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October 18, 1942 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1942-10-18

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Weather
Clear

VOL. LIII, No. 13 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, OCT. 18, 1942

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Regents' Move
Creates New
Forceful War
PolicyBoard
Purpose Is To Encourage
Student Work In War
Effort, Aid Preparation
For Military Services
Regent J. Herbert
States Objectives
An "aggressive," all-out University
war policy directed by the Board of
Regents through a newly-created
three-man committee was seen last
night by Regent Alfred B. Connable.
The committee, composed of Re-
gents Connable, Jghp. Lynch and Da-
vid H. Crowley was appointed Friday
following a four-hour meeting as an
initial move to "accelerate and in-
crease" the University's participation
in the war effort.
Connable believes that the action
will make it possible to coordinate all
When Regent Connable was ask- .
ed what he thought of the Man-
power Mobilization Corps, he said:
"In my opinion Regent Herbert's
statement of future University war
policy gives a new impetus to the
Manpower Mobilization Corps. The
students are definitely encouraged
to participate actively and patri-
otically in the war effort.
"The students are to be congrat-
ulated on voluntarily mobilizing
themselves in such a vital and
functional war force. It is a most
constructive all-out war effort."
University war agencies and topro-
mote constructive, direct action.
Speaking only as an individual
member of the committee, Connable,
nevertheless, expressed confidence
that the committee "is not going in
with any preconceived ideas," and
that it will welcome suggestions from
students, faculty members, the Uni-
versity administration and any citi-
zen of the state.
He indicated that it was the desire
of the committee to bring every mem-
ber of the University into closer con-
tact with the Regents through par-
ticipation in the war effort.
The Regents carried through the
new, active policy with a statement
by J. Joseph Herbert, chairman of
the Regents' committee on educa-
tional policy, which pledged the Uni-
versity to:
"Encourage its students to partici-
pateactively and patriotically in the
war effort; to aid them in their prep-
aration for war service; to devote its
facilities and resources to such prep-
aration and to cooperate with the
agencies of the government dealing
with these problems."
Connable said that the new com-
mittee would "proceed in the most
constructive and positive way" to
carry ott the objectives of the Uni-
versity's all-out policy.
The committee will collaborate
with the University War Board and
other University organizations and
will make recommendations to the
Board of Regents.

Art Cinema League
Opens New Series
With a program of such favorite
silent films as "The Great Train Rob-
bery" and "Rescued by Rover," the
Art Cinema League will show the
first program of a four Sunday series
of early pictures today in the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theater.
Two performances will be presented
in this first program, one starting at
7 p. m. and the other at 9 p. m. As
was the custom in former years, tick-
ets must be purchased for the entire
series rather than single admissions.
These tickets are now on sale at the
Michigan League and Union desks.
In this first performance eight pic-
tures will be shown. These films date
from the "Execution of Mary Queen
of Scots" which was made in 1895 to
"Queen Elizabeth" which was pro-
duced in '1912. In subsequent pro-
grams pictures which were made up
to 1928 will be presented.

repares

For

Solomons

Razzle-Dazzle Dividends:
Wildcats Smothered In Homecoming Contest
As Wolverines Unleash Powerful Offensive

By BUD HENDEL
Daily Sports Editor
Successfully opening its 1942 West-
ern Conference title quest, Michigan
poured all of its powerful gridiron
potion over a dangerous Northwest-
ern menace to hammer out an over-
whelming 34-16 triumph in Michigan
Stadium yesterday.
As the homecoming crowd of 32,815
screaming spectators peeled off cheer
after cheer, the Wolverines launched
a smashing offensive drive early in
the first quarter and kept pounding
all the way to score in every period
and completely smother the game
but outclassed Wildcats.
Franks Shows Drive
Flying laterals, deceptive spinners
and tricky reverses were the main
offensive weapons of the marching
Michigan gridders who rebounded
from last week's defeat to the Iowa
Seahawks in such a convincing man-
ner, that not a doubt can be held as
to their challenging position in the
Conference championship campaign.
The outcome was never questioned
after Michigan had established its
superiority in the opening quarter.
With the sturdy Wolverine line, led
by a charging, speedy guard in the
person of Julie Franks, bolting into
the Northwestern backfield time and
again, the Wildcat running attack
was bottled up throughout the con-
test.
Graham Passes
Only the magnificent passing arm
of halfback Otto Graham, who com-
pleted 20 out of 29 attempts for an
overland gain of 295 yards and defin-
itely established himself yesterday as
one of the nation's outstanding aerial
artists, prevented the Wolverines.

double line twice, once on a 14-yard
gallop and the other time from 22
yards out.
Tom Kuzma, playing his first game
of the season, scored the fourth Maize
and Blue tally, and Merv Pregulman,
once again a great center yesterday,
racked up the last Wolverine score on
a 35-yard runback of an intercepted
pass. Reserve Center Jim Brieske put
his right toe to good use and con-
verted for the extra point on four of
the five occasions.
Northwestern, mainly through
Graham's passing efforts, had an
edge in the first down department,
16 to 13. But wasn't enough to turn
the tide, as the durable Michigan line
held the Wildcats to a net gain of
only 26 yards by rushing.
Wiese Scores First
Yesterday's victory gives Michigan
a season record of three wins in four
starts, while Northwestern can lay
claim to a lone win against three set-
backs. It marked the 10th Wolverine
triumph in the 50-year-old rivalry,
as opposed to six Wildcat wins and
one tie. Also, Michigan rolled up the
largest score against the Purple in the
series since 1924 when the Wolverines
won by the count of 27-0.
Flawless attack functioning, the
Maize and Blue machine rolled into
high gear the second time they had
the ball. Taking possession on their
own 45, the Wolverines used up ten
plays before they cracked the scoring
zone. White passed to Elmer Madar
for a first down on the Northwestern
37, and Michigan was on its way.
Wiese and Don Robinson each hit the
line and it was a first down on the
27. From then on, it was all Wiese.
Turn To Page 7, Col. 1

Showdown
avy Pours Every
Weapon Into Area
Fast Army Bombers Hit Japs At Kiska;
Cargo Ship, Destroyer Knocked Out
By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER
Associated Press Correspondent
WASHINGTON, Oct. 17.-All types of American arms in the southwest
Pacific were reported by the Navy tonight to have been thrown into the vital
but still-developing battle of the Solomon Islands.
The fight, a late communique made clear, has yet to reach the show
down stage and the outcome is still undecided.
The communique made virtually the first significant mention of Ameri-
can sea forces to appear in any Navy statement on the battle, preliminary
phases of which began six days ago.
"Our land, sea an dair forces of the Army, NaNvy and Marine Corps are
engaged in meeting a serious enemy assault, the outcome of which is still
undecided," it was announced.
This indicated that a major clash of the American and Japanese navies
might be in the making, with each fleet maneuvering for the best advantage
and the right moment to strike in the dangerously narrow waters of the
Solomons Archipelago.
Numerous Warcraft In Battle Zone
What American naval units actually are operating in the battle zone
was of course not made known, but the Japanese have been reported to
have a considerable force of battleships and all the necessary supporting
vessels among the islands.
On land as on the sea, the communique said, there has so far been no
full scale engagement between America's Army-Marine troops defending
the strategic Guadalcanal air field and the heavily strengthened enemy
forces concentrated on the jungle-covered northern hump of the island.
Because of this lack of unlimited battle activity, American losses so far
have been minor, the Navy said, but warned that "in a battle of this
nature losses must be expected."
Japan's losses were raised by one cruiser damaged and one transport
bombed and set afire while another transport was believed to have been
<damaged by near misses. In addition,

PAUL WHITE ... today's high scorer

from chasing the Wildcats right out
of the Stadium.
Performing in grim, precision-like
style, Michigan riddled the highly-
touted Purple forward wall with the
unbeatable combination of good
blocking .and high-powered running.
They amassed a total of 225 yards by
rushing behind the masterful signal-

calling and expert blocking of Capt.
George Ceithaml and the battering
plunges and sweeping sprints of Full-
back Wiese and Halfback White.
Wiese accounted for one of the
Michigan touchdowns, while White,
displaying fully for the first time this
year the superlative form that made1
him a mainstay last year, crossed the{

NwTaxBill

New TaxBill
To Up Returns
By 6 Billions
House-Senate Conf erees
Add To Original Levies;
Fast Passage Expected
WASHINGTON, Oct. 17.- (M)-
Senate and House conferees adopted
a compromise version of the record-
breaking tax bill today which the
treasury estimated would increase
annual federal revenues by $6,881,-
830,000 and which Congressional lea-
ders expected would be speedily ac-
cepted by both chambers next week
and sent to the President.
The total amount of taxes called
for by the bill in its final form repre-
sented an increase over both the Sen-
ate and House versions-$65,600,000
in comparison with the Senate bill
and $593,300,000 above the House bill,
by treasury computation.
The conferees in five days reached
agreement on 504 amendments and
unceremoniously killed a proposal to
establish a joint congressional com-
mittee to study the question of im-
posing on citizens a compulsory sav-
ings plan.
"Victory Tax" Provision
Previously they had accepted most
of the major provisions of the bill as
the Senate passed it, including a 5
per cent "victory tax" on individual
income above $12 a week and a com-
bined rate of 40 per cent on normal
and surtax earnings of corporations.
Chairman George (D-Ga.) of the,
Senate finance committee pronounc-
ed the 601-page measure "an excel-
lent tax bill, taken as a whole," but
Chairman Doughton (D-N.C.) of the
House ways and means committee
was less enthusiastic, commenting:
"It's all right. It was as good as we
could do."
$7,900,000,000 Expected
George said the committee was
standing on its estimates that the
measure would raise approximately
$7,900,000,000 in direct new revenue,
with an additional $1,750,000,000 to
be collected from individual and cor-
porate taxpayers and later returned
to them in the form of current debt
credits or post-war rebates.
This huge new total would be piled
on top of about $17,000,000,000 now
collected yearly. Individuals would
nn..4,.. .-.1.,.- d1 A 1nnn nnA nAn a niA

Red Position Most Critical Yet
As Germans Press Along Volga

By The Associated Press
MOSCOW, Sunday, Oct. 18.- The
Russians said today that the Red
army held , firm again yesterday
against the all-out German drive in-
side the rubble-strewn city of Stalin-
grad in which four Soviet withdraw-
als had been forced in the previous
60 hours.
The midnight Soviet communique
said German tanks, carrying tommy-
gunners, broke through Russian lines
at one poi it near a factory, but that
all the tanks had been destroyed by
the end of the day. t
At another place within the city,
the communique said, the Germans
hurled large numbers of tanks, mo-
torized infantry and planes against
Russian positions but failed to gain.
The intensity of the fighting was in-
dicated by the heavy losses of Ger-
man tanks, which the communique
fixed at thirty.
1%orthwest of Stalingrad, it was
said, the Russians consolidated their
positions and, in some sectors, car-
ried out local attacks. At one point
about a company of German infantry
was wiped out and an ammunition
dump blown up.
In the Mozdok area of the Caucasps
the Germans launched two attacks
against Russian positions after an
artillery bombardment, but both at-
Technic Debut
Is Tomorrow
Two Special Color Pages
Will Be Featured
Completely revamped in style, con-
tent and make-up, the 1942 fall termj
Michigan Technic will make its debut
on campus tomorrow.
After having been delayed a week
by technical difficulties, the October
issue of the official engineering col-
lege magazine will appear with a host
of unique articles which, incidentally,
lave ,l0l been written by alumni of the
Jniversity.
The graduates' articles are:"X-
Ray for Production Control" by D. M.
McCutcheon, '31E; "Thermal Expan-
sion of Metal" by T. H. Wickenden,
'13E: and "Profit Sharing in Indus-

tacks were repelled, the communique
said. The Germans lost about 200 men
in the engagements.
In the Kalinin sector, northwest of
Moscow, Russian guerrillas were said
to have wrecked two German troop
trgins, killing 400 men.
The big battle, however, was in
Stalingrad where the Germans were
attacking with four infantry divisions
and one tank division, some 75,000
men, seeking to tear the Russian de-
fenses from their foundation along
Turn To Page 8, Col. 3
Contest To Select
Daily Music Critic
Is Set For Today
At 2:45 p. m. today in Room 206,
Burton Tower, The Daily staff and
members of the music school faculty
will hold an open contest to select
The Daily's music critic for the com-
ing year.
Any student may try out for the
position, and the person selected will
receive Choral Union tickets and a
salary.
The critic will be chosen in the fol-
lowing manner:
A sample concert program will be
played and within 75 minutes after
its conclusion, each contestant will
write a 500 word review.
A committee composed of members
of the music school faculty and The
Daily will judge the winning review.
Cochrane Appointed Head
Of Navy Ships Bureau
WASHING rON, Oct. 17.-- (P)-
I Secretary Knox announced today a
t reorganization of the top direction of
the Navy's bureau of ships, which has
charge of all designing, construction
and maintenance of warships.
Rear Admiral Alexander H. Van
Keuren, 61, will be replaced as chief
of the bureau by Captain Edward L.
Cochrane, 50, now on duty in the de-
sign division.
Van Keuren has been on ship con-
struction and design work for a great
many years and in the last three
years has been one of the Navy's best
, rn n m ffinrnc At Hok and Srnatp

House Passes
Plan To Draft
Younger Men
18-19 Year Olds Eligible
By Senate OK; College
Men ExemptUntil July
By RICHARD L. TURNER
WASHINGTON, Oct. 17.-()-The
House, performing what one member
called "a disagreeable but necessary
duty," passed today a bill making
youths of eighteen and nineteen sub-
ject to the draft. The vote was 345 to
16.
The measure goes next to the Sen-
ate. A similar bill was reported put
by the Senate military committee just
yesterday and is scheduled for action
next week. The step was recommend-
ed by President Roosevelt only five
days ago.
It was estimated that 2,500,000
young men thus will be made avail-
able for building up the army to a
planned strength of 7,500,000 in 1943.
After the elimination of the physical-
ly ineligible and others, army officials
estimated that some 1,500,000 of the
2,500,000 18 and 19-year-olds would
be inducted.
The 16 recorded as voting against
the bill included Rep. Tenerowicz
(D-Mich.).
School Deferments Limited
The bill provides that those who
are in high school or college may fin-
ish the present school year. But after
next July, educational deferments
would be forbidden.
It also contains a provision intend-
ed to defer the induction of married
men as long as possible. It does-this
by laying down a policy that no mar-
ried man with children may be in-
ducted while the state in which he
resides still has eligible single men or
childless married men. Childless mar-
ried men would receive the same pref-
erential treatment as against single
men.
System Now In Use
Under the present system, quotas
are assigned by draft board areas,
consisting of a rural county or a sec-
tion of the city. A monthly quota is
assigned to each district. The quota
must be filled, and if there are insuf-
ficient single men to meet it, the local
draft board makes up the deficit from
the married men on its list.
Cnnonnt nf the measure sought

RAF Raids
Gun Works
In France.
LONDON, Sunday, Oct. 18.- (A')-
Adopting the tactics used by the U.S.
Army Flying Fortresses, the RAF sent
a "large force" of its huge four-mo-
tored Lancaster bombers late yester-
day in a smashing daylight raid on
the great gun works at Le Creusot, in
Occupied France.
This was the first time the British
had used heavy bombers in force in a
daylight raid over the continent and
an air ministry communique issued
shortly after midnight described it as
"highly successful."
The term "large force" when used
in a British air communique usually
means that several hundred planes
were used. The air ministry said only
one bomber was missing-which is a
much lower loss than the RAF has
been suffering in night raids-al-
though the big planes went unescort-
ed by fighters.
This was the first raid on Le Creu-
sot, the French "Krupps" which has
been making heavy guns and other
war materials for the Germans. It
was a "saturation" attack, starting
about 6 p. m. and lasting less than
half an hour.
It also was the first long daylight
raid by British heavy bombers-about
800 miles there and back-since
twelve of the 10-gun 30-ton Lancas-
ters attacked Augsburg, Germany, six
months ago.
Manpower Drive
Expands Further
The manpower mobilization
drive gained smashing momentum
yesterday as the Interfraternity
Council moved to enroll every one
of the 1300 fraternity men on cam-
pus in the Manpower Corps.
The Council plan, providing that
every fraternity member be asked
tomorrow and Tuesday to volunteer
his services, came as part of a rap-
idly growing campus movement to
;et into the war by doing local
work.
Manpower director Mary Bor-
man revealed that Council tryouts
will visit each house at dinner time
during the next two days in order
to enlist every fraternity man in
the drive to alleviate local war la-
bor shortages.
Enlisted men students will begin
farm work in Washtenaw County
tomorrow.
rn-- .Arin:a-nnhn s of n-the

destruction of eight enemy planes-
three bombers and five fighters-was
reported. The cruiser suffered a tor-
pedo hit when naval aircraft made a
night attack on enemy ships to the
eastward of the Solomons.
Guadalcanal Shelled Again /
About the time this American at
tack was in progress another group
of Jap warships bombarded the
American positions on Guadalcanal
HEADQUARTERS OF GEN-
ERAL MacARTHUR, Sunday, Oct.
18.- (A)- Allied Nations' units
yesterday heavily bombed the Sol-
omon Islands, where Japanese for-
ces are attacking American-held
installations, General MacArthur's
headquarters announced today.
The , disclosure that General
MacArthur's air force was giving
powerful support to Americans in
the Solomons, by hammering the
Japanese bases and ships, was ac-
companied by the announcement
that Allied ground troops had
captured Templeton's Crossing
high in the Owen Stanley moun-
tain range of New Guinea.
Mentioned as targets of the aer-
ial attack were Japanese bases at
Buka, an island at the northern
tip of the Solomon group; Buin, on
the northern Solomon Island of
Bougainville; and Rabaul, the of-
ten-attacked Japanese New Brit-
ain Island base.
for about an hour. This was the
eighth reported Japanese bombing or
shelling of these defenses in six days.
. Since some of the earlier attacks
were officially described as heavy; it
seemed certain that the airfield
which is the strategic heart of the
American-held area had suffered
considerable damage.
Japan's ship losses for the entire
Solomons campaign now stand at
eight sunk, three probably sunk and
46 damaged-a total of 57. The eight
planes reported shot down in the lat-
est communique raised total Japanese
plane losses to 291.
Against these, the American forces
have had 10 ships sunk and several
damaged. The total of American
plane losses has not been disclosed.
Action In Aleutian Islands
While both sides in the Solomons
battle sparred for position and await-
ed the advantageous moment of at-
tack, the Navy reported that Amer-
ican Army bombers in the Aleutian
Islands, thousands of miles to the
north, had struck once more at Ja-
pan's battered base on Kiska.

I

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