,
but it appeared that Gallagher had been given to understand that the
American Army is preparing for a lightning 'push across Tunisia to meet
the army of Marshal Erwin Rommel fleeing into Libya. This would be
made possible by the speedy acquisition of air and naval bases in French
North Africa.)
On the Atlantic coast the Americans were pushing steadily forward,
while the Mediterranean attack swept forward at an unprecedented pace.
Maj.-Gen. George S. Patton's forces on the Moroccan coast, however,
were meeting air resistance. The latest field reports showed that no heavy
French naval units had been engaged by the Allies in any area and the
- Luftwaffe has failed to put in an ap-

WHERE THERE'S A WILL:
Bomber Scholarship Sets Goal
of $15,000 for Current Year

Allies Hit French
LONDON, Nov. 9.-(1P)-US. Flying
Fortress and Liberator bombers flew
250 miles through swarms of Ger-
man fighters and anti-aircraft bar-
rages this afternoon to blast the Nazi
U-boat base of St. Nazaire in Occu-
pied France, a joint U.S.-British
communique said tonight.
Three planes were lost in this long-
est operational flight yet undertaken
by American airmen, but' "many hits"
were made on the docks, the an-
nouncement said.

The Bomber Scolarship Student
Committee has seta its goal for the
academic years 1942-1943 at $15,000
with which to buy war bonds, it was
announced last night.
Coral De Priester, '43E, Chairman
of the committee, announced that
they expected to raise the sum
through the contributions of the vari-
ous social functions on campus dur-
ing the year..
The decision of the Michigan
League to turn their ballroom over
to the students on week-ends, with
the profits from all activities going
to. the Bomber Scholarship, coupled
with the a uneement that the pro-
ceeds of Interfraternity Ball will also
be added to the fund, gave the Com-
mittee its biggest boost to date to-
ward its proposed goal.

Hellenic Association, Charlotte
Thompson, '43, League president,
Betty Newman, '43, president of As-
sembly, and George Sallade, '43, of
The Michigan Daily staff.
Community Fund-
U SO Drive Pledges
Go into High Gear
Pledges for the $77,500 whirlwind
USO-Cominunity Fund drive that
jumped into high gear Sunday with a
rally in Hill Auditorium, have reached
$32,254, campaign headquarters an-
nounced last night.
This intensive five-day drive, end-
ing Friday. will pro-rate a greatly in-

MUSIC HATH POWERS:
Spalding To Give Violin Concert
as hird Choral Union Program

pearance.
Landing on the dangerous Moroc-
can coast and encountering resis-
tance at every point, Patton's forces
captured Safi, south of Casablanca,
and Fedhala, to the north.
Opposition Disregarded
French fighters have been strafing
the American troops, but they are
advancing regardless of the opposi-
tion. The Moroccan campaign, which
was considered the most difficult be-
cause of the French strength and
the high seas at this time of year,
was progressing "faster than expec-
ted."
In the Mediterranean region Amer-
ican assault forces pushed forward
with amazing speed. At all points
they were far ahead of battle sched-
ule, placing the last big stronghold,
Oran, in a precarious position by
penetrating "to a considerable depth"
east and west of the city and captur-
ing more than 2,000 prisoners.
At isolated spots fighting has been
heavy, but at most places the Ameri-
can forces swept into the interior
easily.
Two hundred students are need-
ed by the Manpower Corps to do
clerical work on gas rationing next
week. Those who sign up are re-
quired to attend one of the four
preliminary meetings which will
be held at 2 p.m. and 7:30 p.m.
tomorrow and Friday in the Rack-

Albert Spalding, America's foremost
native violin artist, will appear in the
third concert of the Choral Union
Series, at 8:30 p. m. Thursday in Hill
Auditorium.
One of the most popular of the
world's famous violinists, Spalding
has played in concerts with the fore-
most orchestras of the United States
and Europe. Each season he plays an
average of 70 concerts in this country,
and in pre-war days he complemented

30 songs and many additional ar-
rangements and transcriptions to his
name.
Spalding has two violins of whkch
he takes special care. One, a Guar-
nerius dating from 1755, is insured for
$50,000. His other is an "Artot" made
by Antonio Stradivarius. Careful as
he is of these instruments, Spalding
refuses to worry about his hands,
which he uses to good advantage as a

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